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Davis Christopher K - - 2011
IntroductionIn patients with varying degrees of left heart hypoplasia, it is often difficult to determine whether the left heart structures are adequate in size to support biventricular circulation. Historically, the decision to pursue a single ventricle or biventricular repair needed to be made early and was often irreversible. The hybrid ...
Quintavalla Cecilia - - 2010
A 2-year-old, neutered male, domestic shorthair cat was presented for investigation of dyspnea and episodic weakness. Clinical and ultrasonographic features were consistent with right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Pathological findings documented Uhl's anomaly. Although rare, Uhl's anomaly should be a differential diagnosis for cats with right-sided congestive heart failure. In particular, Uhl's ...
Irwin Richard Bruce - - 2010
Right-sided cardiac valvular disease has traditionally been considered less clinically important than mitral or aortic valve pathology. However, detectable tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is common and recent data suggest that significant TR can lead to functional impairment and reduced survival, particularly in patients with concomitant left-sided valvular disease. The tricuspid valve ...
Blauwet Lori A - - 2010
Doppler-derived hemodynamic data for normal tricuspid valve bioprostheses are limited. A comprehensive retrospective Doppler echocardiographic assessment of 285 normal Carpentier-Edwards Duraflex, Medtronic Mosaic, St. Jude Medical Biocor, Carpentier-Edwards Perimount, and Medtronic Hancock II tricuspid valve bioprostheses was performed early after implantation. All the important Doppler-derived hemodynamic variables reported to date ...
Hasdemir Hakan - - 2012
Symptomatic cardiac injury after blunt chest trauma is relatively rare, and valvular injury is even more rare. The valves most commonly affected are tricuspid. Automobile accidents are mostly responsible for this type of injury. Unlike with the mitral valve, post-traumatic tricuspid heart valve insufficiency is usually well tolerated. Indeed, severe ...
Van de Veire Nico R - - 2011
We hypothesize that concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty in patients with tricuspid annular dilatation who undergo mitral valve repair could prevent progression of tricuspid regurgitation and right ventricular remodeling. In 2002, 80 patients underwent mitral valve repair. Concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty was performed in 13 patients with grade 3 or 4 tricuspid regurgitation. ...
Ono Masamichi - - 2010
The anatomic subtype of mitral stenosis, aortic atresia, and myocardial sinusoids is reported to be associated with increased mortality for staged repair for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. We herein report a very rare case of this subtype of hypoplastic left heart syndrome presenting with marked myocardial sinusoids in the left ...
Wolf David - - 2010
A 78-year-old male patient was referred cardiovascular risk evaluation before elective resection of a bronchial carcinoma. A myocardial infarction with a subsequent coronary artery bypass revascularization and a mitral prosthetic valve surgery were known. Left lateral decubitus (LLD) was permanently avoided because of significant trepopnea since several years. No signs ...
Jensen Bjarke - - 2010
Most anatomical and physiological studies of the sauropsid heart have focused on species with extraordinary physiologies, and detailed anatomical descriptions of hearts from sauropsids with more common physiologies are therefore warranted. Here, we present a comprehensive study of the cardiac anatomy of the South American rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus). The cardiovascular ...
Song Jong-Min - - 2010
Right ventricle (RV) remodeling can determine tricuspid valve (TV) geometry and the severity of functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR). In 53 patients with various degrees of functional TR and in sinus rhythm, RV and TV geometries were analyzed using real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography, including tenting angles of 3 leaflets, septal-lateral and antero-posterior ...
Coats Louise - - 2010
Occasionally complex congenital cardiac disease presents for the first time in adulthood, encouraging us to reflect anew on our understanding of familiar conditions. A 59-year-old woman, who had had two normal pregnancies, attended with breathlessness and was found to have a double inlet left ventricle with concordant ventriculoarterial connections and ...
Sedacca Cassidy D - - 2010
Univentricular atrioventricular (AV) connections are rare and complex congenital cardiac anomalies in which both AV valves communicate into a large, common (single) receiving chamber. The common chamber can be of left, right, or mixed ventricular morphology. Although well documented in people, reports of the double-inlet ventricle malformation are rare in ...
Cannavale Giuseppe - - 2010
Unroofed coronary sinus is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly in which a communication occurs between the coronary sinus and the left atrium due to the partial or complete absence of roof of the coronary sinus. Its diagnosis is important to prevent pulmonary hypertension and brain abscess or cerebral emboli. We ...
Kale Suresh Babu - - 2010
Congenital abnormalities of the tricuspid valve without downward displacement of the septal and posterior tricuspid leaflets are uncommon causes of tricuspid regurgitation. Progressive tricuspid regurgitation can lead to right heart dilatation, arrhythmia, and irreversible deterioration of right ventricular function. Tricuspid valve repair is an important method to stabilize symptomatic children ...
Wolf David - - 2010
A 78-year-old male patient was referred cardiovascular risk evaluation before elective resection of a bronchial carcinoma. A myocardial infarction with a subsequent coronary artery bypass revascularization and a mitral prosthetic valve surgery were known. Left lateral decubitus (LLD) was permanently avoided because of significant trepopnea since several years. No signs ...
Lee Cheul - - 2010
Accessory tricuspid valve (TV) tissue is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly with varying clinical and hemodynamic features. We report a rare case of accessory TV tissue causing severe right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOT) in a patient without associated cardiac anomaly. Surgical resection of the isolated accessory TV tissue resulted ...
Weichert J - - 2011
Aneurysmatic bulgings of either ventricular/atrial structures or outflow tract vessels such as the ductus arteriosus are rare prenatal conditions. Prenatal diagnosis is confirmed by detailed echocardiographic examination of the fetal heart. The majority of these congenital abnormalities are probably related to developmental disorders. Most of the affected fetuses display an ...
Changela Vishal - - 2010
We present a large single-center series (>2200 cases) operated for Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). We analyzed the incidence of associated unusual and uncommonly described cardiac lesions and their diagnostic and therapeutic implications in TOF patients. This retrospective study was conducted by reviewing records of patients operated for TOF at a ...
Higaki Takashi - - 2011
We treated a 6-year-old boy who had polysplenia syndrome and tetralogy of Fallot with a small right ventricle (RV), an atrial septal defect, a hemiazygos connection, and bilateral superior vena cava. Because the RV was too small for a biventricular repair to be performed, the patient underwent a total cavopulmonary ...
Furui Masato - - 2010
A 71-year-old man presented with general fatigue associated with syncope and fever, and was admitted to our hospital and treated with antibiotics for pneumonia. On day 10 after admission, cardiac echocardiography showed a ventricular septal perforation and giant vegetation floating in the right ventricle near the tricuspid valve, which had ...
Silversides Candice K - - 2010
With advances in pediatric cardiology and cardiac surgery, the population of adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) has increased. In the current era, there are more adults with CHD than children. This population has many unique issues and needs. Since the 2001 Canadian Cardiovascular Society Consensus Conference report on the ...
Zurick Andrew O AO - - 2010
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) is a rare form of congenital heart disease, constituting 0.5% of all congenital heart defects. The incidence of left ventricle (non-systemic ventricle) outflow tract obstruction ranges between 44 and 57%. Herein, we present the case of a 45 year old woman with ...
Saleeb Susan F - - 2010
The purposes of this study were to characterize the morphologic, imaging, and clinical characteristics of double-inlet, double-outlet right ventricle (DI-DORV), a rare congenital heart disease, and to compare these findings to those in patients with double-inlet left ventricle (DILV). The clinical records, imaging studies, and heart specimens of 22 consecutive ...
Kamiya Chizuko - - 2010
A 19-year-old man was admitted for severe traumatic tricuspid regurgitation (TR) 4 months after a traffic accident. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed severe TR, with an abnormal chordal structure. Three-dimensional echocardiography showed widely lacerated right ventricular endocardium involving many subvalvular components. In this case of traumatic TR, three-dimensional echocardiography was useful not ...
Takai Hideaki - - 2010
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is an X-linked muscular dystrophy in which cardiac involvement can be serious. The disease progresses rapidly and the prognosis is strongly associated with cardiac involvement. We present the case of a 49-year-old man who was admitted with shortness of breath. Echocardiography revealed a huge right atrium ...
