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Results 201 - 250 of 2798
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Jirkovský Eduard - - 2013
Despite incomplete understanding to its mechanism of action, dexrazoxane (DEX) is still the only clearly effective cardioprotectant against chronic anthracycline (ANT) cardiotoxicity. However, its clinical use is currently restricted to patients exceeding significant ANT cumulative dose (300mg/m(2)), although each ANT cycle may induce certain potentially irreversible myocardial damage. Therefore, the ...
Wang Yongliang - - 2013
Objectives: Left ventricular remodeling is a frequent complication of hypertension with no therapeutic treatment available for the subsequent onset of myocardial fibrosis. Pirfenidone is an antifibrotic small-molecular-size drug with anti-inflammatory properties that is used as a treatment for fibrotic diseases, but its effects on hypertension-induced myocardial fibrosis are unknown. Therefore, ...
Liu Ling - - 2013
The study aimed to investigate the variance of myocardial and serum Nampt levels and the role of Nampt inhibition by FK866 in relatively mild endotoxemia- and severe endotoxemia-induced myocardial injury. Different doses of LPS were injected intraperitoneally to establish relatively mild endotoxemia (4mg/kg) and severe endotoxemia (20mg/kg). FK866 (10mg/kg b.w.) ...
Minotti Giorgio - - 2013
Antitumor drugs may cause asymptomatic diastolic dysfunction that introduces a lifetime risk of heart failure or myocardial infarction. Cardio-oncology is the discipline committed to the cardiac surveillance and management of cancer patients and survivors; however, cardio-oncology teams do not always attempt to treat early diastolic dysfunction. Common cardiovascular drugs, such ...
Peters Matthew N - - 2013
An abnormal electrocardiographic stress test is typically characterized by ST segment depression. In rare cases, ST segment elevation is observed, which, in the absence of diagnostic Q waves, has anatomic specificity for localized myocardial ischemia. Most instances of ST elevation occurring during cardiac stress testing have been observed with exercise, ...
Zhang Yao-Jun - - 2013
Ginsenoside Rg1, an important and active ingredient of Panax ginseng, has been shown to exert cardioprotective effects in vivo. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that ginsenoside Rg1 attenuates cardiac dysfunction in a transverse aortic constriction (TAC)-induced left ventricular hypertrophy in vivo via proangiogenic and antifibrotic effects. This ...
Varghese Ron Thomas - - 2013
Catecholamine induced cardiomyopathy in the setting of pheochromocytoma is an unusual clinical entity. Earlier studies have reported left ventricular dysfunction in around 10% of subjects with pheochromocytoma.[1] Catecholamine induced vasoconstriction, direct toxic effect of byproducts of catecholamine degradation and direct receptor-mediated mechanisms are thought to contribute to cardiomyopathy in subjects ...
Yada Toyotaka - - 2013
Background: We have previously demonstrated that endothelium-derived hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) in canine coronary microcirculation in vivo. However, the role of H2O2/EDHF during angiotensin type 1 receptor blockers (ARB) administration in metabolic coronary dilatation in vivo remains to be examined. We examined whether H2O2 during ...
Dai Chen-Cheng - - 2013
Emerging evidence suggests that significant left ventricular dysfunction may arise in right-sided septal or paraseptal accessory pathways (APs) with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, even in the absence of recurrent or incessant tachycardia. During 1 year and 9 months, we identified four consecutive female children with median age of 8 years diagnosed as having dilated cardiomyopathy ...
Friehling Mati - - 2013
Electrocardiographic left bundle branch block (LBBB) may be intrinsic, due to ventricular conduction system disease, or induced by right ventricular pacing. Prior reports clearly delineate the derogatory impact of LBBB on left ventricular (LV) mechanical synchrony and global function, and suggest that the intrinsic and induced varieties are equivalent. This ...
Gurudevan Swaminatha V SV Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2013
Cocaine is a major cause of acute coronary syndrome, especially in young adults; however, the mechanistic underpinning of cocaine-induced acute coronary syndrome remains limited. Previous studies in animals and in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization suggest that cocaine constricts coronary microvessels, yet direct evidence is lacking. We used myocardial contrast echocardiography ...
Xu Xue - - 2013
Pressure overload‑induced myocardial hypertrophy is associated with a poor prognosis in humans and contributes to the development of cardiac arrhythmias, diastolic dysfunction and ultimate congestive heart failure. 3‑Hydroxy‑3‑methylglutaryl‑CoA (HMG‑CoA) reductase inhibitors, also known as statins, have been previously shown to induce regression of myocardial hypertrophy in aortic banding models. However, ...
Mizuno Reiko - - 2013
Although cardiotoxicity is a well-known side effect of anthracycline, detection of subclinical impairment of myocardial contractility at the latent stage is difficult. The left ventricular end-systolic wall stress (WS)-velocity of circumferential fiber-shortening (VCF) relationship reflects the load-independent myocardial contractility and can detect sensitively intrinsic abnormalities in myocardial contractility. Usefulness of ...
van de Hoef Tim P - - 2013
Documentation of inducible myocardial ischaemia, related to the coronary stenosis of interest, is of increasing importance in lesion selection for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is an easily understood, routine diagnostic modality that has become part of daily clinical practice, and is used as a surrogate technique ...
Belaidi Elise - - 2013
Preventing cyclophilin D (cypD) translocation to the inner mitochondrial membrane can limit lethal reperfusion injury through the inhibition of the opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. Inhibition or loss of function of cypD may also result into an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress that has been shown to alter cell ...
Mochizuki Toshiaki - - 2013
In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of low- and high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on cardioprotection by induced hypothermia (IH) at 34°C and examine whether extracellular signal-regulated kinase or endothelial nitric oxide synthase mediates this cardioprotection. Left ventricle infarct sizes were evaluated in six groups of rat hearts ...
Antunes Eduardo - - 2013
Low frequency noise (LFN) characterized by large pressure amplitude (> or =90 dB SPL) and low frequency bands (< or =500 Hz) can lead to structural and ultrastructural modifications in the extracellular matrix of several tissues, with an abnormal proliferation of collagen and development of fibrosis. It is not known ...
Wikenheiser Jamie J Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of California, Irvine School of Medicine, 1001 Health Sciences Rd, 306D Med Surg II, Irvine, CA 92697, USA. - - 2013
Differential tissue hypoxia drives normal cardiogenic events including coronary vessel development. This requirement renders cardiogenic processes potentially susceptible to teratogens that activate a transcriptional pathway that intersects with the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1) pathway. The potent toxin 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is known to cause cardiovascular defects by way of reduced myocardial hypoxia, ...
Jin Zhe - - 2013
BACKGROUND: It is not clear yet how tadalafil affects nonischemic cardiomyopathy, although its beneficial effects on acute myocardial infarction are well-known. We investigated tadalafil's beneficial effects on nonischemic cardiomyopathy and the specific mechanisms of its effects. METHODS: Cardiomyopathy was induced in mice by a single intraperitoneal injection of doxorubicin (15mg/kg). ...
Falcone Colomba - - 2013
Objective: The mechanisms by which migraine is linked to ischemic vascular disease remain uncertain and are likely to be complex. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) and a history of documented primary headache in a large population of patients with exercise-induced ...
Chintalgattu Vishnu V Metabolic Disorders, Amgen Inc., Research, South San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2013
Sunitinib malate is a multitargeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor used in the treatment of human malignancies. A substantial number of sunitinib-treated patients develop cardiac dysfunction, but the mechanism of sunitinib-induced cardiotoxicity is poorly understood. We show that mice treated with sunitinib develop cardiac and coronary microvascular dysfunction and exhibit an ...
Radosinska Jana - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: Hypertension-induced myocardial remodeling is known to be associated with increased risk for malignant arrhythmias and alterations in electrical coupling protein, connexin-43 (Cx43), may be involved. We investigated whether omega-3 fatty acids intake affects abnormalities of Cx43 as well as protein kinase C (PKC) signaling and myosin heavy chain (MyHC) ...
Christia Panagiota - - 2013
Acute cardiomyocyte necrosis in the infarcted heart generates damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), activating complement and Toll-Like Receptor (TLR)/Interleukin (IL)-1 signalling and triggering an intense inflammatory reaction. Infiltrating leucocytes clear the infarct from dead cells, while activating reparative pathways that lead to formation of a scar. As the infarct heals the ...
Shen Juanhong - - 2013
In this study, we investigated the myocardial inflammation and mitochondrial function during venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) and further evaluated the effects of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) on them. Eighteen piglets were assigned to the control group, ECMO group, and ECMO+CRRT group. Myocardial inflammation was assessed by the ...
Stanely Mainzen Prince P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cardiac apoptosis plays an important role in the pathology of myocardial infarction. The protective effects of p-coumaric acid on cardiac apoptosis were evaluated in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarcted rats. METHODS: Rats were pretreated with p-coumaric acid (8mg/kg body weight) daily for a period of 7days. After pretreatment, isoproterenol (100mg/kg ...
Roy Abhro Jyoti - - 2013
The present study evaluated the preventive effects of p-coumaric acid on cardiac hypertrophy and alterations in electrocardiogram, lipids, and lipoproteins in experimentally induced myocardial infarcted rats. Rats were pretreated with p-coumaric acid (8 mg/kg body weight) daily for a period of 7 days and then injected with isoproterenol (100 mg/kg ...
Baotic Ines I Department of Anesthesiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2013
Acute hyperglycemia (AHG) decreases the availability of nitric oxide (NO) and impairs anesthetic preconditioning (APC)-elicited protection against myocardial infarction. We investigated whether D-4F, an apolipoprotein A-1 mimetic, rescues the myocardium by promoting APC-induced endothelial NO signaling during AHG. Myocardial infarct size was measured in mice in the absence or presence ...
Chang Ming-Yao - - 2013
Recent developments in nanotechnology have created considerable potential toward diagnosis and cancer therapy. In contrast, the use of nanotechnology in tissue repair or regeneration remains largely unexplored. We hypothesized that intramyocardial injection of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1-complexed poly (D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles (PLGA-IGF-1 NPs) increases IGF-1 retention, induces Akt phosphorylation, and ...
Chwyczko Tomasz - - 2013
Right ventricular pacing (RVP) causes ventricular desynchronization and may lead to the development of heart failure (HF). Prolongation of atrioventricular delay (AVD) in DDDR pacemakers reduces unnecessary RV stimulation. The aim of the study was to verify the influence of RVP reduction on HF symptoms. The study comprised 31 patients ...
Hollander M - - 2013
The formation of collateral vessels (arteriogenesis) to sustain perfusion in ischemic tissue is native to the body and can compensate for coronary stenosis. However, arteriogenesis is a complex process and is dependent on many different factors. Although animal studies on collateral formation and stimulation show promising data, clinical trials have ...
Simón-Yarza Teresa - - 2013
Myocardial ischemia (MI) remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Angiogenic therapy with the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a promising strategy to overcome hypoxia and its consequences. However, from the clinical data it is clear that fulfillment of the potential of VEGF warrants a better delivery ...
Kaya Ahmet - - 2013
We investigated the relationship between baseline neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Consecutive patients diagnosed with STEMI (n = 691) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) were included in the study. The CIN was defined as an increase in serum ...
Feher Attila - - 2013
Background: Bradykinin (BK) is a key mediator regulating coronary blood flow. It is degraded by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), but what is unknown is whether enhanced tissue ACE activity interferes with BK-induced coronary vasodilation in obesity. Methods and Results: Coronary arterioles (∼100μm) were isolated from rats on a normal or high-fat diet (HFD) ...
Tanaka Yoshihiro - - 2013
Rationale: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction caused by severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with high mortality due to RV failure. However, some patients could suffer from sudden cardiac death (SCD). We hypothesize that severe PH can cause RV arrhythmogenesis leading to SCD. Objectives: To investigate arrhythmogenesis in PH, optical mapping ...
Deniz A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common arrhythmias observed in clinical practice. The frequency of AF is increased in patients with impaired interatrial conduction. We aimed to investigate whether tissue Doppler echocardiography could be used for the evaluation of atrial conduction characteristics instead of an electrophysiological study, ...
Oral Hasan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Chemokines and neutrophils, known as important players in the inflammatory cascade, also contribute to heart tissue recovery and scar formation after myocardial infarction (MI). The objective of this study was to determine the importance of ELR-containing CXC chemokine KC in neutrophil infiltration and neoangiogenesis, in a mouse model of ...
Liu Yi-Hong - - 2013
AIMS: Cardiac local renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in the development of heart failure and left ventricle remodeling. We previously reported that hydrogen sulfide (H2S), an endogenous gaseous mediator, regulates renin synthesis and release in the juxtaglomerular cells. The present study was designed to investigate whether H2S can protect ...
Han Yong - - 2013
Background: It has been reported that 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) aggravates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, but the exact mechanism of action is still unclear. Methods and Results: Experiments were performed in isolated rat hearts subjected to 35min of ischemia followed by 40min of reperfusion in Langendorff preparations. Perfusion with HET0016, an inhibitor of ...
Montano Monica M MM Department of Pharmacology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, H.G. Wood Bldg. W307, 2109 Adelbert Road, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. - - 2013
The transcription factor hexamethylene-bis-acetamide-inducible protein 1 (HEXIM1) regulates myocardial vascularization and growth during cardiogenesis. Our aim was to determine whether HEXIM1 also has a beneficial role in modulating vascularization, myocardial growth, and function within the adult heart. To achieve our objective, we created and investigated a mouse line wherein HEXIM1 ...
Mühlfeld Christian - - 2013
Structural and functional remodelling of cardiomyocytes, capillaries and cardiac innervation occurs in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and heart failure (HF) in response to pressure-induced overload. However, the onset, time course and the extent of these morphological alterations remain controversial. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that the progression ...
Liu Yuchuan Y Cardiovascular Research Center, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, - - 2013
Nitric oxide activation of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) blunts the cardiac stress response, including cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. In the concentric hypertrophied heart, oxidation and re-localization of myocardial sGC diminish cyclase activity, thus aggravating depressed nitric oxide-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (NO-cGMP) signaling in the pressure-overloaded failing heart. Here, we hypothesized that volume-overload differentially ...
Dennis Kathleen E - - 2013
SUMMARY: Heart failure (HF) is a dominant cause for the higher mortality of diabetics after myocardial infarction (MI). In the present investigation, we have discovered that higher levels of oxidative stress (OS)-induced carbonylated proteins accompany worsening post-MI HF in the presence of type 1 diabetes. These findings provide a mechanistic ...
Alhaj Eyad - - 2013
Stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC) is characterized by reversible left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction, which appears to be triggered by an intense, stressful event in the absence of significant coronary artery disease. It manifests typically with transient left ventricular wall motion abnormalities (WMA) involving the apical and/or mid-ventricular myocardial segments, associated with ...
Cherpanath T G V - - 2013
Cardiopulmonary interactions induced by mechanical ventilation are complex and only partly understood. Applied tidal volumes and/or airway pressures largely mediate changes in right ventricular preload and afterload. Effects on left ventricular function are mostly secondary to changes in right ventricular loading conditions. It is imperative to dissect the several causes ...
Sudha M - - 2013
Though there are studies to show protective effect of glutathione against neurotoxicity and nephrotoxicity, the present study was designed to investigate the cardio protective effect of glutathione against isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction in rats by demonstrating the changes in serum cardiac markers, antioxidant enzymes and ECG changes. Wistar male rats ...
Coquerel David - - 2013
Septic shock has a high mortality rate, partially related to myocardial dysfunction. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFAs) possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, but whether omega-3 PUFAs exert beneficial effects on myocardial function is unknown. We investigated, in a rat model of endotoxic shock, the effects of omega-3 PUFAs pretreatment on ...
Wang Xinfeng - - 2013
BackgroundCalcitriol (CAL), an active form of vitamin D, plays a vital role in controlling cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. The aim of the present study is to explore the effects of CAL and to elucidate its underlying mechanisms on myocardial injury induced by isoproterenol (ISO).MethodsMyocardial impairment was induced by the ...
Gupta Prachi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ritonavir is a HIV protease inhibitor. In addition to its antiviral effect, Ritonavir directly inhibits the insulin-regulated glucose transporter GLUT4 and blocks glucose entry into fat and muscle cells. However, the effect of Ritonavir on cardiac GLUT4 inhibition during myocardial necrosis is not investigated. In the present study, we ...
Eltzschig Holger K HK Mucosal Inflammation Program, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA. - - 2013
Myocardial ischemia is associated with profound tissue hypoxia due to an imbalance in oxygen supply and demand, and studies of hypoxia-elicited adaptive responses during myocardial ischemia revealed a cardioprotective role for the signaling molecule adenosine. In ischemic human hearts, the A2B adenosine receptor (ADORA2B) is selectively induced. Functional studies in ...
Ke Dan - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: CD4CD25 regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a key role in the prevention of various inflammatory and autoimmune disorders by suppressing immune responses. The beneficial effect of statins on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) depends in part on their immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. We aimed to determine whether Tregs contribute to ...
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