Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1790
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T?ssies Dolors - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: In patients with coronary disease at risk of acute coronary events it is unclear which biological factors could predict the type of acute coronary syndrome clinical presentation. The aim of the study was to investigate the role of genetic polymorphisms in key proteins in fibrinolysis in the type of ...
Mills Katherine T - - 2009
Acute organophosphate and carbamate pesticide poisonings result in adverse cardiac outcomes. The cardiac effects of chronic low-level pesticide exposure have not been studied. The authors analyzed self-reported lifetime use of pesticides reported at enrollment (1993-1997) and myocardial infarction mortality through 2006 and self-reported nonfatal myocardial infarction through 2003 among male ...
Biancari Fausto - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Posterior pericardiotomy is considered a method to reduce the incidence of atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery. Its efficacy in preventing atrial fibrillation and supraventricular arrhythmias after coronary artery bypass surgery has been evaluated in the present meta-analysis. METHODS: This meta-analysis was performed in accordance with the Cochrane Handbook for ...
Hastie Claire E - - 2010
We sought to investigate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on long-term all-cause mortality in patients following first-time elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We used the Scottish Coronary Revascularisation Register to undertake a cohort study of all patients undergoing elective PCI in Scotland between April 1997 and March 2006 ...
Luchsinger J A - - 2009
Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) may contribute to mild cognitive impairment (MCI). We sought to determine the relation of white matter hyperintensity (WMH) volume and infarcts in brain MRI to MCI in a community-based sample. A total of 679 elderly persons without dementia underwent brain MRI. WMH and infarcts were quantified using ...
Cho Goo-Yeong - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate whether global 2-dimensional (2D) strain offers additional benefit over left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) to predict clinical events in heart failure. BACKGROUND: Although 2D strain based on speckle tracking has been proposed as a simple and reproducible tool to detect systolic dysfunction, the relationship of ...
Naik Hursh - - 2009
This study sought to understand the total weight of evidence regarding outcomes in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) versus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) stenosis. Following a diagnosis of significant ULMCA stenosis in an individual that is a candidate for surgery, CABG is recommended ...
de Jong Richard M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) have no coronary artery disease, regional impairment of myocardial perfusion combined with preserved metabolism has been found using positron emission tomography (PET). Our aim was to assess the prognostic relevance of PET-mismatch between stress myocardial perfusion and glucose uptake on clinical outcome ...
Giraldez Roberto R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Enoxaparin was superior to unfractionated heparin (UFH), regardless of fibrinolytic agent in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients receiving fibrinolytic therapy in ExTRACT-TIMI 25 (Enoxaparin and Thrombolysis Reperfusion for Acute Myocardial Infarction Treatment - Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 25) trial. OBJECTIVE: This post hoc analysis compared outcomes with streptokinase plus ...
Man Bik Ling - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Concurrent atherosclerosis of the intracranial and extracranial cerebrovascular system is common in Asians. The typical lesion patterns and the mechanisms of stroke in patients with concurrent stenoses are unclear. This study aimed to determine these stroke features of such patients in Hong Kong. METHODS: We conducted a ...
Eggers Kai M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess risk prediction by different biomarkers in patients with an ongoing non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and after clinical stabilization. BACKGROUND: Different biomarkers reflect different aspects of the pathobiology in NSTE-ACS. However, there is little information regarding their relative prognostic value ...
Goland Sorel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Clinical profile and predictors of major adverse events (MAE) associated with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) have not been characterized. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective review and analysis of clinical data of 182 patients with PPCM. Forty-six patients had >or=1 MAE, including death (13), heart transplantation (11), temporary circulatory support (4), ...
Zeymer Uwe - - 2011
Reperfusion therapy has been shown to improve mortality in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. However, in randomized clinical trials there was only a modest improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction with reperfusion therapy, despite a larger improvement in mortality. In the prospective MITRA-Plus registry we compared 1-year mortality ...
Lee Chi-Hang - - 2009
The role of microvascular perfusion in relation to door-to-balloon time and mortality remains unknown. We sought to compare microvascular perfusion in patients who had undergone primary percutaneous coronary intervention with door-to-balloon time < or =90 minute versus >90 minutes. Methods:Using myocardial blush grade (MBG), corrected TIMI frame count (CTFC), and ...
Hollander Judd E - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Coronary computerized tomographic angiography (CTA) has high correlation with cardiac catheterization and has been shown to be safe and cost-effective when used for rapid evaluation of low-risk chest pain patients from the emergency department (ED). The long-term outcome of patients discharged from the ED with negative coronary CTA has ...
Marti-Almor Julio - - 2009
AIMS: To evaluate the long-term mortality rate and to determine independent mortality risk factors in patients with bifascicular block (BFB). Patients with BFB are known to have a higher mortality risk than the general population, not only related to progression to atrio-ventricular block but also due to the presence of ...
Geelhoed J J Miranda - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to examine whether cardiac size and function track in early childhood and are associated with fetal and early postnatal growth and blood flow characteristics. METHODS: This study was embedded in a population-based prospective cohort study from fetal life onward. Fetal growth and fetal ...
Dore David D - - 2009
To determine if an association exists between thiazolidinedione (rosiglitazone or pioglitazone) exposure and acute myocardial infarction, and if the timing of drug initiation relative to the onset of myocardial infarction affected the frequency of the event. Nested, case-control study. Health care claims from California, Florida, New York, Ohio, and Illinois ...
De Santo Luca - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Recent authoritative studies suggested that low preoperative hemoglobin concentration may affect cardiac surgery outcomes. This study aimed, primarily, to investigate whether preoperative anemia is an independent determinant of adverse events after coronary artery bypass grafting and, secondarily, to evaluate the potential dose responsiveness between anemia severity and primary end ...
Carey Mary G - - 2009
Cardiovascular deaths among on-duty firefighters are high--double that of police officers and quadruple that of first responders. The aim of this pilot study was to establish the feasibility of obtaining high-resolution electrocardiograms (ECGs) of on-duty firefighters useful for detecting ECG predictors for cardiac events. Twenty-eight professional firefighters (age, 46 ± ...
Capodanno Davide - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The SYNTAX score (SXscore) has been proposed recently as a valuable tool to characterize the coronary vasculature prospectively with respect to the number of lesions and their functional impact, location, and complexity. However, the prognostic value of SXscores in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention of the left main artery ...
Suaya Jose A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on survival in a large cohort of older coronary patients. BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses have shown that CR improves survival. However, trial participants have been predominantly middle-aged, low- or moderate-risk, white men. METHODS: The population consisted of 601,099 ...
Helber Izo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We analyzed whether digitoxin affects the survival of rats with congestive heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: The influence of digitoxin (0.1 mg.100 g.day, orally) on the survival of infarcted female rats (n=170) randomized as Control Infarcted (CI, n=85) or Digitoxin (D, n=85) was evaluated for 280 days. Mean survival ...
Zanobetti Antonella - - 2009
Particulate pollution has been linked to risk for cardiac death; possible mechanisms include pollution-related increases in cardiac electrical instability. T-wave alternans (TWA) is a marker of cardiac electrical instability measured as differences in the magnitude between adjacent T waves. In a repeated-measures study of 48 patients aged 43 to 75 ...
Kirtane Ajay J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of drug-eluting stents (DES) among more generalized "real-world" patients than those enrolled in pivotal randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are controversial. We sought to perform a meta-analysis of DES studies to estimate the relative impact of DES versus bare metal stents (BMS) on safety and efficacy ...
Jansson Anna M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: CXCL16/SR-PSOX is an interferon-gamma-regulated chemokine and scavenger receptor for oxidized low-density lipoprotein that is expressed in atherosclerotic lesions. Proteolytic cleavage of membrane-bound CXCL16 releases soluble CXCL16, which may promote migration of effector T cells and augment a proatherogenic inflammatory response. We hypothesized that soluble CXCL16 concentrations are associated with ...
Uchino Kazuaki - - 2009
Studies of the characteristics, risk factors, prognostic factors, and outcomes of diastolic heart failure (DHF) have yielded inconsistent findings. Moreover, few epidemiological studies of DHF have been performed in Japan. We studied patients with heart failure who were admitted consecutively to Yokohama City University Hospital from 2000 through 2003. Heart ...
Tatu-Chitoiu Gabriel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We describe the clinical characteristics, treatments and in-hospital case-fatality rates in an unselected population of patients admitted for acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: From January 2000 to June 2007, we tracked consecutive patients who were admitted to 7 tertiary referral and 21 county hospitals in Romania for medical treatment of ...
Chan Mark Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There are limited contemporary data comparing long-term outcomes after cardiac catheterization for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI). METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied patients undergoing cardiac catheterization for STEMI (n=2413) and NSTEMI (n=1974) between 1999 and 2005 with at least 1 significant coronary lesion > or =75%. ...
Lee Douglas S - - 2009
The contributions of risk factors and disease pathogenesis to heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) versus heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF) have not been fully explored. We examined clinical characteristics and risk factors at time of heart failure onset and long-term survival in Framingham Heart Study participants ...
Cheng Jin M - - 2009
Although intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation is increasingly being used for the treatment of patients with cardiogenic shock from acute myocardial infarction, data on the long-term outcomes are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the 30-day and long-term mortality and to identify predictors for 30-day and ...
Soveri I - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To define the optimal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) cut off for discriminating the risk of myocardial infarction or cardiovascular death. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal observational study. SETTING: A community-based cohort. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2176 nondiabetic 50-year-old men without cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The men were followed until age 70. GFR ...
Collet Jean-Philippe - - 2009
Late discontinuation of clopidogrel after an acute coronary syndrome or stent placement may be associated with a clinical rebound effect. To describe the characteristics and evolution of patients non-compliant to study drug in the prospective, randomized, double-blind CHARISMA trial. Of 15,603 patients aged 45 or older years with established atherothrombotic ...
Ruiz-Bailén Manuel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate patients with unstable angina (UA) and the predictive factors of these arrhythmias and to determine whether this complication behaves as an independent variable with regard to mortality, increased length of stay in an ICU/CCU, and the performance of percutaneous coronary intervention ...
Di Lorenzo G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent data have shown that cardiotoxicity represents a potentially important side-effect in patients treated with sunitinib. We reviewed cardiac adverse events in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) who underwent treatment with this agent. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of 175 patients with metastatic RCC treated with ...
Sattler Katherine J E - - 2009
The study tested whether high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) has an effect on percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-induced myocardial infarction and its prognosis. Elevation of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) > 3x upper normal limit after PCI is defined as PCI-related myocardial infarction (PMI) and is associated with a negative prognosis. No data exist ...
Mehta Shamir R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Earlier trials have shown that a routine invasive strategy improves outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes without ST-segment elevation. However, the optimal timing of such intervention remains uncertain. METHODS: We randomly assigned 3031 patients with acute coronary syndromes to undergo either routine early intervention (coronary angiography < or ...
Gauthier Lynne V - - 2009
Disruption of the corticospinal tract at various locations in the brain has been shown to predict worse spontaneous motor recovery after stroke. However, the anatomic specificity of previous findings was limited by the categorical classification of infarct locations. Here we used computational methods to more precisely determine the specific anatomic ...
Estévez-Loureiro Rodrigo - - 2009
Patency of infarct-related artery (IRA) before mechanical reperfusion with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) has been associated with better prognosis in patients with ST-Elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Mean platelet volume (MPV) increases in STEMI patients and may be associated with increased thrombotic potential. In STEMI patients scheduled for PPCI we ...
Mehta Rajendra H - - 2009
CONTEXT: The incidence and timing of sustained ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation (VT/VF) and its impact on outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of sustained VT/VF and its timing on the outcomes of patients presenting ...
Brar Somjot S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of the analysis was to compare outcomes by stent type for death, myocardial infarction (MI), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and stent thrombosis in randomized trials of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). A secondary analysis was performed among registry studies. BACKGROUND: It is not known whether there ...
Hoffmann Udo - - 2009
This study was designed to determine the usefulness of coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) in patients with acute chest pain. Triage of chest pain patients in the emergency department remains challenging. We used an observational cohort study in chest pain patients with normal initial troponin and nonischemic electrocardiogram. A 64-slice ...
Chen Guanmin - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of antecedent hypertension with adverse cardiovascular outcomes after myocardial infarction. A search of Medline and EMBASE was supplemented by manual searches of the bibliographies of key retrieved reports. The studies were included if they reported antecedent hypertension as a risk ...
Wu Audrey H - - 2009
Several studies have suggested that obesity may be associated with a survival advantage in heart failure (HF). The duration of HF likely influences disease severity and may introduce lead-time bias into analyses of outcomes. The aim of this study was to analyze a cohort in which the exact time of ...
Loef B G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Both preoperative left ventricular dysfunction and postoperative renal function deterioration are associated with increased long-term mortality after cardiac surgery. The influence of preoperative left ventricular dysfunction on postoperative renal dysfunction and long-term mortality is not defined. METHODS: We collected data from 641 consecutive patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery with ...
Huang G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a role in the pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six hundred twenty-three patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) referred for coronary angiography for the first time in our hospital were enrolled in this study. White blood cell and its subtypes were measured on admission. The ...
Freitas H F G - - 2009
It has been demonstrated that there is an association between serum lipoproteins and survival rate in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, as well as in patients with non-ischemic causes of heart failure. We tested the hypothesis of an association between serum lipoprotein levels and prognosis in a cohort of outpatients with ...
Misiriya K J Raihanathul - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The clinical profile and the mortality rate among patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are not well studied in Kerala. AIMS: To determine the clinical characteristics, mortality rate and possible risk factors for high mortality among patients with ACS. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Retrospective study conducted at Kottayam Medical College, ...
Frisch Daniel R - - 2009
Patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEFs) and previous myocardial infarctions or heart failure are at increased mortality risk. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators may mitigate this risk. The aim of this study was to identify patient characteristics at the time of presentation with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) that predict irreversible ...
Huang Wei - - 2009
AIMS: We assessed the predictive value of a combination of C-reactive protein (CRP) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in a 2-year prospective study in patients undergoing sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: CRP and cTnI levels were examined 1 day before and after SES implantation in 322 patients. CRP ...
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