Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 912
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Bichell D P - - 1999
Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS) is a spectrum of diseases with varying severity of right ventricle hypoplasia and potential for biventricular, univentricular, or hybrid repairs. Pessimistic outcome measures for PA/IVS may give way to optimism with the refinement of early diagnosis and early intervention to encourage right ventricle ...
Vergani D - - 1998
A case is described of a 54 year old woman who had acute pericarditis with large exudative effusion accompanied by severe right and left ventricular failure. The patient was finally diagnosed with carcinoid heart disease from an ovarian carcinoid teratoma. She was treated with octreotide--a somatostatin analogue--followed by radical surgical ...
Rychik J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE:Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum is an anatomically heterogeneous anomaly with a variety of surgical strategies possible. We sought to compare the outcome of patients with a single ventricle approach to those with a biventricular repair and to compare outcome of patients with coronary abnormalities to those with normal ...
Hung J - - 1998
Two-dimensional and color Doppler echocardiograms obtained in 117 patients during cardiac transplantation evaluation were reviewed. Right ventricular hypokinesia and dilation were more prevalent in patients with tricuspid regurgitation. In multivariate event-free survival analysis of 61 patients with complete clinical, echocardiographic, and cardiopulmonary exercise data, the absence of tricuspid regurgitation and ...
Marianeschi S M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Moderate to severe Ebstein's malformation remains a surgical challenge. Although the various approaches that have been used are appropriate and successful in many patients, there are many for which these approaches are suboptimal. To improve the prognosis for patients across the full spectrum of Ebstein's malformation, alternative surgical approaches ...
Sancaktar O - - 1998
Although combined mitral and tricuspid stenosis are rarely seen in patients with rheumatic heart disease, when both exist together, combined percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty can be an alternative to surgical treatment in suitable cases. We present the immediate and late follow up results of 12 patients with rheumatic tricuspid and mitral ...
Momenah T S - - 1998
Intramyocardial hematoma is an uncommon lesion, most often occurring after chest trauma, aortic valve disease, acute myocardial infarction, or coronary artery bypass surgery. We describe a 17-year-old patient who experienced cardiac tamponade after repair of Ebstein malformation. The malformation was caused by an enlarging intramyocardial hematoma that extended from the ...
Saphier C J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: We sought to test the hypothesis that apoptosis is a method of remodeling in second-trimester fetal heart development. We also hypothesized that hearts from fetuses with Down syndrome would have different levels of apoptosis than would control hearts, associated with their abnormal heart development. STUDY DESIGN: We obtained hearts ...
Morelli S - - 1998
Cardiac sequelae of stab chest wounds may be various and dramatic, and the right ventricle is the most commonly injured chamber. Correct diagnosis of cardiac damage may be done up to many years after the trauma. We describe a rare case of isolated, unexpected flail tricuspid valve detected by transthoracic ...
Anderson R H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The concept of "one and a half ventricular repair" relates to situations where one ventricle is capable of pumping one half of the circulation while the other ventricle is deemed inadequate and requires off-loading by means of a shunt. The inadequate ventricle is usually assigned the role of pumping ...
Anderson R H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The concept of "one and a half" ventricular repair is to use "half" a ventricle to support the pulmonary circulation. The component makeup of any ventricle needs clarification for us to understand the nature of the so-called half ventricle. METHODS: The components of normal and abnormal ventricles are reviewed. ...
Hsieh Y Y - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Ebstein anomaly is a rare tricuspid valve anomaly. Some fetuses with Ebstein's anomaly have concurrent severe cardiac function impairment, which results in hydrops fetalis. Most of these fetuses are inevitably terminally ill. No reports have demonstrated the potential prenatal therapy for fetuses under such conditions. CASE: Ebstein's anomaly and ...
Silverman N H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of hypoplastic ventricles with echocardiography requires an appreciation of the ultrasound methods used to assess ventricles of normal size. In this review, we present an overview of the most common techniques used to measure ventricular size, which may be analyzed as long- or short-axis dimension, area, volume, or ...
