Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1552
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Rouleau Jean L JL Montreal Heart Institute, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
The most common cause of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is coronary artery disease. A multitude of factors come into play when deciding whether a patient with HFrEF and coronary artery disease should have coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, percutaneous coronary intervention, or medical therapy alone. For ...
Schulz Olaf - - 2013
We have previously reported that increases in total pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) are thought to be indicative of vulnerable plaques and thus poor outcome predicts outcomes in patients with stable coronary artery disease. We hypothesized that the determination of CT- and NT-fragments of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 4 (CT- ...
Najafi Ghezeljeh Tahereh - - 2013
To explore how Iranian patients with coronary heart disease experience their lives. Coronary heart disease is a leading cause of death in Iran and worldwide. Understanding qualitatively how patients experience the acute and postacute stages of this chronic condition is essential knowledge for minimising the negative consequences of coronary heart ...
Matsumoto Hiroaki H Department of Neurosurgery, Eisyokai Yoshida Hospital, Kobe, - - 2013
The authors present a rare case of adult moyamoya disease in which a patient experienced rapid progression of cerebral infarction after intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). A healthy 39-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with sudden headache, a decreased level of consciousness and mild tetraparesis. Initial magnetic resonance imaging revealed small ...
Costopoulos Charis C Interventional Cardiology Unit, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy; Interventional Cardiology Unit, EMO-GVM Centro Cuore Columbus, Milan, Italy; Imperial College London, London, United - - 2013
This study sought to investigate the role of drug-eluting balloons (DEB) alone or in combination with drug-eluting stents (DES) in the treatment of diffuse de novo coronary artery disease (CAD) (>25 mm). The use of DEB in diffuse CAD, either alone or in combination with DES, offers an alternative to ...
Mathiasen Anders Bruun - - 2013
The study assessed long-term safety and efficacy of intramyocardial injection of autologous bone-marrow derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMMSCs) in patients with severe stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and refractory angina. Thirty-one patients with severe stable CAD and refractory angina were included. Patients had reversible myocardial ischemia and no further revascularization ...
Picano Eugenio - - 2013
Stress echocardiography is an established method for the diagnosis and prognostic stratification of coronary artery disease. In the last few years, the tremendous technological and conceptual versatility of this technique has been increasingly applied in challenging diagnostic fields. Today, in the echocardiography laboratory we can detect not only ischaemia from ...
Ishigami Akiko - - 2013
Moyamoya disease with special complications, including Graves' disease, is called as moyamoya syndrome. A 22-year-old Japanese woman had left middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory infarction complicated with Graves' disease. She had right-sided hemiparesis that deteriorated on day 8 with the infarct growth and thyrotoxicosis. On angiogram, the left MCA was ...
Soares-Filho Gastão L F - - 2013
Chest pain is often seen alongside with panic attacks. Moreover, panic disorder has been suggested as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and even a trigger for acute coronary syndrome. Patients with coronary artery disease may have myocardial ischemia in response to mental stress, in which panic attack is a ...
Choi Sharon S - - 2013
This review aims to describe new developments in coronary revascularization strategies for patients with pre-existing Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Recommended strategies for revascularization have been an active area of study with recent important developments. In patients with Type 2 DM and multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD), coronary artery bypass ...
Iqbal Javaid - - 2013
Patients with major or symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) commonly undergo revascularization-either with CABG surgery, which has been the mainstay of revascularization for more than half a century, or with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), which has become the more-commonly used strategy in the past decade. PCI has been tested in ...
Rabelo Daniel R - - 2013
Previous studies suggest that microvascular abnormalities may contribute to the pathogenesis of Chagas' heart disease. Coronary flow reserve (CFR) expressed by the maximum achievable flow relative to baseline flow in the coronary microcirculation, may be useful in identifying patients who may be developing cardiac manifestations of the disease. This study ...
Greene Jonathan - - 2013
We welcome the debate on the merits of fish oils. We are specifically interested in the use of fish oils for medical reasons (rather than for dietary ones) and in the impact of that use on the environment. First, we examine the effects of fish oil on cardiac disease. In ...
Fox Philip R - - 2013
Spontaneously occurring small animal models of myocardial disease, closely resembling the human condition, have been reported for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (in cats) and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (in cats and boxer dogs). Nonhypertrophied restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is a well-recognized but relatively uncommon primary heart muscle disease causing substantial morbidity in humans. ...
Khandelwal Ashish - - 2013
Adrenal infarction is an uncommon cause of adrenal insufficiency. We herein present unique occurrence of bilateral adrenal infarction detected on imaging in a young female with known history of Crohn's disease. The patient responded well to steroids and is on follow up. To our knowledge, this is the first case ...
Gora Monika M Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, - - 2013
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the leading causes of death in the developed countries. Myocardial infarction (MI) is an acute episode of CAD that results in myocardial injury and subsequent heart failure (HF). In the acute phase of MI several risk factors for future cardiovascular events have been ...
Vespasiani-Gentilucci Umberto - - 2013
Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) is a member of the interleukin-6 superfamily with known hypertrophic and protective actions upon cardiac myocytes. Although its effects on myocardial tissue and its role in hypertensive heart disease are well documented, there are no studies on CT-1 blood levels in patients with coronary artery disease. In this ...
Muller Matthew D - - 2013
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an atherosclerotic condition that can provoke symptoms of leg pain ("intermittent claudication") during exercise. Because PAD is often observed with comorbid conditions such hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, cigarette smoking, and/or physical inactivity, the pathophysiology of PAD is certainly complex and involves multiple organ systems. Patients with ...
Nagendran Jeevan - - 2013
The efficacy of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary artery disease has been well defined by randomized controlled trials. However, patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction <35%) were underrepresented in these trials, and management of these complex patients remains ...
Mavrogeni Sophie - - 2013
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a vasculitis affecting the coronary and systemic arteries. Myocardial inflammation is also a common finding in KD post-mortem evaluation during the acute phase of the disease. Coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) develop in 15-25 % of untreated children. Although 50-70 % of CAAs resolve spontaneously 1-2 years after the onset ...
Terai Masanori - - 2013
We attempted to clarify myocardial telomere dynamics using samples from 530 autopsied patients using Southern blot analysis. Overall regression analysis demonstrated yearly telomere reduction rate of 20 base pairs in the myocardium. There was a significant correlation between myocardial telomere and aging. Moreover, regression analyses of telomere and heart weight ...
Kim Hyun-Sik - - 2013
Although quantitative evaluation of myocardial blood flow (MBF) and myocardial flow reserve (MFR) has been perceived as an attractive advantage of positron emission tomography (PET) over other cardiac imaging technologies, application of the information to specific coronary lesions is a difficult task for nuclear cardiologists. We hypothesized that changes in ...
Nolte Froukje - - 2013
Coronary artery disease, CAD, is associated with both narrowing of the epicardial coronary arteries and microvascular disease, thereby limiting coronary flow and myocardial perfusion. CAD accounts for almost 2 million deaths within the European Union on an annual basis. In this paper, we review the physiological and pathophysiological processes underlying ...
Malev Eduard - - 2013
The aim of the study is to determine the impact of the underlying etiology (Barlow's disease or fibroelastic deficiency) on left ventricular function in patients with degenerative mitral valve disease and severe mitral regurgitation. We studied 233 patients (mean age: 53.8 ± 12.9) undergoing surgery for severe mitral regurgitation due to degenerative ...
Kurd Bushra Jawaid BJ Dow University of Health Science, Karachi, - - 2014
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide and accounts for 13.7% of deaths in countries like Pakistan. Its association with stress has not been well considered in our setup. Patients with coronary artery disease admitted for coronary artery bypass grafting may have a high prevalence of stress ...
Ambhore A - - 2013
Diabetes mellitus is responsible for diverse cardiovascular complications such as accelerated atherosclerosis, increased plaque burden and diffuse coronary lesions. It is also a major risk factor for myocardial infarction, stroke and peripheral vascular disease. Here, we present two cases. The first patient had subtle changes in the ECGs, with severe ...
Canat Lutfi - - 2013
Introduction: The correlation between erectile dysfunction (ED) and coronary artery disease has been emphasized and ED has been recognized as a potential independent risk factor and/or predictor of coronary artery disease (CAD). We evaluated the association between the number of occluded coronary arteries in myocardial infarction (MI) patients with the ...
Park Eun-Ah - - 2013
To analyze computed tomography (CT) characteristics of left ventricle (LV) fat deposition in patients without proven myocardial disease and to correlate these CT findings with electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiography data. We retrospectively searched our database of 14,470 consecutive coronary CT scans performed in the past 4 years for LV fat deposition ...
Saraiva Roberto M - - 2013
Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) may be implicated in the development of Chagas heart disease. However, the clinical value of TGF-β1 measurement is yet to be determined. We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of 54 Chagas disease patients without heart failure and with left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction >45% whose TGF-β1 serum ...
Farhad Hoshang - - 2013
During the last forty years tremendous progress has been made in our understanding of coronary atherosclerosis and in the development of methods to characterize atherosclerotic disease burden and risk. Stress testing is designed to elucidate abnormalities in myocardial perfusion during stress due to abnormal coronary vasomotor response. We summarize the ...
Salam Anooja Abdul - - 2013
An 11-yr-old girl, born out of a consanguineous marriage presented with recurrent exertional syncope due to ventricular tachycardia. She had woolly hair, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis and mild cardiomegaly. Echocardiogram revealed mild left ventricular dysfunction. Features were consistent with Carvajal variant of Naxos disease, an arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy with autosomal recessive inheritance.
Fan Meng M John and Jennifer Ruddy Canadian Cardiovascular Genetics Centre, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2013
Variants at the 9p21 locus associate with the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) or myocardial infarction (MI). However, atherosclerotic plaque deposition is distinct from MI (plaque rupture and thrombosis), and recent studies showed no association between these variants and MI in patients with preexisting CAD. We performed haplotype analysis ...
Anselmi Amedeo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Coronary spasm has been described in the context of carcinoid heart disease, but few information are avilable over perioperative coronary spasm. METHODS: We describe the case of a patient developing severe spasm of the entire coronary tree immediately after tricuspid valve surgery for carcinoid heart disease, leading to severe ...
Jamee Amal - - 2013
Traditionally coronary artery disease (CAD) has been considered as disease affecting men, and for long time women were not included in researches programme. In both sexes, coronary heart disease risk increases with age. Extensive clinical and statistical studies have identified serial factors that increase the risk of coronary heart disease, ...
Torosoff M T - - 2013
In patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD), myocardial revascularization should be performed to either improve survival or improve symptoms and functional status among patients who are not well controlled with optimal medical therapy (OMT). A general consensus exists on the core elements of OMT, which include both lifestyle intervention ...
Feng Chao - - 2013
Background: Isolated pontine infarctions are classified as paramedian pontine infarction (PPI) and lacunar pontine infarction (LPI), usually attributed to basilar artery (BA) atherosclerosis and small vessel disease (SVD), respectively. Recently, researchers found BA atherosclerotic plaques in LPI and made the pathogenesis of LPI confusing. Methods: We evaluated the presence and ...
Narala Karthiek R - - 2013
Atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries is common, extensive, and more unstable among patients with chronic renal impairment or chronic kidney disease (CKD). The initial presentation of coronary disease is often acute coronary syndrome (ACS) that tends to be more complicated and has a higher risk of death in this population. ...
Amarenco Pierre - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The impact of asymptomatic coronary artery disease on the risk of major vascular events in patients with cerebral infarction is unknown. METHODS: Four hundred five patients with acute cerebral infarction underwent carotid, femoral artery, thoracic, and abdominal aorta ultrasound examination. Of 342 patients with no known coronary ...
Caudron Jérôme J Inserm U1096, Rouen, France. - - 2013
To investigate myocardial relaxation times and perfusion values in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) at various stages of the disease, with or without anti-fibrotic therapy, and to correlate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings with histopathological myocardial fibrosis and capillary density. Five groups of rats underwent MRI at 4.7 T. They were ...
Katsiki Niki - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We comment on the associations between epicardial adiposity and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated risk factors. The effects of lifestyle measures and CVD drugs on cardiac adipose tissue are also discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Epicardial adipose tissue exerts cardioprotective properties; however, in cases of pathological enlargement, epicardial fat ...
Luan Hemi - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this pilot study is to find discriminating signals from the patient's congestive heart failure (HF) caused by coronary artery disease (CAD) through a non-target metabolomics method and test their usefulness in progress of human HF diseases. Multivariate data analysis was used to identify the discriminating signals. ...
Dimitroulas Theodoros - - 2013
Cardiac involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a frequent visceral complication that considerably affects the prognosis of the disease. The pathophysiologic hallmark is myocardial fibrosis which can progress leading to arrhythmia, right and/or left heart dysfunction and failure. Symptoms range from unusual to prominent and from mild to dramatic, but ...
Rathore Sulaiman - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Von Willebrand disease (vWD) results from quantitative or qualitative deficiency of von Willebrand factor (vWF). The occurrence of myocardial infarction is very rare in patients with vWD. A few case reports of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in vWD patients are present in the literature, but no definite management recommendations ...
Forsey Jonathan - - 2013
Assessment of myocardial strain using speckle tracking echocardiography is an emerging echocardiographic technique that is increasingly used in the diagnosis and management of acquired heart disease in adults. In pediatric heart disease, this is still mainly considered as a research tool as the application of this technology has been slowed ...
Dahdouh Ziad - - 2013
The aim of this study was to appreciate the safety and effectiveness of transradial percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with rotational atherectomy for highly calcified left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease in octogenarians. Conventional surgery is still considered the preferred management for LMCA disease; but, when the lesion is severely calcified, ...
Apostolidou Eirini - - 2013
While coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been the standard of care for patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease, advances in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have made stent placement a reasonable alternative in selected patients. In this review, we address the results of studies comparing PCI with CABG, ...
Taylor Clare J CJ Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston B15 2TT, United - - 2013
Heart failure and coronary artery disease share many risk factors. Coronary artery disease often pre-dates the development of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. A diagnosis of heart failure should be considered in any patient with a history of coronary artery disease who presents with breathlessness, ankle oedema or fatigue. ...
Oparil Suzanne S University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, - - 2013
To determine whether an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (lisinopril) or calcium channel blocker (amlodipine) is superior to a diuretic (chlorthalidone) in reducing cardiovascular disease incidence in sex subgroups, we carried out a prespecified subgroup analysis of 15 638 women and 17 719 men in the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent ...
Nakanishi Rine - - 2013
Heart failure is a complex and progressive disease that leads to significant morbidity and mortality. The clinical manifestations of heart failure may result from a variety of disorders, although ischemic heart disease is the leading cause in Western society. Due to the fact that patients with ischemic heart disease benefit ...
Lim Michael J - - 2013
Left ventricular (LV) dysfunction has been shown to be significantly related to ongoing myocardial ischemia, hibernation, and thus, coronary artery disease. Current treatments for patients with LV dysfunction and concomitant coronary artery disease center around the potential benefit of coronary revascularization, in the form of either coronary artery bypass grafting ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >