Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1760
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Kamiya Masataka - - 2006
A 54-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for evaluation of chest pain occurring at rest in the morning. ST segment depression was observed during a treadmill exercise test. Coronary angiography identified spontaneous spasm of the proximal right coronary artery, and right coronary obstruction was improved from 90% to about ...
Zupán Kristóf - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the value of a myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) reference file for patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB). METHODS AND RESULTS: Tl-201 stress-redistribution myocardial perfusion SPECT studies of patients with complete, permanent LBBB were reviewed retrospectively. To ...
Ward R Parker - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Postischemic global and regional left ventricular (LV) dysfunction on stress-gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging is attributed widely to myocardial stunning. We sought to determine the specificity of gated SPECT for the detection of myocardial stunning after ischemic stress. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients with an ischemic ...
Chareonthaitawee Panithaya - - 2006
PET absolute myocardial blood flow (MBF) with H(2)15O and 13NH3 are widely used in clinical and research settings. However, their reproducibility with a 16-myocardial segment model has not been examined in chronic coronary artery disease (CAD). We examined the short-term reproducibility of PET H(2)15O MBF and PET 13NH3 MBF in ...
Reyes Eliana - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Thallium 201, technetium 99m sestamibi (MIBI), and Tc-99m tetrofosmin differ in their myocardial uptake characteristics. This may make the technetium tracers less sensitive for detecting mild to moderate coronary stenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 163 patients with angiographic mild to moderate stenosis (50%-89%) and coexistent severe disease (88/163 ...
Polizos George - - 2006
We evaluated the value of upsloping ST-segment depression in predicting the severity of myocardial ischemia. Comparison of the exercise electrocardiographic changes was made to myocardial perfusion images and coronary angiograms as the criteria for ischemia. We retrospectively reviewed 621 patients who underwent exercise technetium-99m tetrofosmin single photon emission computed tomography ...
Lin Shoa-Lin - - 2006
Real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) has the potential to evaluate myocardial perfusion and wall motion (WM) simultaneously. The purposes of this study were to correlate the diagnostic value of MCE with radionuclide single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and to assess the sensitivity and specificity of real-time MCE in detecting coronary ...
Samady Habib - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that fractional flow reserve (FFR) of an infarct-related artery (IRA) early after myocardial infarction (MI) identifies inducible ischemia on noninvasive imaging. BACKGROUND: Early after MI, IRAs frequently have angiographically indeterminant lesions. Whether FFR can detect reversible perfusion defects early after MI when dynamic microvascular abnormalities are present ...
Tanaka Ryo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the usefulness of 99mTc-sestamibi (MIBI) delayed imaging in the assessment of the severity of myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary artery stenosis. METHODS: Forty-three angina pectoris with coronary stenosis of greater than 75% were enrolled in this study. Myocardial perfusion SPECT ...
Kakhki Vahidreza Dabbagh - - 2006
We present the case report of a 72-y-old woman who underwent (99m)Tc-sestamibi gated myocardial perfusion SPECT with a 2-d protocol. SPECT images revealed ischemia of the apical, anteroapical, apicoseptal, and septal walls. Postdipyridamole gated SPECT revealed significant deterioration in the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), wall motion, and systolic wall ...
Takeda Tohoru - - 2006
In myocardial SPECT imaging with the popularly used 99mTc-sestamibi and 99mTc-tetrofosmin, intense liver uptake leads to a paradoxical decrease of counts in the absence of perfusion abnormalities, making it difficult to assess myocardial perfusion, particularly in the inferior or inferoapical left ventricular wall. 99mTc-N-DBODC5, which is a new lipophilic, mono-cationic ...
Henneman M M - - 2006
To evaluate a comprehensive multislice computed tomography (MSCT) protocol in patients with previous infarction, including assessment of coronary artery stenoses, left ventricular (LV) function and perfusion. 16-slice MSCT was performed in 21 patients with previous infarction; from the MSCT data, coronary artery stenoses, (regional and global) LV function and perfusion ...
Sörensen Jens - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Positron emission tomography (PET) with [15O]-H2O-PET (WAT-PET) or [11C]-acetate (AC-PET) quantifies myocardial perfusion and oxidative metabolism, but routine clinical use is hampered by the need for additional investigations to assess cardiac performance. OBJECTIVE: To apply classical tracer kinetics to dynamic PET could provide important haemodynamic parameters. METHODS: First-pass PET ...
Dwivedi Girish - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Detection of residual infarct-related artery (IRA) stenosis and multivessel disease (MVD) after thrombolysis has important therapeutic and prognostic implications. Technetium 99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is used for detection of flow-limiting coronary artery disease (CAD). Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) is a new technique developed to assess ...
Hayat Sajad A - - 2006
Contrast-enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has been shown to accurately assess transmural extent of infarction, which is an excellent predictor of long-term improvement in contractile function. We assessed the relative accuracy of myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to predict transmural extent of infarction after ...
Zhang Wei-Ting WT Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA, and Harvard Medical School, Bldg 149 (2301), 13th Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA. - - 2006
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has become a powerful tool for studying the normal and diseased human brain. The application of fMRI in detecting neuronal signals in the trigeminal system, however, has been hindered by low detection sensitivity due to activation artifacts caused by cardiac pulse-induced brain and brainstem movement. ...
Shirasaki Haruhisa - - 2006
PURPOSE: Although preserved glucose metabolism is considered to be a marker of myocardial viability in the chronic stage, it has not been fully elucidated whether this is also true with regard to reperfused acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of(99m)Tc-tetrofosmin SPECT ...
Ling Lieng H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Detection of viable myocardium (VM) has important therapeutic implications for chronic ischemic left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. We compared the ability of nitroglycerin-dobutamine echocardiography (NTG-DE), intracoronary myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE), and rest-redistribution thallium 201 single-photon emission computed tomography (RRT-SPECT) to detect VM in this setting. METHODS: Patients with LV ...
Saadah Mohammed A - - 2006
Homocysteine is a sulfurated amino acid with a central role in the metabolism of thiol compounds. Homocystinemia is a recognized independent potentially remediable risk factor for vascular disease. It is associated with both macro and micro vascular ischemic stroke. It can often be normalized by polyvitamin therapy. This inexpensive and ...
Kaneta Tomohiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Positron emission tomography (PET) with fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is widely used for evaluation of cancer and ischemic heart disease. Recently, increased myocardial FDG uptake has been reported to be related to some types of heart disease, such as sarcoidosis. However, the physiological increased FDG uptake in the heart often mimics ...
Khalil Magdy Mohamed - - 2006
AIM: To compare the quantitative algorithms Emory Cardiac Toolbox (ECTb), quantitative gated SPECT (QGS), layer of maximum counts (LMC), and left ventricular global thickening fraction (LVGTF) using gated myocardial tomography in the calculation of the left ventricular ejection fraction using the regression without truth (RWT) technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-four ...
Kusuoka Hideo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT is widely applied to diagnose ischemic heart disease, and such findings are useful to predict patient prognosis. However, Japan does not have a database that correlates SPECT image findings with the prognosis of patients who have ischemic heart disease. METHODS: A large-scale clinical study involving ...
Beeres Saskia L M A - - 2006
Intramyocardial injection of bone marrow cells has been proposed as a new therapeutic option for patients with chronic ischemic heart disease. We investigated whether autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell injection into the myocardium of patients with drug-refractory ischemia reduces anginal symptoms, improves left ventricular (LV) function, increases myocardial perfusion, and ...
Sermsappasuk Pakawadee - - 2006
The distribution kinetics of the highly lipophilic antiarrhythmic agent amiodarone is not well understood. The purpose of the present investigation was to develop a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model to describe cardiac uptake and the negative inotropic effect of amiodarone in the isolated perfused rat heart. Amiodarone (10 microM) was infused for ...
Lima Ronaldo S L - - 2006
Abnormal heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise has been associated with increased cardiac mortality. The ability of gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to evaluate myocardial perfusion and function simultaneously might make it helpful in determining possible mechanisms that are involved in this finding. This study investigated the ...
Slart Riemer H J A - - 2006
PURPOSE: (18)F-FDG PET is an important modality for myocardial viability assessment in patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Dual-isotope simultaneous acquisition (DISA) SPECT may be an alternative to PET. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of PET and DISA SPECT for the prediction of improvement ...
Acton Paul D - - 2006
Small animal imaging of cardiovascular disease using single photon emission tomography (SPECT) can be used to provide quantitative measurements of myocardial infarct. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the accuracy of pinhole SPECT imaging with [99mTc]sestamibi for estimation of infarct size in a rat model of coronary artery ...
Slart Riemer H J A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, cardiac fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake is combined with regional perfusion for optimal evaluation of viability. Gated FDG-positron emission tomography (PET) may be an alternative technique for detection of viability because it permits combined assessment of glucose metabolism uptake and wall thickening (WT). In this study the value of FDG ...
Hung Guang-Uei - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Vasodilator stress on myocardial perfusion imaging has been found to induce ischemic stunning, which may present as transient worsening of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) or regional wall motion abnormality. This study aimed to evaluate the significance of stress-induced worsening of LVEF in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease ...
Fujimoto Shinichiro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The predictors and lesion morphology of patients with ischemic heart disease testing false negative results in stress myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Subjects were 58 consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiography (CAG), even though they showed normal findings in stress myocardial perfusion ...
Huber Armin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of imaging the myocardium with a fast multislice inversion recovery 2D single-shot true fast imaging with steady-state precession (trueFISP) sequence during a single breath-hold in comparison with an established segmented inversion recovery turbo fast low-angle shot (turboFLASH) sequence. ...
Yamanaka Hiroyuki - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relationship between the mismatch of thallium-201(Tl) and iodine-123-beta-methyl-iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) myocardial single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and autonomic nervous system activity in myocardial infarction (MI) patients. The subjects were 40 patients (34 males, 6 females) who underwent examinations by 123I-BMIPP and ...
Nakano Masatsugu - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To study the relationship between lesion vessel area and myocardial salvage assessed by myocardial single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in acute myocardial infarction with stenting after thrombectomy. METHODS: This study included 71 patients who underwent stenting after thrombectomy for acute myocardial infarction. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) was performed after ...
Hirata Kumiko - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Noninvasive methods that have the ability to accurately detect restenosis have been desired in the selection of patients requiring further angiographic evaluation. The present study sought to evaluate the diagnostic potential of transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE), a noninvasive method for evaluating coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR), in detecting restenosis ...
Huber Armin - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to show if contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) could be improved without loss of diagnostic accuracy if a phase-sensitive inversion recovery (PSIR) single-shot TrueFISP sequence is used at 3.0 T instead of 1.5 T. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten patients with myocardial infarction were examined ...
Chan Jonathan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) volumes have important prognostic implications, but are commonly underestimated. We sought accuracy and reproducibility of LV volume measurement by live 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography (3DE) and TI-201 single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), compared with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: In all, 30 patients (age 62 ...
Tossios Paschalis - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis, that intramyocardial injection of mononuclear bone marrow cells combined with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery improves tissue viability or function in infarct regions with non-viable myocardium as assessed by nuclear imaging techniques. METHODS: Thus far, 7 patients (60 +/- 10 [SD] years) undergoing elective ...
Gudmundsson Petri - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Real-time perfusion (RTP) contrast echocardiography using low mechanical index power modulation technique allows for simultaneous myocardial perfusion and wall motion analysis. RTP-adenosine stress echocardiography (ASE) could be an alternative to dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography; more tolerable for the patients and possibly similarly accurate. We aimed to evaluate RTP-ASE for the ...
Kamínek Milan - - 2006
A lot of unresolved questions still exist concerning the exact mechanism of the beneficial effects of bone marrow cell (BMC) transplantation for myocardial regeneration. The aim of this communication is to report the cases of patients with and without post-transplantation left ventricular function improvement. To this study we included consecutive ...
Feola Mauro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Trimetazidine (TMZ) improves (99m)Tc sestamibi uptake in myocardial single photon emission tomography (SPECT). This study compared TMZ (99m)Tc tetrofosmin SPECT and low-dose dobutamine echocardiography (LDDE) as predictors of functional recovery of hibernating myocardium after coronary revascularization. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with prior myocardial infarction and left ventricular dysfunction underwent coronary ...
Alexánderson Erick - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In patients with myocardial infarction and left ventricular dysfunction, the evidence of myocardial viability is primordial. There are some methods to detect the presence of myocardial viability, 201 thallium reinjection SPECT protocol represents the most common radioisotopic technique to evaluate it. Positron emission tomography (PET) using FDG is considered ...
Riou Laurent M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated that the intrinsic myocardial washout of bis(N-ethoxy,N-ethyldithiocarbamato)nitrido technetium(V) (technetium 99m N-NOET) was affected by changes occurring in the intravascular compartment such as variations in circulating lipid levels. We sought to determine whether the myocardial kinetics of Tc-99m N-NOET were affected by hyperlipidemia in a clinically relevant ...
CzepczyƄski R - - 2006
Cardiac syndrome X defines patients with typical anginal chest pain, a positive exercise ECG stress test and angiographically normal coronary arteries. AIM of this study was to evaluate the role of myocardial perfusion SPECT with dipyridamole stress in the diagnosis of cardiac syndrome X. PATIENTS, METHODS: 68 patients with syndrome ...
Lü Jiagao - - 2006
The imaging appearances of 99Tc(m)-HL91, a new hypoxic imaging agent, in ischemic myocardium were studied and the value of 99Tc(m)-HL91 in the evaluation of regional ischemic viable myocardium was explored. Acute myocardial ischemia models were made by coronary artery legations in 18 rats and randomly divided into 2 groups: 99Tc(m)-HL91 ...
Korosoglou Grigorios - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the incremental value of real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) as an adjunct to pharmacologic stress testing. This study was performed to evaluate the diagnostic value of MCE to detect abnormal myocardial perfusion by technetium Tc 99m sestamibi-single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and anatomically significant ...
Matsunari Ichiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) SPECT has emerged as an alternative to dedicated PET imaging. However, it remains uncertain whether FDG SPECT is an as accurate for viability assessment as FDG PET in patients with severely reduced left ventricular function. The aim of the study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy ...
Iskandrian Ami E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The BARI 2D (Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes) trial, a National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-sponsored study in type 2 diabetic patients with coronary artery disease, completed patient recruitment in March 2005. This trial had a nuclear substudy in addition to many other substudies. METHODS AND RESULTS: After ...
Hickman Michael - - 2007
Myocardial uptake using (99m)Tc-sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) depends largely on myocardial microvascular volume. Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) is a relatively new technique that detects not only microvascular volume but also blood flow. These differing mechanisms may affect the relative accuracies of MCE and SPECT for detecting myocardial ...
Slart Riemer H J A - - 2006
The assessment of myocardial viability has become an important aspect of the diagnostic and prognostic work-up of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Although revascularization may be considered in patients with sufficient viable myocardium, patients with predominantly scar tissue should be treated medically. Patients with left ventricular dysfunction who have viable myocardium ...
Kühl Harald Peter - - 2006
End-diastolic wall thickness (EDWT) and thickness of the residual non-contrast-enhanced myocardial rim have been suggested as markers for the assessment of myocardial viability by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. This study compared these parameters as derived from contrast-enhanced CMR images for the prediction of myocardial viability as determined by fluorine-18 ...
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