Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1777
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Tamaki N - - 2005
Stress myocardial perfusion imaging has been considered as a most valuable means for diagnosis and treatment strategy in patients with suspected and known coronary artery disease. (99m)Tc perfusion imaging agents provide excellent myocardial perfusion images. In addition, greater photon flux from the tracer permits simultaneous assessment of regional perfusion and ...
Foo Thomas K F - - 2005
In delayed contrast-enhanced MRI for the assessment of myocardial viability, the TI time in a gated inversion-recovery segmented gradient echo sequence is usually selected to null signal from normal myocardium. Although this TI time generates good contrast between the enhancing infarcted tissue and normal myocardium, there is usually less contrast ...
Kurihara Hirohiko - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The clinical usefulness of characterizing reperfused myocardium by perfusion/thickening assessment using electrocardiographic gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) has not been investigated. We evaluated whether single-injection gated SPECT with 99mTc tetrofosmin early after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can predict left ventricular (LV) functional recovery. METHODS: Gated SPECT ...
Leslie William D - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether lung uptake of technetium-99m (99mTc)-based myocardial perfusion tracers predicts cardiac events. BACKGROUND: Increased lung uptake of thallium-201 during myocardial perfusion scintigraphy can predict important clinical outcomes. It is unclear whether lung uptake of 99mTc-based myocardial perfusion tracers can be used in a similar way. ...
Herrero Pilar - - 2005
There is compelling evidence that alterations in myocardial substrate use play a key role in a variety of normal and abnormal cardiac conditions such as aging, left ventricular hypertrophy, and diabetic heart disease. However, it is unclear whether the metabolic changes are adaptive or maladaptive. Development of transgenic models targeting ...
Persson Eva - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiogram-gated myocardial single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin allows simultaneous evaluation of myocardial perfusion and function. In this study, left ventricular volumes, ejection fraction (LVEF), and left ventricular wall volume (LVWV) derived from gated SPECT were compared with measurements from cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), performed within a few ...
Berk Fatma - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular function, volumes and regional wall motion provide valuable diagnostic information and are of long-term prognostic importance in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). This study was designed to compare the effectiveness of 2D-echocardiography and gated single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) for evaluation of these parameters in patients with DCM. ...
Suzuki Masahiko - - 2005
A decrease in myocardial uptake of iodine-123-labeled metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG) has been reported in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) using 123I-MIBG myocardial scintigraphy. However, the patient with autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP), caused by the parkin gene, presented here showed normal 123I-MIBG myocardial uptake, suggesting that AR-JP is a distinct disease entity ...
Rambaldi Riccardo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction and myocardial viability by dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) or F18-fluorodeoxyglucose-single-photon emission computed tomography (FDG-SPECT), experience improved survival after coronary revascularization. Pulsed wave-tissue Doppler imaging (PW-TDI)-derived ejection phase shortening (EPS) and post-systolic shortening (PSS) velocities may help to quantify DSE. We assessed these variables ...
Wu Yen-Wen - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a major cause of mortality in heart transplant recipients. We investigated the diagnostic and prognostic value of dobutamine thallium-201 ((201)Tl) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in heart transplant recipients. METHODS: We studied 47 patients (age 51.6 +/- 11.7 years, 37 men), at a mean ...
Harafuji Katsufumi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Aortic surgery is an invasive, high-risk noncardiac procedure and the patients who require it have a high prevalence of coronary artery disease. Therefore, preoperative risk stratification for this subset is essential. METHODS AND RESULTS: To assess the perioperative risk for aortic surgery, pharmacologic stress single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) ...
Hung Guang-Uei - - 2005
This study evaluated the performance of gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with thallium-201 (201Tl) in assessing left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), end-diastolic volume (EDV), and end-systolic volume (ESV) in Taiwanese by determining repeatability and correlation with two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography. A total of 18 patients underwent two sequential gated ...
