Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1525
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Inoue Aritomo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Various clinical trials for dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) have demonstrated that the prognosis as well as cardiac function is improved by the administration of beta-blocker therapy. On the other hand, 123I-betamethyl-p-iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) reflects myocardial fatty acid metabolism and is considered to be a more sensitive tracer than perfusion tracers. ...
Feringa Harm H H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is less invasive than endarterectomy. This study examined differences in perioperative myocardial ischemia, troponin T release and clinical cardiac events in patients undergoing CAS compared with endarterectomy. METHODS: In an observational study, CAS was performed in 24 and carotid endarterectomy in 44 patients. Before surgery, ...
Feringa Harm H H - - 2007
This study examines differences in cardiac arrhythmias, perioperative myocardial ischemia, troponin T release, and cardiovascular events between endovascular and open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Of 175 patients, 126 underwent open AAA repair and 49 underwent endovascular AAA repair. Continuous 12-lead electrocardiographic monitoring, starting 1 day before surgery and ...
Diamond George A - - 2007
A recent, widely publicized meta-analysis of 42 clinical trials concluded that rosiglitazone was associated with an approximately 43% increased risk for myocardial infarction and an approximately 64% increased risk for cardiovascular death. The sensitivity of these conclusions to several methodological choices was not assessed. The meta-analysis was not based on ...
Maas Renke - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In patients with cardiovascular disease or organ failure, elevated plasma concentrations of the endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) are associated with an increased risk of future cardiovascular events. We aimed to investigate elevated plasma ADMA concentrations as a prospective risk marker for adverse events in patients ...
Das Mithilesh Kumar - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fragmented QRS (fQRS) on a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is associated with myocardial scar in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). OBJECTIVE: We postulated that fQRS is a predictor of cardiac events and mortality in patients who have known CAD or who are being evaluated for CAD. METHODS: The cardiac ...
Tanaka Yuri - - 2007
An initial acute coronary event is an important predictor of future cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease. The aim of this study was to identify an association between acute coronary events during the predialysis phase of chronic kidney disease and major adverse cardiac events in ...
Albert Michelle A MA Center for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Donald W. Reynolds Center for Cardiovascular Disease Research, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2008
Soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) is a transmembrane protein involved in the migration and adhesion of leukocytes to the vascular endothelium. While some studies indicate that elevated baseline sICAM-1 levels predict cardiovascular events, most of these studies were done in men; moreover, uncertainty exists regarding whether sICAM-1 levels predict vascular ...
Valeur Nana - - 2007
The prognostic accuracy of exercise testing after myocardial infarction is low, and different models have been proposed to enhance the predictive value for subsequent mortality. This study tested a simple score against 3 established scores. Patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarctions were randomized in the Danish Trial in Acute Myocardial Infarction-2 ...
Biccard B M - - 2007
Clinical risk prediction is important in the prognostication of peri-operative cardiac complications and the management of high-risk cardiac patients for major non-cardiac surgery. However, the current pre-operative clinical risk indices have been derived in European and American patients and not validated in South African patients. The purpose of this study ...
Nagao Tadashi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although electrocardiogram-gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) may be useful in risk stratification of elderly patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), few studies have prospectively evaluated its prognostic value in this patient population. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 175 patients aged 75 years or more with known or ...
Ye Ping - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether lipid-lowering therapy with xuezhikang reduces the risk of coronary events and total mortality in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) aged 65 and older. DESIGN: Subgroup analysis of the China Coronary Secondary Prevention Study, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. SETTING: Sixty-six hospitals in China. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Acampa Wanda - - 2007
This study assessed the predictors and temporal characteristics of cardiac risk in patients undergoing stress single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Stress SPECT was performed in 346 patients 12 to 18 months after PCI. Cardiac death and myocardial infarction were considered events. Cox proportional hazards analysis ...
Poole-Wilson Philip A - - 2007
AIMS: To describe the clinical course of patients with stable angina due to coronary heart disease without a history of cardiovascular (CV) events or revascularization (isolated angina). METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 7,665 patients in a trial comparing long-acting nifedipine with placebo, 2170 (28%) had isolated angina. During a mean follow-up ...
Winkler Mathias H - - 2007
Unrecognized or silent perioperative myocardial ischemia is common in patients who undergo high-risk surgery, including cystectomy, and could predict cardiac morbidity and mortality in postoperative patients. This disorder is not merely a marker of extensive coronary disease but has a close association with perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI). In a review ...
Fitchett David - - 2007
Recurrent ischemic events after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remain common. Antithrombotic therapy with coronary revascularization reduces the frequency of such life-threatening events. However, with the greater use of antithrombotic medications and early revascularization, bleeding has become an increasingly important problem. Not only does bleeding result in an immediate threat, ...
Kimura Bruce J - - 2007
Limited ultrasound imaging studies using hand-carried ultrasound devices at the point of care have individually shown feasibility in the detection of carotid atheroma, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, left atrial enlargement, and abdominal aortic aneurysm. To evaluate the utility of a specific cardiovascular limited ultrasound examination (CLUE) designed to detect all ...
Eijkelkamp Wouter B A - - 2007
Effects of cardiovascular dysfunction on renal function have been poorly characterized. Therefore, we investigated the relation between a first ischemic cardiac event and long-term renal function changes in the general population from the PREVEND study. We studied 6,360 subjects with a total follow-up duration of 27.017 subject-years. The estimated mean ...
Maciel Patrícia Tolledo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Glycemia and inflammatory markers were associated with clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of glycemia and inflammatory markers as predictors of late cardiovascular outcomes after ACS. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-nine ACS patients of a Coronary Care Unit were included, from ...
Robinson Simon D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The endothelium-derived fibrinolytic factor tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) is a major determinant of vessel patency after coronary plaque rupture and thrombosis. We assessed whether endothelial fibrinolytic capacity predicts atherothrombotic events in patients with coronary heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Plasma t-PA and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 concentrations were measured ...
Kirwan Bridget-Anne - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Few trials report event-adjudication procedures in detail. Using data from the ACTION (A Coronary disease Trial Investigating Outcome with Nifedipine GITS) study, we compared the impact on event-rates of an adjudication strategy based on systematic screening of all reported serious adverse events (SAEs) with a strategy based on investigator ...
Karagiannis Stefanos E - - 2007
Patients with heart failure (HF) scheduled for vascular surgery have an increased risk of adverse postoperative outcome, and stratification usually depends on dichotomous risk factors. A quantitative prognostic model for patients with HF was developed using wall motion patterns during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). A total of 295 consecutive patients ...
Jeetley Paramjit - - 2007
We hypothesized that myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) could be used to stratify risk in patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome but a nondiagnostic electrocardiogram and negative troponin. Pretest Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) scores were determined. Exercise electrocardiographic data in those patients undergoing treadmill stress echocardiography as part of risk ...
Antonini Lanfranco - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess the possible role of a prognostic index based on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in a large cohort of patients with recent myocardial infarction. METHODS: The study population included 1335 consecutive patients admitted for ST elevation myocardial infarction and discharged alive from ...
Varughese G I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Abnormal levels of prothrombotic markers have been described in hypertension, but no such marker has yet been shown to reliably predict cardiovascular outcomes in hypertension. We hypothesized that raised circulating levels of soluble P-selectin (sP-sel, an index of platelet activation) and/or von Willebrand factor (vWF, an index of endothelial ...
Avakian Solange D - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical and echocardiographic variables that could be used to predict outcomes in patients with asymptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis. Management of asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis is controversial. Because prophylactic surgery may be protective, independent predictors of events that could justify early surgery have been sought. METHODS: Outpatients ...
Long Graham W - - 2007
The North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET) and Asymptomatic Carotid Atherosclerosis Study (ACAS) demonstrated the efficacy of carotid endarterectomy (CEA), but these studies were published 15 and 11 years ago, respectively. We hypothesized that present clinical results of CEA have improved compared with those reported by NASCET/ACAS. Every patient ...
Tripepi Giovanni - - 2007
Left atrial volume (LAV), as indexed by height(2.7), has recently emerged as an useful echocardiographic measurement to refine the estimate of cardiovascular (CV) risk in ESRD. Whether progression or regression in LAV has prognostic value in patients with ESRD is still unknown. The prognostic value for CV events of changes ...
Ehsani Jonathon Pouya - - 2007
The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of adverse events in acute surgical admissions for cardiac disease in admitted episodes in the year 2003-2004 and to estimate the cost of these complications to the Victorian health system. Cardiac surgery adverse events are among the most frequent and ...
Al-Radi Osman O - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The Aristotle Basic Complexity score and the Risk Adjustment in Congenital Heart Surgery system were developed by consensus to compare outcomes of congenital cardiac surgery. We compared the predictive value of the 2 systems. METHODS: Of all index congenital cardiac operations at our institution from 1982 to 2004 (n ...
Bailey James J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial showed that in post-myocardial infarction patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) 0.30, an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) resulted in a 31% relative reduction in the risk of death when compared with a conventional therapy group. Whether further refinement in risk estimation ...
Mehta Jawahar L - - 2007
Initial studies showed that C-reactive protein (CRP) may have a role in the genesis of atherosclerotic lesions and as a novel biomarkers of patients at risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) events. Most of these studies had methodologic limitations, and recent data contradict these findings and suggest that inflammatory ...
De Chiara Benedetta - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether an altered redox state persists in the subacute phase of myocardial infarction and if specific redox patterns are associated with later cardiac events. METHODS: Ninety-seven patients [80 men, median 63 (interquartile range, 53, 69) years] with a first acute myocardial infarction, with (53%) or without ST ...
Melby Spencer J - - 2007
: Bipolar radiofrequency ablation recently has been used to replace many of the incisions of the Cox-Maze procedure in the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation. The unique aspect of this technology is that it uses an algorithm based on changes in tissue conductance to determine the energy required to achieve ...
Jaffery Zehra - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic utility of the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) risk score in patients in the emergency department (ED) evaluated for possible acute coronary syndrome (ACS). BACKGROUND: The ability of the TIMI risk score to risk stratify patients at initial presentation in the ED with chest pain ...
Rozanski Alan - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work was to assess the prognosis in patients undergoing both coronary artery calcium (CAC) scanning and exercise myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS). BACKGROUND: Whereas the prognostic effectiveness of MPS is well established, recent studies indicate that quantification of CAC also predicts cardiac outcomes. However, prognostic information ...
Kashimoto Satoshi - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess whether nicorandil reduces the likelihood of cardiac events during and after intermediate risk surgery. DESIGN: Multicenter study. SETTING: 13 hospitals in Japan. PATIENTS: Intermediate-risk patients were identified by the presence of risk factors such as angina, a history of myocardial infarction, heart failure, diabetes mellitus, and ...
Salerno Stephen M - - 2007
PURPOSE: The study assessed whether the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) preoperative cardiac assessment guidelines impact patient management and predict major cardiac events in patients undergoing orthopedic surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 338 consecutive orthopedic preoperative evaluations performed by internal medicine consultants. Major ...
Lauer Michael S - - 2007
Symptoms that suggest myocardial ischemia raise two questions: does the patient have severe, hemodynamically obstructive coronary artery disease, and is he or she at risk for premature death or an early, major nonfatal cardiac event? Noninvasive cardiac testing may help with the first question in patients with an intermediate risk ...
Kaplan Robert C - - 2007
CONTEXT: Prior observational studies have demonstrated that the GH/IGF axis is associated with cardiovascular disease. However, this association has not been extensively studied among older adults. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the association between levels of total IGF-I and IGF binding proteins (IGFBP-1, IGFBP-3) and risk ...
Belonje Anne - - 2007
Major adverse cardiac events in endurance exercise are usually due to underlying and unsuspected heart disease. The investigators present an analysis of major adverse cardiac events that occurred during 2 consecutive annual long distance races (a 36-km beach cycling race and a 21-km half marathon) over the past 5 years. ...
Dorbala Sharmila - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We determined the prognostic value of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in patients with atypical clinical presentations and unexpected elevation of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 156 consecutive patients with atypical presentations for acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and elevated cTnI levels undergoing MPI within 30 days, ...
Daskalopoulou Stella S - - 2007
Carotid artery disease is a well-established cause of cerebrovascular events. This risk is predicted by the severity of stenosis and other plaque characteristics that can be documented using imaging techniques. Among these techniques, ultrasound is the most widely available. Increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) measured ultrasonically is associated with a ...
Artieda Marta - - 2007
BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein (CRP) is a well-established inflammation marker associated with cardiovascular risk. However, its relationship with chitotriosidase activity, a novel marker of activated macrophages highly expressed in human atherosclerotic plaques, is unknown. Therefore, we sought to determine if serum chitotriosidase activity predicts the risk of new coronary events, and ...
Polido Wilfredo W - - 2007
Acute myocardial infarction is a tedious risk inherent in all major surgeries. Preoperative assessment has been directed mainly to assess its risk because it carries with it a very high mortality. Living donor liver transplantation has been subject to inquest not only because of the morbidity risk but also because ...
Tang Eng Wei - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) hospital discharge risk score (GRACE score) developed from a multinational registry involving all subsets of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) predicted 6-month survival. There is currently no validated risk model to predict mortality beyond 6 months. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of the 1143 ...
Murray Deirdre - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Acidosis caused by increased unmeasured anion levels occurs frequently after cardiac surgery, with uncertain significance. We examined the ability of unmeasured anions and lactate to predict major events after cardiac surgery, in addition to lactate/increased unmeasured anion levels during low cardiac output states. METHODS: In the initial 6 months, ...
Robinson Jennifer G - - 2007
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) family of genes plays a major role in metabolic regulation. Unfortunately, the results of two recent, large event trials of PPAR agonists have been mixed. High rates of crossover to statin use confound the interpretation of the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes (FIELD) ...
Jeetley Paramjit - - 2007
AIMS: Patients attending hospital with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS), non-diagnostic electrocardiogram (ECG), and negative troponin present a diagnostic dilemma for admitting physicians. We sought to determine the clinical and economic impact of stress echocardiography (SEcho) when compared with exercise ECG (ExECG) in the assessment of these patients. METHODS AND ...
Urbaniak Klaudia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiac complications are frequently encountered by neurointensivists caring for patients with SAH. Our aim was to better characterize the natural history of various cardiac abnormalities in this population. We sought to determine the risk factors for cardiac abnormalities, patient outcome, and impact of treatment type on cardiac abnormalities. METHODS: ...
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