Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1527
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Alamri Hussein S - - 2010
Despite the fact that CABG is the standard of care for patients with multivessel coronary arteries and/or left main stem stenosis, PCI has become a rival to CABG in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease or left main disease. However, the need for repeat revascularization, in-stent stenosis and thrombosis remain ...
Wahbi K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiac complications, such as myocardial disease and arrhythmias, are frequent and may be severe in patients with mitochondrial disease. We sought to determine the prevalence and the prognostic value of cardiac abnormalities in a series of patients carrying the m.8344 A>G mutation. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data concerning a ...
Takehana Kazuya - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The cardiac event rate among the countries varies according to ethnicity. Some reports have identified that ischemic heart disease often occurs at a low incidence and is often milder in Japan compared to other countries. Therefore, the present study was designed to determine the clinical significance and prediction for ...
Bouzas-Mosquera Alberto - - 2010
AIMS: Non-invasive imaging techniques for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) may have technical problems in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Although the prognostic value of exercise echocardiography (ExEcho) has been well established in several subgroups of patients, it has not yet been specifically evaluated in these patients. METHODS ...
Amit Guy - - 2010
Better risk stratification of patients receiving an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) is needed. Although microvolt T-wave alternans (MTWA) and electrophysiologic study (EPS) are independent markers for SCD, the Alternans Before Cardioverter Defibrillator (ABCD) trial found the combination to be more predictive than either ...
Ba?os-Gonz?lez M A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Identify whether the plasma concentration of Lp(a), apo(a) size or a greater affinity for fibrin predict the likelihood of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, unstable angina, the need for additional revascularization, and stroke (MACCE). DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed the clinical prognosis of 68 patients with coronary artery disease ...
Miyauchi Katsumi - - 2010
PURPOSE: Atherothrombotic disease is a major and increasing health problem in Japan. Effective secondary prevention of atherothrombotic events after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is required, but clinical evidence regarding the current state of preventive treatment and the rate of subsequent atherothrombotic events after ACS in Japan is limited. Up-to-date Japanese ...
Groban Leanne - - 2010
The tissue Doppler-derived surrogate for left ventricular diastolic pressure, E/e', has been used to prognosticate outcome in a variety of cardiovascular conditions. In this study, we determined the relationship of intraoperative E/e' to the use of inotropic support, duration of mechanical ventilation (MV), length of intensive care unit stay (ICU-LOS), ...
Pearce Jeffrey D - - 2010
Atherosclerotic renovascular disease is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. This study examines associations between Doppler-derived parameters from the renal artery and renal parenchyma and all-cause mortality and fatal and nonfatal CVD events in a cohort of elderly Americans. Cohort study. A subset of participants from ...
Cho Jung Rae - - 2010
Delayed enhancement (DE) on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is a marker of myocardial fibrosis. The absence of DE in CMR is a predictor of left ventricular (LV) functional improvement in patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM), so in the present study it was investigated whether presence of DE has prognostic ...
Lang Chim C CC Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, United Kingdom. - - 2010
There is an established body of evidence from epidemiological studies which indicates that an elevated resting heart rate is independently associated with atherosclerosis and increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, in both the general population and in patients with established cardiovascular disease. Clinical trial data suggest that in patients with coronary ...
Mörner S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is known to affect mainly the musculoskeletal system. Early mortality is related to respiratory disease and possibly additional cardiovascular complications. AIMS: To identify possible cardiovascular disturbances that could predict survival of DM1 patients. METHODS: We studied 30 DM1 patients (mean age 41 +/- 13.5 ...
Krittayaphong Rungroj - - 2010
To determine the prognosis of a myocardial scar assessed by a late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) technique of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in hypertensive patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients with systemic hypertension with known or suspected CAD without a clinical history of myocardial infarction were enrolled. ...
Ambrose John A - - 2010
Heart disease remains the leading cause of mortality in the United States despite recent reductions in the death rate. Complications of coronary artery disease and its sequelae are the most common mechanism of demise. There have been great advances in the prevention and treatment of acute myocardial infarction, and the ...
Janion Marianna - - 2010
We describe the case of a 57 year-old woman with NSTE ACS, a history of recurrent and prolonged epistaxis, and low prior cardiovascular risk. Additional findings revealed anemia and an aneurysm in her central nervous system. During her hospital stay, hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) was diagnosed. After application of two ...
Lossnitzer Dirk - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Portal hypertension and cardiac alterations previously described as "cirrhotic cardiomyopathy" are known complications of end stage liver disease (ELD). Cardiac failure contributes to morbidity and mortality, particularly after liver transplantation and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). We sought to identify myocardial tissue characterization and evaluate cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) ...
Scheen A J - - 2010
Sibutramine is a combined norepinephrine and serotonin reuptake inhibitor used as an antiobesity agent to reduce appetite and promote weight loss in combination with diet and exercise. At a daily dose of 10-20 mg, it was initially considered to have a good safety profile, as it does not induce primary pulmonary ...
Patel Amish A - - 2010
The Framingham model has become the standard to assess future risk of coronary artery disease. Several nontraditional risk factors have been suggested to improve risk stratification to provide a new algorithm for predicting coronary heart disease (CHD). Two factors with the most available data include C-reactive protein (CRP) and coronary ...
Eleid Mackram F - - 2010
Objectives. To determine the importance of acute cardiac events as a cause of mortality compared to non-cardiac events in the four month period following liver transplantation (LT) using current preoperative cardiac screening strategies. Patients and Methods. We retrospectively reviewed timing, type, and outcome of adverse cardiac events, and all cause ...
Chan Daniel - - 2010
Myocardial infarction causes significant mortality and morbidity. Timely diagnosis allows clinicians to risk stratify their patients and select appropriate treatment. Biomarkers have been used to assist with timely diagnosis, while an increasing number of novel markers have been identified to predict outcome following an acute myocardial infarction or acute coronary ...
Montali Anna - - 2010
Objectives: The -765G>C variation (rs20417 SNP) in the promoter of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene has been demonstrated to lower COX-2 enzyme activity in the vasculature, thus affecting atherosclerotic plaque growth and stability. Therefore, this genetic variant may be a candidate influencing the residual risk. Methods: In 285 coronary patients the incidence ...
Serebruany Victor L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Central adjudication of clinical events in randomized controlled trials represents an attractive but still controversial approach since the adjudicated data usually match well with the investigator-reported event rates but increase affiliated costs. PURPOSE: The aim was to assess the timing of clinical event adjudication in the TRITON trial. METHODS: ...
McCullough Peter A - - 2010
There have been considerable advances in the evaluation of suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACS): sophistication of the clinical examination, electrocardiography, risk prediction scores, multiple blood biomarkers, and rapid cardiovascular imaging. Integration of information remains a formidable challenge for the physician in the setting of time-sensitive clinical decision making. In addition ...
Gabayan Gelareh Z - - 2010
Syncope is a common reason for emergency department (ED) visits, and patients are often admitted to exclude syncope of cardiovascular origin. Population-based data on patterns and predictors of cardiac outcomes may improve decision-making. Our objective was to identify patterns and predictors of short-term cardiac outcomes in ED patients with syncope. ...
Jeong Hae Chang - - 2010
There is still debate about the timing of revascularization in patients with acute non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). We analyzed the long-term clinical outcomes of the timing of revascularization in patients with acute NSTEMI obtained from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR). 2,845 patients with acute NSTEMI (65.6 +/- ...
Hadi Hadi A R - - 2010
We evaluated the effect of body weight on the outcome of Middle Eastern patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Analysis of the Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events (Gulf RACE) survey that included 7843 consecutive patients hospitalized with ACS was made. Patients were categorized as normal weight, overweight, or ...
Georgoulias Panagiotis - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term prognostic value of early poststress lung/heart ratio (LHR) of (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin radioactivity. METHODS: We studied 276 patients (aged 62.2 + or - 8.9 years, 168 men) with stress/rest (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin myocardial gated-SPECT and coronary angiography. To evaluate myocardial ischaemia, we calculated ...
Bignami Elena - - 2010
The authors conducted a review of randomized studies to determine whether there were any advantages for clinically relevant outcomes by adding epidural analgesia in patients undergoing cardiac surgery under general anesthesia. Meta-analysis. Hospitals. A total of 2366 patients from 33 randomized trials. None. Data sources and study selection: PubMed, BioMedCentral, ...
Bauer Stephen M - - 2010
Preoperative evaluation and perioperative management of cardiac disease in patients undergoing vascular surgery (VS) is important for patients and vascular surgeons. Recent evidence has emerged that has allowed us to develop contemporary paradigms for evaluating and managing coronary artery disease in VS patients perioperatively. The utility of stress testing, the ...
Sharp Andrew S P - - 2010
Patients with controlled hypertension are at risk of future cardiac events, but predicting first events remains difficult. We hypothesized that modern echocardiographic measures of left ventricular diastolic function may be more sensitive than traditional echocardiographic methods of risk prediction and set out to test this in a cohort of patients ...
Rossi R - - 2011
To estimate if a meaningful relationship exists between body mass index (BMI) and the entity of coronary atherosclerosis, coronary events and mortality in a cohort of consecutive patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). In this prospective study, we enrolled 1299 consecutive patients (905 [69.7%] males) who had undergone coronary ...
Chang Su Min - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the relationship between coronary artery calcium score (CACS) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) results for predicting the short- and long-term risk of cardiac events. BACKGROUND: The CACS and SPECT results both provide important prognostic information. It is unclear whether integrating these tests will ...
Matsui Shigeru - - 2010
PURPOSE: We prospectively investigated the prognostic value of pentraxin 3 (PTX3) in patients with unstable angina and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (UA/NSTEMI). BACKGROUND: PTX3 may be a useful marker for localized vascular inflammation and damage to the cardiovascular system. Recent studies have shown that plasma PTX3 is elevated in patients ...
Kelle Sebastian - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to assess the predictive value of myocardial infarct size assessed with late gadolinium-enhanced (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in medically treated patients with chronic myocardial infarction relative to contractile reserve on low-dose dobutamine magnetic resonance (DSMR) for long-term event-free survival. BACKGROUND: Information on the relative merits ...
Kositwattanarerk Arpakorn - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The excellent prognostic value of a normal or near normal stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) has been confirmed in numerous studies. The aim of the present study was to determine the association of MPI findings and cardiac events. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Consecutive patients referred from January 2003 to December ...
Bauer Axel - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In the Improved Stratification of Autonomic Regulation-Risk trial, postinfarction patients with severe autonomic failure (SAF)-defined as abnormal heart rate turbulence in the presence of abnormal deceleration capacity (DC)-were at high risk of subsequent death, even if left ventricular function was not particularly compromised. The aim of this ...
Duh Mei Sheng - - 2009
Study quantified incremental cost of cardiovascular (CV) events in 6 high-risk and compelling indication subgroups: post-myocardial infarction (MI), diabetes, diabetic nephropathy, elderly, chronic kidney disease, and prior stroke. Based on claims data from privately insured individuals with 2+ hypertension (HTN) diagnoses in 2004-2006, we estimated regression-adjusted per-member-per-month healthcare costs after ...
Krittayaphong Rungroj - - 2009
To study the prognostic value of left ventricular mass (LVM) assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. We studied patients who were referred for cardiac magnetic resonance for the assessment of cardiac function, LVM, and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Prognostic value was determined ...
Fleisher Lee A - - 2009
The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association updated their joint guidelines on perioperative cardiovascular evaluation and care for noncardiac surgery in 2007. The guidelines recommend preoperative cardiac testing only when the results may influence patient management. They specify four high-risk conditions for which evaluation and preoperative treatment are ...
Yang Woo-In - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite the relatively benign course for the majority of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), this disease may cause sudden cardiac death and progressive heart failure (HF). The aim of this study was to investigate useful parameters for predicting adverse outcomes of HCM, including echocardiographic parameters, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), ...
Maeda Shingo - - 2009
Few studies have explored risk stratification of arrhythmic events in patients with ischemic heart diseases according to T-wave alternans (TWA) using modified moving average (MMA) method and heart rate turbulence (HRT). A retrospective analysis of 63 patients who underwent MMA-based TWA and HRT divided the patients into 3 groups: group-C ...
Flu W-J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the prognostic value of asymptomatic low ankle-brachial index (ABI) to predict perioperative myocardial damage, incremental to conventional cardiac risk factors imbedded in cardiac risk indices (Revised Cardiac index and Adapted Lee index). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative ABI measurements were performed in 627 consecutive vascular surgery patients ...
Baillot Richard G - - 2009
Over the last 12 years, the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients undergoing myocardial revascularization surgery have evolved rapidly. The goal of our study was to analyze the evolution of these trends and the results of these surgical interventions. We identified patients who underwent a first or second myocardial revascularization ...
Lentine Krista L - - 2010
Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death after kidney transplantation. However, uncertainties regarding the optimal assessment of cardiovascular risk in potential transplant candidates have produced controversy and inconsistency in pretransplantation cardiac evaluation practices. In this review, we consider the evidence supporting cardiac evaluation in kidney transplant candidates, generally ...
Bodis Jozsef - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The time of onset of myocardial infarction shows seasonal and daily variation. We aimed to investigate whether the number of hours with daylight has an effect on the seasonal variation of heart attack, and whether the time of sunrise has an effect on the diurnal rhythm of myocardial infarction. ...
Fisher Mark B - - 2009
To evaluate risk factors for postoperative cardiac complications (POCC). Patients undergoing cystectomy often have significant baseline cardiac disease. Despite preoperative medical optimization, postoperative cardiac complications remain a significant source of morbidity. A retrospective review of all radical cystectomies for bladder cancer between January 2004 and September 2006 was performed. Twelve ...
Fan Hong-guang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A large transmural myocardial infarction often results in a dyskinetic or akinetic left ventricular aneurysm (LVA). This study aimed to explore the early and long-term clinical outcomes and to identify predictors for survivals and hospital re-admission after the repair of left ventricular aneurysm. METHODS: We followed up 497 patients ...
Ambrose John A - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Heart disease still remains the leading cause of mortality in the USA in spite of recent reductions in the death rate; complications of coronary artery disease and its sequelae are the most common mechanism of demise. Although there have been great advances in the prevention and treatment ...
de Oliveira Gisele R - - 2009
Heart rate changes are common in epileptic and non-epileptic seizures. Previous studies have not adequately assessed the contribution of motor activity on these changes nor have evaluated them during prolonged monitoring. We retrospectively evaluated 143 seizures and auras from 76 patients admitted for video EEG monitoring. The events were classified ...
Selcuk Hatice - - 2009
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasing worldwide and patients with MetS have increased risk of cardiovascular events. Recent studies in different populations showed higher prevalences of MetS in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and identified MetS as an independent predictor of future cardiac events. This study sought ...
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