Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2229
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Lee Ki-Ja - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate lateral ventricular size in clinically normal calves by use of computed tomography and to examine the relationships between ventricular height (Vh), ventricular area (VA), and ventricular volume (VV). ANIMALS: 14 Holstein calves. Procedures-14 calves underwent computed tomography of the head with transverse images acquired from the rostral ...
Wen Zhaoying - - 2010
We wanted to assess the performance of dual-source CT (DSCT) for evaluating the left atrial volume and function and we compared this performance to that of the standard reference technique,cardiac cine MR (CMR). Fifty-one patients who were referred for CT coronary angiography were included in the study. Two were subsequently ...
Rizzo Giuseppe - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the agreement and reliability of virtual organ computer-aided analysis (VOCAL) and sonographic automatic volume calculation (sonoAVC) for measurements of ventricular volume from fetal heart data sets acquired by 4-dimensional sonography with spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC). METHODS: We studied 45 volumes from ...
Barr R Graham RG Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2010
Very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease causes cor pulmonale with elevated pulmonary vascular resistance and secondary reductions in left ventricular filling, stroke volume, and cardiac output. We hypothesized that emphysema, as detected on computed tomography (CT), and airflow obstruction are inversely related to left ventricular end-diastolic volume, stroke volume, and ...
Diez-Prieto Inmaculada - - 2010
Heart growth in 6 female beagle dogs was measured by using M-mode echocardiography at 4, 7, 10, 13, 17, and 21 mo of age. The same 6 dogs were evaluated throughout the study to establish when cardiac development ends in this breed. The following parameters were measured during systole and ...
Phan Thanh Trung - - 2010
Whilst resting disturbances of both diastolic and long-axis systolic function are observed in patients with heart failure who have normal left ventricular ejection fraction, recent evidence suggests that dynamic disturbances in cardiac function occur during exercise. A paradoxical slowing of left ventricular active relaxation during exercise limits cardiac filling and ...
Cirillo Marco - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To test the potential of the heart to be surgically restored at a near-normal global condition, granted that its physiological characteristics are respected (working volumes, chamber geometry, fiber orientation, opposite rotation of apex and base, global torsion and strain). METHODS: From May 2007 to December 2008, 12 consecutive patients ...
Graziani Giorgio - - 2010
BACKGROUND: On the basis of cardiovascular compliance, hemodialysis (HD) patients can be classified as hypotension prone (HP) or hypotension resistant (HR). METHODS: We compare the hemodynamic behavior and myocardial performances in 6 HP and 6 HR patients before and after an isolated ultrafiltration (IU) session removing 3% of total body ...
Hedeer Fredrik - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We sought to compare quantification of left ventricular volumes and ejection fraction by different gated myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) programs with each other and to magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. METHODS: N = 100 patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease were examined at rest with 99 mTc-tetrofosmin gated ...
Drosch Tanja - - 2010
This study assesses the global left ventricular function and volumes using dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) with improved temporal resolution (83 ms) by use of a semi-automatic software tool in comparison to invasive angiography (IVA). One hundred patients scheduled for invasive coronary angiography because of suspected or known coronary artery disease ...
Lindsey C Wesley - - 2010
BACKGROUND: After tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair, severe pulmonary insufficiency is known to impair biventricular function. Pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) alleviates symptoms, normalizes right ventricular volumes, and improves ventricular function. Most studies addressing the role of PVR have examined older adolescents or adults. Less is known about the potential benefits ...
Mathieu Myrielle - - 2010
Heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction and abnormal diastolic function is commonly observed after recovery from an acute myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to investigate the physiopathology of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in a model of healed myocardial infarction in dogs. Echocardiography, levels ...
O'Hanlon Rory - - 2010
The aetiology and clinical significance of troponin release following endurance exercise is unclear but may be due to transient myocardial inflammation. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) affords us the opportunity to evaluate the presence of myocardial inflammation and focal fibrosis and is the ideal imaging modality to study this hypothesis. We ...
Moladoust Hassan - - 2010
More diagnostic techniques require a better understanding of the forces and stresses developed in the wall of the left ventricle. The aim of this study was to differentiate significant coronary artery disease (CAD) patients using a non-invasive quantification of myocardial wall stress in the diastole phase. Sixty male subjects with ...
Steding K - - 2010
Long term endurance training is known to increase peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) and induce morphological changes of the heart such as increased left ventricular mass (LVM). However, the relationship between and the total heart volume (THV), considering both the left and right ventricular dimensions in both males and females, is ...
Hovnanian André L - - 2010
To determine long-term survival, identify preoperative factors predictive of a favorable outcome, and assess functional improvement after coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with advanced left ventricular dysfunction. Between 1995 and 2001, 244 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and had a preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction less than ...
Shahgaldi Kambiz - - 2010
Three dimensional echocardiography (3DE) approaches the accuracy of cardiac magnetic resonance in measuring left ventricular (LV) volumes and ejection fraction (EF). The multibeat modality in comparison to single-beat (SB) requires breath-hold technique and regular heart rhythm which could limit the use of this technique in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) ...
Carpenter John-Paul JP Cardiovascular MR Unit, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, London, - - 2010
We aimed to define reference ranges for right ventricular (RV) volumes, ejection fraction (EF) in thalassemia major patients (TM) without myocardial iron overload. RV volumes, EF and mass were measured in 80 TM patients who had no myocardial iron overload (myocardial T2* > 20 ms by cardiovascular magnetic resonance). All ...
Kooter Albertus J AJ Department of Internal Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. - - 2010
Right ventricular dilatation in the setting of acute pulmonary embolism is associated with an adverse prognosis. Treatment with a pulmonary vasodilator has never been studied systematically. We evaluated the effect of epoprostenol on right ventricular diameter and function in patients with acute pulmonary embolism and right ventricular dilatation. In a ...
Choi Hon Fai HF Division Cardiovascular Imaging and Dynamics, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, University Hospitals - campus Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, bus 7003, 3000, Belgium. - - 2010
Left-ventricular shape is an important determinant of regional wall mechanics during passive filling. To examine the influence of left-ventricular shape for the ejection phase, the distribution of active fiber stress at the beginning of ejection was calculated in a finite element study. Hereto, finite element models were constructed with varying ...
Carvalho P P Department of Informatics Engineering, Science and Technology Faculty of the University of Coimbra, Pólo II, Coimbra, Portugal. - - 2010
Systolic time intervals (STI) have shown significant diagnostic and prognostic value to assess the global cardiac function. Their value has been largely established in hospital settings. Currently, STI are considered a promising tool for long-term patient follow-up with chronic cardiovascular diseases. Several technologies exist that enable beat-by-beat assessment of STI ...
Chen Yu Y Department of Cardiology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022 , - - 2010
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an acute cardiovascular emergency. This study was undertaken to assess the effect of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) on ventricular arrhythmias induced by AMI in rats in vivo. Two hundred and forty male Wistar rats were randomized into a sham-operation group, an AMI group, and a ...
Ott Brian R BR Department of Neurology, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02903, USA. - - 2010
The frequent co-occurrence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus suggests a possible link between ventricular dilation and AD. If enlarging ventricles serve as a marker of faulty cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) clearance mechanisms, then a relationship may be demonstrable between increasing ventricular volume and decreasing levels ...
Muraru Denisa - - 2010
AIMS: To assess the accuracy and reproducibility of a novel automated software for left ventricular (LV) volumes and ejection fraction (EF) measurements using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 103 patients with a wide range of LV volumes were analyzed with both 4D AutoLVQ and 4D ...
Yilmaz Mehmet Birhan - - 2011
CA-125 is an old marker, recently shown to be associated with systolic heart failure. We aimed to search for factors influencing its plasma level. 430 patients with one available CA-125 level were investigated retrospectively. 150 patients who had echocardiographic records were enrolled into final analysis. Patients were followed up, hospitalization ...
Ajami Gholamhossein - - 2010
Myocarditis is a well-recognized component of Kawasaki disease, with left ventricular dysfunction occurring in more than half of the patients during the acute phase of the disease. The purpose of our study was to evaluate myocardial function in these patients using the myocardial performance index, also known as the Tei ...
Waksman Ron - - 2009
Advances in coronary stent technology, including refinement of the stent alloy, strut thickness, stent geometry, passive coating, and drug elution, have dramatically enhanced the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting. Stents are currently used in over 90% of coronary interventions and the use of drug-eluting stents ...
Vieira Marcelo L C - - 2010
AIMS: To investigate by real-time 3D echocardiography (RT3DE) and cardiac computed tomography (CCT) the analysis of left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) and volumes. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 67 patients (37 males, 55 +/- 11 years) were studied prospectively by RT3DE and by 64-slice CCT. RT3DE data: LVEF ranged ...
Männer Jörg - - 2009
The cardiac cycle-related deformations of tubular embryonic hearts were traditionally described as concentric narrowing and widening of a tube of circular cross-section. Using optical coherence tomography (OCT), we have recently shown that, during the cardiac cycle, only the myocardial tube undergoes concentric narrowing and widening while the endocardial tube undergoes ...
Menezes Leon J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Left ventricular function is prognostically important. Our aim was to validate different algorithms' measurements with rubidium-82 PET, using computed tomography (CT) acquired simultaneously on hybrid imaging. METHODS: Fifty patients (33 men, 17 women, mean age 59 years SD 12) referred for coronary artery disease evaluation underwent rubidium-82 PET myocardial ...
Michaux Isabelle - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial performance index, the sum of the 2 isovolumic times divided by the ejection time, contains information on global systolic and diastolic function. This study was performed to determine the feasibility of right ventricular myocardial performance index measurements if measured by transesophageal echocardiography in patients under general anesthesia and ...
Ugander Martin - - 2010
Fractional shortening (FS) by echocardiography is considered to represent the short-axis contribution to the stroke volume (SV), also called short-axis function. However, FS is mathematically coupled to the amount of myocardium, since it rearranges during atrioventricular plane displacement (AVPD). The SV is the sum of the volumes generated by 1) ...
Geerlings Mirjam I - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate brain volumes, white matter lesion (WML) volume and asymptomatic infarcts on MRI in a large cohort of patients with atherosclerotic disease. METHODS: Within the SMART-MR (Second Manifestations of ARTerial disease-Magnetic Resonance) study, a prospective cohort study on determinants and course of brain changes on MRI, cross-sectional analyses ...
Keenan Niall G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to evaluate the value of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in the assessment of patients with Takayasu arteritis (TA). METHODS: Sixteen patients with TA and 2 populations comprising 110 normal volunteers were prospectively recruited. All patients with TA underwent a CMR protocol including measurement of carotid ...
Simonot D L - - 2009
The 34% increase in relative ventricular mass (Mrv) resulting from chronic anaemia (induced by an intraperitoneal injection of phenylhydrazine hydrochloride) was accompanied by a 117% increase in coronary vascular volume of diploid rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Coronary vascular volume of normocythemic triploid fish was similar to that of normocythemic diploid ...
Hein Marc - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of right ventricular ejection fraction and right ventricular end-diastolic volume obtained by volumetric pulmonary artery catheter, using the conductance catheter as reference method. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative study. SETTING: Research laboratory of a university hospital. SUBJECTS: Seven young female German landrace pigs. INTERVENTIONS: Ligation of the ...
Jabot Julien - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test whether cardiac function index could actually behave as an indicator of left ventricular systolic function by testing if 1) it increased with inotropic stimulation; 2) it was not altered by fluid loading; 3) it correlated with the echographic left ventricular ejection fraction, considered as the clinical gold ...
Kino Aya - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new free-breathing 3D phase-sensitive inversion-recovery (PSIR) turbo FLASH pulse sequence for the detection of left ventricular myocardial scar. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients with suspected myocardial scar were examined on a 1.5-T MR scanner for myocardial late enhancement after the administration ...
Punn Rajesh - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography has been used to diagnose and describe left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC). No other study has investigated LVNC using the 16-segment model described by the American Heart Association and the American Society of Echocardiography in children, some of whom have congenital heart disease. Using the ratio of noncompaction to ...
Wilson M - - 2011
Objectives Seventeen male participants (mean (SD) (range): age 33.5 (6.5) years (46-26 years), body mass 80 (9.2) kg (100-63 kg), height 1.81 (0.06) m (1.93- 1.70 m)) ran a marathon to investigate the relationship between systolic function (using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)) and diastolic function (using echocardiography) against biomarkers of ...
Hurwitz Barry E - - 2010
The study examined whether deficits in cardiac output and blood volume in a CFS (chronic fatigue syndrome) cohort were present and linked to illness severity and sedentary lifestyle. Follow-up analyses assessed whether differences in cardiac output levels between CFS and control groups were corrected by controlling for cardiac contractility and ...
Seeger Achim - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital heart disease frequently have complex cardiac and vascular malformations requiring detailed non-invasive diagnostic evaluation including functional parameters. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the morphological and functional information provided by a novel 3-D cine steady-state free-precession (SSFP) sequence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty consecutive children (mean age 2.2 years, nine ...
Hamill Neil - - 2009
The objective of this study was to quantify the repeatability and reproducibility of fetal cardiac ventricular volumes obtained using spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) and Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis (VOCAL; GE Healthcare, Kretztechnik, Zipf, Austria). A technique was developed to compute ventricular volumes using the subfeature Contour Finder: Trace. Twenty-five normal ...
Jhanjee Rajat - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Clinical experience suggests that atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATs) are a frequent comorbidity in heart failure patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and that volume overload may increase AT susceptibility. However, substantiating this apparent relationship in free-living patients is difficult. Recently, certain implantable cardioverter-defibrillators provide, by measuring transpulmonary electric bioimpedance, an ...
De Vecchis Renato - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify the Doppler echocardiographic criteria able to predict clinical deterioration of mild-to- moderate chronic heart failure (CHF) as well as, whenever possible, to evaluate the features of chronological relation of cavitary remodelling in left chambers during follow-up (FU). METHODS: A retrospective, case-controlled study, including a number of CHF ...
Peters Dana C DC Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division), Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2009
To compare higher spatial resolution 3D late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (Cardiac MR) with 2D LGE in patients with prior myocardial infarction. Fourteen patients were studied using high spatial resolution 3D LGE (1.3 x 1.3 x 5.0 mm(3)) and conventional 2D LGE (2 x 2 x 8 mm(3)) ...
MacIver David H - - 2010
The mechanisms of heart failure are ill understood with multiple, heterogeneous hypotheses proposed to describe the condition. This study examines the individual effects of left ventricular hypertrophy, long-axis shortening and the effect of left ventricular remodeling on ejection fraction, end-diastolic volume and stroke volume using a mathematical model of left ...
Stahl Carsten - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Implantable device diagnostics may play an essential role in simplifying the care of heart failure patients by providing fundamental insights into their complex clinical patterns. Early recognition of heart failure progression by a continuous hemodynamic monitoring would allow for timely therapeutic interventions to prevent decompensation and hospitalization. In this ...
Beek A M - - 2010
Reperfusion may cause intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH) by extravasation of erythrocytes through severely damaged endothelial walls. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical significance of IMH in relation to infarct size, microvascular obstruction (MVO) and function in patients after primary percutaneous intervention. Forty-five patients underwent cardiovascular MR imaging ...
Ren Min - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the capability of real-time triplane echocardiography (RT3PE) for monitoring global and regional systolic function of the left ventricle (LV) after surgical revascularization and for evaluating the effect of surgery and predicting restenosis. METHODS: Forty-nine patients underwent RT3PE before and at 10 ...
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