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Ades Philip A PA Division of Cardiology, University of Vermont College of Medicine, University Health Center Campus, 1 S. Prospect St, Burlington, VT 05401, USA. - - 2012
Coronary atherosclerosis is a complex entity with behavioral, genetic and environmental antecedents. Most risk factors for coronary heart disease have a behavioral component. These include tobacco use, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes and physical inactivity. The role of monetary incentives to encourage healthful behaviors related to the prevention and ...
Tully Phillip J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: No Australian study has reported the association between selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) and serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery morbidity and mortality. METHODS: 4136 patients underwent CABG surgery between January 1996 and December 2008 and 105 (2.5%) were SSRI/SNRI users. Bleeding events included ...
Williams Brent A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Elevated resting heart rate (RHR) is a robust risk factor for cardiac events, and recent clinical trial evidence suggests lowering RHR may reduce cardiac risk among individuals with elevated RHR and known coronary artery disease (CAD). This study sought to elucidate the extent to which myocardial perfusion defects explain ...
Wu Katherine C KC Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2012
Annually, ≈80,000 Americans receive guideline-based primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), but appropriate firing rates are low. Current selection criteria for ICDs rely on left ventricular ejection fraction, which lacks sensitivity and specificity. Because scar-related myocardial tissue heterogeneity is a substrate for life-threatening arrhythmias, we hypothesized that cardiac magnetic resonance identification ...
Ma Heng - - 2012
Myocardial perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with sliding-window conjugate-gradient highly constrained back-projection reconstruction (SW-CG-HYPR) allows whole left ventricular coverage, improved temporal and spatial resolution and signal/noise ratio, and reduced cardiac motion-related image artifacts. The accuracy of this technique for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been determined in a ...
Jouan Jérôme - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary bypass remains associated with significant morbidity and mortality, in part caused by a systemic inflammatory response that is unpredictable and variable among patients. Several limited studies have suggested associations of cytokine plasma levels or gene polymorphisms with outcome after cardiopulmonary bypass. The present study was to determine the ...
Holtz Jonathan E - - 2012
We sought to determine whether mitral annular calcium (MAC) is associated with inducible myocardial ischemia and adverse cardiovascular outcomes in ambulatory patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). MAC is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the general population, but its association with CVD outcomes in patients with CAD has not ...
Orn Stein - - 2012
Objectives:  To assess the relationship between interleukin (IL)-1-related molecules, infarct size and left ventricular (LV) remodelling following acute myocardial infarction (MI). Methods:  Forty-two patients with first-time diagnosis of ST segment elevation MI (STEMI), with a single occluded vessel successfully revascularized by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), were recruited to this ...
Goyal Abhinav A Department of Medicine, Emory School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2012
Clinical practice guidelines recommend maintaining serum potassium levels between 4.0 and 5.0 mEq/L in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). These guidelines are based on small studies that associated low potassium levels with ventricular arrhythmias in the pre-β-blocker and prereperfusion era. Current studies examining the relationship between potassium levels and ...
Ingelsson Erik - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The leukotriene pathway has been associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. However, the effects of the antileukotriene treatment used in asthmatic patients on cardiovascular outcomes have remained largely unexplored. OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine a potential protective role of the leukotriene receptor antagonist montelukast on future risk of incident ...
Baldasseroni Samuele - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate resistin levels in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) with or without chronic heart failure, in order to define its independent predictor. METHODS: One hundred and seven outpatients with CAD were enrolled in the study and divided into three groups: CAD ...
De Lorenzo Andrea - - 2012
Increased C-reactive protein (CRP) is a predictor of cardiovascular risk, but its influence on outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) is still incompletely studied. We studied the association between preoperative CRP and inhospital death after CABG. Patients with acute or chronic infectious or inflammatory disorders, autoimmune diseases, cancer, ...
Traub-Weidinger Tatjana - - 2012
Background: The association of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) with increased risk for cardiovascular disease is still controversial. This study aimed to examine coronary vascular reactivity by positron emission tomography (PET) in asymptomatic patients with SCH before and after levothyroxine (LT4) supplementation. Methods: Ten patients (7 women and 3 men; mean age ...
Kolder Iris C R M - - 2012
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a prevalent cause of death in Western societies. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) conducted over the last few years have uncovered common genetic variants modulating risk of SCD. Furthermore, GWAS studies uncovered several loci impacting on heart rate and ECG indices of conduction and repolarization, as ...
Kaya Ziya - - 2012
Human heart failure is a disease with multifactorial causes, considerable morbidity, and high mortality. Several circulating autoantibodies, some of them being heart-specific, play a crucial role in the progression and induction of heart failure. However the precise mechanisms on how these autoantibodies perpetuate or even induce an organ specific autoimmune ...
Aarsæther Erling - - 2012
OBJECTIVESWe previously reported a cardioprotective effect of oral β-glucan in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. The present study was conducted to determine whether oral β-glucan could reduce myocardial infarction size and whether these changes would be reflected by better preservation of contractile indices measured by speckle tracking echocardiography ...
Berton Giuseppe - - 2012
The long-term event-free survival (EFS) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is largely uninvestigated. We analyzed noninvasive clinical variables in association with long-term EFS after AMI. The present prospective study included 504 consecutive patients with AMI at 3 hospitals from 1995 to 1998 (Adria, Bassano, Conegliano, and Padova Hospitals [ABC] study). ...
Armstrong April W - - 2012
Patients with psoriasis may have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to investigate whether psoriasis is associated with an increased prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) independent of established cardiovascular risk factors in patients undergoing coronary angiography. A retrospective cohort analysis ...
Mouridsen Mette Rauhe - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of high sensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) in subjects with silent myocardial ischemia (SMI). DESIGN: In total, 678 healthy men and women aged 55 to 75 years with no history of cardiovascular disease or stroke were included. High-sensitive CRP ...
Nobili Elena - - 2012
Cysteinyl-leukotrienes (cys-LT) are powerful spasmogenic and immune modulating lipid mediators involved in inflammatory diseases, in particular asthma. Here, we investigated whether cys-LT signaling, in the context of atherosclerotic heart disease, compromises the myocardial microcirculation and its response to hypoxic stress. To this end, we examined Apoe(-/-) mice fed a hypercholesterolemic ...
Meens Mjpmt - - 2012
Atherosclerosis, a progressive disease of medium- and large-sized arteries, constitutes the major cause of death in developed countries, and is becoming increasingly prevalent in developing countries as well. The main consequences of atherosclerosis are myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction and aortic aneurysm. This inflammatory disease is characterised by specific intimal lesions ...
Chopra Sandeep - - 2012
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes. CAD is often asymptomatic in these patients, until the onset of myocardial infarction or sudden cardiac death. Consequently, proper screening and diagnosis of CAD is crucial for the prevention and early treatment of coronary ...
Aránega Amelia - - 2012
The cardiac conduction system (CCS) is composed of a group of myocardial tissues that control and coordinate the heart. Alterations in the CCS - especially in the His-Purkinje system, have been identified as a major cause of lethal arrhythmias. Unstable arrhythmias secondary to channelopathies significantly increase the risk of sudden ...
Wichmann Janine - - 2012
The influence of temperature on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has not been investigated as extensively as the effects of broader outcomes of morbidity and mortality. Sixteen studies reported inconsistent results and two considered confounding by air pollution. We addressed some of the methodological limitations of the previous studies in this ...
Meier Pascal - - 2012
The benefit of the coronary collateral circulation (natural bypass network) on survival is well established. However, data derived from smaller studies indicates that coronary collaterals may increase the risk for restenosis after percutaneous coronary interventions. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies was to explore the ...
Brevoord Daniel - - 2012
Remote ischemic conditioning is gaining interest as potential method to induce resistance against ischemia reperfusion injury in a variety of clinical settings. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate whether remote ischemic conditioning reduces mortality, major adverse cardiovascular events, length of stay in hospital and in the intensive ...
Hung Kuo-Chun - - 2012
 Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Myocardial dysfunction may occur in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) in the absence of coronary artery disease or left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. Although tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is a highly effective means of quantifying myocardial diastolic function, its differences ...
Polasek Rostislav - - 2012
Considerable proportion of patients does not respond to the cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). This study investigated clinical relevance of left ventricular electrode local electrogram delay from the beginning of QRS (QLV). We hypothesized that longer QLV indicating more optimal lead placement in the late activated regions is associated with the ...
Schuleri Karl H - - 2012
Clinical studies implementing late gadolinium-enhanced (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) studies suggest that the peri-infarct zone (PIZ) contains a mixture of viable and non-viable myocytes, and is associated with greater susceptibility to ventricular tachycardia induction and adverse cardiac outcomes. However, CMR data assessing the temporal formation and functional remodeling characteristics ...
Aksoy Sukru - - 2012
Background: Cigarette smoking increases the oxidative stress mediated vascular dysfunction in young adults. We aimed to investigate the relation between the oxidative stress indices and coronary artery disease (CAD) severity in young patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).〈/p〉 Methods: Young patients (aged 〈 35 years) who were admitted consecutively ...
Chen Yong-Bing - - 2012
The growing enthusiasm for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is emerging, but the role of off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) in clinical practice remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to assess differences in the incidences of stroke, atrial fibrillation (AF), and myocardial infarction (MI) ...
Aboeata Ahmed S - - 2012
Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is a well-recognized angiographic finding, characterized by abnormal dilatation of the coronary arteries. We reviewed the current concepts of the condition including etiology, pathogenesis, flow alterations, clinical implications, prognosis and treatment. CAE is often viewed as a variant of obstructive coronary atherosclerosis. Exaggerated positive vascular remodeling ...
Lind P Monica - - 2012
Increased circulating levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have been associated with myocardial infarction. Because myocardial infarction is an atherosclerotic disease, we investigated, in a cross-sectional study, whether POP levels are related to atherosclerosis. In the population-based Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study (n = 1,016 ...
Vyas Manav V - - 2012
To synthesise the association of shift work with major vascular events as reported in the literature. Systematic searches of major bibliographic databases, contact with experts in the field, and review of reference lists of primary articles, review papers, and guidelines. Observational studies that reported risk ratios for vascular morbidity, vascular ...
Yetgin Tuncay - - 2012
Although remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) by transient limb ischemia in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has shown favorable effects on myocardial (ischemia-reperfusion) injury, recent trials provide inconsistent results. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of RIC in PCI or CABG. ...
Kubica Jacek - - 2012
Intracoronary (IC) abciximab administration remains a promising approach aimed to increase a drug concentration in the target area and possibly improve clinical outcomes in the setting of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The goal of this literature review and meta-analysis is to update available knowledge comparing IC and intravenous (IV) ...
Mishra Avshesh A Department of Genetics, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS), Lucknow, - - 2012
Left ventricular dysfunction (LVD), followed by fall in cardiac output is one of the major complications in some coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. The decreased cardiac output over time leads to activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system which results in vasoconstriction by influencing salt-water homeostasis. Therefore, the purpose of the present ...
Kim Hyun Min - - 2012
We used cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to investigate the association between epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness and silent myocardial ischemia, as well as coronary artery stenosis, in asymptomatic type 2 diabetic patients. The study included 100 type 2 diabetic subjects (51 male and 49 female; mean age: 56 ± 7 ...
Virani Salim S SS Center of Excellence, Health Services Research and Development, Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2012
Chromosome 9p21 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been shown to be associated with coronary heart disease in multiple studies. The aim of the present study was to identify whether these SNPs are associated with recurrent myocardial infarction (MI), revascularization, or death in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients or in those ...
Takada Akifumi - - 2012
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with an increased risk of ischemic heart disease and of adverse outcomes following myocardial infarction (MI). Here we assessed the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in ventricular dysfunction and outcomes after MI in type 2 DM (T2DM). In hearts of OLETF, a rat model ...
Carrion Diego M - - 2012
Clinical manifestations of pericardial disease may precede other signs and symptoms associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. Although pericardial effusion is one of the most common cardiac problems in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, haemodynamically significant effusions manifesting as cardiac tamponade are rare and require prompt diagnosis and treatment.
Uhernik Ana Ivicević - - 2012
Aim of this study was to investigate association of controlled and uncontrolled hypertension with angina pectoris, non-fatal myocardial infarction and non-fatal cerebrovascular insult on a cohort from Croatian Adult Health Cohort Study (CroHort). Odds for angina pectoris, non-fatal myocardial infarction and non-fatal cerebrovascular insult were calculated for 227 respondents with ...
Phillips Aaron A - - 2012
Left ventricular (LV) rotation is increasingly examined in those with heart disease. The available evidence measuring LV rotation in those with heart diseases has not been systematically reviewed. To review systematically the evidence measuring LV rotational changes in various heart diseases compared to healthy controls, literature searches were conducted for ...
Gorenoi Vitali - - 2012
Various diagnostic tests including conventional invasive coronary angiography and non-invasive computed tomography (CT) coronary angiography are used in the diagnosis of coronary heart disease (CHD). The present report aims to evaluate the clinical efficacy, diagnostic accuracy, prognostic value cost-effectiveness as well as the ethical, social and legal implications of CT ...
Rajendran Karthick - - 2012
Obesity, characterised by increased fat mass and is currently regarded as a pro-inflammatory state and often associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) including Myocardial infarction. There is an upregulation of inflammatory markers such as interleukin-6, interleukin-6 receptor and acute phase protein CRP in Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) patients ...
Sheth Tej - - 2012
At present, physicians have a limited ability to predict major cardiovascular complications after non-cardiac surgery and little is known about the anatomy of coronary arteries associated with perioperative myocardial infarction. We have initiated the Coronary CT Angiography (CTA) VISION Study to (1) establish the predictive value of coronary CTA for ...
Tarkin J M - - 2012
Cardiac failure due to rapidly progressive valve disease is a rare complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that can be challenging to manage. A patient with severe heart failure secondary to RA who, after failing to respond to medical therapy, underwent high-risk valve surgery and did remarkably well, with dramatic symptomatic ...
Lucas Gavin G Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Genetics, IMIM, Barcelona, - - 2012
The genetic loci that have been found by genome-wide association studies to modulate risk of coronary heart disease explain only a fraction of its total variance, and gene-gene interactions have been proposed as a potential source of the remaining heritability. Given the potentially large testing burden, we sought to enrich ...
Silbiger Jeffrey J - - 2012
The prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) among migrant Indian populations exceeds that of Caucasians. Migrant Indians also suffer from more premature, clinically aggressive and angiographically extensive, (i.e., 3-vessel disease). It is not known whether the extent of angiographic CAD or the conventional CAD risk factors of Indo-Guyanese (IG) immigrants ...
Bradham William S - - 2012
We examined the hypothesis that cardiac-specific troponin-I (cTn-I), a biomarker of myocardial injury, is elevated in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). RA patients have an increased incidence of heart failure (HF). Chronic myocardial injury in RA may be a mechanism for the development of HF. We compared cTn-I concentrations measured ...
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