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Results 251 - 300 of 2195
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Goh Ching Yan - - 2011
Over the last decade, it has become increasingly clear that the cardiovascular and renal systems are interdependent. Primary disorders of either system have been shown to disturb the other system. As a result, a class of cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) has been identified where in a vicious cycle is established in ...
House Andrew A - - 2011
Type 4 cardiorenal syndrome is a growing societal problem as the aging population, with increasing incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD), diabetes, obesity, hypertension, and other cardiovascular risks, leads to higher numbers of individuals suffering the complications of this bidirectional disorder. In this review, the immense burden of cardiovascular risk ...
Przybyła Anna - - 2011
The aim of the study was to assess the influence of cardiac resynchronization therapy(CRT) on a series of humoral parameters crucial for the pathophysiology of chronic heart failure such as aldosterone or the inflammatory markers. Thirty eight consecutive patients (aged 66.3 +/- 9.6 years, 31 men - 82% ) with ...
Voeller Rochus K - - 2011
: Over recent years, a variety of energy sources, including bipolar radiofrequency, have been used to replace the traditional incisions of the Cox-Maze procedure for the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel dual-electrode bipolar radiofrequency ...
Smart Neil A - - 2011
Bucindolol is a non-selective β-adrenergic receptor blocker with α-1 blocker properties and mild intrinsic sympatholytic activity. The Beta-Blocker Evaluation of Survival Trial (BEST), which is the largest clinical trial of bucindolol in patients with heart failure, was terminated prematurely and failed to show an overall mortality benefit. However, benefits on ...
Wang Wen - - 2011
Coronary artery disease and ischemic heart disease are leading causes of heart failure and death. Reduced blood flow to heart tissue leads to decreased heart function and symptoms of heart failure. Therapies to improve heart function in chronic coronary artery disease are important to identify. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) are ...
Correale Michele - - 2011
A limited number of studies have used Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) to evaluate the effect of statin therapy on left ventricular dysfunction in patients with chronic heart failure. In this work, we aimed to determine whether statin administration influenced prognosis, inflammatory activation and myocardial performance evaluated by Tissue Doppler Imaging ...
Yilmaz Kadir - - 2011
A young man presented with a chronic abdominal dermal irritation 4 years after implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD; Berlin heart excor). The LVAD was needed because of end-stage heart failure following a chronic parvovirus B19 Infection. The implantation of mechanical circulatory support systems (MCS) has nowadays become ...
Ma Li - - 2010
To investigate whether baseline apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps can be employed to predict both infarct core and salvageable ischemic tissue volumes in acute ischemic stroke. An automated image analysis system based on baseline ADC maps was tested against 30 patients with acute ischemic stroke of anterior circulation to predict ...
Hallén Jonas - - 2010
To investigate the ability of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) to predict functional recovery and left ventricular remodelling following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Post hoc study extending from randomised controlled trial. 132 patients with STEMI receiving pPCI. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), end-diastolic and end-systolic ...
Boyd Anita C - - 2010
Changes in left atrial (LA) volumes after ST elevation myocardial infarction are reported but have not been well described following non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Seventy-five patients with NSTEMIs were studied within 48 hours of presentation and in follow-up at 6 and 12 months; they were compared with age-matched normal ...
Rossato Luciana Grazziotin - - 2011
Synephrine is cited as 'the active component' of plants and dietary supplements used in weight loss. It became one of the most popular stimulants present in weight-loss products after the US Food and Drug Administration had interdicted the use of ephedrine-containing dietary supplements. Synephrine is also a trace amine that ...
Kuwahara Michio - - 2011
Anemia is a common complication of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), which not only lowers their quality of life but also potentially causes cardiovascular diseases such as congestive heart failure and coronary heart disease, and accelerates the progression of renal dysfunction. Pre-dialysis patients were assigned to groups A, B, ...
Aljaroudi W - - 2011
Left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) and perfusion defect size (PDS) provide independent and incremental prognostic information in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between EF and PDS. LVEF and PDS were measured in 96 consecutive patients with CAD and ...
Adhyapak Srilakshmi M - - 2011
Surgical ventricular restoration has been the bailout therapy for end-stage heart failure due to ischemic cardiomyopathy in patients not suitable for cardiac transplantation. The recently concluded STICH trial has stated that surgical restoration of the left ventricle does not benefit this subgroup of patients clinically as compared with revascularization alone. ...
Mori Mika - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation is commonly associated with impaired reservoir and booster functions of the left atrium (LA). Recent advances in two-dimensional speckle tracking technique (2DST) enabled automatic analysis of the time-LA volume curve representing these functions. Our objective was to evaluate LA function in patients with or without paroxysmal atrial fibrillation ...
Alpendurada Francisco - - 2010
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is an inherited connective tissue disease which frequently involves the cardiovascular system. The heart can be affected since valvular regurgitation is a common complication. However, there is still debate whether a primary cardiomyopathy exists. Our aim was to evaluate the existence of a Marfan-related cardiomyopathy using cardiovascular ...
Shahgaldi Kambiz - - 2010
The aim of the study was to investigate whether left ventricular stroke volume (LVSV) assessment using direct measurement of left ventricular outflow tract area (LVOT(A)) is superior to conventional methods for SV calculation. Thirty patients were included in the study (39 ± 12 years). LVSV was assessed by multiplying LVOT ...
Tereshchenko Larisa G - - 2010
Methodological difficulties associated with QT measurements prompt the search for new electrocardiographic markers of repolarization heterogeneity. We hypothesized that beat-to-beat 3-dimensional vectorcardiogram variability predicts ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in patients with structural heart disease, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, and implanted implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). Baseline orthogonal electrocardiograms were recorded in 414 patients ...
Broberg Craig S - - 2010
the etiology of ventricular dysfunction in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) is not well understood. Diffuse fibrosis is a likely common final pathway and is quantifiable using MRI. patients with ACHD (n=50) were studied with cardiac MRI to quantify systemic ventricular volume and function and diffuse fibrosis. The fibrosis index ...
Wilson Helen E - - 2010
Anaemia induces haemodynamic compensatory mechanisms resulting in volume overload and increased left heart dimensions in humans and dogs. The aims of this retrospective study were to investigate the effects of anaemia on echocardiographic left heart dimensions, vertebral heart size (VHS) and radiographic evidence of congestive heart failure (CHF) in cats. Fifteen cats ...
Cowie B S - - 2010
Ultrasound applications in perioperative medicine have expanded enormously over the past decade. Transoesophageal echocardiography has been performed by anaesthetists during cardiac surgery for over 20 years. With the increasing availability of portable ultrasound systems, the use of ultrasound to assist in vascular cannulation and regional anaesthesia has been well described. ...
Singh Raveen - - 2010
The deleterious effects of anesthetic agents in patients suffering from coronary artery disease are well known. The risk increases when a patient has compromised ventricular function. There is a paucity of literature regarding the choice of the suitable agent to avoid deleterious effects in such patients. The use of etomidate ...
Chang Xiao-Rong - - 2010
The effect of acupuncture at the acupoints of 12 meridians on gastrointestinal and cardiac electricity in healthy adults was studied. Specific regulation between meridian points and viscera was also investigated. An electrogastrogram (EGG), electrointestinogram (EIG), carotid pulse graph, phonocardiogram and electrocardiogram were obtained in 30 healthy adults before and after ...
Scharf Michael - - 2010
PURPOSE: To assess cardiac morphologic and functional adaptations in elite triathletes with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and to compare findings to those in recreationally active control subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved the study, and written informed consent was obtained from all subjects. Twenty-six male triathletes (mean ...
Chouliaras Giorgos L - - 2010
Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) has replaced all other surrogate measurements in the determination of transfusional cardiac iron overload in patients with thalassaemia major. We aimed to determine the diagnostic value of CMR T2* with respect to cardiac dysfunction (CD) as determined by CMR-derived left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Cardiac T2* ...
Ugander Martin - - 2010
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the usefulness of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for estimating pulmonary blood volume (PBV) and the variation in PBV throughout the cardiac cycle in experimental heart failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The animal care committee approved this prospective study. Seven pigs were studied before and after myocardial infarction. ...
Reant Patricia - - 2010
Conventionally, the evaluation of left ventricular (LV) systolic function is based on ejection fraction assessment, which may be supplemented by other echocardiographic techniques, such as tissue Doppler imaging, 3D evaluation, and speckle tracking strains. However, these imaging modalities have a high technicity and are time-consuming, while being associated with reproducibility ...
Bauer Axel - - 2010
Assessment of spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), an index of autonomic function, poses practical challenges. In this pilot study, we propose a novel technique for assessment of spontaneous BRS based on bivariate phase-rectified signal averaging (PRSA). This is an extension of the monovariate PRSA technology used for calculation of deceleration capacity. ...
Vural Murat - - 2010
To compare multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DE) for left ventricular ejection fraction (EF); and to make comparison between reconstructions of 1-mm and 2-mm slice thickness at MDCT in left ventricular analysis by using a semiautomated segmentation algorithm. In 43 patients global left ventricular systolic function was ...
Herberg U - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, accuracy and reliability of 3D real-time echocardiography for fetal heart volumetry. Fifty unselected and consecutive fetuses, including 14 with cardiac malformations, were scanned prospectively using real-time 3D matrix technology and 2D echocardiography to determine ventricular volumes. Small phantoms as well ...
Wachtell Kristian - - 2010
Endocardial fractional shortening (EFS) and midwall shortening (MWS) are impaired in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy. However, it remains unknown whether improvement of left ventricular systolic function during treatment reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients with preserved left ventricular function. Echocardiograms were performed yearly in 840 hypertensive patients ...
Filizcan Uğur - - 2010
Left ventricular (LV) pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication of myocardial infarction. It may also occur as a complication of mitral valve surgery, chest trauma, and bacterial endocarditis. It forms when a cardiac rupture contains adherent pericardium or scar tissue and is typically located on the posterior or inferior LV wall. ...
Guo Shi-Zun - - 2010
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) seems to improve cardiac function and perfusion when used systemically through mobilization of stem cells into peripheral blood, but results of previous clinical trials remain controversial. This study was designed to investigate safety and efficacy of subcutaneous injection of G-CSF on left ventricular function in patients ...
Heidary Shahriar - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates how characterization of tissue heterogeneity of myocardial infarction by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is associated with cardiovascular events (CVE) in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). BACKGROUND: Prior studies demonstrated that the quantification of myocardial scar volume by CMR is superior to left ventricular end-diastolic volume, left ...
Kazui Toshinobu - - 2011
We performed echocardiographic tissue tracking to investigate whether mitral valve repair preserves left ventricular function. We studied 16 subjects without heart disease (11 male; mean age, 54.6 ± 15.1 years) and 18 patients in normal sinus rhythm undergoing solitary mitral valve repair (12 male; mean age, 53.6 ± 16.6 years). Transthoracic echocardiography ...
Babbs Charles F - - 2010
The conventional impedance cardiogram is a record of pulsatile changes in the electrical impedance of the chest with each heartbeat. The signal seems intuitively related to cardiac stroke volume. However doubts persist about the validity of stroke volume measurements based on electrical impedance. This paper presents a new electrical axis ...
Animasahun B A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Few studies documenting the echocardiographic findings of patients with sickle cell anaemia have been reported from Africa despite the high prevalence of the disease on the continent. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to determine echocardiographic cardiac dimensions and haemodynamic parameters of children with homozygous sickle cell anaemia ...
Hong Ji Yeon - - 2010
Heart failure rarely occurs in patients with thyrotoxicosis (6%), with half of the cases having left ventricular dysfunction (LVD). Although a few studies reported isolated right heart failure in thyrotoxicosis, there has been no evaluation of relationship between LVD and right ventricular dysfunction (RVD). We enrolled 12 patients (mean age: ...
Cheung Yiu-fai - - 2010
The M-mode-derived left ventricular shortening fraction is incorporated into most of the paediatric oncology protocols for monitoring of cardiotoxicity. This study tested the hypothesis that alteration of left ventricular myocardial deformation and mechanical dyssynchrony may occur in asymptomatic children after anthracycline therapy despite having left ventricular shortening fractions within the ...
van der Veen Berlinda J - - 2010
Semiquantitative analysis of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) has reduced inter- and intraobserver variability, and enables researchers to compare parameters in the same patient over time, or between groups of patients. There are several software packages available that are designed to process MPS data and quantify parameters. In this study the ...
Baba Akiyasu - - 2010
Cardiodepressant IgG3 autoantibodies (CD-Abs) can be targeted by apheresis. Using blinded measurements of CD-Abs before and after immunoadsorption (IA), the cardiac function of patients who did or did not achieve complete CD-Abs elimination was compared. Autoantibodies were completely removed from 18 patients with heart failure (New York Heart Association class ...
Riesenkampff Eugénie - - 2010
The atria play an important role in cardiac performance. We evaluated their function and the atrioventricular interaction in operated patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Twenty patients who had undergone surgical repair of TOF and seven controls were investigated. Patients had residual pulmonary but no major tricuspid valve insufficiency. Atrial ...
Chrysohoou Christina - - 2010
The purpose of this work was to evaluate the relation between serum glucose levels at hospital admission and left ventricular systolic function in nondiabetic patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Of the 1000 ACS patients who were consecutively enrolled during 2007-2008, 583 (63 +/- 13 years, 20% females) nondiabetic ...
Calafiore Antonio M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We report the long-term results of left ventricular surgical restoration in which 2 different strategies were used, which had restoration of ventricular volume or ventricular shape as their target. METHODS: From 1988 to 2008, 308 patients with anterior scars underwent elective left ventricular surgical restoration. Before 2002, a Dor ...
Nihill Michael R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To develop a simple method to assess right ventricular function by angiography. BACKGROUND: Conventional methods of evaluating right ventricular function are inaccurate, cumbersome, and expensive. METHODS: We analyzed biplane right ventricular angiograms taken in the posterior-anterior and lateral projections using software to measure right ventricular volumes and regional wall ...
Scharf Michael - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Professional, long-term physical training is associated with cardiac morphologic and functional changes that depend on the type of exercise performed. So far, the specific effect of soccer training on cardiac morphology has not been investigated with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI). We sought to use CMRI to study left ...
Macron Laurent - - 2010
Real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) is superior to 2D echocardiography in assessing left ventricular (LV) volumes and ejection fraction (EF), but its feasibility is limited by multibeat acquisition, which requires an optimal breath-hold and a regular heart rhythm. We sought to evaluate the accuracy and feasibility of single- and 2-beat RT3DE ...
Gweon Hye Mi - - 2010
To prospectively assess the relationship between the two different measurement methods for the evaluation of left atrial (LA) volume using cardiac multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and to compare the results between cardiac MDCT and echocardiography. Thirty-five patients (20 men, 15 women; mean age, 60 years) underwent cardiac MDCT angiography for ...
Wolf Florian - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare a manual and automated 3D volume segmentation tool for evaluation of left atrial (LA) function by 64-slice multidetector-CT (MDCT). In 33 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation a MDCT scan was performed before radiofrequency-catheter ablation. Atrial function (minimal volume (LAmin), maximal volume (LAmax), ...
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