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Ginther Richard M RM - - 2013
The evolution of myocardial protection techniques has been both the source of milestone advancements and controversial debate in cardiac surgery. Our institution has modified a low-prime cardioplegia system (CPS) and adopted a single-dose cardioplegia solution (del Nido cardioplegia) for our congenital heart disease population. The goal of this article is ...
Mylotte Darren - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether recent technical modifications have improved clinical outcomes for patients undergoing contemporary bifurcation lesion percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Provisional side branch (SB)-stenting has become the preferred strategy for bifurcation PCI. Newer generation drug-eluting stents, the proximal optimization technique (POT), and the use of non-compliant (NC) balloons ...
Hosoba Soh - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Postinfarction ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a rare, but feared, complication after acute myocardial infarction. Although numerous techniques and materials have been used, the best technique has not yet been settled upon. We present a novel technique of VSD closure through the VSD via right ventricular (RV) incision and ...
Karabay K Ocal - - 2013
AIMS: This study describes and reports preliminary outcomes using K-TAP (kissing T-stenting and small protrusion), a novel modification of traditional T-stenting and small protrusion (TAP). METHODS AND RESULTS: Nine patients who were treated with K-TAP between May 2008 and February 2012 at two hospitals were retrospectively included in this study. ...
Usui Akihiko - - 2013
We developed a needle stick technique for treating hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Three 21-gauge needles are inserted into the interventricular septum just below the aortic valve annulus beyond the far side of the septal bulge. The right and left needles are both side margins, and the center needle is a guide ...
Kherada N - - 2013
Drug-eluting balloons (DEB) were developed to address in-stent restenosis among other indications but have also recently been shown safe and efficacious in the context of bifurcation. By eliminating both the stent and the polymer, stent thrombosis can be avoided, while still delivering an antiproliferative agent to reduce the risk of ...
de la Torre Hernández José M - - 2013
This article provides a detailed review of the most important studies on interventional cardiology reported in publications or presentations during the year 2012. With regard to coronary interventions, ST-elevation myocardial infarction is extensively addressed in studies focusing on the relevance of reducing the reperfusion time and the utility of various ...
de la Torre Hernández José M JM Unidad de Cardiología Intervencionista, Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
This article provides a detailed review of the most important studies on interventional cardiology reported in publications or presentations during the year 2012. With regard to coronary interventions, ST-elevation myocardial infarction is extensively addressed in studies focusing on the relevance of reducing the reperfusion time and the utility of various ...
Wilson Thomas J - - 2013
Object The objective of this study was to compare the accuracy of 3 methods of ventricular catheter placement during CSF shunt operations: the freehand technique using surface anatomy, ultrasonic guidance, and stereotactic neuronavigation. Methods This retrospective cohort study included all patients from a single institution who underwent a ventricular CSF ...
Kakoti Ankana - - 2013
Heart type fatty acid binding protein (HFABP) as an early marker of cardiac injury holds a promising future with studies indicating surpassing performance as compared to myoglobin. As a plasma marker, this cytoplasmic protein owing to its small size (∼15kDa) and water solubility, appears readily in the blood-stream following cardiomyocyte ...
Karamitsos Theodoros D - - 2013
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is a valuable clinical tool in everyday practice providing additional information to echocardiography. The late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) technique is now part of nearly every CMR protocol and enables in-vivo tissue characterization in ischemic (identification of scaring due to infarction) and many nonischemic cardiomyopathies (identification of ...
Bharucha Tara - - 2013
Echocardiography is the fundamental tool in the management of children with congenital heart disease (CHD), and cross-sectional echocardiography is still the main technique used for diagnosis and therapeutic planning. Recent advances in pediatric echocardiography include 3D echocardiography and functional imaging. The recent development of specific pediatric probes allows imaging of ...
Bruschke A V G - - 2013
The clinical significance of myocardial bridging has been a subject of discussion and controversy since the introduction of coronary arteriography (CAG) in the early 1960s. More recently computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) has made it possible to visualise the overlying muscular bands and appears to have a higher sensitivity for ...
Pouard Philippe - - 2013
Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass is routinely used in neonates who require early repair of congenital heart diseases. However, the bypass temperature and use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, the composition of the priming and the acceptable degree of hemodilution, the prophylactic use of antifibrinolytic agents and steroids, the choice ...
Yaminisharif Ahmad - - 2013
Vascular access can present a clinical challenge in the implantation of permanent pacemaker leads. We describe the case of an 81-year-old man with complete heart block in whom it was difficult to find a suitable vein for advancing a pacemaker lead. The left cephalic vein was selected for lead implantation; ...
Schreiber Christian C Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery, German Heart Center Munich at the Technical University, Munich, - - 2013
In recent years, perventricular ventricular septal defect device closure without cardiopulmonary bypass has gained increasing acceptance in China. Under transoesophageal echocardiography guidance, muscular, perimembranous and even doubly committed defects are closed. We performed the first application of this technique outside of China and explain step-by-step the hybrid procedure.
Pregowski Jerzy J Cardiology and Invasive Angiology Department, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, - - 2013
The percutaneous edge-to-edge repair of mitral regurgitation with a MitraClip device has been recently approved in Europe. The results of the randomized EVEREST II study showed a favourable safety profile of the technique. However, the efficacy in terms of regurgitation reduction in a population with predominantly degenerative mitral disease was ...
Dauvergne Christian - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The presence of large thrombus burden in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is common and associated with poor prognosis. This study aimed to describe the feasibility and safety of the novel 'mother-in-child' thrombectomy (MCT) technique in patients presenting with AMI and large thrombus burden undergoing percutaneous coronary ...
Such-Miquel Luis - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: An experimental model is used to analyze the characteristics of ventricular fibrillation in situations of variable complexity, establishing relationships among the data produced by different methods for analyzing the arrhythmia. METHODS: In 27 isolated rabbit heart preparations studied under the action of drugs (propranolol and KB-R7943) or ...
Such-Miquel Luis L Departamento de Fisioterapia, Universitat de València, Valencia, - - 2013
An experimental model is used to analyze the characteristics of ventricular fibrillation in situations of variable complexity, establishing relationships among the data produced by different methods for analyzing the arrhythmia. In 27 isolated rabbit heart preparations studied under the action of drugs (propranolol and KB-R7943) or physical procedures (stretching) that ...
Chen Xin - - 2012
The most appropriate surgical approach for patients with post-infarction left ventricular (LV) aneurysm remains undetermined. We compared the efficacy of the linear versus patch repair techniques, and investigated the mid-term changes of LV geometry and cardiac function, for repair of LV aneurysms. We reviewed the records of 194 patients who ...
Lukács E - - 2012
There are several experimental models for the in vivo investigation of myocardial infarction (MI) in small (mouse, rat) and large animals (dog, pig, sheep and baboons). The application of large animal models raises ethical concerns, the design of experiments needs longer follow-up times, requiring proper breeding and housing conditions, therefore ...
Kandakure Pramod Reddy - - 2012
Routine closure of the sternum after cardiovascular surgery sometimes causes severe cardiac depression because of tamponade, leading to cardiogenic shock. We describe a full-thickness chest wall traction suture taken parasternally and tied to an intravenous fluid stand. Upward (outward) traction is applied to the anterior chest while the sternum is ...
Patel Mehul B - - 2012
AIMS: Limitations imposed by the coronary sinus venous anatomy triggered the transseptal approach for endocardial LV lead placement. The alignment of the interatrial septum (IAS) and its neighborhood anatomy does not favor transseptal puncture from the pre-pectoral area. Locating and advancing a pre-pectoral LV lead delivery catheter (PDC) through an ...
Freixa Xavier - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The crush and culotte are probably the most common two-stent techniques utilized for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of complex bifurcation lesions. Long-term outcome associated with the utilization of these techniques is unknown. Our objective was to evaluate the long-term outcomes after bifurcation PCI utilizing these 2 techniques with a ...
Takahashi Akihiko - - 2012
We describe a new technique for removing distal emboli that became visible on angiography during percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction. Three patients presented with distal embolization as a filling defect with an abrupt cut-off in 1 of the peripheral coronary vessels of the infarct-related coronary artery. After a ...
Wallis Laura - - 2012
A new look at an old approach finds no harm, but no benefit.
Higashi Rihito - - 2012
We present a case in which the sandwich technique was successfully applied via right ventriculotomy for posterior infarction ventricular septal perforation 2 days after acute posterior myocardial infarction in a 73-year-old male patient. The sealant BioGlue was applied to the space between the two patches instead of gelatin-resorcinol-formaldehyde biological glue. The ...
Cook Jeffrey - - 2012
Total occlusion of a saphenous vein graft (SVG) can present as abrupt thrombotic occlusion in an atherosclerotic graft with resultant acute cardiac events or chronic total occlusion (CTO) with resultant angina symptoms. The risks of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) within an occluded graft include not only periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI), ...
Shapiro Brian P - - 2012
Left ventricular dysfunction in the setting of severe coronary artery disease poses a major diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma. While this clinical scenario is generally associated with poor outcomes, some but not all patients benefit from coronary revascularization. For example, patients with severe, transmural myocardial infarctions may derive little or no ...
Barbash Israel M - - 2012
Percutaneous coronary intervention of aorto-ostial lesions is associated with high rates of major adverse cardiovascular events. Precise implantation of coronary stents in the ostium is important in order to prevent adverse clinical outcomes. The presented case demonstrates a simple technique to accurately position a stent during aorto-ostial percutaneous coronary intervention.
Hiraoka Arudo A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Sakakibara Heart Institute of Okayama, Okayama, Japan. - - 2013
Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm (LVPA) is a known serious complication of myocardial infarction or mitral valve replacement. As an alternative option, transmitral patch repair for LVPA has been reported. However, it is very difficult to complete the procedure for LVPA with a large defect. A 68-year old man with a history ...
Bondarenko Olga - - 2012
In patients with chronic ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction, revascularization may lead to symptomatic and prognostic improvement. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging with its high spatial resolution provides the qualitative and quantitative, global and regional information on myocardial anatomy and function. In combination with a gadolinium-based contrast agent, CMR allows an ...
Gudausky Todd M - - 2012
Annual surveillance coronary angiograpyhy to screen for graft coronary vasculopathy is routine practice after orthotopic heart transplantation. Traditionally, this is performed with direct coronary angiography using static single-plane or biplane angiography. Recently, technological advances have made it possible to perform dual-axis rotational coronary angiography (RA). This technique differs from standard ...
Sun L - - 2012
This paper presents a useful technique for totally automatic detection of myocardial infarction from patients ECGs. Due to the large number of heartbeats constituting an ECG and the high cost of having all the heartbeats manually labeled, supervised learning techniques have achieved limited success in ECG classification. In this paper, ...
Hedayioglu F - - 2012
We propose a denoising and segmentation technique for the second heart sound (S2). To denoise, Matching Pursuit (MP) was applied using a set of non-linear chirp signals as atoms. We show that the proposed method can be used to segment the phonocardiogram of the second heart sound into its two ...
Sharma Rajesh - - 2012
We propose a modification of the simple, horizontal mattress, pledgetted suture technique for closing the small muscular ventricular septal defect (VSD) by interposing an oversized third pledget on the left ventricular (LV) aspect of the defect.
Brittain Evan L EL Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2012
Right ventricular (RV) function is a strong independent predictor of outcome in a number of distinct cardiopulmonary diseases. The RV has a remarkable ability to sustain damage and recover function which may be related to unique anatomic, physiologic, and genetic factors that differentiate it from the left ventricle. This capacity ...
van Slochteren Frebus J - - 2012
Cardiac regenerative therapy is still not used in daily clinical practice. A reason for this might be the modest effect on relevant global clinical endpoints [i.e. ejection fraction (EF)] in preclinical studies. To introduce proper improvement strategies, it is important to extend the focus from clinical endpoints to more detailed ...
Sousa Jocerlano Santos de - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The most common indication for surgical correction of giant left atrium is associated with mitral valve insufficiency with or without atrial fibrillation. Several techniques for this purpose are already described with varying results. OBJECTIVE: To present the initial experience with the tangential triangular resection technique (Pomerantzeff). METHODS: From 2002 ...
Salic Kanita - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRs) are short non-coding RNA molecules involved in post-transcriptional gene regulation by binding to the 3' untranslated region of a messenger RNA (mRNA), thereby inhibiting the translation or inducing mRNA destabilization. MiRs are generally considered to act as intracellular mediators essential for normal cardiac function, and their deregulated expression ...
Hahn Nynke E - - 2012
Reactive oxygen species producing NADPH oxidases play important roles under different (patho)physiological conditions. NOX1, NOX2, and NOX4 are important sources of reactive oxygen species in the heart, but knowledge of the calcium-dependent NOX5 in the heart is lacking. The presence of NOX5 was studied via RT-PCR in heart tissue from ...
Noll E - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Systemic capillary lactate, an end product of cellular anaerobic metabolism, has not established credibility in monitoring limb reperfusion. We assessed, in mice, whether local capillary lactate, arising from the reperfused limb, might be a relevant biomarker of reperfusion. REPORT: Systemic and local capillary lactate were sampled in the non-ischaemic ...
Deniz Ali - - 2012
Background: The main purpose of this study is to determine the correlation of inter- and intraatrial conduction times between the electrophysiological and tissue Doppler echocardiographic measurements, and to evaluate the appropriateness of tissue Doppler echocardiography for this measurement. Methods: One-hundred and one patients were included in the study who underwent ...
Bettari Luca - - 2012
Heart failure is one of the most common, costly, disabling and growing diseases (McMurray and Pfeffer in Lancet 365(9474):1877-1889, 2005). Hyponatremia, conventionally defined as a serum-sodium concentration equal or less than 135 mmol/l (American Heart Association in Heart disease and stroke statistics-2007 update. American Heart Association, Dallas, 2007; Stewart et al. ...
Sarma Satyam - - 2012
The prognosis for patients diagnosed with heart failure has significantly improved over the past three decades; however, the disease still confers a high degree of morbidity and mortality. Current treatments for chronic heart failure have focused primarily on blocking neurohormonal signaling and optimizing hemodynamic parameters. Although significant resources have been ...
Takahashi Kazuhiro - - 2012
Urocortins are human homologues of urotensin I, a fish corticotropin-releasing-factor- (CRF-) like peptide secreted from the urophysis. There are three urocortins: urocortin 1, urocortin 2, and urocortin 3 in mammals. We have shown that urocortin 1 and urocortin 3 are endogenously synthesized in the myocardial cells of human heart and ...
Bogoslavsky Levy Mendes Andrea - - 2012
Studies on the collagen system of the human myocardium are still limited compared to those on small laboratory animals. The aim of this work was to observe the collagen tissue of the myocardium of the human heart as a function of age. The types of collagen, as well as the ...
Ross Donald E - - 2012
Review of the benefits and techniques for anaortic coronary bypass surgery.
Hezel Fabian - - 2012
Myocardial tissue characterization using T(2) (*) relaxation mapping techniques is an emerging application of (pre)clinical cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging. The increase in microscopic susceptibility at higher magnetic field strengths renders myocardial T(2) (*) mapping at ultrahigh magnetic fields conceptually appealing. This work demonstrates the feasibility of myocardial T(2) (*) imaging ...
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