Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1175
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Pai M - - 2006
Cardiac contusion is an infrequent complication of blunt chest trauma. The definite diagnosis of myocardial contusion is complex and needs a number of examinations such as electrocardiography, echocardiography, cardiac enzyme and radionuclide perfusion scan. We present a patient who had a blunt chest trauma from a car accident resulting in ...
He Hongying - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Despite the dual blood supply to the lung, acute pulmonary embolism (PE) can lead to a spectrum of ischemic injury to the lung resulting in infarction and hemorrhage. In this series we systematically describe the spectrum of CT findings and clinical correlates of pulmonary infarction in patients with PE. ...
Cardinale Daniela - - 2006
A 41-year-old woman who was undergoing oral chemotherapy with capecitabine for metastatic breast cancer presented with recurrent episodes of chest pain associated with electrocardiographic signs of diffuse ST segment elevation. After spontaneous pain relief, the electrocardiogram showed ischemic evolution in the anterior precordial leads. Coronary and ventricular angiography, performed 24 ...
Meyer Mary C - - 2006
We evaluate the safety and feasibility of a critical care pathway protocol in which patients with acute chest pain who are low risk for coronary artery disease and short-term adverse cardiac outcomes receive outpatient stress testing within 72 hours of an emergency department (ED) visit. We performed an observational study ...
Anghileri E - - 2006
The pain of cluster headache attacks is severe, excruciating and selectively responsive to subcutaneous sumatriptan. Serious cardiovascular events attributed to sumatriptan are extremely rare and have most often been reported in patients at significant cardiovascular risk, or in overt cardiovascular disease. They also have occurred, however, in patients without evidence ...
Pelliccia Francesco - - 2006
Among 4,333 patients who were triaged in the emergency department (ED) over a 1-year period in 2003 because of acute chest pain, 1,747 (40%) were stratified as "low risk" on the basis of a Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) risk score of 0 to 2. Results showed that, during ED ...
Cutrer F Michael - - 2006
Exertional headaches may under certain conditions reflect coronary ischemia. We report the case of a patient seen in a neurology referral practice whose exertional headaches, even in the face of two normal electrocardiographic stress tests and in the absence of underlying chest pain were the sole symptoms of coronary ischemia ...
Zajarias Alan - - 2006
Automobile airbags have been universally installed to save lives in motor vehicle accidents, but have also been linked with facial and thoracic burns and chest trauma during rapid deployment. Blunt trauma to the chest may result in electrical and mechanical injuries to the heart and great vessels. We report a ...
Miranda Rafael C - - 2006
The European Society of Cardiology and the American College of Cardiology redefined the concept of myocardial infarction in the presence of highly positive markers of myocardial injury associated with at least one of the following: ischemic symptoms; development of pathologic Q waves on the ECG or ECG changes indicative of ...
Itoh Mitsuru - - 2006
A 38-year-old Japanese man with severe aplastic anemia had invasive pulmonary aspergillosis as a complication. He was treated with amphotericin B for six weeks, but the aspergillosis did not improve. Then he experienced a fatal myocardial infarction. An autopsy revealed disseminated aspergillosis involving pericarditis and Aspergillus embolization to the coronary ...
Aurigemma Gerard P - - 2006
PURPOSE: Transient apical ballooning is increasingly recognized in acutely ill, hospitalized patients. This article reviews clinical aspects of the syndrome, its recognition by echocardiography, and will review other disorders whose recognition is due primarily to the availability of echocardiography. METHODS: Systematic review of the medical literature concerning the syndrome of ...
Ahmed Bina - - 2006
Recognition of cardiovascular disease as the leading healthcare threat to women continues to shape the prioritization of efforts to more effectively diagnose and treat heart disease in women. At its inception almost 8 years ago, the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute in the USA sponsored the Women's Ischemia Syndrome ...
Elian Dan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular apical ballooning, a new syndrome recently described in Japan, is characterized by chest pain, electrocardiographic changes mimicking acute myocardial infarction, and transient apical dyskinesia with normal coronary arteries. Although several studies have defined the clinical characteristics, the prevalence of this syndrome remains unclear. HYPOTHESIS: This study sought ...
Sovari Ali A - - 2006
A 69-year-old white woman presented at our emergency room with right-side pleuritic chest pain, fever, and tachycardia. Results of the physical examination, routine laboratory tests, and chest radiography were unexceptional. An electrocardiogram showed ST elevation in leads V(1) through V(3) with T-wave inversion. Because of the chest pain and the ...
Fulton Jessica A - - 2006
Rizatriptan and zolmitriptan are both used to relieve acute migraine and cluster headaches. The mechanism of action is similar to the other triptans, in that they reverse abnormal cerebral vasodilation through their activity as 5-HT1B receptor agonists. Triptan-induced vasoconstriction is attributed to its activity on peripheral 5-HT1B receptors and has ...
Hwang Seon Young - - 2006
A secondary analysis was conducted from data gathered from 239 patients with acute myocardial infarction presenting to the emergency departments of three hospitals to explore the influence of age on delay time, experienced symptoms, and factors predicting a delay of >1 hour. During hospitalization, a structured interview about the patients' ...
Lippi Giuseppe - - 2006
The diagnostic approach to acute coronary syndromes (ACS) remains one of the most difficult and controversial challenges facing emergency physicians. In recent years, cardiac troponins have emerged as the biochemical "gold standard" for diagnosis of patients with acute chest pain, enhancing our ability to recognize ACS. Early diagnosis and treatment ...
Abi-Saleh Bernard - - 2006
An 82-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with chest pain after sustaining a transient ischemic attack 1 week prior to presentation. Electrocardiography revealed ST-segment elevation in leads I, II, aVF, and V3 through V6. Coronary angiography demonstrated nearly normal coronaries but left ventriculography showed apical akinesis and basal hyperkinesis. ...
Abedin Moeen - - 2006
The TNFalpha inhibitor infliximab is widely used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn disease. Mild infusion reactions consisting of low-grade fever, headache, nausea, and fatigue are common, but we describe for the first time the occurrence of an acute coronary syndrome during infliximab administration. This case alerts infusion ...
Premkumar Vikram - - 2006
Primary cardiac lymphomas are rare. They can be detected incidentally during echocardiography or cardiac operation. They can have various clinical manifestations. We report a case of primary cardiac large B-cell lymphoma in a 66-year-old man with symptoms of chest pain and light-headedness who was found to have a right atrial ...
Gil-Ortega Ignacio - - 2006
Chest pain with normal coronary arteriograms represents a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to contemporary cardiology. Cardiac syndrome X (CSX), defined as typical angina-like chest pain, a positive response to exercise stress testing and normal coronary arteriograms, encompasses patients with a variety of pathogenic mechanisms. Cardiac ischemia has been documented ...
Pollack Charles V CV - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Patients presenting with chest pain or related symptoms suggestive of myocardial ischemia, without ST-segment elevation (NSTE) on their presenting electrocardiograms, often present a diagnostic challenge in the emergency department (ED). Prompt and accurate risk stratification to identify those patients with NSTE chest pain who are at highest risk for ...
Yilmaz Remzi - - 2005
In this case report, we describe a 67-year-old woman with right coronary artery-coronary sinus fistula. This woman had complaints of chest pain. Ischemic ECG changes and a ventricular tachycardia were detected on her electrocardiogram. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a large right coronary artery and a dilated coronary sinus. Drainage of the ...
Kachintorn Udom - - 2005
Noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) is a heterogeneous disorder associated with substantial health-care costs and resource utilization. NCCP is defined by recurrent episodes of substernal chest pain in patients lacking a cardiac cause after a comprehensive evaluation. The magnitude of the problem is quite high because of fear of serious or ...
Park Chul-Soo - - 2006
To evaluate the relation between peripheral vascular endothelial function and coronary flow reserve (CFR), we assessed flow mediated dilation (FMD) of brachial artery and the intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery in 32 subjects (mean age 58+/-9 years, M/F=9:23 ) with chest pain and normal coronary angiogram. The subjects ...
Schrader Carsten - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Paclitaxel (Taxol) is an anticancer agent used for the treatment of breast and ovarian cancer. The major side effects are bone marrow suppression, alopecia, polyneuropathy and cardiac toxicity like bradycardia, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure and cardiac death. SETTING: Intensive care unit (ICU) of a university hospital. PATIENT: We ...
Kohn Michael A - - 2005
A retrospective cohort study and chart review were performed to estimate the absolute and relative prevalence of the serious diagnoses that might cause a patient to present to the Emergency Department (ED) with a chief complaint of chest pain. In this study, we queried a database of 347,229 complete visits ...
Tsai Tsung-Neng - - 2005
A 53-year-old man experienced persistent chest pain followed by slight shortness of breath after being hit in the chest by a stranger. Chest X-ray study showed no rib fractures but electrocardiography indicated acute anterior wall myocardial infarction. Echocardiography revealed akinesia in both the interventricular septum and anterior left ventricular wall. ...
McCord James - - 2005
The usefulness of electron beam CT (EBCT) for the risk stratification of patients in the emergency department (ED) who have possible acute coronary syndrome has been evaluated in three small studies. The results of these studies are promising, as patients who have no coronary calcium detected by EBCT essentially had ...
Galindo Michael - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A 24-year-old woman with an 11-year history of systemic lupus erythematosus presented with exacerbation of chronic abdominal pain followed by substernal chest pain. She had a history of pericarditis secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus and of varicella-zoster reactivation secondary to immunosuppression. Long-term medications included prednisolone, hydroxychloroquine, aspirin, and mycophenolate ...
Christenson Jim - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Current risk stratification tools do not identify very-low-risk patients who can be safely discharged without prolonged emergency department (ED) observation, expensive rule-out protocols, or provocative testing. We seek to develop a clinical prediction rule applicable within 2 hours of ED arrival that would miss fewer than 2% of ...
Clemmensen Peter - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Time to reperfusion is critical for outcome in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). In our region, patients are routinely treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI), but rerouting patients from the primary receiving hospital to a catheterization center can cause unacceptable delays that may exceed 1 hour in ...
Khalil Siddiq - - 2005
We report a case of 54-year-old man who presented to hospital with severe prolonged retrosternal chest pain of anginal nature. Electrocardiogram taken by his general practitioner showed minimal ST elevation in chest leads V1 and V2; there was also marked right axis deviation of P wave (negative in lead I ...
Salanitri J C - - 2005
The case report of an 88-year-old woman with dextroversion and acute anterior wall myocardial infarction is presented. The patient, who had been diagnosed with dextrocardia 3 years prior to this admission, presented with right-sided chest pain. Coronary angiography demonstrated an 80% proximal left anterior descending artery stenosis which was successfully ...
Birnie D H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether antibodies to human heat shock protein 60 (anti-huhsp60) or to mycobacterial heat shock protein 65 (anti-mhsp65) predict an adverse one year prognosis in patients admitted with acute cardiac chest pain. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Teaching hospital. PATIENTS: 588 consecutive emergency admissions of patients with acute ...
Luoma Jukka S - - 2005
Autoantibodies against oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) predict the progression of atherosclerosis. Several studies have shown that oxLDL is present in atherosclerotic lesions and that several factors present in active atherosclerotic plaques can oxidatively modify LDL. Oxidation of LDL induces production of autoantibodies against oxLDL (oxLDLab) that can be measured using ...
Desai A - - 2005
The evaluation of adolescents with chest pain, elevated cardiac enzymes, and abnormal electrocardiograms (ECGs) continues to pose diagnostic and management dilemmas. Myocardial infarction is an uncommon finding in this population and alternative diagnoses must be considered. Our database was retrospectively reviewed for adolescents age 16-18 years without prior cardiac history ...
Mazinis Emmanuel - - 2005
A 25-yr old female with a 12-month history of orofacial trauma was referred to us with acute pain with positive percussion of the left mandibular first premolar and swelling in the left-posterior mandibular area. The diagnosis was pulpal necrosis with acute apical abscess. Both preoperative and length determination radiographs revealed ...
Sanchis Juan - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to develop a risk score for patients with chest pain, non-ST-segment deviation electrocardiogram (ECG), and normal troponin levels. BACKGROUND: Prognosis assessment in this population remains a challenge. METHODS: A total of 646 consecutive patients were evaluated by clinical history (risk factors and chest ...
White Charles S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine whether MDCT can provide a comprehensive assessment of cardiac and noncardiac causes of chest pain in stable emergency department patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients with chest pain who presented to the emergency department without definitive findings of acute myocardial infarction based ...
Tepe Savas M - - 2006
A case of left ventricular lateral wall myocardial infarction in the distribution of circumflex coronary artery (LCX) was demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging in a 55-year-old woman. Dissection of the proximal LCX due to blunt chest trauma was followed by percutaneous coronary artery stenting. MR (magnetic resonance) imaging of myocardial ...
Baw Bandar - - 2005
Modern air-nailing tools are known to cause penetrating trauma. We report the unusual case of a pneumatically fired carpenter's nail that penetrated the chest of a 30-year-old man and subsequently embolized from the heart to the left femoral artery without clinical evidence of having entered the heart. The nail was ...
Goda Ayumi - - 2005
A 65-year-old man with Brugada-type electrocardiogram (ECG) was admitted to our hospital for chest pain, palpitation and faintness. In the cardiac electrophysiological study, no ventricular tachyarrthymia was induced either at baseline or after pilsicainide (50 mg) infusion. Intravenous administration of pilsicainide exaggerated ST-segment elevation in V(1-4) and converted it to ...
Gorenberg M - - 2005
Recent advances in the treatment of acute coronary syndromes has raised awareness that prompt presentation for chest pain may be life saving. Most patients presenting with chest discomfort have a non-ischaemic ECG on presentation, but are routinely admitted to hospital because of diagnostic uncertainty for occult MI or ischaemia. We ...
Worster Andrew - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) has been suggested as a marker of cardiac ischemia. Little, however, is known about its capacity to predict short-term serious cardiac outcomes (death, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, serious arrhythmia, or refractory ischemic cardiac pain) in patients arriving at the emergency department with symptoms that may ...
Planer David - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Many patients presenting with chest pain to their family physician are referred to the emergency room, in part, due to lack of accurate objective diagnostic tools. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic value of bedside troponin T kit testing in patients presenting with chest pain to their family ...
Christensen Mette Damkjaer - - 2006
Prompted by a case where a patient (with no risk factors, and single vessel disease) developed angina pectoris after previous blunt chest trauma, we searched Medline for blunt chest trauma and myocardial ischaemia. We found 77 cases describing AMI after blunt chest trauma, but only one reporting angina pectoris. We ...
Mansi L - - 2005
The role of a procedure depends not only on its own capabilities but also on a cost/effective comparison with alternative techniques giving similar information. Starting from the definition of emergency as a sudden unexpected occurrence demanding immediate action, the role of nuclear medicine (NM) is difficult to identify if it ...
Al-Safi Saafan A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Chest pain is one of the main and most frequent manifestations of myocardial infarction (MI). Increased level of public awareness on the optimal response to chest pain due to MI attacks is crucial for minimizing its complications and mortality rate. AIMS: The first aim of this investigation was to ...
Eggers Kai M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic value of point of care troponin I (TnI) results in combination with findings from the admission electrocardiogram (ECG) in patients with chest pain. METHODS: Rapid measurements of TnI were performed in 191 consecutive patients with chest pain and a non-diagnostic ECG for myocardial infarction. RESULTS: ...
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