Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1175
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Suarez William A - - 2004
A young child with exertional chest pain, and an electrocardiographic pattern suggesting reversible ischaemia of the anterior ventricular wall documented by Cardiolyte stress-testing, underwent cardiac catheterization and selective coronary angiography. Although the coronary arteries were entirely normal, the recirculation phase demonstrated marked dilation of the coronary sinus, with atresia of ...
Hickman M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate whether the improved imaging quality gained by using tissue harmonic echocardiography in place of fundamental echocardiography results in the improved risk stratification of patients presenting with non-ST-elevation acute chest pain. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty patients with over 30 min of non-ST-elevation chest pain that had lasted less ...
ElMunzer Badih J - - 2004
Although myocardial infarction is most often the manifestation of epicardial coronary artery disease, Chagas heart disease due to chronic Trypanasome Cruzi infection may present with a syndrome of chest pain and elevations in markers of cardiac myonecrosis. In the setting of an increasingly diverse global population and immigration of peoples ...
Halligan Sean - - 2004
Patients with chest pain and nonobstructive coronary artery disease (NOCAD) utilize a significant part of our health care resources. Their diagnosis and treatment can often be difficult and time consuming. A simple classification system and stepwise diagnostic approach may help to reduce unnecessary testing. Also, utilization of a chest pain ...
Joseph Anthony J - - 2004
The purposes of this paper are to establish the acute coronary syndrome as a pathophysiologic model, to establish the Chest Pain Center model as a complementary operational model that can be employed by a wide range of hospitals that seek to improve the process of care related to acute coronary ...
Kwong Raymond Y - - 2004
Managing patients with chest pain in the Emergency Department (ED) remains a challenge where advanced imaging technology may play a role. Detecting acute coronary syndrome in the emergency department with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was studied in 161 consecutive chest pain patients in a prospective observational study. Patients with ...
Bassan Roberto - - 2004
Management of chest pain patients in the emergency department has been a dilemma because of difficulty in identifying those who can be immediately discharged and those who need to be hospitalized. We assessed the efficacy of a probability stratification model and a systematic diagnostic strategy in 1003 consecutive chest pain ...
Underwood S R - - 2004
This review summarises the evidence for the role of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. It is the product of a consensus conference organised by the British Cardiac Society, the British Nuclear Cardiology Society and the British Nuclear Medicine Society and is endorsed ...
Naik Sarjita D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To report 2 cases of cardiomyopathy associated with use of dietary supplements containing ephedra. case summaries: A 19-year-old white man presented to the emergency department (ED) complaining of exertional shortness of breath and episodic chest pain radiating to the left arm. Left heart catheterization revealed no significant coronary artery ...
Kaski Juan Carlos - - 2004
Patients with cardiac syndrome X (typical chest pain and normal coronary arteriograms) represent a heterogeneous syndrome, which encompasses different pathogenic mechanisms. Although symptoms in most patients with cardiac syndrome X are non-cardiac, a sizable proportion of them have angina pectoris due to transient myocardial ischemia. Thus radionuclide myocardial perfusion defects, ...
Macfarlane Peter W - - 2004
The American College of Cardiology (ACC) and European Society of Cardiology (ESC) recently proposed criteria for acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). These criteria were based on STj >0.1 mV in limbs leads and V4-V6, or STj >0.2 mV in V1 to V3 with criteria being met in two contiguous ...
Hack Jason B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sumatriptan has been used in the treatment of migraine and other vascular headaches since 1993 in the United States. Its side effects include chest pains in 3% to 8% of patients who have known cardiac risk factors. This is a case report of a 45-year-old woman with no history ...
Gedevanishvili Alexander - - 2004
Intravenous ephedrine administered during a C-section was observed to cause an acute coronary syndrome in a pregnant woman with normal coronaries. The patient developed sub-sternal chest pain, was noted to have 10 beats of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia, ST abnormalities were observed on her ECG and cardiac enzymes were elevated. The ...
Johansson Ingela - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To explore the choice of transportation mode to hospital in patients experiencing acute myocardial infarction. METHOD: A descriptive survey study at the Coronary Care Unit of one Swedish University Hospital. The study was carried out between July 2000 and March 2001. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 114 consecutive ...
Park Ted A - - 2004
Munchausen syndrome is a rare condition in which the patient repeatedly seeks medical care for factitious illnesses. Cardiac Munchausen syndrome was first reported in 1953 and later referred to as cardiopathia fantastica. It is characterized by clinical manifestations of acute cardiac disease that are feigned and recurrent. Cardiopathia fantastica can ...
Ganim Rick P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A number of innovative approaches have been investigated for their value in the early detection of acute ischemia or infarction in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain suggestive of a cardiac origin. Prior investigations have demonstrated the utility of adding right precordial and posterior chest ...
Sinha M K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of cardiac ischaemia in patients attending emergency departments (ED) with symptoms of acute coronary syndromes is often difficult. Cardiac troponin (cTn) is sensitive and specific for the detection of myocardial damage but may not rise during reversible myocardial ischaemia. Ischemia Modified Albumin (IMA) has recently been shown to ...
Mrdović Igor - - 2004
A 47-year-old male patient was admitted to our Emergency Hospital's coronary unit with an acute myocardial infarction, localized inferolaterally. He had been hospitalized 2 months before this occurrence because of persistent chest pain accompanied by elevation of the ST segment in precordial and inferior leads, for which he received thrombolytic ...
Enders Jason M - - 2003
A 45-year-old woman was hospitalized to rule out acute myocardial infarction after coming to the emergency department with a complaint of substernal chest pressure. Her initial electrocardiogram indicated normal sinus rhythm with T-wave inversion and nonspecific ST changes suggestive of possible ischemia. She had no medical problems and took no ...
Mafrici Antonio - - 2003
5-Fluorouracil, a widely used drug in cancer treatment, is known to have cardiotoxic effects: chest pain with ECG changes, arrhythmias, arterial hypertension or hypotension, myocardial infarction, cardiogenic shock and sudden death have been described in the literature. Coronary artery vasospasm is the pathogenetic mechanism hypothesized in most cases, but mechanisms ...
Trevelyan J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the degree and sources of current diagnostic inaccuracy of serial conventional cardiac markers and ECGs compared with the new diagnostic criteria for myocardial infarction, with specific reference to physician specialty and the prognostic value of troponin T. DESIGN: Prospective, blinded observational study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS AND ...
Pac-Ferrer J - - 2003
We present a case of non-functioning anterior mediastinal paraganglioma in a 61-year-old woman. The tumour was accidentally discovered on a coronary angiography performed in an atypical precordial pain and dyspnea. The coronary angiography showed a vascular tumour in the paraaortic localization irrigated from two branches of coronary arteries. Diagnosis was ...
Abbott B G - - 2003
Recent advances in the treatment of acute coronary syndromes has raised awareness in the community that prompt presentation for chest pain may be life saving. Each year in the United States, more than 6 million people present to the hospital with an acute chest pain, making this the most common ...
Sameh Ibrahim Sersar - - 2003
A 33-year-old female had a left sided chest pain for the last 3 months. Chest X-ray showed a left basal opacity. Computed tomography chest suggested a left sided subpulmonic effusion (17.5x12.2x13 cm) with thick enhanced walls with marked collapse of the left lower lobe and displacement of the heart and ...
Howarth Douglas - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to determine the role of esophageal scintigraphy (ES) and myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in patients with atypical chest pain investigated for ischemic heart disease (IHD). METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred five consecutive patients with atypical chest pain were investigated by dual-isotope MPI (1-day ...
Lipetz Jason S - - 2003
We present the case of a 49-yr-old man with cervical pain of 14 wk of duration. Physical examination and magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine demonstrated no neurologic abnormality or corroborative pathology. Cardiac catheterization demonstrated advanced multivessel disease. The patient underwent successful coronary bypass grafting and was symptom free ...
Desmet W J R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A cardiac syndrome of "apical ballooning" was recently described, consisting of an acute onset of transient extensive akinesia of the apical and mid portions of the left ventricle, without significant stenosis on the coronary angiogram, accompanied by chest symptoms, ECG changes, and a limited release of cardiac markers disproportionate ...
Yoon Se Jung - - 2003
Chest trauma can lead to various cardiac complications ranging from simple arrhythmias to myocardial rupture. An acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a rare complication that can occur after chest trauma. We report a case of 66-year-old male who suffered a blunt chest trauma from a traffic accident resulting in an ...
Shoyeb Abu - - 2003
The optimal diagnostic evaluation of patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain but without myocardial infarction or unstable angina is controversial. We performed a prospective, nonrandomized, observational study of 1,195 consecutive patients presenting to the ED with chest pain but who had normal or nondiagnostic electrocardiograms and ...
De Bonis Michele - - 2003
The combination of chest wall abnormalities such as pectus excavatum and cardiac disease requiring operative correction represents a clinical challenge to the surgeon. We report two cases of patients with Marfan's syndrome and severe pectus excavatum in whom cardiac operations were successfully performed using a superior 'T inverted' ministernotomy. This ...
de la Iglesia Fernando - - 2003
Detection of acute renal infarction is often delayed or missed because of both the rarity of the disease and its nonspecific clinical presentation. Abrupt onset of low-back pain in a patient at high risk for a thromboembolic event may be the first indication of renal infarction. We report a case ...
RuDusky Basil M - - 2003
Blunt chest trauma continues to be one of the most common injuries at all ages. Trauma in general is the leading cause of death in the young to middle-aged segment of our population. Blunt chest injury is said to occur in more than one third of all motor vehicle accidents. ...
Turnipseed Samuel D - - 2003
We reviewed the frequency of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients presenting to our emergency department (ED) with chest pain after methamphetamine (MAP) use during a 2-year interval. Thirty-three patients (25 males, 8 females; average age 40.4 +/- 8.0 years) with a total of 36 visits met study inclusion criteria: ...
Naseer Nauman - - 2003
A 32-year-old white male police officer suffered blunt trauma to the anterior chest wall during a routine training session. This was accompanied by the precipitous onset of chest discomfort. There was no previous history of any cardiac risk factors. The diagnosis of an inferior wall myocardial infarction was made based ...
Halford Steve - - 2003
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether morphine is better than diamorphine at allieviating chest pain after an acute myocardial infarction. Altogether 66 papers were found using the reported search, of which one presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country ...
Aroney Con N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of a structured clinical pathway for stratification and management of patients presenting with chest pain and classified as having intermediate risk of adverse cardiac outcomes in the subsequent six months. DESIGN: Prospective clinical audit. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 630 consecutive patients who presented ...
Carley Simon D - - 2003
Despite known limitations, the standard 12 lead ECG is the principal risk stratification device for patients presenting with chest pain to the ED. However, it has a sensitivity of less than 60% for MI. One reason for this is that the standard placement of chest leads fails to interrogate many ...
Ashizawa Naoto - - 2003
We report a case of hypercalcemia in an elderly patient due to vitamin D intoxication with clinical features and electrocardiogram (ECG) findings mimicking acute myocardial infarction. A 78-year-old man was referred to our department with symptoms of general fatigue, anorexia and chest pain. The ECG demonstrated ST elevation in leads ...
Morin Josée - - 2003
Blunt chest trauma can cause several forms of heart injuries, of which myocardial infarction (MI) is recognized as a rare complication. An unusual case of occlusion of the left anterior descending artery following a snowmobile accident, with two episodes of sustained ventricular tachycardia, is presented here. Management of the occluded ...
Wang Nai-dong - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Blunt chest trauma is an important clinical problem leading to injury of the heart and lungs that may be fatal. Experimental models in large animals have been developed previously. This study was aimed at developing a small-animal (rat) model for the purpose of evaluating blunt chest trauma. METHODS: Blunt ...
Garrett Paul D - - 2003
Echocardiography is a key diagnostic tool in evaluating patients with cardiac emergencies and chest trauma. The lack of qualified real-time interpretation limits its use by emergency first responders. Early diagnosis of cardiac emergencies has the potential to facilitate triage and medical intervention to improve outcomes. We investigated the feasibility of ...
Chang Kirk Y - - 2003
Malignant ventricular arrhythmias can result from isolated right ventricular infarction, and reports of this phenomenon in the literature are rare. We present a case of a 46-year-old man with acute onset of chest pain angiographically confirmed to be a result of isolated occlusion of a right ventricular branch artery. He ...
Carley Simon - - 2003
A short cut review was carried out to establish the incidence of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting as emergencies with post-cocaine chest pain. Altogether 198 papers were found using the reported search, of which eight presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country ...
Menown Ian B A - - 2003
Recent advances in biomarkers have improved the evaluation of patients with acute chest pain, but current critical care pathways may still lead to important delays in early diagnosis and, hence, treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Electrocardiographic changes may occur within seconds of an ischemic insult, but the conventional 12-lead ...
Decker Wyatt W - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Continuous 12-lead serial ECG monitoring has been proposed to assist in the evaluation of patients with acute coronary syndrome and nondiagnostic ECG in an emergency department chest pain unit. However, the ability of serial ECG to detect acute coronary syndrome and its benefit in addition to a standard ...
Kwong Raymond Y - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Managing chest pain in the emergency department remains a challenge with current diagnostic strategies. We hypothesized that cardiac MRI could accurately identify patients with possible or probable acute coronary syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS: The diagnostic performance of MRI was evaluated in a prospective study of 161 consecutive patients. Enrollment ...
Carmin Cheryl N - - 2003
Studies have repeatedly shown that as many as 43% of patients undergoing coronary angiograms have no evidence of coronary heart disease (CHD). Fear of cardiac-related sensations has been posited as one explanation for complaints of chest pain in patients without CHD. The purpose of this study is to examine variables ...
Hattori Satomi - - 2003
We report here a case of Behçet's syndrome. The patient was suddenly affected by chest pain during the clinical course of the disease and developed abdominal pain and melena after 5 weeks. The diagnosis of acute anteroseptal myocardial infarction was made on the basis of the electrocardiography findings, and many ...
Nakata Tomoaki - - 2003
Although heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) can be a marker of sarcolemmal injury due to acute myocardial ischemia, the diagnostic or prognostic value is not established in patients with acute chest pain. This multicenter prospective study aimed to determine the diagnostic and prognostic values of H-FABP in 133 patients presenting ...
Link Mark S - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: In an animal model of commotio cordis, sudden death with chest-wall impact, we sought to systematically evaluate the importance of impact velocity in the generation of ventricular fibrillation (VF) with baseball chest-wall impact. BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death can occur with chest-wall blows in recreational and competitive sports (commotio cordis). ...
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