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Jain V K - - 1991
Serum copper and zinc estimations in humans were made to find their diagnostic and prognostic value in cases of myocardial infarction. Following infarction, there was an increase in serum copper levels from the first 24 h up to the 7th day, with gradual decline that did not reach the normal ...
Kuller L H - - 1991
The relation between serum albumin levels and subsequent incidence of myocardial infarction and coronary heart disease deaths was evaluated using stored serum from the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT). There were 91 coronary heart disease deaths, 113 myocardial infarction patients, and 405 controls matched to cases within 5 years ...
Kadota K - - 1991
We hypothesized that oxidative processes in myocardial tissues initiated by ischemia also cause the same kind of changes in blood proteins and lead to oxidation of sulfhydryl groups (SH). To test this hypothesis, the ratio (%MA) of mercaptalbumin to total albumin (= mercaptalbumin + nonmercaptalbumin) and the total SH contents ...
Simeonova P P - - 1991
An ELISA assay with monoclonal antibody (Mab 2F4) raised against human ventricular myosin heavy chains was developed and used to investigate human sera after myocardial infarction. The monoclonal antibody 2F4 was selected for its high affinity to soluble fragments of myosin heavy chains (subfragment-1) and for its appropriate tissue specificity. ...
Perrier A - - 1991
A case of severe lithium carbonate self-poisoning is described, presenting with a very high serum lithium level (14.6 mmol/L) on admission. Lengthy and repeated hemodialyses were required to lower lithemia to nontoxic ranges. As is usually reported, our patient had prolonged neurologic manifestations (coma, hyperreflexia, fluctuating focal signs) and developed ...
Ubbink J B - - 1991
Total serum homocysteine and cholesterol levels were determined in 163 male patients with typical angina who were subjected to coronary angiography. The prevalence of homocysteinemia in coronary heart disease (CHD) was 41.9%. Serum homocysteine levels were significantly elevated (p less than 0.05) in patients with major occlusion in two or ...
Blackwell G G - - 1991
In order to provide timely and proper therapy for patients with myocardial infarction, accurate diagnosis is essential. To assess the impact of therapy and to aid in long-term prognostication, it is also desirable to quantitate accurately the extent of infarct size. For diagnostic purposes, the conventional methods of clinical evaluation, ...
Salonen J T - - 1991
The authors investigated the association of serum copper concentration with the risk of acute myocardial infarction in 1,666 randomly selected men aged 42, 48, 54, or 60 years who had no symptomatic ischemic heart disease at entry. Baseline examinations in the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study in Eastern ...
Stahl G L - - 1991
Although previous studies have demonstrated that complement (C)5a causes myocardial ischemia and mechanical dysfunction, the cardiac response of endogenously produced C5a and C5a des-Arg in zymosan-activated serum (ZAS) and the critical role of granulocytes in this process are poorly understood. Therefore, we compared the coronary and cardiac effects of ZAS ...
Cengiz K - - 1991
In order to study predisposing effects of sex hormones in acute myocardial infarction and in unstable angina pectoris, serum estradiol, progesterone, testosterone, creatine phosphokinase (CPK), and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were measured in 26 male patients with acute myocardial infarction, and in 14 male patients with unstable angina pectoris, and ...
Srinivasan S R - - 1991
BACKGROUND: The value of lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] in the prediction of coronary artery disease risk very early in life remains to be established in different racial groups. METHODS AND RESULTS: Serum Lp(a) distribution and its relation to parental histories of myocardial infarction were examined in 2,438 children (8-17 years old) ...
Blumberg M S - - 1991
This study examines whether the MedisGroups admission severity groups give unbiased estimates of 30-day mortality in 3037 Medicare-aged patients who were hospitalized in 1985 through 1986 with acute myocardial infarction. The average observed death rate for all acute myocardial infarction patients in the study who were in a given admission ...
Foy S G - - 1991
Latex agglutination for serum myoglobin (Rapitex) was compared with the initial ECG for the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. Forty patients suspected of myocardial infarction were prospectively evaluated by initial electrocardiogram and Rapitex serum myoglobin. The initial ECG was categorised into one of three groups: Group 1 had ST ...
Kawaguchi K - - 1991
To test the hypothesis that simultaneous dual energy single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with technetium-99m (99mTc) pyrophosphate and thallium-201 (201TI) can provide an accurate estimate of the size of myocardial infarction and to assess the correlation between infarct size and peak serum creatine kinase activity, 165 patients with acute ...
Suemura M - - 1991
The significance of sFc epsilon RII in IgE-mediated allergic disease was examined. sFc epsilon RII in serum was found to decrease following clinical improvement, suggesting sFc epsilon RII in serum may be an indicator of allergic diseases. Significant proportions of sFc epsilon RII in serum were present as complexes with ...
Remla A - - 1991
Effect of feeding safflower oil and coconut oil in experimental myocardial infarction induced by isoproterenol in rats was studied. Based on the survival rate and histopathological examination, safflower oil was found to offer better protection than coconut oil. Serum GOT levels also confirmed the protective activity of safflower oil. The ...
Pal S - - 1991
Forty patients with uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction were studied within 6-18 hours after the infarction. Serum myoglobin was elevated in all the cases and was markedly high in cases studied 18 hours after the acute infarction, though the level did not show any relation with the severity of the attack. ...
Friedman P J - - 1991
We prospectively studied the relationship between serum creatinine and survival among 492 elderly subjects admitted for stroke and monitored for a mean period of 18 months post-stroke. In multivariate proportional hazards models, serum creatinine remained an independent predictor of mortality (P = 0.0001) after accounting for other important predictors such ...
Ravichandran L V - - 1991
The changes in the activities of certain lysosomal hydrolases, viz., beta-glucuronidase, beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase, beta-galactosidase, beta-glucosidase, alpha-glucosidase, alpha-galactosidase, alpha-mannosidase, cathepsin B, cathepsin D, and collagenolytic cathepsin, in serum and heart of rats subject to myocardial infarction with isoproterenol, were studied during the periods of peak infarction and recovery. The activities of all ...
Mølstad P - - 1991
The use of digitalis in patients who have sustained an acute myocardial infarction has been controversial. A number of reports have suggested that the use of the glucoside actually can increase mortality. In all previous reports, digoxin has been the glucoside in use. In 620 patients admitted to Hamar Hospital ...
Schorn T F - - 1991
A 22-year-old man attempted to commit suicide by swallowing an unknown amount of barium carbonate dissolved in hydrochloric acid. Shortly after ingestion, he developed crampy abdominal pain and generalized muscle weakness. About 2 h later, respiratory failure ensued necessitating orotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation. Concomitantly, life-threatening arrhythmias including ventricular fibrillation ...
Uji Y - - 1991
A monoclonal solid-phase enzyme immunoassay has been developed for the detection of human serum ventricular myosin light chain-1. Cross-reactivity of this with human skeletal muscle myosin was observed, but the enzyme immunoassay with the sera of patients with acute myocardial infarction gave similar results with radioimmunoassay. The human ventricular myosin ...
Pietilä K - - 1991
We examined the acute phase reaction in myocardial infarction after thrombolytic treatment by streptokinase or tissue plasminogen activator. The magnitude of the acute phase reaction as determined by measurements of serum C-reactive protein and amyloid-A protein did not correlate with infarct size (determined by serial measurements of creatine kinase-MB) in ...
Rosengren A - - 1990
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between the serum lipoprotein (a) concentration and subsequent coronary heart disease. DESIGN: Prospective case-control study based on a six year follow up of a general population sample of men aged 50 at baseline in 1983-4. Serum samples were frozen at the time of the baseline ...
Kamakura K - - 1990
A 42-year-old so-called manifesting carrier of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), whose first complaints were severe myocardial symptoms, is described. Immunohistochemical study using anti-dystrophin anti-serum and analysis of cloned segments of X chromosome DNA were performed. Her two sons and one of her brothers appear to have had the same disease. ...
Hirayama A - - 1990
A highly specific enzyme-linked "sandwich" immunoassay was developed for determining cardiac myosin light chain II (MLC II) in serum by using an anticardiac MLC II monoclonal antibody and a solid phase consisting of glass rods coated with another monoclonal antibody. We can detect as little as 0.2 ng of cardiac ...
Peacock W F WF - - 1990
Ethanol in acute low doses is believed to be relatively nontoxic to the normal myocardium, despite data indicating low-level contractility impairment. In patients with myocardial disease, or as the serum ethanol concentration is increased to high levels, angina, myocardial infarction, and arrhythmia may be potentiated. Chronic ethanol use, at moderate ...
Sano R - - 1990
The serum Lp(a) lipoprotein concentration in 103 healthy control subjects was determined by ELISA (TintElise Lp(a) kit, Biopool, Umea, Sweden). The distribution of Lp(a) in the controls was highly skewed (mean 132, S.D. 109, median 99 mg/liter), which is similar to the results previously reported. Serum Lp(a) level in 104 ...
Broadhurst P - - 1990
Three patients with acute infarction of the anterior wall of the heart underwent catheterisation of the coronary sinus. Samples were taken for estimation of activity of cardiac enzymes. A small gradient was demonstrated between the sinus and the venous blood, suggesting that the coronary sinus is the conduit by which ...
Kaul S - - 1990
Coleonol, a diterpine prevented biochemical changes induced by coronary artery ligation in rabbits at a dose of 10 mg/kg, iv. It increased the heart mitochondrial oxygen uptake and O ratio, which may be responsible for the stabilization of heart membrane. The decrease in serum creatine phosphokinase, glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, glutamate ...
Léger J O - - 1990
To evaluate the correlation between myosin heavy chain release and the necrosis mass, serum levels of myosin heavy chain fragments were determined serially in 55 patients with acute myocardial infarction. Eight of these patients were successfully treated with thrombolytic agents: the others were not treated. The same myosin titration was ...
Wright P S - - 1990
Carbamazepine is being used more frequently in the U.S. as an initial agent of choice to treat generalized tonic-clonic, mixed, and partial seizures with complex symptomatology. Carbamazepine is extensively metabolized in the liver; however, there is little information available on its pharmacokinetics in patients following surgery or myocardial infarction, or ...
Harrison R - - 1990
Circulating antibodies to whole dried cows' milk, previously reported to be elevated in patients with myocardial infarction, have been shown to be directed mainly to the bovine milk fat globule membrane. Human antibodies against the bovine milk fat globule membrane themselves interact primarily with the enzyme, xanthine oxidase. Comparison of ...
Bruschke A V - - 1990
Determination of infarction size is essential to evaluate interventions designed to salvage myocardium. Properly executed enzyme methods probably have the highest accuracy but can only be used in the early stage of infarction. Measurement of slowly catabolized enzymes such as LDH, LDH-1, and alpha-HBDH is recommended for routine purposes.
Katayama T - - 1990
An extensive swelling in the left parotid region, extending to the buccal and cervical areas, developed in a 30-year-old man immediately after a partial nephrectomy which was performed under general anaesthesia. Radiological examination immediately after the onset revealed no abnormality, but a large swelling was detected by computed tomography in ...
Hugo F - - 1990
Previous immunohistochemical work has indicated that terminal C5b-9 complement complexes are selectively deposited in infarcted areas of human myocardium. In the present study, we sought to quantify C5b-9 levels in myocardial tissue, and to differentiate between the membrane-bound C5b-9 (m) and the cytolytically inactive SC5b-9 complex. Paired tissue specimens from ...
Galbraith L V - - 1990
Using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve and likelihood ratio analysis, we examined the diagnostic utility of total lactate dehydrogenase (LD; EC 1.1.1.27) activity (I). LD isoenzyme-1 activity (II), and the LD-1 percentage of total LD activity (III), LD-1 LD-2 (IV), and LD-1/LD-4 (V) in 347 persons admitted to the Cardiac Care ...
Katayama T - - 1990
The serum zinc concentration was examined in 61 patients with acute myocardial infarction who were admitted within twenty-four hours after the onset. Forty-two of 61 patients were admitted within twelve hours. The zinc level fell sharply as early as within three hours after the onset. The minimum values were attained ...
Ohman E M - - 1990
The value of the 12 lead electrocardiogram, serum total creatine kinase, creatine kinase MB isoenzyme, and myoglobin for the early detection of infarction was evaluated within one hour of admission to the coronary care unit in 82 consecutive patients with suspected myocardial infarction. The 51 patients in whom infarction was ...
Jensen A E - - 1990
Diagnostic efficiency of lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes were studied in 117 consecutive patients admitted with some symptoms of acute myocardial infarction. The results of lactate dehydrogenase isoenzyme tests were not available to the physicians, who diagnosed the patients according to criteria based on clinical symptoms, electrocardiographic findings and changes in three ...
Williams J - - 1990
We used isoelectric focusing (IEF) in polyacrylamide gels to investigate the effects of glutathione on the sub-bands of serum creatine kinase (CK; EC 2.7.3.2) isoenzyme MM in acute myocardial infarction. The intensity of the "abnormal" sub-bands c (pI 7.25), e (pI 6.85), and g (pI 6.50) increased, and that of ...
Horie M - - 1990
To quantify the effects of early reperfusion on the size of infarcts, an enzyme indicator was developed: myocardial creatine kinase (CK) release rate (kr), based on a compartmental kinetics model. In 59 patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) who received intracoronary thrombolysis therapy in the acute phase, the kr showed ...
Väänänen H K - - 1990
Serum concentrations of myoglobin (S-Myo) and carbonic anhydrase III (S-CA III; EC 4.2.1.1), a skeletal muscle-specific protein, were measured by RIA in 26 patients with acute myocardial infarction, 14 patients with neuromuscular diseases, and six healthy subjects before and after physical exercise. S-Myo was increased in infarct patients, whereas S-CA ...
Schwerdt H - - 1990
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the use of an optimised function to approximate and interpolate the time course of serum creatine kinase and creatine kinase-MB values after thrombolytic therapy in acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN: A three parameter interpolating function was developed which approximates the time ...
Graeber G M - - 1990
Experimental studies have shown that peripheral serum creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase change with bowel infarction. Some clinical reports have suggested that similar changes occur in patients. This prospective study documents the changes in these enzymes associated with acute myocardial infarction, acute bowel necrosis (MES INF), and uncomplicated abdominal aortic ...
Marius-Nunez A L - - 1990
This report describes a 46-year-old white man who suffered an acute myocardial infarction after carbon monoxide exposure. The electrocardiogram and serum enzymes showed myocardial infarction. The coronary angiogram performed one week after admission failed to reveal evidence of coronary obstructive lesions. The case presented is of interest because the clinical ...
Szlavy L - - 1990
To determine the effect of calcium dobesilate (CLS 2210) on biochemical markers of acute myocardial infarction, and thereby assess its action in limiting myocardial necrosis, this compound was administered intravenously by a randomized, double-blind technique to 23 of 41 patients suffering their first infarction. The remaining 18 patients received a ...
Moscoso H - - 1990
We have developed a monoclonal antibody-based enzyme immunoassay and a solid-phase radioimmunoassay for human myoglobin. Both assays are based on competition for the monoclonal antibody between the free myoglobin present in the standards or serum samples and the myoglobin coated to the wells of microtiter plates. Consequently, the absorbance at ...
Meissner D - - 1990
In 30 patients suffered from acute myocardial infarction the serum levels of zinc, copper, cortisol, aldosterone, and triiodthyronine were determined. Zinc and triiodthyronine decrease, the other parameters increase. The serum levels of the tested parameters show a characteristic course within the first days after onset of myocardial infarction. There are ...
van der Schouw Y T - - 1990
In a case-control study of 84 myocardial infarction patients and 84 population controls we investigated the association between iron status parameters and myocardial infarction during the acute phase and after six weeks. Immediately after the infarction mean ferritin levels were significantly higher, whereas iron levels and iron saturation of transferrin ...
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