Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 899
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Silverman N H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: A variety of factors can influence the suitability of a congenitally malformed heart for biventricular repair, including size, morphology, function, and dimensions and function of the inflow and outflow, among others. Although certain features have been identified that may indicate a lower probability of successful biventricular repair, our ability ...
Anderson R H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The surgical option of biventricular repair requires two ventricles, each fully capable of supporting the systemic or pulmonary circulation. The morphologic substrates that may preclude some hearts from biventricular repair need to be assessed. METHODS: Heart specimens were reviewed to assess the morphologic mechanisms that produce an unbalanced ventricular ...
Reddy V M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Partial biventricular repair consists of bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis in the presence of separated systemic and pulmonary circulations, with antegrade flow of inferior caval return through an intact or reconstructed pulmonary outflow tract. This versatile procedure may be used as a definitive repair for patients with a functional right heart ...
Carey J A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Modified Fontan procedures are now employed in several conditions unsuitable for bi-ventricular repair. Selection criteria have been relaxed. The procedure is palliative. Longterm outlook is unknown. This study evaluated factors associated with the development of a failing Fontan circulation and transplantation results. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients referred to ...
Rahmatullah S I - - 1998
The origination of all three major coronary arteries from three separate ostia in the right sinus of Valsalva is an exceedingly rare coronary anomaly. Few radiographic and clinical details of this anomaly are available in the literature. We describe this anomaly in a patient with acute myocardial infarction who remained ...
Ohtani, Hiroshi
To clarify the abnormal development of the cardiac conduction system in congenital heart anomalies, HNK-1 distribution of bis-diamine induced malformed hearts was studied in rat embryos. All the embryos showed not only conotruncal anomalies, such as persistent truncus arteriosus (PTA) and pulmonary hypoplasia with overriding aorta (comparable to tetralogy of ...
Pavlova M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The echocardiographic criteria that have been used to evaluate severity of Ebstein's anomaly in utero are the same as those applied after birth. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to establish prognostic criteria that take into account the peculiarities of the fetal hemodynamics. METHOD: The video recordings of ...
Vargas F J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Seven patients with the diagnosis of Ebstein's malformation of the tricuspid valve were operated on. Mean age was 12 years (range, 7 to 16 years). All were cyanotic, with severe tricuspid regurgitation. Thromboembolism was not present. No associated cardiac malformations were present. METHODS: Surgical repair included tricuspid annuloplasty associated ...
Fukuda N - - 1998
To evaluate the effect of tricuspid annuloplasty (TAP) on right heart flow dynamics, we analyzed tricuspid inflow velocity pattern, jugular venous pulse and color Doppler flow signal of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) before and after surgery in 16 patients who underwent TAP (TAP group). Cardiac rhythm was atrial fibrillation in all ...
Ovaert C - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: Since 1990, transcatheter pulmonary valvotomy has become an alternative to surgical valvotomy in the management of neonates and infants with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum. We sought to determine whether right ventricular growth after transcatheter pulmonary valvotomy is commensurate with body growth. METHODS: Laser or radiofrequency-assisted balloon valvotomy ...
Bisognano J D - - 1998
Congenital duplication of the tricuspid valve is a rare condition. We present a case of a 32-year-old man with an increase in intensity of a long-standing heart murmur and intermittent palpitations. The murmur was evaluated by transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography that identified a mass in the right ventricle and right ...
Ya J - - 1998
Cardiac malformation in connexin43 (CX43)-disrupted mice is restricted to the junction between right ventricle and outflow tract, even though CX43 is also expressed abundantly elsewhere. We analyzed cardiac morphogenesis in immunohistochemically and hybridohistochemically stained and three-dimensionally reconstructed serial sections of CX43-deficient embryos between embryonic day (ED) 10 and birth. The ...
