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Walters Andrew M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Providing unobstructed systemic blood flow is one goal of stage I palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Although clinically significant obstruction is defined when the arch gradient exceeds 15 mm Hg, any positive gradient constitutes obstruction, which may impair ventricular function. We sought to identify risk factors before stage I ...
Didie Michael - - 2013
Total mechanical unloading of the heart in classical models of heterotopic heart transplantation leads to cardiac atrophy and functional deterioration. In contrast, partial unloading of failing human hearts with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) can in some patients ameliorate heart failure symptoms. Here we tested in heterotopic rat heart transplant ...
Fairbairn Timothy A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) on aortic valve haemodynamics, ventricular reverse remodelling and myocardial fibrosis (MF) by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. DESIGN: A 1.5 T CMR scan was performed preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. SETTING: University hospitals ...
La Manna Alessio - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In patients with severe aortic stenosis, left ventricular hypertrophy is associated with increased myocardial stiffness and dysfunction linked to cardiac morbidity and mortality. We aimed at systematically investigating the degree of left ventricular mass regression and changes in left ventricular function six months after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) ...
Ben-Dor Itsik - - 2013
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a marker of systolic and diastolic dysfunction and a strong predictor of mortality in heart failure patients. The present study aimed to assess the relationship of BNP with aortic stenosis (AS) severity and prognosis. The cohort comprised 289 high-risk patients with severe AS who were ...
Alpsoy Seref - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Prehypertension is one of the primary causes of major cardiovascular events independent from other cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of therapeutic lifestyle modifications (LSMs) on cardiac diastolic function and aortic stiffness in prehypertensive subjects. METHODS: This study designed as a prospective ...
Liu Yingwei - - 2013
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) is useful in identifying inflamed plaque in major arteries. This study evaluated the feasibility of inflamed plaque detection with routinely acquired cardiac FDG-PET viability studies in patients with severe coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: Clinically ...
Kosuge Masami - - 2013
Although patients with Stanford type A acute aortic dissection often show ST-T abnormalities at presentation, the frequency and implication of such findings remain unclear. To clarify these points, admission electrocardiograms from 233 patients admitted ≤6 hours after symptom onset who underwent emergency surgery for type A acute aortic dissection were ...
Ising Mickey S - - 2013
Intra-aortic rotary blood pumps (IARBPs) have been used for partial cardiac support during cardiogenic shock, myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention, and potentially viable for long-term circulatory support. Intra-aortic rotary blood pump support continuously removes volume from the aortic root, which lowers left ventricular preload, external work (LVEW), and improves end-organ ...
Anderson Mark B - - 2013
The Impella microaxial pump is a catheter-based device that has been used for left ventricular support. The catheter can be inserted through a peripheral artery or directly into the ascending aorta. The pump is positioned across the aortic valve with the inflow directly in the left ventricle and the outflow ...
Webber Matthew R - - 2013
Attempted atrial transseptal puncture in a 63-year-old man undergoing an ablative procedure for atrial fibrillation was complicated by inadvertent delivery of an 8 Fr sheath across the aorta. Due to obesity-related perioperative risks, we opted for percutaneous repair rather than open-heart corrective surgery. Our case is unique for the novel ...
Smolka Grzegorz - - 2013
To evaluate the transcatheter paravalvular leak closure (TPVLC) aptitude to reduce manifestations of heart failure caused by aortic paravalvular leak (PVL). TPVLC is a valuable alternative to reoperation. While technical feasibility of the method is well established, data on long-term clinical outcome are less abundant. We launched a prospective registry ...
Takahashi Yukihiro - - 2013
Left ventricular outflow tract stenosis represents 1-2 % of all congenital anomalies. In particular, tunnel-like left ventricular stenosis which is one type of fixed left ventricular outflow stenosis requires aggressive surgery to reduce the left ventricular outflow gradient. The purpose of the modified Konno procedure is to release fixed left ventricular ...
Al Balushi Asim - - 2013
The clinical presentation of coarctation of aorta (CoA) is well known; however, it is the most common congenital heart disease in the newborn period to be missed, with significant mortality and morbidity associated with missing the diagnosis. We report a 20-day-old newborn boy who presented with congestive heart failure and ...
Zahn Ralf - - 2013
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is already an accepted option to treat elderly patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis who are inoperable or at high surgical risk. However, short- and long-term mortality after TAVI remains an important issue, raising the need to further improve the technology of TAVI as well ...
Duerr Georg D - - 2013
AIMS: Endocannabinoids and their receptors have been associated with cardiac adaptation to injury, inflammation and fibrosis. Experimental studies suggested a role for inflammatory reaction and active remodeling in myocardial hypertrophy, but they have not been shown in human hypertrophy. We investigated the association of endocannabinoid system with myocardial hypertrophy in ...
Williams Livia - - 2013
A 65-year-old woman presented with New York Heart Association class II-III symptoms, no overt signs of heart failure, and echocardiographic findings of a quadricuspid aortic valve, Hurwitz type C, with severe aortic regurgitation, dilated left ventricle (7 cm), and moderate left ventricular dysfunction (45%). She subsequently underwent tricuspidization of the ...
Dalsgaard Morten - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) size is known to increase with chronically increased left ventricular (LV) filling pressure. We hypothesized that LA volume was predictive of aortic valve replacement (AVR) and cardiovascular events in a large cohort of patients with asymptomatic mild to moderate aortic valve stenosis. METHODS: Transthoracic echocardiography was ...
Vijayalakshmi I B - - 2013
Aorto-right ventricular tunnel (ARVT) is a very rare, congenital, abnormal extracardiac channel that connects the ascending aorta at or above the sinotubular junction to the cavity of the right ventricle. Only 16 cases have been reported thus far in the English literature. We report the first transcatheter closure of ARVT ...
Teimouri Hassan - - 2013
Right ventricular failure due to right coronary artery disease, right ventricular hypertrophy, stunning, abnormal septal motion, myocardial infarction, or non-homogeneous distribution of cardioplegia is an uncommon but serious complication of open heart surgery. We report a patient with severe right ventricular hypertrophy secondary to severe mitral valve stenosis and another ...
Kim Jongho - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The strength and nature of the relationship between myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), coronary flow reserve (CFR), and coronary artery calcium (CAC) and thoracic aorta calcium (TAC) remain to be clarified. METHODS: Dynamic rest-pharmacological stress 82Rb positron emission tomography/computed tomography MPI with CFR, CAC, and TAC was performed in 75 ...
Nagata Hazumu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hemodynamic changes in left ventricular function before and after patent ductus arteriosus ligation in premature infants with regard to the energetic efficiency of left ventricular pumping. METHODS: Thirty-five premature infants who underwent patent ductus arteriosus ligation were enrolled in this ...
Kupari Markku - - 2013
Myocardial fibrosis predisposes to heart failure in aortic valve stenosis. The study aim was to determine the value of: (i) circulating collagen metabolites as biomarkers of left ventricular fibrosis and heart failure in aortic stenosis; and (ii) myocardial fibrosis as a predictor of postoperative outcome. Among a total of 132 ...
Tarantini Giuseppe - - 2013
An 88-year-old man with severe aortic stenosis and normal left ventricular ejection fraction underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation via a transapical approach, without periprocedural complications. Some 16 months later the patient was readmitted because of worsening dyspnea, when left ventricular dysfunction due to apical akinesia was identified. A gated, rest-only ...
Beach Jocelyn M - - 2013
The study sought to contrast risk profiles and compare outcomes of patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR) and coronary artery bypass grafting (AS+CABG) with those of patients with isolated AS who underwent AVR alone. In patients with severe AS, ...
Bang Casper N - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) size and function change with chronically increased left ventricular (LV) filling pressures. It remains unclear whether these variations in LA parameters can predict new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS: Data were obtained in asymptomatic patients with mild-to-moderate AS (2.5≤ transaortic ...
Broyd Christopher J CJ International Centre for Circulatory Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, 59-61 North Wharf Road, London W2 1LA, UK. - - 2013
Wave-intensity analysis is a technique that can qualify both the direction and magnitude of the forces accelerating and decelerating coronary blood flow and is derived from simultaneously acquired measures of coronary pressure and velocity using invasive intracoronary wires. Using this technique during TAVI, the dominant force (or 'wave') acting to ...
Leonardi Benedetta - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Reduced long-axis shortening despite enhanced global function has been reported in aortic stenosis. We sought to improve the understanding of this phenomenon using multi-dimensional strain analysis in conjunction with the evaluation of left ventricular rotation and twist - ventricular torsion - using tissue Doppler techniques. METHODS: A total of ...
Inoue Yosuke - - 2013
Background: After abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair, relatively low survival during long-term follow-up remains an unresolved issue. Stress myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) well predicts future mortality overall, as well as providing diagnoses of coronary artery disease. The prognostic value of myocardial SPECT findings after AAA repair, however, remains ...
Baydar Onur - - 2013
Left ventricular outflow tract pseudoaneurysm is a rare but a potentially lethal complication, mainly after aortic root endocarditis or surgery. Usually, it originates from a dehiscence in the mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa and arises posteriorly to the aortic root. We report a rare case of a patient with cardiac tamponade due ...
Espirito Santo Carlos Vinícius Abreu do - - 2013
The patient, MSM, a 69-year-old man, sought medical care due to left dorsal and right lower limb pain. The chest x-ray showed mediastinal enlargement. He was undergoing examination when he lost consciousness and went into shock. Subcutaneous emphysema was observed in the left hemithorax, as well as abolition of breath ...
Negi Smita I - - 2013
Evaluation of: Thiele H, Zeymer U, Neumann FJ et al; IABP-SHOCK II Trial Investigators. Intra-aortic balloon support for myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock. N. Engl. J. Med. 367(14), 1287-1296 (2012). Cardiogenic shock (CS) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is associated with high mortality. Ventricular support devices such as intra-aortic balloon ...
Malakan Rad Elaheh - - 2013
We report postoperative normalization of left ventricular noncompaction in a neonate undergoing successful neonatal surgery for type II aorta to left ventricular tunnel (ALVT) associated with a large patent ductus arteriosus, floppy and extremely redundant anterior mitral leaflet, right coronary artery arising directly from the tunnel, and severe left ventricular ...
Cai Min - - 2013
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is defined as a primary and familial cardiac disorder characterized by heterogeneous expression, unique pathophysiology and considerable diversity in clinical presentation. Clinical diagnosis was mainly based on the performance of ECG. In addition, cardiovascular MRI or ECG plays an important role in the diagnosis. Nevertheless, myocardial radionuclide imaging, ...
Bhaya Maneesha - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the ability of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3DTEE) in measuring (1) atrial septal defect (ASD) maximum dimension, area, and adjacent rim size, (2) ASD occluder left and right atrial disk size, (3) length of contact between the left atrial (LA) disk and the aorta, and ...
Beach Jocelyn M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: We sought to understand the factors modulating left heart reverse remodeling after aortic valve replacement, the relationship between the preoperative symptoms and modulators of left heart remodeling, and their influence on long-term survival. METHODS: From October 1991 to January 2008, 4264 patients underwent primary aortic valve replacement for aortic ...
Goldberg Joshua B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: =0.003). Patients with preserved EF had significantly improved 6-month and 8-year survival compared with their reduced EF counterparts.Conclusions-Survival after AVR or AVR+coronary artery bypass grafting was most favorable among patients with preoperative preserved EF. However, patients with mild to moderately depressed EF experienced a substantial survival benefit compared with ...
Chen Huiwen - - 2013
Controversy still exists on the use of the optimal cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) management in aortic coarctation (CoA) with ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair. We report the outcome of patients undergoing continuous cerebral and myocardial perfusion (CCMP) under mild hypothermia. This is a retrospective analysis of 60 consecutive patients undergoing anatomic ...
Ghodduci K M - - 2013
Supravalvar aortic stenosis (SVAS) is a form of congenital left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction that occurs as a localized or diffuse narrowing of the ascending aorta beyond the superior margin of the sinuses of Valsalva. SVAS is a rare progressive congenital heart defect with a higher risk of sudden ...
Yildirim Ayse - - 2013
Aorto-left ventricular tunnel, characterized by extracardiac communication between the ascending aorta and left ventricle, is a very rare congenital condition. Although some affected infants remain asymptomatic until adulthood, most present with symptoms of heart failure during their first year of life. We report the case of an 11-year-old boy who ...
Cecchi Emanuele - - 2013
An 80-year-old diabetic man with severe aortic stenosis was admitted to our hospital for cardiogenic shock complicating non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Echocardiographic evaluation showed also a severe degree of both left ventricular dysfunction and mitral regurgitation. The patient was initially stabilized with inotropes and mechanical ventilation was necessary because of concurrent ...
Zasada Wojciech - - 2013
Among heterogeneous groups of patients admitted to the catheterisation laboratory due to non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), there are increasing numbers with coexisting valvular heart diseases. A 66-year-old man was transferred to our centre with a diagnosis of NSTEMI. Immediate echocardiogram was performed in which a left ventricular ejection fraction ...
García Raquel - - 2013
Myocardial microRNA-133a (miR-133a) is directly related to reverse remodeling after pressure overload release in aortic stenosis patients. Herein, we assessed the significance of plasma miR-133a as an accessible biomarker with prognostic value in predicting the reversibility potential of LV hypertrophy after aortic valve replacement (AVR) in these patients. The expressions ...
Ren B - - 2013
This study aimed to provide data for imaging diagnosis and clinical surgical plans by reconstructing a three-dimensional (3-D) digital visible heart model of single ventricle (SV) connection with aortic coarctation (CoA) and characterizing the myocardial and vascular wall pathological characteristics. Fifteen miscarried fetus cadavers with SV and CoA were selected. ...
Ghaffari Samad S Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical sciences, Tabriz, - - 2013
Introduction: The severity of coronary artery stenosis which leads to myocardial infarction (MI) has been a matter of controversy. Historical data are in favor of mild luminal stenosis (<50% diameter stenosis) while recent studies suggest hemodynamically-significant coronary stenosis as the main substrate for subsequent MI. Also, mechanical stress resulted from ...
Di Eusanio Marco - - 2013
In redo aortic surgery, an important issue of brain and myocardial protection is raised in patients presenting with large aneurysm (or pseudoaneurysm) adherent to the sternum and severe aortic valve regurgitation. We present our technique involving antegrade brain perfusion before resternotomy and left ventricle venting through the apex using a ...
De Araújo Gonçalves Pedro - - 2012
AIMS: Nonobstructive coronary atherosclerotic lesions can lead to ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Thrombus aspiration during a primary percutaneous coronary intervention provides a setting to evaluate the degree of stenosis of culprit lesions leading to STEMI. The aim of this study was to assess the degree of culprit lesion residual stenosis ...
Starck Christoph Thomas - - 2012
Ventricular arrhythmias occur predominantly in patients with structural heart disease. The most common substrate is scarring due to ischemic heart disease. We present an uncommon cause of ventricular tachycardia due to excessive right coronary artery stretch in a patient with a giant pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta years after aortic ...
Carbone Junior Clovis - - 2012
The present investigation aimed to study the protective effect of intermittent normothermic cardioplegia in rabbit's hypertrophic hearts. The parameters chosen were 1) the ratio heart weight / body weight, 2) the myocardial glycogen levels, 3) ultrastructural changes of light and electron microscopy, and 4) mitochondrial respiration. 1) The experimental model, ...
Caetano Francisca - - 2012
Congestive heart failure and left ventricular dysfunction in the setting of severe aortic stenosis are associated with a high mortality rate. Evidence on optimal medical therapy is scanty. Vasodilators were traditionally considered to be contraindicated in severe aortic stenosis, albeit this concept has recently been challenged. The use of levosimendan, ...
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