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Williams Brent A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Elevated resting heart rate (RHR) is a robust risk factor for cardiac events, and recent clinical trial evidence suggests lowering RHR may reduce cardiac risk among individuals with elevated RHR and known coronary artery disease (CAD). This study sought to elucidate the extent to which myocardial perfusion defects explain ...
Wu Katherine C - - 2012
Annually, ≈80,000 Americans receive guideline-based primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), but appropriate firing rates are low. Current selection criteria for ICDs rely on left ventricular ejection fraction, which lacks sensitivity and specificity. Because scar-related myocardial tissue heterogeneity is a substrate for life-threatening arrhythmias, we hypothesized that cardiac magnetic resonance identification ...
Jouan Jérôme - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary bypass remains associated with significant morbidity and mortality, in part caused by a systemic inflammatory response that is unpredictable and variable among patients. Several limited studies have suggested associations of cytokine plasma levels or gene polymorphisms with outcome after cardiopulmonary bypass. The present study was to determine the ...
Ma Heng - - 2012
Myocardial perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with sliding-window conjugate-gradient highly constrained back-projection reconstruction (SW-CG-HYPR) allows whole left ventricular coverage, improved temporal and spatial resolution and signal/noise ratio, and reduced cardiac motion-related image artifacts. The accuracy of this technique for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been determined in a ...
Holtz Jonathan E - - 2012
We sought to determine whether mitral annular calcium (MAC) is associated with inducible myocardial ischemia and adverse cardiovascular outcomes in ambulatory patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). MAC is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the general population, but its association with CVD outcomes in patients with CAD has not ...
Orn Stein - - 2012
Objectives:  To assess the relationship between interleukin (IL)-1-related molecules, infarct size and left ventricular (LV) remodelling following acute myocardial infarction (MI). Methods:  Forty-two patients with first-time diagnosis of ST segment elevation MI (STEMI), with a single occluded vessel successfully revascularized by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), were recruited to this ...
Ingelsson Erik - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The leukotriene pathway has been associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. However, the effects of the antileukotriene treatment used in asthmatic patients on cardiovascular outcomes have remained largely unexplored. OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine a potential protective role of the leukotriene receptor antagonist montelukast on future risk of incident ...
Goyal Abhinav - - 2012
Clinical practice guidelines recommend maintaining serum potassium levels between 4.0 and 5.0 mEq/L in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). These guidelines are based on small studies that associated low potassium levels with ventricular arrhythmias in the pre-β-blocker and prereperfusion era. Current studies examining the relationship between potassium levels and ...
Baldasseroni Samuele - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate resistin levels in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) with or without chronic heart failure, in order to define its independent predictor. METHODS: One hundred and seven outpatients with CAD were enrolled in the study and divided into three groups: CAD ...
De Lorenzo Andrea - - 2012
Increased C-reactive protein (CRP) is a predictor of cardiovascular risk, but its influence on outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) is still incompletely studied. We studied the association between preoperative CRP and inhospital death after CABG. Patients with acute or chronic infectious or inflammatory disorders, autoimmune diseases, cancer, ...
Traub-Weidinger Tatjana - - 2012
Background: The association of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) with increased risk for cardiovascular disease is still controversial. This study aimed to examine coronary vascular reactivity by positron emission tomography (PET) in asymptomatic patients with SCH before and after levothyroxine (LT4) supplementation. Methods: Ten patients (7 women and 3 men; mean age ...
Kolder Iris C R M - - 2012
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a prevalent cause of death in Western societies. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) conducted over the last few years have uncovered common genetic variants modulating risk of SCD. Furthermore, GWAS studies uncovered several loci impacting on heart rate and ECG indices of conduction and repolarization, as ...
Aarsæther Erling - - 2012
OBJECTIVESWe previously reported a cardioprotective effect of oral β-glucan in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. The present study was conducted to determine whether oral β-glucan could reduce myocardial infarction size and whether these changes would be reflected by better preservation of contractile indices measured by speckle tracking echocardiography ...
Kaya Ziya - - 2012
Human heart failure is a disease with multifactorial causes, considerable morbidity, and high mortality. Several circulating autoantibodies, some of them being heart-specific, play a crucial role in the progression and induction of heart failure. However the precise mechanisms on how these autoantibodies perpetuate or even induce an organ specific autoimmune ...
Armstrong April W - - 2012
Patients with psoriasis may have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to investigate whether psoriasis is associated with an increased prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) independent of established cardiovascular risk factors in patients undergoing coronary angiography. A retrospective cohort analysis ...
Berton Giuseppe - - 2012
The long-term event-free survival (EFS) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is largely uninvestigated. We analyzed noninvasive clinical variables in association with long-term EFS after AMI. The present prospective study included 504 consecutive patients with AMI at 3 hospitals from 1995 to 1998 (Adria, Bassano, Conegliano, and Padova Hospitals [ABC] study). ...
