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Nicholson Chad K CK Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Carlyle Fraser Heart Center, Emory University School of Medicine, 550 Peachtree St NE, Atlanta, GA 30308, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether thioredoxin 1 (Trx1) mediates the cardioprotective effects of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in a model of ischemic-induced heart failure (HF). Mice with a cardiac-specific overexpression of a dominant negative mutant of Trx1 and wild-type littermates were subjected to ischemic-induced HF. Treatment with ...
Smith Sakima A - - 2013
Stress cardiomyopathy, also known as takotsubo cardiomyopathy, is a rapidly reversible form of acute heart failure classically triggered by stressful events. It is associated with a distinctive left ventricular contraction pattern described as apical akinesis/ballooning with hyperdynamic contraction of the basal segments in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. ...
Zhang Bingfang B Department of Geriatrics, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of - - 2013
ER stress triggers myocardial contractile dysfunction while effective therapeutic regimen is still lacking. Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2), an essential mitochondrial enzyme governing mitochondrial and cardiac function, displays distinct beneficial effect on the heart. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of ALDH2 on ER stress-induced cardiac anomalies and the ...
Wang Ye - - 2013
Cardiac sympathetic hyperinnervation after myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with a high incidence of lethal arrhythmia. However, the mechanisms of nerve sprouting induced by MI are unclear. In this study, we showed a nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway involved in cardiac sympathetic hyperinnervation after MI in rabbit hearts. An MI ...
Fineschi Massimo - - 2013
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a clinical disorder characterized by a transient dilatation and akynesis or dyskinesis of the left ventricular (LV) apex, mimicking an anterior wall acute myocardial infarction in the absence of significant coronary artery disease (CAD). It typically occurs during an episode of severe emotional or physical stress. Recent ...
Rodriguez-Angulo H - - 2013
Chagas' myocardiopathy, caused by the intracellular protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is characterized by microvascular alterations, heart failure and arrhythmias. Ischemia and arrythmogenesis have been attributed to proteins shed by the parasite, although this has not been fully demonstrated. The aim of the present investigation was to study the effect of substances ...
Osadchii Oleg E - - 2013
Quinidine is a class Ia Na(+) channel blocker that prolongs cardiac repolarization owing to the inhibition of IKr, the rapid component of the delayed rectifier current. Although quinidine may induce proarrhythmia, the contributing mechanisms remain incompletely understood. This study examined whether quinidine may set proarrhythmic substrate by inducing spatiotemporal abnormalities ...
Kataria Vikas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia (ILVT) is a common form of VT in structurally normal heart. Different methods have been proposed for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of ILVT that have good short term results but recurrence is higher. Termination of tachycardia during RFA and/or non-induciblity have been the procedural endpoints. We ...
Leong-Sit Peter - - 2013
 INTRODUCTION: Prior reports demonstrate prognostic value in noninducibility of atrial arrhythmias after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation and suggest their utility in guiding additional ablation lesion sets. The type and mechanism of induced atrial arrhythmias, their relationship to the underlying atrial substrate, and prognostic significance of induced organized atrial a'rrhythmias are ...
Katayama Yoichi - - 2013
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is known to be triggered by some stress. We report the first case of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy induced by hypothermia and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). A 59-year-old woman was brought to our emergency department. Upon examination, she was found to be lethargic and disoriented. The body temperature was 30.9°C, blood ...
Shao Yangzhen - - 2013
Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the most important causes of mortality in humans(1-3). In order to improve morbidity and mortality in patients with MI we need better knowledge about pathophysiology of myocardial ischemia. This knowledge may be valuable to define new therapeutic targets for innovative cardiovascular therapies(4). Experimental MI ...
Ikeda Satoshi - - 2013
Rat models of photochemically induced cerebral infarction have been readily studied, but to date there are no reports of transcranial photochemically induced infarctions in the marmoset. In this report, we used this non-human primate as a model of cerebral thrombosis and observed the recovery process. Five common marmosets were used. ...
Redfors Björn - - 2013
Stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC), also known as Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, is characterized by severe but potentially reversible regional left ventricular wall motion abnormalities, ie, akinesia, in the absence of explanatory angiographic evidence of a coronary occlusion. The typical pattern is that of an akinetic apex with preserved contractions in the base, but ...
Liu Yong - - 2013
Hyperuricemia is a risk factor for contrast-induced acute kidney injury in patients with chronic kidney disease. This study evaluated the value of hyperuricemia for predicting the risk of contrast-induced acute kidney injury in patients with relatively normal serum creatinine who were undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. A total of 788 patients ...
Courand Pierre-Yves Nd - - 2013
Flecainide is a class 1C antiarrhythmic drug especially used for the management of supraventricular arrhythmia. In overdose cases, flecainide can induce life treating ventricular arrhythmias and cardiogenic shock. We report the case of a 72-year-old woman admitted to our intensive care unit for a regular monomorphic wide complex tachycardia (QRS ...
Savergnini Sílvia Q - - 2013
CGEN-856S is a novel Mas agonist. Herein, we examined the effects of this peptide on isoproterenol (ISO)-induced cardiac remodeling and myocardial infarction (MI) injury. We also sought to determine whether CGEN-856S activates the underlying mechanisms related to Mas receptor activation. Heart hypertrophy and fibrosis were induced by ISO (2 mg·kg·day) ...
Rubenstein Jason C - - 2013
Peri-infarct border zone (BZ) as quantified by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been proposed as a risk stratification tool, and is associated with increased mortality. BZ has been measured by various methods in the literature. We assessed which BZ analysis best predicts inducible arrhythmia ...
Konishi Masaaki - - 2013
Cardiac troponin is a specific biomarker for cardiomyocyte necrosis in acute coronary syndromes. Troponin release from the coronary circulation remains to be determined because of the lower sensitivity of the conventional assay. We sought to determine basal and angina-induced troponin release using a highly sensitive troponin assay. The cardiac troponin ...
Kai Zhang - - 2013
Glucagon-like peptide-1 and its receptor agonist-exendin-4 (Ex-4) have been shown to provide beneficial effects for cardiovascular diseases. This study investigated the effects of Ex-4 on ischemia-induced ventricular arrhythmias in rats. Anesthetized male rats were once treated with Ex-4 (5 μg/kg, i.v.) 1 h before ischemia in the absence and/or presence ...
Chen Taibo - - 2013
Ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) are commonly encountered in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Frequent ventricular ectopy can be associated with deterioration of cardiac function and may lead to VPC-induced cardiomyopathy. VPC-induced inter- and/or intraventricular dyssynchrony has been postulated as the main mechanism underlying VPC-induced left ventricular dysfunction. For risk ...
Guensch Dominik P - - 2013
Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) is a recognized vasodilator of myocardial blood vessels that leads to changes in myocardial oxygenation through the recruitment of the coronary flow reserve. Yet, it is unknown whether changes of carbon dioxide induced by breathing maneuvers can be used to modify coronary blood flow and thus myocardial ...
Pham Linh - - 2013
Hyponatremia secondary to the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) during amiodarone therapy is a rare but potentially lethal adverse effect. We report a case of severe hyponatremia associated with amiodarone, and discuss its clinical implications. An 84-year-old Caucasian man with a past medical history of hypertension and diabetes ...
Mainali Naba Raj - - 2013
Recurrent Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a relatively uncommon condition seen in patients with severe physical or emotional stress. We report a case of a 51-year-old woman who had recurrent Takotsubo cardiomyopathy with involvement of apical left ventricular (LV) segments, induced by intense emotional stress. On two occasions she presented with symptoms ...
Russell Leslie - - 2013
The classic finding of Takotsubo's cardiomyopathy is left ventricular systolic dysfunction with echocardiographic evidence of apical ballooning in the absence of significant coronary disease. Intracranial hemorrhage is a known cause for stress-induced cardiomyopathy with a similar echocardiographic presentation. This diagnostic finding suggests a similar pathophysiologic mechanism between neurogenic cardiac damage ...
Kawasaki Yusuke - - 2013
We present a case of syncope caused by coronary artery spasm without chest pain leading to ventricular fibrillation despite of vasodilator therapy with a calcium channel blocker (CCB). A 68-year-old man presented with two episodes of syncope without chest pain. Ergonovine provocation test induced a diffuse spasm in the right ...
Merlet Nolwenn - - 2013
The toxicity of doxorubicin, leading to an irreversible heart failure, limits its use as chemotherapeutic agent. The beneficial effects of early administration of β-blocker were reported in patients with heart failure due to doxorubicin, suggesting an important role of β-adrenoceptors (β-ARs). This study aimed to identify a putative target (β-AR ...
Chachques Juan Carlos - - 2013
Cardiomyopathy induces geometric alteration of the ventricular cavity, which changes from a natural elliptical (conical) to a spherical shape. Ventricular chamber dilatation and spherical deformation are important causes of morbidity and mortality among patients with congestive heart failure. In addition, diastolic dysfunction is an important clinical problem in these cases ...
Li Xiaoping - - 2013
Recent studies have demonstrated that myocardial calpain triggers caspase-3 activation and myocardial apoptosis in models of sepsis, whereas the inhibition of calpain activity down-regulates myocardial caspase-3 activation and apoptosis. However, the mechanism underlying this pathological process is unclear. Therefore, in this study, our aim was to explore whether the Hsp90/Akt ...
Ribeiro Rogerio Faustino RF - - 2013
Carvedilol has beneficial effects on cardiac function in patients with heart failure but its effect on ovariectomy-induced myocardial contractile dysfunction remains unclear. Estrogen deficiency induces myocardial contractile dysfunction and increases cardiovascular disease risk in postmenopausal women. Our aim was to investigate whether carvedilol, a beta receptor blocker, would prevent ovariectomy-induced ...
Ogawa Kiyohiro - - 2013
Left ventricular (LV) remodeling and activation of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) are cardinal features of heart failure. We previously demonstrated that enhanced central sympathetic outflow is associated with brain toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) probably mediated by brain angiotensin II type 1 receptor in mice with myocardial infarction (MI)-induced heart failure. ...
Farinetti Alberto - - 2013
The aim of the study was to evaluate the surgical approach to intramyocardial (i.m.) injection of Bone Marrow Stem Cells (BMSCs) in a pre-clinical model and its complications. In New Zealand rabbits an ischemia reperfusion injury lasting 20 min was induced by temporary ligation of anterior descending coronary artery during ...
Xie Feng - - 2013
Ultrasound induced cavitation has been explored as a method of dissolving intravascular and microvascular thrombi in acute myocardial infarction. The purpose of this study was to determine the type of cavitation required for success, and whether longer pulse duration therapeutic impulses (sustaining the duration of cavitation) could restore both microvascular ...
Springall Rashidi - - 2013
Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) may be triggered by acute infections. Systemic production of interferon gamma (IFN-γ) is induced during infection and regulates the production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs), both important in plaque stability. This study evaluates the effect of IFN-γ on the MMPs/TIMP-1 ratio in cultured ...
Zhou Peng - - 2013
The present study was to test the hypothesis that anti-arrhythmic properties of verapamil may be accompanied by preserving connexin43 (Cx43) protein via calcium influx inhibition. In an in vivo study, myocardial ischemic arrhythmia was induced by occlusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery for 45 min in Sprague-Dawley ...
Carboni Gian Piero - - 2013
It is well known that nitrates can induce paradoxical myocardial ischemia. Fifty patients (median age 73 years; range 67 to 78 years; 80% male) with healed myocardial infarcts were selected. All patients underwent resting single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and resting baseline gated-SPECT using sestamibi or thallium-201 after the sublingual ...
Gao Erhe - - 2013
Coronary artery ligation to induce myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice is typically performed by an invasive and time-consuming approach that requires ventilation and a full thoracotomy (classical method), often resulting in extensive tissue damage and high mortality. Here, we describe a novel and rapid surgical method ...
Tkaczewski Konrad - - 2013
Coronary angiography and measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR) are used for anatomical and functional assessment of coronary stenoses. The achievement of maximal coronary hyperaemia is crucial for an accurate calculation of FFR. Although adenosine and papaverine have been well validated, their mechanisms of action as well as methods of ...
Zhu Jie-Ning - - 2013
Carvedilol, a nonselective β-adrenoreceptor antagonist, protects against myocardial injury induced by acute myocardium infarction (AMI). The mechanisms underlying the anti-fibrotic effects of carvedilol are unknown. Recent studies have revealed the critical role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in a variety of cardiovascular diseases. This study investigated whether miR-29b is involved in the ...
Lin Xiaojie - - 2013
Transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) model is widely used to mimic human focal ischemic stroke in order to study ischemia/reperfusion brain injury in rodents. In tMCAO model, intraluminal suture technique is widely used to achieve ischemia and reperfusion. However, variation of infarct volume in this model often requires large ...
Milano Giuseppina - - 2013
Exposure to intermittent hypoxia (IH) may enhance cardiac function and protects heart against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. To elucidate the underlying mechanisms, we developed a cardioprotective IH model that was characterized at hemodynamic, biochemical and molecular levels. Mice were exposed to 4 daily IH cycles (each composed of 2-min at 6-8% ...
Kusumoto Saburo - - 2013
A 31-year-old woman with primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma refractory to conventional chemotherapy was treated with high-dose chemotherapy containing cyclophosphamide (CY). Subsequently, she was treated with auto peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Although a complete remission was obtained, heart failure developed two months later. Echocardiography showed an impaired systolic function ...
Pachel Christina - - 2013
Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) and its receptor fibroblast growth factor-inducible 14 (Fn14) are upregulated after myocardial infarction (MI) in both humans and mice. They modulate inflammation and the extracellular matrix, and could therefore be important for healing and remodeling after MI. However, the function of TWEAK ...
Kajimoto Masaki - - 2013
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) unloads the heart, providing a bridge to recovery in children after myocardial stunning. ECMO also induces stress which can adversely affect the ability to reload or wean the heart from the circuit. Metabolic impairments induced by altered loading and/or stress conditions may impact weaning. However, cardiac ...
Messner Barbara B Cardiac Surgery Research Laboratory, Department of Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2013
Insufficient angiogenesis and arteriogenesis in cardiac tissue after myocardial infarction (MI) is a significant factor hampering the functional recovery of the heart. To overcome this problem we screened for compounds capable of stimulating angiogenesis, and herein investigate the most active molecule, 5-Methoxyleoligin (5ML), in detail. 5ML potently stimulated endothelial tube ...
Orbay Hakan H Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin - Madison WI, - - 2013
Biological changes following myocardial infarction (MI) lead to increased secretion of angiogenic factors that subsequently stimulate the formation of new blood vessels as a compensatory mechanism to reverse ischemia. The goal of this study was to assess the role of CD105 expression during MI-induced angiogenesis by positron emission tomography (PET) ...
Santoro Alessandro A 0000-0003-2311-3350 Cardioangiology with CCU, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Federico II University Hospital, 80131 Naples, - - 2013
In a 61-year-old woman with well controlled arterial hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and smoke and suffering from recurrent angina pectoris despite angiographically normal epicardial coronary vessels and maximal therapy, the replacement of nitrates with novel antiangina drug ranolazine, after 6-month therapy, induced a complete relief of angina and a relevant rising of ...
Ruisi Michael M 0000-0001-6465-0967 Beth Israel Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY, - - 2013
Prinzmetal angina or vasospastic angina is a clinical phenomenon that is often transient and self-resolving. Clinically it is associated with ST elevations on the electrocardiogram, and initially it may be difficult to differentiate from an acute myocardial infarction. The vasospasm induced in this setting occurs in normal or mildly to ...
Sivagnanam Kamesh K Department of Internal Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN, - - 2013
Male, 27 FINAL DIAGNOSIS: Bath salt induced cardiomyopathy Symptoms: Agitation • fever • pedal edema Intravenous nor-epinephrine for less than 6 hours Clinical Procedure: - Specialty: Internal medicine • cardiology. Unusual clinical course. "Bath salts" is the street name for a group of recently identified and increasingly abused stimulant synthetic ...
Srivastav Ritesh Kumar RK Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy Integral University, Lucknow (U.P), - - 2013
The study was conducted to evaluate cardioprotective effect of silk cocoon (Abresham) Bombyx mori (B. mori) on isoprenaline-induced myocardial infarction. This study deals with the cocoons, which is called Abresham in the Unani system of medicine. It is one of the 64 drugs which Avicenna has mentioned in Avicenna's tract ...
Doods Henri - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of sabiporide, a potent and selective NHE1 inhibitor, on myocardial ischemia-induced arrhythmias and myocardial infarction and the possible pathways related to the cardioprotection afforded by sabiporide treatment. Anesthetized rats were subjected to myocardial ischemia via left main coronary artery ...
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