Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1776
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Wiggers Henrik - - 2006
It is unknown whether human chronically ischemic dysfunctional myocardium degenerates over time or adapts to chronic ischemia. We studied whether perfusion, metabolism, and contractile function and reserve can be preserved in nonrevascularized human chronically stunned and hibernating myocardium. We studied 16 event-free, medically treated patients with ejection fractions of 31 ...
Basic Doris - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the prognostic value of myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in patients with known or suggested coronary artery disease compared with technetium-99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)-myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of SPECT-MPI is well established for patients with coronary artery disease. ...
Shimizu Yasuhiro - - 2006
We assessed the usefulness of (201)thallous chloride (TlCl)/(123)I-beta-methyl iodophenyl pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) dual-isotope single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to identify the "no-reflow phenomenon," defined as inadequate myocardial perfusion through a given segment of the coronary circulation without angiographic evidence of mechanical vessel obstruction. (201)TlCl/(123)I-BMIPP SPECT was performed in 73 patients ...
Roelants Véronique - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We determined the value of attenuation correction (AC) of myocardial perfusion estimation with (99m)Tc-MIBI SPECT in overweight patients by comparison of uncorrected (filtered back-projection (FBP) and corrected (an iterative algorithm with a measured attenuation coefficients map (FL-AC)) (99m)Tc-MIBI relative uptake to perfusion data obtained in the same patients with ...
Kumita Shin-ichiro - - 2006
Erectrocardiogram (ECG)-gated myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) can be used to assess myocardial perfusion and left ventricular function simultaneously. Various clinical applications of gated SPECT and their usefulness have been reported. The functional variables that can be determined with gated SPECT have been limited to systolic indices. ...
de Vries Jessica - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The combination of angina pectoris, angiographically normal coronary arteries, and a positive exercise stress test (EST) is referred to as cardiac syndrome X. However, a large group of patients suspected of syndrome X reveals a normal exercise stress test and weakens the diagnosis of syndrome X. Previous studies demonstrated ...
Hansen Christopher L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Breast attenuation artifact is well known for reducing the accuracy of myocardial perfusion imaging in women. We have noticed the particular pattern of relative preservation of apical activity in women with breast attenuation and decreased anterior wall counts. This study was undertaken to see if this finding could be ...
Efstratiadis G - - 2006
Magnesium depletion in clinical practice is mainly related to loop diuretics and thiazides. Among patients treated with diuretics more than 1/3 exhibit hypomagnesa. Arrhythmias and sudden death attributed to magnesium depletion could be prevented by Mg administration. Magnesium deficiency in experimental animals promotes atherosclerotic lesions whereas this ion is involved ...
Firschke Christian - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We sought to evaluate the role of adenosine myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) for the determination of functional relevance of coronary stenoses with intermediate angiographic severity and compared the results to single photon imaging (SPECT). We hypothezised that sole assessment of myocardial blood volume changes during adenosine on MCE would ...
Fukuchi K - - 2007
Increased 18fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in the myocardium is frequently observed while performing clinical positron emission tomography (PET) body scans for oncology under fasting conditions. This article reviews the normal variations and abnormal appearances of myocardial FDG accumulation which are likely to be encountered in the routine PET studies. Knowledge about ...
Shaw Leslee J - - 2006
AIMS: Technological advances in cardiac imaging have led to dramatic increases in test utilization and consumption of a growing proportion of cardiovascular healthcare costs. The opportunity costs of strategies favouring exercise echocardiography or SPECT imaging have been incompletely evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined prognosis and cost-effectiveness of exercise echocardiography ...
Chun Kyung Ah - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), a potent and inexpensive coronary vasodilator, was introduced as a pharmacologic stress agent for thallium 201 single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). However, there has been no direct comparison of ATP and adenosine as myocardial stressors in the same subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-six patients underwent ...
Arrighi James A - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The assessment of myocardial viability provides important information that may guide therapeutic decisions in patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction. This review describes methods for assessing myocardial viability using single-photon emission computed tomography, with an emphasis on how to optimize the detection of viable ...
Kowalski Marcin - - 2006
Transient ischemic dilatation (TID) of the left ventricle observed during single photon myocardial perfusion emission computed tomography (SPECT) is an important non-perfusion finding that may not only suggest underlying significant (usually multi-vessel) coronary artery disease (CAD) but also an independent prognostic factor of adverse outcomes regardless of abnormal or normal ...
Hage Fadi G - - 2006
Most patients with ST depression during adenosine infusion have reversible perfusion defects by single-photon emission computed tomographic (SPECT) perfusion images. Occasionally ST depression is observed in the setting of normal perfusion images. The outcome of such patients is controversial. We identified 65 patients who underwent gated SPECT perfusion imaging with ...
Afzal Muhammad Shehzad - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of gated Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) for accurate assessment of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) of patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB). DESIGN: Analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Punjab Institute of Nuclear Medicine (PINUM), Faisalabad, Pakistan, from June 2002 to April ...
Kamiya Masataka - - 2006
A 54-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for evaluation of chest pain occurring at rest in the morning. ST segment depression was observed during a treadmill exercise test. Coronary angiography identified spontaneous spasm of the proximal right coronary artery, and right coronary obstruction was improved from 90% to about ...
Zupán Kristóf - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the value of a myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) reference file for patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB). METHODS AND RESULTS: Tl-201 stress-redistribution myocardial perfusion SPECT studies of patients with complete, permanent LBBB were reviewed retrospectively. To ...
Ward R Parker - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Postischemic global and regional left ventricular (LV) dysfunction on stress-gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging is attributed widely to myocardial stunning. We sought to determine the specificity of gated SPECT for the detection of myocardial stunning after ischemic stress. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients with an ischemic ...
Chareonthaitawee Panithaya - - 2006
PET absolute myocardial blood flow (MBF) with H(2)15O and 13NH3 are widely used in clinical and research settings. However, their reproducibility with a 16-myocardial segment model has not been examined in chronic coronary artery disease (CAD). We examined the short-term reproducibility of PET H(2)15O MBF and PET 13NH3 MBF in ...
Reyes Eliana - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Thallium 201, technetium 99m sestamibi (MIBI), and Tc-99m tetrofosmin differ in their myocardial uptake characteristics. This may make the technetium tracers less sensitive for detecting mild to moderate coronary stenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 163 patients with angiographic mild to moderate stenosis (50%-89%) and coexistent severe disease (88/163 ...
Polizos George - - 2006
We evaluated the value of upsloping ST-segment depression in predicting the severity of myocardial ischemia. Comparison of the exercise electrocardiographic changes was made to myocardial perfusion images and coronary angiograms as the criteria for ischemia. We retrospectively reviewed 621 patients who underwent exercise technetium-99m tetrofosmin single photon emission computed tomography ...
Lin Shoa-Lin - - 2006
Real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) has the potential to evaluate myocardial perfusion and wall motion (WM) simultaneously. The purposes of this study were to correlate the diagnostic value of MCE with radionuclide single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and to assess the sensitivity and specificity of real-time MCE in detecting coronary ...
Samady Habib - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that fractional flow reserve (FFR) of an infarct-related artery (IRA) early after myocardial infarction (MI) identifies inducible ischemia on noninvasive imaging. BACKGROUND: Early after MI, IRAs frequently have angiographically indeterminant lesions. Whether FFR can detect reversible perfusion defects early after MI when dynamic microvascular abnormalities are present ...
Tanaka Ryo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the usefulness of 99mTc-sestamibi (MIBI) delayed imaging in the assessment of the severity of myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary artery stenosis. METHODS: Forty-three angina pectoris with coronary stenosis of greater than 75% were enrolled in this study. Myocardial perfusion SPECT ...
Kakhki Vahidreza Dabbagh - - 2006
We present the case report of a 72-y-old woman who underwent (99m)Tc-sestamibi gated myocardial perfusion SPECT with a 2-d protocol. SPECT images revealed ischemia of the apical, anteroapical, apicoseptal, and septal walls. Postdipyridamole gated SPECT revealed significant deterioration in the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), wall motion, and systolic wall ...
Takeda Tohoru - - 2006
In myocardial SPECT imaging with the popularly used 99mTc-sestamibi and 99mTc-tetrofosmin, intense liver uptake leads to a paradoxical decrease of counts in the absence of perfusion abnormalities, making it difficult to assess myocardial perfusion, particularly in the inferior or inferoapical left ventricular wall. 99mTc-N-DBODC5, which is a new lipophilic, mono-cationic ...
Henneman M M - - 2006
To evaluate a comprehensive multislice computed tomography (MSCT) protocol in patients with previous infarction, including assessment of coronary artery stenoses, left ventricular (LV) function and perfusion. 16-slice MSCT was performed in 21 patients with previous infarction; from the MSCT data, coronary artery stenoses, (regional and global) LV function and perfusion ...
Sörensen Jens - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Positron emission tomography (PET) with [15O]-H2O-PET (WAT-PET) or [11C]-acetate (AC-PET) quantifies myocardial perfusion and oxidative metabolism, but routine clinical use is hampered by the need for additional investigations to assess cardiac performance. OBJECTIVE: To apply classical tracer kinetics to dynamic PET could provide important haemodynamic parameters. METHODS: First-pass PET ...
Dwivedi Girish - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Detection of residual infarct-related artery (IRA) stenosis and multivessel disease (MVD) after thrombolysis has important therapeutic and prognostic implications. Technetium 99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is used for detection of flow-limiting coronary artery disease (CAD). Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) is a new technique developed to assess ...
Hayat Sajad A - - 2006
Contrast-enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has been shown to accurately assess transmural extent of infarction, which is an excellent predictor of long-term improvement in contractile function. We assessed the relative accuracy of myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to predict transmural extent of infarction after ...
Zhang Wei-Ting WT Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA, and Harvard Medical School, Bldg 149 (2301), 13th Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA. - - 2006
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has become a powerful tool for studying the normal and diseased human brain. The application of fMRI in detecting neuronal signals in the trigeminal system, however, has been hindered by low detection sensitivity due to activation artifacts caused by cardiac pulse-induced brain and brainstem movement. ...
Shirasaki Haruhisa - - 2006
PURPOSE: Although preserved glucose metabolism is considered to be a marker of myocardial viability in the chronic stage, it has not been fully elucidated whether this is also true with regard to reperfused acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of(99m)Tc-tetrofosmin SPECT ...
Ling Lieng H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Detection of viable myocardium (VM) has important therapeutic implications for chronic ischemic left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. We compared the ability of nitroglycerin-dobutamine echocardiography (NTG-DE), intracoronary myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE), and rest-redistribution thallium 201 single-photon emission computed tomography (RRT-SPECT) to detect VM in this setting. METHODS: Patients with LV ...
Saadah Mohammed A - - 2006
Homocysteine is a sulfurated amino acid with a central role in the metabolism of thiol compounds. Homocystinemia is a recognized independent potentially remediable risk factor for vascular disease. It is associated with both macro and micro vascular ischemic stroke. It can often be normalized by polyvitamin therapy. This inexpensive and ...
Kaneta Tomohiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Positron emission tomography (PET) with fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is widely used for evaluation of cancer and ischemic heart disease. Recently, increased myocardial FDG uptake has been reported to be related to some types of heart disease, such as sarcoidosis. However, the physiological increased FDG uptake in the heart often mimics ...
Khalil Magdy Mohamed - - 2006
AIM: To compare the quantitative algorithms Emory Cardiac Toolbox (ECTb), quantitative gated SPECT (QGS), layer of maximum counts (LMC), and left ventricular global thickening fraction (LVGTF) using gated myocardial tomography in the calculation of the left ventricular ejection fraction using the regression without truth (RWT) technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-four ...
Kusuoka Hideo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT is widely applied to diagnose ischemic heart disease, and such findings are useful to predict patient prognosis. However, Japan does not have a database that correlates SPECT image findings with the prognosis of patients who have ischemic heart disease. METHODS: A large-scale clinical study involving ...
Beeres Saskia L M A - - 2006
Intramyocardial injection of bone marrow cells has been proposed as a new therapeutic option for patients with chronic ischemic heart disease. We investigated whether autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell injection into the myocardium of patients with drug-refractory ischemia reduces anginal symptoms, improves left ventricular (LV) function, increases myocardial perfusion, and ...
Sermsappasuk Pakawadee - - 2006
The distribution kinetics of the highly lipophilic antiarrhythmic agent amiodarone is not well understood. The purpose of the present investigation was to develop a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model to describe cardiac uptake and the negative inotropic effect of amiodarone in the isolated perfused rat heart. Amiodarone (10 microM) was infused for ...
Lima Ronaldo S L - - 2006
Abnormal heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise has been associated with increased cardiac mortality. The ability of gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to evaluate myocardial perfusion and function simultaneously might make it helpful in determining possible mechanisms that are involved in this finding. This study investigated the ...
Slart Riemer H J A - - 2006
PURPOSE: (18)F-FDG PET is an important modality for myocardial viability assessment in patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Dual-isotope simultaneous acquisition (DISA) SPECT may be an alternative to PET. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of PET and DISA SPECT for the prediction of improvement ...
Acton Paul D - - 2006
Small animal imaging of cardiovascular disease using single photon emission tomography (SPECT) can be used to provide quantitative measurements of myocardial infarct. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the accuracy of pinhole SPECT imaging with [99mTc]sestamibi for estimation of infarct size in a rat model of coronary artery ...
Slart Riemer H J A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, cardiac fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake is combined with regional perfusion for optimal evaluation of viability. Gated FDG-positron emission tomography (PET) may be an alternative technique for detection of viability because it permits combined assessment of glucose metabolism uptake and wall thickening (WT). In this study the value of FDG ...
Hung Guang-Uei - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Vasodilator stress on myocardial perfusion imaging has been found to induce ischemic stunning, which may present as transient worsening of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) or regional wall motion abnormality. This study aimed to evaluate the significance of stress-induced worsening of LVEF in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease ...
Fujimoto Shinichiro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The predictors and lesion morphology of patients with ischemic heart disease testing false negative results in stress myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Subjects were 58 consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiography (CAG), even though they showed normal findings in stress myocardial perfusion ...
Huber Armin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of imaging the myocardium with a fast multislice inversion recovery 2D single-shot true fast imaging with steady-state precession (trueFISP) sequence during a single breath-hold in comparison with an established segmented inversion recovery turbo fast low-angle shot (turboFLASH) sequence. ...
Yamanaka Hiroyuki - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relationship between the mismatch of thallium-201(Tl) and iodine-123-beta-methyl-iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) myocardial single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and autonomic nervous system activity in myocardial infarction (MI) patients. The subjects were 40 patients (34 males, 6 females) who underwent examinations by 123I-BMIPP and ...
Nakano Masatsugu - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To study the relationship between lesion vessel area and myocardial salvage assessed by myocardial single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in acute myocardial infarction with stenting after thrombectomy. METHODS: This study included 71 patients who underwent stenting after thrombectomy for acute myocardial infarction. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) was performed after ...
Hirata Kumiko - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Noninvasive methods that have the ability to accurately detect restenosis have been desired in the selection of patients requiring further angiographic evaluation. The present study sought to evaluate the diagnostic potential of transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE), a noninvasive method for evaluating coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR), in detecting restenosis ...
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