Lindström Lena - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular involvement in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a common finding in autopsy studies. In clinical studies using myocardial scintigraphy, MRI and echocardiography, contradictory results have been reported. In this study, we therefore investigated a group of 15 patients with ARVC using thallium-201 (Tl) single-photon emission tomography ...
Habash-Bseiso Dana E - - 2005
Compare the agreement of two dimensional echocardiography (echocardiography) and electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), with left ventricular contrast angiography (angiography) for the evaluation of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Retrospective cohort study. American College of Cardiology National Cardiovascular Data Registry(TM) (ACC-NCDR). Patients from a large, community-based clinic ...
Slart Riemer H J A - - 2005
PURPOSE: Dual-isotope simultaneous acquisition (DISA) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is an attractive technique as it permits assessment of both myocardial glucose metabolism and perfusion within a single session, but few data on its accuracy for the assessment of viability are available as yet. In the present study, DISA SPECT ...
Kurisu Satoshi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether spontaneous anterograde flow preserves myocardial fatty acid metabolism in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS AND RESULTS: The present study comprised 129 patients with a first anterior AMI in whom Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 3 flow was obtained on the final angiogram: 28 ...
Richter Sven - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon emission tomography (SPET) offer the most promising tools for the in-vivo assessment of the cardiac autonomic nervous system in humans. However, the clinical application of PET and SPET on a routine basis is severely limited by the lack of widely available selective ...
Dellegrottaglie Santo - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of the severity of regional myocardial dysfunction and of the length of follow-up on the identification of myocardial viability with rest-redistribution Tl single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and low-dose dobutamine echocardiography (LDDE). METHODS: Twenty-six patients with chronic coronary artery disease and wall motion abnormalities, ...
Tousek P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relation between the extent of microvascular damage and infarct size in patients after successful mechanical reperfusion of acute myocardial infarction. OBJECTIVE: To compare the spatial extent of reduced myocardial signal between real time myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) ...
Gyöngyösi Mariann - - 2005
Because the terms "hibernation" and "viability" are not interchangeable, the recognition of hibernating myocardium within viable segments remained elusive for NOGA electroanatomic endocardial mapping. The aim of the present study was to determine the characteristics of hibernating myocardium in NOGA mapping. Baseline and follow-up endocardial mapping, thallium-201 myocardial perfusion scintigraphy ...
Tsutsui Jeane M - - 2005
Myocardial contrast echocardiography has the potential to accurately detect functionally significant coronary artery disease during pharmacologic stress testing. Different low-mechanical index modalities, including triggering replenishment imaging (TRI) and real-time imaging (RTI), are currently used to identify myocardial perfusion defects. We compared the ability of TRI with that of RTI for ...
Mowatt Graham - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: In patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease (CAD), or following myocardial infarction (MI), assessing the degree of ischaemia is important from a prognostic and therapeutic point of view. Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) is a non-invasive technique that allows the presence, location ...
Acampa Wanda - - 2005
This study directly compared the prognostic value of predischarge dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and dobutamine myocardial SPECT perfusion imaging in patients with prior myocardial infarction. METHODS: The study population consisted of 146 consecutive patients who underwent predischarge DSE and SPECT with (99m)Tc-sestamibi after a first acute uncomplicated myocardial infarction treated ...
Judd Robert M - - 2005
Myocardial viability is of established importance to the management of cardiac patients being considered for revascularization. Existing noninvasive imaging tests to examine myocardial viability, such as stress echocardiography and nuclear scintigraphy, are of recognized utility but are subject to intrinsic limitations. Over the past few years delayed-enhancement MRI (DE-MRI) has ...
Hachamovitch Rory - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to derive and validate a score to estimate risk after adenosine stress. BACKGROUND: Maximizing the prognostic information extracted from adenosine stress myocardial perfusion scintigraphy, a commonly performed test, is often challenging for referring physicians. METHODS: A split-set validation of a score predicting cardiovascular mortality was performed in ...
Sciagrà R - - 2005
Gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is the current state-of-the-art approach to myocardial perfusion imaging. Initially, major emphasis was given to the improvement in diagnostic accuracy of myocardial perfusion imaging for the detection of coronary artery disease, because the evaluation of wall motion and thickening allows the recognition of attenuation ...
Ibrahim Tareq - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to evaluate kinetics and extent of myocardial contrast enhancement (CE) in comparison with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) early after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Quantification of infarct size serves as a surrogate end point in evaluating new therapies of AMI. Contrast-enhanced magnetic ...
Kanayama Sugako - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic gated 13N-ammonia positron emission tomography (PET) enables simultaneous assessment of myocardial blood flow and left ventricular (LV) function. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of gated 13N-ammonia PET for evaluating global and regional LV function in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) in comparison ...
Sugihara Hideki - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To quantitate the degree of 3-dimensional asynchronous myocardial contraction, an ECG-gated polar map method was developed with (99m)Tc-methoxy-isobutyl isonitrile, and used to investigate the relationship between asynchrony and left ventricular (LV) function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twelve normal subjects and 38 patients with an old myocardial infarction were studied with ...
Ghesani Munir - - 2005
Positron emission tomography (PET) is a functional imaging technique with important clinical applications in cardiology, oncology, and neurology. In cardiac imaging, its role has been extensively evaluated in the noninvasive diagnosis of coronary artery disease and in the determination of prognosis. Additionally, cardiac PET with F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is very ...
Lloyd Steven G - - 2005
Patients with ischemic heart disease may have left ventricular (LV) dysfunction due to reversible or irreversible causes. The ability to distinguish viable myocardium with dysfunction due to a reversible etiology (hibernation, stunning) from nonviable scar is critical for determining proper management of the patient. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is a ...
Leslie William D - - 2005
Although human interpretation of (99m)Tc-sestamibi SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging has been repeatedly validated in the diagnostic and prognostic assessment of coronary artery disease, it remains unclear if automated computer-derived quantitative indices of perfusion have similar or independent prognostic information. METHODS: We studied 718 patients referred for (99m)Tc-sestamibi SPECT myocardial perfusion ...
Kasai Tokuo - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Gating errors (GEs) with ECG gated myocardial SPECT (G-SPECT) may occur irrespective of the presence or absence of arrhythmias. We evaluated the impact of GEs on both reconstructed tomograms and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) derived from G-SPECT, and searched for clues to identify these errors. METHODS: We studied ...
Ito Hiromichi - - 2005
The aim of this study is confirmation of an abnormal regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) pattern in high-functioning autism (HFA). Confirmation of an abnormal rCBF pattern in HFA may be useful for elucidate of its pathophysiology and a differential diagnosis, such as with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD). Brain 99mTc-ECD SPECT was ...
Borges-Neto Salvador - - 2005
Noninvasive stress testing provides prognostic information in patients who have suspected coronary artery disease, but limited data are available on the incremental value of myocardial perfusion testing in high-risk patients. We studied 3,275 patients who underwent cardiac catheterization and single-photon emission computed tomographic (SPECT) perfusion imaging. Median follow-up was 3.1 ...
Petix Nunzia Rosa - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Myocardial stunning has recently been demonstrated by use of stress gated technetium 99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. However, its prognostic value is less well determined. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of reversible regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMAs). ...
Travin Mark I - - 2005
The prevalence of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and resultant congestive heart failure is increasing. Patients with this condition are at high risk for cardiac death and usually have significant limitations in their lifestyles. Although there have been advances in medical therapy resulting in improved survival and well being, the best ...
Slomka Piotr J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To simplify development of normal limits for myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS), we implemented a quantification scheme in which normal limits are derived without visual scoring of abnormal scans or optimization of regional thresholds. METHODS AND RESULTS: Normal limits were derived from same-day TI-201 rest/Tc-99m-sestamibi stress scans of male (n ...
Positano Vincenzo - - 2005
PURPOSE: Contrast magnetic resonance (CMR) can identify myocardial necrosis after gadolinium administration as a hyperenhanced (HE) area. Yet there are no software tools that can effectively quantify such an area. The aim of this study is to develop a robust and effective algorithmic method for defining the extent of myocardial ...
Wagner Anja - - 2005
The accurate differentiation of viable and nonviable myocardium is crucial for therapy planning in patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction. Traditional techniques such as echocardiography, positron emission tomography, single photon emission computed tomography, and dobutamine echocardiography have established roles. Cardiac MRI (CMR) is a rapidly emerging new ...
Bondarenko Olga - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate a standardized definition of delayed hyperenhancement in the analysis of contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (ceCMR) imaging. PATIENTS AND METHODS: CeCMR was performed in 15 patients with chronic ischemic heart disease. Delayed hyperenhancement was analyzed both by visual analysis by an experienced team of observers, and after thresholding ...
Jahnke Cosima - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Effective suppression of cardiac motion is crucial for MR coronary angiography (MRCA). Thus, we evaluated a new technique for rapid and automatic detection of the cardiac rest period in comparison to the conventional visual assessment of the coronary artery rest periods. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-five consecutive cardiac patients ...
Brogsitter Claudia - - 2005
(18)F-FDG PET is an important diagnostic tool for detecting myocardial viability in patients with coronary artery disease. In combination with perfusion scanning, (18)F-FDG PET allows differentiation between reversibly and irreversibly damaged myocardium and selection of patients likely to benefit from revascularization. Viability PET is usually performed in two-dimensional (2D) mode. ...
Djaballah Wassila - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patient displacements and errors in R-wave detection are the main causes of inaccurate acquisition for gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and equilibrium radionuclide angiography (RNA). This study aimed to compare the influences of both factors between gated SPECT and RNA determinations of left ventricular ejection fraction. METHODS ...
El-Kady Taher - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess the long-term effect of trimetazidine on myocardial perfusion, using gated single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT). METHODS: 200 patients (aged 54.7 +/- 12 years) with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) and multivessel coronary artery disease were randomized to receive trimetazidine 20mg three times daily ...
Schinkel Arend F L - - 2005
Information on the prognostic value of noninvasive stress imaging techniques in the elderly is relatively scarce. This study assessed the prognostic value of dobutamine stress (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin SPECT for the prediction of mortality and cardiac events in elderly patients. METHODS: Clinical information and SPECT results were analyzed for 272 consecutive patients ...
Salazar Holger P - - 2005
Left ventricular systolic dysfunction is mainly a result of coronary artery disease (CAD). Decrease in myocardial contractility results as a response to a chronic hypoperfusion state that produces a change in cardiac myocyte metabolism, resulting in a perfusion-contraction mismatch in which function is sacrificed for survival. If revascularization is performed ...
Okumura Wataru - - 2004
Cardiac PET using (18)F-FDG under fasting conditions (fasting (18)F-FDG PET) is a promising technique for identification of cardiac sarcoidosis and assessment of disease activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of fasting (18)F-FDG PET in detecting inflammatory lesions of cardiac sarcoidosis from a pathophysiologic standpoint. METHODS: ...
Hu Tom C-C - - 2004
Owing to its signal-enhancing characteristics in viable well-perfused tissue, divalent manganese (Mn2+) has been used as a myocardial imaging contrast agent. Because Mn2+ can enter excitable cells through the voltage-gated L-type calcium channels, manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) has been used to determine the viability and the inotropic state of the heart. ...
Kaneta Tomohiro T Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, Japan. - - 2004
123I-15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-(R,S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) and 99mTc-tetrofosmin (TET) are widely used for evaluation of myocardial fatty acid metabolism and perfusion, respectively. ECG-gated TET SPECT is also used for evaluation of myocardial wall motion. These tests are often performed on the same day to minimize both the time required and inconvenience to patients ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >