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Kawabata Yuichi Y Department of Neurology, Yokohama Sakae Kyosai Hospital, Yokohama, Japan; Department of Stroke Medicine, Yokohama Sakae Kyosai Hospital, Yokohama, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The case of an 86-year-old man presenting with isolated left index finger palsy caused by infarction on the lateral side of the right precentral knob is presented. Embolization from aortic atheroma was considered the cause of infarction. Cases with selective palsy of a particular group of fingers without sensory deficits ...
Triggiani Massimo M aDivision of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University of Salerno, Salerno bDepartment of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Parma, - - 2014
Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening event in which the cardiovascular system is responsible for the majority of clinical symptoms and for potentially fatal outcome. This review summarizes the most recent clinical and experimental data on cardiovascular involvement during anaphylaxis. Great efforts have been made in the last few years to understand ...
Kounis Nicholas G NG *From the Department of Medical Science, Patras Highest Institute of Education and Technology, Patras, Achaia, Greece and the †Department of Cardiology, University of Patras Medical School, Patras, Achaia, - - 2014
Metallic devices are increasingly used in contemporary cardiological practice. They include coronary stents, artificial cardiac valves, bioprostheses for trancatheter aortic valve replacement, closure devices for patent foramen ovale and atrial septal defects, pacemakers and defibrillators and left ventricular assist devices. Metals constitute the main components of these devices. Metal anions ...
van Ginkel Ag A Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333, ZA, Leiden, the - - 2014
We report a case of an allergic reaction after the administration of an echocardiographic contrast agent which resulted in ST-segment elevation. Hypersensitivity and allergic reactions are known causes of acute cardiovascular events. However, only limited reports are available which suggest the exact mechanism of the occurrence of angina or myocardial ...
Kaya Oguz Kaan OK . - - 2014
Purpose: Diastolic heart failure is characterized by the presence of heart failure symptoms despite preserved systolic function. Cytokines released during allergic reactions may impair diastolic heart function, either through their direct toxic effects or by inducing coronary artery spasm. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of ...
Tiwari Akhilesh Kumar - - 2013
"Kounis syndrome" refers to acute coronary syndromes of varying degree (myocardial ischaemia to infarction) induced by mast cell activation as a result of allergic and anaphylactic reactions. ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction is a rare complication that can occur even in patients with normal coronary arteries due to anaphylactic reactions. We ...
Marcoux Veronica - - 2013
We report the case of a 43-year-old man with anaphylactic shock and concurrent ST-elevation myocardial infarction during a planned inguinal hernia surgery. This event occurred shortly after introduction of latex into the surgical field. Coronary angiography revealed a 70% occlusive lesion in the right coronary artery. Further discussion with the ...
Arslan Z - - 2013
Wasp stings have been demonstrated to cause a wide spectrum of allergic reactions from localised reactions to anaphylaxis. Acute coronary syndromes have been described as potential complications of anaphylactic reactions or some of the drugs used for the treatment of anaphylaxis. We know of only a few cases reported of ...
Bozic Kevin J KJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2013
Administrative claims data are increasingly being used in public reporting of provider performance and health services research. However, the concordance between administrative claims data and the clinical record in lower extremity total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is unknown. We evaluated the concordance between administrative claims and the clinical record for 13 ...
Yoko Shinagawa S Cardiovascular Center, Tachikawa General Hospital, Nagaoka 940-8621, Japan ; Gastroenterology, Tachikawa General Hospital, Nagaoka 940-8621, - - 2013
We described a case of an 82-year-old male who presented with a granuloma entrapping the polyurethane-coated pacing lead at the site of contact on the atrium. He had been paced for 8 years without symptoms or signs suggestive of an allergic reaction to the pacemaker system and died from thrombosis ...
Mizuno Hiroya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although the importance of contact force monitoring during mapping and ablation procedures is widely recognized, only indirect measurements have been validated. METHODS: Real-time force values were measured using the force-sensing catheter and electroanatomical mapping system from 27 chambers (13 LVs, 6 RVs, and 8 epicardial space) in 17 patients ...
Işık Turgay - - 2012
Myocardial infarction (MI) following a bee sting is a highly unusual reaction. A 65-year-old man allergic to honeybee venom was admitted to the emergency department suffering from a wasp sting with urticaria. The patient had a history of bare metal stent (BMS) 9 months previously with regular drug use. He ...
Ng Derek K - - 2012
It is unclear how lack of health insurance or otherwise being underinsured contributes to observed racial disparities in health outcomes related to cardiovascular disease. To determine the relative risk of death associated with insurance and race after hospital admission for an acute cardiovascular event. Prospective cohort study in three hospitals ...
Palmerini Tullio - - 2012
This study sought to determine whether coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is associated with an increased risk of stroke compared with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Some, but not all, randomized trials have reported increased rates of stroke with CABG compared with PCI. However, all these studies were powered insufficiently ...
Cherian Sam - - 2012
Epicardial and perivascular fat depot size is considered an index of cardiac and visceral obesity. The functional and anatomic proximity of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) to myocardium has drawn increasing attention among researchers in recent years attempting to elucidate its putative role as an endocrine organ. This includes its role ...
Neglia Danilo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk factors are classically associated with coronary atherosclerosis. We sought to investigate whether risk factors are also associated with left ventricular (LV) dilatation, contractile impairment and reduced myocardial blood flow (MBF) in patients with non-ischemic LV dysfunction. METHODS: We studied 81 patients (59 males, age 60 ± 9 years) with mild-to-severe ...
László Krisztina D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The prognostic role of job insecurity in coronary heart disease is unknown. We aimed to analyze whether job insecurity predicts mortality and recurrent events after a first acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: We studied non-fatal AMI cases involved in the Stockholm Heart Epidemiology Program who were in paid employment ...
Smith Kelsey K Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, - - 2013
Detectable levels of cardiac troponins are common in individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD), even in the absence of symptomatic cardiovascular disease. Abnormal cardiac troponin values are associated with coronary artery disease and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and predict poor clinical outcomes. Elevated levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) ...
Jang Jae-Sik - - 2012
Clinical outcomes for unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease between coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and drug-eluting stents (DESs) remain controversial. We aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using DESs with CABG in patients with ULMCA disease. Databases were searched for clinical studies ...
Ng Martin K C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: PERIPROCEDURAL MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION (MI) OCCURS IN A SIGNIFICANT PROPORTION OF PATIENTS UNDERGOING PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION (PCI) AND PORTENDS POOR OUTCOMES. CURRENTLY, NO CLINICALLY APPLICABLE METHOD PREDICTS PERIPROCEDURAL MI IN THE CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION LABORATORY BEFORE IT OCCURS. WE HYPOTHESIZED THAT IMPAIRED BASELINE CORONARY MICROCIRCULATORY RESERVE, WHICH REDUCES THE ABILITY TO ...
Greener Ian D - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the links between connexin43 (Cx43) expression, myocardial conduction velocity, and ventricular tachycardia in a model of healed myocardial infarction. Post-infarction ventricular arrhythmias frequently cause sudden death. Impaired myocardial conduction has previously been linked to ventricular arrhythmias. Altered connexin expression is a potential ...
Park Duk-Woo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING AND PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION (PCI) ARE ALTERNATIVE TREATMENTS FOR COMPLEX MULTIVESSEL OR LEFT MAIN DISEASE. HOWEVER, THE RELATIVE TREATMENT EFFECTS IN DIABETIC AND NONDIABETIC PATIENTS REMAIN UNCERTAIN.METHODS AND RESULTS: WE PERFORMED A POOLED ANALYSIS OF 5775 PATIENTS FROM 3 CLINICAL STUDIES COMPARING PCI AND CORONARY ...
Pursnani Seema - - 2012
BACKGROUND: THE ROLE OF PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION (PCI) IN THE MANAGEMENT OF STABLE CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE REMAINS CONTROVERSIAL. GIVEN ADVANCEMENTS IN MEDICAL THERAPIES AND STENT TECHNOLOGY OVER THE LAST DECADE, WE SOUGHT TO EVALUATE WHETHER PCI, WHEN ADDED TO MEDICAL THERAPY, IMPROVES OUTCOMES WHEN COMPARED WITH MEDICAL THERAPY ALONE.METHODS AND ...
Eguchi Megumi - - 2012
This study was conducted to examine the influence of acute streptozotocin-induced diabetes on cardiac remodeling and function in mice subjected to myocardial infarction (MI) by coronary artery ligation. Echocardiography analysis indicated that diabetes induced deleterious cardiac functional changes as demonstrated by the negative differences of ejection fraction, fractional shortening, stroke ...
Luo Yawei - - 2012
This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of diabetes on patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease treated with either percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG). The optimal coronary revascularization strategy in diabetic patients with unprotected LMCA disease remains uncertain. A total of 823 ...
Chalupka Stephanie - - 2012
Calcium supplements have been associated with elevated risk of myocardial infarction, whereas dietary calcium intake has not.
Fernandes Fábio - - 2012
The hallmark of Chagas disease (CD) is multifocal myocarditis and extensive fibrosis. We investigated the potential effect of colchicine on myocardial remodeling in experimental CD. One hundred Syrian hamsters were randomly divided into noninfected untreated control (CG), noninfected control treated with colchicine (COLG 0.4 mg kg(-1) d(-1) by gavage), infected ...
Palacio Santiago S Department of Neurology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 78229-3900, USA. - - 2012
In the Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes (SPS3) trial, addition of clopidogrel to aspirin was associated with an unexpected increase in mortality in patients with lacunar strokes. We assessed the effect of the addition of clopidogrel to aspirin on mortality in a meta-analysis of published randomized trials. Randomized trials ...
Sá Mpbo - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of blood versus crystalloid cardioplegia for myocardial protection in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL/CCTR, SciELO, LILACS, Google Scholar and reference lists of relevant articles were searched for clinical studies that reported in-hospital outcomes after blood or crystalloid cardioplegia for myocardial protection during ...
Capodanno D - - 2012
Background: Thrombin receptor antagonists blocking the protease-activated-receptor-1 (PAR-1) on platelets represent a new class of oral antiplatelet agents for patients with atherothrombotic disease manifestations. Objectives: We investigated the safety and efficacy of PAR-1 antagonists in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients/Methods: Randomized, placebo-controlled trials of PAR-1 antagonists atopaxar or ...
van Boxtel Astrid G M AG Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The - - 2012
Elevated cardiac enzymes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery have been identified as a risk factor for worse postoperative outcome. Cardiac enzymes play an important role in the diagnosis of perioperative myocardial infarction. This study aims to investigate the predictive value of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) with respect to early ...
Boyd Anita C - - 2012
AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) can result in the development of left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombi. We sought to examine demographic and echocardiographic predictors of LAA thrombus in patients with persistent AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-five patients in persistent AF (36 with LAA thrombus and 129 without thrombus) ...
Bonaca Marc P - - 2012
This study sought to investigate whether pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) is useful for risk assessment in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). PAPP-A is a high molecular weight, zinc-binding metalloproteinase that is associated with vulnerable plaque and may be a predictor of cardiovascular disease and mortality. We measured PAPP-A at ...
Navitsky Michael A MA Department of Bioengineering, The Pennsylvania State University, 205 Hallowell Building, University Park, PA 16802, - - 2013
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have proven successful as bridge to transplant devices for patients awaiting donor organs. While survival rates continue to increase, destination therapy remains hindered by thrombus formation within the device. Research has shown that thrombosis is correlated to the fluid dynamics within the device and may ...
Zampetaki Anna A King's British Heart Foundation Centre, King's College London, United - - 2012
This study sought to explore the association between baseline levels of microRNAs (miRNAs) (1995) and incident myocardial infarction (1995 to 2005) in the Bruneck cohort and determine their cellular origin. Circulating miRNAs are emerging as potential biomarkers. We previously identified an miRNA signature for type 2 diabetes in the general ...
Bignami Elena - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the cardioprotective properties of isoflurane versus any comparator in terms of the rate of myocardial infarction and all-cause mortality. DESIGN: Pertinent studies were searched independently in Biomed, Central, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of clinical trials. The primary endpoint ...
Osto Elena - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. However, data on the association between asymptomatic PHPT and cardiovascular risk are lacking. We assessed coronary flow reserve (CFR), as a marker of coronary microvascular function, in asymptomatic PHPT of recent onset. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 100 PHPT ...