Mouridsen Mette Rauhe - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of high sensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) in subjects with silent myocardial ischemia (SMI). DESIGN: In total, 678 healthy men and women aged 55 to 75 years with no history of cardiovascular disease or stroke were included. High-sensitive CRP ...
Carrion Diego M - - 2012
Clinical manifestations of pericardial disease may precede other signs and symptoms associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. Although pericardial effusion is one of the most common cardiac problems in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, haemodynamically significant effusions manifesting as cardiac tamponade are rare and require prompt diagnosis and treatment.
Aksoy Sukru - - 2012
Background: Cigarette smoking increases the oxidative stress mediated vascular dysfunction in young adults. We aimed to investigate the relation between the oxidative stress indices and coronary artery disease (CAD) severity in young patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).〈/p〉 Methods: Young patients (aged 〈 35 years) who were admitted consecutively ...
Uhernik Ana Ivicević - - 2012
Aim of this study was to investigate association of controlled and uncontrolled hypertension with angina pectoris, non-fatal myocardial infarction and non-fatal cerebrovascular insult on a cohort from Croatian Adult Health Cohort Study (CroHort). Odds for angina pectoris, non-fatal myocardial infarction and non-fatal cerebrovascular insult were calculated for 227 respondents with ...
Rajendran Karthick - - 2012
Obesity, characterised by increased fat mass and is currently regarded as a pro-inflammatory state and often associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) including Myocardial infarction. There is an upregulation of inflammatory markers such as interleukin-6, interleukin-6 receptor and acute phase protein CRP in Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) patients ...
Meens Mjpmt - - 2012
Atherosclerosis, a progressive disease of medium- and large-sized arteries, constitutes the major cause of death in developed countries, and is becoming increasingly prevalent in developing countries as well. The main consequences of atherosclerosis are myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction and aortic aneurysm. This inflammatory disease is characterised by specific intimal lesions ...
Tamariz Leonardo - - 2012
Drug-induced pro-arrhythmia is a serious and unexpected event. Large administrative and claims databases can potentially identify drugs or interactions leading to cardiac arrhythmias. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the evidence supporting the validity of algorithms or codes to identify ventricular arrhythmias using administrative and claims data. A ...
Aboeata Ahmed S - - 2012
Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is a well-recognized angiographic finding, characterized by abnormal dilatation of the coronary arteries. We reviewed the current concepts of the condition including etiology, pathogenesis, flow alterations, clinical implications, prognosis and treatment. CAE is often viewed as a variant of obstructive coronary atherosclerosis. Exaggerated positive vascular remodeling ...
Silbiger Jeffrey J - - 2012
The prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) among migrant Indian populations exceeds that of Caucasians. Migrant Indians also suffer from more premature, clinically aggressive and angiographically extensive, (i.e., 3-vessel disease). It is not known whether the extent of angiographic CAD or the conventional CAD risk factors of Indo-Guyanese (IG) immigrants ...
Decavel Pierre - - 2012
Lenticulostriate infarcts result from ischemia within the territory supplied by the deep perforating branches of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). They are too often associated with infarctions of the deep perforating branches of the internal carotid artery. Lenticulostriate arteries usually arise from the main trunk of the MCA, but can ...
Tarkin J M - - 2012
Cardiac failure due to rapidly progressive valve disease is a rare complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that can be challenging to manage. A patient with severe heart failure secondary to RA who, after failing to respond to medical therapy, underwent high-risk valve surgery and did remarkably well, with dramatic symptomatic ...
Yetgin Tuncay - - 2012
Although remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) by transient limb ischemia in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has shown favorable effects on myocardial (ischemia-reperfusion) injury, recent trials provide inconsistent results. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of RIC in PCI or CABG. ...
Hung Kuo-Chun - - 2012
 Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Myocardial dysfunction may occur in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) in the absence of coronary artery disease or left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. Although tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is a highly effective means of quantifying myocardial diastolic function, its differences ...
Chen Yong-Bing - - 2012
The growing enthusiasm for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is emerging, but the role of off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) in clinical practice remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to assess differences in the incidences of stroke, atrial fibrillation (AF), and myocardial infarction (MI) ...
Kubica Jacek - - 2012
Intracoronary (IC) abciximab administration remains a promising approach aimed to increase a drug concentration in the target area and possibly improve clinical outcomes in the setting of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The goal of this literature review and meta-analysis is to update available knowledge comparing IC and intravenous (IV) ...
Chopra Sandeep - - 2012
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes. CAD is often asymptomatic in these patients, until the onset of myocardial infarction or sudden cardiac death. Consequently, proper screening and diagnosis of CAD is crucial for the prevention and early treatment of coronary ...
Khaykin Yaariv - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. At the societal level, AF carries an enormous cost. Strategies aimed at reducing AF morbidity and mortality and containing the associated fiscal burden are of paramount importance. This review will discuss AF ...
Polasek Rostislav - - 2012
Considerable proportion of patients does not respond to the cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). This study investigated clinical relevance of left ventricular electrode local electrogram delay from the beginning of QRS (QLV). We hypothesized that longer QLV indicating more optimal lead placement in the late activated regions is associated with the ...