Silverman N H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: A variety of factors can influence the suitability of a congenitally malformed heart for biventricular repair, including size, morphology, function, and dimensions and function of the inflow and outflow, among others. Although certain features have been identified that may indicate a lower probability of successful biventricular repair, our ability ...
Anderson R H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The surgical option of biventricular repair requires two ventricles, each fully capable of supporting the systemic or pulmonary circulation. The morphologic substrates that may preclude some hearts from biventricular repair need to be assessed. METHODS: Heart specimens were reviewed to assess the morphologic mechanisms that produce an unbalanced ventricular ...
Reddy V M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Partial biventricular repair consists of bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis in the presence of separated systemic and pulmonary circulations, with antegrade flow of inferior caval return through an intact or reconstructed pulmonary outflow tract. This versatile procedure may be used as a definitive repair for patients with a functional right heart ...
Carey J A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Modified Fontan procedures are now employed in several conditions unsuitable for bi-ventricular repair. Selection criteria have been relaxed. The procedure is palliative. Longterm outlook is unknown. This study evaluated factors associated with the development of a failing Fontan circulation and transplantation results. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients referred to ...
Rahmatullah S I - - 1998
The origination of all three major coronary arteries from three separate ostia in the right sinus of Valsalva is an exceedingly rare coronary anomaly. Few radiographic and clinical details of this anomaly are available in the literature. We describe this anomaly in a patient with acute myocardial infarction who remained ...
Ohtani, Hiroshi
To clarify the abnormal development of the cardiac conduction system in congenital heart anomalies, HNK-1 distribution of bis-diamine induced malformed hearts was studied in rat embryos. All the embryos showed not only conotruncal anomalies, such as persistent truncus arteriosus (PTA) and pulmonary hypoplasia with overriding aorta (comparable to tetralogy of ...
Pavlova M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The echocardiographic criteria that have been used to evaluate severity of Ebstein's anomaly in utero are the same as those applied after birth. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to establish prognostic criteria that take into account the peculiarities of the fetal hemodynamics. METHOD: The video recordings of ...
Vargas F J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Seven patients with the diagnosis of Ebstein's malformation of the tricuspid valve were operated on. Mean age was 12 years (range, 7 to 16 years). All were cyanotic, with severe tricuspid regurgitation. Thromboembolism was not present. No associated cardiac malformations were present. METHODS: Surgical repair included tricuspid annuloplasty associated ...
Fukuda N - - 1998
To evaluate the effect of tricuspid annuloplasty (TAP) on right heart flow dynamics, we analyzed tricuspid inflow velocity pattern, jugular venous pulse and color Doppler flow signal of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) before and after surgery in 16 patients who underwent TAP (TAP group). Cardiac rhythm was atrial fibrillation in all ...
Ovaert C - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: Since 1990, transcatheter pulmonary valvotomy has become an alternative to surgical valvotomy in the management of neonates and infants with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum. We sought to determine whether right ventricular growth after transcatheter pulmonary valvotomy is commensurate with body growth. METHODS: Laser or radiofrequency-assisted balloon valvotomy ...
Bisognano J D - - 1998
Congenital duplication of the tricuspid valve is a rare condition. We present a case of a 32-year-old man with an increase in intensity of a long-standing heart murmur and intermittent palpitations. The murmur was evaluated by transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography that identified a mass in the right ventricle and right ...
Ya J - - 1998
Cardiac malformation in connexin43 (CX43)-disrupted mice is restricted to the junction between right ventricle and outflow tract, even though CX43 is also expressed abundantly elsewhere. We analyzed cardiac morphogenesis in immunohistochemically and hybridohistochemically stained and three-dimensionally reconstructed serial sections of CX43-deficient embryos between embryonic day (ED) 10 and birth. The ...
