Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1815
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Lee Douglas S - - 2009
The contributions of risk factors and disease pathogenesis to heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) versus heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF) have not been fully explored. We examined clinical characteristics and risk factors at time of heart failure onset and long-term survival in Framingham Heart Study participants ...
Cheng Jin M - - 2009
Although intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation is increasingly being used for the treatment of patients with cardiogenic shock from acute myocardial infarction, data on the long-term outcomes are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the 30-day and long-term mortality and to identify predictors for 30-day and ...
Soveri I - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To define the optimal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) cut off for discriminating the risk of myocardial infarction or cardiovascular death. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal observational study. SETTING: A community-based cohort. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2176 nondiabetic 50-year-old men without cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The men were followed until age 70. GFR ...
Collet Jean-Philippe - - 2009
Late discontinuation of clopidogrel after an acute coronary syndrome or stent placement may be associated with a clinical rebound effect. To describe the characteristics and evolution of patients non-compliant to study drug in the prospective, randomized, double-blind CHARISMA trial. Of 15,603 patients aged 45 or older years with established atherothrombotic ...
Ruiz-Bailén Manuel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate patients with unstable angina (UA) and the predictive factors of these arrhythmias and to determine whether this complication behaves as an independent variable with regard to mortality, increased length of stay in an ICU/CCU, and the performance of percutaneous coronary intervention ...
Di Lorenzo G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent data have shown that cardiotoxicity represents a potentially important side-effect in patients treated with sunitinib. We reviewed cardiac adverse events in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) who underwent treatment with this agent. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of 175 patients with metastatic RCC treated with ...
Sattler Katherine J E - - 2009
The study tested whether high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) has an effect on percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-induced myocardial infarction and its prognosis. Elevation of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) > 3x upper normal limit after PCI is defined as PCI-related myocardial infarction (PMI) and is associated with a negative prognosis. No data exist ...
Mehta Shamir R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Earlier trials have shown that a routine invasive strategy improves outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes without ST-segment elevation. However, the optimal timing of such intervention remains uncertain. METHODS: We randomly assigned 3031 patients with acute coronary syndromes to undergo either routine early intervention (coronary angiography < or ...
Gauthier Lynne V - - 2009
Disruption of the corticospinal tract at various locations in the brain has been shown to predict worse spontaneous motor recovery after stroke. However, the anatomic specificity of previous findings was limited by the categorical classification of infarct locations. Here we used computational methods to more precisely determine the specific anatomic ...
Estévez-Loureiro Rodrigo - - 2009
Patency of infarct-related artery (IRA) before mechanical reperfusion with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) has been associated with better prognosis in patients with ST-Elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Mean platelet volume (MPV) increases in STEMI patients and may be associated with increased thrombotic potential. In STEMI patients scheduled for PPCI we ...
Mehta Rajendra H - - 2009
CONTEXT: The incidence and timing of sustained ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation (VT/VF) and its impact on outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of sustained VT/VF and its timing on the outcomes of patients presenting ...
Brar Somjot S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of the analysis was to compare outcomes by stent type for death, myocardial infarction (MI), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and stent thrombosis in randomized trials of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). A secondary analysis was performed among registry studies. BACKGROUND: It is not known whether there ...
Hoffmann Udo - - 2009
This study was designed to determine the usefulness of coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) in patients with acute chest pain. Triage of chest pain patients in the emergency department remains challenging. We used an observational cohort study in chest pain patients with normal initial troponin and nonischemic electrocardiogram. A 64-slice ...
Chen Guanmin - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of antecedent hypertension with adverse cardiovascular outcomes after myocardial infarction. A search of Medline and EMBASE was supplemented by manual searches of the bibliographies of key retrieved reports. The studies were included if they reported antecedent hypertension as a risk ...
Wu Audrey H - - 2009
Several studies have suggested that obesity may be associated with a survival advantage in heart failure (HF). The duration of HF likely influences disease severity and may introduce lead-time bias into analyses of outcomes. The aim of this study was to analyze a cohort in which the exact time of ...
Loef B G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Both preoperative left ventricular dysfunction and postoperative renal function deterioration are associated with increased long-term mortality after cardiac surgery. The influence of preoperative left ventricular dysfunction on postoperative renal dysfunction and long-term mortality is not defined. METHODS: We collected data from 641 consecutive patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery with ...
Huang G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a role in the pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six hundred twenty-three patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) referred for coronary angiography for the first time in our hospital were enrolled in this study. White blood cell and its subtypes were measured on admission. The ...
Freitas H F G - - 2009
It has been demonstrated that there is an association between serum lipoproteins and survival rate in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, as well as in patients with non-ischemic causes of heart failure. We tested the hypothesis of an association between serum lipoprotein levels and prognosis in a cohort of outpatients with ...
Misiriya K J Raihanathul - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The clinical profile and the mortality rate among patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are not well studied in Kerala. AIMS: To determine the clinical characteristics, mortality rate and possible risk factors for high mortality among patients with ACS. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Retrospective study conducted at Kottayam Medical College, ...
Frisch Daniel R - - 2009
Patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEFs) and previous myocardial infarctions or heart failure are at increased mortality risk. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators may mitigate this risk. The aim of this study was to identify patient characteristics at the time of presentation with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) that predict irreversible ...
Huang Wei - - 2009
AIMS: We assessed the predictive value of a combination of C-reactive protein (CRP) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in a 2-year prospective study in patients undergoing sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: CRP and cTnI levels were examined 1 day before and after SES implantation in 322 patients. CRP ...
- - 2009
Abstract. Objectives. We sought to determine which transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) measurements most strongly predict heart failure (HF) and to develop an index for risk stratification in outpatients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Background. Many TTE measurements have been shown to be predictive of HF, and they might be useful if ...
Sever Peter S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cardiovascular benefits of atorvastatin stratified by blood pressure-lowering regimen, 2.2 years after closure of the lipid-lowering arm (LLA) of the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial (ASCOT-LLA). METHODS: In ASCOT-LLA, 10,305 hypertensive patients randomized to amlodipine-based or atenolol-based therapy and with a total cholesterol 6.5 mmol/l or less ...
Ray Wayne A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular safety of individual nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is highly controversial, particularly in persons with serious coronary heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a multisite retrospective cohort study of commonly used individual NSAIDs in Tennessee Medicaid, Saskatchewan Health, and United Kingdom General Practice Research databases. The cohort ...
Blumer Johannes - - 2009
Indications for implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are expanding. Defining long-term predictors of ICD therapies might help to identify those patients who will benefit most from implantation of an ICD. The objective of this study was to examine long-term predictors of appropriate ICD therapy among patients with coronary disease at high ...
Wilson Sean R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ranolazine in a larger and more diverse group of patients with angina than previously studied. BACKGROUND: Ranolazine is an antianginal shown to reduce angina and improve exercise performance in selected patients with early-positive exercise testing and those with frequent angina. ...
Hayashi Meiso - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiological background of catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia is well understood, but the clinical features of this stress-induced arrhythmic disorder, especially the incidence and risk factors of arrhythmic events, have not been fully ascertained. METHODS AND RESULTS: The outcome in 101 catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia patients, including 50 probands, ...
Hummel Scott L - - 2009
Prolonged electrocardiogram (ECG) QRS duration (>or=120 ms) is a risk factor for death in systolic heart failure, but its effects in heart failure with preserved systolic function (HFPSF) have not been extensively studied. We hypothesized that prolonged ECG QRS duration would independently predict long-term mortality in hospitalized HFPSF patients. We ...
Grammer Tanja B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Neopterin is produced upon activation of the cell-mediated immune response, and may be a novel risk marker for adverse outcomes resulting from coronary artery disease. METHODS: We measured neopterin in 1801 study participants with and 511 without angiographic coronary artery disease. Rates of death were determined after a median ...
Young Lawrence H - - 2009
CONTEXT: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the major cause of mortality and morbidity in patients with type 2 diabetes. But the utility of screening patients with type 2 diabetes for asymptomatic CAD is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether routine screening for CAD identifies patients with type 2 diabetes as being ...
Pitt Bertram - - 2010
Transatlantic differences in outcomes in heart failure after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have not been examined in propensity-matched studies. In the Eplerenone Post-Acute Myocardial Infarction Heart Failure Efficacy and Survival Study (EPHESUS), there were significant imbalances in baseline characteristics between patients from North America (n=858) and Europe (n=4646). Propensity scores ...
Lindsey Jason B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between circulating soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) and coronary atherosclerosis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using data from the Dallas Heart Study, a probability-based population sample, the association between plasma levels of sRAGE and coronary artery calcium (CAC) was assessed among 2,571 subjects ...
Miranda-Guardiola Faustino - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Routine thrombectomy has been advocated for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), but it is unknown how many patients present with a large thrombus. We aimed to quantify the intracoronary thrombus in STEMI and to correlate it with procedure results. METHODS: In 98 patients with STEMI and TIMI flow grades 0-2 ...
Desai Nihar R NR Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2009
The aim of this study was to examine the interaction between cigarette smoking and the clinical efficacy of clopidogrel in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Cigarette smoking induces cytochrome P450 (CYP)1A2, which converts clopidogrel into its active metabolite, and prior studies suggest greater inhibition of platelet aggregation by clopidogrel in ...
Baber Usman - - 2009
There are limited data on the validity of the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) risk score for unstable angina pectoris (UAP)/non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction in patients with moderate to advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), including patients using dialysis. Accordingly, we evaluated the prognostic ability of the TIMI risk score in consecutive ...
Lim T K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The left atrial volume index (LAVI) reflects left ventricular (LV) filling pressure and has been shown to predict outcome in various cardiovascular diseases. However, its value for the prediction of mortality in patients referred for suspected heart failure (HF) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of LAVI for ...
Cochet Alexandre A - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare the prognostic significance of microvascular obstruction (MO) and persistent microvascular obstruction (PMO) as assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). CMR was performed in 184 patients within the week following successfully reperfused first AMI. First-pass images ...
Kaul Sanjiv - - 2009
Risk stratification of patients presenting to an emergency department (ED) with suspected cardiac chest pain (CP) and an undifferentiated electrocardiogram (ECG) is difficult. We hypothesized that a risk score incorporating clinical, ECG, Rand contrast echocardiography variables [regional function (RF) and myocardial perfusion (MP)] obtained at the bedside would accurately predict ...
Monteiro Sílvia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Ventricular dysfunction in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients is a recognized predictor of in-hospital and post-discharge morbidity and mortality. Recently, hyperglycemia at admission has been considered as an important marker of poor in-hospital prognosis. AIM: To characterize an ACS population and to identify independent predictors of one-year mortality. METHODS: ...
Padayachee L - - 2009
We conducted a meta-analysis of the utility of pre-operative C reactive protein (CRP) in predicting early (< 30 days), intermediate (30-180 days) and long term (> 180 days) mortality and major adverse cardiac events (MACE; cardiac mortality and nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) combined) following vascular surgery. Of 291 studies identified, ...
Nabais Sérgio - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Bleeding is currently the most common non-cardiac complication of therapy in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and may itself be associated with adverse outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of hemoglobin drop during hospital stay on outcome among patients with ACS. METHODS: Using ...
Bangalore Sripal - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The use of calcium channel blockers (CCBs) in patients with coronary artery disease remains controversial, with reports of increased risk of myocardial infarction and all-cause mortality. Short-acting CCBs have an unfavorable hemodynamic profile. The role of long-acting CCBs in patients with coronary artery disease is unknown. METHODS: MEDLINE/CENTRAL/EMBASE database ...
Horst Brian - - 2009
The current study was designed to determine whether drug-eluting stents (DES) are superior to bare-metal stents (BMS) in patients with stable angina. Percutaneous coronary intervention has been shown to decrease symptoms of angina; its use for stable angina has not been shown to reduce myocardial infarction or mortality. We conducted ...
Wahlstrand Björn - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We tested whether two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs2383207 and rs10757278), previously strongly associated with myocardial infarction, are independently associated with stroke and coronary events in patients with hypertension. METHODS: The Nordic Diltiazem study compared the effects of calcium antagonist and beta-blocker or diuretic-based antihypertensive treatment on cardiovascular events in ...
Ahmed Ali A University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. - - 2009
The associations of a history of hypertension with subsequent outcomes after acute myocardial infarction have not been examined in propensity-matched studies. Of the 6,632 patients with acute myocardial infarctions and left ventricular systolic dysfunction in the Eplerenone Post-Acute Myocardial Infarction Heart Failure Efficacy and Survival Study (EPHESUS), 4,407 had histories ...
Okin Peter M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The presence of the ECG strain pattern of lateral ST depression and T-wave inversion at baseline has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality; however, the independent predictive value for cardiovascular outcomes of regression versus persistence versus development of new ECG strain during antihypertensive therapy ...
Giugliano Robert P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors are indicated in patients with acute coronary syndromes who are undergoing an invasive procedure. The optimal timing of the initiation of such therapy is unknown. METHODS: We compared a strategy of early, routine administration of eptifibatide with delayed, provisional administration in 9492 patients who had acute ...
Mannucci Edoardo - - 2010
Some meta-analyses of randomized clinical trials suggested that rosiglitazone could be associated with increased risk for myocardial infarction (MI). Available meta-analyses, based on studies sponsored by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), failed to include all trials performed with rosiglitazone. Aim of this analysis is the assessment of the cardiovascular risk with rosiglitazone, using ...
Beddhu Srinivasan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance is associated with increased sympathetic and reduced parasympathetic activity. Resting heart rate reflects autonomic activity. Therefore, we examined the associations of resting heart rate with insulin resistance, cardiovascular events and mortality in the moderate chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. METHODS: Four hundred and sixty participants with MDRD ...
Szummer Karolina - - 2010
Erythropoietin has been related to adverse prognosis in patients with heart failure, but it is unknown whether it adds prognostic information in acute coronary syndrome. Plasma erythropoietin was measured on admission with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 627 patients. Patients were divided into three groups depending on their erythropoietin level and ...
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