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Tsutsumi Yasushi - - 2012
Systolic anterior motion of mitral anterior leaflet is a serious clinical condition and it is hard to control medically. Alfieri edge-to-edge repair has been thought one of the useful techniques to improve abnormal anterior systolic motion with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Here, we present a 71-year-old lady who had the left ...
Carvalho Paulo A - - 2012
The prognostic significance of the difference between poststress and at rest left ventricular ejection fraction (ΔLVEF) in patients sent for diagnostic myocardial perfusion study (MPS) is not well characterized. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the ability of ΔLVEF in further risk stratifying these patients in addition ...
Lu Zhang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To investigate the clinical features of cardiac involvement in polymyositis (PM) or dermatomyositis (DM). HYPOTHESIS: More attention will be focused on the heart in PM/DM as we would have wished, which contribute to improve the prognosis. METHODS: All articles published in English were retrieved by searching MEDLINE via PubMed ...
Godoy G K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Semi-quantitative stenosis assessment by coronary CT angiography only modestly predicts stress-induced myocardial perfusion abnormalities. The performance of quantitative CT angiography (QCTA) for identifying patients with myocardial perfusion defects remains unclear. METHODS: CorE-64 is a multicenter, international study to assess the accuracy of 64-slice QCTA for detecting ≥50% coronary arterial ...
Katsanos Aristeidis H - - 2012
Cardiac arrhythmias and electrocardiographic abnormalities are frequently observed after acute cerebrovascular events. The precise mechanism that leads to the development of these arrhythmias is still uncertain, though increasing evidence suggests that it is mainly due to autonomic nervous system dysregulation. In massive brain lesions sympathetic predominance and parasympathetic withdrawal during ...
Rausch Manuel K - - 2012
Ischemic mitral regurgitation is mitral insufficiency caused by myocardial infarction. Recent studies suggest that mitral leaflets have the potential to grow and reduce the degree of regurgitation. Leaflet growth has been associated with papillary muscle displacement, but role of annular dilation in leaflet growth is unclear. We tested the hypothesis ...
Ahmed Jamil - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Catheter angiography is one modality used to diagnose right ventricular (RV) structural abnormalities in suspected arrythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia or cardiomyopathy (ARVC) patients. The appearance of the normal RV on angiography is poorly defined. This study aimed to assess RV morphology in a control group to define the range ...
Shah Kajal - - 2012
We report a case of an acute non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (AMI) induced by paclitaxel in a patient with ovarian cancer. A 45-year-old premenopausal lady without any co-morbidity was started on the first cycle of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with paclitaxel-based regimen for advanced stage ovarian cancer. The patient developed chest pain ...
Cebula Sylwia - - 2012
Introduction: The role of heart rate turbulence (HRT) related to baroreflex sensitivity in predicting mortality after myocardial infarction (MI) has been confirmed by several investigators. However, the significance of HRT in predicting major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) following acute MI is unknown. Purpose: To analyze the prognostic value of HRT ...
Thiruganasambandamoorthy Venkatesh - - 2012
ABSTRACTBackground:Previous studies have indicated that the suboptimal performance of the San Francisco Syncope Rule (SFSR) is likely due to the misclassification of the "abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG)" variable. We sought to identify specific emergency department (ED) ECG and cardiac monitor abnormalities that better predict cardiac outcomes within 30 days in adult ...
Pakala Aneesh - - 2012
The Brugada type pattern is characterized by a coved or saddleback shaped ST-segment elevation in the right precordial leads (V1-V3) on a surface 12 lead electrocardiogram (ECG). This pattern can be seen spontaneously, induced by sodium channel blocking drugs or rarely by hyperthermia. The mechanism is secondary to an alteration ...
Ozturk Cengiz - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) unfavorably affects cardiac output and may cause acute incapacitation in flight due to loss of the atrial systole, which mainly contributes to the diastolic filling of the ventricles. Although it is the most common type of arrhythmia, it is rare in pilots and not compatible with aviation. ...
Morris Paul D - - 2012
Heart failure is usually a relentless condition associated with a poor prognosis. Triggered by a physiological insult, maladaptive neurohumoral processes result in an ever-spiralling deterioration of cardiovascular function. However, there are certain underlying conditions which are associated with a temporary reduction in contractile function leading to reversible heart failure. These ...
Milan Alberto - - 2012
Objective. Hypertension-related cardiac organ damage, other than left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH), has been described: in particular, concentric remodeling, LV diastolic dysfunction (DD), and left atrial (LA) enlargement are significantly associated with cardiovascular morbility and mortality in different populations. This study evaluated the prevalence of these latter morphofunctional abnormalities, in ...
Kuramoto Yuki - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: A 37-year-old Japanese woman experienced aborted sudden cardiac death from ventricular fibrillation and was diagnosed with Andersen-Tawil syndrome by genetic analysis that revealed 2 mutations in the KCNJ2 gene. Although she received an implantation of implantable cardioverter defibrillator and beta-blocker therapy, the frequency of premature ventricular contraction and bidirectional ...
Tereshchenko Larisa G - - 2012
The goal of the present study was to determine the predictive value of beat-to-beat QT variability in heart failure patients across the continuum of left ventricular dysfunction. Beat-to-beat QT variability index (QTVI), log-transformed heart rate variance, normalized QT variance, and coherence between heart rate variability and QT variability have been ...
Erz Gunnar - - 2012
Intensive endurance training can induce abnormal ECG patterns at rest. These alterations are differentiated into minor, mildly or distinctly abnormal ECG patterns. Echocardiographic data imply a correlation between the extent of these alterations and cardiac parameters like cardiac volume or wall thickness. In comparison to echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging ...
Chhabra Lovely L Department of Internal Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01608, USA. - - 2012
Flecainide (a class 1c antiarrhythmic) produces a dose-dependent decrease in intracardiac conduction. Its well known common electrocardiographic effects are prolongation of PR and QT intervals and the QRS complex duration. We report a case of flecainide toxicity in an elderly female who presented with a type 1 Brugada pattern who ...
Dow Joan - - 2012
Remote Ischemic Preconditioning and Cardiac Arrhythmias. Introduction: The effect of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) on arrhythmias in in vivo models is unknown. Our purpose was to determine effects of both acute and delayed RIPC on arrhythmias. Methods and Results: In the acute protocol anesthetized open chest rats were exposed to ...
Steinberg Christian - - 2012
Congenital absence of the pericardium is a very rare cardiac malformation, usually diagnosed fortuitously on autopsy or surgery. Symptoms related to these abnormalities are usually benign, and fatalities reported in the literature are almost exclusively secondary to herniation of the heart through a partial defect. We present the unusual case ...
Jongbloed Monique R M - - 2012
The cardiac conduction system is a specialized network that initiates and closely coordinates the heart beat. Cardiac conduction system development is intricately related to the development and maturation of the embryonic heart towards its four-chambered form, as is indicated by the fact that disturbed development of cardiac structures is often ...
Van Aerschot Isabelle - - 2012
An early, primary, in utero cardiac abnormality may prevent normal heart development and cause irreversible secondary structural changes. The idea of foetal cardiac intervention stems from this understanding and focuses on antenatal intervention targeting the primary abnormality to allow normal flow and haemodynamics and thus normal heart development. Crucial aspects ...
Kuntjoro I - - 2012
ST segment elevation is one of the most important electrocardiographic features that need to be recognised. Although ST segment elevation myocardial infarction is one of the main causes of this abnormality, there are other non-ischaemic causes that are also important. We discuss reversible apical ballooning syndrome or Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, pericarditis ...
Lee Dong-Yeub - - 2012
Coronary artery fistulae are usually identified during invasive coronary angiographies. However, in this case, we made the early detection of coronary artery fistulae during non-invasive transthoracic echocardiography, by demonstrating diastolic multiple abnormal color Doppler flows on the entire left ventricular walls including left ventricular free wall, interventricular septum and apex, ...
Verheyen T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Atypical myopathy (AM) is an acute, fatal rhabdomyolysis in grazing horses that mainly affects skeletal muscles. Postmortem examinations have shown that myocardial damage also occurs. Limited information is available on the effect of AM on cardiac function in affected and surviving horses. OBJECTIVES: To describe electrocardiographic and echocardiographic changes ...
Anderson Kenton L - - 2012
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Patients with syncope are frequently managed in observation units and receive serial examinations, monitoring for arrhythmias, and structural analysis of the heart. The primary aim of this study is to determine the utility of structural analysis of the heart in syncope patients who are being managed in an ...
Mehta Smita - - 2012
Abnormal coronary artery anatomy should be ruled out in any patient with myocardial dysfunction and an abnormal electrocardiogram. The reported etiologies of infantile myocardial ischemia are abnormalities of coronary arteries, perinatal asphyxia, umbilical catheterization, and myocarditis. Generalized arterial calcification of infancy, although rare, should be considered in the differential diagnosis ...
Badheka Apurva O - - 2012
Most clinicians regard isolated, minor, or nonspecific ST-segment and T-wave (NS-STT) abnormalities to be incidental, often transient, and benign findings in asymptomatic patients. We sought to evaluate whether isolated NS-STT abnormalities on routine electrocardiograms (ECGs) are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular mortality (CM) and all-cause mortality (AM) in a ...
Koc Z P - - 2012
Ischemia modified albumin (IMA) is a new marker of ischemia which is used in especially emergency room. Aim of this study is showing the association of IMA with stress induced ischemia on Tc-99m 2-methoxyisobutyl-nitrate (MIBI) myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS). 56 patients (23 F, 33 M; 56.04±8.45 years old) were included ...
Maury Philippe - - 2012
We present the case of a patient with incessant slow-fast atrio-ventricular (AV) node reentrant tachycardia induced by dual AV node conduction with aborted conduction to the ventricles. The unapparent conduction over the slow pathway was suspected here because of spontaneous nodal echoes without QRS complexes occurring during sinus rhythm, manifested ...
Tlili Rami - - 2012
The sudden death in athletes is, in the vast majority of cases, related to ventricular fibrillation, often in a subject with unknown cardiovascular abnormality; this dramatic event has a significant impact on society and the medical profession. We conducted through a literature review an analysis of data on sudden cardiac ...
Cavalcante João L - - 2012
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a complex and common genetic disease. The left ventricular outflow tract obstruction is an important determinant of symptoms and outcomes. Its pathophysiology is determined by the complex interaction of the mitral valve, papillary muscles, chordae tendinea, and interventricular septum. The knowledge and importance of the mitral ...
Ling Lee Fong - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Accurate assessment of right ventricular (RV) size (RVS) and RV systolic function (RVSF) is vital in the management of various conditions, but their assessment is challenging using echocardiography. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy and interobserver concordance of qualitative and quantitative RV echocardiography. METHODS: Fifteen ...
Chhabra Lovely - - 2012
Hypothermia is one of the most common environmental emergencies encountered by physicians that can be associated with a variety of electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities. The classic and well-known ECG manifestations of hypothermia include the presence of J (Osborne) waves, interval (PR, QRS, QT) prolongation, varied T-wave abnormalities, and atrial and ventricular ...
Atluri Pavan - - 2012
Heart failure is a global epidemic with limited therapy. Abnormal left ventricular wall stress in the diseased myocardium results in a biochemical positive feedback loop that results in global ventricular remodeling and further deterioration of myocardial function. Mechanical myocardial restraints such as the Acorn CorCap and Paracor HeartNet ventricular restraints ...
Miszalski-Jamka Tomasz - - 2012
Background: Two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) is a novel technique providing accurate assessment of myocardial function. However, its value in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's) (WG) has not been studied. Objective: To assess the presence and frequency of systolic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction using STE and to determine incremental value of STE ...
Nathan Meena - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Aortic atresia (AA) in hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) has been associated with increased mortality in several prior studies. We reviewed our autopsy series to explore the relationship of coronary abnormalities to anatomic subsets of HLHS with AA. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all pathology specimens with AA/MS (mitral stenosis) ...
Rischpler Christoph - - 2012
In myocardial perfusion SPECT, transient ischemic dilation ratio (TID) is a well-established marker of severe ischemia and adverse outcome. However, its role in the setting of (82)Rb PET is less well defined. METHODS: We analyzed 265 subjects who underwent clinical rest-dipyridamole (82)Rb PET/CT. Sixty-two subjects without a prior history of ...
Yildirim Nesligül - - 2012
Background. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of white coat hypertension (WCH) to atrial conduction abnormalities by electrocardiographic P-wave analysis and echocardiographic electromechanical coupling (EMC) interval measurement. Methods. The study consisted of sex-, age-, and body mass index-matched 24 patients with WCH, 24 patients with sustained ...
Taylor Anne L - - 2012
Nitric oxide (NO) is recognized as one of the most important cardiovascular signaling molecules, with multiple regulatory effects on myocardial and vascular tissue as well as on other tissues and organ systems. With the growth in understanding of the range and mechanisms of NO effects on the cardiovascular system, it ...
Hebert Kathy - - 2012
Background: There is paucity of data regarding conduction abnormalities in the Hispanic population with systolic heart failure (HF). We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities in a systolic HF population, with attention to the Hispanic population. Methods: A cross sectional study of 926 patients enrolled in a ...
Coglianese Erin E - - 2012
Estimates of the prevalence of asymptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) vary widely depending on the study sample and definition of LVSD. Subtle reductions in LV systolic or diastolic function are now detectable with newer echocardiographic measures, which can influence estimates of the burden of stage B heart failure (HF). ...
Green John J - - 2012
The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the predictive value of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) for future cardiovascular events and death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The utility of LGE for detecting myocardial fibrosis is well established. The prognostic value ...
Oyedeji A T - - 2012
Cor triatriatum is among the rarest of all congenital cardiac abnormalities accounting for 0.1-0.4% of all congenital heart disease. Its coexistence with a very prominent Eustachian valve which mimics a Cor triatriatum dextrum is an exceptionally rare finding in an asymptomatic adult. We report the case of a 44 year ...
Arrigo Carlo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a very rare event and is more common in women than in men. Pregnancy and the early puerperium stage have been recognized as predisposing factors for this condition. CASE REPORT: A 33-year-old woman presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with chest pain; the patient's ...
Thiene Gaetano - - 2012
Sudden death in athletes occurs because of the existence of hidden cardiovascular disorders which, during effort, may jeopardize the electrical stability of the heart, triggering ventricular tachycardia and/or fibrillation. Apart from rare conditions of ion channel diseases in the setting of a structurally normal heart, in which the disorder may ...
Chandraratna Premindra Anthony N - - 2012
Background: This investigation was designed to determine whether transient wall motion abnormalities due to myocardial ischemia induced by walking could be detected by ambulatory echocardiography. Methods: Two groups were studied. Group 1 consisted of 10 males (mean age 34 years) who had no symptoms of angina. Group 2 consisted of ...
Murtagh Gillian - - 2012
AIMS: We evaluated the extent to which left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) contributes to the high false-positive rates observed when natriuretic peptides (NPs) are used to screen for left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD), and the use of NPs in combination with electrocardiogram (ECG) to screen for pre-clinical ventricular dysfunction (PCVD). ...
Xu Yuan - - 2012
Transient ischemic dilation (TID) of the left ventricle in myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) has been shown to be a clinically useful marker of severe coronary artery disease (CAD). However, TID has not been evaluated for 99mTc-sestamibi rest/stress protocols (Mibi-Mibi). We aimed to develop normal limits and evaluate diagnostic power of ...
Barrett Michael J - - 2012
Cardiac auscultation is an important part of the preparticipation physical examination of athletes. Sudden death remains a rare but tragic event among athletes. The most common cause of sudden death among young athletes in the United States continues to be hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which may or may not present with a ...
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