Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 899
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Sivaprakasam Muthukumaran - - 2006
Achieving controlled flow between the systemic and pulmonary venous circulations is desirable in many complex congenital heart diseases. This includes the Fontan circulation, primary pulmonary hypertension, double inlet ventricles, or hypoplastic left heart with obstruction to the atrioventricular valve. As no specific device is available for this purpose, we developed ...
Acar Philippe - - 2006
The outcome of patients with Ebstein's malformation depends mainly on the severity of the tricuspid valve malformation. Accurate description of the tricuspid anatomy by two-dimensional echocardiography remains difficult. We applied real-time three-dimensional echocardiography to 3 patients with Ebstein's anomaly. Preoperative and postoperative descriptions of the tricuspid valve were obtained from ...
Tchervenkov Christo I - - 2006
The hypoplastic left heart syndrome encompasses a spectrum of cardiac malformations that are characterized by significant underdevelopment of the components of the left heart and the aorta, including the left ventricular cavity and mass. At the severe end of the spectrum is found the combination of aortic and mitral atresia, ...
Fukuda Shota - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The durability of tricuspid valve (TV) repair by annuloplasty is limited. Identification of mechanisms of recurrent or residual tricuspid regurgitation (TR) after annuloplasty is necessary to improve results of TV repair. The purpose of this study was to investigate echocardiographic determinants of mid-term outcome after TV annuloplasty. METHODS AND ...
Fukuda Shota - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Most rings currently used for tricuspid valve annuloplasty are formed in a single plane, whereas the actual tricuspid annulus (TA) may have a nonplanar or 3-dimensional (3D) structure. The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate the 3D geometry of the TA in healthy subjects and in patients ...
Ton-Nu Thanh-Thao - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is an important predictor of morbidity and mortality in heart failure. We aimed to examine the 3D geometry of the tricuspid valve annulus (TVA) in patients with functional TR, comparing them with patients with normal tricuspid valve function and relating annular geometric changes to functional TR. ...
Vargas Florentino J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Left superior vena cava draining to a dilated coronary sinus can cause left ventricular inflow obstruction. Our purpose is to report 4 severely ill patients with this malformation who were operated upon and in whom repair was accomplished using an original surgical approach. METHODS: An operative procedure was designed, ...
Tanaka R - - 2006
A 22-month-old, male Labrador retriever was presented with anorexia, dyspnoea, and fainting. The dog was diagnosed with a double-chambered right ventricle and tricuspid valve dysplasia using echocardiography and cardiac catheterisation. A marked bilateral pleural effusion was also present and chemical analysis of the fluid confirmed the diagnosis of chylothorax. Using ...
Filsoufi Farzan - - 2006
PURPOSE: Significant functional tricuspid regurgitation should be corrected in patients undergoing surgery for left-sided valvular diseases. Several clinical studies have shown the superiority of the remodeling annuloplasty over other repair techniques. Herein we report our early experience with a new three-dimensional remodeling prosthetic ring (Edwards MC3 annuloplasty system [Edwards LifeSciences, ...
Guleserian Kristine J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Long-term outcome of patients with pulmonary valvar atresia and intact ventricular septum with right-ventricle-dependent coronary circulation (PA/IVS-RVDCC) managed by staged palliation directed toward Fontan circulation is unknown, but should serve as a basis for comparison with management protocols that include initial systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunting followed by listing for cardiac ...
Alwi Mazeni - - 2006
Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PAIVS) is a disease with remarkable morphologic variability, affecting not only the pulmonary valve but also the tricuspid valve, the RV cavity and coronary arteries. With advances in interventional techniques and congenital heart surgery, the management of PAIVS continues to evolve. This review is ...
Salminen Jukka T - - 2006
Two patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome had coronary sinus orifice atresia with persistent left superior vena cava. Both patients underwent successfully coronary sinus unroofing. One underwent surgery at the time of the bidirectional Glenn procedure and the other before creation of a total cavopulmonary connection. According to our population-based ...
Mestres Carlos-A - - 2006
Herein is reported the long-term repair of a cryopreserved mitral homograft in the tricuspid position. A 34-year-old HIV-infected patient underwent tricuspid valve replacement in 1991 with a cryopreserved mitral homograft because of infective endocarditis. Chronic tricuspid regurgitation secondary to repeated endocarditis led to reoperation 13 years later. Mitral valve repair ...
Barberis Vassilis I - - 2006
We report a case of a young female patient with congenitally unguarded tricuspid orifice and underdeveloped pulmonary valve leaflets, who had developed severe right-sided congestive heart failure and cardiac cirrhosis early in life. She was admitted to our hospital with deterioration of dyspnea and abdominal tenderness. Hepatocellular carcinoma was diagnosed ...
Kiernan Thomas J - - 2007
Ebstein's anomaly is a rare congenital cardiac disease initially described by Wilhelm Ebstein in 1866. The primary pathology involves significant apical displacement of the septal tricuspid valve leaflet and the presence of a redundant, elongated, anterior tricuspid valve leaflet. This congenital malformation has multiple known associated morphological and electrophysiological cardiac ...
Lemler Matthew S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The Fontan procedure performed with an extracardiac conduit (ECC) has gained wide acceptance as an alternative to the intracardiac lateral tunnel because it avoids placement of extensive atrial suture lines and use of prosthetic material in the systemic circulation. The extracardiac lateral tunnel (ELT) is a modification of the ...
Nii Masaki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) has a negative impact on outcome in hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). There is a paucity of data assessing the mechanisms of TR. Lateral forces from the left ventricle play an important role in normal tricuspid valve (TV) function. This study evaluates the role of real-time ...
Ali Sulafa K M - - 2006
Ebstein's malformation is a rare congenital cardiac malformation, accounting for about 0.5% of all congenital cardiac lesions. We report our experience with the anomaly as encountered at the Sudan Heart Centre from July 2004 to April 2005. Diagnosis was based on the echocardiographic demonstration of displacement of the septal leaflet ...
Albay S - - 2006
Duplication of superior vena cava (SVC) is a rare anomaly. The incidence of double SVC in general population is 0.3% whereas in patients with congenital heart disease it varies between 10-11%. Double SVC cases have clinical importance if especially the one on the left side drains into the left atrium. ...
Odim Jonah - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We sought to validate a simple grading scheme for right ventricular hypoplasia in determining suitability for a biventricular repair. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records for 106 patients with pulmonary atresia-intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS) treated between 1982 and 2001. Over this period, children were assigned to mild (> 2/3 ...
Stella Mattia - - 2006
A case of ileal carcinoid metastatic to the liver is reported. The diagnosis was made and treatment given ten years after the detection of a left hypervascular liver mass, which was first confounded with a hemangioma. The onset of right heart failure led to surgical replacement of the tricuspid and ...
Iyisoy Atila - - 2006
We present the first case report of left ventricle muscular diverticulum which stands in front of the right ventricle in an asymptomatic 20-year-old male. The diverticulum has a connection with the left ventricular outflow truct, and contracts simultaneously with the left ventricle. The patient has been included in our congenital ...
Jaquiss Robert D B - - 2005
To plan and accomplish a successful operation for a neonate with congenital heart disease, the cardiac surgeon requires a complete anatomic description of the cardiovascular malformation. For optimum outcome, this information must be supplemented by a complete report of the prenatal and postnatal course of the newborn as well as ...
Chowdhury Ujjwal K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The study was designed to assess the long-term results of one and one-half ventricular repair on systemic and pulmonary circulation, right ventricular growth and function, and the prevalence of arrhythmias. METHODS: Eighty-four patients undergoing one and one-half ventricular repair between January 1990 and December 2003 were studied. Age was ...
Johnson Beth Ann - - 2005
Advances in fetal echocardiography are providing highly accurate diagnoses of congenital heart disease prior to delivery, making it possible to plan the delivery-room management of these newborns. Knowledge of the expected transitional circulation occurring with birth and the pathophysiologic implications of congenital heart disease increases the likelihood of providing efficient ...
