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Results 151 - 200 of 1816
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Hussain Nasir - - 2012
Central venous catheters (CVC) are used commonly in clinical practice. Incidences of CVC-related right atrial thrombosis (CRAT) are variable, but, when right atrial thrombus is present, it carries a mortality risk of 18% in hemodialysis patients and greater than 40% risk in nonhemodialysis patients. Different pathogenic mechanisms have been postulated ...
Papuć Ewa - - 2012
Unilateral thalamic lesions cause transient or permanent behavioral, sensory and oculomotor disturbances; bilateral lesions of thalamus result in more severe and longer lasting symptoms. We present an atypical case of bilateral paramedian thalamic infarct with concomitant hypothalamic dysfunction. The only risk factor of ischaemic stroke found in the patient was ...
Zhang Xue - - 2012
Nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3) catalyzes production of NO in the endothelium and may play a role in cardiovascular disease (CVD). We assessed the pharmacogenetic associations of three NOS3 polymorphisms and three antihypertensive drugs with CVD outcomes. Hypertensive subjects (n = 30,280) from a multi-center, double-blind clinical trial were randomized to chlorthalidone, ...
Franco Diego - - 2012
Pitx2 is a homeobox transcription factor involved in left-right signaling during embryogenesis. Disruption of left-right signaling in mice within its core nodal/lefty cascade, results in impaired expression of the last effector of the left-right cascade, Pitx2, leading in many cases to absence or bilateral expression of Pitx2 in lateral plate ...
Mikhaylov Evgeny E Department of Electrophysiology and Cardiac Pacing, Almazov Federal Heart, Blood and Endocrinology Centre, 197341 Saint Petersburg, - - 2012
A 52-year-old woman with previously unsuccessful posteroseptal pathway ablation using radiofrequency energy presented with intermittently occurring short PR followed by a wide QRS complex, and complaining of palpitations with characteristics different from previous history. During a second electrophysiological procedure no signs of preexcitation were found. Ventricular discharges with fusion with ...
Delaney J T JT Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2012
Variants in ABCB1 and CYP2C19 have been identified as predictors of cardiac events during clopidogrel therapy initiated after myocardial infarction (MI) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In addition, PON1 has recently been associated with stent thrombosis. The reported effects of these variants have not yet been replicated in a real-world ...
Fukuoka Takuya - - 2011
We describe a case of bilateral caudate nucleus infarction caused by cardioembolic stroke associated with a variant circle of Willis. The patient was an 81-year-old man with atrial fibrillation who presented with a sudden disturbance of consciousness. When he became more alert a few days later, he was abulic with ...
Balghith Mohammed - - 2012
A 75-year-old man presented with acute coronary syndrome; he had a saphenous vein graft thrombosis. Percutaneous coronary intervention of bypass graft vessels is more challenging due to a higher incidence of periprocedural distal micro-emobilization and myocardial infarction. Current guidelines for percutaneous coronary intervention advocate the use of distal embolic protection ...
Castaño Adam - - 2011
We report the fourth case of transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR) Ser23Asn in a 41-year-old Ecuadorian male. He has a pedigree that spans seven generations and involves 24 family members who suffered early cardiac death. Salient presenting symptoms were fatigue, shortness of breath, and peripheral neuropathy. The diagnosis of cardiac amyloid was ...
Schou Jesper - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: ATP binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1) facilitates cholesterol efflux from macrophages to mature high-density lipoprotein particles. Whether genetic variation in ABCG1 affects risk of atherosclerosis in humans remains to be determined. METHODS AND RESULTS: We resequenced the core promoter and coding regions of ABCG1 in 380 individuals from the ...
Szilágyi Szabolcs - - 2011
Both myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke are rare in the young. Yet a 15-year-old male patient suffered a myocardial infarction and later an ischemic stroke despite uninterrupted antiplatelet therapy. His medical history involved the surgical correction of an incomplete atrioventricular canal defect at the age of 13 years. No cardiovascular ...
Muendlein Axel - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Fetuin-A (AHSG) has been proposed as a new cardiovascular risk factor. Fetuin-A levels as well as AHSG single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with intima media thickness and incident vascular events, respectively. However, the association between AHSG variants and angiographically determined coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been ...
de Lannoy G - - 2011
This paper proposes a method for the automatic classification of heart beats in an electrocardiogram signal. Since this task has specific characteristics such as time-dependencies between observations and a strong class unbalance, a specific classifier is proposed and evaluated on real ECG signals from the MIT arrhythmia database. This classifier ...
Ellis Katrina L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: -Genome-wide associations studies (GWAS) have identified gene variants associated with coronary artery disease risk, however, whether they impact on disease progression is largely unknown. This study investigated associations between polymorphisms at 1p13.3 (rs599839), 1q41 (rs17465637) and 3q22.3 (rs9818870) and cardiovascular outcomes in healthy volunteers and in patients with established ...
Hulot Jean-Sébastien - - 2011
BACKGROUND: polymorphisms on clopidogrel pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics and the occurrence of cardiovascular outcomes in young post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients treated with clopidogrel. METHODS AND RESULTS: (Q192R and L55M) and CYP2C19 variants in 106 patients enrolled in the PK/PD CLOVIS-2 trial. Patients were randomly exposed to a 300-mg or 900-mg clopidogrel ...
Young Phillip M - - 2011
Noninvasive imaging of the heart and coronary vasculature using CT and MRI is a new and exciting opportunity for radiologists. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to review normal and variant anatomy of the coronary arteries and of several coronary anomalies that may be clinically significant. The coronary veins ...
Auinger Annegret - - 2011
Fatty acid transport protein 6 (FATP6) is primarily expressed in the heart and seems to be involved in cardiac fatty acid uptake. Therefore, we investigated whether a variation in the 5'-untranslated region of the FATP6 gene is associated with features of the metabolic syndrome and signs of myocardial alteration or ...
Silvain Johanne J Institut de Cardiologie, INSERM UMRS 937, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, AP-HP, Université Paris 6, Paris, - - 2011
The FXIII-A Leu34 genetic variant increases and accelerates fibrin stabilisation; however, its association with premature coronary artery disease (CAD) and thrombotic events remains controversial. FXIII Val34Leu genotype was determined in 242 young individuals (<45 years old) who survived a myocardial infarction (MI) and 242 healthy controls matched for age and ...
Zhu Cheng-Gang - - 2011
Myocardial bridging is a common congenital abnormality of a coronary artery, and is usually thought to be a benign anatomical variant. Although rare, previous studies have reported that patients with myocardial bridging may suffer from myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction (MI), arrhythmias and even sudden death. Here we report the case ...
Ardissino Diego D Division of Cardiology, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, Parma, Italy. - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to test whether the 9p21.3 variant rs1333040 influences the occurrence of new cardiovascular events and coronary atherosclerosis progression after early-onset myocardial infarction. 9p21.3 genetic variants are associated with ischemic heart disease, but it is not known whether they influence prognosis after an acute coronary ...
Yan Shao-di - - 2011
Objectives: To assess the impact of different CYP2C19*2 polymorphisms on clinical outcomes and the effects of CYP2C19*2 polymorphism on predicting clinical outcomes in association with classic risk factors in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Methods: Between July 2008 and September 2009, 497 consecutive patients with ACS who were admitted ...
Loukas Marios - - 2011
Much has been written regarding the potential clinical significance of myocardial bridges. As such bridging is often seen in normal individuals, it is clear that not all arteries bridged by myocardial segments produce clinical symptoms thereby suggesting that this feature may simply be an anatomical variant. However, some authors who ...
Tamargo Juan - - 2011
Ranolazine is an agent approved for the symptomatic treatment of chronic stable angina that inhibits the late inward sodium current (I(NaL)). I(NaL) amplitude is increased under several pathological conditions, including increased oxidative stress, myocardial ischemia, cardiac hypertrophy, heart failure, long-QT syndrome variant 3 and atrial fibrillation. Experimental and preliminary clinical ...
Baeza-Román Anna - - 2011
Variant (Prinzmetal's) angina pectoris is a clinical syndrome characterized by the presence of angina at rest, coinciding with a transient ST-segment elevation. This syndrome is often caused by vasospasm, either on a normal coronary artery or at the site of a coronary atherosclerotic stenosis. We describe a classic case of ...
Nawaz Haq - - 2011
Dilated cardiomyopathy can lead to a variety of complications recognisable on clinical, echocardiographic, electrocardiographic and radiographic assessment. Among this, transthoracic echocardiography has the dual advantage of being helpful in making the diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy as well as an effective tool in early recognition of certain complications for timely management ...
French K F KF Department of Neurology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2011
Atrial-esophageal fistula (AEF) is a rare and early complication of radiofrequency ablation for medically refractory atrial fibrillation, but has devastating consequences when the diagnosis is delayed or difficult to make. Single case in a neurosciences critical care center. A 69-year-old man with significant cardiac and neurologic medical history who underwent ...
Sharma Jayendra - - 2011
Myocardial bridge is a rare congenital coronary anomaly in children, usually seen in the setting of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and in left ventricular hypertrophy. Most myocardial bridges are believed to represent a benign anatomical variant; however, symptomatic myocardial bridge is a distinct subgroup of pathological variant, linked to myocardial ischaemia, ventricular ...
Polimenakos Anastasios C - - 2011
Aortic atresia-mitral stenosis (AA-MS) has been implicated as a determinant of outcome after Stage-1 palliation (S1P) in hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS).Studies evaluating the association of AA-MS with ventriculo-coronary connections (VCC) and mortality report conflicting results. The significance of VCC, myocardial protection, and shunt strategy after S1P has yet to ...
Damani Samir B SB Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Scripps Clinic, Scripps Translational Science Institute and the Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2011
Over the last 4 years, an unprecedented number of studies illuminating the genomic underpinnings of common "polygenic" diseases including coronary artery disease have been published. Notably, these studies have established numerous deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) variants within or near chromosome 9p21.3, the LPA, CXADR, and APOE genes, to name a few, ...
Chen Mao - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Cytochrome P450 (CYP)2C19 is expressed in vascular endothelium and metabolizes arachidonic acid to biologically active epoxyeicosatrienoic acids, which play a key role in regulating vascular tone. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the genetic functional variant 681G>A (*2) of cytochrome CYP2C19 is associated with adverse cardiovascular ...
Aurore Amandine - - 2011
Coronary angiography is often performed in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, but little is known about the factors predictive of a positive coronary angiography. Our aim was to determine these factors. In this 7-year retrospective study (January 2000-December 2006) conducted by a French out-of-hospital emergency medical unit, data were collected ...
Rekik Sofiene - - 2011
Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention is increasingly emerging as a valuable alternative to surgery for the treatment of patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. In this study, we aimed to assess the ability of the EuroSCORE risk stratification model to predict long-term major adverse cardiac events after unprotected ...
Husser Oliver - - 2011
The evolution of white blood cells after ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and their association with infarct size and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) remains unclear. Two hundred eleven patients underwent CMR after STEMI. Infarct mass (grams) was determined. Neutrophil, lymphocyte, and monocyte counts (×1,000 cells/ml) were measured upon arrival ...
Lexis Chris P H - - 2011
Objectives: This study evaluated the impact of a chronic total occlusion (CTO) in a non-infarct related coronary artery (IRA) on markers of reperfusion, infarct size, and long-term cardiac mortality in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Background: A concurrent CTO in STEMI patients has been associated with impaired left ventricular ...
Pedrazzini Giovanni B - - 2011
to compare multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and invasive quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) for assessment of coronary lesions in patients referred for suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). we studied 57 patients (48 men; mean age: 63 ± 10 years) who underwent 64-slice MDCT because of atypical chest ...
Sethi Ankur - - 2011
Current guidelines recommend against the revascularization of noninfarct related artery (complete revascularization [CR]) in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and no hemodynamic compromise, though level of evidence is C. Our aim was to examine the available evidence to determine any advantage of CR over culprit only revascularization (COR). ...
Nardi Federico - - 2011
The association of variant angina (VA) and myocardial bridges is a rare finding. We describe a case of VA with recurrent coronary spasm triggered by different stimuli at the site of a myocardial bridge. The interplay of endothelial dysfunction, coronary vasoconstriction and myocardial bridging was detected by intracoronary acetylcholine test ...
Rywik Tomasz M - - 2011
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a complex disorder accounting for the majority of cardiovascular deaths and morbidity. It is believed that genetic factors explain part of the excessive risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). To evaluate the influence on long-term prognosis of some genetic ...
Arinell Karin - - 2011
Acute proximal occlusion of the left anterior descendent coronary artery (LAD) is a critical medical condition often leading to heart failure and death. Our objective was to investigate how additional angiographic findings might influence prognosis. In a single center setting by using consecutive data from the Swedish angiography and angioplasty ...
Lemmens Robin - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia mainly caused by valvular, ischemic, hypertensive, and myopathic heart disease. Atrial fibrillation can occur in families suggesting a genetic background especially in younger subjects. Additionally recent studies have identified common genetic variants to be associated with atrial fibrillation in the general population. ...
Panneerselvam Arunkumar - - 2011
We present a 21-year-old female whose clinical presentation and investigations were suggestive of takotsubo cardiomyopathy. On cardiac MRI, there was delayed gadolinium enhancement in apical and mid-segments with sparing of the base. Patient is in class III symptoms with ejection fraction of 24% at 1 year follow-up. This variant form ...
Piccini Jonathan P JP Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA. - - 2011
Few data exist to guide antiarrhythmic drug therapy for sustained ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation after acute myocardial infarction. The objective of this analysis was to describe the survival of patients with sustained ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation after myocardial infarction according to antiarrhythmic drug treatment. We conducted a retrospective analysis of ST-segment elevation ...
Kawaguchi Ren - - 2010
The use of drug-eluting stents in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), particularly those with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), is controversial owing to concerns about late adverse events. We evaluated the long-term safety of sirolimus-eluting stent implantation in patients with ACS. Of 10,778 patients treated exclusively with a sirolimus-eluting stent ...
Ma Heng - - 2011
This study was designed to evaluate the value of contrast-enhanced whole-heart coronary MRA (CMRA) at 3.0T in depicting the cardiac venous anatomy. In cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), left ventricular (LV) pacing is achieved by positioning the LV lead in one of the tributaries of the coronary sinus (CS). Pre-implantation knowledge ...
Yousef Khalil K School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, 365 Victoria Building, 3500 Victoria Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. - - 2010
Myocardial injury after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is associated with poor outcomes. Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is also a complication of aSAH. We sought to determine whether (1) DCI could be predicted by demographics, aSAH severity/aneurysm location, or aSAH-associated myocardial injury (SAHMI), and (2) DCI is associated with increased mortality ...
Hung Chung-Lieh - - 2010
We sought to investigate the clinical prognostic value of longitudinal and circumferential strain (S) and strain rate (SR) in patients after high-risk myocardial infarction (MI). Left ventricular (LV) contractile performance after MI is an important predictor of long-term outcome. Tissue deformation imaging might more closely reflect myocardial contractility than traditional ...
Song Young Bin - - 2010
We sought to compare the angiographic findings and mortality in patients with non-ST-segment elevation (NSTEMI) versus ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing early invasive intervention. Of 11,872 patients enrolled in the Korean Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry from November 2005 to January 2008, we studied patients with NSTEMI undergoing early invasive ...
Goliasch Georg - - 2011
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) at young age is a rare disease with a poor prognosis. Bone metabolism parameters such as 1,25 (OH)(2) vitamin D(3), 25 (OH) vitamin D(3) and osteocalcin have been recently implicated in the development of coronary heart disease (CHD). We evaluated the role of these serum markers ...
Kaul Prashant - - 2010
Invasive and noninvasive cardiovascular imaging is beneficial in the care of patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction. Little is known about patients' cumulative radiation exposure. All patients admitted with an acute myocardial infarction to any of 49 University HealthSystem Consortium member hospitals from 2006 to 2009 were reviewed for inpatient ...
Flynn Anneliese - - 2010
In patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who are undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, current guidelines for reperfusion therapy recommend a door-to-balloon (DTB) time of less than 90 minutes. Considerable effort has focused on reducing DTB time with the assumption that a reduction in DTB time translates into a significant ...
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