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Results 701 - 750 of 905
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Nakazawa M - - 1987
We analyzed the flow velocity pattern in the main pulmonary artery after Fontan operation in patients with tricuspid atresia (n = 10) or with single ventricle (n = 10) by means of a catheter-mounted velocity probe. The area underneath the velocity signal of the forward flow was integrated, and ratios ...
Scarratt W K - - 1987
A 5-month-old Holstein heifer had clinical signs of tricuspid valve insufficiency and histopathologic evidence of endocardial fibroelastosis. The calf had a 3-week history of weight loss, abdominal distention, dyspnea, and decreased appetite. Physical examination revealed signs of right-sided heart failure, and a systolic murmur (II/VI) was heard best over the ...
Yokose T - - 1987
In the present paper, numerous micro-communications between myocardial sinusoids and small branches of coronary arteries are studied which existed in a rudimentary right ventricle of a female neonate with pulmonary atresia and an intact ventricular septum, who was born on the 40th week of gestation. Cardioangiography revealed a large fistulous ...
Nawa S - - 1987
A 23 year old man was operated on because severe incompetence of the aortic, mitral, and tricuspid valve caused congestive heart failure five months after a violent steering wheel injury. The following abnormalities were found at operation: a disrupted right coronary cusp, a torn chorda of the anterior mitral leaflet, ...
Vatterott P J - - 1987
We describe 3 patients who presented with severe cardiac disability as a result of tricuspid insufficiency, in the setting of severe coronary disease. Pertinent physical findings were signs of right heart failure, a tricuspid regurgitant murmur, and absence of left heart failure. Echocardiography and subsequent cardiac catheterization demonstrated significant tricuspid ...
Benson L N - - 1987
We postulated that the abnormal shape, size, and function of the right heart and adjoining ventricular septum in adults with Ebstein's anomaly of the tricuspid valve might in turn alter the shape and function of the left ventricle. Seven adult patients with uncomplicated Ebstein's anomaly were studied. Left ventricular geometry ...
Chidambaram M - - 1987
DeVega tricuspid annuloplasty was performed in 74 patients undergoing mitral or mitral and aortic valve replacement between January, 1972, and December, 1985. Sixty-two hospital survivors have been followed up for a mean of 85.3 +/- 6.6 months. Actuarial survival at 14 years was 71.5 +/- 8.2%. None of the late ...
Aiello V D - - 1987
The case of a five-day-old boy with two "half-hearts," diagnosed at necropsy but not clinically, is presented. Each "half-heart" was totally separated from the other and each had a single atrium and ventricle. The two "half-hearts" were enveloped in a common pericardium. The left-sided atrium and the right-sided atrium had ...
Schaff H V - - 1987
The spectrum of congenital heart anomalies presenting in adults varies somewhat from that in children. Prolonged exposure to hypoxemia coupled with volume overload or pressure overload can produce myocardial fibrosis and ventricular dysfunction, which complicates surgical correction. Despite these difficulties, surgical correction is possible for most congenital heart lesions in ...
Vicini D S - - 1986
A cardiac fibrosarcoma involving the right ventricular free wall, the interatrial septum, and proximal portion of the interventricular septum, with a 2-cm diameter protrusion into the right atrial lumen, was found at necropsy of a 2-year-old Miniature Schnauzer. Severe distortion of the tricuspid valve and narrowing of the aortic and ...
Tao M S - - 1986
Displacement of the origin of the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle, redundancy of its leaflets and tricuspid incompetence are all present to varying degrees in Ebstein's disease. Cardiac arrhythmias are a common feature. Presentation in infancy with severe displacement of the valve, right-sided heart failure, cyanosis and gross cardiomegaly ...
Nihoyannopoulos P - - 1986
Two-dimensional echocardiography was performed in 16 patients with Ebstein's anomaly to assess right ventricular anatomy and function in relation to clinical features and prognosis. Measurements of right ventricular anatomy and function were established in 10 normal subjects for comparison. Ten patients were in New York Heart Association functional class I, ...
White C W - - 1986
Arrhythmias in patients with heart failure may result from altered electrophysiological properties of the myocardium. To examine changes in ventricular excitability during cardiac failure and to relate these changes to ventricular structural and neurochemical abnormalities, right ventricular failure was produced in dogs by pulmonary artery banding and by creating tricuspid ...
Copel J A - - 1986
Fetal echocardiograms were performed in 266 gravidae over a one-year period for a variety of previously identified indications. The largest group consisted of 112 patients referred because of other family members with congenital heart disease (CHD). Of these, only one fetus had CHD. The groups with the highest incidence of ...
Katz N M - - 1986
A 10-year-old girl sustained traumatic rupture of the tricuspid valve in an automobile accident. Three years later, progressive fatigue and cardiac enlargement developed. The valve was repaired by pericardial chordal replacements and ring annuloplasty. Nine months postoperatively the patient is in good clinical condition and echocardiography has indicated near-normal function ...
Perlroth M G - - 1986
Closed-chest trauma in a young man was followed by rupture of a right ventricular papillary muscle and bifascicular block. This produced signs and symptoms of tricuspid regurgitation and recurrent syncope. Treatment by valve replacement and pacemaker implantation was successful. Review of 30 cases of traumatic tricuspid regurgitation reveals that this ...
Thies W R - - 1986
Hearts with one underdeveloped and one dominant ventricle form a spectrum of anomalies extending from the heart with two clearly adequate chambers to those with a true single ventricle. An angiographic concept of grouping such hearts is presented. 129 patients with unequal ventricles underwent catheterization and cineangiography between 1974 and ...
Menasché P - - 1986
The first part of this paper deals with the general anatomy of the postero-septal area of the heart, with particular emphasis on the relationships between the mitral and tricuspid anuli and the right fibrous trigone, between the conducting system and the interatrial septum, and between the right atrium and the ...
Smith A - - 1986
After the Mustard or Senning procedure for surgical correction of complete transposition of the great arteries, the right ventricle and tricuspid valve have to support the systemic circulation for life. Consequently their function is of prime importance. In this (second) part, the detailed anatomy of the right ventricles and tricuspid ...
Huyghens L - - 1986
Tricuspid valve insufficiency following acute myocardial infarction is uncommon. It may be explained by right ventricular papillary muscle dysfunction. We report the case of a patient with acute tricuspid valve incompetence during the acute phase of a left ventricular inferior infarction with right ventricular myocardial involvement. The treatment during the ...
Wolf W J - - 1986
Two-dimensional echocardiography has been successfully used to diagnose cor triatriatum in adults and children, and surgical referral of these patients has been undertaken without preceding cardiac catheterization and angiography. A child with cor triatriatum demonstrated by two-dimensional echocardiography was directly referred for surgical resection. Despite thorough preoperative echocardiographic examination and ...
Nakano H - - 1986
Between June 1984 and April 1985, five patients (4.2%) had tricuspid regurgitation detected on pulsed Doppler echocardiography among 119 patients with Kawasaki disease. The grade of tricuspid regurgitation was moderate in three and mild in two patients; conventional cardiac examinations revealed no evidence of this complication. All patients had associated ...
Christie J L - - 1986
Tricuspid valve injury is a rare complication of transvenous pacemaker placement. We report such an injury in an elderly patient with cardiac amyloidosis. Because serious complications may result from such an injury, tricuspid valve perforation should be considered, along with the more common causes of new murmurs, in patients with ...
Jenni R - - 1986
The persistence of myocardial sinusoids in both ventricles as an isolated anomaly is described. A 21-year-old patient had progressive heart failure considered as cardiomyopathy of obscure etiology. Two-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated channel-like structures in the thickened myocardium of both hypokinetic ventricles. Angiography showed a honeycomblike inner contour in both ventricles. Autopsy ...
Soto B - - 1985
An analysis of 6 patients with overriding atrioventricular valve was performed in order to correlate the anatomic and angiographic features of this malformation. The atrial arrangement was usual (situs solitus) in each patient. The ventricular chambers were normally related in 4 and the mirror image of normal in 2. The ...
