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Swyers T - - 2013
The myocardium has an innate ability to protect itself from ischemic events. This protection occurs when the myocardium is exposed to a brief ischemic period prior to a more extreme ischemic event. This is termed ischemic preconditioning. Ischemic preconditioning induces a series of molecular pathways that protect the cardiac myocyte; ...
Schweiger Martin - - 2013
Evolution of ventricular assist devices (VADs) leading to miniaturization has made intracorporeal implantation in children feasible. Ventricular assist device therapy for anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy (CMP) in adults has been reported. We report the case of an 8-year-old child (body surface area 0.97 m) presenting with anthracycline-induced CMP being successfully treated with ...
Cedraz Swellen Schuenemann - - 2013
Chagas disease has become a global problem due to changing migration patterns. An electrophysiological study is generally indicated for assessing sinus node function, conduction through the atrioventricular node and His-Purkinje system, in addition to evaluating the mechanisms of arrhythmia. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of ...
Liu Qingwei - - 2013
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is crucial in cardiomyocyte apoptosis induced by myocardial infarction (MI) and carvedilol has been reported to have anti-apoptotic effects. We hypothesized that the effects of this agent are in part mediated through TLR4 signaling pathways. A total of 48 rats were randomized to the following groups ...
Okuyan Hızır - - 2013
Itraconazole is a broad-spectrum antifungal agent. It rarely leads to adverse the cardiovascular effects, especially heart failure. We present here a case of a 60-year-old female patient with itraconazole induced heart failure.
Zaman Sarah - - 2013
-Electrophysiologic study (EPS) following myocardial infarction may have a role in identifying patients at risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). It has been shown previously that inducible very fast ventricular tachycardia (VFVT) cycle length (CL) 200-230ms is predictive of arrhythmia recurrence; however, its significance early following reperfusion in ST-elevation myocardial ...
Ashruf Jesse F - - 2013
The ultimate goal of therapy for cardiogenic shock is to restore microcirculatory function and thereby restore the oxygen supply to sustain cellular function. Therapeutic measures mainly focus on improving pressure-derived macrocirculatory parameters. However, it is increasingly clear that to achieve significant progress in treatment, microcirculatory physiopathological mechanisms must be considered. ...
Gross Eric R ER Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. - - 2013
Deciphering the remote conditioning molecular mechanism may provide targets to develop therapeutics that can broaden the clinical application. To further investigate this, we tested whether two protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes, the ubiquitously expressed epsilon PKC (εPKC) and the neuronal-specific gamma PKC (γPKC), mediate nociceptive-induced remote myocardial conditioning. Male Sprague-Dawley ...
Guan Jian J Divisions of Cardiovascular Medicine and Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 77 Avenue Louis Pasteur, NRB 431, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
Immunoglobulin light chain (LC) amyloidosis (AL) results from overproduction of circulating amyloidogenic LC proteins and subsequent amyloid fibril deposition in organs. Mortality in AL amyloidosis patients is highly associated with a rapidly progressive AL cardiomyopathy, marked by profound impairment of diastolic and systolic cardiac function and significant early mortality. While ...
Shida Takuya - - 2013
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is associated with increased oxidative stress and vascular endothelial dysfunction, which lead to coronary microangiopathy. We tested whether statin-induced redox imbalance improvements could ameliorate diabetic cardiomyopathy and improve coronary microvasculature in streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus (DM). Fluvastatin (10 mg/kg/day) or vehicle was orally administered for 12 weeks to rats ...
Beigel Roy - - 2013
Although previous retrospective studies have suggested the clinical benefits of clopidogrel pretreatment in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI), the antiplatelet effect of thienopyridines during a narrow door-to-balloon time frame has not been evaluated. Seventy-nine consecutive patients with STEMI were treated with either 600 mg ...
Ellis Ethan R - - 2013
Congestive heart failure is a major health care concern affecting almost six million Americans and an estimated 23 million people worldwide, and its prevalence is increasing with time. Long-standing tachycardia is a well-recognized cause of heart failure and left ventricular dysfunction and has led to the nomenclature, tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. Tachycardia-induced ...
Fleet Richard R Department of Family Medicine Emergency Medicine, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada; Research Chair in Emergency Medicine, Université Laval-Hôtel-Dieu de Lévis, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
We have previously reported that 35% CO2 challenge induced myocardial ischemia in 81% of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with comorbid panic disorder (PD) and previous positive nuclear exercise stress tests. However, it is yet unclear whether this is the case among CAD patients with PD and normal nuclear exercise ...
Seifirad Soroush - - 2013
Compared to the normal population, patients with congestive heart failure are at higher risk for contrast-induced nephropathy. A variety of interventions are suggested to reduce the risk for contrast-induced nephropathy. Unfortunately results of none of current protective treatments are satisfactory. Apelin a vasodilator adipocytokine, positively inotropic agent, and free radical ...
Stankovic Ivan - - 2013
Contradicting reports have been published regarding the relation between a dobutamine-induced increase in either cardiac dyssynchrony or left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and the response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Using apical rocking (ApRock) as surrogate dyssynchrony parameter, we investigated the dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE)-induced changes in left-ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony and ...
Liu C-C - - 2013
To assess the beneficial effect of carvedilol treatment on infarct myocardium and the relation to the expression of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), and β-arrestin 2. Rat myocardial infarction (MI) model was produced by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery. Forty-eight rats were randomized to the ...
Yousefi Keyvan - - 2013
Isoproterenol injection (100 mg/kg; sc) produced changes in ECG pattern including ST-segment elevation and suppressed R-amplitude. The methanolic extract of M. vulgare at doses of 10, 20, and 40 mg/kg significantly amended the ECG changes. A severe myocardial necrosis and edematous along with a sharp reduction in the arterial blood ...
Osadchii Oleg E - - 2013
Procainamide is class Ia Na(+) channel blocker that may prolong ventricular repolarization secondary to inhibition of IK r , the rapid component of the delayed rectifier K(+) current. In contrast to selective IN a blockers such as lidocaine, procainamide was shown to produce arrhythmogenic effects in the clinical setting. This ...
Hojo Rintaro - - 2013
A 47-year-old man underwent slow pathway ablation for slow-fast atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia. Following the procedure, he felt palpitations while swallowing, and swallowing-induced atrial tachycardia was diagnosed. Swallowing-induced atrial tachycardia arose from the right atrium-superior vena cava junction and was cured by catheter ablation. After the procedure, the patient's heart ...
Odening Katja E - - 2013
Enhanced dispersion of action potential duration (APD) is a major contributor to long-QT-(LQTS)-related arrhythmias. We aimed at investigating spatial correlations of regional heterogeneities in cardiac repolarization and mechanical function in LQTS. Female transgenic LQT2 (n=11) and wildtype (LMC) rabbits (n=9/10 without/with E4031) were subjected to phase contrast MRI to assess ...
Karabay C Y - - 2013
Stent thrombosis is an example of device-induced, platelet-mediated arterial thrombosis with a potentially fatal adverse event that often leads to myocardial infarction and/or death. The optimal treatment of patients with drug-eluting stent thrombosis in whom mechanical thrombectomy has failed is not established. This case demonstrates the usefulness of intracoronary thrombolysis ...
Tokuda Michifumi - - 2013
A 38-year-old female with prior failed endocardial ablation for ventricular tachycardia (VT) was referred for further treatment. She had been diagnosed with peripartum cardiomyopathy 7 years before and had persistent left ventricular dysfunction with an ejection fraction of 20%. Epicardial voltage mapping showed extensive epicardial scar despite absence of endocardial ...
Khan M Usman - - 2013
Cardiac arrhythmias are rarely inducible in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy on provocative manoeuvres to identify latent obstruction. We present a 40-year-old male with history of nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who presented with lightheadedness. Echocardiogram showed severe asymmetric hypertrophy of the left ventricle without left ventricular outflow tract gradient at rest. On Doppler ...
Shi Mengfan - - 2013
The present study was designed to investigate the cardioprotective effect of total phenylethanoid glycosides from Monochasma savatieri Franch (TPG). The data showed that there were mainly four phenylethanoid glycosides isolated and identified from TPG. TPG significantly increased cells viability and inhibited morphological changes on H9c2 cardiomyocytes induced by H2O2 or ...
Yang Yang - - 2013
Ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury (IRI) is harmful to the cardiovascular system and causes mitochondrial oxidative stress. Silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1), a type of histone deacetylase, contributes to IRI. Curcumin (Cur) is a strong natural antioxidantand is the active component in Curcuma longa; Cur has protective effects against IRI and ...
Wu Joe - - 2013
In these studies we have utilized a mouse model containing a cardiac specific, oxygen-stabilized, Dox-off regulated HIF-1α transgene to probe the role of HIF-1α in cardioprotection. Hearts used in these studies were derived from wild-type (WT), non-induced (Non-I), 2 day (2D) and 6 day (6D) doxycycline deprived mice. Whereas HIF-1α ...
Breidthardt Tobias - - 2013
Background: Haemodialysis (HD) is able to induce recurrent myocardial ischemia and segmental left-ventricular dysfunction (myocardial stunning). The association of N-terminal Pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NTpro-BNP) with HD-induced myocardial stunning is unclear. Methods: In 70 prevalent HD patients, HD-induced myocardial stunning was assessed echocardiographically at baseline and after 12 months. The extent ...
Ahmed Fozia Z - - 2013
Pacing-induced ventricular dysfunction and pacing-induced cardiomyopathy (PiCMP) are recognized complications of chronic right ventricular pacing. Alterations in myocardial perfusion and sympathetic innervation contribute to the development of pacing-induced heart disease. However, it is unlikely that these are the only processes involved. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are proteolytic enzymes that degrade the ...
Shirani Jamshid - - 2013
In patients with obstructive coronary artery disease, electrocardiographic (ECG) ST-segment elevation (STE) is frequently seen during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in leads overlying previous transmural left ventricular (LV) myocardial infarction. The mechanism of occasional STE during DSE in LV region with inducible myocardial ischemia and no previous myocardial infarction has ...
De Sisti Antonio - - 2013
Reentry circuits of a rare typical atrial flutter (AFL) involving the cavo-tricuspid isthmus (CTI) and proximal coronary sinus (CS) are described based on electrophysiological data and effects of radiofrequency (RF). Twelve patients with ECG-typical AFL in whom entrainment demonstrated that CTI and proximal CS were both part of the circuit ...
Kitamura Tetsuhiro - - 2013
Acromegaly is frequently accompanied by left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) which causes ventricular dysfunction. Ventricular arrhythmia is one of the important complications in acromegalic patients. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by LVH with a nondilated chamber. About 10 % of HCM evolve into dilated phase of HCM, which is associated with ...
Friedberg Mark K - - 2013
Rationale The pressure-loaded right ventricle (RV) adversely impacts left ventricular (LV) function. We recently found that these ventricular-ventricular interactions lead to LV myocardial fibrosis through transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) signaling. Objectives To investigate the mechanisms mediating biventricular fibrosis in RV afterload and their potential modification by angiotensin receptor blockade. ...
Ma Lei-Lei - - 2013
Recent studies have demonstrated that volatile anesthetic postconditioning confers myocardial protection against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury through activation of the reperfusion injury salvage kinase (RISK) pathway. As RISK has been shown to be impaired by ventricular hypertrophy, we investigate whether anesthetic-induced cardiac protection was maintained in rat hearts with ventricular hypertrophy. ...
Redfors Bjorn - - 2013
Stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC) is an important differential diagnosis to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The typical hallmark of SIC is left-ventricular apical akinesia but preserved function in basal segments. Catecholamines are postulated to play an important role in SIC but the precise pathophysiology ...
Chang Po-Cheng - - 2013
A secondary rise of intracellular Ca(2+) (Cai) and an upregulation of IKAS are characteristic findings of failing ventricular myocytes. We hypothesize that apamin, a specific IKAS blocker, may induce torsades de pointes (TdP) ventricular arrhythmia from failing ventricles exhibiting secondary rises of Cai. To test the hypothesis that small conductance ...
Jirkovský Eduard - - 2013
Despite incomplete understanding to its mechanism of action, dexrazoxane (DEX) is still the only clearly effective cardioprotectant against chronic anthracycline (ANT) cardiotoxicity. However, its clinical use is currently restricted to patients exceeding significant ANT cumulative dose (300mg/m(2)), although each ANT cycle may induce certain potentially irreversible myocardial damage. Therefore, the ...
Wang Yongliang - - 2013
Objectives: Left ventricular remodeling is a frequent complication of hypertension with no therapeutic treatment available for the subsequent onset of myocardial fibrosis. Pirfenidone is an antifibrotic small-molecular-size drug with anti-inflammatory properties that is used as a treatment for fibrotic diseases, but its effects on hypertension-induced myocardial fibrosis are unknown. Therefore, ...
Liu Ling - - 2013
The study aimed to investigate the variance of myocardial and serum Nampt levels and the role of Nampt inhibition by FK866 in relatively mild endotoxemia- and severe endotoxemia-induced myocardial injury. Different doses of LPS were injected intraperitoneally to establish relatively mild endotoxemia (4mg/kg) and severe endotoxemia (20mg/kg). FK866 (10mg/kg b.w.) ...
Minotti Giorgio - - 2013
Antitumor drugs may cause asymptomatic diastolic dysfunction that introduces a lifetime risk of heart failure or myocardial infarction. Cardio-oncology is the discipline committed to the cardiac surveillance and management of cancer patients and survivors; however, cardio-oncology teams do not always attempt to treat early diastolic dysfunction. Common cardiovascular drugs, such ...
Peters Matthew N - - 2013
An abnormal electrocardiographic stress test is typically characterized by ST segment depression. In rare cases, ST segment elevation is observed, which, in the absence of diagnostic Q waves, has anatomic specificity for localized myocardial ischemia. Most instances of ST elevation occurring during cardiac stress testing have been observed with exercise, ...
Zhang Yao-Jun - - 2013
Ginsenoside Rg1, an important and active ingredient of Panax ginseng, has been shown to exert cardioprotective effects in vivo. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that ginsenoside Rg1 attenuates cardiac dysfunction in a transverse aortic constriction (TAC)-induced left ventricular hypertrophy in vivo via proangiogenic and antifibrotic effects. This ...
Varghese Ron Thomas - - 2013
Catecholamine induced cardiomyopathy in the setting of pheochromocytoma is an unusual clinical entity. Earlier studies have reported left ventricular dysfunction in around 10% of subjects with pheochromocytoma.[1] Catecholamine induced vasoconstriction, direct toxic effect of byproducts of catecholamine degradation and direct receptor-mediated mechanisms are thought to contribute to cardiomyopathy in subjects ...
Yada Toyotaka - - 2013
Background: We have previously demonstrated that endothelium-derived hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) in canine coronary microcirculation in vivo. However, the role of H2O2/EDHF during angiotensin type 1 receptor blockers (ARB) administration in metabolic coronary dilatation in vivo remains to be examined. We examined whether H2O2 during ...
Dai Chen-Cheng - - 2013
Emerging evidence suggests that significant left ventricular dysfunction may arise in right-sided septal or paraseptal accessory pathways (APs) with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, even in the absence of recurrent or incessant tachycardia. During 1 year and 9 months, we identified four consecutive female children with median age of 8 years diagnosed as having dilated cardiomyopathy ...
Friehling Mati - - 2013
Electrocardiographic left bundle branch block (LBBB) may be intrinsic, due to ventricular conduction system disease, or induced by right ventricular pacing. Prior reports clearly delineate the derogatory impact of LBBB on left ventricular (LV) mechanical synchrony and global function, and suggest that the intrinsic and induced varieties are equivalent. This ...
Gurudevan Swaminatha V SV Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2013
Cocaine is a major cause of acute coronary syndrome, especially in young adults; however, the mechanistic underpinning of cocaine-induced acute coronary syndrome remains limited. Previous studies in animals and in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization suggest that cocaine constricts coronary microvessels, yet direct evidence is lacking. We used myocardial contrast echocardiography ...
Xu Xue - - 2013
Pressure overload‑induced myocardial hypertrophy is associated with a poor prognosis in humans and contributes to the development of cardiac arrhythmias, diastolic dysfunction and ultimate congestive heart failure. 3‑Hydroxy‑3‑methylglutaryl‑CoA (HMG‑CoA) reductase inhibitors, also known as statins, have been previously shown to induce regression of myocardial hypertrophy in aortic banding models. However, ...
Mizuno Reiko - - 2013
Although cardiotoxicity is a well-known side effect of anthracycline, detection of subclinical impairment of myocardial contractility at the latent stage is difficult. The left ventricular end-systolic wall stress (WS)-velocity of circumferential fiber-shortening (VCF) relationship reflects the load-independent myocardial contractility and can detect sensitively intrinsic abnormalities in myocardial contractility. Usefulness of ...
van de Hoef Tim P - - 2013
Documentation of inducible myocardial ischaemia, related to the coronary stenosis of interest, is of increasing importance in lesion selection for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is an easily understood, routine diagnostic modality that has become part of daily clinical practice, and is used as a surrogate technique ...
Belaidi Elise - - 2013
Preventing cyclophilin D (cypD) translocation to the inner mitochondrial membrane can limit lethal reperfusion injury through the inhibition of the opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. Inhibition or loss of function of cypD may also result into an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress that has been shown to alter cell ...
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