Miller Michelle S - - 2005
Ebstein anomaly of the tricuspid valve is an uncommon congenital heart defect. We report two unrelated patients with Ebstein anomaly and duplication of the distal long arm of chromosome 15 (15q22 --> qter and 15q24 --> qter). Duplication of 15q is a well-described phenotype that includes congenital heart defects, and ...
Hassan Walid M - - 2005
Endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) is a fascinating disease entity of unknown etiology. It is prevalent in the tropical zone. Its essential features are the formation of fibrous tissue on the endocardium and to a lesser extent in the myocardium of the inflow tract and apex of one or both ventricles. It ...
Arrington Cammon B - - 2005
A term infant rapidly developed profound cyanosis and metabolic acidosis shortly after an uncomplicated vaginal delivery. Echocardiography identified a flail antero-superior leaflet of the tricuspid valve, which was producing severe tricuspid insufficiency. The clinical state deteriorated despite maximal medical management, and the patient was placed on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. ...
Yutzey Katherine E - - 2005
Congenital heart defects affect approximately 1 in every 100 live births, and deficits in the formation of the mitral, tricuspid, and outflow tract valves account for 20-25% of all cardiac malformations. Mutations in genes that affect Ras signaling have been identified in individuals with congenital valve disease associated with Noonan ...
Kühn A - - 2006
An unroofed coronary sinus is a rare congenital malformation with a strong association to a persistent left vena cava superior. In most cases it occurs together with complex cardiac anomalies such as left isomerism. We report on a 72-year-old man with clinical signs of right heart failure caused by an ...
Marwah A - - 2006
Parachute abnormality of mitral valve frequently occurs with left sided obstructive lesions though occasionally may occur as an isolated lesion. Symptoms depend upon the severity of stenosis and associated lesions. Parachute abnormality of the tricuspid valve has rarely been reported and its association with left to right shunts has not ...
Daubeney Piers E F - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum is a form of congenital heart disease usually associated with right-heart hypoplasia, with considerable morphologic heterogeneity and often poor outlook. Ascertainment of risk factors for poor outcome is an important step if an improvement in outcome is to be achieved. METHODS: The UK ...
Saxena Pankaj - - 2005
A young woman presented with a presumptive diagnosis of tricuspid valve tumor in a structurally normal heart. She was recently started on oral progesterone for menorrhagia related to uterine fibroids. She underwent an excision of the mass attached to the tricuspid valve, which was found to be an organized thrombus. ...
Luo Guo-Hua - - 2005
Traumatic tricuspid insufficiency is an uncommon clinical condition and surgical procedures vary. In this paper we report our experience in treating traumatic tricuspid insufficiency using the double orifice technique. From January 2000 to September 2003, 10 patients with traumatic tricuspid regurgitation were admitted to our hospital, 5 of whom were ...
Kannam Hari C P - - 2005
Coronary artery anomalies have an incidence of 0.6% to 1.3% in angiographic studies and 0.3% in an autopsy series. Anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) from the right sinus of Valsalva (RSOV) represents a small fraction (1.3%) of these anomalies, with an overall prevalence of 0.017% to ...
Ishibashi Nobuyuki - - 2005
We performed an arterial switch operation in a patient with double outlet right ventricle with non-committed ventricular septal defect, and abnormal insertion of the tension apparatus of the tricuspid valve which produced moderate tricuspid regurgitation. This required extensive enlargement of the ventricular septal defect between the attachments of the cords ...
Nazarian Saman - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Placement of electrophysiology catheters and pacing leads in the coronary sinus is challenging in some patients, particularly those with dilated cardiomyopathy. We hypothesized that cannulation of the coronary sinus and its branches can be facilitated by direct visualization. This study reports our experience with navigation into and within the ...
Gaussin Vinciane - - 2005
Endocardial cushions are precursors of mature atrioventricular (AV) valves. Their formation is induced by signaling molecules originating from the AV myocardium, including bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). Here, we hypothesized that BMP signaling plays an important role in the AV myocardium during the maturation of AV valves from the cushions. To ...
Sinkovec Matjaz - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium is a rare congenital cardiomyopathy characterized by numerous excessively prominent trabeculations and deep intertrabecular recesses. Noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium is most often an isolated cardiac malformation presenting as a sporadic disease. Associated cardiac anomalies are present in some patients. We report a family ...
Kelekci Sefa - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyomas are the most common benign cardiac neoplasms occurring in the fetus and neonate, with most of them identified within the first year of life. Cardiac rhabdomyomas are frequently associated with tuberous sclerorosis. CASE: A 25-year-old, pregnant woman with no remarkable personal or family history was referred to us ...
Iwai Shigemitsu - - 2005
We repaired a case of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum in which the blood supply to the left anterior descending coronary artery depended on the right ventricle. At the time of a bidirectional Glenn operation, total cardiopulmonary bypass with venous drainage from the right atrium was performed in order ...
Assiri A S - - 2005
An anomalous origin of right coronary artery from the left sinus of Valsalva is a rare congenital anomaly of the coronary arteries. We describe a 40-year-old male hypertensive and hyperlipidemic patient who presented with typical anginal pain with normal ECG and echocardiogram and abnormal exercise ECG Test Coronary angiography showed ...
Manning Nicky - - 2005
Information generated by work on the human genome means that we now understand the genetic basis of many of the cardiac anomalies that present in the fetal and neonatal periods. This allows for an earlier and more definitive diagnosis of an underlying syndrome, although it does not replace the need ...
Lin Grace - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We report a series of patients with severe tricuspid valve regurgitation due to a permanent pacemaker (PPM) or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) lead. BACKGROUND: Severe tricuspid regurgitation caused by a PPM or ICD lead is an under-recognized but treatable etiology of severe right heart failure. METHODS: We reviewed the records ...
Attenhofer Jost C H - - 2005
Ebstein's anomaly (EA) is a rare but fascinating congenital heart disorder accounting for <1% of all congenital heart defects. Since its description in 1866, dramatic advances in diagnosis and therapy have been made. In this review, we describe current diagnostic criteria and classification, natural history, clinical features, and prognosis, typical ...
Rodríguez María M - - 2005
Nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) or generalized soft tissue edema and cavity effusions may be due to cardiovascular diseases, congenital infections, genitourinary malformations, thoracic masses, placental conditions, chromosomal abnormalities, and idiopathic. We report 32 cases of NIHF from among 429 neonates who underwent autopsies (incidence 7.45%). Sixteen cases (50%) had cardiovascular ...
Takehara Naohumi - - 2005
We describe a case of a 67-year-old woman with a history of cerebral infarction and pulmonary embolism that presented with chest pain. Subsequent evaluation resulted in a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction and occult DVT, and imaging revealed a rare congenital absence of the infra-renal portion of the inferior vena ...
Burke Allen - - 2005
Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) has been recently proposed as a specific form of cardiomyopathy. There have been few pathological series describing gross and microscopic findings of this entity, especially in children. We present findings of 14 hearts (13 autopsy and 1 explant) with LVNC (isolated and associated with congenital heart ...
Kobayashi Mariko - - 2005
We report a 4-year-old girl who underwent replacement of a bioprosthetic valve in the tricuspid position due to rare bioprosthetic dysfunction. The bioprosthetic valve showed marked tricuspid insufficiency as well as stenosis caused by the adhesion of the preserved native valve leaflets to the undersurface of the implanted bioprosthesis.
Attenhofer Jost Christine H CH Department of Internal Medicine and Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2005
To identify the incidence of left heart abnormalities in patients with Ebstein anomaly, recognizing that left-sided lesions in this patient group have been overlooked. According to the echocardiography database at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn, 106 consecutive patients with Ebstein anomaly underwent echocardiography between July 1, 2001, and February ...
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