Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 717
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Tello-Montoliu Antonio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Common carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) has been related to cardiovascular risk factors, coronary atherosclerosis and a higher risk of myocardial infarction. Evaluation of intracranial arteries by transcranial Doppler explores the presence of vascular dysfunction at this level. We tested the hypothesis that CIMT and Doppler Pulsatility Index (DPI) can ...
Mukamal Kenneth J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Controversy remains about whether early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise (the Ben Franklin hypothesis), or healthy, wealthy and dead (the James Thurber hypothesis). METHODS: As part of the Determinants of Myocardial Infarction Onset Study, we determined through personal interviews the bedtimes ...
Shin Dong Il - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The study objective was to assess the efficacy of 16-slice multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) in estimating residual stenosis and successful reperfusion after thrombolysis in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 31 patients with STEMI underwent MDCT scanning within 6 h (mean 4.6+/-1.1) ...
Koroneos Apostolos - - 2007
We report the life-saving administration of thrombolysis during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a patient with recent intracerebral haemorrhage. A 53-year-old male with intracerebral haemorrhage was admitted to the intensive care unit. On the 24th day of treatment he suffered cardiac arrest with pulseless electrical activity. Transoesophageal echocardiography was performed during ongoing ...
Lee Chi Hang - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In the thrombolytic era, it was reported that in the presence of significant coronary stenosis, lowering diastolic blood pressure (DBP) below a critical threshold would result in a paradoxical increase in the occurrence of myocardial infarction (MI). We sought to re-evaluate this J-shaped relation in the era of pharmacoinvasive ...
Amit Guy - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test whether nitroprusside (NTP) injected intracoronary immediately before primary angioplasty for acute ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) prevents no-reflow and improves vessel flow and myocardial perfusion. METHODS: Ninety-eight patients presenting with STEMI were evenly randomized to receive either NTP (60 microg) or ...
Chongtham Dhanaraj Singh - - 2006
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety and efficacy of telecardiology-guided initiation of therapy and management of acute coronary syndrome at primary care hospitals before the transfer of the patient to a tertiary care center. This study covered 25 of 41 patients diagnosed with acute coronary ...
Belle L - - 2006
The effectiveness of thrombolytics has been clearly demonstrated in more than half the cases in the large cohorts of patients selected for trials during the acute phase of myocardial infarction. At individual level, thrombolysis will clinically either succeed or fail so, for the medical team managing the patient, choice of ...
Steg P G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the impact on outcomes of direct admission versus emergency room (ER) admission in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) DESIGN: Nationwide observational registry of STEMI patients SETTING: 369 intensive care units in France. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were categorised on the basis of the initial management pathway (direct ...
Rubiera Marta - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although tandem internal carotid artery/middle cerebral artery (MCA; TIM) occlusion has been associated with low recanalization rate after IV tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), its independent contribution on stroke outcome remains unknown. Moreover, whether the relative resistance to thrombolysis in tandem lesions varies depending on the location of ...
Hanson T C - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: After an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) prehospital thrombolysis (PHT) reduces mortality compared with inhospital thrombolysis. In practice, a relatively small proportion of the total population with AMI receives PHT. This study was designed to identify the current barriers to PHT. METHODS: A retrospective practice review of 57 ...
Samimi-Fard Sima - - 2006
At present, thrombolysis remains the principal reperfusion strategy for ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes in most countries, due to the limited availability of primary angioplasty. Haemorrhagic complications, which are among the most frequent side effects, are usually not very important. As a matter of fact, 70% of the bleeding takes place ...
Kovacs Iren B - - 2006
Substantial evidence suggests that spontaneous thrombolytic activity of blood is an effective mechanism for protection against tissue damage that is the consequence of lasting arterial occlusion. Despite the generally held belief that coronary artery disease and stroke are preventable, a promising avenue of prevention, namely the identification and prophylactic treatment ...
Ozkan U─čur - - 2006
Acute portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a rare clinical condition that can cause portal hypertension and bowel infarction. Early diagnosis and treatment of PVT is crucial for the restoration of portal venous flow and reduction of morbidity and mortality. We report a successful treatment of acute PVT which was seen ...
Khatri Pooja - - 2006
Stroke is an important complication after cardiac catheterization procedures, resulting in death and disability for thousands of patients each year. Common risk factors include advanced age, vascular comorbidities, and more complicated and invasive procedures. Several lines of evidence suggest that these strokes are embolic, from either dislodgement of a clot ...
Kovacs I B - - 2006
Spontaneous thrombolysis is an endogenous protective mechanism against lasting arterial thrombotic occlusion, which is implicated in the pathogenesis of myocardial infarction and acute coronary events. Novel therapies for coronary heart disease (CHD) targeting atherosclerosis and thrombosis, together with cardiovascular prevention programs targeting risk-factors and lifestyle provide evidence that CHD is ...
Musuraca Gerardo - - 2006
The electrocardiogram, when applied in the prehospital setting, has a significant effect on a patient with chest pain. The potential effect includes both diagnostic and therapeutic issues, including the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction and the indication for thrombolysis or invasive procedures. We report the case of a man who ...
