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López-Alvarez Jordi - - 2011
A 12-week-old male Golden Retriever was presented with signs of right-sided congestive heart failure and a grade V/VI left craniosternal systolic murmur. Echocardiography identified a double-chambered right ventricle and dilated coronary sinus (CS) running into an inter-atrial chamber. This was confirmed to be an imperforate cor triatriatum dexter (CTD) by ...
Kwofie Michael A - - 2011
T-wave alternans (TWA) has been investigated as a marker for susceptibility to lethal ventricular arrhythmia. In this article, we studied intracardiac TWA and ischemia as predictors of spontaneous ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF) in a canine model of coronary artery occlusion (CAO). Anesthetized, open-chest dogs were studied. Electrograms ...
Matyal Robina - - 2011
Assessment of diastolic function should be a component of a comprehensive perioperative transesophageal echocardiographic examination. Abnormal diastolic function exists in >50% of patients presenting for cardiac and high-risk noncardiac surgery, and has been shown to be an independent predictor of adverse postoperative outcome. Normalcy of systolic function in 50% of ...
Borlaug Barry A - - 2011
Nearly half of all patients who have heart failure have preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Patients who have HFpEF tend to be older, female, and hypertensive, and characteristically display increased ventricular and arterial stiffening. In this article, we discuss the pathophysiology of abnormal ventriculoarterial stiffening and how it affects ventricular function, ...
Wakili Reza - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an extremely common cardiac rhythm disorder that causes substantial morbidity and contributes to mortality. The mechanisms underlying AF are complex, involving both increased spontaneous ectopic firing of atrial cells and impulse reentry through atrial tissue. Over the past ten years, there has been enormous progress in ...
Fujita Shuhei - - 2011
This report describes a 2-year-old girl with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) who presented with transient complete atrioventricular (AV) block after a mild chest blow. Running around the house with her older sister, she fell to the floor. Her sister also fell and landed on her. The ...
Yarbrough William M WM Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, - - 2012
Aortic valve stenosis is a common cause of left ventricular pressure overload, a pathologic process that elicits myocyte hypertrophy and alterations in extracellular matrix composition, both of which contribute to increases in left ventricular stiffness. However, clinical and animal studies suggest that increased myocardial extracellular matrix fibrillar collagen content occurs ...
Zastrow Arne - - 2011
We report on a patient suffering from chronic anorexia nervosa who in the course of treatment showed elevated high-sensitive troponin T, creatine kinase and most markedly N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). Elevated enzymes improved significantly throughout the course of treatment without cardiac specific medication but exceeded the normal range for ...
Delgado Gabriel A - - 2011
The precise cause of takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) remains controversial. Plaque rupture with transient thrombotic occlusion of a transapical left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) has been advanced as a potential mechanism. To explore this hypothesis, the investigators analyzed data from 11 patients prospectively enrolled in the Rhode Island Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy ...
Merabet Yasmina - - 2011
Gated radionuclide ventriculography (RNV), combined with inter- and intraventricular dyssynchrony measurement by phase analysis, is able to evidence right and left ventricular mechanical cardiac disorders and may contribute to the diagnosis of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD). Nevertheless, the patients referred for suspicion of ARVD on the basis of symptoms, ...
Summers Matthew R - - 2011
Aims Coronary endothelial dysfunction (ED), by predisposing to abnormal vasomotion, may cause chest pain in individuals with non-obstructed coronary arteries. The aim of this study was to correlate the magnitude of coronary ED with the presence and extent of inducible myocardial ischaemia using body surface electrocardiogram (ECG) mapping in symptomatic ...
Tsutsumi Takeshi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Ventricular late potentials (VLPs) have been known to be a predictor of lethal ventricular arrhythmias (L-VAs); however, detection of other arrhythmogenic signals within the QRS complex remains obscure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether abnormal intra-QRS high frequency powers (IQHFP) within the QRS complex become ...
Youn Young-Nam - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (DD) causes adverse outcomes after cardiac surgery; however, the effects of DD during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) are not well understood. We aimed to assess the influence of DD on early mortality and morbidity of patients undergoing OPCAB. METHODS: This prospective observational study ...
