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Kino Aya - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare a navigator gated free breathing 3D Phase Sensitive Inversion Recovery (PSIR) TurboFLASH to an established 2D PSIR TurboFLASH method for detecting myocardial late gadolinium hyperenhanced lesions caused by infiltrative and non-ischemic cardiomyopathy. Under an IRB approved protocol; patients with suspected non-ischemic infiltrative ...
Mathur Shishir - - 2010
The prognostic value of a blunted heart rate response (BHR) during ECG-gated vasodilator stress SPECT MPI in relation to ventricular function on long-term cardiovascular events is not well established. We performed this study to evaluate the incremental prognostic value of BHR during pharmacological stress SPECT MPI. Consecutive patients who underwent ...
Kudoh Hirokazu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Early diagnosis and initiating treatment of cardiac sarcoidosis are essential because cardiac involvement is an important prognostic factor. Although there are many reports on the diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis, the literature on predicting the efficacy of steroid therapy is very limited. The purposes of this study were to investigate ...
Sharir Tali - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This prospective, multicenter trial compared quantitative results of myocardial perfusion imaging and function using a high-speed single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) system with those obtained with conventional SPECT. BACKGROUND: A novel SPECT camera was shown in a pilot study to detect a similar amount of myocardial perfusion abnormality compared ...
Soneson Helen - - 2010
In order to determine myocardial salvage, accurate quantification of myocardium at risk (MaR) is necessary. We present a validated novel automatic segmentation algorithm for quantification of MaR by myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) in patients with acute coronary occlusion. Twenty-nine patients with coronary occlusion were injected with a perfusion tracer before ...
Schinkel Arend F L - - 2010
Left ventricular dysfunction in patients with chronic coronary artery disease may be a result of dysfunctional but viable myocardium due to myocardial hibernation. Coronary revascularisation may substantially improve regional and global left ventricular dysfunction and long-term survival if a substantial amount of dysfunctional but viable myocardium is present. Because coronary ...
Moralidis Efstratios - - 2010
This study aimed to determine systolic dysfunction and estimate resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) from information collected during routine evaluation of patients with suspected or known coronary heart disease. This approach was then compared to gated single photon emission tomography (SPET). Patients having undergone stress (201)Tl myocardial perfusion imaging ...
Gropler Robert J RJ Division of Radiological Sciences, Edward Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA. - - 2010
Myocardial metabolic remodeling is the process in which the heart loses its ability to utilize different substrates, becoming dependent primarily on the metabolism of a single substrate such as glucose or fatty acids for energy production. Myocardial metabolic remodeling is central to the pathogenesis of a variety of cardiac disease ...
Cheng W - - 2010
We compared coronary dual-source computed tomography angiography (corDSCTA) with technetium-99m single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for the detection of myocardial perfusion abnormalities. Fifty-five consecutive patients underwent both gated myocardial perfusion SPECT and corDSCTA, the latter during a single arterial-phase injection of contrast agent. The perfusion defects visualised by corDSCTA correlated ...
Miller T D - - 2010
Infarct size and myocardial salvage measured by technetium (Tc)-99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging have been applied as surrogate endpoints in clinical trials of acute myocardial infarction (MI). The major advantage of these endpoints over mortality is the ability to use much smaller sample sizes to compare ...
Pavlovic Smiljana - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic utility of gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) methoxy isobutyl isonitrile (MIBI) myocardial perfusion imaging and transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE) coronary flow reserve (CFR) to coronary angiography for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB). METHOD: Forty-three patients with ...
Knuuti J - - 2010
Myocardial ischemia and heart failure are accompanied by well characterized changes in myocardial substrate metabolism. While the normal heart in the fasting state mostly relies on oxidation of fatty acids for energy production, acute myocardial ischaemia is accompanied by increased exogenous myocardial glucose uptake and suppressed utilization of fatty acids. ...
Lu Fei - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate enoximone echocardiography (EE) for the identification of residual myocardial viability in postinfarction patients. Findings obtained during EE were compared with those acquired by myocardial uptake of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and functional follow-up results. METHODS: Twenty-five patients underwent ...
Saam Tobias - - 2010
PURPOSE: Measurements of [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake as a potential marker of the inflammatory activity of the vessel wall could be useful to identify vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques. The purpose of this study was to correlate the FDG uptake in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) with cardiovascular risk factors, pericardial ...
Li Dianfu D Division of Nuclear Cardiology, Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 300 Guangzhou Rd, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, China. - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to assess diagnostic performance of the current quantification packages using Western normal databases in detecting coronary artery disease in Chinese population. Seventy-five patients who underwent rest/stress myocardial perfusion SPECT and coronary angiography (CAG) were enrolled. Emory Cardiac Toolbox (ECTb) and Quantitative Perfusion SPECT (QPS) ...
Abdelmoneim Sahar S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate diagnostic accuracy of adenosine two-dimensional and three-dimensional myocardial contrast echocardiography (2D- and 3D-MCE) compared with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for assessing myocardial perfusion. METHODS: From January through August 2007, patients with known or suspected CAD who were referred for SPECT underwent simultaneous adenosine 2D-MCE and 3D-MCE ...
Murarka Shishir - - 2010
Recently, D shaped ventricle seen on gated SPECT imaging (Movahed's sign) has shown to correlate with right ventricular overload similar to the D shape ventricle seen on echocardiography. Right ventricle (RV) imaging during gated SPECT studies is challenging because of the low tracer uptake due to relatively smaller right ventricular ...
Guner Levent A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to develop and analyze an open-source artificial intelligence program built on artificial neural networks that can participate in and support the decision making of nuclear medicine physicians in detecting coronary artery disease from myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred and ...
Di Monaco Antonio - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We previously found a severe impairment of cardiac uptake of I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG), an analogue of norepinephrine, on myocardial scintigraphy in a small group of patients with cardiac syndrome X (CSX), suggesting a dysfunction of cardiac adrenergic nerve fibres. In this study, we assessed the consistency of these previous findings ...
Hutyra Martin - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess accuracy of echocardiography in the measurement of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), enddiastolic volume (EDV) and endsystolic volume (ESV) compared with gated SPECT. METHODS: A total of 70 patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction were enrolled to study. Median of the ...
Harpaz David - - 2010
Few studies including only a limited number of patients have compared left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) assessed by 2-dimensional echocardiography (2-DE) and electrocardiography-gated Tl-201 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). LVEF assessment by Tl-201 gated spect is comparable with LVEF assessed by 2-DE in two different echocardiographic laboratories. Patients (n = ...
Hage Fadi G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Prior studies show that ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) patients with substantial viable myocardium have better survival with coronary revascularization (CR) than medical therapy (MT). When myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is used, the analysis is often based on visual scoring. We sought to determine the value of automated quantitative viability analysis ...
Manrique Alain - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) limits long-term survival after heart transplantation. Diagnostic and prognostic value of gated single photon emission computed tomography (gated SPECT) has not been documented in this setting. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 110 consecutive heart transplant recipients (with transplantation >18 months) who underwent stress-rest gated SPECT ...
Toyota Eiji - - 2010
In cardiac 2-[F-18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) examination, interpretation of myocardial viability in the low uptake region (LUR) has been difficult without additional perfusion imaging. We evaluated distribution patterns of FDG at the border zone of the LUR in the cardiac FDG-PET and established a novel parameter for diagnosing myocardial ...
Ohtaki Yuka - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Although ischemic electrocardiographic (ECG) changes during dipyridamole or adenosine infusion have been reported as a marker for severe coronary artery disease (CAD), few studies have focused on ST-segment changes with adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-loading myocardial single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). METHODS AND SUBJECTS: Between January 2003 and August 2008, 4650 ...
Nakajima Kenichi - - 2010
Myocardial normal databases for stress myocardial perfusion study have been created by the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine Working Group. The databases comprised gender-, camera rotation range- and radiopharmaceutical-specific data-sets from multiple institutions, and normal database files were created for installation in common nuclear cardiology software. Based on the electrocardiography-gated ...
Dimastromatteo Julien - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Myocardial angiogenesis following reperfusion of an infarcted area may impact on patient prognosis and pro-angiogenic treatments are currently evaluated. The non-invasive imaging of angiogenesis would therefore be of potential clinical relevance in these settings. (99m)Tc-RAFT-RGD is a novel (99m)Tc-labeled tracer that targets the alpha(v)beta(3) integrin. Our objective was to ...
Charwat Silvia - - 2010
The aim of the sub-study of the MYSTAR randomised trial was to analyse the changes in myocardial perfusion in NOGA-defined regions of interest (ROI) with intramyocardial injections of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNC) using an elaborated transformation algorithm. Patients with recent first acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and left ventricular ...
Inatomi Yuichiro - - 2010
We present a 70-year-old man who suffered two attacks of possible incomplete infarction. At the first attack, the responsible lesion was unclear on MRI including DWI, but demonstrated a high uptake of (99m)Tc-ECD SPECT during the acute phase; thereafter the lesion became atrophic with a low uptake on SPECT during ...
Sörensson Peder - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Final infarct size following coronary occlusion is determined by the duration of ischemia, the size of myocardium at risk (MaR) and reperfusion injury. The reference method for determining MaR, single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) before reperfusion, is impractical in an acute setting. The aim of the present study was ...
Do─čan Ismail - - 2010
The prone position is commonly utilized to reduce false positive perfusion defects because this position overcomes the diaphragmatic inferior wall attenuation in single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) studies. We investigated whether the prone position had an important advantage over the supine position in determining the severity and extent of infarct ...
Cho Song-Mee - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The location of a myocardial lesion on a wall thickening polar map often does not coincide with the location of the lesion on a perfusion polar map, especially when the myocardial lesion is located at the mid cardiac region. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency ...
Ubachs Joey F A - - 2010
In the situation of acute coronary occlusion, the myocardium supplied by the occluded vessel is subject to ischemia and is referred to as the myocardium at risk (MaR). Single photon emission computed tomography has previously been used for quantitative assessment of the MaR. It is, however, associated with considerable logistic ...
Fink Jeffrey C - - 2010
The risk for cardiovascular events conferred by decreased renal function is curvilinear with exponentially greater increases in risk as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) declines. In 13 non-diabetic pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, we employed quantitative F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) as a means to measure myocardial ...
Rojas-Ordus Diana D Neuroimaging Laboratory, Electrical Engineering Department, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana - Iztapalapa, México, Mexico City. - - 2010
Equilibrium radionuclide angiography images (ERNA) has been established as a useful modality for clinical evaluation of the ventricular function. Tomographic acquisition of ERNA (SPECT-ERNA) improves the quantification of ventricular function with planar ERNA, avoiding both the overlap of structures and the need of defining the best septal view which can ...
Okada David R DR Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Department of Radiology and Division of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2010
We have recently described a technique for assessing myocardial perfusion using adenosine-mediated stress imaging (CTP) with dual source computed tomography. SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) is a widely utilized and extensively validated method for assessing myocardial perfusion. The aim of this study was to determine the level of agreement between ...
Aguadé-Bruix Santiago - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess interassay reproducibility of myocardial perfusion gated-SPECT for calculation of end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: One hundred and fifteen consecutive patients with AF from three participating hospitals (mean ...
Rosendahl Lene - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the heart generally requires breath holding and a regular rhythm. Single shot 2D steady-state free precession (SS_SSFP) is a fast sequence insensitive to arrhythmia as well as breath holding. Our purpose was to determine image quality, signal-to-noise (SNR) and contrast-to-noise (CNR) ratios and infarct ...
Cheng Victor Y VY Department of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2010
Low-carbohydrate (LC) and high-fat, low-carbohydrate (HFLC) dietary preparations may enhance (18)F-FDG-PET-based imaging of small, inflamed structures near the heart by suppressing myocardial FDG signal. We compared myocardial (18)F-FDG uptake in patients randomized to LC, HFLC, and unrestricted (UR) preparations prior to (18)F-FDG-PET. We randomized 63 outpatients referred for oncologic (18)F-FDG-PET ...
Nakata Tomoaki - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of perfusion/function parameters measured by gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)in combination with clinical variables in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease to predict refractory heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: The increasing number of HF ...
Storto Giovanni - - 2009
Attempts to estimate coronary flow reserve (CFR) with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) tracers have been recently made. We compared two different methods for the estimation of CFR by SPECT imaging. Fourteen patients with coronary artery disease underwent dipyridamole 99mTc-sestamibi SPECT and intracoronary Doppler within 5 days. Myocardial blood ...
Acampa Wanda - - 2010
PURPOSE: We compared left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction obtained by gated SPECT with that obtained by equilibrium radionuclide angiocardiography in a large cohort of patients. METHODS: Within 1 week, 514 subjects with suspected or known coronary artery disease underwent same-day stress-rest (99m)Tc-sestamibi gated SPECT and radionuclide angiocardiography. For both studies, ...
Fujiwara Sei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between reverse redistribution (RRD) of (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin ((99m)Tc-TF) and left ventricular functional recovery in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: We studied 21 patients with AMI who underwent direct percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). (99m)Tc-TF-gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) ...
Fallavollita James A - - 2010
Regional cardiac sympathetic nerve dysfunction develops in hibernating myocardium and may play a role in its association with sudden cardiac death. Interventions to improve cardiac function (i.e., revascularization) improve survival, but the potential reversibility of sympathetic nerve dysfunction remains unclear. Pigs (n = 11) were chronically instrumented with a proximal ...
Ueshima Kenji - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We assessed whether a combination of summed stress scores (SSS) using exercise myocardial perfusion SPECT (Ex-SPECT) and maximal heart rate accurately predicts cardiac events through a sub-analysis of J-ACCESS (Japanese Assessment of Cardiac Events and Survival Study by Quantitative Gated SPECT) which was conducted to evaluate the prognosis of ...
Dwivedi Girish - - 2009
The extent of residual myocardial viability (MV) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an important determinant of the outcome. Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is widely used to assess MV after an AMI. However, myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE), a relatively new technique for the assessment of MV, has better ...
Maruyama Yoshiaki - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony after reperfusion therapy has been closely examined as a cause of chronic remodeling, but the details have not been clarified. The present study measured LV dyssynchrony appearing immediately after reperfusion therapy using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT-3DE), and assessed the significance of this phenomenon in relation ...
Inaba Yoichi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We conducted a systematic review to summarize the current literature on the prognostic value of BMIPP imaging, fatty-acid metabolic imaging, for the prediction of cardiovascular events in coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Electronic databases (including Japanese medical literature search engines) were searched by a Japanese investigator using a ...
Abraham Arun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Relative myocardial perfusion imaging may underestimate severity of coronary disease (CAD), particularly in cases of balanced ischemia. Can quantification of peak left (LV) and right (RV) ventricular Rb-82 uptake measurements identify patients with left main or 3 vessel disease? METHODS: Patients (N = 169) who underwent Rb-82 PET MPI ...
Hashimoto Akiyoshi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to reveal the incremental prognostic implications of perfusion/function variables by stress/rest gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) over clinical risks in patients with known coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the Japanese Assessment of Cardiac Events and Survival Study by Quantitative Gated SPECT (J-ACCESS) ...
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