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Martínez Quintana Efrén - - 2008
Criss cross heart is an extremely rare anomaly accounting for less than 0.1% of congenital heart disease. It is characterized by an abnormal rotation of the heart on its long axis. Almost always there are associated cardiac anomalies such as pulmonary stenosis, ventricular septal defect, ventriculoarterial connection discord or hypoplasia ...
Fayad Georges - - 2008
AIMS: This prospective study was undertaken to analyze the outcomes of conservative surgery with the "clover technique" for active infective tricuspid valve endocarditis. METHODS: Five consecutive patients underwent surgery for active infective tricuspid valve endocarditis. The mean age was 36.6 years. Four of the patients were men. In all patients, ...
Sarkola Taisto - - 2008
Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA+IVS) is a rare congenital cardiac malformation which is associated with ventriculocoronary arterial communications from the right ventricle. We present a case of PA+IVS with a bilateral atresia of the coronary ostia, and thus, a completely right ventricular-dependent coronary circulation followed up by fetal ...
Dimitrakakis Georgios - - 2008
Coronary cameral fistula, a rare acyanotic congenital or acquired anomaly that involves a large communication between one of the coronary arteries and a cardiac chamber, is the most important hemodynamically significant coronary artery abnormality. This case report is the first description of the combination of double coronary artery cameral fistulas ...
Sezgin A - - 2008
Ascites is a common clinical condition during right heart failure. In this short report we have presented a patient with massive ascites due to right heart failure after cardiac transplantation who was previously operated for Ebstein's anomaly and pulmonary stenosis as well as mitral and tricuspid valve repairs. Right heart ...
Morghen Ilaria - - 2008
The KBG syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant condition, first described by Hermann et al. in 1975. Fundamental findings are: mild development delay, short stature, craniofacial dysmorphism and skeletal anomalies. A 32 years old woman, Caucasian race, weight 57 Kg, affected by KBG syndrome was sent to our clinics for ...
Moustafa Sherif E - - 2008
Shone's anomaly, a congenital cardiac malformation complex, consists of multiple levels of left heart obstruction. A rare case of an incomplete form of this anomaly discovered incidentally during cardiac catheterization for an unrelated event is described.
Arora Harvinder - - 2008
Contrast echocardiography is recognized to be a safe, effective technique for evaluating the endocardial border and left ventricular function in patients who have suboptimal non-contrast echocardiograms. However, its use in diagnosing right-heart conditions is less well established. Herein, we report our experience with the use of contrast echocardiography for diagnosing ...
Buyuklu Mutlu - - 2009
One of the most common congenital anomalies of systemic veins is persistent left superior vena cava. Association of persistent left superior vena cava with other congenital cardiac diseases is common and frequently encountered during diagnostic studies. Contrast echocardiography has an important role in the diagnosis. Owing to the fact that ...
Webster Gregory - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Transvenous ventricular pacing leads across the tricuspid valve may cause or exacerbate tricuspid regurgitation (TR). The literature in adults is inconclusive and no studies have investigated the association between pacing leads and TR in children or congenital heart disease patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective chart review was conducted ...
López-Candales Angel - - 2009
Even though pulmonary hypertension (PH) results in right ventricular (RV) dilatation and contractile dysfunction; the exact mechanism(s) remain to be identified. RV fractional area change (RVFAC), right atrial (RA) areas, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), and systolic (sEI) eccentricity index were measured in 19 PH patients and 11 individuals ...
Srivastava Vivek - - 2007
A persistent left superior vena cava is an anomaly found in association with many congenital heart disorders. However its presence along with absence of the right superior vena cava is a very rare congenital anomaly. This anomaly has implications in various interventional procedures and in cardiac surgery. We present here ...
Nakayama Takuya - - 2007
We report the case of a 53-year-old woman with Ebstein's anomaly and intractable heart failure who had undergone only tricuspid valve replacement 30 years earlier. She was treated conservatively for 1 month; however, she was placed in the New York Heart Association functional class IV. Therefore, we operated on her ...
Skwarek M - - 2007
The tendinous chords of the tricuspid valve are the predominant type of connection between the papillary muscles and the tricuspid valve. Studies describing the evolutionary line of these connections are well known. The flexibility of particular leaflets of the tricuspid valve varies, as does the tension of the blood stream ...
Ghanayem N S - - 2007
The Fontan operation accomplishes complete separation of systemic venous blood from pulmonary venous circulation in patients with single ventricle anatomy. Operative survival since the first description of the Fontan operation is excellent in the current era through modifications in surgical techniques, identification of patient-specific risk factors, and advances in postoperative ...
Morais Humberto - - 2009
An unguarded tricuspid valve is a rare congenital anomaly. We describe the clinical and echocardiographic features of two young adult African patients with syncope, new-onset right cardiac failure, in whom the diagnosis of isolated unguarded tricuspid valve was established. One of the patients underwent tricuspid annuloplasty with good surgical results.
Brian J. Parker; St. ...
Developmental venous anomaly (DVA) is a vascular malformation thought to be a benign embryologic variant. We describe a patient who presented with focal neurological deficits and parathesia due to an infarct associated with a developmental venous anomaly with a thrombosed draining vein.
Vyas Himeshkumar - - 2007
Double inlet left ventricle is a common form of univentricular atrioventricular connection. The clinical presentation is varied depending on associated lesions and the arrangement of great arteries. Management generally involves staging toward the ultimate goal of Fontan palliation. With advances in noninvasive diagnosis, surgical and postoperative care outcomes have significantly ...
Di Mauro Michele - - 2007
AIMS: To evaluate the impact of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction on early and mid-term outcome of patients with ischaemic or dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) undergoing mitral valve annuloplasty. METHODS AND RESULTS: From January 1997 to December 2005, 111 patients with DCM (89 ischaemic, 22 non-ischaemic) were enrolled in this retrospective study. ...
Jacobs Jeffrey P - - 2007
In 2000, The International Nomenclature Committee for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease was established. This committee eventually evolved into the International Society for Nomenclature of Paediatric and Congenital Heart Disease. The working component of this international nomenclature society has been The International Working Group for Mapping and Coding of Nomenclatures ...
Gatti Giuseppe - - 2007
This study evaluates the application to the tricuspid valve of a flexible prosthetic band originally devised for mitral repair. Between March 2001 and May 2005, 53 consecutive patients (age 66.2+/-8.5 years) with significant tricuspid regurgitation and dilatation of the right-sided cardiac chambers underwent tricuspid valve annuloplasty with the band and ...
Kimura Takuya - - 2007
Little is known about the safety of LRLTx in children with end stage liver disease associated with congenital cardiac anomalies. We report the successful LRLTx in a case with extrahepatic biliary atresia associated with cTGA, VSD, and PS. Preoperative cardiac function was evaluated by cardiac echogram and cardiac catheterization. The ...
Aboulhosn Jamil - - 2007
Since 1971, the Fontan operation has been performed for the repair of single-ventricle physiology. This ingenious operation commits a single ventricle to the systemic circulation and takes advantage of cardiovascular and respiratory physiology to propel deoxygenated blood to the lungs, thus minimizing right-to-left shunting and cyanosis. Initially performed as a ...
Nucifora Gaetano - - 2007
Pacemaker leads may impair tricuspid valve coaptation and they are a well-known cause of mild tricuspid regurgitation. Occasionally, right ventricular leads worsen tricuspid regurgitation over time and patients develop late-onset symptoms of right-sided heart failure. The exact mechanism of this clinical entity is rarely identifiable by 2D-echocardiography only. This case ...
Lee Kun-Kuang - - 2007
A 30-year-old man who is a heroin addict was diagnosed with uncontrolled tricuspid valve endocarditis and repeated lung abscesses. He underwent tricuspid valvectomy for the endocarditis. After surgery the patient had severe tricuspid regurgitation and hypoxemia develop. Due to severe tricuspid regurgitation-induced ventricular distension and persistent low cardiac output, reimplantation ...
Yang Xiubin - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The approach of repairing tricuspid valve insufficiency caused by congenital lack of chordae or traumatic rupture of chordae is often complicated and difficult. We try to present an alternative method and midterm results. METHODS: Between April 1997 and December 2004, eight patients (5 males, 3 females; mean ...
Chen Tien-En - - 2007
Transthoracic 2-dimensional (D) echocardiography (echo) is often used to assess tricuspid regurgitation (TR) after implantation of permanent pacemakers. However, its ability to define the precise anatomical relationship between the tricuspid valve and the pacemaker lead is quite limited. This report presents a 58-year-old male with aggravation of TR after pacemaker ...
Gurvitz Michelle - - 2007
Ebstein's anomaly of the tricuspid valve is a rare lesion comprising less than 1% of patients with congenital heart disease. Among congenital heart lesions, Ebstein's anomaly is one of the most diverse in presentation, severity, and management. In its most severe form, it is also one of the most lethal. ...
Ivens Emma Louise - - 2007
The presence of simultaneous left- and right-sided endocarditis affecting the cardiac structures is rare and information regarding clinical presentation, pathophysiologic mechanisms, and prognosis is limited. We report the case of a young woman who presented to our institution with severe staphylococcal peritonitis and generalized sepsis who had tricuspid valve and ...
Takabayashi Shin - - 2007
A 6-month-old boy was diagnosed with coronary sinus orifice atresia, double-outlet right ventricle, complete atrioventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, and moderate common atrioventricular valve regurgitation associated with heterotaxy syndrome. Cardiac venous flow drained through a persistent left superior vena cava. We decided to perform coronary sinus orifice unroofing through the ...
Totsugawa Toshinori - - 2007
We encountered a case of massive tricuspid regurgitation after corrective surgery for a ventricular septal defect. Fixation of the septal leaflet to the ventricular septum at the point where it was closed with a pericardial patch and marked annular dilatation were the lesions contributing to the severe tricuspid regurgitation. The ...
Park Jong-Seon - - 2007
Noncompaction of ventricular myocardium (NVM) is a morphogenetic anomaly of ventricular myocardium that leads to the development of cardiomyopathy. It is frequently associated with other congenital cardiac malformations. A 75-year-old woman was admitted with resting dyspnea lasting for several days. Two-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated an enlarged left ventricle with global impairment ...
Rommel Michael - - 2007
Cardiac CT has become widely available as a diagnostic test. It is noninvasive, low risk (for contrast allergies), quick, and highly sensitive for identifying the coronary origins and course. Two coronary anomalies, the left main artery from the right sinus of Valsalva, and the right coronary artery originating from the ...
López-Candales Angel - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Annular motion (AM) has been shown to occur during all dynamic phases of the cardiac cycle; but little is known regarding comparisons between mitral and tricuspid AM. We elected to use M-mode to examine the extent and timing of mitral and tricuspid AM events. METHODS: A complete echocardiogram was ...
Bara Christoph - - 2008
Posttraumatic tricuspid insufficiency (PTI) is an uncommon clinical condition and frequently difficult to diagnose due to latent development of cardiac symptoms. The selection of an appropriate surgical treatment for PTI has been controversial. A simple and effective method of choice is De Vega tricuspid annuloplasty. We report here the excellent ...
Postema Pieter G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In case reports and small series, the coexistence of a persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) and extra-cardiac anomalies has been noted. However, an association between LSVC and extra-cardiac anomalies has not been documented. We investigated the association between LSVC and extra-cardiac anomalies in patients referred to our tertiary ...
Bartram Ulrike - - 2008
Congenital interruption of the inferior vena cava (IVC) due to absence of its hepatic segment is usually found in patients with polysplenia. The occurrence without other features of the heterotaxy syndrome is rare, and the frequency of associated additional vascular and cardiac anomalies in these patients is not well known. ...
Jonjev Zivojin S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Patients with ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy exhibit extensive remodeling of the left ventricle, annular dilation, and significant mitral and tricuspid regurgitation. These changes increase per operative morbidity and mortality, and emphasize patient candidacy for heart transplantation. The aim of this study is to show immediate and long-term results after reductive ...
Hosseinpour Amir-Reza - - 2007
The morphology of the outlet septum, the ventriculo-infundibular fold, the infundibulum and the septomarginal trabeculation has been well described. These structures are closely interrelated, such that variations in the morphology and orientation of any one of them inevitably affect the morphology and orientation of the others. In this review, we ...
Bichell David P V - - 2007
Distortion of septal and atrial anatomy in Ebstein's anomaly places the atrioventricular node and His bundle at risk for injury at operation. We present a novel technique for creating a robust neo-annulus, remote from conduction tissue, adding to the armamentarium of techniques available for the reconstruction or replacement of the ...
Macfarlane A J R - - 2007
Ebstein's anomaly is a rare congenital cardiac defect associated with both displacement and incompetence of the tricuspid valve. The condition is commonly complicated by supraventricular tachycardias. We describe the management of a patient with this condition undergoing caesarean section. Propofol and remifentanil total intravenous anaesthesia resulted in haemodynamic stability and ...
Knott-Craig Christopher J - - 2007
The presentation of Ebstein's anomaly (ventricular displacement of the tricuspid valve, especially septal and posterior leaflets) in the neonatal period is distinguished from that in later life by a much higher mortality, due in part to the pre-existing elevation in pulmonary vascular resistance. Surgery in the neonatal period has previously ...
Bol Raap Goris - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was done to investigate the potential additional role of virtual reality, using three-dimensional (3D) echocardiographic holograms, in the postoperative assessment of tricuspid valve function after surgical closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD). METHODS: 12 data sets from intraoperative epicardial echocardiographic studies in 5 operations (patient age at ...
Komura Makoto - - 2007
A 41-day-old female infant with VACTERL association was transferred to the pediatric intensive care unit of our hospital. She had been delivered at 36 weeks gestation by spontaneous vaginal delivery and weighed 2340 g. Esophageal atresia type A with long gap, anal atresia, cardiac anomaly (atrial septal defect and patent ...
Bove Edward L - - 2007
Tricuspid valve regurgitation in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality. Due to the multifactorial nature of its etiology, repair of the tricuspid valve may not always address the underlying problem and fail to improve late outcome. The role of tricuspid valve repair ...
Kovarik Ales - - 2007
Right-sided endocarditis usually involves the tricuspid valve, predominantly in intravenous drug abusers, in patients with anti-arrhythmic devices or central venous lines, and in patients with skin or genitourinary infection and with congenital heart disease 1. We describe a case of a 15-y-old patient, who had tricuspid valve endocarditis in a ...
Warnes Carole A - - 2006
Many patients with ventriculoarterial discordance have survived to adulthood. Those with complete transposition of the great arteries have often had an atrial switch procedure (Mustard or Senning operation) performed, which leaves the morphological right ventricle (RV) supporting the systemic circulation. RV failure and tricuspid regurgitation are common. Some patients may ...
da Silva José Pedro - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe a new technique for tricuspid valve repair in Ebstein's anomaly and to report early echocardiographic results, as well as early and midterm clinical outcomes. METHODS: From November 1993 through August 2005, 40 consecutive patients with Ebstein's anomaly (mean age, 16.8 +/- 12.3 years) underwent a ...
Fukuda Shota - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The etiology of functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is thought to be annular dilatation and tethering of tricuspid valve (TV) leaflets. However, mechanisms of leaflet tethering are incompletely understood. The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate the relationships between TV annular dilatation and leaflet tethering with the severity ...
Ota Noritaka - - 2007
Moderate/severe tricuspid valve regurgitation is one of the important risk factors affecting outcome after the Norwood procedure. We now evaluate tricuspid valves more precisely echocardiographically and manage tricuspid valve regurgitation even when performing the stage I Norwood procedure. We reviewed all patients (tricuspid valve regurgitation moderate/severe group=10, mild/trivial non-regurgitation group=19) ...
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