Patel Sandeep M - - 2011
Understanding the precise distribution of the regional wall motion abnormality (RWMA) in apical ballooning syndrome (ABS) is important because the cardiomyopathy can mimic an acute anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The aim of the study was to quantify the severity and distribution of RWMA in ABS, compare it to anterior ...
Borges-Cancel William - - 2011
Left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) is a rare disorder characterized by a thick myocardial wall with two distinct layers consisting of compacted and noncompacted myocardium. The major clinical manifestations of LVNC have been described as heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, and cardioembolic events. In this report we present a case of ...
Owen Mallory - - 2011
Newborns with complex congenital heart defects are at high risk for developing neurological abnormalities. It is important to understand the timing, progression, and extent of these abnormalities to better elucidate their potential impact on neurodevelopment, and their implications for early screening and intervention. This review synthesizes the recent literature describing ...
Shim Chi Young - - 2011
Vascular stiffening of the large arteries is a common feature of human aging. Increased aortic stiffness with age may contribute to pathological changes in the left ventricle and this can induce ventricular stiffening. Vascular-ventricular stiffening combined with abnormal arterial-cardiac interaction is considered an important pathophysiology of heart failure with a ...
Daniele Stefania - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We assessed the prognostic value of coronary flow reserve (CFR) estimated by single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in patients with suspected myocardial ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Myocardial perfusion and CFR were assessed in 106 patients using dipyridamole/rest Tc-99m sestamibi SPECT and follow-up was obtained in 103 (97%) patients. Four ...
Weiner Rory B - - 2011
Background The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) recently published revised criteria for ECG interpretation in the athlete. Objective To examine the performance of the 2010 ESC ECG criteria in a population of athletes undergoing preparticipation cardiovascular disease screening. Methods University athletes (n=508) underwent routine medical history/physical examination and ECG before ...
Aletras Anthony H - - 2011
In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), myocardial abnormalities are commonly heterogeneous. Two patterns of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) have been reported: a bright "confluent" and an intermediate intensity abnormality termed "diffuse," each representing different degrees of myocardial scarring. We used MRI to study the relation between intramural cardiac function and the extent ...
Ahn Byung-Hoon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There has been no systematic study that carefully investigates the characteristic features of abnormal cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) response associated with the AICA territory infarction. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the frequency, the characteristic patterns of abnormal cVEMP associated with AICA territory infarction, and the crucial site for producing abnormal ...
Mondillo S - - 2011
A 41-year-old male asymptomatic athlete with unremarkable personal and family history of heart disease underwent annual preparticipation screening. No abnormalities were noted on prior testing. On this occasion, a 12-lead electrocardiogram showed diffused and marked repolarization abnormalities. He was therefore referred for echocardiography, which showed moderate asymmetric hypertrophy localized at ...
Psarras Stelios - - 2011
Aims Desmin, the muscle-specific intermediate filament protein, is a major target in dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure in humans and mice. The hallmarks of desmin-deficient (des(-/-)) mice pathology include pronounced myocardial degeneration, extended fibrosis, and osteopontin (OPN) overexpression. We sought to identify the molecular and cellular events regulating adverse cardiac ...
Silbiger Jeffrey J - - 2011
Discrete subaortic stenosis (DSS) is characterized by the presence of an obstructing membrane in the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT). Evidence suggests that the formation of DSS represents a fibroproliferative reaction of the endocardium occurring in response to alterations in shear stress caused by geometric abnormalities within the LVOT. The ...
Jacob M J - - 2011
Exercise ECG (TMT) is one of the very common investigations being used in the periodic medical examination of high risk professionals like airline pilots and executives. We have done a retrospective analysis of 152 asymptomatic persons who reported for myocardial perfusion imaging after being found to have positive TMT in ...
Wen Qiang - - 2011
The present study investigated the actions of des-aspartate-angiotensin I (DAA-I) on infarct size and three early inflammatory events in acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. The rationale was based on earlier findings showing that chronic daily administration of DAA-I attenuated infarct size of ischemic reperfused rat heart, and cardiac hypertrophy ...
Liu Tong - - 2011
The long QT syndrome is an inherited arrhythmogenic disease characterized by prolongation of QT interval, syncope, and sudden cardiac death because of ventricular tachycardia, mainly in the form of Torsades de Pointes. We present an unusual case of prolonged QT interval and cardiac arrest caused by Torsades de Pointes in ...
Ishizu Tomoko - - 2011
The early diagnosis of myocardial ischemia is still challenging. The aim of the present study was to determine whether subendocardial hypokinesis and post-systolic contraction could be early markers of myocardial ischemia. Thirty-one consecutive patients with flow-limiting severe coronary stenosis but without visually abnormal left ventricular wall motion underwent quantitative echocardiography. ...
Luckie Matthew - - 2011
Systolic obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract, either at rest or during provocation, is a frequent finding in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Mid-cavity obstruction is uncommon, and intraventricular diastolic pressure gradients in association with either mid-cavity of apical hypertrophy are reported only rarely. We describe a patient with hypertrophic ...
Yaegashi Takanori - - 2011
A 70-year-old man with a history of food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) since age 50 was admitted to the emergency department with chest pain and urticaria caused by FDEIA. Coronary angiography revealed total occlusion of the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery. After thrombus aspiration, a bare metal stent was placed ...
Sardar Muhammad Rizwan - - 2011
First described in Japan, takotsubo cardiomyopathy is increasingly becoming recognized worldwide as a cause of sudden and reversible diminished left ventricular function characterized by left apical ballooning and hyperkinesis of the basal segments, often with symptoms mimicking a myocardial infarction. Associated with physical or emotional stress, its exact pathogenesis has ...
Richard Christian - - 2011
Stress-related cardiomyopathies can be observed in the four following situations: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy or apical ballooning syndrome; acute left ventricular dysfunction associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage; acute left ventricular dysfunction associated with pheochromocytoma and exogenous catecholamine administration; acute left ventricular dysfunction in the critically ill. Cardiac toxicity was mediated more by catecholamines ...
Aziz Emad F - - 2011
Hyperkalemia affects the myocardial tissue producing electrocardiographic abnormalities, such as prolongation of the P-R interval, tall peaked T waves, a reduction in the amplitude and an increase in the duration of P wave, and atrial and ventricular arrhythmias, including variable degree heart blocks. Elderly patients are particularly predisposed to developing ...
Zuern Christine S - - 2011
Heart rate turbulence (HRT) is the baroreflex-mediated short-term oscillation of cardiac cycle lengths after spontaneous ventricular premature complexes. HRT is composed of a brief heart rate acceleration followed by a gradual heart rate deceleration. In high risk patients after myocardial infarction (MI) HRT is blunted or diminished. Since its first ...
Oyama-Manabe Noriko N Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hokkaido University Hospital, kita-ku, Sapporo, - - 2011
Non-coronary incidental findings are not rare. Kirsch et al found 67% non-coronary abnormalities with coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). Radiologists are expected to identify the extracoronary, intra- and para-cardiac anatomical structures and distinguish them from pathologic processes in CCTA. We have reviewed 2000 CCTA studies done at our institution with ...
Cadeddu Christian C Department of Cardiovascular and Neurological Sciences, University Hospital of Cagliari, Strada Statale 554, Km 4.500, Monserrato, 09042 Cagliari, - - 2011
A 48-year-old woman was scheduled by our lab to perform a standard dobutamine/atropine stress echocardiogram. During the test, the patient referred to a slight chest discomfort and developed a progressive left ventricle akinesia of all midbasal LV segments, thus mimicking a midbasal ballooning. ECG persisted without significant abnormalities and with ...
Sidek Khairul Azami KA Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, PO Box 10, 50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. - - 2011
This paper presents a person identification mechanism in irregular cardiac conditions using ECG signals. A total of 30 subjects were used in the study from three different public ECG databases containing various abnormal heart conditions from the Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation Predicition Challenge database (AFPDB), MIT-BIH Supraventricular Arrthymia database (SVDB) and ...
Martis Roshan J RJ Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India. - - 2011
Electrocardiogram (ECG) is the P-QRS-T wave which indicates the electrical activity of the heart. The subtle changes in the amplitude and duration of the ECG signal depict the cardiac abnormality. It is very difficult to decipher these minute changes by the naked eye. Hence, a computer-aided diagnosis system will help ...
Guha Pradipta P Department of Cardiology, G.B.Pant Hospital, New - - 2011
Lung malignancy invading the left atrium is rarely seen. We present a patient with a fast growing symptomatic lung mass. Electrocardiogram showed persistent coving ST elevation with no biomarker change. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a large left atrial mass attached to the free walls and extended into its appendage. An apparent ...
Feldman James A - - 2011
Misclassification of the electrocardiogram (ECG) contributes to treatment errors in patients with acute coronary syndrome. We hypothesized that cardiology ECG review could reduce these errors. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of real-time cardiology ECG review in patients evaluated for acute coronary syndrome. A prospective observational ...
Wiisanen Matthew E ME Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Gill Heart Institute, University of Kentucky, 900 South Limestone Street, Lexington, KY 40536-0200, - - 2010
We sought to review the published data and perform a meta-analysis to reach robust conclusions in the comparison between bare-metal stents (BMS) and drug-eluting stents (DES) in saphenous vein graft (SVG) percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). Drug-eluting stents are superior to BMS in reducing major adverse cardiac events (MACE) after PCI ...
Giusca Sorin - - 2011
We aimed to assess the clinical role of a basic handheld echocardiographic device (HHE) used during cardiology training in evaluating different functional and morphological elements of the heart. 56 consecutive patients (pts), 26 women, mean age 60.0 ± 11.9 years admitted in our Cardiology Department had an echocardiogram performed by ...
Ogata Nobuhiko - - 2011
Radiocontrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is one of the most serious complications of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). The prevention of PCI-related CIN for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients has not been established yet. The intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is commonly used as an imaging device during PCI. We performed IVUS-guided PCI while only ...
Díaz José F - - 2010
Each year the Spanish Society of Cardiology Working Group on Cardiac Catheterization and Interventional Cardiology reports on the data collected by the national registry of procedures performed. This report covers 2009. It contains information on the implementation of interventional cardiology across Spain and enables comparisons to be made with other ...
Marek Grzegorz - - 2010
Using scanning electron microscopy we analyzed thrombotic material removed from coronary bypass grafts in a 57-year-old woman with multilevel atherosclerosis presenting with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). A white thrombotic material removed from the marginal branch bypass that contained large amounts of activated platelets displaying pseudopodia clearly visible at a higher ...
Duffy Jodie Y JY Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, - - 2011
Fetal cardiac surgery might improve the prognosis of certain complex congenital heart defects that have significant associated mortality and morbidity in utero or after birth. An important step in translating fetal cardiac surgery is identifying potential mechanisms leading to myocardial dysfunction after bypass. The hypothesis was that fetal cardiac bypass ...
Hong D M - - 2010
In several recent clinical trials on cardiac surgery patients, remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC) showed a powerful myocardial protective effect. However the effect of RIPC has not been studied in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery. We evaluated whether RIPC could induce myocardial protection in off-pump coronary artery bypass ...
Genereux Philippe - - 2010
Chronic total occlusion (CTO) represents one of the most challenging lesion subsets faced by the interventional cardiologist. CTO is a common problem, being present in more than 30% of patients undergoing coronary angiography. Over the past 10 years, the success rate of recanalization has increased from approximately 50-85%. Developments in ...
Schulmeyer Cabrera C Fach Hospital, Universidad de Valparaíso, Santiago, Chile. - - 2010
Severe and refractory hypotension is an infrequent perioperative situation during non-cardiac surgery, but determining its etiology is essential for successful management and therapy. Adults undergoing non-cardiac surgery were prospectively enrolled in this study. Severe hypotension was defined as a drop from 30% of baseline systolic arterial pressure unresponsive to adequate ...
Maudens G G Dienst Cardiologie, Universitair Ziekenhuis Gent, Gent, Belgium. - - 2010
Hypothyroidism is a rare metabolic cause of dilated cardiomyopathy that responds to substitution therapy. We report on a young woman who presented with torsades de pointes, severe heart failure and multiple organ failure due to longstanding untreated hypothyroidism. Administration of appropriate substitution therapy was followed by a cessation of ventricular ...
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