Kaneko Y - - 1998
Tricuspid pouch sometimes causes subpulmonary obstruction in association with transposition of the great arteries, but rarely does so without transposition. A 5-year-old girl with isolated ventricular septal defect exhibited dynamic right ventricular outflow tract obstruction caused by pouches in the anterior and septal tricuspid leaflets. Echocardiography clearly demonstrated features of ...
Goldstein A M - - 1998
Normal left-right asymmetry is highly conserved among vertebrates. Errors in the proper patterning of this axis are believed to lead to congenital anomalies of the heart and abdominal viscera, often with profound clinical consequences. We review briefly the nature of potential signals and signaling sources that lead to the break ...
Baslaim G M - - 1998
The impact of continuous retrograde cardioplegia (RCP) on right ventricular (RV) function was evaluated prospectively with intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in 36 patients (23 males, 13 females) with a mean age of 60.4 years (ages 24-82). Operative procedures included 12 aortic valve replacements, 16 mitral valve repair/replacements, both with or ...
Gibson M A - - 1997
The advent of transvenous right heart catheterization has relegated direct transthoracic right ventricular puncture largely to the role of "interesting historical footnote." However, in the case of a right ventricle that is "protected" by a mechanical tricuspid valve prosthesis, direct right ventricular puncture represents a reasonable alternative for obtaining accurate ...
Sugita T - - 1997
A 70-year-old woman who had fatiguability due to right heart failure seven years after receiving blunt chest trauma in a road traffic accident presented to our hospital. Preoperative echocardiography revealed severe tricuspid regurgitation resulting from prolapse of the anterior leaflet. The valve was repaired by chordal replacement with expanded polytetrafluoroethylene ...
Sons H - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: Tricuspid valve endocarditis traditionally has been treated with either valve resection or valve replacement. To avoid implantation of foreign material in an infected area and to circumvent anticoagulation, tricuspid valve repair was applied and the results assessed. METHODS: Tricuspid valve repair was performed in ...
Almeida M - - 1997
A very unusual case of traumatic tricuspid regurgitation is reported, with severe symptoms of right ventricular failure, extreme dilatation of the right heart, echocardiographic and angiographic criteria of major tricuspid regurgitation, and severe right ventricular systolic dysfunction. The patient was referred for heart transplantation, on the assumption that conventional surgery ...
Ramsheyi A - - 1997
We report a case of partial replacement of the tricuspid valve by a mitral homograft in a young drug addict with right heart endocarditis. Operation was indicated because of sudden severe tricuspid regurgitation and persistence of vegetations despite appropriate antibiotic therapy. Partial tricuspid valve replacement was performed with a segment ...
Zamorano José - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Severe mitral regurgitation induces reversal of flow in the pulmonary veins. We hypothesized that severe tricuspid regurgitation may disrupt normal coronary sinus flow. The purpose of this study was to analyze the Doppler flow pattern of the coronary sinus and to determine its value in the assessment of the ...
Todros T - - 1997
The aim of the present study was to assess the accuracy of the four-chamber view as a screening test for detection of congenital heart disease (CHD) prenatally in a low-risk population. A prospective observational study was conducted in 17 ultrasound units of the Piemonte Region, Italy, in pregnancies with no ...
Ando M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular (Bjork) connection used for the correction of tricuspid atresia has become of little more than historical interest. However, the optimal form of management of patients undergoing this repair still requires continued assessment of the long-term outcome. We review our experience with valveless atrioventricular connection focusing on the morphological ...
Gentles T L - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to review a large, evolving, single-center experience with the Fontan operation and to determine risk factors influencing early and late outcome. METHODS: The first 500 patients undergoing modifications of the Fontan operation at our institution were identified. Perioperative variables were recorded and a ...
Anderson R H - - 1997
In the normal heart, the atrioventricular junctions surround the orifices of the mitral and tricuspid valves. The septal area of the junctions is much smaller than generally thought, being made up of the fibrous membranous septum and the muscular atrioventricular septum. The left atrioventricular junction gives the potential for muscular ...
Karl T R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is a complex cardiac lesion, usually associated with ventricular septal defect, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and tricuspid valve abnormalities. A subset of patients without left ventricular outflow tract obstruction have undergone Senning plus arterial switch operation in an attempt to place ...
Crane J M - - 1997
In a 14-month period, 409 women with singleton gestations referred for perinatal ultrasound consultation underwent evaluation of the fetal cardiac axis. Cardiac and intrathoracic anomalies were confirmed either by neonatal echocardiography or autopsy. Overall, 32 fetuses had an abnormal axis (nine, smaller axis than normal; 23, larger axis than normal). ...
Yung M C - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Ebstein's anomaly represents a congenital structural deformity of the tricuspid valve associated with a wide spectrum of morphologic and physiologic abnormalities. Valvuloplasty and tricuspid valve replacement are the main surgical treatments. Plication of the atrialized right ventricle and valvuloplasty of the tricuspid valve can achieve satisfactory clinical results. Two ...
Banning A P - - 1997
A previously fit 19-year-old male driver was involved in an unrestrained, head-on collision. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed rupture of the chordae subtending both leaflets of the tricuspid valve with severe tricuspid regurgitation and disruption of the interatrial septum. When cardiac injury is suspected after blunt chest trauma, transesophageal echocardiography facilitates appropriate ...
Cope J T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: In the repair of total anomalous venous connection, vertical vein ligation is recommended to eliminate left-to-right shunting. However, the small left heart chambers may not always tolerate the immediate increase in blood flow after combined repair and vein ligation. METHODS: A retrospective review of 23 infants and children undergoing ...
Reddy V M - - 1997
Intraatrial rerouting techniques have been the most common approaches to correcting left superior vena caval drainage to the left atrium in patients without atrial isomerism and with no connecting vein. Although these techniques have proved reliable and successful, there are cases in which extracardiac methods for managing this form of ...
Gembruch U - - 1997
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and clinical significance of fetal tricuspid valve regurgitation. In a cross-sectional study, 289 normally grown singleton fetuses with normal heart anatomy, normal estimated weight for gestational age, normal amniotic fluid volume and normal flow velocity waveforms in the umbilical and ...
Al-Halees Z - - 1997
Surgically uncorrectable tricuspid valve disease in children is rare. However, when it happens the surgical options are very limited. Tricuspid valve replacement using a mechanical valve or stented bioprosthesis is impractical. Use of homografts in the "anatomic position" has its limitations. We report here the use of an extracardiac homograft ...
Yoo S J - - 1997
The three-vessel view is a transverse view of the fetal upper mediastinum is as simple to obtain as the four-chamber view. It demonstrates the main pulmonary artery, ascending aorta and superior vena cava in cross- or oblique sections. The purposes of this study were to describe the normal anatomy of ...
Fujito T - - 1997
A 52-year-old man with neither congenital heart disease nor history of drug abuse had a spiking fever after dental treatment and was diagnosed with pneumonia at a local clinic. He was treated with antibiotics and his fever went down. Ten months later, he had again pyrexia and suffered from congestive ...
Geggel R L - - 1997
There have been multiple modifications for surgical palliation of functional single ventricle since the initial report by Fontan and Baudet in 1971. A modified Fontan procedure has been offered to patients with a variety of complex cyanotic heart disease at younger ages, and has resulted in decreased mortality. Reducing morbidity ...
Chen M C - - 1996
Unroofed coronary sinus, a rare congenital anomaly first described by Raghib and colleagues1 in 1965, is a result of an embryologic error involving imperfect or complete failure of development of the left atriovenous fold, which is manifested as a focal (fenestration or partial unroofing of the coronary sinus) or complete ...
Brown J W - - 1996
Long-segment tracheal stenosis in infants and children is difficult to manage and can be life-threatening. Patients frequently have associated cardiac, other respiratory, or gastrointestinal anomalies that may confuse the diagnosis at initial presentation. The rarity of congenital tracheal stenosis has not allowed sufficient experience for the development of standard treatment ...