Kaneko Y - - 1998
Tricuspid pouch sometimes causes subpulmonary obstruction in association with transposition of the great arteries, but rarely does so without transposition. A 5-year-old girl with isolated ventricular septal defect exhibited dynamic right ventricular outflow tract obstruction caused by pouches in the anterior and septal tricuspid leaflets. Echocardiography clearly demonstrated features of ...
Goldstein A M - - 1998
Normal left-right asymmetry is highly conserved among vertebrates. Errors in the proper patterning of this axis are believed to lead to congenital anomalies of the heart and abdominal viscera, often with profound clinical consequences. We review briefly the nature of potential signals and signaling sources that lead to the break ...
Baslaim G M GM Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Cardiology, The Montreal General Hospital/McGill University, Quebec, - - 1998
The impact of continuous retrograde cardioplegia (RCP) on right ventricular (RV) function was evaluated prospectively with intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in 36 patients (23 males, 13 females) with a mean age of 60.4 years (ages 24-82). Operative procedures included 12 aortic valve replacements, 16 mitral valve repair/replacements, both with or ...
Gibson M A - - 1997
The advent of transvenous right heart catheterization has relegated direct transthoracic right ventricular puncture largely to the role of "interesting historical footnote." However, in the case of a right ventricle that is "protected" by a mechanical tricuspid valve prosthesis, direct right ventricular puncture represents a reasonable alternative for obtaining accurate ...
Sugita T - - 1997
A 70-year-old woman who had fatiguability due to right heart failure seven years after receiving blunt chest trauma in a road traffic accident presented to our hospital. Preoperative echocardiography revealed severe tricuspid regurgitation resulting from prolapse of the anterior leaflet. The valve was repaired by chordal replacement with expanded polytetrafluoroethylene ...
Sons H - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: Tricuspid valve endocarditis traditionally has been treated with either valve resection or valve replacement. To avoid implantation of foreign material in an infected area and to circumvent anticoagulation, tricuspid valve repair was applied and the results assessed. METHODS: Tricuspid valve repair was performed in ...
Almeida M - - 1997
A very unusual case of traumatic tricuspid regurgitation is reported, with severe symptoms of right ventricular failure, extreme dilatation of the right heart, echocardiographic and angiographic criteria of major tricuspid regurgitation, and severe right ventricular systolic dysfunction. The patient was referred for heart transplantation, on the assumption that conventional surgery ...
Ramsheyi A - - 1997
We report a case of partial replacement of the tricuspid valve by a mitral homograft in a young drug addict with right heart endocarditis. Operation was indicated because of sudden severe tricuspid regurgitation and persistence of vegetations despite appropriate antibiotic therapy. Partial tricuspid valve replacement was performed with a segment ...
Zamorano José - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Severe mitral regurgitation induces reversal of flow in the pulmonary veins. We hypothesized that severe tricuspid regurgitation may disrupt normal coronary sinus flow. The purpose of this study was to analyze the Doppler flow pattern of the coronary sinus and to determine its value in the assessment of the ...
Todros T - - 1997
The aim of the present study was to assess the accuracy of the four-chamber view as a screening test for detection of congenital heart disease (CHD) prenatally in a low-risk population. A prospective observational study was conducted in 17 ultrasound units of the Piemonte Region, Italy, in pregnancies with no ...
Ando M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular (Bjork) connection used for the correction of tricuspid atresia has become of little more than historical interest. However, the optimal form of management of patients undergoing this repair still requires continued assessment of the long-term outcome. We review our experience with valveless atrioventricular connection focusing on the morphological ...
Gentles T L - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to review a large, evolving, single-center experience with the Fontan operation and to determine risk factors influencing early and late outcome. METHODS: The first 500 patients undergoing modifications of the Fontan operation at our institution were identified. Perioperative variables were recorded and a ...
