Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1760
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Hayat S A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the cardiac effects of left bundle-branch block (LBBB) using myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) to ascertain the value of MCE for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) and to uncover the mechanism that affects the accuracy of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in these patients. METHODS AND ...
Chan Mark Y - - 2008
AIMS: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have high cardiovascular risk. Although stress imaging provides accurate risk estimation in this population, it is unknown if combinatorial cardiac imaging adds incremental value. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed transthoracic echocardiography and stress single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to assess their value ...
Kalinowski Leszek - - 2008
The alphavbeta3-integrin is expressed in angiogenic vessels in response to hypoxia and represents a potential novel target for imaging myocardial angiogenesis. This study evaluated the feasibility of noninvasively tracking hypoxia-induced alphavbeta3-integrin activation within the myocardium as a marker of angiogenesis early after myocardial infarction. Acute myocardial infarction was produced by ...
Isaaz Karl - - 2008
AIMS: The authors tested the value of stress single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging performed systematically for detecting angiographic restenosis in asymptomatic patients who underwent direct percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Angiographic restenosis of the infarct-related artery after direct PCI for STEMI is ...
Pompilio G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSC) may represent a viable option for patients with myocardial ischemia refractory to conventional treatments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 5 patients (4 males and 1 female, mean age 64 +/- 8 years) with untreatable angina pectoris (Canadian Cardiovascular Society Class III/IV), myocardial segments with stress-induced ...
Kong Grace - - 2008
PURPOSE: We assessed whether a same day rest/stress gated Tc-99m sestamibi (MIBI) SPECT myocardial study underestimates reversible ischemia in patients with fixed perfusion defects compared with a 24-hour thallium-201 (Tl-201) study. The short- and intermediate-term outcome with or without Tl-201 reversibility was assessed. METHODS: Forty-nine consecutive patients with fixed MIBI ...
Demir Hakan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac syndrome X defines patients with typical angina, a positive exercise ECG stress test and angiographically documented normal coronary arteries. In previous studies, post-stress prolonged left ventricular dysfunction (PLVD) using gated SPECT (G-SPECT) had been well correlated with myocardial perfusion abnormalities and degree of stenotic vessels in CAG in ...
Romero-Farina Guillermo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A divergent pattern (DP) of the left ventricle (LV) is an expression of apical remodeling in myocardial perfusion gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). METHODS AND RESULTS: We consecutively studied 156 patients (mean age, 63 years; 24 women) with ICM (LV ejection fraction, ...
Chiou Kuan-Rau - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent studies revealed that multidetector computed tomography late enhancement (MDCT-LE) is a reliable technique for detecting necrotic and scarred myocardial tissue. The aims of the study were to identify infarcted myocardium using MDCT-LE protocol in patients after myocardial infarction (MI) and assess viability in resting wall motion abnormalities. METHODS: ...
Higuchi Takahiro - - 2008
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of a new positron emission tomography (PET) imaging approach using an (18)F-labelled alpha(v)beta(3) integrin antagonist ((18)F-Galacto-RGD) to monitor the integrin expression after myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Male Wister rats were subjected to 20 min transient left coronary artery ...
Nishimura Masato - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the potential of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to predict cardiac death in chronic hemodialysis patients using the iodinated fatty acid analogue iodine-123 123I-beta-methyl iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP). BACKGROUND: We previously reported that BMIPP SPECT could detect asymptomatic coronary artery disease with high sensitivity in ...
Henneman Maureen M - - 2008
The aim of the study was to evaluate the performance of multislice computed tomography (MSCT) for the detection and semiquantitative analysis of healed myocardial infarct in comparison to single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Recently, MSCT was shown to allow detection of myocardial infarct by the presence of hypoenhanced areas. However, ...
Tateno Masaru - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Supportive features in the diagnostic criteria for dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) include occipital hypoperfusion and decreased cardiac uptake of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG). In this study, we performed both brain perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and MIBG myocardial scintigraphy in the same subjects and evaluated their sensitivity to ...
Ramos Mark - - 2008
The identification of myocardial viability in patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) has important clinical and prognostic implications. Two terms commonly used to define clinical conditions of potentially reversible contractile dysfunction are stunned myocardium and hibernating myocardium. Stunned myocardium refers to transient depression of contractile function ...
Kusuoka Hideo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for acute myocardial infarction. Thus, a surveillance study was conducted as part of studies to create a national database related to electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of ischemic heart disease. METHODS: Single-photon emission computed tomography was conducted in ...
Matsuo Shinro - - 2008
A 49-year-old woman was admitted to hospital because of heart failure. She was diagnosed as having mitochondrial cardiomyopathy and diabetes mellitus. Echocardiography revealed a hypertrophic and poorly contracting left ventricle. A diagnosis of mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes was established by muscle biopsy. She underwent technetium-99m-sestamibi ((99m)Tc-MIBI) ...
Zheng Yi - - 2008
Left ventricular electromechanical mapping (EMM) determines myocardial viability on the basis of endocardial electrograms. The aim of the present study was to validate EMM in differentiating infarcted myocardium from viable myocardium by histopathological analysis. Sixty days after implanting an ameroid constrictor over the left circumflex artery to create chronic ischemia ...
Askew J Wells JW Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2008
To determine whether asymptomatic patients with atherosclerosis, indicated by the presence of coronary artery calcium on electron beam computed tomography, are at enough risk for progression of disease to justify a repeated stress single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) examination after an initial normal to low-risk perfusion study. We retrospectively identified ...
Husmann Lars - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) by positron emission tomography (PET) with the diagnostic accuracy of MPI by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in two comparable patient cohorts, using coronary angiography (CA) as the standard of reference. METHODS: ...
Fonge Humphrey - - 2008
AIMS: Mono-[(123)I]iodohypericin ([(123)I]MIH) has been reported to have high avidity for necrosis. In the present study, by using rabbit models of acute myocardial infarction, we explored the suitability of [(123)I]MIH micro single photon emission computed tomography (microSPECT) for non-invasive visualization of myocardial infarcts in comparison with [(13)N]ammonia micro positron emission ...
Sotgia Barbara - - 2008
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that, because of persistent stunning, the extent of post-treatment functional abnormalities detected using gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) could be representative of the initial risk area in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated by reperfusion therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 48 AMI patients, we acquired two 99mTc-sestamibi ...
Siegrist Patrick T - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to determine the impact of 13N-ammonia positron emission tomography (PET) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) on clinical decision making and its cost-effectiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients (28 women, 72 men; mean age 60.9 +/- 12.0 years; range 24-85 years) underwent 13N-ammonia ...
Gedik Gonca Kara - - 2007
The authors describe the incidence and various uptake patterns of Tc-99m sestamibi (MIBI) in the extracardiac area due to unusual causes on myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies. Seven patients are presented in whom incidental extracardiac findings were observed during the interpretation of the raw data besides ...
Huber Armin - - 2007
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We sought to show that phase-sensitive detection and a single-shot technique allow imaging of the heart for detection of myocardial infarction during a single breathhold without adaptation of the inversion time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients at 2 weeks to 3 months after Q-wave myocardial infarction were ...
Plössl Karl - - 2008
The development of new myocardial perfusion imaging agents for positron emission tomography (PET) may improve the resolution and quantitation of changes in regional myocardial perfusion measurement. It is known that a (68)Ge/(68)Ga generator can provide a convenient source of PET tracers because of the long physical half-life of (68)Ge (271 ...
Rosendahl Lene - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging depicts scar in the left ventricle which can be quantitatively measured. Manual segmentation and scar determination is time consuming. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a software for infarct quantification, to compare with manual scar determination, and to measure the time saved. ...
Hernández Rodolfo - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of death in the United Kingdom, accounting for more than 120,000 deaths in 2001, among the highest rates in the world. This study reports an economic evaluation of single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (SPECT) for ...
Acampa Wanda - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We determined the impact of viability assessment by nitrate single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) on cardiac events during long-term follow-up in patients with previous myocardial infarction, impaired left ventricular (LV) function, and no evidence of inducible ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sestamibi SPECT after nitrate was performed in 93 medically ...
Burgdorf Christof - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Excess sympathetic nervous activity was proposed to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of transient left-ventricular apical ballooning (TLVAB, also known as Tako-Tsubo cardiomyopathy). This study was conducted to assess presynaptic adrenergic alterations in the dysfunctional myocardium of patients with TLVAB. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ten consecutive patients undergoing ...
Seyfeli Ergun - - 2007
Myocardial blush grade (MBG) is used to assess myocardial perfusion in the infarcted myocardium. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the analysis of myocardial blush grade after resolution of the acute phase of myocardial infarction is useful for assessing myocardial viability. The present study is consisted of ...
Matsumoto Naoya - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of rest 201Tl/stress (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for the prediction of future hard cardiac events, including acute myocardial infarction (AMI), unstable angina (UAP) and cardiac death, and the implications for risk stratification has not yet been defined in a Japanese population. METHODS ...
Futamatsu Hideki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiac MRI (cMRI) perfusion is a promising non-invasive tool to assess myocardial ischemia. The accuracy of quantitative cMRI perfusion has been recently demonstrated, but to date no previous study has compared this technique with stress single-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic ...
Schindler Thomas H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of a positron emission tomography (PET)-measured heterogeneity in longitudinal myocardial blood flow (MBF) during cold pressor testing (CPT) and global MBF response to CPT from rest (DeltaMBF) for identification of coronary vasomotor dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 35 patients CPT-induced alterations in ...
Okizaki Atsutaka - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the myocardial fatty acid metabolism in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) from dynamic SPECT through a compartment model analysis. METHODS: Twenty-four normal controls, seven patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) due to essential hypertension (eHT), and 30 patients with HCM were ...
Kanayama Sugako - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare global and regional left ventricular function in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), obtained by use of Cedars-Sinai quantitative gated single photon emission computed tomography (QGS), for gated nitrogen 13 ammonia (NH(3)) positron emission tomography (PET) and technetium 99m sestamibi (MIBI) ...
Koszegi Zsolt - - 2007
Polar map display (PM) is a comprehensive interpretation of the left ventricle. This is a non-rigid registration of the left ventricle originally for the visual and quantitative analysis of tomographic myocardial perfusion scintigrams. In this scheme the maximal-count circumferential profiles of well-defined short- and long-axis planes are plotted to a ...
De Boeck Bart W L - - 2008
Because it can accurately detect preserved glucose metabolism even in the hypoperfused or stunned myocardium, 18-FDG-PET is considered as the gold standard of myocardial viability assessment. In tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy, a presumed condition of stunning, absence of glucose metabolism however is not a marker of death. This sheds a critical light ...
Heintz Anke C - - 2007
PURPOSE: In an effort to develop 99mTc-labelled fatty acids (FAs) for myocardial metabolism and flow imaging, several Tc analogues according to the '3+1' and the '4+1' mixed-ligand approach were synthesized and myocardial extraction was evaluated in non-working isolated guinea pig hearts. An example of biodistribution patterns in guinea pigs was ...
Abuhid Ivana Moura - - 2007
A 74-year-old man with a history of diabetes and arterial hypertension, presented with right ventricular failure, remarkable jugular venous distension, hepatomegaly, and swelling of the lower extremities. He was complaining of atypical chest pain and was referred for an echocardiogram and a myocardial perfusion SPECT imaging study. The echocardiogram showed ...
Djaballah Wassila - - 2007
PURPOSE: Reperfusion of myocardial infarction (MI) leads to a reversible dysfunction of coronary vessels. We hypothesised that vasodilating drugs such as nitrates might improve sestamibi uptake within viable areas of recently reperfused MI, thereby enhancing prediction of subsequent improvements in perfusion and contractility. This study was aimed at assessing nitrate-enhanced ...
Ferro Adele - - 2007
Interpretive variability of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and stress single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) has been previously investigated. However, no study has directly compared the variability of these techniques in the same patient population. We directly compared the interpretive reproducibility of DSE and stress SPECT in patients undergoing both types ...
A.I. Neshandar, M.A. Porpiranfar, ...
The aim of this study was to assess the value of the Cavity-to-Myocardium count ratio (CM ratio) calculated in the resting <SUP align=right><SMALL>99m</SMALL></SUP>Tc-Sestamibi SPECT images to identify myocardial functioning status and recovery of myocardial function in patients with acute myocardial insult who have received thrombolytic therapy. The study demonstrates that ...
Alfakih Khaled - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively compare a selective short axis slice positioning method (selective 3-of-5) used in combination with a single long-axis slice, to the conventional short axis multi-slice technique in the assessment of myocardial viability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one patients with recent or chronic ST segment elevation myocardial infarct (STEMI) were ...
Bucerius Jan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: As single-head data acquisition for thallium-201 myocardial SPECT is a frequently used method mainly in the outpatient medical care as well as in smaller hospitals, comparison to dual-head data collection is a still discussed issue mainly with regard to quality control and -assurance. METHODS: A total of 1334 patients ...
Berman Daniel S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There have been limited data regarding the value of gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) for the detection of left main coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 101 patients with angiographic left main CAD (> or = 50% stenosis) and no ...
Merhige Michael E - - 2007
We hypothesized that PET myocardial perfusion imaging with (82)Rb (PET MPI), would reduce downstream utilization of diagnostic arteriography, compared with SPECT, in patients matched for pretest likelihood of coronary disease (pCAD). PET MPI is more accurate for assessment of impaired coronary flow reserve compared with SPECT MPI, potentially reducing the ...
Peovska I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of myocardial viability is an important preoperative parameter, predictive of improvement in regional and global left ventricular (LV) function after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). However, whether the presence of viability is also associated with relief of heart failure symptoms after revascularization is not always certain. The ...
Wu Yen-Wen - - 2007
Revascularization of viable myocardial segments has been shown to improve left ventricular (LV) function and long-term prognosis; however, the surgical risk is comparatively higher in patients with a low ejection fraction (EF). We compared contrast-enhanced MRI with (18)F-FDG PET/(201)Tl SPECT for myocardial viability and prediction of early functional outcome in ...
Kakhki Vahid Reza Dabbagh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The definition of an abnormal transient ischemic dilation (TID) ratio may be different according to stress type, type of isotope, and imaging protocols. The aim of this study was to derive the normal threshold and assessment of the TID ratio via 2-day dipyridamole stress/rest technetium 99m sestamibi myocardial perfusion ...
Massardo Teresa - - 2007
PURPOSE: Accurate assessment of ventricular function is required to optimize therapeutic management of cardiac diseases. The aim of this study was to correlate planar equilibrium multigated acquisition (MUGA) with tomographic ventriculography (SPECT) in patients with diverse volumes and wall motion abnormalities. METHODS: Eighty-three studies in 80 patients (56+/-14 years; 56% ...
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