Lato K - - 2010
The extremely rare syndrome including absent pulmonary valve associated with membranous tricuspid atresia or severe tricuspid stenosis, intact ventricular septum and patent ductus arteriosus has been reported sporadically in the postnatal literature. This cardiac defect is characterized by right ventricular dysplasia with asymmetrical ventricular septal hypertrophy, ventricular septum bulging into ...
Bautista-Hernandez Victor - - 2010
The management of D-loop transposition of the great arteries with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and related forms of double-outlet right ventricle is challenging. Association with right ventricular and tricuspid valve hypoplasia and dextrocardia represents a major obstacle to achieve a biventricular repair. The most commonly used technique to deal ...
Matt Peter - - 2010
Gerbode's defect, a left ventricular-to-right atrial communication, with involvement of the tricuspid valve acquired after bacterial endocarditis can be challenging to repair. We report a modified technique for a shunt closure and reconstruction of the tricuspid valve using a plicated bovine pericardial patch. Combining such a repair with a left ...
Kerst Gunter - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Tetralogy of Fallot is characterized by a non-restrictive malalignment ventricular septal defect (VSD), an overriding aorta and right ventricular outflow tract obstruction resulting from anterior deviation of the infundibular septum. Due to the large VSD, systolic pressures are equal in both ventricles. In rare cases, redundant tricuspid valve tissue ...
Hung Judy - - 2010
Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a common etiology of TR. Functional TR results from geometrical distortion of the normal spatial relationships of the tricuspid leaflets, annulus, chords, papillary muscles, and right ventricular (RV) walls. Functional TR results most commonly from left-sided heart disease, including mitral valve abnormalities and cardiomyopathy and ...
Akdemir Ramazan - - 2010
Double chambered is a term that has been used to describe the subdivision of a ventricle as a result of anomalous septum or muscle bundle. Subdivision of the left ventricular cavity is a rare cardiac anomaly compared to subdivision of the right ventricle. This case features a double chambered right ...
Lim Hong-Gook - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to evaluate long-term results of biventricular repairs for congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, and to analyze the risk factors that affect mortality and morbidity. METHODS: Between 1983 and 2009, 167 patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries underwent biventricular repairs. The ...
Hamdan Righab - - 2010
Cor triatriatum is a very rare congenital abnormality, usually symptomatic during childhood, diagnosis in adult age is less common. We report the case of a 40 years old woman referred to our hospital for atrial flutter ablation, transthoracic cardiac bidimensional echocardiography showed an abnormal membrane bisecting the left atrium, the ...
Gologorsky Edward - - 2010
We, herein, report a patient with persistent left superior vena cava with enlarged coronary sinus and absent right superior vena cava. This anomaly, diagnosed intraoperatively during the third open-heart surgery in the course of transesophageal echocardiography examination, was not mentioned during the patient's previous two cardiac operations. Challenges in intraoperative ...
Ansari Riyazuddin S - - 2009
Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is the most common congenital cardiac anomaly occurring in around 0.4% of the general population, and 1.3-4.5% in those with additional cardiac defects. Eighty-two percent of PLSVC coexists with a right superior vena cava. Usually PLSVC is asymptomatic, but can cause difficulties during central ...
Bullock-Palmer Renee P - - 2009
Adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) has become increasingly important in adult cardiology. A 54-year-old female presented with symptoms and signs of new onset heart failure. Echocardiography showed congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) with systolic dysfunction of the systemic right ventricle, ejection fraction was 15 to 20% and ...
Brown Morgan L - - 2009
Ebstein anomaly is a myopathy of the right ventricle that results in variable degrees of failure of delamination of the tricuspid valve leaflets from the underlying endocardium, leading to severe tricuspid valve regurgitation and some degree of right ventricular dysfunction. In neonates or infants who remain in congestive heart failure ...
Nishi Hiroyuki - - 2009
We report a case with a primary giant cardiac lipoma in the right ventricle attached to the interventricular septum that involved the chordae of the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve. As the potential for malignancy was low, tricuspid valve replacement and minimum tumor resection were performed to obtain a ...
Sakaguchi Heima - - 2010
An intraatrial reentrant circuit was identified using an electroanatomical mapping system and evaluation of postpacing intervals in a patient with tricuspid annulus. Intraatrial reentrant tachycardia was successfully eliminated on the basis of the interpretation that the reentry circuit depends on a congenitally closed tricuspid annulus. We report that a congenitally ...
Fazio Giovanni - - 2011
Non-compaction of ventricular myocardium is a rare congenital cardiomyopathy characterized by the presence of an extremely thickened endocardial layer with prominent trabeculations and deep recesses in communication with ventricular chamber and determining the typical spongeous aspect. The diagnosis of non-compaction of ventricular myocardium is possible through the identification of morphological ...
Yang Ya-Li - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the ultrasonic characteristics of the criss-cross heart, and explore the value of echocardiography in the diagnosis of this rare congenital cardiac defect. METHODS: We reviewed the echocardiographic findings in 4 patients having criss-crossed atrioventricular connections at our hospital, and compared the findings with observations at surgery in ...
Koshiba-Takeuchi Kazuko - - 2009
The emergence of terrestrial life witnessed the need for more sophisticated circulatory systems. This has evolved in birds, mammals and crocodilians into complete septation of the heart into left and right sides, allowing separate pulmonary and systemic circulatory systems, a key requirement for the evolution of endothermy. However, the evolution ...
Basu Maitreyi - - 2009
Primary cardiac tumours are mostly benign and rare in paediatric practice. Here, a male baby was presented with history of birth asphyxia. On examination he was found to have a systolic murmur and was initially thought to be either a case of ventricular septal defect or tricuspid regurgitation due to ...
Tworetzky Wayne - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Prenatal intervention for fetuses with pulmonary atresia with an intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS) has the potential to alter right heart physiologic features in utero, facilitating right heart growth and improving the prospect of a biventricular outcome after birth. METHODS: Since 2002, we have considered prenatal intervention for fetal PA/IVS ...
Balani Kantesh - - 2009
Pigmentation of murine cardiac tricuspid valve leaflet is associated with melanocyte concentration, which affects its stiffness. Owing to its biological and viscoelastic nature, estimation of the in situ stiffness measurement becomes a challenging task. Therefore, quasi-static and nanodynamic mechanical analysis of the leaflets of the mouse tricuspid valve is performed ...
Turner Christopher G B - - 2009
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is an attractive target for fetal therapy. With the development of successful neonatal repair for many types of CHD over the last 20 years, fetal therapy has become the next frontier. Concurrent advances in interventional catheterization and fetal imaging provided a foundation for the novel field ...
Saltik Levent - - 2009
Left ventricular (LV) noncompaction is a congenital dysfunction of endomyocardial morphogenesis characterized by excessively prominent trabeculations and deep intratrabecular recesses of the myocardium. Its association with Ebstein's anomaly is very rare. A 13-year-old boy presented to the outpatient clinic for a cardiac evaluation before enrolling in a sports activity. On ...
Rogers Jason H - - 2009
Cardiovascular specialists have entered an era of renewed interest and enthusiasm surrounding the diagnosis and treatment of valvular heart disease, driven in part by emerging percutaneous therapies for the treatment of aortic, pulmonic, and mitral valve disease. Despite this wave of investigation, little or no attention has been given to ...
Nishimura Kazuhisa - - 2010
A 19-year-old male was admitted to the emergency room of our hospital after a motor vehicle accident. During his first physical examination, a holosystolic murmur was heard at the fourth left parasternal border. Transthoracic echocardiography showed severe tricuspid insufficiency, but the cause of tricuspid insufficiency was unclear. Therefore, three-dimensional echocardiography ...
Patrignani Anna - - 2009
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) is a rare and complex congenital anomaly characterized by atrial-ventricular (AV) discordance and ventricular-arterial discordance. Ventricular noncompaction (VNC) is a rare unclassified cardiomyopathy due to the arrest in intrauterine endomyocardial morphogenesis and it is characterized by numerous prominent trabeculations and intratrabecular recesses. ...
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