Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1175
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Bestetti Reinaldo B - - 2005
A 47-year-old woman complained of angina-like chest pain, near-syncope, and syncopal episodes of 17 years' duration. Physical examination was unremarkable. A 12-lead resting ECG showed symmetrically inverted T waves in the inferior and anterolateral leads. A graded treadmill exercise stress test precipitated angina-like chest pain accompanied by a near-syncopal episode ...
Ocasio-Tascón María Elena - - 2005
A 71-year-old male with coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tobacco and opioid dependence came to the emergency room complaining of one episode of retrosternal chest pain oppressive in nature of one day of evolution. He had acute respiratory distress and required mechanical ventilation. The initial impression was myocardial ischemia, ...
Battaglia Edda - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Non-cardiac chest pain is a frequent finding in patients admitted to emergency departments, and it has been shown that many of these patients may have an esophageal cause for their pain. However, little data are available on patients primarily referred to the cardiology unit, and especially those with coronary ...
Senen Kubilay - - 2005
The role of endothelial dysfunction and platelet activation in patients with cardiac syndrome X is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the plasma levels of circulating E- and P-selectin molecules in patients with syndrome X. The study included 21 patients with cardiac syndrome X (11 men and ...
Nagarajan D V - - 2005
This case report is about a 62 year old woman who was involved in an accident while driving her car, during which the driver side air bag deployed. She experienced intense anterior chest pain that radiated to her left arm after the accident, but was otherwise well; there was no ...
Saleem Mohammad A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Little is known about patients admitted with chest pain to inpatient telemetry units directly from an emergency department. METHODS: We analyzed data from 105 consecutive patients who presented with chest pain to an emergency department and who were hospitalized in an inpatient telemetry unit but who were at low ...
Azzarelli Salvatore - - 2005
The coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP) is an angiographic finding characterized by delayed opacification of the epicardial coronary arteries in the absence of significant stenosis, spasm, dissection or thrombus. Although this poorly understood phenomenon received little attention, patients with CSFP at coronary angiography often suffer from recurrent episodes of chest ...
Pizzo V R P - - 2005
Injury to the heart in blunt chest trauma is dependent on a number of factors. Symptoms are often non-specific, and there is no gold standard test for diagnosis. Injuries to small areas of the myocardium may only be identified at autopsy. We report a 38 year old man who sustained ...
Gilman Gregory - - 2005
We report an unusual case of cardiac hamartoma involving the ventricular septum. The patient presented with palpitations and exertional chest pain. Echocardiography indicated a large homogeneous mass occupying the superior two-thirds of the ventricular septum. This report confirms the use of transthoracic echocardiography as a screening tool in the diagnosis ...
Simpson Joanne - - 2005
We report the case of a female patient emergently transferred to our institution with the presumptive diagnosis of myocardial infarction in heart failure given the constellation of symptoms and abnormal laboratory cardiac markers on presentation. However, on closer examination, prior to instituting an invasive cardiac work-up, pulmonary embolism was instead ...
Gutersohn Achim - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A 25-year-old obese male (BMI 31.9 kg/m(2)) presented with atypical chest pain of sudden onset that was indistinguishable from acute myocardial infarction. He had tachycardia (104 beats/min) and dyspnea at a low level of exercise. He had no previous cardiac history, but his cardiovascular risk profile included a familial ...
Meaudre E - - 2005
We report a severe head injury and blunt chest trauma with sternal and multiple rib fractures with high-energy impact in a 22-year-old man. Twelve hours after the accident, haemodynamic status of the patient rapidly worsened because of right ventricular (RV) failure due to myocardial contusion, requiring increasing doses of catecholamine. ...
Kosar Feridun - - 2005
Congenital diverticulum of the ventricle is a rare cardiac abnormality that is characterized by local embryologic development failure of the ventricular muscle. It can be found as an isolated form or associated with other cardiac abnormalities. Clinically, it has been reported that it can lead to heart failure, arrhythmia, or ...
Guldner Gregory T - - 2005
Blunt chest trauma causing coronary artery occlusion and myocardial infarction is a rare but potentially fatal condition. We present the case of a healthy 29-year-old man who developed a myocardial infarction due to complete occlusion of the proximal right coronary artery following blunt chest trauma. A review of the literature ...
Khan Nazim Uddin Azam - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is often associated with chest pain, electrocardiographic changes, and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction on echocardiogram. There have been reports of elevated troponin levels with PE. RV dysfunction and elevated troponin levels have prognostic implications in acute PE. The purpose of this retrospective analysis was to determine ...
Sonoda Koichiro - - 2005
We describe a 76-year-old man in whom a gastric tube was used for esophageal reconstruction via the anterior mediastinum after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Stenosis of the tube resulted in fluid accumulation, which directly compressed the heart and caused angina-like chest pain associated with ST-segment depression in lead V(2-3) on ...
Bisognano John D - - 2005
The etiology of cardiac allograft vasculopathy is not known, but may be preceded by both endothelial cell and smooth muscle dysfunction of the epicardial coronary arteries. We here report a case of acute, reversible coronary artery vasospasm which caused a myocardial infarction in a cardiac transplant recipient. The patient had ...
Li Jian-Jun - - 2005
Chest pain is a common complaint in adolescents. It is mostly from musculoskeletal origin. Variant angina is a rare cause of chest pain in adolescents. Here we report a 17-year-old male with severe chest pain accompanied by transient ST-segment elevation in leads II, III, avF of the electrocardiogram showing/revealing variant ...
Asbury Elizabeth A - - 2005
Cardiac syndrome X, the triad of angina pectoris, positive exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) for myocardial ischemia and angiographically smooth coronary arteries, is associated with increased psychological morbidity, debilitating symptomatology and a poor quality of life. Patients with noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) are often similarly affected. The psychological morbidity noted among this ...
Alexopoulos Dimitrros - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Detection of coronary calcium may be a useful noninvasive approach for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) in subjects presenting to the emergency department with chest pain. HYPOTHESIS: We tried to assess the diagnostic value of coronary artery calcium (CAC) detection by digital cinefluoroscopy in patients with new-onset chest pain ...
Ferri C - - 2005
Scleroderma heart involvement (SHI) is often manifest, and virtually always present when accurately searched and holds a significant prognostic value. Myocardial involvement by patchy fibrosis (secondary to both repeated ischaemia and immunoinflammatory damage) leads to ventricular diastolic dysfunction, whereas right ventricle overload and failure may complicate pulmonary hypertension. Left ventricular ...
Herlitz Johan - - 2005
We describe the incidence of acute chest pain (requiring admission to the emergency department) and the prognosis during two time periods in all patients admitted to the emergency department at Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Göteborg, Sweden, with acute chest pain 1986 and 1987 (period 1) and 1996 and 1997 (period ...
Lin Tsung-Hsien - - 2005
Hyperthyroidism is associated with an increase in myocardial oxygen consumption that, due to an imbalance of oxygen demand and supply, can cause angina. However, subclinical hyperthyroidism rarely presents as chest pain in the resting state. Herein, we present a case of subclinical hyperthyroidism involving a 58-year-old male who complained of ...
Vougiouklakis Theodore - - 2005
Occult cardiac injury following blunt trauma is more common than generally suspected. Myocardial lesions range from myocardial contusion to cardiac rupture. Myocardial contusion is not uncommon, it is usually a benign disorder which often remains undiagnosed. We report the case of a previously healthy 29-year-old man who was involved in ...
Pelliccia Francesco - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The use of protocols for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI) is growing, but no definite conclusion regarding the value of critical pathways in Europe has been drawn. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of critical pathway on processes of care and outcome for ...
Weston Patrick - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Acute chest pain is a common complaint for patients presenting to emergency departments. Electrocardiography (ECG) results and biochemical markers have strong positive predictive value, but an equally available, inexpensive, and non-invasive test with strong negative predictive value is needed. Hand-held echocardiography (HHE) might serve this purpose. The objective of ...
Budde Ricardo P J - - 2004
In totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery, intra-operative assessment of anastomotic quality is needed. We evaluated the endoscopic application of epicardial ultrasound to visualize the coronary anastomosis and detect a construction error. In 8 pigs (71-78kg), 16 internal mammary artery to left anterior descending coronary artery anastomoses were constructed conventionally, ...
McCord James - - 2004
Electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) is a unique, noninvasive radiologic method capable of high-resolution imaging that is being increasingly used for evaluation of the cardiovascular system. Among its multiple applications, coronary artery calcium (CAC) imaging has attracted considerable attention because of the potential of this technique for early detection of ...
Hermans Kurt - - 2004
Traumatic cardiac damage is caused by penetrating or blunt injury.The majority of disruptures in blunt trauma are the result of deceleration traumas. We present the case of an 8-year-old boy who fell off his horse. Afterwards the horse stepped on his chest. He was successfully treated for pericardial tamponade due ...
Hastreiter Dawn - - 2004
A 55-year-old man was brought to the emergency room complaining of left-sided chest pain. His electrocardiogram was indeterminate, and a multidetector computed tomogram (MDCT) was performed to exclude aortic dissection. The patient's aorta was normal, but an area of hypoperfusion was evident in the lateral ventricular myocardial wall. The ability ...
Caraang Chris - - 2004
The effective management of aortic dissection relies heavily on a high index of suspicion followed by timely definitive diagnosis. Young adults without a history of blunt trauma who are not at risk for atherosclerotic disease may lower this suspicion. We present a 24-year-old patient with complaints of chest pain who ...
Miller Chadwick D - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: In patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with an initial diagnostic impression of noncardiac chest pain, we determine the 30-day incidence of adverse cardiac events and characteristics associated with those events. METHODS: The multicenter, prospectively collected Internet Tracking Registry for Acute Coronary Syndromes (i*tr ACS ) registry ...
Chung Kiyon - - 2004
We report two cases of patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain who had low risk electrocardiographic findings. Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) revealed a significant area of decreased uptake suggestive of acute transmural infarction. In both cases, biochemical markers later confirmed the diagnosis of myocardial infarction. Cardiac catheterization ...
Farouque H M Omar - - 2004
An emotionally-distressed, elderly Caucasian woman presented with chest pain and hypertension. Electrocardiogram showed inferior ST-segment elevation, and an urgent cardiac catheterization was performed. Coronary angiography revealed normal appearing coronary arteries; however, left ventriculography showed extensive left ventricular apical akinesis. The patient had a mild rise in cardiac enzyme levels indicative ...
Caceres Manuel - - 2004
A 41-year-old male developed a hemothorax after sustaining a stab wound in the right chest. The patient was managed conservatively with thoracostomy tube drainage for 3 days and was subsequently discharged home. Two weeks later the patient returned to the hospital with pleuritic chest pain and shortness of breath. Imaging ...
Michaelides Andreas P - - 2004
A case of a 25-year-old woman with familiar hypercholesterolemia, who was admitted complaining for chest pain on exertion, is presented. She underwent a treadmill stress test and during the exercise left bundle branch block with concomitant chest pain in low heart rate (105/min) was demonstrated. After these findings TL-201 scintigraphy ...
Eskola Markku J - - 2004
Treatment of acute myocardial infarction has changed considerably during the last few years with the introduction of primary coronary angioplasty. In the acute phase risk stratification is largely based on simple clinical parameters, laboratory markers of myocardial injury and 12-lead electrocardiography. The electrocardiogram is of crucial importance especially during the ...
Morandi Fabrizio - - 2004
Transient left ventricular apical ballooning, sometimes associated with intraventricular pressure gradient, is a condition simulating an acute myocardial infarction and may occur in patients presenting with chest pain, electrocardiographic changes and minimal myocardial enzyme release typically without coronary angiographic stenosis. It was originally described in the Japanese population and is ...
Lupi Gabriele - - 2004
A 67-year-old woman was admitted to the coronary care unit for chest pain with ECG modifications suggestive of acute myocardial infarction. The clinical course of the disease and the absence of abnormalities of the epicardial vessels with reversible asynergy of the apical segments of the left ventricle were suggestive of ...
Atar Shaul - - 2004
This study examined the utility and accuracy of immediate hand-carried echocardiography in patients presenting to the emergency room with chest pain and a normal or nondiagnostic electrocardiogram. Hand-carried echocardiography was highly concordant (kappa = 0.8) with troponin T tests as well as the discharge diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome, had ...
Kojima Sunao - - 2004
A 71-year-old man with exertional chest pain was admitted to the hospital. A chest roentgenogram exhibited levoposition of the heart. An electrocardiogram showed clockwise rotation in the precordial leads and ST depression in V6, V7, V8, and V9 as well as in II, III, aVF leads associated with chest pain ...
Gheno Giuseppe - - 2004
Background: The management of patients admitted to an internal medicine ward frequently requires echocardiography, which may often be delayed because of overburdened specialist cardiologist services. The availability of appropriate echocardiography may be improved if internists first perform autonomous echocardiography on their cardiac patients. Our 5-year experience with such a model ...
Bassan Roberto - - 2004
Identifying acute coronary syndrome is a difficult task in the emergency department because symptoms may be atypical and the electrocardiogram has low sensitivity. In this prospective cohort study done in a tertiary community emergency hospital, we developed and tested a neural diagnostic tree in 566 consecutive patients with chest pain ...
Marks David S - - 2004
Patients with chest pain/ischemic cardiac disease and normal coronary arteriography are thought to have a benign prognosis despite diminished quality of life. Many patients with hypertension fall into this group, at least in the early stage of their disease. Whether abnormalities in coronary flow reserve in these patients are associated ...
Choong Kevin K L - - 2004
A 58-year-old woman with a previous anterior myocardial infarction, recurrent chest pain, transient adenosine-induced left ventricular dilatation but no apparent epicardial disease on angiography is presented. Transient ischemic dilatation during myocardial perfusion imaging, and the reported causes of transient left ventricular dilatation in the absence of epicardial disease, are discussed.
Makaryus Amgad N - - 2004
The early recognition and treatment of hydatid disease of the heart is important as it can result in potentially lethal complications. We present the clinical and echocardiographic features of a 71 year old Afghanistani man who presented with left-sided chest pain. Transthoracic (TTE), transesophageal (TEE), and contrast echo demonstrated a ...
Bugiardini Raffaele - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for women with chest pain and angiographically normal coronary arteries is believed to be totally benign. Previous studies, however, did not account for the delay of a decade or so in the development of coronary artery disease that women may experience. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study assessed ...
Rotondo Noelle - - 2004
The 12-lead electrocardiogram (EKG) is an important tool in evaluating the patient with acute myocardial infarction (MI). Patients with acute inferior wall myocardial infarction (IWMI) represent a heterogeneous group in terms of morbidity, mortality, Emergency Department (ED) management, and site of occlusion in the culprit coronary artery. The standard 12-lead ...
Su Ho-Ming - - 2004
Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a severe complication of acute myocardial infarction and has a high mortality rate. This complication appears to have declined in the reperfusion era. It has mostly been reported in elderly or female patients who suffer from anterior wall infarction, patients with multivessel coronary artery disease ...
Cheng Hui-Wen - - 2004
Intramyocardial hematoma is an uncommon entity and may occur after myocardial infarction, coronary balloon angioplasty, cardiac operation, or chest trauma. It has even been noted to occur spontaneously. This report describes a 62-year-old woman who presented with a recent exacerbation of exertional dyspnea and without a history of chest pain ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >