Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1752
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Giordano Alessandro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increased sympathetic drive to the heart might contribute to the development and progression of myocardial damage in hypertensive patients (HTs). This study assessed the possible presence of abnormalities in myocardial uptake of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG), a marker of sympathetic activity, in HTs with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). METHODS: Eleven HTs ...
Lodge Martin A - - 2007
Noninvasive quantitative measurement of myocardial perfusion has played an important role in cardiac research and also has potential applications in clinical imaging. Positron emission tomography (PET) methods for measuring absolute perfusion are well established, although the need for an on-site cyclotron has restricted its use to a limited number of ...
Matsuo Shinro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Technetium 99m sestamibi (MIBI) is a technetium-labeled myocardial perfusion agent that is taken up by the myocardial cell in proportion to myocardial regional blood flow and remains fixed in the myocardial cell over a long period of time. Previous studies have suggested that MIBI shows very slow myocardial clearance ...
Hawkins M - - 2007
Thymoma is an uncommon tumour, which is often asymptomatic and may be detected coincidentally on cross-sectional imaging performed for other reasons. We report a case of thymoma detected on myocardial scintigraphy performed for suspected coronary artery disease. Extracardiac pathology may be suggested by abnormal non-cardiac tracer uptake on myocardial scintigraphy. ...
Asghar Asghar Hussain - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Gated Single Photon Emission Computerized Tomography (SPECT) is a modality which is helpful in the detection of wall motion, thickening and ejection fraction of left ventricle. The purpose of this study was to correlate the ungated and gated SPECT in evaluation of left ventricle dysfunction. METHOD: It was a ...
van der Weerdt Arno P - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the quantitative and qualitative accuracy of 3D PET acquisitions for myocardial FDG studies. METHODS: Phantom studies were performed with both a homogeneous and an inhomogeneous phantom. Activity profiles were generated along the phantoms using 2D and several 3D reconstructions, varying ...
Rispler Shmuel - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the physiologic significance of coronary artery lesions with an integrated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) device. BACKGROUND: Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with SPECT is of value for assessing the physiologic significance of coronary lesions. Computed ...
Wei Lingge - - 2007
PURPOSE: The present study was performed to assess stress-related left ventricular (LV) function variations in various patient groups and to determine if they were affected by sex or the type of stress experienced. We used thallium (Tl)-201 gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for the analysis. MATERIALS AND ...
Higuchi Takahiro - - 2007
The combination of small-animal PET and MRI data provides quantitative in vivo insights into cardiac pathophysiology, integrating information on biology and morphology. We sought to determine the feasibility of PET and MRI for the quantification of ischemic injury in the rat model. METHODS: Fourteen healthy male Wistar rats were studied ...
Gaemperli Oliver - - 2007
PURPOSE: Combining the functional information of SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) and the morphological information of coronary CT angiography (CTA) may allow easier evaluation of the spatial relationship between coronary stenoses and perfusion defects. The aim of the present study was the validation of a novel software solution for three-dimensional ...
Stegger Lars - - 2007
PURPOSE: The segmentation algorithm ESM based on an elastic surface model was validated for the assessment of left ventricular volumes and ejection fraction from ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT. Additionally, it was compared with the commercially available quantification packages 4D-MSPECT and QGS. Cardiac MRI was used as the reference method. METHODS: ...
Gholamrezanezhad Ali - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) is a major determinant of survival in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Comparative accuracy of numerous modalities in calculating EF is not well investigated. METHOD: We compared EF as calculated by rest and post-stress Cedars automated quantitative gated SPECT (AQGS), rest and post-stress ...
Fieno David S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Rest and rest-redistribution thallium 201 myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) (MPS) has been incompletely validated in patients for determination of the total amount of scarred myocardium. We sought to determine whether rest or redistribution Tl-201 MPS provides an accurate determination of infarct size as defined by ...
America Yves G C J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of quantitative gated technetium 99m tetrofosmin single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB). METHODS AND RESULTS: We followed up 101 consecutive patients with LBBB using Tc-99m tetrofosmin gated SPECT imaging. ...
Candell-Riera J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of myocardial perfusion gated SPECT in patients with symptomatic intracranial large-artery atherosclerosis (ILA). METHODS: Seventy-two consecutive first-ever symptomatic ILA patients without known heart disease underwent a stress myocardial perfusion gated SPECT, and long-term follow-up was conducted thereafter. RESULTS: During an average follow-up ...
Feola Mauro - - 2007
Delayed-enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI) has been recently proposed as an alternative tool in identifying myocardial viability and transmural distribution of necrosis in the myocardium. We describe a case of a 71-year-old man admitted for ischemic-like chest pain in which DE-MRI and post-nitrate 99mTc-tetrofosmin myocardial scintigraphy equally contributed to the ...
Peñuelas I - - 2007
Strategies to establish the functional benefit of cell therapy in cardiac regeneration and the potential mechanism are needed. Development of a semi-quantitative method for non invasive assessment of cardiac viability and function in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI) based on the use of microPET. Ten rats were subjected ...
