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Results 551 - 600 of 1186
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Pettitt Timothy W - - 2002
A newborn who had undergone Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome developed a voluminous chylothorax that persisted despite weeks of prolonged complete bowel rest, total parenteral nutrition, and effective chest tube drainage. Chest tube output diminished immediately following initiation of intravenous somatostatin, allowing restoration of full enteral feeds and ...
Kaski Juan Carlos - - 2002
Cardiac syndrome X, a condition defined by the presence of angina-like chest pain, a positive response to stress testing and normal coronary arteriograms, has been shown to occur in approximately 20--30% of angina patients undergoing coronary arteriography. The prevalence of syndrome X is significantly higher in women compared to men. ...
Akashi Y J - - 2002
An 83 year old woman presented to the emergency department with chest pain and dyspnoea. Chest radiography showed pneumothorax of the left lung. Arteries were normal on coronary angiography. Left ventriculography showed asynergy of apical akinesis and basal hyperkinesis. Within 18 days, the asynergy improved without any specific treatment. In ...
Tsukamoto Masaki - - 2002
We discuss the case of a 61-year-old male patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and chest pain on exertion. Coronary angiography and intravascular ultrasound revealed an intermediate stenosis in the proximal site of the left anterior descending artery, while Tc-99m myocardial scintigraphy revealed exercise-induced myocardial ischemia in the anteroseptal wall and apical ...
Byrne J - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The recent National Service Framework for coronary heart disease advocates the establishment of rapid assessment clinics for chest pain. But how should these clinics be organised and do they fulfil their objectives? The aim of this study was to compare referral patterns to a daily and a weekly "one ...
Shriki Jabi E - - 2002
We report a case of chronic gastric volvulus associated with left atrial compression in a 75-year-old woman who presented with chest pain, shortness of breath, and hypotension after elective hemiarthroplasty of the left hip. The patient's medical history included a paraesophageal hernia and gastric volvulus diagnosed in 1997 but left ...
Koh Dow-Mu - - 2002
Transthoracic ultrasound (US) of the chest is useful in the evaluation of a wide range of peripheral parenchymal, pleural, and chest wall diseases. Furthermore, it is increasingly used to guide interventional procedures of the chest and pleural space. The technique lends itself to bedside use in the intensive care unit, ...
Chu William W - - 2002
Acute coronary syndromes remain the leading cause of mortality in the United States and represent an enormous cost to the health care system. Despite decades of investigation into the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (MI), the diagnostic process is still quite complex because the majority of patients with chest pain ...
Beltrame John F - - 2002
The coronary slow flow phenomenon is an angiographic finding characterized by delayed distal vessel opacification in the absence of significant epicardial coronary disease. Case-control and observational studies of patients with this phenomenon were conducted to determine the associated clinical features and prognosis. Patients with coronary slow flow (n = 47) ...
Osula S - - 2002
The case report in this review illustrates an acute myocardial infarction in a young adult probably due to arterial thrombosis that can be attributed to a hypercoagulable state resulting from the nephrotic syndrome. Although rare, acute myocardial infarction should be considered in young adults presenting with chest pain. A detailed ...
Roth Thierry - - 2002
A 33-year-old patient was hospitalized after a blunt chest trauma with a left flail chest. Six hours after admission to the intensive care unit the patient suddenly developed hypotension and tachycardia. His left chest tube drained 1.5 l of blood within minutes. Immediate resuscitation and emergency sternotomy with left anterolateral ...
Dougan J P - - 2001
We prospectively evaluated a rapid-access chest pain clinic in terms of clinical diagnoses, outcomes, morbidity and mortality at 3 months follow-up in patients, and cost-effectiveness. All patients seen at the clinic from February 1999 to December 2000 were assessed. Referring doctors indicated the management they would have provided had the ...
Martinez-Lopez J I - - 2001
A 64-year-old man came to the hospital complaining of recurrent chest pain and shortness of breath for the previous two days. Diagnoses included diabetes mellitus and hypertension for about six years and documented coronary artery disease. He was not compliant with treatment for any of these disorders. The initial 12-lead ...
Dorsch M F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features, prognosis, and treatment of patients presenting with atypical forms of acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN: Consecutive cases of possible acute myocardial infarction were sought from coronary care registers, biochemistry records, and hospital management systems. Case notes were reviewed and predefined epidemiological and clinical variables were ...
Gregoratos G - - 2001
Coronary artery disease is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly in the United States. In this age group, the clinical presentation of coronary heart disease can be quite atypical. In general, the incidence of typical precordial chest pressure/pain denoting myocardial ischemia is less common, whereas dyspnea ...
Darok M - - 2001
Cardiac contusion is a common concomitant injury in blunt, non-penetrating chest trauma and is mostly a benign disorder which remains undiagnosed. In the case presented, a young man sustained a single blunt trauma to the chest from falling pieces of a wooden wheel and died at the scene. Among other ...
Wright R S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Community education programmes focused on raising public awareness of the symptomatology of acute coronary syndromes have had mixed results. OBJECTIVES: The Wabasha Heart Attack Team project, a unique multidisciplinary public education effort in Minnesota, sought to educate area citizens about signs and symptoms of acute myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: ...
Auer J - - 2001
Cardiac ischemia typically causes chest pain, variously radiating elsewhere. Convergence of cardiac nerve fibers on central pathways receiving somatic afferents from the head is likely to be responsible for the perception of cardiac ischemic pain as headache. A 47-year-old man was admitted to the emergency room of our hospital with ...
Ben-Gal T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of hospitalized patients with chest pain and non-diagnostic electrocardiogram is problematic and the optimal cost-effective strategy for their management controversial. OBJECTIVES: To determine the utility of myocardial perfusion imaging with thallium-201 for predicting outcome of hospitalized patients with chest pain and a normal or non-diagnostic ECG. METHODS: ...
Kohlmann C W - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Vigilance to, and avoidance of, cardiac sensations and symptoms were explored in three studies. DESIGN AND METHODS: In the first study, a self-report measure of cardiac vigilance and cardiac avoidance, the Cardiac Coping Inventory (CCI), was administered to 453 students, and its factor structure, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability ...
Fesmire F M - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the use in routine clinical practice of selective dual nuclear cardiac scanning (rest and stress) in low-risk patients with chest pain for identifying and excluding acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) during the initial emergency department evaluation. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted over 13 ...
Dakik H A - - 2001
Chest pain is one of the frequent complaints in patients presenting to emergency rooms and ambulatory care clinics. For the primary care physician evaluating these patients, there are three essential steps in the evaluation of chest pain. The first step is to determine whether the chest pain is cardiac in ...
Herren K R - - 2001
To assess the clinical efficacy and accuracy of an emergency department based six hour rule-out protocol for myocardial damage. Diagnostic cohort study. Emergency department of an inner city university hospital. 383 consecutive patients aged over 25 years with chest pain of less than 12 hours' duration who were at low ...
Al Suwaidi J J Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2001
Chest pain syndromes in patients with normal angiographic findings represent a multifactorial pathophysiologic state, which may range from abnormalities in pain perception to abnormalities in endothelial- and non-endothelial-dependent coronary flow reserve associated with myocardial ischemia. Treatment begins with an accurate diagnosis by obtaining a comprehensive history and performing a physical ...
Walsh P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: In blunt chest trauma, the right ventricle is more vulnerable than the left. The purpose of this study was to determine whether recording V4R in patients with blunt chest trauma would provide additional useful information to that already obtained from the standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). METHODS: Forty-five patients with ...
Antonios T F - - 2001
AIMS: Patients with arterial hypertension often have a reduction in capillary density (rarefaction) and a reduction in coronary flow reserve because of functional and structural alterations of the coronary microcirculation. Patients with chest pain and normal coronary arteriograms may have coronary microvascular dysfunction, but it is not known whether capillary ...
De Hert S G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of the pericardium on the length-dependent regulation of myocardial function in coronary artery surgery patients. DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients scheduled for elective coronary artery surgery. INTERVENTIONS: In 10 patients, a combined micromanometer transducer conductance catheter was inserted into the left ventricle for ...
Lateef F - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To compare the 30-day cardiac event rate between patients aged at least 60 years (geriatric group) with those younger than 60 (younger group), who were enrolled in an Emergency department-based chest pain centre management protocol. METHODOLOGY: This was a retrospective, cohort study done at the Centre for Emergency Care ...
Pederson K J - - 2001
A 21-year-old man presented to the emergency department with atypical chest pain, diaphoresis and shortness of breath. His electrocardiogram revealed ST segment elevation in leads II, III, aVF, V5 and V6, elevated creatine kinase-MB subunit levels and positive troponin I. He denied the use of cocaine, and smoking was his ...
Wu E B - - 2001
'Typical' or 'atypical' are universally used descriptions of chest pain, but they are limited by subjectivity. This study tested the ability of a semi-objective chest pain score to predict the likelihood of coronary disease. A chest pain questionnaire was given to 250 patients with stable chest pain attending coronary angiography. ...
Christiaens L - - 2001
This study assessed the clinical or echographic factors predisposing to dynamic left ventricular obstruction (LVO) during dobutamine echocardiography (DE) in patients with angina-like chest pain but without coronary artery disease (CAD). DE is an effective technique for the noninvasive diagnosis of underlying CAD. During DE, an LVO is not unusual ...
Jones I D - - 2001
The emergency physician must have a high degree of suspicion for myocardial ischemia in patients presenting with no obvious for their chest pain. The role of the emergency physician is to determine a relative risk for each patient and to order the appropriate studies to minimize the risk of missed ...
Atalar E - - 2001
Myocardial infarction in patients under age 45 years is a relatively unusual phenomenon; blunt chest trauma is one of the nonatherosclerotic mechanisms leading to acute myocardial infarction in young adults. The authors report a rare case of anterior myocardial infarction in a 22-year-old man following a mild nonpenetrating chest trauma ...
Mölzer G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In patients with suspected coronary heart disease and normal angiography, the causes of cardiac symptoms frequently remain undetermined. A correct diagnosis is desirable, however, since some of the underlying disorders may be curable, treatable, influence prognosis, or induce screening of the relatives. HYPOTHESIS: In such patients, the prevalence of ...
Sgarbossa E B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Over the past 2 decades, the 12-lead electrocardiogram has attained special significance for the diagnosis and triage of patients with chest pain because timely detection of myocardial injury and a rapid assessment of myocardium at risk proved pivotal to implementing effective reperfusion therapies during acute myocardial infarction. However, this ...
Brezins Marc - - 2001
Penetrating chest wounds are frequent. When involving the heart, they usually cause tamponade. In our case, caused by an awl, laceration of the LAD occured without intrapericardial bleeding. The coronary angiography demonstrates the damage to the wall of the LAD.
Backmund M - - 2001
Chest pain and myocardial infarction occurring in young people with angiographically normal coronary arteries is well documented. Opiates have a cardioprotective effect and are used in acute heart attacks. We described a 22-year-old opioid addicted male patient who suffered a myocardial infarction following the consumption of methadone and dihydrocodeine.
Chen C Y - - 2001
Langerhans' cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an uncommon disease with variable manifestations. We report a case of LCH with the unusual initial presentations of chest pain and progressive heart failure in a 5-year-old boy. Chest radiography revealed a wide mediastinum with cardiomegaly. Electrocardiography showed first-degree atrioventricular block and an inverted T ...
Tsoukas A - - 2001
A 46-year-old male patient developed an acute myocardial infarction and congestive heart failure following blunt chest trauma. Electrocardiogram (ECG) revealed acute anterior myocardial infarction. Echocardiography showed akinesis of interventricular septum, dyskinesis in apical anterior wall, and severe impairment of left ventricular overall systolic function. Coronary angiography revealed normal coronary arteries. ...
Link M S - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: In an experimental model of sudden death from chest wall impact (commotio cordis), we sought to define the chest wall areas important in the initiation of ventricular fibrillation (VF). BACKGROUND: Sudden death can result from an innocent chest blow by a baseball or other projectile. Observations in humans suggest ...
Lateef F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the 30-day outcomes of patients enrolled in a 6-hour and 9-hour emergency department (ED)-based chest pain centre (CPC) protocol. METHODS: All patients with the chief complaint of chest pain, who were older than 25 years, or with cocaine usage within 96 hours of initial presentation, were eligible ...
Brady W J - - 2001
Atropine has also been suggested to potentially worsen the ischemic situation in patients who are in the midst of acute coronary ischemia. We report the case of a female patient with ischemic chest pain and third degree atrioventricular block who developed acute myocardial infarction (AMI) immediately after atropine administration. The ...
Summers R L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: One possible factor resulting in delays in using reperfusion therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the failure to recognize cardiac symptomatology early in certain subgroups of patients. These patients may undergo extensive evaluation for gastrointestinal or musculoskeletal complaints before it is recognized that they are suffering ...
Gershlick A H - - 2001
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common and potentially fatal condition. Primary prevention by reducing the risk of developing coronary atheroma disease has had an important effect on the incidence of the disease. However, for many, the first clinical presentation of their coronary atheroma is the development of acute coronary ...
Dillon G A - - 2001
When should an acute coronary event be suspected in a young woman with chest pain? Coronary artery disease is not common in such patients, but the possibility should not be discounted. Correct characterization of the pain, along with presence of known risk factors for CAD, can lead to an accurate ...
Glover C L CL - - 2000
The objective of this pilot study was to determine clinical predictors of adverse outcome, defined as myocardial infarction, angioplasy or stent placement, coronary artery bypass graft, or death, within 60 days for patients discharged from the emergency department with a presenting complaint of chest pain. All patients presenting to the ...
Vincent G M - - 2000
Commotio cordis is arrhythmia or sudden death from low-impact, blunt trauma to the chest without apparent heart injury. Ventricular fibrillation is the most common associated arrhythmia, and heart block, bundle branch block, and ST-segment elevation are also seen. Commotio cordis occurs most commonly in baseball but has also been reported ...
Rogers F J - - 2000
More than 5 million Americans visit hospital emergency departments each year with the complaint of chest pain. Two million patients are admitted to hospitals because of chest pain, but the diagnosis of coronary heart disease is confirmed in only one fourth of them. Acute coronary syndrome represents a clinical syndrome ...
Bar-Or D - - 2000
We initially observed a phenomenon of reduced in vitro binding of exogenous cobalt [Co(II)] to the N-terminus of human serum albumin (HSA) in emergency chest pain patients with early onset unstable angina and myocardial infarction. We then developed a colorimetric assay to measure cobalt-HSA binding and record the results in ...
Cheshire W P WP Jr Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Fla 32224, - - 2000
Severe chest pain resembling angina pectoris in a 42-year-old man preceded the development of neurologic signs, distracting from recognition of the acute infarction of the cervical spinal cord responsible for his pain. Consistent with a spinal origin of chest pain were the absence of any evidence of cardiac disease and ...
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