Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 948
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Ho Hee Hwa - - 2008
We described a patient who presented with symptoms of heart failure and was found to have diastolic heart failure. Several investigations pointed to the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis which was later confirmed by cardiac catheterisation. The etiology turns out to be primary cardiac lymphoma which is extremely rare in immunocompetent ...
Laing James G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Reduced expression of the major gap junction protein connexin 43 (Cx43) in the failing human heart may lead to arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Cx43 interacts with the actin binding protein, zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), and it has recently been demonstrated that ZO-1 regulates the formation and function of Cx43 ...
Roberts Felicia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the evidence regarding the safety of metformin in heart failure. DATA SOURCES: Searches in MEDLINE and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts were performed (1966-February 2007). Search terms included metformin, heart failure, lactic acidosis, clinical trials, and insulin resistance. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Published studies and case reports that ...
Brack Thomas - - 2007
Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) during the day and at night is common in patients with severe heart failure. CSR harms the failing heart through recurrent sympathetic overstimulation caused by sleep disturbances and intermittent hypoxia brought about by apnoea and hypopnoea. CSR impairs patients' quality of life and wakefulness, and probably also ...
Birmingham C L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report the presentation and causes of heart failure complicating anorexia nervosa (AN). METHOD: Report of a case of heart failure occurring in a patient with AN and a review of the literature. RESULTS: A 56 year old woman with a 25 year history of AN binge-purge subtype experienced ...
Welch William C - - 2007
Anterior cervical plate (ACP) failure is rarely addressed in the literature. In this retrospective, observational, longitudinal, cohort study, the objectives were to (1) identify incidences of in vivo biomechanical failure in commercially available, US Food and Drug Administration-approved ACP systems, (2) describe modes of failure, (3) suggest structural explanations for ...
Gott Merryn - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To explore dying trajectories in heart failure. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal study. SETTING: Sixteen GP surgeries in four demographically contrasting areas of the UK. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 27 heart failure patients, >60 years of age, who completed questionnaires for at least five time-points before death. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Kansas ...
Balakumar Pitchai - - 2007
Heart failure, a complex disorder with heterogeneous aetiologies remains one of the most threatening diseases known. It is a clinical syndrome attributable to a multitude of factors that begins with the compensatory response known as hypertrophy, followed by a decompensated state that finally results in heart failure. Given the lack ...
van der Merwe Juliana - - 2007
We present a case of a patient with longstanding transfusion-dependent congenital dyserythropoietic anaemia (CDA) who developed cardiomyopathy despite iron chelation therapy. She presented with severe heart failure that responded poorly to conventional therapy, recovering only when therapy was augmented with metabolic agents including antioxidants and with increased iron chelation. The ...
Merkle Sabine - - 2007
Apoptosis of cardiomyocytes is increased in heart failure and has been implicated in disease progression. The activation of "proapoptotic" caspases represents a key step in cardiomyocyte apoptosis. In contrast, the role of "proinflammatory" caspases (caspases 1, 4, 5, 11, 12) is unclear. Here, we study the cardiac function of caspase-1. ...
Rastan A J - - 2007
We report on a male newborn requiring repair of a huge left apical diverticulum leading to progressive heart failure and extensive ventricular arrhythmia. At the age of 11 days, a modified Dor procedure using an autologous endoventricular pericardial patch was performed. Postoperatively, a significant reduction of ventricular extrasystole was evident. ...
Blum Nava - - 2007
Generally, the sauna bathing has been contraindicated for patients with chronic heart failure. However, it has been well tolerated and improved hemodynamics has been shown in patients with chronic heart failure after a single exposure and after a four-week period of sauna bathing (five days per week). Left ventricular ejection ...
Glauber Mattia M CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology 'G. Pasquinucci' Hospital, Via Aurelia Sud, 54100 Massa, - - 2007
Presentation of the revascularization of ischemized myocardium: beating heart technique using pump-assisted extracorporeal circulation. Main technique of revascularization is presented with highlights of modern mini extracorporeal circulation and beating heart surgery devices. Clinical physiological aspects of the method are described and bibliographical data provided.
Ismail Hassan M - - 2007
Hyperthyroidism may present with signs and symptoms related to dysfunction of a variety of organs. Cardiovascular pathology in hyperthyroidism is common. A few case reports describe isolated right heart failure, tricuspid regurgitation, and pulmonary hypertension as the prominent cardiovascular manifestations of hyperthyroidism. Although most textbooks do not mention hyperthyroidism as ...
St─ânescu Cristina - - 2007
Thyroid hormones have many effects on the heart and vascular system. Although cardiac output is reduced in hypothyroidism, heart failure is relatively rare because there is a lower demand for peripheral oxygen delivery. Hypothyroidism may also result in accelerated atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. We report the case of a ...
Leier Carl V - - 2007
The major components and merits of the physical examination of patients with heart failure are presented. A staging of the physical examination practiced by most heart failure specialists is proposed based on the information needed at the time of the encounter. The challenges to our subspecialty regarding this diagnostic tool ...
Iversen Per Ole - - 2007
Recent epidemiological research indicates that a coexistent anemia among patients with heart failure might worsen their prognosis. However, whether the reduced synthesis of red blood cells is a contributing factor to the development and progression to overt heart failure, or whether it simply is a mere consequence of a dysfunctional ...
Nakagawa Daisuke - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In patients with aortic stenosis (AS), the clinical outcome worsens after the development of angina, syncope, and heart failure. This study was performed to elucidate whether the outcome with AS was also poor in patients with diastolic heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-two patients who had undergone aortic valve ...
Dursunoglu Nese - - 2007
A 55-year-old man with acute myocardial infarction and no heart failure, had episodes of severe oxygen desaturation and apnea, while his hemodynamic parameters were stable. Sleep recordings revealed severe sleep apnea, and pulmonary function tests showed bronchial obstruction. Apnea and desaturation resolved on bi-level positive airway pressure. Patients with acute ...
Krumholz Harlan M - - 2007
To complement the current process measures for treating patients with heart attacks and with heart failure, which target gaps in quality but do not capture patient outcomes, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has proposed the public reporting of hospital-level thirty-day mortality for these conditions in 2007. We ...
Schmitz Thomas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chorangiomas are villous capillary tumors of the placenta with high impact on neonatal morbidity and mortality. Cardiac complications have occasionally been reported. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of cardiac failure caused by chorangiomas. METHOD:We report a case of a newborn, in whom massive chorangiomas were associated ...
Ly Linh G - - 2007
In premature infants, the clinical effects and management of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (HSDA) are well-described. In full-term neonates the ductus arteriosus (DA) is rarely monitored except in cases of concomitant pulmonary hypertension or duct dependent congenital heart disease. Although systemic-pulmonary shunting commonly occurs in mature infants, coinciding ...
Bers Donald M - - 2006
Ca is critical in both the electrical and mechanical properties of cardiac myocytes, and much is known about ionic currents and the normal excitation-contraction coupling process. In heart failure, there are significant alterations in how myocyte Ca is regulated, and these alterations are critical in dictating both contractile dysfunction and ...
McManus D - - 2006
Congestive heart failure is a common cardiovascular disorder among adults and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Diastolic heart failure (DHF) is implicated in 1/3 to 1/2 of all heart failure cases and results from an abnormality of ventricular relaxation, compliance or filling. DHF differs from heart ...
Constantinides Vasilis A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Risk factors for unsuccessful fast-tracking of cardiac surgery patients have not been collectively defined in the literature. The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for fast-track failure and incorporate them into a predictive fast-track failure score. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Cardiothoracic Department of St Mary's ...
Rao Archana - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The impaired quality of life in patients with systolic heart failure is well described. Less is known about patients with preserved systolic function (PSF) heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: We aimed to compare the quality of life in patients with PSF heart failure with that of those with left ...
Estep Jerry D - - 2006
Diabetes mellitus, a disease which is increasing in prevalence, is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease. In patients following acute myocardial infarction, the presence of diabetes is a powerful risk factor for the development of heart failure, and this intersection of heart failure and diabetes following myocardial infarction ...
Atluri Pavan - - 2007
Apelin interacts with the APJ receptor to enhance inotropy. In heart failure, apelin-APJ coupling may provide a means of enhancing myocardial function. The alterations in apelin and APJ receptor concentrations with ischemic cardiomyopathy are poorly understood. We investigated the compensatory changes in endogenous apelin and APJ levels in the setting ...
Brutsaert Dirk L - - 2006
Diastolic Heart Failure: perception of the syndrome and scope of the problem. As a result of the recent publications of the CHARM-Preserved trial, the upcoming I-PRESERVE and other still ongoing clinical trials in patients with Heart Failure and Normal (or Preserved) Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction, numerous questions have arisen as ...
Self Timothy H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Numerous factors, such as other drugs, diet, and age, are well documented as altering response to warfarin. Less attention has been focused on the effect of disease states on the response to oral anticoagulants. Decompensated heart failure is reported to increase response to warfarin, but documentation is limited. OBJECTIVE: ...
Boronat López Araceli - - 2006
Correct identification of the causes of dental anesthetic failure is essential in order to adopt the required measures for successful anesthesia. A review is made of the factors implicated in locoregional anesthesia failure, such as a bifid inferior alveolar nerve, retromolar foramen associated to accessory innervation, double or accessory mental ...
McLean Anthony S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of heart failure is poorly understood. Australia has one of the highest rates of cardiovascular disease in the world with heart failure representing a large proportion of this group, yet there is minimal data on the incidence or prevalence. AIMS: To determine the epidemiological impact of heart ...
Sagap Ismail - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pelvic sepsis is known to cause a detrimental outcome after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). The aim of this study was to examine potential factors associated with failure in managing pelvic sepsis after IPAA. METHODS: We performed univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis on 2518 IPAA patients between 1983 and ...
Nojiri Hidetoshi - - 2006
Elderly people insidiously manifest the symptoms of heart failure, such as dyspnea and/or physical disabilities in an age-dependent manner. Although previous studies suggested that oxidative stress plays a pathological role in the development of heart failure, no direct evidence has been documented so far. In order to investigate the pathological ...
Fu Y-C - - 2006
The mechanism of heart failure in patients with enterovirus 71 rhombencephalitis (brain stem encephalitis) remains unknown. Our previous reports hypothesized that a catecholamine storm induced by rhombencephalitis may account for the heart failure. The aim of this study was to develop a novel feline model of norepinephrine cardiotoxicity and compare ...
Lopaschuk Gary D - - 2006
Despite the recent introduction of new therapeutic approaches to treat heart failure, mortality from heart failure remains high, and patients still frequently experience progression of contractile dysfunction and ongoing left ventricular enlargement. Therefore, new treatments are needed for heart failure that work independently of mechanisms already targeted. Emerging evidence suggests ...
Rich Michael W - - 2006
Heart failure affects approximately 5 million Americans, half of whom are at least 75 years of age, and is the leading cause of hospital admission among older adults. Additionally, the prevalence of heart failure is increasing, largely owing to the aging of the population. Heart failure in older adults differs ...
Shammas Rony L - - 2007
Diastolic heart failure is a common form of congestive heart failure that is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. In contrast to heart failure caused by systolic left ventricular dysfunction, diastolic heart failure is harder to diagnose and less likely to be accepted as a diagnosis. In addition, treatment strategies ...
Jiang Ya-Ping - - 2006
For many patients with cardiac insufficiency, the disease progresses inexorably to organ dilatation, pump failure, and death. Although there are examples of reversible heart failure in man, our understanding of how the myocardium repairs itself is limited. A well defined animal model of reversible heart failure would allow us to ...
Saba Magdi M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The cardiac glosses of the Ebers papyrus comprise the concepts and notions of the Egyptian physicians about the heart and its diseases. We sought to analyze some of the cardiac glosses of the Ebers papyrus, focusing on those which may describe early concepts of the syndrome of heart failure. ...
Andreou Ioannis - - 2006
Endothelial dysfunction is thought to play a major role in the development and clinical complications of heart failure. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been shown to provide an endogenous repair mechanism to counteract detrimental risk factor-induced effects and replace dysfunctional endothelium. The number and in vitro function of EPCs is ...
Lee Douglas S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The association between heart failure in parents and the prevalence of left ventricular systolic dysfunction and the risk of heart failure in their offspring has not been investigated in a community-based setting. METHODS: We examined the cross-sectional association of heart failure in parents with the prevalence of left ventricular ...
Liao Yu-Hua - - 2006
Myocardial infarction is associated with an immune response. Physiological inflammation response causes self-repair and protection, while pathological autoimmune response leads to ventricular remodeling and heart failure. Laying emphasis on regulating the immune function may become a new target for the prevention of heart failure after myocardial infarction. This review focuses ...
Brown K A - - 2006
Multiple organ failure is a major threat to the survival of patients with sepsis and systemic inflammation. In the UK and in the USA, mortality rates are currently comparable with and projected to exceed those from myocardial infarction. The immune system combats microbial infections but, in severe sepsis, its untoward ...
Raman Jaishankar - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Complex ventricular reconstruction (CVR) is now being employed increasingly thanks to the pioneering work of Dor. However, little is known about the failure mode of CVR. We present experience from three centres with CVR and an analysis of the failure modes. METHODS: Between January 1997 and February 2005, 284 ...
Cullen Martin E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Combination therapy consisting of mechanical unloading using a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and pharmacological intervention can promote recovery from end-stage heart failure, but the mechanism is unknown. Preliminary microarray analysis revealed a significant and unexpected decrease in myocardial arginine:glycine amidinotransferase (AGAT) gene expression during recovery in these patients. ...
Maradit-Kremers H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory markers are associated with heart failure. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis have twice the risk of heart failure compared with people without rheumatoid arthritis. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether heart failure in patients with rheumatoid arthritis is preceded by an inflammatory activation as shown by erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), a ...
Peacock W Frank - - 2006
Acoustic cardiography is an exciting, new, easy-to-use, modernized technology that incorporates already proven techniques of phonocardiography. Application of acoustic cardiography to clinical practice can improve diagnosis and management of heart failure patients. Its clinical use should help address some of the need for robust, inexpensive, and widely accessible technology for ...
Molnár Andrea - - 2006
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute and chronic myocardial dysfunction and heart failure. The goal of the present study was to investigate PARP activation in human heart failure, and to correlate PARP activation with various indices of apoptosis and oxidative and nitrosative stress in ...
Chiu A - - 2006
Molecular Adsorbent Recirculation System (MARS) is a form of extracorporeal detoxification system used as an artificial liver support system. Numerous studies have been published on the topic, with the majority of them describing the capability of MARS in removing albumin-bound toxins and improving systemic hemodynamics. Whether such improvement could be ...
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