Ibrahim Tareq - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for detection of myocardial necrosis after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Single-photon emission computed tomography is widely accepted in the clinical setting for detection and estimation of myocardial infarction. ...
Sorrentino Anna Rita - - 2007
PURPOSE: We compared the prognostic value of 99mTc-tetrofosmin single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) after nitrate administration and positron emission tomography (PET) with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in patients with ischaemic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with previous myocardial infarction and LV dysfunction (LV ejection fraction 33 +/- 10%) underwent 99mTc-tetrofosmin ...
Pessoa Pinheiro M C - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of cardiac sympathetic innervation in patients whose clinical features consisted of chest pain, transient ST-segment elevation, left ventricular apical akinesis, minimal elevation of cardiac enzymes, and onset of symptoms shortly after a severe stress condition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five female patients, mean age 67+/-14 years, ...
Stegger Lars - - 2006
Reliable, repeatable, and time-efficient noninvasive measurement of infarct size in mice with PET would benefit studies aimed at the exploration of biochemical and functional changes associated with acute myocardial infarction (MI). PET with the radioactively labeled glucose derivative (18)F-FDG is used in humans to distinguish between viable but dysfunctional and ...
Beamish J - - 2006
We report the case of a 14-year-old boy who developed Kawasaki disease at 5 months of age. The patient developed severe aneurysmal disease of both the left and right coronary arteries. He eventually developed total calcified occlusion of the right coronary artery despite long-term treatment with aspirin. Catheterisation showed no ...
Hatada Kengo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Technetium 99m N-DBODC5 is a new myocardial perfusion tracer shown to exhibit high heart uptake and rapid liver clearance in normal rats. The objectives of this canine study were (1) to compare the organ biodistribution and myocardial uptake, washout, and redistribution kinetics of Tc-99m N-DBODC5 with Tc-99m sestamibi over ...
Adamikova Alena - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Abnormal values of the transient ischemic dilation ratio (TID) according to an exercise myocardial SPECT are linked to severe coronary artery disease. The authors investigated the relationship between TID and the levels of VCAM, ICAM, E-selectin, microalbuminuria, intima-media thickness and HbA(1c) of diabetic subjects. METHODS: We observed 38 subjects ...
Naum Alexandru - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study sought to evaluate an imaging approach using [15O]H2O and positron emission tomography (PET) for simultaneous assessment of myocardial perfusion, cardiac function and lung water content as a potential indicator of pulmonary oedema. METHODS: Twenty-six subjects divided into two groups (group I, 13 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy; ...
Vianna Caio B - - 2007
Myocardial bridging is a common and usually benign inborn coronary anomaly. We report on a 51-year-old man who presented with recent angina on minimum physical effort. Cineangiography showed myocardial bridging of the mid-left anterior descending artery (LAD), and intracoronary ultrasonography excluded atherosclerotic disease. Gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), with ...
Wiggers Henrik - - 2006
It is unknown whether human chronically ischemic dysfunctional myocardium degenerates over time or adapts to chronic ischemia. We studied whether perfusion, metabolism, and contractile function and reserve can be preserved in nonrevascularized human chronically stunned and hibernating myocardium. We studied 16 event-free, medically treated patients with ejection fractions of 31 ...
Basic Doris - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the prognostic value of myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in patients with known or suggested coronary artery disease compared with technetium-99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)-myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of SPECT-MPI is well established for patients with coronary artery disease. ...
Shimizu Yasuhiro - - 2006
We assessed the usefulness of (201)thallous chloride (TlCl)/(123)I-beta-methyl iodophenyl pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) dual-isotope single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to identify the "no-reflow phenomenon," defined as inadequate myocardial perfusion through a given segment of the coronary circulation without angiographic evidence of mechanical vessel obstruction. (201)TlCl/(123)I-BMIPP SPECT was performed in 73 patients ...
Roelants Véronique - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We determined the value of attenuation correction (AC) of myocardial perfusion estimation with (99m)Tc-MIBI SPECT in overweight patients by comparison of uncorrected (filtered back-projection (FBP) and corrected (an iterative algorithm with a measured attenuation coefficients map (FL-AC)) (99m)Tc-MIBI relative uptake to perfusion data obtained in the same patients with ...
Kumita Shin-ichiro - - 2006
Erectrocardiogram (ECG)-gated myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) can be used to assess myocardial perfusion and left ventricular function simultaneously. Various clinical applications of gated SPECT and their usefulness have been reported. The functional variables that can be determined with gated SPECT have been limited to systolic indices. ...
de Vries Jessica - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The combination of angina pectoris, angiographically normal coronary arteries, and a positive exercise stress test (EST) is referred to as cardiac syndrome X. However, a large group of patients suspected of syndrome X reveals a normal exercise stress test and weakens the diagnosis of syndrome X. Previous studies demonstrated ...
Hansen Christopher L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Breast attenuation artifact is well known for reducing the accuracy of myocardial perfusion imaging in women. We have noticed the particular pattern of relative preservation of apical activity in women with breast attenuation and decreased anterior wall counts. This study was undertaken to see if this finding could be ...
Efstratiadis G - - 2006
Magnesium depletion in clinical practice is mainly related to loop diuretics and thiazides. Among patients treated with diuretics more than 1/3 exhibit hypomagnesa. Arrhythmias and sudden death attributed to magnesium depletion could be prevented by Mg administration. Magnesium deficiency in experimental animals promotes atherosclerotic lesions whereas this ion is involved ...
Firschke Christian - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We sought to evaluate the role of adenosine myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) for the determination of functional relevance of coronary stenoses with intermediate angiographic severity and compared the results to single photon imaging (SPECT). We hypothezised that sole assessment of myocardial blood volume changes during adenosine on MCE would ...
Fukuchi K - - 2007
Increased 18fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in the myocardium is frequently observed while performing clinical positron emission tomography (PET) body scans for oncology under fasting conditions. This article reviews the normal variations and abnormal appearances of myocardial FDG accumulation which are likely to be encountered in the routine PET studies. Knowledge about ...
Shaw Leslee J - - 2006
AIMS: Technological advances in cardiac imaging have led to dramatic increases in test utilization and consumption of a growing proportion of cardiovascular healthcare costs. The opportunity costs of strategies favouring exercise echocardiography or SPECT imaging have been incompletely evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined prognosis and cost-effectiveness of exercise echocardiography ...
Chun Kyung Ah - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), a potent and inexpensive coronary vasodilator, was introduced as a pharmacologic stress agent for thallium 201 single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). However, there has been no direct comparison of ATP and adenosine as myocardial stressors in the same subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-six patients underwent ...
Arrighi James A - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The assessment of myocardial viability provides important information that may guide therapeutic decisions in patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction. This review describes methods for assessing myocardial viability using single-photon emission computed tomography, with an emphasis on how to optimize the detection of viable ...
Kowalski Marcin - - 2006
Transient ischemic dilatation (TID) of the left ventricle observed during single photon myocardial perfusion emission computed tomography (SPECT) is an important non-perfusion finding that may not only suggest underlying significant (usually multi-vessel) coronary artery disease (CAD) but also an independent prognostic factor of adverse outcomes regardless of abnormal or normal ...
Hage Fadi G - - 2006
Most patients with ST depression during adenosine infusion have reversible perfusion defects by single-photon emission computed tomographic (SPECT) perfusion images. Occasionally ST depression is observed in the setting of normal perfusion images. The outcome of such patients is controversial. We identified 65 patients who underwent gated SPECT perfusion imaging with ...
Afzal Muhammad Shehzad - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of gated Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) for accurate assessment of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) of patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB). DESIGN: Analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Punjab Institute of Nuclear Medicine (PINUM), Faisalabad, Pakistan, from June 2002 to April ...
Kamiya Masataka - - 2006
A 54-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for evaluation of chest pain occurring at rest in the morning. ST segment depression was observed during a treadmill exercise test. Coronary angiography identified spontaneous spasm of the proximal right coronary artery, and right coronary obstruction was improved from 90% to about ...
Zupán Kristóf - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the value of a myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) reference file for patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB). METHODS AND RESULTS: Tl-201 stress-redistribution myocardial perfusion SPECT studies of patients with complete, permanent LBBB were reviewed retrospectively. To ...
Ward R Parker - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Postischemic global and regional left ventricular (LV) dysfunction on stress-gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging is attributed widely to myocardial stunning. We sought to determine the specificity of gated SPECT for the detection of myocardial stunning after ischemic stress. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients with an ischemic ...
Chareonthaitawee Panithaya - - 2006
PET absolute myocardial blood flow (MBF) with H(2)15O and 13NH3 are widely used in clinical and research settings. However, their reproducibility with a 16-myocardial segment model has not been examined in chronic coronary artery disease (CAD). We examined the short-term reproducibility of PET H(2)15O MBF and PET 13NH3 MBF in ...
Reyes Eliana - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Thallium 201, technetium 99m sestamibi (MIBI), and Tc-99m tetrofosmin differ in their myocardial uptake characteristics. This may make the technetium tracers less sensitive for detecting mild to moderate coronary stenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 163 patients with angiographic mild to moderate stenosis (50%-89%) and coexistent severe disease (88/163 ...
Polizos George - - 2006
We evaluated the value of upsloping ST-segment depression in predicting the severity of myocardial ischemia. Comparison of the exercise electrocardiographic changes was made to myocardial perfusion images and coronary angiograms as the criteria for ischemia. We retrospectively reviewed 621 patients who underwent exercise technetium-99m tetrofosmin single photon emission computed tomography ...
Lin Shoa-Lin - - 2006
Real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) has the potential to evaluate myocardial perfusion and wall motion (WM) simultaneously. The purposes of this study were to correlate the diagnostic value of MCE with radionuclide single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and to assess the sensitivity and specificity of real-time MCE in detecting coronary ...
Samady Habib - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that fractional flow reserve (FFR) of an infarct-related artery (IRA) early after myocardial infarction (MI) identifies inducible ischemia on noninvasive imaging. BACKGROUND: Early after MI, IRAs frequently have angiographically indeterminant lesions. Whether FFR can detect reversible perfusion defects early after MI when dynamic microvascular abnormalities are present ...
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