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Sugi Yusuke - - 2011
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent antigen-presenting cells and play a central role in initiating the primary immune response. Although increasing evidence supports immune-mediated inflammation plays an important role in the pathophysiology of heart failure, little is known regarding the source and mechanism that trigger immune responses. The present ...
Shah Ashish - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients with heart failure and underlying ischemic heart disease (IHD) exhibit both endothelial dysfunction and increased arterial stiffness. We investigated whether this is also the case in heart failure of nonischemic etiology. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eleven patients with heart failure and IHD, 12 patients with heart failure from angiographically ...
Hoskote Aparna - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To identify pretransplant factors associated with postprocedural right ventricular failure and the relationship between right ventricular failure and long-term survival in children. METHODS: Records were reviewed for children having heart transplantation from 2000 to 2006. RESULTS: Right ventricular failure was identified by clinical and echocardiographic parameters in 33/129 (25%) ...
Boudestein Laura C M - - 2009
To compare prognosis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with or without concomitant heart failure. Patients aged 65 years or over with a general practitioner (GP)'s diagnosis of COPD but without a prior diagnosis of heart failure underwent an extensive diagnostic work-up including echocardiography and pulmonary function tests ...
Okin Peter M - - 2009
Prolonged QRS duration (QRS) has been associated with left ventricular dyssynchrony and dysfunction and with the development of heart failure. However, whether persistence or development of increased QRS over time is associated with an increased incidence of heart failure in hypertensive patients, independent of blood pressure lowering and regression of ...
Ojji D B - - 2009
Despite heart failure having been identified in subjects in sub-Saharan Africa over the last 60 years, there is still a dearth of data, especially echocardiographic data on heart failure. We therefore set out to analyse the clinical and echocardiographic features of all consecutive subjects presenting with heart failure in a ...
Shah Amee - - 2009
Children with single ventricle physiology have increased ventricular work and are at greater risk of developing heart failure than other children with congenital heart disease. However, the diagnosis of heart failure is difficult because few objective measures have been validated for this cohort. Plasma proteins have been identified as biomarkers ...
D'Annoville Thomas - - 2009
We present a case of right heart failure after left pneumonectomy as a result of an isolated, contralateral partial anomalous pulmonary venous return. We successfully treated this with percutaneous atrioseptostomy. For unstable patients with postoperative acute heart failure from an undetected partial anomalous pulmonary venous return, this minimally invasive procedure ...
Hummel Scott L - - 2009
Dietary sodium indiscretion frequently contributes to hospitalizations in elderly heart failure patients. Animal models suggest an important role for dietary sodium intake in the pathophysiology of heart failure with preserved systolic function. The documentation and effects of hospital discharge recommendations, particularly for sodium-restricted diet, have not been extensively investigated in ...
Huijskes R V H P - - 2009
Haemochromatosis is a disturbance in the iron metabolism leading to excessive accumulation of iron in various organs such as the liver, pancreas, joints, skin, pituitary, testes and heart, with the last mentioned leading to heart failure. In this report we describe a patient with serious heart failure, attributed to homozygosity ...
Lim Hoong Sern - - 2009
The overall mortality rate in patients with heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) appears to be comparable to that in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. In contrast to the latter group of patients, randomized trials with neurohumoral blockade in patients with HFNEF have failed to demonstrate ...
Karamitsos Theodoros D - - 2009
Noninvasive imaging plays a central role in the diagnosis of heart failure, assessment of prognosis, and monitoring of therapy. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) offers a comprehensive assessment of heart failure patients and is now the gold standard imaging technique to assess myocardial anatomy, regional and global function, and viability. Furthermore, ...
Najm Hani K - - 2009
A better understanding of the morphology of complete atrioventricular septal defects (CAVSD) has impacted on surgical techniques and results. On some occasions the leaflet tissue is deficient and repair becomes difficult which leads to atrioventricular valve (AVV) regurgitation following the surgical repair of the AVSD. This study was conducted to ...
Gupta Sachin - - 2009
The pathophysiology of heart failure is complex, and the list of biomarkers representing distinct pathophysiologic pathways is growing rapidly. This article focuses on some promising newer biomarkers that have contributed to a better understanding of pathophysiologic mechanisms involved in heart failure but for which less data are currently available: osteoprotegerin, ...
Dalzell Jonathan R - - 2009
Heart failure is a complex systemic syndrome resulting from significant impairment of cardiac function. A vast array of biological pathways is now known to be involved in heart failure, including deleterious pathways promoting its development and progression, as well as compensatory cardioprotective pathways. Some of the components of these pathways ...
Kakkar Rahul - - 2009
ST2 is the receptor for interleukin-33, a cytokine with antihypertrophic and antifibrotic effects on the myocardium. Serum levels of the soluble form of ST2 serve as a biomarker for ventricular biomechanical strain and provide prognostic information in patients who have symptomatic heart failure. Adrenomedullin is a vasoactive peptide whose actions ...
van der Laan-Baalbergen N E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Heart failure in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE ) is rare, and its long-term outcome is unknown. The aim of this study was to analyse the long-term outcome of six SLE patients with heart failure as first manifestation of cardiac involvement and to review previously reported cases. METHODS: We conducted ...
Jug Borut - - 2009
The impact of heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) on activated hemostasis is still unclear. We sought to compare the activation of hemostasis in patients with heart failure with preserved LVEF, with impaired LVEF, and in healthy controls. Biomarkers of coagulation and fibrinolysis (D-dimer, tPA and PAI-1) ...
Krishnan Eswar - - 2009
Hyperuricemia, a known correlate of oxidative stress, is a marker for adverse prognosis among individuals with heart failure. However, the relationship between hyperuricemia and the risk for incidence of heart failure in a community-based population has not been studied. We prospectively analyzed the relationship between serum uric acid concentration at ...
Chen Michael A - - 2009
Age-associated physiologic changes predispose older adults to develop heart failure, even when left ventricular ejection fraction is normal or near normal. Heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction is particularly common in older hypertensive women, and hypertension plays a key role in its pathophysiology. In contrast with heart failure with ...
Daneshmand Mani A - - 2009
Patients with heart failure represent a significantly ill cohort, and the survival of the most advanced heart failure patients is dismal with medical management alone. This cohort of advanced heart-failure patients benefits from several surgical treatments. Although several techniques for surgical ventricular restoration in the setting of left ventricular aneurysms ...
Keith Mary E - - 2009
The impact of heart failure and its treatment on specific nutrient requirements is unknown. Furthermore, depletion of water-soluble B vitamins that play key roles in the production of cellular energy in patients with heart failure can contribute to depletion of energy reserves observed in the failing heart. A cross-sectional study ...
Jug Borut - - 2009
Heart failure is characterised by activation of haemostasis. We sought to explore the prognostic impact of deranged haemostasis in chronic heart failure. In stable, optimally managed outpatients with chronic heart failure, baseline levels of prothrombin fragment F1+2, D-dimer, and tPA and PAI-1 antigens were determined. Clinical follow-up was obtained and ...
Villalba E - - 2009
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) account for 45% of all deaths in the western world according to the 2004 World Health Organization statistics report. Heart failure (HF), CVD's primary paradigm, mainly affects people older than 65. The European MyHeart Project's mission is to empower citizens to fight CVD by leading a preventative ...
Ky Bonnie B Penn Cardiovascular Institute, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2009
Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) is a paracrine factor released by microvascular endothelial cells that has cardioprotective effects in animal models of heart failure. However, circulating NRG-1 has not been studied in human heart disease. We used a novel immunoassay to test whether circulating NRG-1beta is associated with disease severity and clinical outcomes ...
Agarwal Prachi P - - 2009
This article aims to familiarize radiologists with novel treatment options for chronic heart failure that is unresponsive to medical therapy, such as mechanical cardiac assist devices, surgical procedures, resynchronization therapy with biventricular pacing, and cellular cardiomyoplasty, and their radiographic appearances. Heart transplantation as a treatment of debilitating heart failure provides ...
Liu Kuo-Sheng - - 2009
Postcardiotomy right ventricular (RV) failure develops during the perioperative period following pulmonary hypertensive crisis or acute myocardial infarction. This study reports our institutional experience in treating these patients with extracorporeal life support (ECLS). Between June 2002 and July 2005, 46 adults were treated with ECLS for postcardiotomy shock. Acute RV ...
Felder R B RB Medical Service, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Iowa City, Iowa, USA. - - 2009
Systolic heart failure is a feed-forward phenomenon with devastating consequences. Impaired cardiac function is the initiating event, but central nervous system mechanisms activated by persistent altered neural and humoral signals from the periphery play an important sustaining role. Animals with experimentally induced heart failure have neurochemical abnormalities in the brain ...
Bispo Miguel M Department of Gastroenterology, Egas Moniz Hospital, Lisbon, Portugal. - - 2009
Heart failure may lead to subclinical circulatory disturbances and remain an unrecognized cause of ischemic liver injury. We present the case of a previously healthy 40-year-old bodybuilder, referred to our Intensive-Care Unit of Hepatology for treatment of severe acute liver failure, with the suspicion of toxic hepatitis associated with anabolic ...
van de Ven Louis L M - - 2010
In CIBIS III, initiating chronic heart failure (CHF) treatment with bisoprolol (target dose 10 mg q.d.) followed by combination therapy with enalapril (target dose 10 mg b.i.d.), compared to the opposite order, showed similar effects on survival and hospitalization. By echocardiography, we evaluated the effects of these treatment strategies on cardiac structure ...
Mizuguchi K - - 2009
We report a Japanese girl affected with a neonatal-onset form of propionic acidaemia (PA). She developed severe metabolic crisis after dehydration at 2 years of age. Bradycardia with complete atrioventricular block responded to haemodiafiltration, but severe cardiac failure was refractory to inotropic treatment. She was diagnosed with acute cardiac dysfunction caused ...
Tongers Jörn - - 2011
Arteriovenous malformations may lead to right-heart failure in cases of hemodynamically significant left-to-right shunting. Here, we report the case of a 37-year-old female who presented with congestive heart failure related to an isolated anomalous connection of the left pulmonary vein to the left brachiocephalic vein (partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection). ...
Gaddam Krishna K - - 2009
Hypertension clearly increases the risk of systolic or diastolic heart failure. With aging population and advancements in treatment of cardiovascular diseases, the prevalence of heart failure is ever-increasing and is a principal cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Treating hypertension has been shown to decrease the risk of development of ...
Blum Arnon - - 2009
Experimental and clinical data suggest a causal relationship between immunological and inflammatory processes and heart failure. Inflammatory processes may be involved in the pathogenesis of heart failure and may play a role in the progression of ventricular dysfunction. In the last decade several immunological methods were developed that tried to ...
Anderson Mark E ME Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, USA. - - 2009
Patients with systolic left ventricular dysfunction die progressively from congestive heart failure or die suddenly from cardiac arrhythmias. Myocardial hypertrophy is an early event in most forms of heart failure, but the majority of patients with myocardial hypertrophy do not develop heart failure. Developing improved therapies for targeting the cell ...
Kanoksilp Anek - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare between adult patients with heart failure after hospital discharge in a heart failure clinic and daily practice in terms of survival, readmission rate, and quality of life. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The authors followed 100 patients who received care in the heart failure clinic (n = 50) or ...
Finsterer Josef - - 2011
The association of left ventricular hypertrabeculation (LVHT), also known as noncompaction, coronary heart disease, and metabolic myopathy, as presented in the following report, is rare. In a 77-yo male with a history of arterial hypertension, coronary heart disease, dilative cardiomyopathy, mitral and tricuspid insufficiency, AV-block III, implantation of a pacemaker, ...
Kydd Anna - - 2009
Evaluation of: Pocock SJ, McMurray JJV, Dobson J et al. Weight loss and mortality risk in patients with chronic heart failure in the Candesartan in Heart failure: Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and morbidity (CHARM) programme. Eur. Heart J. 29, 2641-2650 (2008). Among patients with heart failure, the usual association ...
Dobre Daniela - - 2009
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: To describe the role of albuminuria as a risk marker for heart failure and a predictor for treatment effect on heart failure prognosis. RECENT FINDINGS: The level of albumin in the urine is a predictor of heart failure in the general population and in patients with ...
Dubi Shay - - 2010
Diastolic heart failure (DHF) or heart failure with preserved systolic left ventricular function is estimated to account for approximately 40% of heart failure cases. Medical treatment of patients with DHF is limited and mainly empirical. Device-based therapy has an increasing role in the treatment of systolic heart failure and may ...
Gasser T Christian - - 2009
Lead perforation is a rare but serious complication of pacemaker implantations, and in the present study the associated tissue failure was investigated by means of in-vitro penetration of porcine and bovine ventricular tissue. Rectangular patches from the right ventricular free wall and the interventricular septum were separated, bi-axially stretched and ...
Ahmed A A Department of Medicine, School of Medicine and Public Health, Geriatric Heart Failure Clinics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Birmingham, AL 35294-2041, USA. - - 2009
Over 80% of all heart failure patients are 65 years and older. The diagnosis and management of heart failure in older adults can be challenging. However, with the correct clinical skill and experience, most geriatric heart failure can be properly diagnosed and managed. Management of geriatric heart failure can be ...
Blum Arnon - - 2009
Ten years ago we published a review updating current knowledge on heart failure. We summarized that heart failure is a neuro-humoral and inflammatory syndrome, and that proinflammatory cytokines are involved in cardiac depression and in the complex syndrome of heart failure. We suggested that understanding the role of these cytokines ...
Chan Paul S PS St Luke's Mid-America Heart Institute, Kansas City, MO 64111, USA. - - 2009
Although a variety of prognostic tools have been shown to predict rehospitalization and mortality in heart failure patients, their utility in assessing future costs is less clear. We assessed whether health status assessment with the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) predicts future costs in stable heart failure outpatients with left ...
Kunju Shebna Unes - - 2009
Obesity is a known risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease, including heart failure. However, the impact of obesity on patients with heart failure is unclear. Weight reduction is a recommended method of prevention of cardiovascular disease. However, the phenomenon of the "obesity paradox" (or "reverse epidemiology") revealed that overweight and ...
Schrock Jon W - - 2009
Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is a common illness presenting to the emergency department (ED) that is amenable to observation unit (OU) treatment. As the number of baby boomers continues to grow and the incidence of heart failure increases, the financial implications of ADHF treatment will become more prominent. Obtaining ...
Wu Robert C - - 2009
The use of the Internet to administer questionnaires has many potential advantages over the use of pen-and-paper administration. Yet it is important to validate Internet administration, as most questionnaires were initially developed and validated for pen-and-paper delivery. While some have been validated for use over the Internet, these questionnaires have ...
Graffigna Angelo A Cardiac Surgery Unit, Ospedale S.Chiara, Trento, - - 2009
The renewed interest in surgical techniques for atrial fibrillation (AF) limited to the left atrium has risen the importance of the original technique of left atrial isolation by means of surgical incision. Transmurality of lesions and cost containment are strong elements to be appreciated in this technique.
Szady Anita D - - 2009
Heart failure is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. While the aetiology varies and there are a wide variety of treatment options, a large amount of the morbidity related to heart failure is due to fluid retention and the symptoms of volume overload. Multiple neurohormonal pathways are activated ...
G Srikanth S Stem Cell Research Facility, Department of Hematology, Sanjay Gandhi Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences , Raebareli Road, Lucknow-226014, - - 2009
The most common rat model of myocardial infarction (MI) is by ligation of left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery but it is associated with high mortality and large variations in the infarct size. We evolved certain innovations/modifications in the existing technique including immobilization of the heart without exteriorization, identification of ...
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