Björklund Erik - - 2006
AIMS: There are sparse data on the impact of pre-hospital thrombolysis (PHT) in real-life patients. We therefore evaluated treatment delays and outcome in a large cohort of ambulance-transported real-life patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) according to PHT delivered by paramedics or in-hospital thrombolysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective cohort study ...
Banyo Fujii / Kiyoshi ...
We present 4 cases of acute reocclusion of a coronary artery . They had total occlusion at the time of acute myocardial infarction, and had beenrecanalized with intracoronary urokinase infusion with a residual lesion of less than 50%. Reocclusion occurred by thrombus formation at the same location, where total occlusion ...
Barsam Allon - - 2006
Suprachoroidal haemorrhage occurs most commonly as an intraoperative or a postoperative complication of ocular surgery. Spontaneous suprachoroidal haemorrhage is rare. Herein a case is described of spontaneous suprachoroidal haemorrhage in a patient who received recombinant tissue plasminogen activator for the treatment of a myocardial infarction. Systemic thrombolysis may induce spontaneous ...
Dragu Robert - - 2006
Data from patients who had ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction and renal failure and were enrolled in the 2002 Acute Coronary Syndrome Israeli Survey (ACSIS) were studied to determine the effect of different myocardial reperfusion modalities on short- and long-term outcomes. Thirty-day crude mortalities were 8.3% in the thrombolysis group, 40.0% ...
Daffertshofer Michael - - 2006
Reopening of the occluded artery is the primary therapeutic goal in hyperacute ischemic stroke. Systemic treatment with tissue recombinant plasminogen activator (tPA) has been shown to be beneficial at least in a 3-hour door to needle window. Intra-arterial thrombolysis is favorable and opens the window of treatment up to at ...
Galiuto Leonarda - - 2006
Previously defined as the failure to achieve uniform intramyocardial reperfusion after prolonged but reversible coronary occlusion, only recently has no-reflow phenomenon been characterized as a heterogeneous clinical condition. In fact, in about half of post-infarct patients that show no-reflow after 24 hours from coronary recanalization by either thrombolysis or PTCA, ...
Chase D - - 2006
To quantify the health gains and costs associated with improving ambulance and thrombolysis response times for acute myocardial infarction. A computer simulation model. PATIENTS/SETTINGS: Patients experiencing acute myocardial infarction in England. Improving the ambulance response time to 75% of calls reached within 8 minutes and the hospital arrival to thrombolysis ...
Khatri Pooja - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The acute stroke literature lacks a standard convention regarding the critical end point of revascularization. Two distinct parameters may be clinically important: (1) recanalization of the primary arterial occlusive lesion (AOL) and (2) global reperfusion of the distal vascular bed. We sought to determine their relationship in ...
De Luca Giuseppe - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of primary angioplasty for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have been demonstrated, the prognostic role of early recanalization in these patients has yet to be investigated. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of preprocedural Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow on the ...
Iqbal M Perwaiz - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) is a lysosomal enzyme of which the activity in plasma is increased in a number of conditions including myocardial infarction. Plasma levels of cardiac proteins, such as myoglobin, troponin and creatine kinase, have been used as markers of myocardial reperfusion as well as for the prognosis of ...
Buber Jonathan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: ST segment resolution (STR) is a strong predictor of outcome following thrombolysis. If failure of STR could be predicted on admission, better selection of treatment may be possible. Among patients given reperfusion, those with terminal QRS distortion (grade 3 ischemia) have larger infarcts, but the mechanism underlying this association ...
Bigi Riccardo - - 2005
The association between admission electrocardiogram and 6-month change in left ventricular function and volume was assessed in 200 patients who had acute myocardial infarction that was treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Logistic regression analysis indicated peak creatine phosphokinase-MB, number of Q-wave leads, QRS interval distortion, wall motion score index, ...
Lengyel Maria - - 2005
Prosthetic valve thrombosis (PVT) is a life-threatening disease, for which treatment strategies have been controversial. Herein, existing data on management options are reviewed, and conclusions drawn as to the choice and use of treatment strategies for PVT. The use of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) allows distinction to be made between obstructive ...
Reuben A D - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To redesign and simplify an existing decision algorithm for the management of patients who present to the emergency department with chest pain and left bundle branch block (LBBB) based on the Sgarbossa criteria. To compare its reliability with the current algorithm. METHODS: A simplified algorithm was created and tested ...
Toumpoulis Ioannis K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is frequently used after thrombolytic therapy. However, there is little information regarding long-term survival in this setting. The purpose of the present study was to compare the long-term survival of patients subjected to CABG after thrombolysis to those without thrombolysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We ...
Tziakas Dimitrios N - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are expressed in atherosclerotic plaques. Acute coronary syndromes may be precipitated by MMPs through degradation of the fibrous cap and subsequent plaque disruption. Serine proteases such as plasmin activate MMPs and may contribute to plaque events. Thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is widely used ...
Ovbiagele Bruce - - 2005
Smokers with acute myocardial infarction have better outcomes after thrombolysis than nonsmokers. The authors evaluated the independent effect of smoking on short-term outcome following IV thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke. After adjusting for covariates, recent smokers who received thrombolysis had a significantly greater drop in 24-hour median stroke severity scores ...
Banerjee P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Thrombolysis is still the first line of treatment for acute myocardial infarction in the United Kingdom. In a significant proportion of these patients thrombolytic therapy fails to restore patency of the occluded artery or is followed by early re-infarction. The best management of this group of patients is not ...
Bedetti Gigliola - - 2005
BACKGROUND: High-dose glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) solution has beneficial effects on reducing mortality in acute myocardial infarction. Dipyridamole (DIP) is a powerful antioxidant and increases adenosine concentration. Experimentally, GIK and DIP have additive protective effects in ischemia-reperfusion injury. AIM: This work aims to assess the acute effects of DIP alone, GIK alone, ...
Pfaffenberger Stefan - - 2005
Cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of mortality in the developed world. Efficacy of thrombolysis plays an important role in the management of acute myocardial infarction and cerebral insult both in the acute event and in the long-term outcome of these patients. New adjunctive strategies have been tested, therefore, to ...
Chockalingam Anand - - 2005
Acute inferior wall myocardial infarction can be complicated by right ventricular myocardial infarction (RVMI), and the excess mortality cannot be fully explained by mechanical reasons. The authors try to systematically assess the incidence, clinical presentation and early outcomes of right ventricular infarction in a tertiary-care setup. Their study was a ...
Zavala-Alarcon Edgardo - - 2005
Slow flow of dye in epicardial coronary arteries is not an infrequent finding in patients during routine coronary angiography. The extreme form of this phenomenon, namely, no flow or Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 0-1, is very uncommon with life-threatening consequences. We consider the present report as the first one, ...
Dilaveris Polychronis - - 2005
To investigate the effects of thrombolysis on vectorcardiographic (VCG) descriptors of ventricular repolarization in association with ST-segment resolution, 70 consecutively recruited patients with acute myocardial infarction underwent digital 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) before and at 3 hours after thrombolysis. The alterations in the VCG descriptors spatial T amplitude and spatial QRS-T ...
Anjaneyulu Anne - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Demonstration of recanalized coronary artery is mostly done by angiographic techniques. Early bedside demonstration of reperfusion after thrombolysis by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) has important implications in the subsequent risk stratification and timing of coronary interventions. METHODS: In this study, 12 patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction who received thrombolytic ...
Pasceri Vincenzo - - 2005
We tested the effects of the nitric oxide donor nitroprusside as treatment for no reflow in 23 consecutive patients who underwent coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction. No reflow was defined as a decrease of >/=1 Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) trial flow grade occurring after successful initial coronary recanalization. ...
Goldstein P - - 2005
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the prototype of a real emergency, and both efficacy and speed are necessary for effective management. The advent of thrombolysis therapy has transformed the care of these patients. In fact, the most frequent complication of AMI is sudden death which still occurs within the first ...
Wardlaw Joanna M - - 2005
PURPOSE: To review systematically all reported early computed tomographic (CT) signs in acute ischemic stroke to determine interobserver agreement and the relationship between early CT signs and patient outcome with or without thrombolysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted by using Cochrane Stroke Group methodology ...
Sakakura Kenichi - - 2005
A 77-year-old female with two previous inferior myocardial infarctions was transferred to our medical center with a third inferior acute myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography revealed 99% stenosis with rich thrombus in the distal right coronary artery [Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) grade 2 flow]. The angiographic appearance of the right ...
Kirtane Ajay J - - 2005
Clinical and angiographic data were analyzed from 929 patients who had ST-elevation myocardial infarction and open epicardial arteries after fibrinolytic therapy. Residual angiographically evident thrombus was associated with more frequent Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) grade 2 flow (33.6% vs 26.8%, p = 0.03), higher corrected TIMI frame counts (34 ...
Hara Masahide - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We tried to elucidate angiographical predictors of no-reflow and to determine a preferable recanalization therapy based on the morphology of lesions. METHODS: Seventy-six patients were randomly assigned into groups to receive primary angioplasty (n = 41) or intracoronary thrombolysis (n = 35). Based on angiography, occlusive infarct-related lesions were ...
Germing A - - 2005
Aggressive antithrombotic medical therapy may increase the rate of access-site complications after percutaneous coronary intervention. Frequently, emergency coronary interventions have to be performed in a situation when thrombolysis therapy was administered as the first-line therapeutic approach in acute myocardial infarction but failed to achieve stable conditions. We analyzed the rate ...
Olivecrona Göran K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The same mechanisms by which ultrasound enhances thrombolysis are described in connection with non-beneficial effects of ultrasound. The present safety study was therefore designed to explore effects of beneficial ultrasound characteristics on the infarcted and non-infarcted myocardium. METHODS: In an open chest porcine model (n = 17), myocardial infarction ...
Doyle Frank - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Shorter time to treatment is associated with lower mortality in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). A previous (1994) survey showed substantial delays for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Ireland. The present study compared current practice with 1994 and surveyed acute coronary syndromes as a more complete contemporary evaluation of critical ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >