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Skyschally Andreas - - 2012
AimsReperfusion injury following acute myocardial infarction impacts not only on the myocardium but also on the coronary microcirculation, and microembolization from the culprit lesion contributes to microvascular obstruction. Prior experimental studies have not accounted for microembolization in ischaemia/reperfusion injury and not considered microembolization as a confounder and target of protection ...
Hiller Nicole - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Mechanisms of local anesthetic cardiac toxicity are still not completely understood. In this study, we analyzed whether concentrations of local anesthetics found in clinical toxicity affect myocardial mitochondrial structure and oxygen consumption.METHODS:Guinea pig isolated heart Langendorff preparations were exposed to bupivacaine (3.0 and 7.5 μg/mL) and ropivacaine (3.6 and 9.0 ...
Wang Xiaohui X Department of Surgery, James H. Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Campus Box 70575, Johnson City, TN 37614-0575, - - 2013
We have reported that either toll-like receptor 4 deficiency (TLR4(-/-)) or TLR2 modulation protects against myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The mechanisms involve attenuation of I/R-induced nuclear factor KappaB (NF-κB) activation. MicroRNA-146a (miR-146a) has been reported to target interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 (IRAK1) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor associated factor ...
Frommeyer Gerrit - - 2012
Ranolazine inhibits late Na(+) and K(+) currents. Earlier studies have reported an antiarrhythmic effect. The aim of the present study was to understand whether ranolazine could still preserve its antiarrhythmic properties in the settings of chronic heart failure (CHF). In 12 female rabbits, CHF was induced by 4 weeks of ...
Jyoti Roy Subhro - - 2012
Lipids and lipoproteins play a vital role in the pathogenesis of myocardial infarction. There are no studies reported on the protective effects of sinapic acid on changes in electrocardiogram, lipids and lipoproteins in myocardial infarction. This study aims to evaluate the protective effects of sinapic acid on cardiac hypertrophy, dyslipidemia ...
Wang Xi - - 2012
Wenxin Keli is the first state‑sanctioned traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)-based antiarrhythmic drug. The present study aimed to examine whether long‑term treatment with Wenxin Keli reduces ischemia‑induced ventricular arrhythmias in rats in vivo, and if so, which mechanisms are involved. Male rats were treated with either saline (control group) or Wenxin Keli ...
Jyoti Roy Abhro - - 2012
The present study was designed to evaluate the preventive effects of p-coumaric acid on lysosomal dysfunction and myocardial infarct size in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarcted rats. Male albino Wistar rats were pretreated with p-coumaric acid (8mg/kg body weight) daily for a period of 7 days after which isoproterenol (100mg/kg body ...
Tatsumi Kazuhiro - - 2012
Background: Effectiveness of functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) in heart failure patients is of growing importance for patient prognosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether regional myocardial contractile function as assessed by tissue Doppler strain rate imaging can predict reduction in FMR caused by dobutamine. Methods: Fifty-one patients ...
Akkus Nuri I - - 2012
Nebivolol is a novel beta1-selective beta-blocker with vasodilator properties mediated through activation of the l-arginine-nitric oxide pathway. There is no published report of coronary artery spasm associated with nebivolol. We describe a 64-year-old female patient who developed unstable angina secondary to nebivolol-induced vasospastic angina which was also visible during coronary ...
Barrabés José A JA Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Institut de Recerca (VHIR), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
Distension of the ischemic region has been related to an increased incidence of spontaneous ventricular arrhythmias following coronary occlusion. This study analyzed whether regional ischemic distension predicts increased ventricular fibrillation inducibility after coronary occlusion in swine. In 18 anesthetized, open-chest pigs, the left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated for ...
Barrabés José A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Distension of the ischemic region has been related to an increased incidence of spontaneous ventricular arrhythmias following coronary occlusion. This study analyzed whether regional ischemic distension predicts increased ventricular fibrillation inducibility after coronary occlusion in swine. METHODS: In 18 anesthetized, open-chest pigs, the left anterior descending coronary ...
Kalra Yuvraj - - 2012
Dilated cardiomyopathy resulting from pheochromocytoma-mediated catecholamine excess poses a unique challenge to heart failure management. Although early screening of patients with familial neoplastic syndromes at risk for pheochromocytoma may facilitate early resection, the resultant manifestations of prolonged catecholamine excess among patients with undiagnosed pheochromocytoma may lead to myocardial fibrosis with ...
Te Charles C - - 2012
Apparent Acute Reversible Right Ventricular Pacing-Induced Left Ventricular Dysfunction. We report the case of a 70-year-old Caucasian male with a dual chamber (right atrium/right ventricle) pacemaker implanted for sinus node dysfunction and not pacemaker (PM) dependent who was found to have an apparent acute worsening of left ventricular (LV) function ...
Jiang Shasha S Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2013
Low-ambient temperature environment exposure increased the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, although the underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study was designed to examine the impact of cardiac overexpression of metallothionein, a cysteine-rich heavy metal scavenger, on low temperature (4°C)-induced changes in myocardial function and the underlying mechanism involved, with ...
Soraya Hamid - - 2012
Background: It has been proposed that metformin exerts protective effects on ischemic hearts. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of metformin on cardiac function, hemodynamic parameters, and histopathological changes in isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into six groups (n = 6) of control, ...
Soraya Hamid - - 2012
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a key sensor of cellular energy. The activation of AMPK by metformin prevents cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). Besides, the innate immune response through TLRs is activated during MI. In the present study, the effects of short-term treatment with metformin on TLR activity and ...
Elbasan Zafer - - 2012
We assessed the relationship between contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) and SYNTAX score (SS) and serum uric acid (SUA) levels in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). A total of 835 STEMI patients in whom primary percutaneous coronary intervention was performed in our cardiology clinic were included in this study (615 ...
Tschabrunn Cory M - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Developing an ablation strategy when the clinical arrhythmia cannot be induced is a challenge. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 72-year-old man is transferred to our facility for ventricular tachycardia (VT) storm. Endocardial and epicardial voltage mapping was normal and program stimulation failed to induce any arrhythmias. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) electrograms ...
Shao Yangzhen - - 2012
AimStress-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC), also known as takotsubo cardiomyopathy, is an acute cardiac syndrome with substantial morbidity and mortality. The unique hallmark of SIC is extensive ventricular dysfunction (akinesia) involving apical segments with preserved function in basal segments. Adrenergic overstimulation plays an important role in initiating SIC, but the pathomechanisms involved ...
Saguner Ardan M - - 2013
The role of the electrophysiologic (EP) study for risk stratification in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy is controversial. We investigated the role of inducible sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (SMVT) for the prediction of an adverse outcome (AO), defined as the occurrence of cardiac death, heart transplantation, sudden cardiac death, ...
Siao Chia-Jen - - 2012
Treatment of acute cardiac ischemia focuses on reestablishment of blood flow in coronary arteries. However, impaired microvascular perfusion damages peri-infarct tissue, despite arterial patency. Identification of cytokines that induce microvascular dysfunction would provide new targets to limit microvascular damage. Pro-nerve growth factor (NGF), the precursor of NGF, is a well ...
Gui Le - - 2013
In vitro experiments have shown that the upregulation of small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (SK) channels in ventricular epicardial myocytes is responsible for spontaneous ventricular fibrillation (VF) in failing ventricles. However, the role of SK channels in regulating VF has not yet been described in in vivo acute myocardial infarction (AMI) animals. ...
Ojha S - - 2012
The present study was designed to evaluate the cardioprotective potential of lycopene (LCP) against isoproterenol (ISP)-induced myocardial infarction (MI), by assessing hemodynamic, biochemical and histopathological parameters. Wistar male albino rats were orally administered with LCP (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 mg/kg) or with vehicle for 30 days, with concurrent subcutaneous injections of ISP ...
Kannan M Mari - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the protective effect of ellagic acid against experimentally induced cardiac arrhythmias, hypertrophy and its association with altered lipid metabolism during myocardial infarction in rats. METHODS: Rats were treated with ellagic acid (7.5 and 15mg/kg) orally for a period of 10days. After 10days of pretreatment, ...
Kassner Astrid - - 2012
Response to catecholamines is blunted in terminal heart failure due to β-receptor downregulation and uncoupling from adenylyl cyclase (AC). Improved myocardial responsiveness to catecholamines after ventricular assist device (VAD) support is associated with upregulation of β(1)-adrenergic receptors (β(1)-ARs). Little is known about the regulation of AC and β(2)-AR coupling after ...
Ulus Taner - - 2012
Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation is a treatment of choice widely used for a variety of supraventricular tachycardia. Transient sinus and atrioventricular (AV) node dysfunctions may occur during RF application to sites remote from the sinus and AV nodes, but they generally resolve quickly after cessation of RF current. We present ...
Abe Chikara - - 2012
Intravenous hyperosmotic NaCl infusion is an effective treatment for circulatory shock. However, a fast infusion rate (2 mL/kg at the rate of 1 mL/s) induces transient hypotension. This response has been reported to be due to decreased total peripheral resistance and/or decreased cardiac performance. Although the hypotension is transient and recovers within ...
Deftereos Spyridon - - 2012
Objectives: Soluble tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (sTRAIL) has been shown to exert protective action against atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate potential associations of coronary sTRAIL levels with indices of in-stent neointimal hyperplasia. Methods: 67 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stent were ...
Oreto Lilia - - 2012
Cardiologists and oncologists today face the daunting challenge of identifying patients at risk for late-onset left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction from the use of various chemotherapeutic agents. Currently, the most widely used method in clinical practice for monitoring the potential of chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity is calculation of LV ejection fraction. The ...
Carnicer Ricardo R Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2013
The regulation of myocardial function by constitutive nitric oxide synthases (NOS) is important for the maintenance of myocardial Ca(2+) homeostasis, relaxation and distensibility, and protection from arrhythmia and abnormal stress stimuli. However, sustained insults such as diabetes, hypertension, hemodynamic overload, and atrial fibrillation lead to dysfunctional NOS activity with superoxide ...
Liu Qiang Q Department of Cardiology, Shanghai First People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080, - - 2012
To investigate the potential of propofol in suppressing ventricular arrhythmias and to examine whether mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels are involved. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with intravenous infusion of propofol (Prop), a selective mitochondrial KATP channel inhibitor 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD), propofol plus 5-HD (Prop+5-HD), a potent mitochondrial K(ATP) channel opener diazoxide ...
Verrier Richard L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease carries dual risk for atrial tachyarrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether low-dose ranolazine and/or dronedarone can protect against vulnerability to atrial fibrillation (AF) and ventricular tachyarrhythmias. METHODS: In chloralose-anesthetized, open-chest Yorkshire pigs (N=15), the proximal segment of left circumflex (LCx) coronary artery was ...
Hwang Eui-Seock - - 2012
Background: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) has antiarrhythmic effects by multiple mechanisms. We hypothesized that RFCA curtails atrial defibrillation threshold (A-DFT) and postablation induction pacing cycle length (iPCL), making critical mass reduction one potential mechanism by which antiarrhythmic effect is achieved. Methods: We included 289 patients with ...
Zhao Ting C TC Department of Pharmacology, Xi'an Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Xi'an, - - 2012
Transient activation of p38 through anisomycin is demonstrated to precondition the heart against myocardial injury. However, it remains unknown whether specific TNF-α receptor (TNFR) p55/p75 and Nox2, a subunit of NADPH oxidase, are involved in this event. We sought to investigate whether the genetic disruption of TNFRp55/p75 and Nox2 eliminated ...
Lou Qing Q Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1218, - - 2013
In patients with sinoatrial nodal (SAN) dysfunction, atrial pauses lasting several seconds may follow rapid atrial pacing or paroxysmal tachycardia (tachy-brady arrhythmias). Clinical studies suggest that adenosine may play an important role in SAN dysfunction, but the mechanism remains unclear. To define the mechanism of SAN dysfunction induced by the ...
Matyal Robina - - 2012
Pharmacologically induced angiogenesis could be a promising option in clinical situations with diffuse inoperable coronary artery disease e.g. metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus. The failure of focused cytokine, stem cell and gene therapies to achieve both perfusion and functional improvement in clinical trials suggests a more centralized control mechanism. Neuropeptide-Y ...
Bingen Brian O - - 2012
AIMS: Sustained ventricular fibrillation (VF) is maintained by multiple stable rotors. Destabilization of sustained VF could be beneficial by affecting VF complexity (defined by the number of rotors). However, underlying mechanisms affecting VF stability are poorly understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to correlate changes in arrhythmia complexity ...
Sopka Sasa - - 2012
Volatile anaesthetics can reduce the infarction size in myocardial tissue when administered before and during experimentally induced ischaemia. The aim of this study was to investigate whether xenon is beneficial compared to isoflurane in limiting myocardial tissue apoptosis and inflammation induced by experimental ischaemia-reperfusion injury in a porcine right ventricular ...
Lupi Alessandro - - 2012
The direct thrombin inhibitor bivalirudin has gained popularity in cardiovascular medicine over the past decade because, in comparison with unfractionated heparin, it guarantees a predictable dose-related degree of anticoagulation with a low immunogenic profile and, possibly, with reduced rates of major bleeding complications. In the past bivalirudin has been frequently ...
Gabriels Karen - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Radiotherapy of thoracic and chest-wall tumors increases the long-term risk of radiation-induced heart disease, like a myocardial infarct. Cancer patients commonly have additional risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as hypercholesterolemia. The goal of this study is to define the interaction of irradiation with such cardiovascular risk ...
Annapurna Akula - - 2012
There is a comprehensive body of experimental and clinical evidence suggesting that exogenous supplementation of natural antioxidants or augmentation of endogenous antioxidants attenuates the damage caused by myocardial infarction. To evaluate the cardioprotective effects of Cl-chalcone and F-chalcone against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced myocardial infarction in rats. Myocardial infarct size was measured ...
Shin Hong Won - - 2012
Heparin is an essential drug in the treatment of acute coronary syndrome and it is used during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), albeit a serious complication of heparin therapy characterized by thrombocytopenia and high risk for venous and arterial thrombosis, has rarely been previously reported during PCI. We ...
Fang Fang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular apical (RVA) pacing is associated with adverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling and biventricular (BiV) pacing may prevent it although the mechanisms remain unclear. The current study aimed to assess the role of early pacing-induced systolic dyssynchrony (DYS) to predict adverse LV remodeling. METHODS: Patients with standard pacing ...
Vaillant Fanny - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Heart rate reduction (HRR) has shown a beneficial impact on the prevention of ventricular fibrillation, which could be explained by increased myocardial blood flow and preservation of mitochondrial structure. Here, we assessed the HRR impact on time to onset of ventricular fibrillation (TOVF) and myocardial metabolic energy status. METHODS ...
Piccirillo Gianfranco - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In congestive heart failure (CHF), autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity is known to modulate arrhythmic risk through its effects on myocardial repolarization. An increased interval between the peak and the end of the T wave (T(peak)-T(end)) has been reported to increase the incidence of sudden cardiac death. However, the ...
Sapp John L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) is still one of the most challenging procedures in cardiac electrophysiology, limited in part by unmappable arrhythmias which are non-sustained or poorly tolerated. Calculation of the inverse solution from body surface potential mapping (BSPM) has shown tremendous promise, and can rapidly map these ...
Marcus Frank I - - 2012
ARVC 2012. The most common presentation of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is palpitations or ventricular tachycardia (VT) of left bundle branch morphology in a young or middle-aged individual. The 12-lead electrocardiogram may be normal or have T-wave inversion beyond V(1) in an otherwise healthy person who is suspected of having ...
Liu Yu - - 2012
Autonomic Blockade and Atrial Fibrillation. Background: Recent clinical reports that used cholinergic and adrenergic blockade (CAB) as an alternative to ganglionated plexi (GP) ablation to terminate atrial fibrillation (AF) showed mixed results. We investigated the role of other neurotransmitters in AF inducibility. Methods: In 23 pentobarbital anesthetized dogs, a left and ...
Roy Subhro Jyoti - - 2012
In the pathology of myocardial infarction, lysosomal lipid peroxidation and resulting enzyme release play an important role. We evaluated the protective effects of sinapic acid on lysosomal dysfunction in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarcted rats. Male Wistar rats were treated with sinapic acid (12mg/kg body weight) orally daily for 10days and ...
Deshmukh Abhishek - - 2012
Cardiac sarcoid remains a challenging diagnostic entity. Electrical abnormalities in sarcoid myocarditis range from heart blocks to lethal ventricular tachycardias. Sarcoid granulomas have predilection for left ventricular side and basal septum in cardiac involvement. We present a case of sarcoid myocarditis presenting as mass involving the entire right ventricular side ...
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