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Results 501 - 550 of 2847
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Breithardt Günter - - 2012
Left bundle branch block (LBBB) is generally associated with a poorer prognosis in comparison to normal intraventricular conduction, but also in comparison to right bundle branch block which is generally considered to be benign in the absence of an underlying cardiac disorder like congenital heart disease. LBBB may be the ...
Ratterree William - - 2012
The dose-limiting toxicity of doxorubicin is cardiotoxicosis. The authors of this report hypothesized that by using their institution's adopted guidelines (that involve prescreening echocardiography and electrocardiography), they would detect pre-existing cardiac abnormalities that preclude doxorubicin administration in <10% of dogs. Of 101 dogs, only 6 were excluded from doxorubicin administration ...
Swope David - - 2012
Arrhythmic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a hereditary heart muscle disease that causes sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young people. Almost half of ARVC patients have a mutation in genes encoding cell adhesion proteins of the desmosome, including plakoglobin (JUP). We previously reported that cardiac tissue-specific plakoglobin (PG) knockout (PG ...
Wilson Ryan E - - 2012
The intentional consumption and use of stimulants, such as caffeine, are known to have numerous interactions with the human cardiovascular system. Ex vivo studies have shown caffeine-induced vasoconstriction of coronary arteries (Forman et al. in Ann Emerg Med 29:178-180, 1997). We report on a case of a 17-year-old male who ...
Peters Ferande - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Isolated left ventricular noncompaction (ILVNC) is a cardiomyopathy caused by intrauterine failure of the myocardium to compact. Common clinical complications are heart failure, arrhythmias and cardioembolism. A paucity of data exists relating to clinical and echocardiographic features of ILVNC in Africans. METHODS AND RESULTS: -This study is a single-center, ...
Hickey Edward J - - 2012
"Hypoplastic left heart syndrome" is an unsatisfactory term describing lethal underdevelopment of the left ventricle (LV). It represents the more severe end of a spectrum of LV hypoplasia, mandating single-ventricle palliation or cardiac transplantation. Less severe "borderline" ventricular hypoplasia may instead allow various biventricular therapeutic strategies and better long-term outcomes. ...
Sels Jan-Willem E M - - 2012
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory condition and increased blood levels of inflammatory biomarkers have been observed in acute coronary syndromes. In addition, high expression of inflammatory markers is associated with worse prognosis of coronary artery disease. The presence and extent of inducible ischemia in patients with stable angina has previously been ...
Pasdois Philippe - - 2012
The mechanisms by which ischemic preconditioning (IP) inhibits mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening and, hence, ischemia-reperfusion injury remain unclear. Here we investigate whether and how mitochondria-bound hexokinase 2 (mtHK2) may exert part of the cardioprotective effects of IP. Control and IP Langendorff-perfused rat hearts were subject to ischemia and reperfusion ...
Watanabe Ichiro - - 2012
Catheter ablation of persistent/long-persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) has been shown to be less effective by pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and additional left atrial (LA) complex fractionated atrial electrograms and long linear lesions are often required. Recent reports have demonstrated right atrial (RA) ablation increases the success rate of maintaining sinus ...
Bernardi Mauro - - 2012
The ECG QT interval measures the length of ventricular systole. Its prolongation is essentially caused by a delayed repolarization phase, and is associated with an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death in several congenital and acquired conditions. Abnormalities in cardiac electrophysiology are well documented in patients with liver ...
Sharma Ashish Kumar - - 2012
The present study investigated the effect of garlic (Allium sativum Linn.) aqueous extracts on ischemic preconditioning and ischemia-reperfusion induced cardiac injury, as well as adenosine involvement in ischemic preconditioning and garlic extract induced cardioprotection. A model of ischemia-reperfusion injury was established using Langendorff apparatus. Aqueous extract of garlic dose was ...
Voigt Niels - - 2012
During the last decades Ca(2+) has been found to play a crucial role in cardiac arrhythmias associated with heart failure and a number of congenital arrhythmia syndromes. Recent studies demonstrated that altered atrial Ca(2+) cycling may promote the initiation and maintenance of atrial fibrillation, the most common clinical arrhythmia that ...
Amici Serena - - 2012
The anatomy and supply of thalamic arteries are briefly described here. Thalamic infarcts and small-size hemorrhages are classified according to their sites: (1) posterolateral, (2) anterolateral, (3) medial, and (4) dorsal. (1) Posterolateral hemorrhages or lateral thalamic infarcts are usually characterized by severe motor impairment and sensory loss. Transient reduced ...
Agrawal Jyoti - - 2012
Perinatal asphyxia leading to hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a common problem causing multi organ dysfunction including myocardial involvement which can affect the outcome. To evaluate the myocardial dysfunction in neonates having HIE by electrocardiographic(ECG) and cardiac enzymes (CK Total, CK-MB and Troponin I) and find out the relationship with HIE ...
Hueper Katja - - 2012
To quantify resting myocardial blood flow (MBF) in the left ventricular (LV) wall of HCM patients and to determine the relationship to important parameters of disease: LV wall thickness, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), T2-signal abnormalities (dark and bright signal), LV outflow tract obstruction and age. Seventy patients with proven HCM ...
Grecian Robert - - 2012
A 73-year-old gentleman presented to the hospital after an episode of loss of consciousness. He had a defibrillator in situ, which on interrogation was found to have fired for an episode of ventricular fibrillation. As an inpatient he developed frequent episodes of self-terminating ventricular tachycardia, treated initially with oral amiodarone. ...
Park Eugene - - 2012
We present the case of a 44 year-old man referred for coronary angiography with a history of coronary artery disease. Following administration of intra-coronary adenosine for fractional flow reserve (FFR) assessment, the patient developed atrial fibrillation (AF). While well described during non-invasive stress testing, this is the first description in ...
Hermans Mieke C E - - 2012
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (MD1) is a neuromuscular disorder with potential involvement of the heart and increased risk of sudden death. Considering the importance of cardiomyopathy as a predictor of prognosis, we aimed to systematically evaluate and describe structural and functional cardiac alterations in patients with MD1. Eighty MD1 patients ...
Yoon Ji Hyun - - 2012
Hyperkalemia is a common adverse effect of treatment for heart failure and is associated with high mortality and morbidity. The cardiac manifestations of hyperkalemia include various electrocardiogram changes. We describe a case of a 74-year-old woman with heart failure and permanent atrial fibrillation who reverted to normal sinus rhythm during ...
Pérez-Riera Andrés Ricardo - - 2012
In the great majority of cases the ECG pattern of early repolarization (ERP) is a benign phenomenon observed predominantly in teenagers, young adults, male athletes and the black race. The universally accepted criterion for its diagnosis is the presence, in at least two adjoining leads, of ≥ 1 mm or ...
Dwivedi Amit N D AN Deptartment of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2012
Congenital left ventricular diverticulum is a rare cardiac malformation characterized by a localized out-pouching from the cardiac chamber. They are most often found in the left ventricle (LV) but have been reported to occur in all chambers of the heart. The patient is usually asymptomatic. However, complications like embolism, infective ...
Khan Nadeem - - 2012
We report the case of a patient who had chronic anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy that was reversed after treatment with a left ventricular assist device. A 29-year-old woman had undergone anthracycline-based chemotherapy as a teenager in 1991 and 1992 and received a diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy 10 years later. Optimal medical therapy ...
Naderi Nasim - - 2012
Pheochromocytoma is a rare, catecholamine-secreting tumor of neuroendocrine cells. It has been documented to present atypically as myocardial ischemia, arrhythmias, or congestive heart failure. We present the case of a patient who had transient cardiomyopathy with hypokinesia of the basal portions of the left ventricle and hyperkinesia of the apex ...
Krishnan Eswar - - 2012
To test the hypothesis that gouty arthritis (gout) is a risk factor for incidence of heart failure and for echocardiographic measures signifying subclinical heart failure. Post-hoc, longitudinal and cross-sectional analyses of a prospective cohort study where data were collected in 4-year intervals since 1971. The population-based Framingham Offspring Study. 4989 ...
Goette Andreas - - 2012
Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) often present with typical angina pectoris and mildly elevated levels of cardiac troponin (non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) during an acute episode of AF. However, in a large proportion of these patients, significant coronary artery disease is excluded by coronary angiography, which suggests that AF itself ...
Zeng Min - - 2012
No-reflow phenomenon is a risk factor which severely compromises the benefits of coronary revascularization in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Inflammatory response, as an essential component of cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, has been suggested to contribute to the myocardial no-reflow. Since nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) is a key mediator ...
Opthof Tobias - - 2012
Abnormal ventricular wall motion is a strong clinical predictor of sudden, arrhythmic, cardiac death. Dispersion in repolarization is a prerequisite for the initiation of re-entrant arrhythmia. We hypothesize that regionally decreased wall motion is associated with heterogeneity of repolarization. We measured local activation times, activation-recovery intervals (ARIs, surrogate for action ...
Cheung Alice - - 2012
Phase analysis has been developed and validated to measure left-ventricular dyssynchrony from gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging. The purpose of this study is to evaluate its performance in regions with perfusion defects. A special version of the eXtended CArdiac Torso digital phantom was developed to track B-spline points in each ...
Eggers Kai M - - 2011
AIMS:: The increasing importance of cardiac disease has generated an interest in improved screening strategies regarding preclinical cardiac abnormalities and employing measurement of circulating biomarkers. This review focuses on the utility of the B-type natriuretic peptides (NP) and the cardiac troponins (cTns) for this purpose. RESULTS:: Both the NPs and ...
Kaimoto Satoshi - - 2011
Myocardial perfusion abnormality in the left ventricle is known to be prognostic in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Magnetic resonance imaging and necropsy studies on HCM hearts revealed myocardial lesions predominating in the area of ventricular septum-free wall junction. We assessed perfusion abnormality in this area and correlated it with ...
Soine Laurie A - - 2012
Abstract  Purpose: Explore the extent to which stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) studies for coronary heart disease detection met published appropriate use criteria (AUC), and the association between AUC classification and image findings. Data sources: Retrospective, descriptive review of stress studies performed at the University of Washington Medical Center (UWMC ...
Furushima Hiroshi - - 2011
AimThe aim of this study was to determine whether or not the coexistence of sustained ST-segment elevation and abnormal Q waves (STe-Q) could be a risk factor for electrical storm (ES) in implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients with structural heart diseases.Methods and resultsIn all, 156 consecutive patients received ICD therapy ...
Vanderheyden Marc - - 2011
To date, cardiac resynchronization therapy remains the only treatment that enhances systolic function while improving long-term outcome and survival. Dyssynchronous heart failure is characterized by profound global as well as regional cellular and molecular changes, many of which are not observed in synchronous heart failure. The beneficial effects of CRT ...
Gopalan D - - 2011
Right ventricular function plays an integral role in the pathogenesis and outcome of many cardiovascular diseases. Imaging the right ventricle has long been a challenge because of its complex geometry. In recent years there has been a tremendous expansion in multidetector row CT (MDCT) and its cardiac applications. By judicious ...
Edwin Frank - - 2012
Double-outlet right atrium (DORA) is characterized by simultaneous right atrial emptying into both ventricles. Ventriculoatrial septal malalignment is the cardinal morphological feature. Three cases are presented to depict two major types of DORA-DORA with a malaligned atrial septum and DORA with a malaligned ventricular septum. We describe two subtypes of ...
Baum Jennifer R - - 2012
Following myocardial infarction (MI) inflammatory responses transform cardiac fibroblasts to myofibroblasts, which in vitro studies show form heterocellular gap junctions with cardiac myocytes via Connexin43 (Cx43). The ability to form heterocellular junctions in the intact heart and the impact of these junctions on propagation is unclear. We used a canine ...
Kheradvar Arash - - 2012
Previous experimental models have related transmitral vortex formation to the longitudinal recoil of left ventricle. However, little is known about the relationships among left ventricular (LV) longitudinal relaxation, transmitral filling patterns, and LV vortex formation in clinical settings. The aim of this study was to compare the vortex formation time ...
Yajima Toshitaka T Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. - - 2011
Suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS3) is a key negative-feedback regulator of the gp130 receptor that provides crucial signaling for cardiac hypertrophy and survival; however, an in vivo role of SOCS3 regulation on cardiac gp130 signaling remains obscure. We generated cardiac-specific SOCS3 knockout (SOCS3 cKO) mice. These mice showed increased activation ...
Patel Dharmendrakumar A - - 2011
Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH) is a known independent determinant of left atrial (LA) size; however, there is controversy regarding whether the LV geometric patterns are associated with LA enlargement (LAE), a major indicator of diastolic heart failure. The authors evaluated 47,865 patients with preserved ejection fraction to determine the ...
Wenhua Du - - 2011
We sought to evaluate the significance of Doppler tissue energy (DTE) and stressed echocardiography for diagnosing myocardial contusion (MC) in canines. Ten adult healthy dogs were anesthetized (3% pentobarbital sodium/i.v.) and impacted by BIM-II biological impact machine to induce MC. Conventional and stressed echocardiographies were used for segmental abnormal ventricular ...
Detterich Jon J Division of Cardiology, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2012
Iron cardiomyopathy is a leading cause of death in transfusion-dependent thalassemia major (TM) patients and MRI (T2*) can recognize preclinical cardiac iron overload, but, is unavailable to many centers. We evaluated the ability of 12-lead electrocardiography to predict cardiac iron loading in TM. 12-lead electrocardiogram and cardiac T2* measurements were ...
Oshima Fumiko - - 2011
Dysphagia after lateral medullary infarction (LMI) is common. The dysphagia of LMI is dynamically characterized by a failure in triggering of the pharyngeal-phase swallowing movements, reduced output, and lack of coordination (swallowing pattern abnormality). Based on accurate evaluation, we can select suitable rehabilitative approaches for individual patients, including respiratory therapy, ...
Van Hee Victor C VC Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA. - - 2011
Short-term exposure to air pollution may affect ventricular repolarization, but there is limited information on how long-term exposures might affect the surface ventricular electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities associated with cardiovascular events. We carried out a study to determine whether long-term air pollution exposure is associated with abnormalities of ventricular repolarization and ...
Krishnan Eswar - - 2012
Few studies have investigated the association between hyperuricemia and subclinical myocardial dysfunction. The authors analyzed the relationship between serum uric acid and subclinical markers of heart failure in participants in the Framingham Offspring Cohort (N=2169, mean age 57.3 years, 55.4% women). Cardiac dysfunction was assessed through echocardiographic measurements of left ventricular ...
Hofmann U - - 2011
The case presented here is intended to raise awareness of two uncommon coronary angiographic findings in the clinical context of acute coronary syndrome. The prevalence of patients presenting with spontaneous coronary dissection as the underlying cause of an ST-elevation myocardial infarction is low. It is typically found in women, often ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2011
Abstract Background. Left atrial (LA) enlargement is a powerful risk factor for cardiovascular diseases; little information is available about its prevalence and correlates in subjects free of overt cardiac disease seen in echocardiographic practice. Aim. We evaluated the prevalence of LA enlargement (LAE) and the relationship with left ventricular (LV) ...
Payne Christopher J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Twelve-lead electrocardiography is a standard preoperative investigation for patients undergoing major surgery. There is uncertainty and debate over the usefulness of this test for stratifying postoperative cardiac risk. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between an abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) and the postoperative cardiac event rate. ...
Lo Ada - - 2011
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown atiology and cardiac involvement can occur. Echocardiographic abnormalities, such as left ventricular dysfunction, segmental wall thinning, ventricular aneurysm, or valvular abnormalities are often subtle until the later stages of the disease. However, sarcoid has a predilection to cause ventricular arrhythmias or conduction ...
Zhang Yue-Li - - 2011
Aortico-left ventricular tunnel (ALVT) is a rare cardiac abnormality. This article presents an adult case of ALVT with aortic ostium lying above the left-noncommissure which was diagnosed with live three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE). Live 3DE has shown its value in providing more detailed information. (Echocardiography, ****;**:E1-E3).
Philip Saji - - 2011
Left ventricular false tendons (LVFTs) are fibrous or fibromuscular bands stretching across the left ventricle (LV) from the ventricular septum to the papillary muscle or LV free wall but not connecting, like the chordae tendinae, to the mitral leaflet. LVFTs have become the focus of studies and discussions since the ...
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