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Results 351 - 400 of 910
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Couetil Jean-Paul A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Seven patients with acute tricuspid endocarditis underwent partial replacement of the tricuspid valve using mitral homograft tissue. Valve function was evaluated at midterm. METHODS: Operative indications were uncontrolled sepsis in all cases associated with heart failure symptoms in 3 patients and septic pulmonary emboli in 2 patients. These patients ...
Trivedi Kalyani R - - 2002
A left superior caval vein frequently occurs in the malformed, as well as in the structurally normal, heart. Its physiological impact varies, and is determined by its connections and whether there are associated cardiac lesions. In this review, we describe 3 patients with such a vein, 1 without other lesions ...
Gersak Borut - - 2002
We operated on a 34-year-old man with a metastatic tumor that extended from the tricuspid valve to the pulmonary valve and obstructed the right ventricle inflow and outflow tracts. The tumor was removed with preservation of the tricuspid valve. Additional chemotherapy was carried out according to the BEPO (etoposid, eisplatin, ...
Wonnink-De Jonge W F - - 2002
In this case report the typical echocardiographic features of carcinoid heart disease are presented. Newer treatments such as the use of a somatostatin analogue, interferon and hepatic de-arterialisation have improved the prognosis in patients with carcinoid syndrome. Nevertheless this syndrome portends a poor prognosis in patients with cardiac involvement. Cardiac ...
Radovanovic N - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aim of this study is to show the changes in left ventricular morphology and function after reductive annuloplasty of double mitral and tricuspid orifices (RADO) in ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) and primary dilated cardiomyopathy (PDCM) analyzed by intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). METHODS: There were 274 patients, ...
Fredouille C - - 2002
Our objective was to explore whether minor anatomical abnormalities of the septal insertion of tricuspid and mitral valves could be a feature of trisomy 21 in fetuses with an otherwise normal heart. Postmortem examinations were performed in 41 fetuses affected by Down's syndrome and in 52 controls. Adjoining the standard ...
Hagler Donald J - - 2002
Literature has been limited in regard to the mechanisms of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) in patients with paramembranous (perimembranous) ventricular septal defect (VSD). Most observations have noted tricuspid valve clefts or dysplasia. We describe another mechanism for production of TR in association with paramembranous VSD. In 8 patients, we found significant ...
Sano Shunji - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To prevent possible deleterious effects of right ventricular volume overload on cardiorespiratory function, we developed a total right ventricular exclusion procedure for the treatment of end-stage isolated congestive right ventricular failure. METHODS: Since 1996, this procedure has been performed in 5 patients in New York Heart Association functional class ...
Prasad Chitra - - 2002
The recent exponential increase in knowledge in genetics has revolutionized all aspects of medicine. The completion of the first draft of the human genome project has provided for clinicians a range and depth of information never before imagined. Over the last 25 years understanding the anatomical and physiological basis of ...
Radovanović Ninoslav - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients with primary dilated cardiomyopathy exhibit extensive remodeling of the left ventricle, mitral and tricuspid annular dilation and both mitral and tricuspid regurgitation. These factors significantly contribute to heart failure, and are predictors of early lethal outcome. The aim of this study is to show hemodynamic and clinical improvement ...
Zhang Ren Fu - - 2002
Between April 1997 and February 2000, total cavopulmonary connection with an extraatrial tunnel was used to treat 9 cases of complicated congenital heart disease: single ventricle (4), double-outlet right ventricle (3), mitral atresia (1), and tricuspid atresia (1). There was no mortality. One patient developed bacterial endocarditis and required reoperation ...
Azhari Nawal - - 2002
We report a case of Uhl's anomaly in a 5-month-old cyanotic infant who presented with thromboembolic stroke and acute hemiparesis. The patient underwent successfully an initial surgical repair, which included exclusion of the right ventricle by patch closure of the tricuspid valve, atrial septectomy and construction of a bidirectional Glenn ...
Ohta Noritaka - - 2002
Atresia of the coronary sinus orifice is rare. We describe the surgical treatment of coronary orifice atresia in an infant with a persistent left superior vena cava after total cavo-pulmonary connection for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The diagnosis was made by cardiac catheterization after total cavo-pulmonary connection at 8 months ...
Kistler Peter M - - 2002
On occasion, patients with a tricuspid annuloplasty ring may require permanent cardiac pacing. Although it is technically possible to pass a ventricular transvenous lead through a tricuspid valve with an annuloplasty ring, the procedure is complicated by considerable chamber enlargement and mechanical distortion of the tricuspid valve often with severe ...
Hennebry Thomas A - - 2002
Syncope is a frequent occurrence in the elderly and cardiac causes are common. Therefore, accurate diagnosis is essential since specific treatments are often required. We present an 85-year-old woman with recurrent syncope secondary to sinus node reentrant tachycardia (SNRT), which was successfully treated by radiofrequency ablation. This is the first ...
Buckman R F - - 2001
Injuries of the IVC, whether caused by blunt or penetrating mechanisms, are usually fatal. Patients who arrive in shock and fail to respond to initial resuscitative measures, those who are still actively bleeding at the time of laparotomy, and those with wounds of the retrohepatic vena cava have a low ...
Rustico M A - - 2001
We report a case of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) diagnosed prenatally by echocardiography at 24 weeks gestation. The 4-chamber view showed a large outpouched area extending from below the tricuspid valve to the insertion of the moderator band; the affected wall appeared thin and akinetic, with absence of flow ...
de la Cruz M V - - 2001
Living morphogenetic studies show that each definitive ventricle is constructed from different primitive cardiac segments, and each has its specific anatomical features. These ventricular segments are the atrioventricular junction; the primitive inlet segment, part of the primary heart tube, which initially provides the inlets of each ventricle; the primitive outlet ...
Kuncz A - - 2001
A case of a left frontal lobe infarction in a 31-year-old male patient is presented. This patient had bilateral frontal dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF) and a left frontal developmental venous anomaly (DVA). It is suggested that the simultaneous occurrence of these vascular anomalies was the cause of his infarction.
Kuwaki K - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: We have reviewed 260 patients who underwent initial tricuspid valve surgery for functional tricuspid valve regurgitation (TR) and analyzed independent predictors for early and late unfavorable results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1981 and 1998, 260 tricuspid valve operations were performed for functional TR. There were 94 males and 166 ...
Sasaki O - - 2001
A 65-year-old Japanese woman was admitted to hospital because of exertional dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiography showed diffuse hypokinesis of the left-sided ventricular wall, but was not clear enough to provide useful information because of the rotation of the cardiac apex and the presence of lung tissue. Systemic ventriculography showed that the ...
Oshima Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although satisfactory results of corrective surgery for atrioventricular septal defects (AVSDs) with complex lesions such as double-outlet right ventricle (DORV) or atrial isomerism have been reported in recent years, the optimal surgical options for isomerism hearts is still a controversial issue. METHODS: We performed anatomically corrective repair on 13 ...
Goldberg L L Helen Joseph Hospital and Department of Cardiology, University of the Witwatersrand, - - 2001
We report on a case of severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) in a young patient with no history of chest trauma and with an anatomically normal tricuspid valve (TV) apparatus and a dilated TV annulus associated with dystrophic calcification of the left ventricular myocardium. The possibility of congenital pathology as well ...
Leszek P - - 2001
A 30-year old man underwent a head-on motor accident and was admitted to hospital, where he was successfully treated for several injuries. He was discharged home with slight tricuspid regurgitation, without signs of hemodynamic decompensation, and required no further treatment. Five years later he was admitted to the National Institute ...