De Vore G R - - 1985
Eighty-two normal fetuses were scanned from 18 to 41 weeks of gestation. The following M-mode measurements were correlated with the femur length: end-diastolic right ventricular (r = 0.93), left ventricular (r = 0.92), biventricular outer (r = 0.94), and biventricular inner (r = 0.94) dimensions; tricuspid (r = 0.93) and ...
James T N - - 1985
During careful studies of the human cardiac conduction system the anatomy of the crista supraventricularis is an inescapable concomitant demonstration. For the purpose of this report the observations from about 1,000 human hearts were combined with special additional studies of 75 human hearts (50 adults, 25 infants), 30 dogs and ...
Cameron J - - 1985
A 45-year-old patient with cardiac involvement from the idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome suffered from severe congestive cardiac failure with progressive deterioration despite intensive medical therapy. Investigations indicated bilateral ventricular infiltration with endomyocardial fibrosis which had caused severe haemodynamic restriction and bilateral atrioventricular valvular incompetence. Extensive surgery, which included bilateral ventricular endomyomectomy ...
Lange P E - - 1985
Routine quantitative assessment of diagnostic angiocardiograms of children with congenital heart disease is only practiced by a few groups. General availability of high quality computer technology and software as well as the increasing surgical treatment of complex congenital heart diseases warrants a critical review of the potential of quantitative angiocardiography ...
Weisbrod G L - - 1985
We wish to report a patient with the rare anomaly of congenital left superior vena cava and absent right superior vena cava. This became apparent on chest radiographs by the development of a left mediastinal "mass" over a one-year period. The role of contrast-enhanced computed tomographic scanning in the detection ...
Piérard L A - - 1985
Persistent atrial standstill occurred in a father and his youngest son with familial Ebstein's anomaly. In both cases routine electrocardiograms showed no atrial electrical activity and cross sectional echocardiograms showed inferior displacement of the septal tricuspid leaflet and tethering of the tricuspid leaflets to the right ventricle. The father had ...
Rosenquist G C - - 1985
Morphometric measurements of 22 hearts with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) were compared with measurements of 8 matched control specimens without heart disease. Each of the TAPVC specimens had a shorter left atrium, smaller left atrial surface area and larger diameter of the fossa ovalis. In addition to increased ...
Wilson R B - - 1985
Double outlet right ventricle, a rare congenital heart anomaly of either animals or man, was diagnosed in a three day old Brangus heifer. The clinical course was brief, consisting of terminal recumbency, dyspnea and cyanosis. Upon necropsy, the heart was enlarged as a result of marked dilatation of the right ...
Folger G M GM - - 1984
Twelve patients with double-chambered right ventricles were investigated to determine the significance of the electrocardiogram and vectorcardiogram in the evaluation of this condition. Two subgroups of individuals having various forms of obstruction to right ventricular outflow with and without intracardiac shunting were utilized as controls. The electrocardiogram of patients with ...
Gould L - - 1984
A radionuclide angiogram in a patient with Ebstein's anomaly showed a very dilated right atrium with a minimally enlarged right ventricle and a normal sized left ventricle. This study led to the establishment of a definitive diagnosis by means of an echocardiogram. Late close of the tricuspid valve was demonstrated. ...
Gerlis L M - - 1984
Fourteen previously reported cases of atresia of the coronary sinus ostium, in which the coronary venous flow entered the right atrium by a persistent left superior vena cava, the innominate vein, and the right superior vena cava, are reviewed and two new cases reported. The first new case was in ...
Gibson T C - - 1984
Incomplete closure of the tricuspid valve without apparent cusp disease was noted on two-dimensional echocardiography in 31 patients. This abnormality was defined as a failure of the tricuspid valve leaflet tips to reach the plane of the tricuspid valve anulus by at least 1 cm in the standard apical four ...
Marino B - - 1984
Two-dimensional echocardiography in the right oblique subxiphoid view (ROSV) was used to visualize all right ventricular components in 351 patients younger than 2 years of age (100 normal and 251 with various types of congenital heart disease). The ROSV, which is anterior and parallel to the ventricular septum, displays all ...
Ottenkamp J - - 1984
An anatomical study of 34 specimens presenting with tricuspid atresia, in which particular emphasis was devoted to the atrioventricular junctional area, revealed 5 cases with an imperforate valve. In 1 heart the valve was completely committed to the right ventricle. In the other 4, however, the membrane was related not ...
Girod D A - - 1984
We analyzed, using a sequential segmental approach, 32 cases of double-inlet ventricle to assess the feasibility of surgical "correction" by either ventricular septation or a modified Fontan procedure. Twenty-two hearts had two atrioventricular valves, connected to a left ventricle in 19, a right ventricle in two, and a solitary indeterminate ...
Loperfido F - - 1984
The case of a 31-year-old woman with severe right heart failure in the course of bacterial endocarditis and systolic and diastolic murmur at the third left intercostal space is described. Two-dimensional echocardiography showed a vegetation moving from the noncoronary aortic sinus of Valsalva to the right atrium, encroaching upon the ...
Waldman J D - - 1984
A surgical approach is reported for a patient with pulmonary atresia, intact ventricular septum, and right ventricle to coronary artery communications through sinusoids. A shunt procedure was performed at two days of age; the right ventricular outflow tract was not opened. At subsequent catheterization, the tricuspid valve was temporarily closed ...
Bjørnstad P G - - 1984
The echocardiographic features of flail tricuspid leaflet of unknown aetiology is reported. The diagnosis was made in a previously healthy 11 year old boy presenting with recurrent attacks of supraventricular tachycardia. M-mode echocardiography showed rapid early systolic movement of the tricuspid valve away from the transducer and holosystolic, coarse fluttering ...
Young S G - - 1984
A patient developed acute, severe hemodynamic deterioration five days after an aortic valve replacement. Cardiac catheterization revealed a markedly elevated right atrial pressure but a normal right ventricular end-diastolic pressure. Angiography revealed an extrinsic mass causing compression of the right atrium and the tricuspid anulus. A large clot overlying the ...
Gutgesell H P - - 1984
To study the accuracy of 2-dimensional echocardiography (2-D echo) in estimating mitral and tricuspid anular diameter, 2-D echo estimates were compared with autopsy measurements of anular diameter in 21 children studied by echo within 30 days of death. The mitral anulus was measured from the left parasternal long axis view ...
Guyer D E - - 1984
Two-dimensional echocardiography has proved to be reliable in the diagnosis of mitral, aortic and pulmonary stenosis. Its role in the diagnosis of rheumatic tricuspid stenosis is still being defined; therefore, the tricuspid valve echograms of 147 patients with rheumatic heart disease were examined. Thirty-eight of these patients also underwent hemodynamic ...
Scalia D - - 1984
Seventy-six hearts were studied having no direct communication between the right atrium and the ventricular mass. The different cardiac chamber combinations producing so-called "tricuspid atresia" were considered. The nature of the atrioventricular valve atresia, the morphology of the ventricular mass, the size and position of the interventricular communication, the ventriculoarterial ...
Forman M B - - 1984
Tricuspid valve disease accounts for significant morbidity and mortality in the carcinoid syndrome, but M-mode echocardiography is often insensitive in completely defining the tricuspid valve. We performed two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) in seven patients with proven carcinoid syndrome. There were five males and two females whose ages ranged from 53 to ...
Shiina A - - 1984
This report details the two-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of 41 patients with Ebstein's anomaly. The anatomic spectrum of Ebstein's anomaly is correlated with surgical and autopsy observations in 66% of these patients. Morphologic abnormalities of the tricuspid valve and right heart structures were uniquely assessed by noninvasive two-dimensional echocardiographic examination. Features ...
Ochrymowych C - - 1984
The heart from a 4-m-long minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) was studied to determine the details of its anatomy and to consider cardiac adaptations to diving. The volume fraction (Vvc) of capillaries in the wall of the left ventricle was determined at different levels from base to apex and at different ...
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