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Frustaci Andrea - - 2011
AIMS: Patients with intestinal malabsorption may develop cardiac dysfunction the origin of which is often unclear. We sought to investigate the pathogenesis of dilated cardiomyopathy in human malabsorption. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen patients with intestinal bypass as treatment for severe obesity and cardiomyopathy underwent endomyocardial biopsy. Biopsies were processed by ...
Khalili Hossein - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Low serum level of vitamin D was shown to be associated with cardiovascular diseases as well as the presence of diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. Vitamin D deficiency is a global problem, and is an Iranian problem as well. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first study ...
Sprinkart A M - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to establish an MRI protocol on a clinical scanner for assessment of left (LV) and right (RV) ventricular myocardial function of the murine heart, and to apply this protocol for the first in vivo assessment of myocardial function in a mouse model of cardiomyopathy ...
Dongworth R - - 2011
Rationale The mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) is a critical mediator of lethal myocardial reperfusion injury. Genetic ablation of cyclophilin-D (CypD, a component of the mPTP) has been reported to acutely reduce myocardial infarct size (IS) after 2 h reperfusion. However, the role of CypD ablation in long-term cardioprotection after ...
Park Min Yong - - 2011
Splenic infarction is most commonly caused by cardiovascular thromboembolism; however, splenic infarction can also occur in hematologic diseases, including sickle cell disease, hereditary spherocytosis, chronic myeloproliferative disease, leukemia, and lymphoma. Although 10% of splenic infarction is caused by hematologic diseases, it seldom accompanies autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). We report a ...
Mazzini M - - 2011
Objectives: Primary carnitine deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the SLC22A5 gene which results in impaired carnitine transport, cytosolic fatty acid accumulation and impaired beta oxidation. The disease is associated with cardiomyopathy and arrhythmias, but the mechanism is unknown. We hypothesized that carnitine deficiency results in ...
Kok Bernard P C - - 2012
Lipin-1 is the major phosphatidate phosphatase (PAP) in the heart and a transcriptional coactivator that regulates fatty acid (FA) oxidation in the liver. As the control of FA metabolism is essential for maintaining cardiac function, we investigated whether lipin-1 deficiency affects cardiac metabolism and performance. Cardiac PAP activity in lipin-1 ...
Gaber Rania - - 2011
Background: Iron deficiency may contribute to diminished exercise tolerance in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) even in absence of anemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of correction of iron deficiency on functional capacity and myocardial function in patients with CHF. Methods: We studied 40 ...
Bell James R - - 2011
The conventional view is that estrogen confers female cardioprotection. Estrogen synthesis depends on androgen availability, with aromatase regulating conversion of testosterone to estradiol. Extragonadal aromatase expression mediates estrogen production in some tissues, but a role for local steroid conversion has not yet been demonstrated in the heart. This study's goal ...
Mungrue Imran N IN Division of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Research Laboratory, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2011
ABCC6 genetic deficiency underlies pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) in humans, characterized by ectopic calcification, and early cardiac disease. The spectrum of PXE has been noted in Abcc6-deficient mice, including dystrophic cardiac calcification. We tested the role of Abcc6 in response to cardiac ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. To determine the role of Abcc6 ...
Celik Atac - - 2011
Background: Cardiac autonomic dysfunction may develop in patients with clinical or subclinical thyroid hormone deficiency. Heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate turbulence (HRT) are used for evaluating changes in cardiac autonomic functions and also used to provide risk stratification in cardiac and noncardiac diseases. The aim of this study ...
Leszek Przemysław - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although, correction of iron deficiency and/or anemia in heart failure (HF) with iron seems promising, little is known about myocardial iron load and homeostasis. Moreover iron supplementation indications are solely based on iron serum markers. The purpose was to assess myocardial iron (M-Iron), ferritin (M-FR), transferrin receptor (M-sTfR) in ...
Marinescu Victor - - 2011
Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) is the term used to describe a group of myocardial diseases of unknown cause whose common clinical presentation is heart failure. The prevalence of IDCM is estimated to be between 7 and 13% of patients with systolic heart failure. Throughout medical history, several nutrient-deficient states have ...
Rohilla Ankur - - 2011
Myocardial ischemia is a condition in which lack of blood flow to the cardiac muscle occurs resulting in deficient oxygen and nutrient supply to the heart. The restoration of blood flow to an organ or tissue is termed reperfusion. Brief episodes of ischemia and reperfusion given after prolonged ischemia and ...
Bostick Brian B Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, The University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65212, USA. - - 2011
Dystrophin deficiency leads to lethal dilated Duchenne cardiomyopathy. A promising therapy is to deliver a highly abbreviated microdystrophin gene to the heart using adeno-associated virus (AAV). Microdystrophin has been shown to mitigate dystrophin-deficient skeletal muscle disease. However, it is not clear whether microdystrophin is equally effective in treating Duchenne cardiomyopathy. ...
Drechsler Christiane - - 2011
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major contributor to the excess mortality of patients on maintenance dialysis. Homoarginine deficiency may lead to decreased nitric oxide availability and endothelial dysfunction. Based on this rationale we assessed whether homoarginine deficiency is a risk factor for SCD in dialysis patients. This study examined ...
Abdalla Said - - 2011
Chronic pressure overload and atherosclerosis are primary etiologic factors for cardiac hypertrophy and failure. However, mechanisms underlying the transition from hypertrophy to heart failure are incompletely understood. We analyzed the development of heart failure in mice with chronic pressure overload induced by aortic constriction and compared the results with aged ...
Moon Se Na - - 2011
Periodic blood transfusion can lead to secondary iron overload in patients with hematologic and oncologic diseases. Iron overload can result in iron deposition in heart tissue, which decreases cardiac function and can ultimately lead to death due to dilated cardiomyopathy and cardiac failure. In this study, we established murine model ...
de Gregorio C - - 2011
MyoAdenylate Deaminase Deficiency (MADD) is a relatively common metabolic disorder of the skeletal muscle. Patients with MADD usually show an impaired bioenergetic production and a clinical spectrum with either exercise-induced muscle pain, fatigue and/or rhabdomyolysis. Left ventricular hypertrophy as well as other types of cardiac involvement have been reported in ...
Laflamme Michael A MA Department of Pathology, Center for Cardiovascular Biology, Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98109, - - 2011
Heart failure plagues industrialized nations, killing more people than any other disease. It usually results from a deficiency of specialized cardiac muscle cells known as cardiomyocytes, and a robust therapy to regenerate lost myocardium could help millions of patients every year. Heart regeneration is well documented in amphibia and fish ...
Gallegos Robert P - - 2011
The CryoMaze procedure is usually limited to endocardial ablation under cardio-pulmonary bypass. Epicardial ablation is considered inferior as endocardial islets of atrial tissue could theoretically remain viable, protected from cryoinjury by epicardial fat and endocardial circulating warm blood. Novel argon-powered cryoprobes with lower ablation temperatures have recently become available. It ...
Aksoy Tamer - - 2011
Metamizol, probably with its vascular smooth muscle relaxant effect, enhances rest myocardial perfusion with the use of technetium-99m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile. We aimed to investigate whether metamizol induction is also able to increase the detectability of the ischemic/jeopardized myocardium during thallium-201 myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS). Twenty patients who had partially reversible/irreversible perfusion defects ...
Bu Lihong - - 2011
(99)  (m)TcN-MPO ([(99)  (m)TcN(mpo)(PNP5)](+): mpo = 2-mercaptopyridine oxide and PNP5 = N-ethoxyethyl-N,N-bis[2-(bis(3-methoxypropyl)phosphino)ethyl]amine) is a cationic (99)  (m)Tc-nitrido complex, which has favorable biodistribution and myocardial uptake with rapid liver clearance in Sprague Dawley rats. The objective of this study was to compare the biodistribution and pharmacokinetics of (99)  (m)TcN-MPO and (99)  (m)Tc-Sestamibi ...
Rahman Faisal - - 2011
Power spectral analysis of heart rate variability is used to assess cardiac autonomic function. The relationship of low frequency (LF) power to cardiac sympathetic tone has been unclear. We reported previously that LF power may reflect baroreflex modulation. In this study we attempted to replicate our findings in additional subject ...
Hendrix Anneke - - 2011
Aims To investigate the yield of cardiogenetic screening of relatives of young sudden cardiac death (SCD) and sudden unexplained death (SUD) victims in a population-based setting. Methods and results A population-based study was carried out between 2000 and 2006. Records of the hospital, death declaration certificates, and resuscitation records were ...
Samuel Chrishan S - - 2011
In the setting of myocardial infarction (MI), implanted stem cell viability is low and scar formation limits stem cell homing, viability, and integration. Thus, interventions that favorably remodel fibrotic healing may benefit stem cell therapies. However, it remains unclear whether it is feasible and safe to remodel fibrotic healing post-MI ...
Wetmore James B - - 2011
Nutritional vitamin D deficiency is an emerging risk factor for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and heart failure. The association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels with N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), a robust prognostic marker for post-AMI mortality and heart failure, is unknown and could illuminate a potential pathway for adverse ...
Essa Essa - - 2011
The clinical presentation of beriberi can be quite varied. In the extreme form, profound cardiovascular involvement leads to circulatory collapse and death. This case report is of a 72 year-old male who was admitted to the Neurology inpatient ward with progressive bilateral lower extremity weakness and parasthesia. He subsequently developed ...
Osthoff Michael - - 2011
The Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) pathway of complement plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury after experimental ischemic stroke. As comparable data in human ischemic stroke are limited, we investigated in more detail the association of MBL deficiency with infarction volume and functional outcome in a large ...
Melkani Girish C - - 2011
UNC-45 is a UCS (UNC-45/CRO1/She4P) class chaperone necessary for myosin folding and/or accumulation, but its requirement for maintaining cardiac contractility has not been explored. Given the prevalence of myosin mutations in eliciting cardiomyopathy, chaperones like UNC-45 are likely to be equally critical in provoking or modulating myosin-associated cardiomyopathy. Here, we ...
Mghaieth Fathia F Service of Cardiology, Rabta University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia. - - 2011
Congenital fibrinogen deficiency is a rare coagulation disorder usually responsible for hemorrhagic diathesis. However, it can be associated with thrombosis and there have been limited reports of arterial thrombotic complications in these patients. A 42-year-old Tunisian man with congenital hypofibrinogenemia and no cardiovascular risk factors presented with new onset prolonged ...
Gartner Gabriel E A - - 2010
Abstract In a previous paper comparing 155 species of snakes, we showed that the position of the heart relative to the head is statistically related to both habitat usage and phylogenetic position ("Phylogeny, ecology, and heart position in snakes," Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 83:43-54). More specifically, we found that, on ...
Mazraeshahi Reza M - - 2010
The utility of (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin myocardial SPECT for assessment of pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular thickness has not been well studied. We hypothesized that a ratio of right ventricular activity to left ventricular activity (RV/LV uptake ratio) from SPECT myocardial perfusion images could identify the presence of increased right ventricular wall ...
Gimelli Alessia - - 2011
Background- A novel technology has been developed for ultrafast (UF) single-photon emission CT (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging by using a pinhole collimation design and multiple cadmium zinc telluride crystal arrays. The purpose of this study was to compare myocardial perfusion imaging obtained by UF-SPECT with standard (S) SPECT in patients ...
Tamarappoo Balaji B Department of Imaging, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Los Angeles, California, - - 2010
We evaluated the association between pericardial fat and myocardial ischemia for risk stratification. Pericardial fat volume (PFV) and thoracic fat volume (TFV) measured from noncontrast computed tomography (CT) performed for calculating coronary calcium score (CCS) are associated with increased CCS and risk for major adverse cardiovascular events. From a cohort ...
Onishi Takayuki - - 2010
Few studies have compared the ability of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) with that of scintigraphy using 201-thallium (201-Tl) and 99m-technetium pyrophosphate (99m-Tc PYP) to evaluate microvascular obstructions (MOs). In the present study the relationship between the scintigraphic and CMR characteristics of MOs after acute myocardial infarction (MI) was examined. The ...
Ghosh Nina - - 2010
In developed countries, coronary artery disease (CAD) continues to be a major cause of death and disability. Over the past two decades, positron emission tomography (PET) imaging has become more widely accessible for the management of ischemic heart disease. Positron emission tomography has also emerged as an important alternative perfusion ...
Nakano Yoshimochi - - 2010
Usefulness of diastolic dysfunction after adenosine stress for detecting coronary stenosis has not been defined. The diagnostic accuracy of a combination of myocardial perfusion and diastolic function, as defined by prolongation of time to peak-filling rate (TTPF)/R-R and myocardial perfusion alone for the detection of coronary restenosis, was evaluated.  We ...
Nakazato Ryo R Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Imaging, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90048, - - 2010
A recently developed camera system for high-speed SPECT (HS-SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging shows excellent correlation with conventional SPECT. Our goal was to test the diagnostic accuracy of an automated quantification of combined upright and supine myocardial SPECT for detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) (≥ 70% luminal diameter stenosis or, ...
de Souza Leão Lima Ronaldo - - 2011
To identify predictors of abnormal HR response to dipyridamole (DIP) in patients undergoing myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS). Patients with a reduced heart rate (HR) response to DIP have higher cardiac mortality, but the mechanism is unknown. We studied 432 patients who underwent dual-isotope gated MPS. DIP (0.56 mg/kg) was infused ...
Bovens Sandra M - - 2011
Measurement of cardiac function is often performed in mice after, for example, a myocardial infarction. Cardiac MRI is often used because it is noninvasive and provides high temporal and spatial resolution for the left and right ventricle. In animal cardiac MRI, the quality of the required electrocardiogram signal is variable ...
Kaminek Milan - - 2010
This study assessed the effect of different levels of tracer uptake in the infarcted area on improvement of left ventricular function in patients treated by intracoronary mononuclear bone marrow cell (BMC) transplantation during long-term (12-month) follow-up. Thirty-seven patients with irreversible injury after their first acute myocardial infarction, as confirmed by ...
Tanaka Ryo - - 2010
Enhanced washout of (99m)Tc-SESTAMIBI (MIBI) is found in the myocardium in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or in those with serious angina. However, a standard index for washout evaluation in ischemic heart disease has not been established. We approached the establishment of a standard index for regional washout in ...
Marini Cecilia - - 2010
The mechanisms underlying increased cardiovascular risk in primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) have not been fully defined. Recently, this issue has become the subject of renewed interest due to the increasing evidence that the endothelium and vascular wall are targets for parathyroid hormone (PTH). The aim of this study was to measure ...
Park Seong-Mi - - 2010
To evaluate the relationship between strain rate (SR) imaging and coronary flow reserve (CFR) in assessing viability of akinetic myocardium after acute myocardial infarction (MI). Forty patients with acute first ST-elevation MI were analyzed. SR imaging and CFR by intracoronary flow measurement were obtained on the same day, 3~5 days ...
Skala Tomas - - 2011
Patients with ischemic heart disease and depressed left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF) develop varying degrees of LV remodeling after cardiac surgical revascularization. Fifty-three patients with stable ischemic heart disease and impaired LV function (LVEF 34.9 ± 4%) were prospectively followed up for 24 months. Thirty-seven patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), ...
Chung Se-Yeong - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic value of stress perfusion MRI and SPECT for the detection of myocardial ischemia in patients with angiographically proven three-vessel coronary artery disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 78 patients with angiographically proven three-vessel coronary artery disease who underwent both stress perfusion ...
Yalçin Hülya - - 2010
To evaluate longitudinal function of ischemic and nonischemic myocardial tissue detected by Tc-99m MIBI single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) prior to coronary revascularization in patients with stable angina pectoris. We studied 24 consecutive patients (mean age 62+/-9 years; 5 women) with stable angina pectoris. All patients underwent myocardial perfusion ...
Sciagrà Roberto - - 2010
Perfusion gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) can assess with good reproducibility left ventricular (LV) volumes and ejection fraction (EF). Whether this reproducibility is maintained in long-term follow-up is unknown. We compared LV end-diastolic (ED) and end-systolic (ES) volumes (V) as well as EF calculated using gated SPECT and ...
Liu Zhonglin Z Department of Radiology, University of Arizona, P.O. Box 245067, Tucson, AZ 85724-5067, USA. - - 2010
Intense liver uptake of (99m)Tc-sestamibi (MIBI) often interferes with visualization of myocardial perfusion in the inferior wall of the left ventricle. To develop improved myocardial perfusion agents, crown ether-containing dithiocarbamates and bisphosphines have been introduced in recent years. This study was designed to investigate the myocardial imaging properties and in ...
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