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Lukachko Alicia A Mailman School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, - - 2014
There is a growing research literature suggesting that racism is an important risk factor undermining the health of Blacks in the United States. Racism can take many forms, ranging from interpersonal interactions to institutional/structural conditions and practices. Existing research, however, tends to focus on individual forms of racial discrimination using ...
Shrestha Nikesh Raj - - 2013
We present the case of an atypical presentation of myelofibrosis presenting with acute inferior-wall ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Besides cigarette smoking, the patient had no known traditional cardiovascular risk factors like diabetes, hypertension, or a sedentary lifestyle. He, however, had a hypercoagulable state due to a myeloproliferative neoplasm. This demonstrates that ...
Bice Justin S - - 2013
Guanylyl cyclase - cyclic guanosine monophosphate signalling plays an important role in endogenous cardioprotective signalling. The aim was to assess the potential of direct pharmacological activation and stimulation of soluble guanylyl cyclase, targeting different redox states of the enzyme, to limit myocardial necrosis during early reperfusion.Methods and ResultsRat isolated hearts ...
Bice Justin S - - 2013
Guanylyl cyclase - cyclic guanosine monophosphate signalling plays an important role in endogenous cardioprotective signalling. The aim was to assess the potential of direct pharmacological activation and stimulation of soluble guanylyl cyclase, targeting different redox states of the enzyme, to limit myocardial necrosis during early reperfusion.Methods and ResultsRat isolated hearts ...
Liepinsh Edgars - - 2013
A variety of calorie restriction diets and fasting regimens are popular among overweight people. However, starvation could result in unexpected cardiovascular effects. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the short-term effects of diets on cardiovascular function, energy metabolism and potential risk of heart damage in case of myocardial infarction. The ...
Shi Lihua - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the correlation between the microinflammatory state and structural and functional changes of the left ventricle in maintenance haemodialysis patients (MHD). In total, 48 MHD patients and 30 healthy volunteers participated in this study. The microinflammatory state was detected from high-sensitivity C-reactive protein ...
Bastings Maartje M C - - 2013
Minimally invasive intervention strategies after myocardial infarction use state-of-the-art catheter systems that are able to combine mapping of the infarcted area with precise, local injection of drugs. To this end, catheter delivery of drugs that are not immediately pumped out of the heart is still challenging, and requires a carrier ...
Garg Jalaj - - 2013
Antifibrinolytic agents, such as tranexamic acid (TA), aprotinin, and E-aminocaproic acid, have been extensively used in the past 2 decades to prevent blood loss from traumatic or postoperative bleeding. For example, the Clinical Randomization of an Antifibrinolytic in Significant Hemorrhage 2 (CRASH-2) trial demonstrated that there was a significant reduction ...
Kajimoto Masaki - - 2013
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) supports infants and children with severe cardiopulmonary compromise. Nutritional support for these children includes provision of medium- and long-chain fatty acids (FAs). However, ECMO induces a stress response, which could limit the capacity for FA oxidation. Metabolic impairment could induce new or exacerbate existing myocardial dysfunction. ...
Whitson Bryan A - - 2013
The role of mechanical circulatory support for cardiopulmonary failure is expanding. Anticoagulation in the setting of static blood, hypercoagulable states, extracorporeal circuits, and surgery presents an intricate and delicate balance. We present a patient with large, biventricular thrombi during and succeeding biventricular mechanical support. Management of the thrombi and device ...
Blair John E A - - 2013
Heart failure is a major health problem that affects patients and healthcare systems worldwide. Within the continent of North America, differences in economic development, genetic susceptibility, cultural practices, and trends in risk factors and treatment all contribute to both inter-continental and within-continent differences in heart failure. The United States and ...
Lavie Carl J CJ Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, John Ochsner Heart & Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinical School, University of Queensland School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana; Department of Preventive Medicine, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Electronic address: - - 2013
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the United States and worldwide. Considering the adverse effects of obesity on left ventricular (LV) structure, diastolic and systolic function, and other risk factors for heart failure (HF), including hypertension and coronary heart disease, HF incidence and prevalence, not surprisingly, is markedly increased in ...
Korley Frederick K - - 2013
It is only a matter of time before the use of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin assays (hs-cTn) becomes common throughout the United States. In preparation for this inevitability, this article raises a number of important issues regarding these assays that deserve consideration. These include: the need for the adoption of a ...
Sanderson Jennifer D M - - 2013
It was estimated that 785,000 new myocardial infarctions (MIs), 470,000 recurrent MIs, and 195,000 silent MIs will occur during 2010 in the United States. Cardiovascular disease, including heart disease and stroke, is the cause of death for 27% of Hispanic males and 31.5% of Hispanic females. There has been an ...
Rodriguez Limael E - - 2013
Ventricular assist devices are commonly utilized in the treatment of end-stage heart failure. Advances in continuous flow technology have improved efficiency, size, implantability, extended support, and overall patient outcomes. This has led to an expanded role of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) clinical use and applications. This review describes the ...
Lindenauer Peter K - - 2013
To examine the association between income inequality and the risk of mortality and readmission within 30 days of hospitalization. Retrospective cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries in the United States. Hierarchical, logistic regression models were developed to estimate the association between income inequality (measured at the US state level) and a ...
Yang Dong D Institute of Environmental Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2013
To examine the relationship between sex, country of birth, level of education as an indicator of socioeconomic position, and the likelihood of treatment in a coronary care unit (CCU) for a first-time myocardial infarction. Nationwide register based study. Sweden. 199 906 patients (114 387 men and 85,519 women) of all ...
Acker Michael A - - 2012
The incorporation of complex medical device technologies into clinical practice is governed by critical oversight of the United States Food and Drug Administration. This regulatory process requires a judicious balance between assuring safety and efficacy, while providing efficient review to facilitate access to innovative therapies. Recent contrasting views of the ...
Vigen Rebecca R Division of Cardiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2012
The United States population, particularly among older age groups, continues to expand. Because the incidence of heart failure increases with age, largely due to the development of heart failure risk factors such as hypertension and coronary artery disease, the epidemic of heart failure is likely to grow further in the ...
Simpson Christina - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. The goal of the national Million Hearts initiative is to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes by 2017 by promoting evidence-based preventive care and treatments for CVD. North Carolina has ongoing services and investments that will ...
Min James K - - 2012
To the Editor: Hoffmann et al. (July 26 issue)(1) conclude that, among patients with low-to-intermediate-risk acute coronary syndromes, the incorporation of coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) improves the standard evaluation strategy.(2) However, it may be difficult to generalize their results, owing to different situations on the two sides of the ...
Dehmer Gregory J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To provide a report to the public of data from the CathPCI Registry of the National Cardiovascular Data Registry. BACKGROUND: The CathPCI Registry collects data from approximately 85% of the cardiac catheterization laboratories in the United States. METHODS: Data were summarized for 6 consecutive calendar quarters beginning January 1, ...
Groenendyk Jody - - 2012
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a multifunctional intracellular organelle, a component of the cellular reticular network that allows cells to adjust to a wide variety of conditions. The cardiomyocyte reticular network is the ideal location of sensors for both intrinsic and extrinsic factors that disrupt energy and/or nutrient homeostasis and ...
Muñoz Daniel D Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC 27705, USA. - - 2012
For patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction transferred for primary percutaneous coronary intervention, guidelines have called for device activation within 90 minutes of initial presentation. Fewer than 20% of transferred patients are treated in such a timely fashion. We examine the association between transfer drive times and door-to-device (D2D) times ...
Kim Ha Won - - 2012
This study seeks to test our hypothesis that transgenic induction of miR-210 in mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) simulates the pro-survival effects of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and that engraftment of (PC)MSC helps in the functional recovery of ischemic heart by miR-210 transfer to host cardiomyocytes through gap junctions. miR-210 expression in ...
Ko Wilson - - 2012
During the past 2 decades, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has increased dramatically compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for patients with coronary artery disease. However, although the evidence available to all practitioners is similar, the relative distribution of PCI and CABG appears to differ among hospitals and regions. We ...
Yuan Qiao-Ying - - 2012
AIMS: The aim of this study was to prove that an intramyocardial injection of a mixture of low-dose human growth factor (HGF) plasmid and microbubbles (MB) in combination with insonation was an effective therapy for myocardial infarction. MAIN METHODS: Twenty dogs with myocardial infarction were divided into 4 groups: (1) ...
Klein Norbert - - 2012
AimsElevated left ventricular (LV) pacing thresholds or phrenic nerve stimulation (PNS) might be possible reasons for absence of continuous and effective biventricular stimulation. This study investigated the benefit and clinical efficacy of the ability to choose one out of three different LV pacing vectors for the management of suboptimal LV ...
Johnson Lauren - - 2012
Most current indices of synchrony quantify left ventricular (LV) contraction pattern in terms of a single, global (integrated) measure. We report the development and physiological relevance of a novel method to quantify LV segmental contraction synchrony. LV pressure-volume and echocardiographic data were collected in seven anesthetized, opened-chest dogs under several ...
Prasad Konkal-Matt R KM Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903, - - 2011
Localized administration of a highly efficient gene delivery system in combination with a cardiac-selective promoter may provide a favorable biosafety profile in clinical applications such as coronary artery bypass graft surgery, where regions of myocardium can be readily injected to protect them against the potential threat of future ischemic events. ...
McLeod Christopher J - - 2011
Patients with congenital heart disease and prosthetic valves frequently present management dilemmas related to cardiac pacing and lead placement. Permanent pacing of the right ventricle across a bioprosthetic tricuspid valve presents discreet issues related to its potential for traumatic injury and subsequent prosthetic valve dysfunction. Coronary sinus (CS) lead placement ...
Andreou A Y - - 2011
Isolated right ventricular infarction (RVI) is an increasingly recognized cause of precordial ST-segment elevation (STE). A patient is described who developed STE in leads V1-V5 secondary to occlusion of the right ventricular branch during stent angioplasty to the right coronary artery. The pattern of precordial STE was thought to be ...
Ueda Shinsaku - - 2011
We describe a rare case of successful repair of delayed cardiac rupture due to blunt chest trauma; the cardiac rupture occurred 74 days after the trauma. A 75-year-old woman with a history of blunt chest trauma that caused multiple rib fractures underwent an emergent thoracotomy due to left hemothorax. A ...
Ishikawa Kiyotake - - 2011
Various emerging technologies are being developed for patients with heart failure. Well-established preclinical evaluations are necessary to determine their efficacy and safety. Gene therapy using viral vectors is one of the most promising approaches for treating cardiac diseases. Viral delivery of various different genes by changing the carrier gene has ...
Jang Kyeong-Hee - - 2010
A 63-year-old female was presented to emergency room with an abdominal pain. The patient had moderate mitral valve stenosis and atrial fibrillation. Abdominal computed tomography revealed right renal infarction. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a large mobile mass in the left atrium. Transesophageal two-and three-dimensional echocardiography showed a large mobile ovoid mass ...
Russhard Paul - - 2011
Structural failure of mechanical heart valves is associated with a high mortality, especially when the valve is implanted in the aortic position. We describe a case of early intermittent dysfunction of a bileaflet mechanical heart valve implanted in a 67-year-old female. Transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography demonstrated intermittent jamming of the ...
Karlsson Lars O - - 2011
Eribis peptide 94 (EP 94) is a novel enkephalin analog, thought to interact with the μ- and δ-opioid receptors. The purpose of the present study was to examine the cardioprotective potential of EP 94 in two clinically relevant porcine models of myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion, and to investigate if such ...
Davis Christopher K - - 2011
IntroductionIn patients with varying degrees of left heart hypoplasia, it is often difficult to determine whether the left heart structures are adequate in size to support biventricular circulation. Historically, the decision to pursue a single ventricle or biventricular repair needed to be made early and was often irreversible. The hybrid ...
Quintavalla Cecilia - - 2010
A 2-year-old, neutered male, domestic shorthair cat was presented for investigation of dyspnea and episodic weakness. Clinical and ultrasonographic features were consistent with right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Pathological findings documented Uhl's anomaly. Although rare, Uhl's anomaly should be a differential diagnosis for cats with right-sided congestive heart failure. In particular, Uhl's ...
Irwin Richard Bruce - - 2010
Right-sided cardiac valvular disease has traditionally been considered less clinically important than mitral or aortic valve pathology. However, detectable tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is common and recent data suggest that significant TR can lead to functional impairment and reduced survival, particularly in patients with concomitant left-sided valvular disease. The tricuspid valve ...
Blauwet Lori A - - 2010
Doppler-derived hemodynamic data for normal tricuspid valve bioprostheses are limited. A comprehensive retrospective Doppler echocardiographic assessment of 285 normal Carpentier-Edwards Duraflex, Medtronic Mosaic, St. Jude Medical Biocor, Carpentier-Edwards Perimount, and Medtronic Hancock II tricuspid valve bioprostheses was performed early after implantation. All the important Doppler-derived hemodynamic variables reported to date ...
Hasdemir Hakan - - 2012
Symptomatic cardiac injury after blunt chest trauma is relatively rare, and valvular injury is even more rare. The valves most commonly affected are tricuspid. Automobile accidents are mostly responsible for this type of injury. Unlike with the mitral valve, post-traumatic tricuspid heart valve insufficiency is usually well tolerated. Indeed, severe ...
Van de Veire Nico R - - 2011
We hypothesize that concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty in patients with tricuspid annular dilatation who undergo mitral valve repair could prevent progression of tricuspid regurgitation and right ventricular remodeling. In 2002, 80 patients underwent mitral valve repair. Concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty was performed in 13 patients with grade 3 or 4 tricuspid regurgitation. ...
Ono Masamichi - - 2010
The anatomic subtype of mitral stenosis, aortic atresia, and myocardial sinusoids is reported to be associated with increased mortality for staged repair for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. We herein report a very rare case of this subtype of hypoplastic left heart syndrome presenting with marked myocardial sinusoids in the left ...
Wolf David - - 2010
A 78-year-old male patient was referred cardiovascular risk evaluation before elective resection of a bronchial carcinoma. A myocardial infarction with a subsequent coronary artery bypass revascularization and a mitral prosthetic valve surgery were known. Left lateral decubitus (LLD) was permanently avoided because of significant trepopnea since several years. No signs ...
Jensen Bjarke - - 2010
Most anatomical and physiological studies of the sauropsid heart have focused on species with extraordinary physiologies, and detailed anatomical descriptions of hearts from sauropsids with more common physiologies are therefore warranted. Here, we present a comprehensive study of the cardiac anatomy of the South American rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus). The cardiovascular ...
Song Jong-Min - - 2010
Right ventricle (RV) remodeling can determine tricuspid valve (TV) geometry and the severity of functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR). In 53 patients with various degrees of functional TR and in sinus rhythm, RV and TV geometries were analyzed using real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography, including tenting angles of 3 leaflets, septal-lateral and antero-posterior ...
Coats Louise - - 2010
Occasionally complex congenital cardiac disease presents for the first time in adulthood, encouraging us to reflect anew on our understanding of familiar conditions. A 59-year-old woman, who had had two normal pregnancies, attended with breathlessness and was found to have a double inlet left ventricle with concordant ventriculoarterial connections and ...
Sedacca Cassidy D - - 2010
Univentricular atrioventricular (AV) connections are rare and complex congenital cardiac anomalies in which both AV valves communicate into a large, common (single) receiving chamber. The common chamber can be of left, right, or mixed ventricular morphology. Although well documented in people, reports of the double-inlet ventricle malformation are rare in ...
Cannavale Giuseppe - - 2010
Unroofed coronary sinus is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly in which a communication occurs between the coronary sinus and the left atrium due to the partial or complete absence of roof of the coronary sinus. Its diagnosis is important to prevent pulmonary hypertension and brain abscess or cerebral emboli. We ...
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