Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2198
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Ugander Martin - - 2010
Fractional shortening (FS) by echocardiography is considered to represent the short-axis contribution to the stroke volume (SV), also called short-axis function. However, FS is mathematically coupled to the amount of myocardium, since it rearranges during atrioventricular plane displacement (AVPD). The SV is the sum of the volumes generated by 1) ...
Geerlings Mirjam I - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate brain volumes, white matter lesion (WML) volume and asymptomatic infarcts on MRI in a large cohort of patients with atherosclerotic disease. METHODS: Within the SMART-MR (Second Manifestations of ARTerial disease-Magnetic Resonance) study, a prospective cohort study on determinants and course of brain changes on MRI, cross-sectional analyses ...
Keenan Niall G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to evaluate the value of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in the assessment of patients with Takayasu arteritis (TA). METHODS: Sixteen patients with TA and 2 populations comprising 110 normal volunteers were prospectively recruited. All patients with TA underwent a CMR protocol including measurement of carotid ...
Simonot D L - - 2009
The 34% increase in relative ventricular mass (Mrv) resulting from chronic anaemia (induced by an intraperitoneal injection of phenylhydrazine hydrochloride) was accompanied by a 117% increase in coronary vascular volume of diploid rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Coronary vascular volume of normocythemic triploid fish was similar to that of normocythemic diploid ...
Hein Marc - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of right ventricular ejection fraction and right ventricular end-diastolic volume obtained by volumetric pulmonary artery catheter, using the conductance catheter as reference method. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative study. SETTING: Research laboratory of a university hospital. SUBJECTS: Seven young female German landrace pigs. INTERVENTIONS: Ligation of the ...
Jabot Julien - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test whether cardiac function index could actually behave as an indicator of left ventricular systolic function by testing if 1) it increased with inotropic stimulation; 2) it was not altered by fluid loading; 3) it correlated with the echographic left ventricular ejection fraction, considered as the clinical gold ...
Kino Aya - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new free-breathing 3D phase-sensitive inversion-recovery (PSIR) turbo FLASH pulse sequence for the detection of left ventricular myocardial scar. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients with suspected myocardial scar were examined on a 1.5-T MR scanner for myocardial late enhancement after the administration ...
Punn Rajesh - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography has been used to diagnose and describe left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC). No other study has investigated LVNC using the 16-segment model described by the American Heart Association and the American Society of Echocardiography in children, some of whom have congenital heart disease. Using the ratio of noncompaction to ...
Wilson M - - 2011
Objectives Seventeen male participants (mean (SD) (range): age 33.5 (6.5) years (46-26 years), body mass 80 (9.2) kg (100-63 kg), height 1.81 (0.06) m (1.93- 1.70 m)) ran a marathon to investigate the relationship between systolic function (using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)) and diastolic function (using echocardiography) against biomarkers of ...
Hurwitz Barry E - - 2010
The study examined whether deficits in cardiac output and blood volume in a CFS (chronic fatigue syndrome) cohort were present and linked to illness severity and sedentary lifestyle. Follow-up analyses assessed whether differences in cardiac output levels between CFS and control groups were corrected by controlling for cardiac contractility and ...
Seeger Achim - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital heart disease frequently have complex cardiac and vascular malformations requiring detailed non-invasive diagnostic evaluation including functional parameters. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the morphological and functional information provided by a novel 3-D cine steady-state free-precession (SSFP) sequence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty consecutive children (mean age 2.2 years, nine ...
Hamill Neil - - 2009
The objective of this study was to quantify the repeatability and reproducibility of fetal cardiac ventricular volumes obtained using spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) and Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis (VOCAL; GE Healthcare, Kretztechnik, Zipf, Austria). A technique was developed to compute ventricular volumes using the subfeature Contour Finder: Trace. Twenty-five normal ...
Jhanjee Rajat - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Clinical experience suggests that atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATs) are a frequent comorbidity in heart failure patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and that volume overload may increase AT susceptibility. However, substantiating this apparent relationship in free-living patients is difficult. Recently, certain implantable cardioverter-defibrillators provide, by measuring transpulmonary electric bioimpedance, an ...
De Vecchis Renato - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify the Doppler echocardiographic criteria able to predict clinical deterioration of mild-to- moderate chronic heart failure (CHF) as well as, whenever possible, to evaluate the features of chronological relation of cavitary remodelling in left chambers during follow-up (FU). METHODS: A retrospective, case-controlled study, including a number of CHF ...
Peters Dana C - - 2009
To compare higher spatial resolution 3D late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (Cardiac MR) with 2D LGE in patients with prior myocardial infarction. Fourteen patients were studied using high spatial resolution 3D LGE (1.3 x 1.3 x 5.0 mm(3)) and conventional 2D LGE (2 x 2 x 8 mm(3)) ...
MacIver David H - - 2010
The mechanisms of heart failure are ill understood with multiple, heterogeneous hypotheses proposed to describe the condition. This study examines the individual effects of left ventricular hypertrophy, long-axis shortening and the effect of left ventricular remodeling on ejection fraction, end-diastolic volume and stroke volume using a mathematical model of left ...
Stahl Carsten - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Implantable device diagnostics may play an essential role in simplifying the care of heart failure patients by providing fundamental insights into their complex clinical patterns. Early recognition of heart failure progression by a continuous hemodynamic monitoring would allow for timely therapeutic interventions to prevent decompensation and hospitalization. In this ...
Beek A M - - 2010
Reperfusion may cause intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH) by extravasation of erythrocytes through severely damaged endothelial walls. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical significance of IMH in relation to infarct size, microvascular obstruction (MVO) and function in patients after primary percutaneous intervention. Forty-five patients underwent cardiovascular MR imaging ...
Ren Min - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the capability of real-time triplane echocardiography (RT3PE) for monitoring global and regional systolic function of the left ventricle (LV) after surgical revascularization and for evaluating the effect of surgery and predicting restenosis. METHODS: Forty-nine patients underwent RT3PE before and at 10 ...
Mor-Avi Victor - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide readers with an update on the latest developments and the current status of the real-time three-dimensional echocardiographic (RT3DE) quantitative evaluation of left ventricular volumes and function. RECENT FINDINGS: In recent years, the growing availability of RT3DE imaging technology, its ...
Geelhoed Miranda J J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Echocardiographic measurements are widely used as outcomes of different studies. The aim of this study was to assess intraobserver and interobserver reliability of echocardiographic measurements in healthy children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 28 children, with a median age of 7.5 years, and inter-quartile range from 3 to 11 ...
Joffe Samuel W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) is an important parameter in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with coronary heart disease. Previous studies comparing echocardiography and contrast left ventriculography (CVG) for the measurement of EF have shown considerable variation in results, yet, in clinical practice, EF measurements are used interchangeably. ...
Lipiecki Janusz - - 2009
Dilation of end-systolic and end-diastolic volumes (ESV, EDV) has been used to define left ventricular remodelling after acute myocardial infarction (MI), but the prognostic significance of different enlargement patterns has not been evaluated fully. To analyse the evolution of left ventricular volumes and parameters of global and regional contractility and ...
Bundgaard-Nielsen M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiac function curves are widely accepted to apply to humans but are not established for the entire range of filling of the heart that can be elicited during head-up (HUT) and head-down tilt (HDT), taken to represent minimal and maximal physiological filling of the heart, respectively. With the supine ...
Lopshire John C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) reduces the incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias in experimental models. This study investigated the effects of long-term SCS on ventricular function in a postinfarction canine heart failure model. METHODS AND RESULTS: In stage 1, dogs underwent implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation and embolization of the left anterior descending ...
Uittenbogaard Lukas B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively assess the clinical feasibility of an automated 3-dimensional (3D) software tool for extended basic cardiac screening in routine ultrasound practice. METHODS: During the 2-month study period, all gravidas fitting our inclusion criteria were consecutively included. Cardiac 3D volumes were acquired within ...
Erdo─čan Ilkay - - 2009
We performed a study to examine the clinical use of carvedilol, its dosage and its effects on systolic functions in children. Twenty-one patients with dilated cardiomyopathy who were treated with carvedilol adjacent to standard heart failure therapy were enrolled in the study. Echocardiographic assessment was obtained before and during carvedilol ...
Adamson Louise - - 2009
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) after repair of tetralogy of Fallot improved outcomes including right ventricular (RV) function. Altogether 730 relevant papers were identified using the below mentioned search, 19 papers represented ...
Kühl Jørgen Tobias - - 2010
Left atrial (LA) maximal volume contains prognostic information in patients with heart failure and acute myocardial infarction. However, only few studies have investigated the detailed mechanical function of the LA in these patients. We assessed the feasibility of evaluating LA volume and mechanical function with Multi Slice Computed Tomography (MSCT) ...
Omran Mohammad T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate left ventricular function by echocardiography before and after kidney transplantation (KT). METHODS: This analytical study included 50 patients that had successful KT in Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Babol, Iran from October 2005 to December 2007. The echocardiography study was performed by one cardiologist before and at least 3 ...
Lurz Philipp - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Treatment of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction is possible with a bare metal stent (BMS), although this treatment causes pulmonary regurgitation. In this study, we assessed the acute physiological effects of BMS versus percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) using an x-ray/magnetic resonance hybrid laboratory. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fourteen consecutive ...
Vörös Károly - - 2009
The aim of the study was to establish normal reference echocardiographic values for three Hungarian dog breeds, and to determine the potential dependence of intracardiac parameters on body weight, age and gender. M-mode and two-dimensional echocardiography were performed on 95 clinically healthy dogs including 45 Hungarian Vizslas, 28 Mudis and ...
Sud Sachin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The omnibus Tei index, the sum of isovolumic contraction and relaxation times divided by the ejection time, is a good indicator of global cardiac function. However, these time intervals can be influenced by valvular heart disease and the role of the Tei index among patients with aortic stenosis (AS) ...
Shah Ravi V - - 2009
BACKGROUND: ST2, a biomarker of cardiomyocyte stretch, powerfully predicts poor outcomes in patients with acute dyspnea, but nothing is known about associations between soluble ST2 (sST2) and cardiac structure and function, or whether sST2 retains prognostic meaning in the context of such measures. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred thirty-four dyspneic ...
Yamamura Jin - - 2009
The aim of this study was to perform fetal cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with triggering of the fetal heart beat in utero in a sheep model. All experimental protocols were reviewed and the usage of ewes and fetuses was approved by the local animal protection authorities. Images of the ...
Taheri Shahram - - 2009
We performed this study to assess whether low dose spironolactone could be administered in hemodialysis (HD) patients with moderate to severe heart failure to improve cardiovascular function and reduce hospitalization without inducing hyperkalemia. We enrolled 16 chronic HD patients with moderate to severe heart failure and left ventricle ejection fraction ...
Liang Jin-qian - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital scoliosis often also have intraspinal abnormalities and other organ defects, and few studies of the effects of congenital scoliosis on cardiac function and structure have been published. METHODS: A total of 215 adolescent patients with congenital scoliosis (average age, 13.58 years) underwent preoperative echocardiography and were ...
Magalang Ulysses J - - 2009
There are few data on the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on the structural and functional characteristics of the right heart in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We sought to leverage the advantages of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and hypothesized that CPAP treatment would improve ...
Toyooka Shinichi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate right and left ventricular functions in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension after living-donor lobar lung transplantation compared with those without hypertension. METHODS: Thirty-three recipients of living-donor lobar lung transplantation were divided into two groups: those with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH group; ...
Cowan Brett R BR Auckland MRI Research Group, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2009
The ONTARGET and TRANSCEND clinical trials were designed to investigate the cardioprotective effects of telmisartan 80 mg and ramipril 10 mg, alone and in combination, in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease. Cardiac MRI enables investigation of mechanistic effects of these agents on cardiac structural and functional variables. Here, ...
Lewis M M - - 2009
A recent case report suggested the presence of asymmetrical lateral ventricular enlargement associated with motor asymmetry in Parkinson's disease (PD). The current study explored these associations further. Magnetic resonance imaging (3T) scans were obtained on 17 PD and 15 healthy control subjects at baseline and 12-43 months later. Baseline and ...
Furlani Ana Paula - - 2009
Therapeutic angiogenesis is currently under investigation in ischemic heart disease. We examined the effect on left ventricular function induced by therapeutic angiogenesis by intramyocardial injection of plasmid VEGF(165), in a canine model of chronic myocardial infarction. Left thoracotomy was performed in 10 mongrel dogs, and myocardial infarction induced by ligation ...
Doenst Torsten - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of surgical ventricular reconstruction (SVR) for ischemic cardiomyopathy has never been truly quantified. Methods to assess ventricular flow have not been applied to these patients. The objective is to develop a volume-independent technique for assessing the effects of ischemic remodeling and SVR on left ventricular blood flow ...
Brown Morgan L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Indications for valve replacement in patients with aortic regurgitation include diminished ejection fraction and increased left ventricular dimensions. Our objective was to examine the effect of preoperative ejection fraction and left ventricular dimensions on survival and return of normal systolic function (ejection fraction > or = 0.50) after valve ...
Ardekani Siamak - - 2009
Left ventricular remodeling during the development of heart failure is a strong predictor of cardiovascular mortality. However, methods to objectively quantify remodeling-associated shape changes are not routinely available but may be possible with new computational anatomy tools. In this study, we analyzed and compared multi-detector computed tomographic (MDCT) images of ...
Arques Stephane - - 2010
The present study attempted to determine the accuracy of left atrial volume (LAVi) by transthoracic echocardiography in the diagnosis of diastolic heart failure (DHF) in patients presenting with chronic, isolated dyspnea. We included 28 consecutive patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction >50% without prior history of heart failure. DHF ...
Mollema S A - - 2009
Echocardiography is useful for risk stratification and assessment of prognosis after myocardial infarction, which is the focus of this review. Various traditional echocardiographic parameters have been shown to provide prognostic information, such as left ventricular volumes and ejection fraction, wall motion score index, mitral regurgitation and left atrial volume. The ...
Leonard A D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Urotensin II (UII) and its receptor UT are involved in control of the cardiovascular system and are implicated in heart failure. We measured UT expression by quantitative PCR (Q-PCR) in atrial and aortic tissue, and plasma UII while simultaneously assessing cardiac function in 40 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass ...
Kumar Anil - - 2009
In a prospective study, enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) was performed for 1 hour each day for 35 days in 47 patients, mean age 61 +/- 8 years, with prior coronary revascularization who had chronic refractory angina pectoris despite antianginal drugs and who were not candidates for further coronary revascularization. Compared ...
Selton-Suty Christine - - 2009
The importance of right ventricular (RV) function in the clinical management of patients with cardiopulmonary disorders is now well recognized. However, due to both its shape and location and to the load dependence of its ejection fraction, accurate evaluation of its function is still a challenge. Echocardiography allows morphological, hemodynamic ...
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