Kim Young-Hak - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of ischemia-guided (IG) revascularization. The importance of IG revascularization has not been well-determined. The outcomes of IG revascularization, in which revascularization was performed in the matched coronary artery with the perfusion abnormality on myocardial perfusion image (MPI), were retrospectively compared ...
Jeewa Aamir - - 2012
Background:Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF1A) regulates the myocardial response to hypoxia and hemodynamic load. We investigated the association of HIF1A variants with right ventricular (RV) remodeling after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair.Methods:Children with TOF were genotyped for 3 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in HIF1A. Genotypes were analyzed for association with RV myocardial ...
Wu Lezhou - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Left ventricular remodeling plays a vital role in the progression of heart failure and contributes to the clinical and symptomatic deterioration. METHOD:: We conducted a community-based, cross-sectional study in the middle-aged and geriatric population to assess various potential risk factors for predicting left ventricular enlargement (LVE) and hypertrophy (LVH). ...
Iso Hiroyasu - - 2012
Aim: To examine the impact of C-reactive protein on the risks of stroke and its subtypes, particularly among Asian populations in which median C-reactive protein levels are typically lower than in Western populations.Methods: A prospective, nested case-control study was conducted to examine the associations between high sensitivity-CRP (hs-CRP) and risks ...
Singh Sonal - - 2012
The majority of deaths in COPD are from cardiovascular causes. Several large randomized controlled trials demonstrate that inhaled anticholinergic agents ipratropium and tiotropium increase the risk of serious cardiovascular events, including cardiovascular mortality. Tiotropium Respimat is associated with a statistically significant increased risk of mortality (RR 1.52; 95% CI 1.06 ...
Broch K - - 2012
Heart failure is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western world. It is often a progressive disease, and the pathophysiology behind this adverse development is not completely understood. Biomarkers are of increasing importance in heart failure research. Despite a growing number of candidate markers, only a select ...
Masi S - - 2012
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance are often associated with the co-occurrence of coronary atherosclerosis and cardiac dysfunction. The aim of this study was to define the independent relationships between left ventricular dysfunction or ischaemia and patterns of myocardial perfusion and metabolism in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Twenty-four type ...
Arbel Yaron - - 2012
Background: Abnormalities in repolarization may reflect underlying myocardial pathology and play a prominent role in arrhythmogenesis The T-wave amplitude has been associated with cardiovascular outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) Additionally, T-wave amplitude is considered a predictor of arrhythmias, as well as being related to an individual's inflammatory ...
Gregg Richard E - - 2012
Classifying the location of an occlusion in the culprit artery during ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is important for risk stratification to optimize treatment. We developed a new logistic regression (LR) algorithm for 3-group classification of occlusion location as proximal right coronary artery (RCA), middle-to-distal RCA or left circumflex (LCx) coronary ...
Lv HuiJuan - - 2012
For more than a half century, autoimmunity has been linked to a diverse array of heart diseases, including rheumatic carditis, myocarditis, Chagas' cardiomyopathy, post-myocardial infarction (Dressler's) syndrome, and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Why the heart is targeted by autoimmunity in these seemingly unrelated conditions has remained enigmatic. Here, we discuss our ...
Chen Jian-Hua - - 2012
The present study investigated the molecular pathology of atrial and brain natriuretic peptides (ANP and BNP) in the myocardium to evaluate terminal cardiac function in routine forensic casework with particular regard to fatal drug intoxication (n = 18; sedative-hypnotics, n = 10; methamphetamine, n = 8), hypothermia (cold exposure, n = 13), and hyperthermia (heatstroke, n = 10), compared with ...
Takatsuki Shinichi S Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO, - - 2012
To evaluate the clinical utility of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in assessment of disease severity and prognostic value in children with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). A prospective study was performed to evaluate TDI velocities (systolic myocardial velocity, early diastolic myocardial relaxation velocity [Em], late diastolic myocardial velocity associated with ...
Pérez-Hernández Nonanzit - - 2012
Aim: Was to evaluate the role of seven matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) polymorphisms in the genetic susceptibility to develop myocardial infarction in Mexican individuals.Methods: Seven polymorphisms in the MMP genes were genotyped by 5' exonuclease TaqMan genotyping assays in 300 patients with myocardial infarction and 300 healthy unrelated controls.Results: A similar ...
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