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Dalsgaard Morten - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) size is known to increase with chronically increased left ventricular (LV) filling pressure. We hypothesized that LA volume was predictive of aortic valve replacement (AVR) and cardiovascular events in a large cohort of patients with asymptomatic mild to moderate aortic valve stenosis. METHODS: Transthoracic echocardiography was ...
Vijayalakshmi I B - - 2013
Aorto-right ventricular tunnel (ARVT) is a very rare, congenital, abnormal extracardiac channel that connects the ascending aorta at or above the sinotubular junction to the cavity of the right ventricle. Only 16 cases have been reported thus far in the English literature. We report the first transcatheter closure of ARVT ...
Teimouri Hassan - - 2013
Right ventricular failure due to right coronary artery disease, right ventricular hypertrophy, stunning, abnormal septal motion, myocardial infarction, or non-homogeneous distribution of cardioplegia is an uncommon but serious complication of open heart surgery. We report a patient with severe right ventricular hypertrophy secondary to severe mitral valve stenosis and another ...
Kim Jongho - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The strength and nature of the relationship between myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), coronary flow reserve (CFR), and coronary artery calcium (CAC) and thoracic aorta calcium (TAC) remain to be clarified. METHODS: Dynamic rest-pharmacological stress 82Rb positron emission tomography/computed tomography MPI with CFR, CAC, and TAC was performed in 75 ...
Nagata Hazumu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hemodynamic changes in left ventricular function before and after patent ductus arteriosus ligation in premature infants with regard to the energetic efficiency of left ventricular pumping. METHODS: Thirty-five premature infants who underwent patent ductus arteriosus ligation were enrolled in this ...
Kupari Markku - - 2013
Myocardial fibrosis predisposes to heart failure in aortic valve stenosis. The study aim was to determine the value of: (i) circulating collagen metabolites as biomarkers of left ventricular fibrosis and heart failure in aortic stenosis; and (ii) myocardial fibrosis as a predictor of postoperative outcome. Among a total of 132 ...
Tarantini Giuseppe - - 2013
An 88-year-old man with severe aortic stenosis and normal left ventricular ejection fraction underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation via a transapical approach, without periprocedural complications. Some 16 months later the patient was readmitted because of worsening dyspnea, when left ventricular dysfunction due to apical akinesia was identified. A gated, rest-only ...
Beach Jocelyn M - - 2013
The study sought to contrast risk profiles and compare outcomes of patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR) and coronary artery bypass grafting (AS+CABG) with those of patients with isolated AS who underwent AVR alone. In patients with severe AS, ...
Bang Casper N - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) size and function change with chronically increased left ventricular (LV) filling pressures. It remains unclear whether these variations in LA parameters can predict new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS: Data were obtained in asymptomatic patients with mild-to-moderate AS (2.5≤ transaortic ...
Broyd Christopher J CJ International Centre for Circulatory Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, 59-61 North Wharf Road, London W2 1LA, UK. - - 2013
Wave-intensity analysis is a technique that can qualify both the direction and magnitude of the forces accelerating and decelerating coronary blood flow and is derived from simultaneously acquired measures of coronary pressure and velocity using invasive intracoronary wires. Using this technique during TAVI, the dominant force (or 'wave') acting to ...
Leonardi Benedetta - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Reduced long-axis shortening despite enhanced global function has been reported in aortic stenosis. We sought to improve the understanding of this phenomenon using multi-dimensional strain analysis in conjunction with the evaluation of left ventricular rotation and twist - ventricular torsion - using tissue Doppler techniques. METHODS: A total of ...
Inoue Yosuke - - 2013
Background: After abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair, relatively low survival during long-term follow-up remains an unresolved issue. Stress myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) well predicts future mortality overall, as well as providing diagnoses of coronary artery disease. The prognostic value of myocardial SPECT findings after AAA repair, however, remains ...
Baydar Onur - - 2013
Left ventricular outflow tract pseudoaneurysm is a rare but a potentially lethal complication, mainly after aortic root endocarditis or surgery. Usually, it originates from a dehiscence in the mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa and arises posteriorly to the aortic root. We report a rare case of a patient with cardiac tamponade due ...
Espirito Santo Carlos Vinícius Abreu do - - 2013
The patient, MSM, a 69-year-old man, sought medical care due to left dorsal and right lower limb pain. The chest x-ray showed mediastinal enlargement. He was undergoing examination when he lost consciousness and went into shock. Subcutaneous emphysema was observed in the left hemithorax, as well as abolition of breath ...
Negi Smita I - - 2013
Evaluation of: Thiele H, Zeymer U, Neumann FJ et al; IABP-SHOCK II Trial Investigators. Intra-aortic balloon support for myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock. N. Engl. J. Med. 367(14), 1287-1296 (2012). Cardiogenic shock (CS) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is associated with high mortality. Ventricular support devices such as intra-aortic balloon ...
Malakan Rad Elaheh - - 2013
We report postoperative normalization of left ventricular noncompaction in a neonate undergoing successful neonatal surgery for type II aorta to left ventricular tunnel (ALVT) associated with a large patent ductus arteriosus, floppy and extremely redundant anterior mitral leaflet, right coronary artery arising directly from the tunnel, and severe left ventricular ...
Cai Min - - 2013
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is defined as a primary and familial cardiac disorder characterized by heterogeneous expression, unique pathophysiology and considerable diversity in clinical presentation. Clinical diagnosis was mainly based on the performance of ECG. In addition, cardiovascular MRI or ECG plays an important role in the diagnosis. Nevertheless, myocardial radionuclide imaging, ...
Bhaya Maneesha - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the ability of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3DTEE) in measuring (1) atrial septal defect (ASD) maximum dimension, area, and adjacent rim size, (2) ASD occluder left and right atrial disk size, (3) length of contact between the left atrial (LA) disk and the aorta, and ...
Beach Jocelyn M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: We sought to understand the factors modulating left heart reverse remodeling after aortic valve replacement, the relationship between the preoperative symptoms and modulators of left heart remodeling, and their influence on long-term survival. METHODS: From October 1991 to January 2008, 4264 patients underwent primary aortic valve replacement for aortic ...
Goldberg Joshua B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: =0.003). Patients with preserved EF had significantly improved 6-month and 8-year survival compared with their reduced EF counterparts.Conclusions-Survival after AVR or AVR+coronary artery bypass grafting was most favorable among patients with preoperative preserved EF. However, patients with mild to moderately depressed EF experienced a substantial survival benefit compared with ...
Chen Huiwen - - 2013
Controversy still exists on the use of the optimal cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) management in aortic coarctation (CoA) with ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair. We report the outcome of patients undergoing continuous cerebral and myocardial perfusion (CCMP) under mild hypothermia. This is a retrospective analysis of 60 consecutive patients undergoing anatomic ...
Ghodduci K M - - 2013
Supravalvar aortic stenosis (SVAS) is a form of congenital left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction that occurs as a localized or diffuse narrowing of the ascending aorta beyond the superior margin of the sinuses of Valsalva. SVAS is a rare progressive congenital heart defect with a higher risk of sudden ...
Yildirim Ayse - - 2013
Aorto-left ventricular tunnel, characterized by extracardiac communication between the ascending aorta and left ventricle, is a very rare congenital condition. Although some affected infants remain asymptomatic until adulthood, most present with symptoms of heart failure during their first year of life. We report the case of an 11-year-old boy who ...
Cecchi Emanuele - - 2013
An 80-year-old diabetic man with severe aortic stenosis was admitted to our hospital for cardiogenic shock complicating non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Echocardiographic evaluation showed also a severe degree of both left ventricular dysfunction and mitral regurgitation. The patient was initially stabilized with inotropes and mechanical ventilation was necessary because of concurrent ...
Zasada Wojciech - - 2013
Among heterogeneous groups of patients admitted to the catheterisation laboratory due to non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), there are increasing numbers with coexisting valvular heart diseases. A 66-year-old man was transferred to our centre with a diagnosis of NSTEMI. Immediate echocardiogram was performed in which a left ventricular ejection fraction ...
Ren B - - 2013
This study aimed to provide data for imaging diagnosis and clinical surgical plans by reconstructing a three-dimensional (3-D) digital visible heart model of single ventricle (SV) connection with aortic coarctation (CoA) and characterizing the myocardial and vascular wall pathological characteristics. Fifteen miscarried fetus cadavers with SV and CoA were selected. ...
Ghaffari Samad S Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical sciences, Tabriz, - - 2013
The severity of coronary artery stenosis which leads to myocardial infarction (MI) has been a matter of controversy. Historical data are in favor of mild luminal stenosis (<50% diameter stenosis) while recent studies suggest hemodynamically-significant coronary stenosis as the main substrate for subsequent MI. Also, mechanical stress resulted from coronary ...
Ji Li-Li LL Department of Emergency Medicine, Dalian Central Hospital, Dalian 116033, - - 2013
Intravenous transplantation has been regarded as a most safe method in stem cell therapies. There is evidence showing the homing of bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) into the injured sites, and thus these cells can be used in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (MI). This study aimed to investigate ...
Di Eusanio Marco - - 2013
In redo aortic surgery, an important issue of brain and myocardial protection is raised in patients presenting with large aneurysm (or pseudoaneurysm) adherent to the sternum and severe aortic valve regurgitation. We present our technique involving antegrade brain perfusion before resternotomy and left ventricle venting through the apex using a ...
De Araújo Gonçalves Pedro - - 2012
AIMS: Nonobstructive coronary atherosclerotic lesions can lead to ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Thrombus aspiration during a primary percutaneous coronary intervention provides a setting to evaluate the degree of stenosis of culprit lesions leading to STEMI. The aim of this study was to assess the degree of culprit lesion residual stenosis ...
Starck Christoph Thomas - - 2012
Ventricular arrhythmias occur predominantly in patients with structural heart disease. The most common substrate is scarring due to ischemic heart disease. We present an uncommon cause of ventricular tachycardia due to excessive right coronary artery stretch in a patient with a giant pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta years after aortic ...
Carbone Junior Clovis - - 2012
The present investigation aimed to study the protective effect of intermittent normothermic cardioplegia in rabbit's hypertrophic hearts. The parameters chosen were 1) the ratio heart weight / body weight, 2) the myocardial glycogen levels, 3) ultrastructural changes of light and electron microscopy, and 4) mitochondrial respiration. 1) The experimental model, ...
Caetano Francisca - - 2012
Congestive heart failure and left ventricular dysfunction in the setting of severe aortic stenosis are associated with a high mortality rate. Evidence on optimal medical therapy is scanty. Vasodilators were traditionally considered to be contraindicated in severe aortic stenosis, albeit this concept has recently been challenged. The use of levosimendan, ...
Tanaka Hideyuki - - 2012
Left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy is a rare type of congenital cardiomyopathy characterized by prematurely arrested compaction of the endocardial and myocardial fibers and the progressive deterioration of left ventricular contractility. This entity is a genetically heterogeneous disorder and has a wide spectrum of presentation from no symptoms to critical disabling ...
Park Matthew V MV Pediatrix Medical Group, Northwest Children's Heart Care, 314 Martin Luther King Junior Way, Suite #303, Tacoma, WA 98405, USA. - - 2013
Embryologic development of atrial septum primum antedates formation of the atrioventricular and semilunar valves. Leftward displacement of the superior attachment of septum primum (LDSP) has only been described in hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). This study reports the frequency of LDSP in HLHS and correlates LDSP with other echocardiographic features ...
Aldrovandi Annachiara - - 2012
It is known that a significant number of patients experiencing an acute myocardial infarction have normal coronary arteries or nonsignificant coronary disease at coronary angiography (CA). Computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) can identify the presence of plaques, even in the absence of significant coronary stenosis. This study evaluated the role ...
Hu Kai - - 2012
Mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) has been suggested as a parameter for left ventricular (LV) function. This review describes the current clinical application and potential implications of routinely using MAPSE in patients with various cardiovascular diseases. Reduced MAPSE reflects impaired longitudinal function and thus provides complementary information to ejection ...
Maeda Koichi - - 2012
Abstract  Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has recently been shown to be feasible in patients with severe aortic stenosis who are considered inoperable. We perform TAVR with cardiopulmonary support (CPS) for patients with low left ventricular (LV) function. We report two successful cases of TAVR on CPS in patients with ...
Selamet Tierney Elif Seda - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative left ventricular dysfunction is associated with poor prognosis in adults with severe chronic aortic regurgitation and published practice guidelines aim to minimize this risk. However, only limited information exists in pediatrics. The goal of this study was to define preoperative risk factors for postoperative left ventricular dysfunction in ...
Rossi Andrea - - 2012
Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is thought to be linked with ventricular afterload. However, the relation between aortic stiffness, which is a main determinant of ventricular afterload, and quantitatively assessed mitral regurgitation is unknown. A total of 175 patients (age 61 ± 13; 85 % male) with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction were studied ...
Cox Daniel A - - 2012
The management of pediatric and adolescent patients with pure aortic valve regurgitation remains challenging and controversial (Christos et al., Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 17:125-133, 2000; Gersony and Sommerville, ACC Curr J Rev 31:97-98, 2000; Hasaniya et al., J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 127:970-974, 2004; Sabet et al., Mayo Clin 74:14-26, 1999; ...
Pibarot Philippe - - 2012
Low-flow, low-gradient (LF-LG) aortic stenosis (AS) may occur with depressed or preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and both situations are among the most challenging encountered in patients with valvular heart disease. In both cases, the decrease in gradient relative to AS severity is due to a reduction in transvalvular ...
Iannucci Glen J - - 2012
The combination of both right and left heart obstruction has only rarely been described in the medical literature. We present three cases of coarctation of the aorta in patients with variants of tetralogy of Fallot and hypothesise that this condition may be more common than previously suspected and could represent ...
Furtado Arul Dominic - - 2012
Cases of aorto-ventricular tunnel involving the right ventricle and more commonly, the left ventricle have been described. The site of origin is located above the right coronary cusp and occasionally, the left. We describe an aorto-left ventricular tunnel in a 16-year-old girl, with aneurysmal expansion into the right ventricular outflow ...
Gao Changqing - - 2012
Background: The purpose of this study was to summarize our experience of extended ventricular septal myectomy in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM).Methods: Thirty-eight patients (26 men, 12 women) with HOCM underwent extended ventricular septal myectomy. The mean age was 36.3 years (range, 18-64 years). Diagnosis was made by echocardiography. ...
Wang Chun - - 2012
Objectives- Ourstudy was undertaken to analyze the impact of subtle noncompaction of the left ventricle on regional left ventricular function in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Methods- Speckle-tracking imaging and contrast echocardiography were performed in 40 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Subtle noncompaction of the left ventricle was defined as myocardium with ...
Yamane Kentaro - - 2012
The Jarvik 2000 left ventricular assist device is inserted via a left thoracotomy with the outflow graft anastomosed to the descending thoracic aorta. Removal of the device during heart transplantation involves division of the outflow graft, resulting in a retained remnant. We describe the first reported case of a mycotic ...
Biglino Giovanni G Centre for Cardiovascular Imaging, UCL Institute of Cardiovascular Science, London, United - - 2012
To evaluate the aortic arch elastic properties and ventriculoarterial coupling efficiency in patients with single ventricle physiology, with and without a surgically reconstructed arch. We studied 21 children with single ventricle physiology after bidirectional superior cavopulmonary surgery: 10 with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, who underwent surgical arch reconstruction, and 11 ...
Czer L S C - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The decision to perform aortic valve replacement (AVR) or heart transplantation (HTx) for aortic stenosis (AS) with severe left ventricular dysfunction is difficult and may be affected by prior myocardial infarction (MI) and coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Patients who underwent AVR from 1988 to 2001 with left ventricular ...
Celik Turgay - - 2012
Prehypertension is characterized by an increased cardiovascular risk and by an increased prevalence of target organ damage compared with the pure normotensive state. The present study was designed to assess in prehypertensive subjects the possible relationships between early left ventricular dysfunction, vascular inflammation and aortic stiffness. The study population consisted ...
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