Anderson R H - - 1997
In the normal heart, the atrioventricular junctions surround the orifices of the mitral and tricuspid valves. The septal area of the junctions is much smaller than generally thought, being made up of the fibrous membranous septum and the muscular atrioventricular septum. The left atrioventricular junction gives the potential for muscular ...
Karl T R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is a complex cardiac lesion, usually associated with ventricular septal defect, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and tricuspid valve abnormalities. A subset of patients without left ventricular outflow tract obstruction have undergone Senning plus arterial switch operation in an attempt to place ...
Crane J M - - 1997
In a 14-month period, 409 women with singleton gestations referred for perinatal ultrasound consultation underwent evaluation of the fetal cardiac axis. Cardiac and intrathoracic anomalies were confirmed either by neonatal echocardiography or autopsy. Overall, 32 fetuses had an abnormal axis (nine, smaller axis than normal; 23, larger axis than normal). ...
Yung M C - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Ebstein's anomaly represents a congenital structural deformity of the tricuspid valve associated with a wide spectrum of morphologic and physiologic abnormalities. Valvuloplasty and tricuspid valve replacement are the main surgical treatments. Plication of the atrialized right ventricle and valvuloplasty of the tricuspid valve can achieve satisfactory clinical results. Two ...
Banning A P - - 1997
A previously fit 19-year-old male driver was involved in an unrestrained, head-on collision. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed rupture of the chordae subtending both leaflets of the tricuspid valve with severe tricuspid regurgitation and disruption of the interatrial septum. When cardiac injury is suspected after blunt chest trauma, transesophageal echocardiography facilitates appropriate ...
Cope J T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: In the repair of total anomalous venous connection, vertical vein ligation is recommended to eliminate left-to-right shunting. However, the small left heart chambers may not always tolerate the immediate increase in blood flow after combined repair and vein ligation. METHODS: A retrospective review of 23 infants and children undergoing ...
Reddy V M - - 1997
Intraatrial rerouting techniques have been the most common approaches to correcting left superior vena caval drainage to the left atrium in patients without atrial isomerism and with no connecting vein. Although these techniques have proved reliable and successful, there are cases in which extracardiac methods for managing this form of ...
Gembruch U - - 1997
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and clinical significance of fetal tricuspid valve regurgitation. In a cross-sectional study, 289 normally grown singleton fetuses with normal heart anatomy, normal estimated weight for gestational age, normal amniotic fluid volume and normal flow velocity waveforms in the umbilical and ...
Al-Halees Z - - 1997
Surgically uncorrectable tricuspid valve disease in children is rare. However, when it happens the surgical options are very limited. Tricuspid valve replacement using a mechanical valve or stented bioprosthesis is impractical. Use of homografts in the "anatomic position" has its limitations. We report here the use of an extracardiac homograft ...
Yoo S J - - 1997
The three-vessel view is a transverse view of the fetal upper mediastinum is as simple to obtain as the four-chamber view. It demonstrates the main pulmonary artery, ascending aorta and superior vena cava in cross- or oblique sections. The purposes of this study were to describe the normal anatomy of ...
Fujito T - - 1997
A 52-year-old man with neither congenital heart disease nor history of drug abuse had a spiking fever after dental treatment and was diagnosed with pneumonia at a local clinic. He was treated with antibiotics and his fever went down. Ten months later, he had again pyrexia and suffered from congestive ...
Geggel R L - - 1997
There have been multiple modifications for surgical palliation of functional single ventricle since the initial report by Fontan and Baudet in 1971. A modified Fontan procedure has been offered to patients with a variety of complex cyanotic heart disease at younger ages, and has resulted in decreased mortality. Reducing morbidity ...
Chen M C - - 1996
Unroofed coronary sinus, a rare congenital anomaly first described by Raghib and colleagues1 in 1965, is a result of an embryologic error involving imperfect or complete failure of development of the left atriovenous fold, which is manifested as a focal (fenestration or partial unroofing of the coronary sinus) or complete ...
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