Chen Ying-Hsin - - 2012
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphisms have been associated with acute coronary syndrome (ACS); however, several controversial results have also been found in different studied populations. This hospital-based, emergency room, case-control study in Taiwan retrospectively investigated 111 ACS patients, and 195 non-coronary subjects as a control group, to ...
Zhou Yu-Hao - - 2012
Aspirin and clopidogrel monotherapies are effective treatments for preventing vascular disease. However, new evidence has emerged regarding the use of combined aspirin and clopidogrel therapy to prevent cardiovascular events. We therefore performed a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the benefits and harms of combined aspirin and clopidogrel therapy ...
Schuleri Karl H - - 2012
Clinical studies implementing late gadolinium-enhanced (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) studies suggest that the peri-infarct zone (PIZ) contains a mixture of viable and non-viable myocytes, and is associated with greater susceptibility to ventricular tachycardia induction and adverse cardiac outcomes. However, CMR data assessing the temporal formation and functional remodeling characteristics ...
Wichmann Janine - - 2012
The influence of temperature on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has not been investigated as extensively as the effects of broader outcomes of morbidity and mortality. Sixteen studies reported inconsistent results and two considered confounding by air pollution. We addressed some of the methodological limitations of the previous studies in this ...
da Matta José Alberto Martins - - 2012
Aging and migration have brought changes to the epidemiology and stroke has been shown to be independently associated with Chagas disease. We studied stroke correlates in cardiomyopathy patients with focus on the chagasic etiology. We performed a cross-sectional review of medical records of 790 patients with a cardiomyopathy. Patients with ...
Lind P Monica - - 2012
Increased circulating levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have been associated with myocardial infarction. Because myocardial infarction is an atherosclerotic disease, we investigated, in a cross-sectional study, whether POP levels are related to atherosclerosis. In the population-based Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study (n = 1,016 ...
Brevoord Daniel - - 2012
Remote ischemic conditioning is gaining interest as potential method to induce resistance against ischemia reperfusion injury in a variety of clinical settings. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate whether remote ischemic conditioning reduces mortality, major adverse cardiovascular events, length of stay in hospital and in the intensive ...
Nobili Elena - - 2012
Cysteinyl-leukotrienes (cys-LT) are powerful spasmogenic and immune modulating lipid mediators involved in inflammatory diseases, in particular asthma. Here, we investigated whether cys-LT signaling, in the context of atherosclerotic heart disease, compromises the myocardial microcirculation and its response to hypoxic stress. To this end, we examined Apoe(-/-) mice fed a hypercholesterolemic ...
Meier Pascal - - 2012
The benefit of the coronary collateral circulation (natural bypass network) on survival is well established. However, data derived from smaller studies indicates that coronary collaterals may increase the risk for restenosis after percutaneous coronary interventions. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies was to explore the ...
Vyas Manav V - - 2012
To synthesise the association of shift work with major vascular events as reported in the literature. Systematic searches of major bibliographic databases, contact with experts in the field, and review of reference lists of primary articles, review papers, and guidelines. Observational studies that reported risk ratios for vascular morbidity, vascular ...
Takada Akifumi - - 2012
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with an increased risk of ischemic heart disease and of adverse outcomes following myocardial infarction (MI). Here we assessed the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in ventricular dysfunction and outcomes after MI in type 2 DM (T2DM). In hearts of OLETF, a rat model ...
Bradham William S - - 2012
We examined the hypothesis that cardiac-specific troponin-I (cTn-I), a biomarker of myocardial injury, is elevated in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). RA patients have an increased incidence of heart failure (HF). Chronic myocardial injury in RA may be a mechanism for the development of HF. We compared cTn-I concentrations measured ...
Phillips Aaron A - - 2012
Left ventricular (LV) rotation is increasingly examined in those with heart disease. The available evidence measuring LV rotation in those with heart diseases has not been systematically reviewed. To review systematically the evidence measuring LV rotational changes in various heart diseases compared to healthy controls, literature searches were conducted for ...
Kim Hyun Min - - 2012
We used cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to investigate the association between epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness and silent myocardial ischemia, as well as coronary artery stenosis, in asymptomatic type 2 diabetic patients. The study included 100 type 2 diabetic subjects (51 male and 49 female; mean age: 56 ± 7 ...
Aránega Amelia - - 2012
The cardiac conduction system (CCS) is composed of a group of myocardial tissues that control and coordinate the heart. Alterations in the CCS - especially in the His-Purkinje system, have been identified as a major cause of lethal arrhythmias. Unstable arrhythmias secondary to channelopathies significantly increase the risk of sudden ...
Sheth Tej - - 2012
At present, physicians have a limited ability to predict major cardiovascular complications after non-cardiac surgery and little is known about the anatomy of coronary arteries associated with perioperative myocardial infarction. We have initiated the Coronary CT Angiography (CTA) VISION Study to (1) establish the predictive value of coronary CTA for ...
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