Arora M - - 2001
A 5-year-old cocker spaniel with tachycardia, > 2 s capillary refill time, arrhythmia, split S2 heart sound, right ventricular enlargement, flattened interventricular septum, dilated pulmonary artery, and slight tricuspid valve insufficiency was diagnosed with reversed patent ductus arteriosus (right-to-left vs the more common left-to-right shunt). Two years later, the dog ...
Westberg G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The association between malignant midgut carcinoid tumours and right-sided cardiac lesions is well known, but the pathogenetic link between tumour secretion and valvular disease is still obscure. The purpose of this investigation was to describe the morphological and functional changes of valvular heart disease in a large patient series ...
Chowdhury U K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The guidelines for performing a one and a half ventricle repair with pulsatile bidirectional Glenn remains controversial. This retrospective report summarizes the experience of a single institution, with an attempt at providing an answer. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients, aged 4 months to 42 years, underwent intracardiac repair along with ...
Renfu Z - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aim was to summarize the authors' experience in corrective surgery of Ebstein's anomaly. METHODS: A total of 139 patients operated on between June 1980 and January 2000 was studied retrospectively. Among these patients, 111 underwent atrialized ventricle plication, tricuspid valve reconstruction and ...
Hornung T S - - 2001
Right ventricular dilatation is an infrequent finding at fetal echocardiography. Previous studies have documented an association with aortic coarctation. However, there are associations with other congenital abnormalities. We reviewed our experience of fetal right heart dilatation in order to recognize concurrent anomalies and to assess the outcome of the affected ...
Vairo U - - 2001
In the present case report, we describe a malformation consisting of a double-outlet right ventricle with an intact ventricular septum diagnosed in a 3-day-old female newborn. To our knowledge 35 cases have been described in the literature. The diagnosis was made by two-dimensional echocardiography and confirmed by angiocardiography. An inadequate ...
Troise D E - - 2001
We report the case of a neonate with a complex cardiac anomaly that consisted of a double outlet right ventricle, intact ventricular septum, small left ventricle, and pulmonary stenosis who underwent surgical repair with a successful outcome. We have not previously found a case report of a patient with double ...
Garne E - - 2001
AIM: To present data on prenatal diagnosis of six major cardiac malformations in low-risk European populations. METHODS: Data from 12 Eurocat registries on congenital malformations. All registries have multiple sources of information and use the same methods of data collection and coding. The six cardiac malformations included were hypoplastic left ...
Brennan P - - 2001
The causes of congenital heart malformations are complex and include a major contribution by genetic factors. These can be considered under the headings of chromosomal, single gene and multifactorial. Almost any degree of autosomal imbalance, whether a full trisomy or a tiny microdeletion, can cause a cardiac malformation. Recent research ...
Richmond S - - 2001
Routine examination of apparently healthy newborn babies detects less than half of those with congenital cardiac malformations because they are asymptomatic and without signs. More severe cardiac malformations are not detected more easily. A normal clinical examination does not exclude serious congenital cardiac malformation. Left heart obstruction is easily overlooked ...
Tanaka M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Tricuspid valve supra-annular implantation (TVSI) has been performed for adult patients with Ebstein's anomaly at our hospital for several decades. TVSI is characterized by reliable reduction of tricuspid annulus size without affecting the conduction system; by prevention of residual tricuspid regurgitation (RTR) through preservation of the native tricuspid valve; ...
Jinag X - - 2001
From Aug. 1999 to Feb. 2001, 8 patients with complex congenital heart diseases, including 5 cases accompanied by hypoplastic left ventricle and 3 by hypoplastic right ventricle, were subjected to total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC). Eight cases underwent the operation under cardiopulmonary bypass and 7 of whom under no cardiac clamp. ...
Kozłowski D - - 2001
The structure of the heart has been the subject of many observations since the beginnings of medical research. The first information regarding the existence of the conduction system of the heart was described by Purkinje and regarding the a-v node by Tawara. From the history regarding this structure it seems ...
Saiki Y - - 2001
Fetal echocardiography has changed our understanding of congenital heart disease by allowing us to diagnose and observe the malformed human heart within weeks of primary morphogenesis. Serial echocardiographic studies have shown that some complex heart malformations result from relatively simple primary lesions that occur early during heart development and may ...
Marino B - - 2001
PURPOSE: Patients with cardiovascular malformations (CVMs) and deletion 22q11 from our series were studied in order to (1) analyze the association with dysmorphic features and noncardiac anomalies, (2) identify specific cardiac patterns and the distinctive association with additional CVMs. METHODS: From 1993 to 2000, 931 patients with CVM (95 with ...
Cook A C - - 2001
Increasingly, paediatric cardiologists are called upon to diagnose cardiac malformations prenatally. In the main, the types of malformation seen during fetal life will be similar to those documented postnatally, but the frequency with which they are encountered, as well as the views that can be used for diagnosis, will be ...
Kilinc M - - 2000
Uhl's anomaly was first reported by Uhl in 1952 and is characterized by congenital partial or complete absence of right ventricular myocardium. It is a very rare anomaly with unknown aetiology. Associations with other congenital heart diseases, familial occurrency, sudden death and arrhythmia with Uhl's anomaly have been reported. Pathologic ...
Powell A J - - 2000
Management of all patients with pulmonary atresia, intact ventricular septum, and right ventricle-dependent coronary circulation (n = 12) with staged surgery directed toward a Fontan palliation resulted in an 83% 5-year actuarial survival. Both deaths in the study were presumably related to coronary ischemia and occurred in the first 4 ...
Huang C J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Repairing Ebstein's anomaly without correction of associated arrhythmia may result in sudden death. Catheter or surgical ablation is indicated for various symptomatic tachyarrhythmias in Ebstein's anomaly. METHODS: Between October 1973 and October 1997, 30 patients with Ebstein's anomaly underwent surgical repair in our hospital. Tricuspid valve replacement was performed ...
Alexi-Meskishvili V - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Lack of conduit growth potential and thrombogenicity are the main drawbacks of the extracardiac Fontan operation (ECFO). Optimal size of the conduit according to the patients age and inferior vena cava diameter has not been established. OBJECTIVES: We set out to ascertain whether the optimal dimensions of the conduit ...
Miyagishima R T - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The surgical management of tricuspid valve endocarditis, especially in patients with positive serology for HIV and hepatitis C, is complicated by the inappropriateness of reconstruction and the late complications of mechanical prostheses and bioprostheses. Late results of mitral homograft replacement of the tricuspid valve ...
Ichikawa S - - 2000
Tricuspid regurgitation, a fairly common finding after cardiac transplantation, is generally mild or moderate, and is not clinically significant. The etiology of tricuspid regurgitation is not entirely understood, and experience with valve replacement after cardiac transplantation is limited. We describe a case of progressively severe tricuspid regurgitation ultimately requiring tricuspid ...
Mattioli A V - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The incidence of an inferior left ventricular infarction involving the right ventricle is very high, ranging from 14 to 84%. Isolated right ventricular infarction accounts for < 3% of all cases of infarction. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between Doppler parameters of ...
Need L R - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the diagnostic accuracy and impact of the systematic use of coronary echocardiography in a large group of preoperative patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). BACKGROUND: Accurate preoperative identification of an anomalous coronary artery crossing the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) in patients with TOF ...
Gilljam T - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We determined long-term outcomes in a large cohort with left atrial isomerism (LAI). BACKGROUND: Left atrial isomerism is associated with a complex spectrum of cardiac and noncardiac anomalies that may impact on outcomes. METHODS: The records of all patients with LAI, born between 1970 and 1998, and treated at ...
Frescura C - - 2000
The essence of the Ebstein's malformation is that the tricuspid valve leaflets do not attach normally to the valve annulus, and the effective orifice is displaced downward into the right ventricular cavity at the junction of the inlet and trabecular components of the right ventricle. Only the septal and posterior ...
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