Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1175
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Dougan J P - - 2001
We prospectively evaluated a rapid-access chest pain clinic in terms of clinical diagnoses, outcomes, morbidity and mortality at 3 months follow-up in patients, and cost-effectiveness. All patients seen at the clinic from February 1999 to December 2000 were assessed. Referring doctors indicated the management they would have provided had the ...
Martinez-Lopez J I - - 2001
A 64-year-old man came to the hospital complaining of recurrent chest pain and shortness of breath for the previous two days. Diagnoses included diabetes mellitus and hypertension for about six years and documented coronary artery disease. He was not compliant with treatment for any of these disorders. The initial 12-lead ...
Dorsch M F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features, prognosis, and treatment of patients presenting with atypical forms of acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN: Consecutive cases of possible acute myocardial infarction were sought from coronary care registers, biochemistry records, and hospital management systems. Case notes were reviewed and predefined epidemiological and clinical variables were ...
Gregoratos G - - 2001
Coronary artery disease is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly in the United States. In this age group, the clinical presentation of coronary heart disease can be quite atypical. In general, the incidence of typical precordial chest pressure/pain denoting myocardial ischemia is less common, whereas dyspnea ...
Darok M - - 2001
Cardiac contusion is a common concomitant injury in blunt, non-penetrating chest trauma and is mostly a benign disorder which remains undiagnosed. In the case presented, a young man sustained a single blunt trauma to the chest from falling pieces of a wooden wheel and died at the scene. Among other ...
Wright R S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Community education programmes focused on raising public awareness of the symptomatology of acute coronary syndromes have had mixed results. OBJECTIVES: The Wabasha Heart Attack Team project, a unique multidisciplinary public education effort in Minnesota, sought to educate area citizens about signs and symptoms of acute myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: ...
Auer J - - 2001
Cardiac ischemia typically causes chest pain, variously radiating elsewhere. Convergence of cardiac nerve fibers on central pathways receiving somatic afferents from the head is likely to be responsible for the perception of cardiac ischemic pain as headache. A 47-year-old man was admitted to the emergency room of our hospital with ...
Ben-Gal T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of hospitalized patients with chest pain and non-diagnostic electrocardiogram is problematic and the optimal cost-effective strategy for their management controversial. OBJECTIVES: To determine the utility of myocardial perfusion imaging with thallium-201 for predicting outcome of hospitalized patients with chest pain and a normal or non-diagnostic ECG. METHODS: ...
Kohlmann C W - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Vigilance to, and avoidance of, cardiac sensations and symptoms were explored in three studies. DESIGN AND METHODS: In the first study, a self-report measure of cardiac vigilance and cardiac avoidance, the Cardiac Coping Inventory (CCI), was administered to 453 students, and its factor structure, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability ...
Fesmire F M - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the use in routine clinical practice of selective dual nuclear cardiac scanning (rest and stress) in low-risk patients with chest pain for identifying and excluding acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) during the initial emergency department evaluation. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted over 13 ...
Dakik H A - - 2001
Chest pain is one of the frequent complaints in patients presenting to emergency rooms and ambulatory care clinics. For the primary care physician evaluating these patients, there are three essential steps in the evaluation of chest pain. The first step is to determine whether the chest pain is cardiac in ...
Herren K R - - 2001
To assess the clinical efficacy and accuracy of an emergency department based six hour rule-out protocol for myocardial damage. Diagnostic cohort study. Emergency department of an inner city university hospital. 383 consecutive patients aged over 25 years with chest pain of less than 12 hours' duration who were at low ...
Al Suwaidi J J Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2001
Chest pain syndromes in patients with normal angiographic findings represent a multifactorial pathophysiologic state, which may range from abnormalities in pain perception to abnormalities in endothelial- and non-endothelial-dependent coronary flow reserve associated with myocardial ischemia. Treatment begins with an accurate diagnosis by obtaining a comprehensive history and performing a physical ...
Walsh P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: In blunt chest trauma, the right ventricle is more vulnerable than the left. The purpose of this study was to determine whether recording V4R in patients with blunt chest trauma would provide additional useful information to that already obtained from the standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). METHODS: Forty-five patients with ...
Antonios T F - - 2001
AIMS: Patients with arterial hypertension often have a reduction in capillary density (rarefaction) and a reduction in coronary flow reserve because of functional and structural alterations of the coronary microcirculation. Patients with chest pain and normal coronary arteriograms may have coronary microvascular dysfunction, but it is not known whether capillary ...
De Hert S G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of the pericardium on the length-dependent regulation of myocardial function in coronary artery surgery patients. DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients scheduled for elective coronary artery surgery. INTERVENTIONS: In 10 patients, a combined micromanometer transducer conductance catheter was inserted into the left ventricle for ...
Lateef F - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To compare the 30-day cardiac event rate between patients aged at least 60 years (geriatric group) with those younger than 60 (younger group), who were enrolled in an Emergency department-based chest pain centre management protocol. METHODOLOGY: This was a retrospective, cohort study done at the Centre for Emergency Care ...
Pederson K J - - 2001
A 21-year-old man presented to the emergency department with atypical chest pain, diaphoresis and shortness of breath. His electrocardiogram revealed ST segment elevation in leads II, III, aVF, V5 and V6, elevated creatine kinase-MB subunit levels and positive troponin I. He denied the use of cocaine, and smoking was his ...
Wu E B - - 2001
'Typical' or 'atypical' are universally used descriptions of chest pain, but they are limited by subjectivity. This study tested the ability of a semi-objective chest pain score to predict the likelihood of coronary disease. A chest pain questionnaire was given to 250 patients with stable chest pain attending coronary angiography. ...
Christiaens L - - 2001
This study assessed the clinical or echographic factors predisposing to dynamic left ventricular obstruction (LVO) during dobutamine echocardiography (DE) in patients with angina-like chest pain but without coronary artery disease (CAD). DE is an effective technique for the noninvasive diagnosis of underlying CAD. During DE, an LVO is not unusual ...
Jones I D - - 2001
The emergency physician must have a high degree of suspicion for myocardial ischemia in patients presenting with no obvious for their chest pain. The role of the emergency physician is to determine a relative risk for each patient and to order the appropriate studies to minimize the risk of missed ...
Atalar E - - 2001
Myocardial infarction in patients under age 45 years is a relatively unusual phenomenon; blunt chest trauma is one of the nonatherosclerotic mechanisms leading to acute myocardial infarction in young adults. The authors report a rare case of anterior myocardial infarction in a 22-year-old man following a mild nonpenetrating chest trauma ...
Mölzer G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In patients with suspected coronary heart disease and normal angiography, the causes of cardiac symptoms frequently remain undetermined. A correct diagnosis is desirable, however, since some of the underlying disorders may be curable, treatable, influence prognosis, or induce screening of the relatives. HYPOTHESIS: In such patients, the prevalence of ...
Sgarbossa E B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Over the past 2 decades, the 12-lead electrocardiogram has attained special significance for the diagnosis and triage of patients with chest pain because timely detection of myocardial injury and a rapid assessment of myocardium at risk proved pivotal to implementing effective reperfusion therapies during acute myocardial infarction. However, this ...
Brezins Marc - - 2001
Penetrating chest wounds are frequent. When involving the heart, they usually cause tamponade. In our case, caused by an awl, laceration of the LAD occured without intrapericardial bleeding. The coronary angiography demonstrates the damage to the wall of the LAD.
Backmund M - - 2001
Chest pain and myocardial infarction occurring in young people with angiographically normal coronary arteries is well documented. Opiates have a cardioprotective effect and are used in acute heart attacks. We described a 22-year-old opioid addicted male patient who suffered a myocardial infarction following the consumption of methadone and dihydrocodeine.
Chen C Y - - 2001
Langerhans' cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an uncommon disease with variable manifestations. We report a case of LCH with the unusual initial presentations of chest pain and progressive heart failure in a 5-year-old boy. Chest radiography revealed a wide mediastinum with cardiomegaly. Electrocardiography showed first-degree atrioventricular block and an inverted T ...
Tsoukas A - - 2001
A 46-year-old male patient developed an acute myocardial infarction and congestive heart failure following blunt chest trauma. Electrocardiogram (ECG) revealed acute anterior myocardial infarction. Echocardiography showed akinesis of interventricular septum, dyskinesis in apical anterior wall, and severe impairment of left ventricular overall systolic function. Coronary angiography revealed normal coronary arteries. ...
Link M S - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: In an experimental model of sudden death from chest wall impact (commotio cordis), we sought to define the chest wall areas important in the initiation of ventricular fibrillation (VF). BACKGROUND: Sudden death can result from an innocent chest blow by a baseball or other projectile. Observations in humans suggest ...
Lateef F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the 30-day outcomes of patients enrolled in a 6-hour and 9-hour emergency department (ED)-based chest pain centre (CPC) protocol. METHODS: All patients with the chief complaint of chest pain, who were older than 25 years, or with cocaine usage within 96 hours of initial presentation, were eligible ...
Brady W J - - 2001
Atropine has also been suggested to potentially worsen the ischemic situation in patients who are in the midst of acute coronary ischemia. We report the case of a female patient with ischemic chest pain and third degree atrioventricular block who developed acute myocardial infarction (AMI) immediately after atropine administration. The ...
Summers R L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: One possible factor resulting in delays in using reperfusion therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the failure to recognize cardiac symptomatology early in certain subgroups of patients. These patients may undergo extensive evaluation for gastrointestinal or musculoskeletal complaints before it is recognized that they are suffering ...
Gershlick A H - - 2001
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common and potentially fatal condition. Primary prevention by reducing the risk of developing coronary atheroma disease has had an important effect on the incidence of the disease. However, for many, the first clinical presentation of their coronary atheroma is the development of acute coronary ...
Dillon G A - - 2001
When should an acute coronary event be suspected in a young woman with chest pain? Coronary artery disease is not common in such patients, but the possibility should not be discounted. Correct characterization of the pain, along with presence of known risk factors for CAD, can lead to an accurate ...
Glover C L CL - - 2000
The objective of this pilot study was to determine clinical predictors of adverse outcome, defined as myocardial infarction, angioplasy or stent placement, coronary artery bypass graft, or death, within 60 days for patients discharged from the emergency department with a presenting complaint of chest pain. All patients presenting to the ...
Vincent G M - - 2000
Commotio cordis is arrhythmia or sudden death from low-impact, blunt trauma to the chest without apparent heart injury. Ventricular fibrillation is the most common associated arrhythmia, and heart block, bundle branch block, and ST-segment elevation are also seen. Commotio cordis occurs most commonly in baseball but has also been reported ...
Rogers F J - - 2000
More than 5 million Americans visit hospital emergency departments each year with the complaint of chest pain. Two million patients are admitted to hospitals because of chest pain, but the diagnosis of coronary heart disease is confirmed in only one fourth of them. Acute coronary syndrome represents a clinical syndrome ...
Bar-Or D - - 2000
We initially observed a phenomenon of reduced in vitro binding of exogenous cobalt [Co(II)] to the N-terminus of human serum albumin (HSA) in emergency chest pain patients with early onset unstable angina and myocardial infarction. We then developed a colorimetric assay to measure cobalt-HSA binding and record the results in ...
Cheshire W P WP Jr Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Fla 32224, - - 2000
Severe chest pain resembling angina pectoris in a 42-year-old man preceded the development of neurologic signs, distracting from recognition of the acute infarction of the cervical spinal cord responsible for his pain. Consistent with a spinal origin of chest pain were the absence of any evidence of cardiac disease and ...
Mehta T A - - 2000
A young person presenting with shortness of breath is common to the accident and emergency department. Usually this hyperventilation is anxiety related or a panic attack, but sometimes it can be caused by a serious underlying condition like pulmonary embolus. Acute shortness of breath in any patient should never be ...
Herlitz J - - 2000
The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and long-term outcome for patients suffering from acute chest pain in relation to whether or not they were transported to hospital by ambulance. All patients with acute chest pain who were admitted over a 21-month period to the emergency department ...
Obney J A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: It has been standard teaching in cardiac surgery that drainage of the mediastinum following cardiac surgical procedures is best accomplished using rigid large-bore chest tubes. Recent trends in cardiac surgery have suggested less invasive approaches to a variety of diseases. Difficult drainage problems in the field of general surgery ...
Bayes-Genis A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Chest pain is a frequent symptom in the emergency department and often presents a diagnostic challenge. Because coronary thrombosis is a hallmark of acute ischemic syndromes, the substrates of the coagulation and fibrinolysis cascades may be markers of coronary ischemia. The objective of this study was to determine the ...
Liao W B - - 2000
Pheochromocytomas are rare tumors that originate in chromaffin tissue and produce their distant variant effects by secretion of catecholamines, tending to mislead the emergency physicians to a wrong diagnosis. Therefore, we analyze the clinical cardiovascular manifestations in patients with pheochromocytoma to improve the diagnostic ability of the emergency physicians. All ...
Autore C - - 2000
Fewer than one third of patients presenting to the emergency department with complaints of chest pain have an acute coronary syndrome. The electrocardiogram provides a specific diagnosis only in 40% of patients with acute myocardial infarction. The presence of regional wall-motion abnormalities at echocardiography in patients without known coronary artery ...
Abbott B G - - 2000
Only a minority of patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with acute chest pain will eventually be diagnosed with an acute coronary syndrome. The majority will have an electrocardiogram that is normal or nondiagnostic for acute myocardial ischemia or infarction. Typically, these patients are admitted to exclude myocardial infarction ...
Diercks D B - - 2000
The study applied a retrospective follow-up design to determine the prognostic effect of graded exercise testing (GXT) in patients with low- to moderate-risk chest pain evaluated in an emergency department 9-hour protocol chest pain center (CPC) from January 1, 1993 to August 1, 1996. The cohort of 1,209 patients were ...
Indik JH - - 2000
Post-myocardial infarction pericarditis occurs in approximately 5% to 6% of patients who receive thrombolytic agents. It should be suspected in any patient with pleuropericardial pain. A pericardial friction rub may or may not be present. Differentiation of pericarditis from recurrent angina may be difficult, but a careful history and evaluation ...
Shiraishi A - - 2000
To evaluate coronary microvascular function and its relation to the genesis of chest pain and ST-segment depression during exercise in patients with syndrome X, pacing-induced changes in transmural myocardial blood flow distribution were quantitatively assessed by 2-dimensional myocardial contrast echocardiography. Of 25 patients with a history of chest pain and ...
Lehmann G - - 2000
The case of a 25-year-old woman presenting with chest pain, ECG changes, and laboratory findings suggestive of myocardial infarction is reported. Cardiac catheterization showed impaired left ventricular performance but otherwise normal coronary arteries. Laboratory analyses revealed primary hypoparathyroidism, and supplementation with calcium and vitamin D(3) was initiated. There was subsequent ...
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