Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 913
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Khoshhal Saad - - 2004
Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum has been described extensively, and it is recognized that associated abnormalities of the coronary arteries may cause ischemia. We describe a fetus, diagnosed antenatally as having pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum and severe hypoplasia of the right ventricle, who developed severe left ventricular ...
Dyamenahalli Umesh - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine trends, and outcomes, for a cohort of patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum born between 1965 and 1998. BACKGROUND: Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum is a complex lesion that remains a therapeutic challenge, particularly regarding the suitability for biventricular repair. METHODS: We ...
Baufreton Christophe - - 2004
A 29-year-old man was referred to our institution for severe tricuspid regurgitation. Preoperative transesophageal echocardiography revealed dilation of the tricuspid annulus with prolapse of the anterior leaflet and progressive increase in right ventricular diameter. The anterior papillary muscle was elongated. Annuloplasty was completed by polytetrafluoroethylene artificial chordae implanted on the ...
Hiro Matthew E - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Mitral valve dynamic changes during the cardiac cycle have been previously studied in sheep using sonomicrometry. The study aim was to analyze geometric changes of the normal tricuspid annulus in sheep using a similar methodology. This is most likely the first tricuspid valve study ...
Morin Melinda J - - 2004
This report describes a new etiology of pediatric syncope. Epilepsy, brain anomalies, infection, electrolyte abnormalities, and trauma are commonly identified etiologies of seizures in the pediatric population. We report here a child with third-degree heart block and right ventricular outflow tract obstruction related to an intracardiac tumor presenting with syncope ...
Swinburne Joanna L - - 2004
Congenital anomalies of the coronary circulation have been associated with significant cardiac consequences, ranging from angina pectoris to sudden death in otherwise healthy individuals, yet neither systematic evidence nor published guidelines exist to guide cardiologists in the care of such patients. Three cases of coronary anomalies that were detected incidentally ...
McCarthy Patrick M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To compare durability of tricuspid valve annuloplasty techniques, identify risk factors for repair failure, and characterize survival, reoperation, and functional class of surviving patients. METHODS: From 1990 to 1999, 790 patients (mean age 65 +/- 12 years, 51% New York Heart Association functional class III or IV, and mean ...
Pekdemir Hasan - - 2004
A 55-year-old man had undiagnosed tetralogy of Fallot with the complications of decompensated heart failure and infective endocarditis, as well as pulmonic involvement secondary to the endocarditis. The patient had a massive hemoptysis and died. This case is a rare insight into the late outcome of this congenital heart disease.
Levitas Aviva - - 2004
Positional cyanosis is an uncommon finding in young patients. We report three infants who presented with positional cyanosis due to a pedunculated tumour in the right heart. Arterial desaturation was the result of right-to-left shunting at the level of the oval foramen caused by obstruction and/or insufficiency of the tricuspid ...
Kawada Noriyasu - - 2004
The left isomerism heart is common to have various forms of the systemic and pulmonary venous connections, for which numerous reparative methods have been proposed. This report describes a successful extracardiac rerouting of the persistent left superior vena cava of a 6-year-old girl patient having the isomerism heart, bilateral superior ...
Noritomi Tomoaki - - 2004
Left-sided gallbladder is a rare anomaly that is often associated with other abnormal anatomy in the hepatobiliary system. We report our experience of a case of left-sided gallbladder associated with the congenital hypoplasia of the left lobe of the liver. A 71-year-old woman underwent cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. Intraoperative findings ...
Celiker Cengiz - - 2004
Existing data on the effect of retained pacemaker leads on right ventricular (RV) and tricuspid valve function is limited. In this echocardiographic study we investigated the long-term effect of retained ventricular leads on RV and tricuspid valve function in patients with permanent pacemakers. Forty patients, 18 with two (group I) ...
Date Taro - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Although in the treatment of common atrial flutter, the isthmus between the tricuspid valve annulus and the eustachian ridge is often chosen as the site for conduction block by radiofrequency ablation, the precise path of the flutter circuit remains unknown. We therefore investigated the propagation of the atrial flutter ...
Nemeh Hassan W - - 2003
The occurrence of pulmonary venous obstruction after total cavopulmonary connection with intraatrial lateral tunnel is a rare occurrence. We present two cases of hypoplastic left heart syndrome with restrictive interatrial communication presenting late after this type of modified Fontan repair. This occurred even after complete excision of the atrial septum ...
Sato Yoichi - - 2003
A 74-year-old man with combined valvular disease with a recent cerebral infarction was admitted. While undergoing thorough examination for valvular disease, absent right superior vena cava (RSVC) and persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) were recognized. Chest X-ray film suggested a right arch protrusion, and CT and venogram confirmed the ...
Numata Satoshi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether one and one half ventricular repair (1.5 VR) is definitely superior to the Fontan procedure in patients having hypoplastic right ventricle (RV) in the setting of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS) or its relatives, in terms of results in the longer term. METHOD: Since ...
Vydt Tom - - 2003
A patient is described presenting with atrial fibrillation. A dilated coronary sinus was found due to the presence of a persistent left superior caval vein. Absence of the right superior caval vein was suspected with contrast injection through an i.v. line in the right arm, and was confirmed with phlebography. ...
Binotto Maria Angelica - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to assess the pattern of left ventricular hypertrophy, the myocardial capillary network, and the extracellular matrix in hearts with tricuspid atresia. METHODS: We examined 32 hearts with tricuspid atresia and 27 normal hearts from control subjects with similar age and sex distribution. Wall thickness, inlet ...
Aeba Ryo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although temporary tricuspid valve detachment is useful for improved visualization of ventricular septal defect through right atriotomy, liberal use of this adjunct is not widely supported, mainly because of concerns about iatrogenic complications such as heart blocks and tricuspid valve dysfunction. The objective of this study was to determine ...
Michielon Guido - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of incremental risk factors for early mortality in children undergoing orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) for congenital heart disease. METHODS: Between 1988 and 2002, 43 patients (mean age 9.1+/-7.2 years) underwent 44 OHT for complex TGA (6), DORV (4), single ventricle (21), and other end-stage structural heart disease (11). ...
Selamet S E - - 2004
We describe the clinical course, echocardiography, angiography, and histopathology of a female infant with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS) with complete coronary ostial atresia and right ventricle-dependent coronary circulation who survived for 7 weeks after palliative surgery. The patient expired from myocardial insufficiency while waiting for a donor ...
Mahle William T - - 2003
In a cohort of 56 school-aged children with repaired tetralogy of Fallot, significant (moderate to severe) tricuspid regurgitation was common (32% of patients) and was related to both tricuspid annulus dilatation and structural valve abnormalities that were potentially related to previous surgery. Even after adjusting for pulmonary regurgitation, tricuspid regurgitation ...
Thatipelli Mallikarjun R - - 2003
A rare clinical occurrence, heart failure in the setting of tricuspid stenosis should immediately trigger a search for underlying systemic carcinoid disease. Carcinoid tumor cells can secrete a variety of vasoactive substances that result in skin erythema, excretory diarrhea, bronchospasm, and hemodynamic instability, but these manifestations are noted only in ...
Humpl Tilman - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS) is a rare congenital lesion with high mortality. Therapy was exclusively surgical until recently, when the use of radiofrequency-assisted perforation of the atretic valve was introduced as a treatment option. This study analyzes the outcomes and morphological changes to right heart structures ...
Spevack Daniel M - - 2003
We describe a case of an unusual right ventricular flow pattern in a patient with inferior wall myocardial infarction associated with massive right ventricular infarction. Echocardiography was significant for nearly continuous antegrade flow through both the tricuspid and pulmonic valves demonstrated by color and pulsed wave Doppler. The tricuspid and ...
Kozłowski Dariusz - - 2003
Cardiac arrhythmias have troubled patients and fascinated physicians for centuries. The twentieth century was an era of progress, when the mechanism of cardiac disorders became more commonly recognised. Arrhythmias may be due to abnormalities of automaticity, to abnormalities of conduction, or to a combination of both. In order for re-entry ...
Chachques Juan C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Chronically depressed right ventricular (RV) function presents an unsolved therapeutic challenge in cardiac surgery. Despite recent advances in medical and surgical therapies, prognosis remains poor and patient's quality of life and mortality are frequently unacceptable. The aim of this study is to present the first clinical report and long-term ...
Kaygusuz I - - 2003
Candida colliculosa, which grew in blood cultures of a 71-year-old retired man with fever of unknown origin that had lasted for 7 months, in conjunction with transthoracic echocardiography, demonstrating a 20-mm vegetation, superior to the tricuspid valve, herniating into the right atrial cavity. The finding led to the diagnosis of ...
Cherian S M - - 2003
A case of Ebstein's anomaly as demonstrated by echocardiography and electrophysiological studies is discussed. In view of deterioration in tricuspid regurgitation and right ventricular dysfunction, successful surgical repair employing De Vega's tricuspid annuloplasty along with plication of the atrialised portion of the right ventricle is described. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography following ...
Lubiszewska Barbara - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The Fontan operation eliminates the systemic hypoxemia and ventricular volume overload characteristic of prior forms of palliation, however, late outcome of systemic venous and right atrial hypertension were unknown when the procedure was initially proposed. AIM: We assessed the late mortality and the present clinical status atresia and other ...
Gatti Giuseppe - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Tricuspid valve annuloplasty (TVA) using a complete or partial rigid or flexible ring is becoming common practice in the surgical treatment of tricuspid insufficiency (TI). This study evaluates the immediate outcome and the mid-term clinical and echocardiographic follow-up after TVA performed using the Cosgrove-Edwards partial flexible ring. METHODS: From ...
Hannan Robert L - - 2003
An 8-month-old boy with double outlet right ventricle with hypoplastic left ventricle, heterotaxy, left atrial isomerism, bilateral superior vena cavae without bridging vein, and interruption of the inferior vena cava with azygous continuation to the left superior cava underwent a bilateral bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis. A calibrated 3-mm connection between the ...
Nair Kiron K S - - 2003
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is a congenital coronary artery malformation most commonly present in infancy. A variety of surgical procedures have been described to achieve physiological correction of the coronary flow abnormalities. These techniques are effective as long as there is potential for ...
Shinohara T - - 2003
We encountered a male aged 6 years 4 months with Kawasaki disease (KD) with severe tricuspid regurgitation and left ventricular dysfunction in the acute phase. His clinical course and findings of endomyocardial biopsy suggested that myocarditis was the cause of left ventricular dysfunction and responsible for the development of tricuspid ...
Brawn William J - - 2003
In conventional surgery for the associated lesions of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, the right ventricle remains in the systemic circulation. In this situation, the right ventricle and tricuspid valve fail in an unpredictable manner. The double switch procedure was introduced to restore the morphologic left ventricle to ...
D'Cruz Ivan A - - 2003
The coronary sinus (CS) can be imaged echocardiographically as a small tubular sonolucency in the posterior atrioventricular groove. To date, its importance to echocardiographers has been that CS dilatation usually signifies a persistent left superior vena cava. Recently, we developed a technique to image CS caliber over the duration of ...
Garabedian Carl P - - 2002
This report presents a case of pulmonary atresia/intact ventricular septum with right ventricular-dependent coronary circulation. At 7 months of age, the infant underwent coil embolization of the connection between the right ventricle and the coronary circulation. The child is currently well following surgical decompression of the right ventricle.
Rábago Gregorio - - 2002
We describe the surgical procedure of orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) in a recipient with persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) and isolated noncompaction of the left ventricle. The bicaval anastomosis technique was performed using and isolating his native coronary sinus to let the left superior vena cava drain into his ...
Marino Bradley S - - 2002
Over the past two decades, advances in congenital heart surgery, pediatric cardiology, and intensive care medicine have dramatically increased the survival of infants with critical congenital heart disease. The group of patients that has perhaps benefited the most from this progress has been the single-ventricle population. Staged palliation culminating in ...
Wilhelmi Michaela - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Over recent years, heart transplantation (HTX) developed into a successful option for long-term treatment of end-stage heart failure. Ten-year survival ranges between 40% and 50%. Little is known, however, about function and morphology of transplanted hearts during follow-up of more than 10 years. METHODS: In a consecutive cohort of ...
Dounis G - - 2002
Traumatic tricuspid insufficiency, a rare complication of blunt chest trauma, has been reported with increasing frequency during the last 40 years. Automobile accidents are the leading cause of traumatic tricuspid valve regurgitation. The most frequently reported injury is chordal rupture, followed by rupture of the anterior papillary muscle and leaflet ...
Watanabe Manabu - - 2002
We report the case of a severely symptomatic neonate with Ebstein's anomaly. A modified Starnes operation was performed, but insufficient drainage of venous blood returning through thebesian veins caused overdistention of the right ventricle and severe left ventricular dysfunction. Urgent reestablishment of right ventricular-right atrial communication successfully resolved these problems.
Staicu Irina - - 2002
The authors describe the case of a 72-year-old patient who has a history of rheumatic heart disease and had mitral valve replacement in childhood. She presents with progressive right-sided heart failure unresponsive to medical therapy. On evaluation she was found to have severe aortic stenosis and severe tricuspid stenosis. Surgical ...
Ueti O M - - 2002
To assess right ventricular systolic function using indices derived from tricuspid annular motion, and to compare the results with right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) calculated from radionuclide angiography. Pulsed Doppler echocardiography indices were obtained from 10 patients with a normal RVEF (group 1) and from 20 patients whose RVEF was ...
Corno Antonio F - - 2002
Patients with Ebstein's anomaly can present after childhood or adolescence with cyanosis, arrhythmias, severe right ventricular dysfunction and frequently with left ventricular dysfunction secondary to the prolonged cyanosis and to the right ventricular interference. At this point conventional repair is accompanied by elevated mortality and morbidity and poor functional results. ...
Rao P. Syamasundar - - 2002
The prognosis for patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum is poor with and without conventional surgical treatment. Because of this reason, a comprehensive program of medical, transcatheter, and surgical treatment is necessary to improve the long-term outlook of these infants. Algorithms of management plans should be developed based ...
Hung Ming-Jui - - 2002
We describe the case of a 30-year-old man presenting with congenital, isolated severe tricuspid regurgitation due to posterior leaflet dysfunction. An impaired left ventricular ejection fraction and restrictive filling pattern were noted, recovering after tricuspid valve replacement. The left ventricular dysfunction, reversible in this case, may have been the result ...
Michielon Guido - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate late outcome of non-isomeric total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) repair, controlling for anatomic subtypes and surgical technique. METHODS: Between 1983 and 2001, 89 patients (median age 54 days) underwent repair for supracardiac (38), cardiac (26), infracardiac (16) or mixed (nine) TAPVC. Ten patients (11.2%) presented associated ...
Lamers Wouter H - - 2002
Heart morphogenesis comprises 2 major consecutive steps, viz. chamber formation followed by septation. Septation is the remodeling of the heart from a single-channel peristaltic pump to a dual-channel, synchronously contracting device with 1-way valves. In the human heart, septation occurs between 4 and 7 weeks of development. Cardiac looping and ...
Poppe Trygve T - - 2002
A new type of cardiac malformation in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss from a broodstock fish farm is described. The ventricle of affected fish was located dorsodextrally to the atrium, while the latter was saccular, grossly enlarged and protruded through the muscles of the ventral body wall, forming a hernia covered ...
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