Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2196
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Kubin Thomas - - 2011
Cardiomyocyte remodeling, which includes partial dedifferentiation of cardiomyocytes, is a process that occurs during both acute and chronic disease processes. Here, we demonstrate that oncostatin M (OSM) is a major mediator of cardiomyocyte dedifferentiation and remodeling during acute myocardial infarction (MI) and in chronic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Patients suffering from ...
Jugdutt Bodh I - - 2012
Myocardial infarction (MI) accounts for most incidences of heart failure (HF) and low ejection fraction. Evidence suggests that acute MI leads to early cardiac remodeling, with changes in ventricular geometry and structure that in turn lead to a vicious cycle of ventricular dilation, increased wall stress, hypertrophy and more ventricular ...
Kornet Lilian - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Stimulation of the intra-cardiac vagal nerves innervating the AV-node (AVNS) is a promising approach to slow down ventricular rate (VR) during atrial fibrillation (AF). Our purpose was to demonstrate that effects on R-R-interval during stable AF can be maintained for several months once optimized and that AVNS affects specifically ...
Hasdemir Can - - 2011
A 70-year-old woman presented with a 1-year history of dry cough. Extensive work-up ruled out common causes of chronic cough. She was found to have very frequent, monomorphic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) and mild-to-moderate left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Propafenone 450 mg/day resulted in complete resolution of her cough and disappearance ...
Reifart N - - 2011
Percutaneous coronary intervention for chronic total occlusions is the most challenging and time consuming intervention in Cardiology. It is evolving rapidly, well documented by a successrate that in the hands of specifically trained operators recently increased from about 60% to 90% and longterm patency because of drug eluting stents from ...
Lango Romuald - - 2011
Background: Pericardiocentesis for the treatment of chronic cardiac tamponade can occasionally result in acute pulmonary edema or biventricular failure. A sudden increase in heart filling pressures and right-to-left ventricular-output mismatch have been proposed underlying mechanisms.Case Report: We report the case of 16-year-old patient who underwent pericardiocentesis for chronic cardiac tamponade ...
Azam Ahmad Fithri - - 2011
Chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) is a rare manifestation of coronary artery disease (CAD) and defined by a total absence of antegrade blood flow to the left anterior descending (LAD) and circumflex (Cx) system. Patients are at high risk of myocardial ischaemia as a ...
Nwiloh Jonathan O - - 2011
Severe primary tricuspid regurgitation is a rare entity, with most cases of tricuspid regurgitation being functional and secondary to pulmonary hypertension from left heart pathologies. We report an unusual case of a female patient with a history of left pneumonectomy and chronic atrial fibrillation many years earlier, and who subsequently ...
Tsai Yi-Ting - - 2011
BACKGROUND: On-pump beating-heart coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) is beneficial due to the elimination of cardioplegic arrest. However, there are few reports regarding its efficacy in chronic hemodialysis patients. This study investigated the potential benefits of on-pump beating-heart CABG in chronic hemodialysis patients.METHODS: From January 2002 to January 2010, ...
Yilmazer Murat Muhtar - - 2011
This study investigated the predictors of chronic valvular disease in children with rheumatic carditis. The short- to mid-term follow-up records of 88 patients (mean age, 10.68 ± 2.5 years) with chronic rheumatic heart disease were reviewed. The mean follow-up period was 2.95 ± 1.4 years. Valvular involvement completely improved for 24 of the patients (27%) during ...
Soleimani Mehrdad - - 2011
Chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) is associated with poor outcome. However, the effect of chronic ischemic MR on left ventricular (LV) remodeling after posterolateral myocardial infarction (MI) remains controversial. We tested the hypothesis that moderate MR accelerates LV remodeling after posterolateral MI. Posterolateral MI was created in 10 sheep. Cardiac ...
Wijeysundera Harindra C - - 2011
Quality indicators in coronary heart disease (CHD) measure the practice gap between optimal care and current clinical practice. However, the potential impact of achieving quality indicator benchmarks remains unknown. Using a validated, epidemiologic model of CHD in Ontario, Canada, we estimated the potential impact on mortality of improved utilization on ...
Smedsrud Marit Kristine - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether global longitudinal strain measured by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography could detect incipient myocardial dysfunction in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation (AR). Disclosing left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is of decisive importance for optimal timing of surgery but challenging because of the ...
Haeusler Karl Georg - - 2011
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is one of the leading causes of hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality worldwide. This review summarizes current knowledge with regard to CHF as a risk factor for ischemic stroke. CHF is associated with an increased risk of thrombus formation and is accompanied by a 2- to 3-fold ...
Jungbauer Carsten G - - 2011
Abstract Background: Troponin T is an established marker of myocardial ischemia. We speculated that the role of the new high-sensitive troponin T (hs-cTnT) might expand towards non-ischemic myocardial disease, indicate disease severity and allow for prognostication in chronic heart failure. Methods: Hs-cTnT (Roche Diagnostics, Mannheim, Germany) was assessed in 233 ...
Ritzema Jay L - - 2011
This study sought to determine the accuracy of Doppler echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) measurements in detecting elevated left atrial pressure (LAP) in ambulant subjects with chronic heart failure using directly measured LAP as the reference. Echocardiographic indexes including the ratio of transmitral to annular early diastolic velocities (E/e') ...
Ramalli Jr Edvaldo Luiz - - 2011
Several studies show that portions of intramyocardial coronary arteries are spared of arteriosclerosis, involving morphological, embryological, biochemical and pathophysiological aspects. Endothelial function is significantly affected in the segment of transition, as estimated by the vasoactive response to Ach. These findings suggest that myocardial bridge can provide protection against arteriosclerosis by ...
Regenfus Matthias - - 2011
Delayed contrast-enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance (DE-CMR) allows assessment of reversibility of myocardial dysfunction. Comparative data to other modalities is scarce. Purpose of this study was to compare DE-CMR and (201)Thallium single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for prediction of reversible left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in patients with chronic ischaemic heart ...
Kerl J Matthias - - 2011
Detection of myocardial infarction has been the focus of considerable research over the past few decades. Recently developed dual source computed tomography (DSCT) scanners with dual energy mode have been used to detect myocardial infarction, but the studies on this topic are few. To evaluate the feasibility and performance of ...
Canty John M JM - - 2012
A large body of evidence has demonstrated that there is a close coupling between regional myocardial perfusion and contractile function. When ischemia is mild, this can result in the development of a new balance between supply and energy utilization that allows the heart to adapt for a period of hours ...
Krum Henry - - 2011
Understanding of contemporary pharmacological therapy for chronic heart failure continues to evolve. In this Review, we discuss how findings from clinical trials have caused the roles of old therapies to be expanded and past treatment algorithms to be challenged. Several trials investigating preserved ejection fraction as a measure of heart ...
Shah Ajay M AM King's College London British Heart Foundation Centre of Excellence, London, UK. - - 2011
Chronic heart failure continues to impose a substantial health-care burden, despite recent treatment advances. The key pathophysiological process that ultimately leads to chronic heart failure is cardiac remodelling in response to chronic disease stresses. Here, we review recent advances in our understanding of molecular and cellular mechanisms that play a ...
Jungbauer Carsten G - - 2011
AIMS: Patients with chronic heart failure are often characterized by impaired renal function, also referred to as cardiorenal syndrome (CRS). The aim of this study was to assess whether novel markers of kidney injury are elevated in chronic heart failure and CRS. METHODS AND RESULTS: The new renal biomarkers kidney ...
Lemieux Hélène - - 2011
Heart failure is a consequence of progressive deterioration of cardiac performance. Little is known about the role of impaired oxidative phosphorylation in the progression of the disease, since previous studies of mitochondrial injuries are restricted to end-stage chronic heart failure. The present study aimed at evaluating the involvement of mitochondrial ...
Haruki Nobuhiko - - 2011
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine differences in the acute and chronic impact of adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) on left chamber geometry and function in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: An acute ASV study was performed to measure echocardiographic parameters before and 30 min ...
Penn M S - - 2011
The field of cardiovascular regenerative medicine has made significant strides over the past decade. Clinical trials have demonstrated benefit in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and chronic heart failure (CHF). As the field has matured, it has defined novel biology and invented an array of therapeutic strategies that are currently under ...
Ogita Manabu - - 2011
Acute renal insufficiency after percutaneous coronary artery intervention (PCI) is a strong predictor of adverse events. However, the effect of chronic renal impairment on the long-term outcomes after PCI has not been well established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of deteriorated renal function during the ...
Richards A Mark - - 2011
Plasma B type cardiac natriuretic peptides reflect cardiac structure and function and have proven roles in assisting in the diagnosis of acute heart failure. They are also powerful independent prognostic indicators across the full spectrum of cardiovascular disease. The efficacy of serial measurements of plasma B type peptides in guiding ...
Boyé Philipp - - 2011
We hypothesized that infarct transmurality assessed with late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR) predicts arrhythmic events in patients with chronic myocardial infarction. Patients with decreased left ventricular function due to chronic myocardial infarction are at increased risk for life-threatening arrhythmias related to infarcted tissue. LGE-CMR accurately detects infarct morphology. ...
Sabbah Hani N HN Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Henry Ford Heart & Vascular Institute, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, USA. - - 2011
Autonomic dysregulation is a feature of chronic heart failure (HF) and is characterized by a sustained increase of sympathetic drive and by withdrawal of parasympathetic activity. Both sympathetic overdrive and increased heart rate are predictors of poor long-term outcome in patients with HF. Pharmacologic agents that partially inhibit sympathetic activity, ...
Sachdeva Rajesh - - 2011
With the advent of new tools and techniques including the retrograde approach, success rates for recanalization of chronic total occlusion (CTO) have improved. Numerous cardiac and extracardiac complications during retrograde CTO recanalization have been described. To date the development of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with retrograde recanalization as a ...
Delattre Bénédicte M A - - 2011
Manganese (Mn(2+) ) is considered as a specific MRI contrast agent that enters viable cardiomyocytes through calcium pathways. Compared to extracellular gadolinium based contrast agents, it has the potential to assess cell viability. To date, only information from the washout phase after recirculation has been used for the detection and ...
Ky Bonnie - - 2011
We sought to evaluate placental growth factor (PlGF) and soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) as clinical biomarkers in chronic heart failure (HF). Vascular remodeling is a crucial compensatory mechanism in chronic HF. The angiogenic ligand PlGF and its target receptor fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 modulate vascular growth and function, ...
Soleimani Alireza - - 2011
Introduction. Since the level of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) increases in heart failure, elevated plasma BNP concentration is used as a predictor in the diagnosis and management of heart failure. Due to the diminished renal clearance of BNP, its level is above normal in kidney failure. This study evaluated the ...
Zhao Jing-Lin - - 2011
Introduction: Metformin is one of the most commonly prescribed antihyperglycemic agents for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, little is known about the effect of metformin on no-reflow in diabetic patients. Aim: In this study, we investigated retrospectively whether chronic pretreatment with metformin was associated with no-reflow in diabetic ...
Kociemba Anna - - 2011
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has a growing application in the diagnostics of myocardial infarction (MI). It is a non-invasive method that can be used regardless of the shape of patient's body. A single study allows assessment of the morphology and function of the cardiac muscle. It visualizes many pathophysiologic changes ...
Chowdhury Ujjwal K - - 2011
We report the case of a 26-year-old male patient who developed primary left ventricular failure with subsequent biventricular failure early following intracardiac repair of tetralogy of Fallot. The failing biventricular circulation was successfully supported using intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation. Aortic counterpulsation facilitates recovery of biventricular function and appears to be a ...
Maciver David H - - 2011
No single well established hypothesis for the mechanisms of heart failure currently exists. Those definitions that do exist are either not universally applicable or are not exclusive to heart failure. The pathogenesis of heart failure has been considered by some to be too complex to define with multiple pathophysiological processes ...
Shriki Jabi E - - 2011
Because balanced steady-state free precession (SSFP) sequences are opposed-phase gradient echo techniques, linear low signal due to chemical shift artefact is observed at fat-water interfaces. We observed that some patients with chronic myocardial infarctions had linear low signal along the inner myocardial wall in areas of infarction, which we postulated ...
Ducas R A - - 2011
Arsenic trioxide has become the treatment of choice for patients with acute promyelocytic leukaemia. Cardiovascular toxicity is known to occur with this therapy, in particular heart rhythm disorders due to QT interval prolongation. We present a case of ventricular arrhythmia with no QT prolongation in a patient receiving arsenic trioxide ...
El-Armouche Ali - - 2011
Follistatin-like 1 (FSTL1) is an extracellular glycoprotein found in human serum. Recent work suggests that FSTL1 is secreted in response to ischemic injuries and that its overexpression is protective in the heart and vasculature. We examined serum FSTL1 levels in patients with chronic heart failure with left ventricular (LV) ejection ...
Su Mao-Yuan M - - 2011
PURPOSE: To study the effect of exercise training on the myocardial perfusion in the postinfarct myocardium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with stable chronic myocardial infarction were randomly assigned to either a training group (N = 17) or a control group (N = 12). The training group received a 3-month ...
Gauna A - - 2011
Background: How the duration of hypothyroidism affects left ventricular diastolic function is not well-characterized. Aim: We sought to compare left ventricular diastolic function in acutely vs. chronically hypothyroid patients vs. euthyroid controls, and within individuals while on vs. off T4. Subjects and Methods: We prospectively performed such comparisons measuring pulsed-wave ...
Tang W H Wilson - - 2011
Galectin-3 plays an important role in fibroblast activation and fibrosis in animal models. Increased galectin-3 levels are associated with poor long-term survival in heart failure (HF). We examined the relation between plasma galectin-3 levels and myocardial indexes of systolic HF. We measured plasma galectin-3 in 133 subjects with chronic HF ...
Dini Frank Lloyd - - 2011
Many descriptors of left ventricular (LV) remodeling have important prognostic implications in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HF). We sought to assess the prognostic value of the combination of increased LV mass with a disproportion between wall thickness and internal diameter. Patients (n = 536) with chronic HF, ejection ...
Cubbon Richard M RM University of Leeds, Leeds, United - - 2011
Therapies for patients with chronic heart failure caused by left ventricular systolic dysfunction have advanced substantially over recent decades. The cumulative effect of these therapies on mortality, mode of death, symptoms, and clinical characteristics has yet to be defined. This study was a comparison of 2 prospective cohort studies of ...
Bin Salih Salih A - - 2011
To report on the clinical presentation, etiology, and laboratory features of acute and chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) in a tertiary hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We retrospectively studied records of 720 patients with AF seen in outpatients and inpatients departments at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, during the period of ...
Burns Kevin V - - 2011
Chronic right ventricular pacing may lead to left ventricular dyssynchrony, systolic dysfunction, remodeling, and heart failure. Cardiac mechanics may differ between paced and nonpaced heart failure patients, and their optimal treatment may also differ. Echocardiograms were analyzed using tissue Doppler imaging and speckle tracking echocardiography in 20 patients with chronic ...
White Harvey D - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To define why a standardized bleeding definition is required and discuss the merits of the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) definitions. RECENT FINDINGS: In acute coronary syndromes, bleeding is related to increased mortality, myocardial infarction, and stroke. As newer antiplatelet and antithrombotic agents are developed for the ...
Sibille Louis - - 2011
Gated blood-pool single-photon emission computed tomography (GBPS) was compared with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) for the measurement of left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) ejection fractions (EF) and volumes [end-diastolic volume (EDV) or end-systolic volume (ESV)] in a mixed population. Thirty patients (70% men; mean age: 61±14 years) referred ...
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