Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2721
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De Luccia Nelson - - 2008
We evaluated nonreversed vein grafts in above-knee bypasses for chronic critical limb ischemia in a retrospective study with intention-to-treat analysis in patients who underwent above-knee bypass grafting. During a 4-year period, 51 patients (men, 32; women, 19; mean age = 66 years) with 53 critically ischemic lower extremities underwent above-knee ...
Koch Colleen Gorman - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Preoperative quality of life of patients undergoing cardiac surgical procedures has been associated with postoperative morbidity, survival, and quality of life. Patients of lower socioeconomic status have disproportionately greater cardiovascular disease burden and more complications of cardiovascular disease. We examined the interactive effects of demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, and ...
Carey Joseph S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Case volume in cardiac surgery has been a concern since the term "the occasional open heart surgeon" was used more than 40 years ago, indicating one who performs cardiac surgery infrequently. METHODS: Risk-adjusted operative mortality (in-hospital or 30-day mortality) for isolated coronary artery bypass grafting procedures reported to the ...
Hovakimyan Arman - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine predictors and evaluate outcomes of emergency conversion to cardiopulmonary bypass during planned off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. From January 2001 to November 2005, of 467 consecutive patients aged >or= 60 years who underwent off-pump coronary surgery, 17 (3.6%) were converted to cardiopulmonary ...
Medved Igor - - 2008
The aim of this randomised, prospective study was to evaluate hospital mortality and morbidity after myocardial revascularisation, comparing on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) myocardial revascularisation versus off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) myocardial revascularisation in population with multivessels coronary artery disease. Sixty patients with multivessels coronary artery diseases were ...
Min Frank - - 2008
PURPOSE: To describe the elective use of an intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) in a patient with severe ischemic cardiomyopathy undergoing an abdominal perineal resection, and to review the perioperative use of IABPs for non-cardiac surgery.Clinical Features: Patient consent has been obtained in accordance with local institutional guidelines. A 51-yr-old man ...
Egan Jonathan R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Low cardiac output state is the principal cause of morbidity after surgical intervention for congenital heart disease. Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, apoptosis, capillary leak syndrome, and myocardial edema are associated factors. We established a clinically relevant model to examine relationships between myocardial ischemia, edema, and cardiac dysfunction and to assess ...
Chowdhury Ujjwal K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the release pattern of different cardiac biomarkers (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, cardiac troponin I, heart-type fatty acid-binding protein, creatine kinase-MB, and myoglobin) and to establish the diagnostic discrimination limits of each marker protein to evaluate perioperative myocardial injury in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with ...
Kurtoglu Murat - - 2008
Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting can not be performed without adequate stabilization and exposure techniques. Although most of the commercially available systems provide effective stabilization and exposure, their use were generally deemed time consuming and cumbersome. Achieving the same and even better results with simple traction sutures has led to ...
Song Suk-Won - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Clopidogrel has become standard treatment after urgent percutaneous coronary revascularization. Due to its enhanced and irreversible platelet inhibition, patients undergoing urgent surgical revascularization have a higher risk of bleeding complications and transfusions. Therefore, the effect of preoperative continuous administration of clopidogrel on the incidence of hemorrhagic complications in patients ...
Pepino Paolo - - 2008
A simple technique of left ventricular assistance, offering the advantages of both cardiopulmonary bypass and off-pump revascularization, was adopted for high-risk patients. It was used in 56 patients with critical left main stenosis and occluded right coronary artery, severely reduced ejection fraction and/or unstable angina. All patients underwent complete and ...
Casthely Pierre Abdon - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether intracoronary nicardipine can provide myocardial protection in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery. DESIGN: Clinical trial. SETTING: Single-institution, academic hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Off-pump coronary artery bypass patients with good ejection fraction. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were divided into 2 equal groups: group A received 1 mL (0.1 ...
Bahcivan Muzaffer - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Placement of an external support has been reported to prevent intimal hyperplasia of vein grafts. In this study, we investigated the effect of HA/CMC on intimal hyperplasia in a rabbit model. DESIGN: Right jugular vein to common carotid artery bypass grafting was performed in 24 female New Zealand white ...
Raja Shahzad G - - 2008
The expanding indications for angioplasty coupled with the successful short and mid-term results of randomized controlled trials of drug-eluting stents have already had an unquestionable impact on the practice of coronary revascularization operations. However, coronary artery bypass grafting remains a major mode of therapy for coronary artery disease. It is ...
Ekroth Rolf - - 2008
In this issue Ibrahim and co-authors report on technical hazards of off-pump (without heart lung machine) coronary surgery 1. Their findings are in line with meta-analyses of randomized trials which indicate that under-grafting and graft-failures are more common after off-pump than after standard operations. The risk that the objectives of ...
Tok Mustafa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if there are any advantages in using intracoronary shunts compared to shuntless operations, in the context of whether it has a protective role for the myocardia. METHODS: This prospective study, included 100 patients who underwent off-pump coronary bypass surgery at 2 different cardiovascular surgery departments, namely, the ...
Merello Lorenzo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although global postoperative mortality after on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting is approximately 3%, in some groups it can be considerably higher. Many conditions are known to increase mortality and have been included in well-known scoring systems; however, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction has not been sufficiently evaluated to identify its ...
Dorman Bruce H - - 2008
This study examined whether differential effects of 2 agents commonly used for hemostatic purposes during cardiac surgery, aprotinin and epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EACA), exist with respect to elevations in proinflammatory interleukins (ILs) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. Sixty patients were prospectively randomized to receive either ...
Miyahara Ken - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The mortality of conventional coronary artery bypass grafting after acute myocardial infarction remains high. This study compared the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing conventional and on-pump beating-heart coronary artery bypass grafting and evaluated the efficacy of an on-pump beating-heart technique for the surgical treatment of these critically ill patients. ...
Schöttler J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Minimized extracorporeal circulation is intended to reduce the negative effects associated with cardiopulmonary bypass. This prospective study was performed to evaluate whether minimized extracorporeal circulation has a clinical benefit for coronary artery surgery patients compared to standard extracorporeal circulation. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomized into two study groups: 30 ...
Mishra Yugal K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Patients undergoing reoperative coronary artery bypass have increased mortality and morbidity compared with those undergoing primary coronary bypass. The experience in applying off-pump techniques to coronary reoperations is limited. In this article we report a 10-year experience using various techniques of reoperative off-pump coronary bypass. METHODS: Between January 1996 ...
Joels Charles S - - 2008
It is generally accepted that failed infrainguinal bypass with prosthetic material significantly compromises arterial run off, which may limit future revascularization. It is well known that the negative consequences of early vein graft thrombosis are limited, but the effect of failed peripheral angioplasty on the distal vasculature is poorly studied. ...
Weiss Eric S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The optimal timing for coronary artery bypass grafting after acute myocardial infarction is not well established. The California Discharge Database facilitates the study of this issue by providing data from a large patient cohort free of institutional bias. We examine the timing of coronary artery bypass grafting after acute ...
Karimi A - - 2008
AIM: The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is commonly used for decreasing myocardial oxygen demand by systolic unloading in perioperative heart failure. The aim of this study was to determine perioperative prognostic factors for in-hospital mortality in coronary artery bypass grafting patients who received the intraaortic balloon pump. METHODS: A total ...
Ketenci Bulend - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To achieve better outcomes, the degree of myocardial injury due to off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) must be reduced. We studied the factors that render patients scheduled for OPCAB vulnerable to myocardial injury, using troponin T (cTnT) as a marker of myocardial injury. METHODS: We prospectively investigated 123 ...
Kon Zachary N - - 2008
Accumulating evidence suggests that a hypercoagulable state influences early graft failure after off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB). We hypothesized that regional myocardial ischemia caused by obligatory periods of coronary occlusion during OPCAB is an important trigger for this prothrombotic state. Using a series of biomarkers, 60 consecutive patients undergoing OPCAB ...
Singh Mandeep - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Current risk models predict in-hospital mortality after either coronary artery bypass graft surgery or percutaneous coronary interventions separately, yet the overlap suggests that the same variables can define the risks of alternative coronary reperfusion therapies. Our goal was to seek a preprocedure risk model that can predict in-hospital mortality ...
Aronow Wilbert S - - 2008
This article describes the past medical history of a 76-year-old cardiologist, the symptoms which led him to have a stress echocardiogram, the results of his coronary angiography, his experience undergoing quadruple coronary artery bypass surgery, his recovery at home, his readmission and hospitalization for a massive left pleural effusion and ...
Palmer George J - - 2008
Anticoagulation with unfractionated heparin has been the standard of care for more than a half-century for patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The risk of heparin-induced adverse reactions dictates the need for a safe and effective alternative, particularly in off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery, an approach associated with a perioperative prothrombotic ...
Nyawo Brian - - 2008
Reoperative cardiac surgery is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality due to technical problems at sternal reentry, which can result in laceration of the right ventricle, innominate vein injury, or embolization from patent grafts. To minimize the risk associated with reentry, we adopted the method of assisted venous drainage in ...
Bogers Ad J J C - - 2008
In adults with congenital heart disease coronary arterial anatomy, normal as well as anomalous, may have implications in surgical reconstruction of an underlying cardiac structure. In addition to the diagnostic imaging, necessary in surgery for adult congenital heart disease, additional information with regard to the spatial relation between the relevant ...
Cekirdekci Ahmet - - 2008
We evaluated the surgical results of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) performed within the first 12 h of infarction in patients with acute myocardial infarction. From January 2005 to January 2007, emergency coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass was performed in 56 patients with acute coronary syndromes. The ...
Masoumi Masoumali - - 2008
Between August 2004 and May 2006, 124 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with ejection fractions <or= 35% were randomly assigned to off-pump or conventional procedures. Preoperative characteristics were the same in both groups, except for age and degree of mitral regurgitation. Off-pump coronary artery grafting was carried out using ...
Kristeller Judith L - - 2008
Aprotinin is a serine protease inhibitor with antithrombotic, antifibrinolytic, and antiinflammatory effects. It is effective in reducing bleeding and the need for blood transfusions after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Additional benefits, such as cerebral protection, are hypothesized but not yet thoroughly substantiated. The safety of aprotinin has been questioned ...
Hueb Whady - - 2008
The MASS III Trial is a large project from a single institution, The Heart Institute of the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil (InCor), enrolling patients with coronary artery disease and preserved ventricular function. The aim of the MASS III Trial is to compare medical effectiveness, cerebral injury, quality of life, ...
Zhao Bai-Qin - - 2008
When open-heart operations are necessary in patients who have undergone pneumonectomy, the unavoidable shift of mediastinal structures should be carefully considered. Surgical access, revascularization procedures, and the institution of cardiopulmonary bypass can all require approaches that differ from the usual. In particular, no general recommendations exist regarding the management of ...
Lavie Carl J - - 2008
We review data from epidemiologic and population-based studies that demonstrate the impact of abnormal left ventricular geometric patterns, including both concentric remodeling and left ventricular hypertrophy, on major cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We also review studies from Ochsner Clinic Foundation that assessed the impact of various left ventricular geometric patterns ...
Marzban Mehrab - - 2008
Our goal was to investigate the safety of single- and double-vessel coronary endarterectomy as an adjunct to coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with diffuse coronary disease. In reviewing the records of 9,443 patients who underwent isolated coronary artery revascularization over a 4-year period, we found 310 patients (3.28%) who ...
Roshanali Farideh - - 2008
Decreased right ventricular function after coronary artery bypass grafting is a common and well-known (if not well-understood) phenomenon.We prospectively evaluated right ventricular function via echocardiographic tricuspid annular motion, tricuspid annular velocity, and right ventricular strain analysis before and after coronary artery bypass grafting. We also evaluated the effect of right ...
Kon Zachary N - - 2008
Less-invasive options are available for surgical treatment of multivessel coronary artery disease. We hypothesized that stenting combined with grafting of the left anterior descending artery with the left internal thoracic artery through a minithoracotomy (hybrid procedure) would provide the best outcome. Patients with equivalent numbers of coronary lesions (2.8 +/- ...
Horai Tetsuya - - 2008
End stage renal disease is a risk factor for mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting. We conducted a retrospective review of 37 consecutive dialysis-dependent patients who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting between April 2001 and July 2004. Complete revascularization was successfully performed in all patients. The mean number of ...
Al-Mallah Mouaz - - 2008
A 34-year-old man with a prior history of Hodgkin's disease and coronary artery bypass surgery for radiation-induced left main disease presented with persistent chest pain. Cardiac catheterization showed near simultaneous filling of the venous system during arterial injection and could not precisely delineate the insertion point of the vein graft ...
Capuano Fabio - - 2007
Perioperative myocardial infarction remains a frequent complication after coronary artery bypass grafting, and is associated with a poor prognosis. This retrospective study compared cardiac troponin I concentrations after on-pump bypass grafting in 2 groups of patients: 100 operated on using a single-clamp technique to perform anastomoses, and 80 operated on ...
Imenes Kristin - - 2007
In coronary artery bypass grafting there is a risk of graft occlusion which may result in myocardial infarction. A three-axis acceleration sensor may give additional information about heart function during surgery and the first postoperative days. This paper describes the assembly and packaging of a three-axis micro acceleration sensor for ...
Rainio A - - 2007
AIM: In order to investigate the neuroprotective efficacy of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) over conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (CCAB), we have performed a prospective randomized study evaluating retinal circulation changes after OPCAB and CCAB. METHODS: Twenty patients were randomized to OPCAB or CCAB. Retinal fluorescein angiography ...
Velazquez Eric J - - 2007
The rationale and design of the Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure trial is described. Before the Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure trial, less than 1000 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy had been studied in randomized comparisons of medical therapy versus coronary artery bypass grafting. Trial data reflect how these ...
Iriz A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the differences between pre- and post-operative hearing thresholds, measured by high frequency audiometry, in patients undergoing open heart surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pre- and post-operative audiometric assessments were performed in 20 patients undergoing open heart surgery. Pure tone audiometry testing was ...
Al-Attar Nawwar - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the era of percutaneous coronary intervention, surgeons are confronted with performing coronary artery bypass graft surgery on patients with previous balloon dilatation or stenting. This review evaluates the impact of previous percutaneous coronary intervention on patient survival and choice of optimal myocardial revascularization technique. RECENT FINDINGS: ...
Landoni G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A prospective observational study was carried out in a Cardiosurgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in order to evaluate the incidence of Acute Renal Failure (ARF) after coronary artery bypass graft surgery and identify its predictors. The effects of ARF on outcome were also investigated. METHODS: The study enrolled 3,013 ...
Stenseth R - - 2007
During cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), hypoperfusion and reperfusion may cause oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation that generates ethane. The aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility of frequent sampling of exhaled ethane during cardiac surgery. After approval of the Research Ethics Committee, 10 patients undergoing combined aortic valve ...
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