Spyridopoulos I - - 1996
The case of an non-addict young caucasian with isolated tricuspid valve endocarditis in congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD) is presented. Despite antibiotic treatment the patient suffered from recurrent right sided pneumonias. A computed tomography of the chest revealed an abscess localized in the right lower lung with signs of cavitation. ...
Schmidt M C - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Coronary anomalies in the absence of other major cardiac malformations are rare, with an incidence of less than 1-1.5%. Although most have been incidental findings without clinical relevance, a subgroup of anomalies has been identified that are associated with cardiac symptoms or even sudden cardiac death. This subgroup includes ...
Ho S Y - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The collagen matrix is a small component of the myocardium, but it provides a supportive framework. An increase in collagen in the pressure-overloaded ventricle is known to cause myocardial stiffness. However, little is known about the collagen matrix in the volume-overloaded ventricle, particularly in relation to congenital heart disease. ...
Anderson R H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: There is still no agreement on how best to describe the arrangement of complex congenitally malformed hearts. Some favor a system using short coded segmental combinations. Others favor a more descriptive approach. METHODS AND RESULTS: I have reviewed my own experience in examining congenitally malformed hearts. This shows that ...
Sinclair B G - - 1996
The four-chamber view of the fetal heart has been advocated as an effective antenatal screen for severe forms of congenital heart disease (CHD). To evaluate the sensitivity of this test at a primary care level, a retrospective review was undertaken for the period 1988 to 1992 of ultrasonograms of fetuses ...
Sanchez-Quintana D - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Little attention has been paid to the architecture of the muscle fibres of the ventricular walls in congenitally malformed hearts. In this study the gross pattern of myocardial fibres in normal hearts was compared with that in cases of tetralogy of Fallot. METHODS AND RESULTS: After morphological examination nine ...
Klodas E - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the value of analyzing Doppler echocardiographically derived tricuspid regurgitation signals during respiration in relation to the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis. BACKGROUND: A physiologic hallmark of constrictive pericarditis is enhanced ventricular interdependence, which produces reciprocal changes in right and left ventricular filling and ejection dynamics ...
Carrel T - - 1996
Coronary artery fistula is a very rare congenital malformation with an abnormal coronary-cameral communication that may involve any chamber and any or all coronary artery branches. We present our experience with 11 consecutive patients (mean age 16.6 years, ranging from 4 to 64 years); 9 of them were treated surgically, ...
Gilljam T - - 1996
All 32 survivors with transposition of the great arteries, born in 1964-83 and operated on at our institution using atrial redirection, were evaluated by cardiac catheterization, echocardiography and Holter monitoring. There were 17 Mustard patients, age 17.1 years (+/-3.5, 12.0-22.0) and 15 Senning patients, age 9.4 years (+/-1.6, 7.2-12.1). All ...
Defraigne J O - - 1996
A case of successful tricuspid valve replacement with a mechanical prosthesis and pulmonary valvulotomy for carcinoid heart disease is reported. The patient was a 61 years old women. The primary tumor was in the terminal ileum. Liver metastasis and carcinoid syndrome were present since 8 years. After cardiac surgery, the ...
Bapat V N - - 1996
A male child presented with suspicion of tricuspid stenosis. Echocardiography revealed the presence of a mass arising from the free wall of the right ventricle and causing right-ventricular inflow obstruction but not involving the tricuspid valve. The tumour was excised via right ventriculotomy using cardiopulmonary bypass, resulting in survival and ...
Sutter A - - 1996
Myocardial dysplasia involves a quasi-complete or localized absence of myocardial fibers in the right or left ventricle, with corresponding partial or complete filling by fibroadipose tissue. This disorder, in its full form called "Uhl's anomaly", was first described in 1952 as an anomaly of the heart conferring a parchment-like appearance ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >