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Cabrera A - - 1994
A 3-year-old symptomatic girl was diagnosed, using contrast echocardiography, as having an anomalous connection of inferior vena cava to the left atrium. Contrast material was injected in a peripheral foot vein, the diagnosis was confirmed by color Doppler flow echocardiography and cardiac catheterization. The defect was corrected and the patient ...
Groutz A - - 1994
Pseudo-sinusoidal fetal heart rate (pseudo-SHR) pattern, characterised by intermittent episodes of sinusoidal heart rate and normal fetal heart rate (FHR), is considered benign although its pathophysiologic mechanism remains obscure. We present a case of pseudo-SHR episodes throughout all stages of labor associated with multiple major cardiac anomalies. We suggest that ...
Sagie A - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the pattern of incomplete tricuspid valve closure and the presence of tricuspid regurgitation and to identify factors that determine the severity of regurgitation associated with this pattern. BACKGROUND: The incomplete tricuspid valve closure pattern (defined as apical displacement ...
Respondek M L - - 1994
The importance of extracardiac anomalies in 100 consecutive fetuses with congenital heart disease was evaluated. The most common cardiac diagnoses were hypoplastic left heart syndrome in 35% and atrioventricular canal defect in 15%. Extracardiac anomalies were present in 42%, abnormal karyotype in 19% and intrauterine growth retardation in 20%. There ...
Akiba T - - 1994
Eight hearts with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum were studied grossly and microscopically. The right ventricle was composed of inlet, infundibular, and trabecular portions in two hearts, without trabecular portions in three hearts, and consisted of an inlet part only in another three hearts. Pulmonary atresia was classified as ...
Weber H S - - 1994
We report the case of a fetus diagnosed at 24 weeks' gestation with complete heart block associated with maternal collagen vascular disease and Sjögren's antibody. Serial fetal echocardiograms noted increased echogenicity along the tricuspid and mitral valves without insufficiency. Postnatally, severe tricuspid insufficiency occurred following placement of an endocardial pacing ...
Wenink A C - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Before septation the entire atrioventricular canal is connected with the ventricular inlet segment (primitive left ventricle) whereas the mature heart exhibits an exclusive connection of the right atrium to the right ventricle. The process which is responsible for this change is controversial. METHODS: Graphic reconstructions of serially sectioned embryonic ...
Karatasakis G - - 1994
Severe tricuspid regurgitation developed in a 51-year-old woman with rheumatic heart disease and a previous replacement of the mitral valve 8 years after a De Vega anuloplasty. At transthoracic echocardiography, rupture of the anuloplasty material was suspected, which was definitely confirmed at transesophageal echocardiography. She underwent operation solely by echocardiographic ...
Kocheril A G - - 1994
Ebstein's anomaly of the tricuspid valve has a known association with the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Radiofrequency ablation has become the treatment of choice for the latter, but there have been no reports of the feasibility of this procedure after tricuspid valve replacement. We present a patient who first exhibited evidence of ...
Matsuoka Y - - 1994
Isolated ventricular inversion with concomitant atresia of the left-sided (tricuspid) atrioventricular valve has previously been reported in the English literature in only two patients, and they died during early infancy. We describe the clinical, two-dimensional echocardiographic and angiocardiographic features in a 10-year-old boy with these rare cardiac anomalies in association ...
van Loon J - - 1994
Konstantinov et al, in October, 1991, published a novel way to bridge a patient for heart transplantation. They proposed to cut off both ventricles high under the atrioventricular groove, leaving the atria, aorta, and pulmonary artery and their valves intact and to attach pneumatically driven, valveless pulsating pouches to assist ...
Oren H - - 1994
Truncus arteriosus communis is a well-known, congenital, cardiac abnormality. In this report, we describe a very rare variant in which the truncus arose from the right ventricle, the atrial and ventricular septa were intact, the left ventricle was hypoplastic and the small right atrium was draining to the truncus arteriosus ...
Bolinger B S - - 1994
Acute tricuspid insufficiency is an uncommon cause of cardiogenic shock. Previous reported cases have involved patients with right ventricular infarction. We report a case of acute tricuspid insufficiency causing cardiogenic shock in a patient without evidence of right ventricular infarction. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was used to diagnose a ruptured chordae ...
Votapka T V - - 1994
Atrioventricular valvular regurgitation is a known complication after cardiac transplantation. In this communication, we describe a case of progressively severe tricuspid insufficiency that ultimately necessitated tricuspid valve replacement. The patient has done well clinically since valve replacement, and a postoperative cardiac catheterization demonstrated normal right heart hemodynamics. A discussion of ...
Cherian K M - - 1994
Partially or totally unroofed coronary sinus is usually associated with other anomalies of the heart. In the period of 5 years between January 1987 to October 1992, 13 patients with this syndrome were encountered. All of them had a left superior vena cava draining into left atrium. Of these, 12 ...
Bull C - - 1994
The outcome in 135 patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum was reviewed in terms of actuarial survival and "suitability" for eventual definitive repair (defined as having a tricuspid valve diameter larger than 2.4 standard deviations below the mean normal beyond the neonatal period). Of patients who underwent an ...
Han H S - - 1994
An echocardiographic study was performed on seven patients with twisted atrioventricular connections (criss-cross heart) relative to the usual atrial arrangement. The atrioventricular connections were concordant in five patients and discordant in two. The ventriculoarterial junction was either double-outlet right ventricle (n = 6) or discordant connections (n = 1). Associated ...
Victor S - - 1994
A study of 100 normal human autopsy hearts confirms numerous variations in the configuration of the cusp tissue and chordal/papillary support of the tricuspid valve, making the interior of the right ventricle as unique to each individual as one's finger print. The tricuspid veil of tissue is split by clefts ...
Carrel T - - 1994
The number of pediatric heart transplantations for complex congenital heart disease has increased over the last years, but little experience has been reported in adolescent and adult populations. Between 1987 and 1992, 14 patients (mean age 33.2 years, range 14 to 51 years) were transplanted in our institution because of ...
Jortner R T - - 1994
Coronary artery fistulas are rare congenital anomalies that usually drain into one of the cardiac chambers or veins. The current patient was found to have a distinctly unusual anatomic picture, with a fifth cardiac chamber appearing at the cardiac apex. This proved to be the drainage site for a large ...
Wiklund L - - 1994
The incidence of chordal tissue in endomyocardial biopsies from heart transplant recipients and the possibility of an association between this incidence and tricuspid regurgitation or tricuspid valvular abnormalities were prospectively investigated. The biopsies were performed to detect rejection. Postoperative echocardiography and Doppler were done according to routine schedule and always ...
Bol-Raap G - - 1994
In a consecutive series of 149 patients with congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD), temporary tricuspid valve detachment was applied in 39 (detached group) to facilitate the transatrial approach for closure of the defect. Baseline characteristics showed that, preoperatively, the detached group were younger (1.3 +/- 2.3 vs. 3.5 +/- 4.1 ...
De Wolf D - - 1994
Isolated right ventricular hypoplasia is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly. A case described in which prenatal diagnosis was made by echocardiography. Conservative perinatal management produced a favourable short-term outcome without compromising the definitive surgical intervention later. The decisions were based on principles used in the treatment of pulmonary atresia with ...
Giglia T M - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Neonates with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS) are frequently born with hypoplastic right heart structures that must grow after right ventricular decompression (RVD) procedures for a complete two-ventricle physiology to be achieved. Previous authors have asserted that neonatal right heart size or morphology will predict right heart ...
Mainwaring R D - - 1993
Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum has continued to have a high surgical mortality. This may relate to the nonuniformity of the anomaly. We have developed a management algorithm based on the right ventricular size and coronary anatomy. Patients with a well-developed ventricle and normal coronary arteries have undergone right ...
Patteson M W - - 1993
Auscultation was used to examine 545 horses for cardiac murmurs and some arrhythmias. The most significant finding was the high prevalence of right-sided holosystolic or pansystolic plateau-type murmurs compatible with a diagnosis of tricuspid regurgitation in National Hunt racing Thoroughbreds of all ages (16.4%). This condition was found in 4.7% ...
Vargas-Barron J - - 1993
Eighty-seven adult patients with congenital cardiopathy were studied by using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) over a period of 30 months. Transthoracic echocardiography was practiced on all patients, after which TEE with monoplanar and biplanar probes (74 and 15 patients, respectively) was used to confirm principal diagnoses and determine specific information. TEE ...
Wranne B - - 1993
Abnormal interventricular septal motion is a frequent finding after cardiac surgery. However, the time course and underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Nineteen patients, mean age 54 years (range 20 to 82 years), were studied with intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography at five specific times: with the chest closed (baseline), with the ...
Leung M P - - 1993
To examine the impact on survival and clinical course of incorporating the morphologic classification of the right ventricle into the evolving management strategy for babies with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum, the surgical results and follow-up status of the first 62 consecutive patients managed in this hospital between 1979 ...
Shmuely H - - 1993
A case report is presented of an 83-year-old male patient with respiratory distress, body temperature of 38.5 degrees C, bilateral white infiltrates on chest X-ray and ECG showing acute myocardial infarction. Clinical evaluation led to the suspicion of severe infection accompanying lung congestion due to the infarction, mostly because his ...
Kantor G - - 1993
A 28-yr-old man sustained blunt chest trauma in a motor vehicle accident. Severe intraoperative hypoxaemia occurred, unresponsive to oxygen and positive expiratory pressure therapy. Trans-oesophageal echocardiography revealed myocardial contusion and tricuspid valve rupture. Dobutamine improved left ventricular function and ejection fraction resulting in an immediate improvement in arterial oxygenation and ...
Heimansohn D A - - 1993
Considerable improvements have been made in the diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart disease during the last decade. Many congenital heart lesions are now treated successfully during the neonatal period that previously were associated with high mortality. Improved echocardiographic imaging, catheterization techniques, and earlier surgical repair are factors that have ...
May D A - - 1993
Sonography is the primary method used to image the fetal chest. Many significant congenital anomalies such as pleural effusion, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, cystic adenomatoid malformation, pulmonary sequestration, and congenital heart disease can be detected during early prenatal sonography. Fetal sonography also permits accurate assessment of the severity of these processes, ...
De Simone R - - 1993
Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) can play a major role in active guidance of cardiac surgery. This study describes a new application of TEE for assisting tricuspid suture annuloplasty. Twenty-five patients (aged 52 +/- 11 years) who underwent mitral valve replacement and tricuspid valve annuloplasty were studied intraoperatively by TEE. After ...
Liang C D - - 1993
Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is characterized by severe and life-threatening hypoxemia during a newborn period. Without treatment, most of the patients die during early infancy. We reported a 20-day-old male newborn who was referred to our hospital due to severe cyanosis and respiratory distress. Echocardiograms revealed D-TGA with ...
Spray T L - - 1993
The presence of a left superior vena cava in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome complicates the technical performance of orthotopic cardiac transplantation. In this report we describe a modification of the recipient cardiectomy to maintain patency of the left superior vena cava, leaving the recipient coronary sinus as a ...
Pomar J L - - 1993
Tricuspid valve replacement using a cryopreserved mitral valve homograft was carried out with success in three HIV positive drug addicts suffering from fungal or bacterial endocarditis. All three patients are alive and symptomless up to 16 months after surgery. This procedure is considered to be an alternative to other methods ...
Shrivastava S - - 1993
Concurrent percutaneous balloon valvotomy of aortic and tricuspid valve was successfully performed in a 20-year-old male with severe rheumatic aortic and tricuspid stenosis. Balloon valvotomy was done using a 18-mm single balloon for aortic and 20 + 20-mm double balloon for the tricuspid valve. Immediately after valvotomy the peak transaortic ...
Di Bello V - - 1993
Cardiac Doppler Echocardiography is a suitable method for to evaluating right heart hemodynamics. However, the surgical correction of tricuspid valve annuloplasty changes valve geometry and might possibly lead to a technical obstacle to this estimation. The accuracy of Doppler echocardiography in the assessment of tricuspid regurgitation and systolic pulmonary pressure ...
Geva T - - 1993
Relationships between the atria and the ventricles are commonly described in terms of either atrioventricular (AV) alignments (or connections) or AV situs (i.e., the type of atrial situs and the type of ventricular situs or ventricular loop). With either method of analysis, only one type of AV relationship (situs or ...
Wei J - - 1993
Moderate to severe functional tricuspid regurgitation was found in 26% of cardiac surgical patients with mitral or aortic valvular disease at Tri-Service General Hospital in Taiwan. Almost all patients were able to receive de Vega's annuloplasties. After a mean follow-up period of 20 months, none of the 63 patients had ...
Teno L A - - 1993
Congenital coronary fistula is a rare heart defect, which consists of a communication between a coronary artery and a cardiac chamber of coronary vessel. Most such fistulae drain into a right heart chamber or into the pulmonary artery. Congenital left coronary artery-left ventricle fistula is even more uncommon. In a ...
Hwang J J - - 1993
A 46-year-old man was admitted because of progressive exertional dyspnea and pulsating neck vein for 3 years. He had a history of car accident with his chest struck by the steering wheel 10 years previously. Physical checkup and laboratory studies revealed severe tricuspid regurgitation. The chest radiography disclosed mild cardiomegaly ...
Gerlis L M - - 1993
The original description of Ebstein's anomaly mentioned a mild deformity of the mitral valve. Reviews of large series of cases with Ebstein's malformation have, however, tended to omit reference to accompanying mitral valve malformations. We have compared the mitral valves in 19 specimens with Ebstein's malformation with those in 30 ...
Oberhoffer R - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To assess the degree of agreement between the fetal echocardiographic and postmortem examination of hearts from fetuses with severe malformations of the tricuspid valve. DESIGN: A retrospective study to analyse echocardiographic recordings and make comparisons with postmortem findings. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre for fetal echocardiography. Institute for cardiac morphology. ...
Missault L - - 1992
A patient with superior caval vein compression due to malignant thymoma with infrequent intracavitary cardiac growth is presented. Diagnostic accuracy of cardiac involvement was higher using transesophageal echocardiography compared to transthoracic echocardiography. The majority of the rare intracavitary cardiac thymomas seem to be confined to the right side of the ...
Corzo J E - - 1992
Two cases of pneumothorax secondary to pulmonary septic infarctions occurred in the course of tricuspid endocarditis in intravenous drug misusers. This unusual complication must be considered in patients with right sided endocarditis who develop pleuritic chest pain, haemoptysis, or breathlessness.
Steinberger J - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Although overall outcome has improved, pulmonary atresia with intact septum remains a difficult surgical and clinical problem. To determine whether an early right ventricular outflow patch will result in biventricular repair for this lesion, we reviewed the long-term follow-up (5.8 +/- 0.8 years) of 19 newborns who underwent repair ...
Higashidate M - - 1992
A septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve is thought to work differently from other anterior and posterior leaflets. We studied its role in valve closure in dogs by means of a dynamic area meter. During the control state, the tricuspid valve orifice area increased twice in diastole coincidentally with either ...
Becher M W - - 1992
A unique right coronary artery anomaly of hemodynamic significance was discovered in a young adult who suddenly died. In addition, abnormally migrated, or supernumerary, thymic tissue with embedded parathyroid glands was present. This combination of congenital malformations suggests that the pathogenesis of this rare cardiac anomaly may be explained by ...
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