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Results 351 - 400 of 816
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Pietilä K O - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: We studied the relationship between serum C-reactive protein and mortality in acute myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND: Early recanalization of an infarct-related coronary artery is considered to be an essential prerequisite for reducing mortality by thrombolytic treatment in acute myocardial infarction. It also reduces the inflammatory reaction caused by acute myocardial ...
Tanaka H - - 1996
The age-adjusted death rate from ischemic heart disease in Japan is the lowest among developed countries and the rates have decreased since 1970. The incidences of myocardial infarction in selected populations ranged between 0.12 and 2.56 per 1,000 for middle-aged males, and between 0.00 and 1.52 per 1,000 for females. ...
Goarin J P - - 1996
Brain death is associated with altered cardiac function and low concentrations of circulating triiodothryronine (T3). However, the effects of T3 administration on hemodynamic status and cardiac function in potential heart donors remain controversial. Thirty-seven brain-dead patients were randomly and blindly allocated to receive an intravenous bolus of either 0.2 microgram/kg ...
Shyu K G - - 1996
To characterize the role of circulating intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAM-1) and E-selectin in patients with acute coronary syndrome, serum levels of ICAM-1 and E-selectin were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Group 1 comprised 17 patients with acute myocardial infarction; group 2 included 17 patients with unstable angina; and group ...
Matsumori A - - 1996
We measured serum hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in patients with acute myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, and other heart diseases. In patients with acute myocardial infarction, blood was collected at the time of admission. Serum HGF was elevated within 3 hours in 8 of 10 patients (80%) with acute myocardial infarction ...
Cunningham R T - - 1996
Serum neurone-specific enolase (NSE) and computerized tomography (CT) stroke volume were compared in patients admitted within 24 h of an acute stroke. Serum samples were obtained on admission and daily for the next 4 days. Of 163 patients, CT scans revealed 25 with intracerebral haemorrhages, one haemorrhagic infarct and 83 ...
Szczeklik A - - 1996
BACKGROUND: A few years ago we reported that acute myocardial infarction is associated with a distinct, transient rise in serum immunoglobulin (Ig)E. OBJECTIVE: We wondered whether this response is specific only for myocardial infarction or whether it reflects a more generalized phenomenon, precipitated by tissue injury. METHODS: We carried out ...
Singh R B - - 1996
In a randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled trial, the effects of the administration of oral L-carnitine (2 g/day) for 28 days were compared in the management of 51 (carnitine group) and 50 (placebo group) patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction. At study entry, the extent of cardiac disease, cardiac enzymes and lipid ...
Frippiat F F Service de Médecine Interne Générale et Endocrinologie, Cliniques de Mont-Godinne, - - 1996
The authors report 3 cases of thromboembolic splenic infarction due to atherosclerosis of the thoracic aorta and the splenic artery. On this occasion, a retrospective analysis of 64 splenic infarcts showed that, in contrast to the literature, the leading aetiology in our series consisted of haematologic disorders (50%), followed by ...
Batin P - - 1995
A number of simple clinical and laboratory variables were analysed in a group of patients with chronic heart failure to evaluate their prognostic significance. Five hundred and fifty-two patients were followed for a maximum of 13 years with a total exposure time to death or censored survival of 1148 years. ...
Tamura A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between serum lipoprotein(a) and angiographically assessed coronary artery disease progression without new myocardial infarction. PATIENTS AND DESIGN: 85 patients with coronary artery disease who underwent serial angiography with an interval of at least two years were studied. Progression of coronary artery disease was defined as ...
Bertschat F - - 1995
The most feared early complications after an acute myocardial infarction are ventricular arrhythmias. These may be initiated by changed concentrations of catecholamines and electrolytes. The present study shows a reduction of total serum magnesium after acute myocardial infarction which is normalized within a few days. Further, it could be shown ...
Brugger P - - 1995
Patients with coronary heart disease have increased nocturnal urinary noradrenaline. Because melatonin suppresses sympathetic activity, we measured serum melatonin concentrations at night (0200 h) in 15 patients with coronary heart disease. Melatonin was significantly lower in the patients than in 10 healthy controls (median 7.8 [interquartile range 6.5-11.8] vs 36.2 ...
Delanghe J R - - 1995
Creatine release was compared in various conditions of muscle damage: acute myocardial infarction (AMI), unstable angina, and cardiac surgery. After AMI, serum and urine creatine concentrations increased transiently. After cardiopulmonary resuscitation, serum creatine values were significantly higher because of impaired renal function, whereas urinary creatine concentrations were comparable. In 38 ...
Kitaoka H - - 1995
Serum troponin T, a myocardial contractile protein, has been reported to be a sensitive marker for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. However, there have been few reports on its ability to detect coronary reperfusion and to predict left ventricular function in the chronic stage. Twenty two patients (20 males ...
Squadrito F - - 1995
It has been suggested that leukocyte adhesion mechanisms play a key role in experimental myocardial infarction. We have recently shown that E-selectin, an adhesion molecule belonging to the selectin family, is involved in the pathogenesis of experimental myocardial ischemia. We investigated the circulating levels of E-selectin, studied as a marker ...
Fujimoto K - - 1995
We established an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for atrial myosin light chain 1 (ALC1) using monoclonal antibodies KA1 and KB1, which were specific for ALC1 and for both ALC1 and ventricular myosin light chain 1, respectively. The serum ALC1 levels of healthy subjects were 0.28 +/- 0.14 ng/ml (mean +/- SD). ...
Mori T - - 1995
The relation of serum glycoproteins and C-reactive protein (CRP) to severity of coronary atherosclerosis was examined in 133 men and 92 women undergoing coronary angiography. The following serum glycoproteins were determined: alpha 1-antitrypsin, alpha 1-acid glycoprotein, alpha 2-macroglobulin, ceruloplasmin, haptoglobin, fibrinogen, C4b binding protein, and lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)]. Sex- and ...
Pérez-Cárceles M D - - 1995
In some situations the postmortem diagnosis of myocardial infarction is made difficult by the brief course of the fatal episode or by interferences caused by autolysis. In such cases, biochemical indices may provide a useful adjunct to morphological studies. Myosin is the main component of the contractile apparatus of muscle ...
Muscari A - - 1995
Serum complement levels have been found to be predictive of myocardial infarction up to 4 years before the acute event. To assess whether they are a marker of a hypercoagulable state, the serum or plasma levels of C3, C4, C3a, C4a, C1 inactivator, antithrombin III, protein S, protein C, fibrinogen ...
Barutçu U B - - 1995
The effects of coronary artery diseases on haemorheological parameters (blood viscosity, erythrocyte deformability and haemoglobin level) and serum trace element (Cu,Zn) levels were investigated. Subjects were 16 male patients having coronary artery disease. Three blood samples were drawn pre-operation and at the 10th and 30th day after operation. To determine ...
Kock R - - 1994
The aim of this study was the elucidation of the role of the xanthine oxidoreductase in the purine metabolism in ischaemic diseases of man. The serum concentrations of hypoxanthine, xanthine, uric acid and allantoin were determined in peripheral blood samples from patients with angina pectoris, cerebral insult and myocardial infarction ...
Chan L - - 1994
Racemic D,L-lactate has long been used in burn therapy as Ringer's lactate and in peritoneal dialysis fluid for treatment of renal failure. The D-lactate component of this racemic mixture is known to cause two forms of neurological toxicity in patients: encephalopathy and, in a subset of the population, panic reaction. ...
Street D A - - 1994
BACKGROUND: In vitro, animal and epidemiological studies suggest that lipoprotein oxidation may play an important role in atherosclerosis. Antioxidants may protect against lipoprotein oxidation and in that way inhibit atherosclerosis and its clinical sequelae. To investigate this possibility, we examined the association between levels of several antioxidants and myocardial infarction ...
Liuzzo G - - 1994
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of unstable angina is poorly understood, and predicting the prognosis at the time of hospital admission is problematic. Recent evidence suggests that there may be active inflammation, possibly in the coronary arteries, in this syndrome. We therefore studied the prognostic value of measurements of the circulating acute-phase ...
Mehta S - - 1994
The diagnostic value of serum myoglobin as compared to MB iso-enzyme of creatine phosphokinase and aspartate aminotransferase was investigated in 25 patients admitted on suspicion of acute myocardial infarction with a duration of symptoms less than 6 hours. In group 1 (acute myocardial infarction group), the first blood sample, obtained ...
Herlitz J - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relation between the extent of a myocardial infarct, measured according to maximum serum enzyme activity of lactate dehydrogenase, and mortality at 10 years. PATIENTS: In 759 patients with acute myocardial infarction in whom serum activity of heat stable lactate dehydrogenase had been determined every 12 hours ...
Solymoss B C - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Prospective studies of East Finnish men demonstrated an increased risk of myocardial infarction in association with elevated serum ferritin levels (> or = 200 micrograms/l). The present study was designed to explore whether serum ferritin concentrations are related to angiographically determined coronary artery disease or to a past history ...
Morrison H I - - 1994
We assessed the relation of serum iron, dietary iron, and the use of iron supplements to the risk of fatal acute myocardial infarction in the Nutrition Canada Survey cohort. We found an association between serum iron and risk of fatal acute myocardial infarction, with rate ratios for males and females ...
Levy D K - - 1994
Patients who sustain a transient period of hypotension or low cardiac output can develop massive elevations of the serum transaminases without serum markers of acute hepatitis, a recent myocardial infarction or exposure to toxins and chemicals. This condition is often termed "ischemic hepatitis" (IH), with its pathological correlate being centrilobular ...
Madan Z M - - 1994
A study was carried out on the plasma levels of 6 Keto PGF1 alpha and Thromboxane B2 (TXB2) in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Our results showed a generalized increase in the levels after acute myocardial infarction. The 6 Keto PGF1 alpha levels increased twice as compared to control values ...
Frey G H - - 1994
In a recent Finnish study, an association of high serum ferritin levels with excess risk of myocardial infarction in men was reported. This was the first such report in the literature so we decided to review the clinical records of 298 male patient seen over a 10-year period in Southern ...
Nicol P D - - 1993
To determine if the presence of cardiac light chains in blood could be used to detect acute myocardial infarction, we developed a specific light chain immunoassay. A synthetic peptide sequence specific for human cardiac ventricular myosin light chain 1 (VLC1) was synthesized and designated P348. This peptide coupled to keyhole ...
Bertino J S JS - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To examine, in patients with a serum creatinine (SCr) < 85 mumol/L, whether the use of actual SCr versus the use of an SCr set at 85 mumol/L and applied to the Cockcroft-Gault method for calculation of creatinine clearance (Clcr), resulted in a similar ability to explain variance in ...
Szczeklik A - - 1993
BACKGROUND: While studying the immunological response to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) we noticed that patients who on admission had a high serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) level were less likely to die suddenly. This observation seemed to deserve verification since atopic patients whose production of IgE was excessive had been reported ...
Tsuji R - - 1993
We have previously reported that serum and/or urinary human heart-type cytoplasmic fatty acid-binding protein (HH-FABPc) can be used as an early indicator of myocardial injury (Clin Biochem 1991; 24: 195-201). To confirm the usefulness of HH-FABPc as an early diagnostic indicator of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), its serum and urinary ...
Abe Y - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether interleukin-8 (IL-8, a potent activator of neutrophils) is involved in tissue injury during ischaemia and reperfusion in patients with acute myocardial infarction. SETTING: Teaching hospital. SUBJECTS: Five consecutive patients with acute Q-wave myocardial infarction, two patients with stable angina who underwent elective percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, ...
Pietilä K - - 1993
Serum C-reactive protein rises in acute myocardial infarction, correlating positively with infarct size if thrombolytic treatment is not given. This correlation disappears if thrombolytic treatment is given, although the serum C-reactive protein concentration is still associated with the clinical outcome of the patient. We studied the effect of early coronary ...
Matts J P - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Serum creatinine has been reported in previous studies to be a prognostic indicator for overall mortality, in particular in a hypertensive population. METHODS: The Program on the Surgical Control of the Hyperlipidemias (POSCH) was a randomized, controlled clinical trial. All patients had survived a single myocardial infarction, were normotensive, ...
Beard J L - - 1993
A recent prospective three-year follow-up study of 1931 men in Finland demonstrated a significant 2.2-fold greater risk of acute myocardial infarct in 42- to 60-year-old men who had serum ferritin concentrations above 200 micrograms/dL. However, the mean plasma ferritin concentration in this population was high and the prevalence of hemochromatosis ...
Verma R P - - 1993
Myocardial calcification has been rarely described in premature infants after myocardial infarction and myocarditis with coxsackievirus B1. In adults and older children, metastatic myocardial calcification has been reported in chronic renal failure. We report a case of myocardial calcification in a 680-gm preterm infant after a prolonged course of renal ...
Clerico A - - 1993
We evaluated the performance and analytical parameters of a one-step magnetic IRMA kit for the measurement of myosin in serum. The method uses two monoclonal antibodies selected for their high affinity to the heavy chains of human ventricular myosin. The first antibody is coupled to a magnetic solid phase and ...
Oster O - - 1993
The trace element concentrations (Cu, Zn, Fe) in sera from patients with dilated cardiomyopathy are reported. Patients with dilated cardiomyopathy have high copper and low zinc concentrations in serum compared to healthy controls. The trace element concentration profile is different from that of other heart diseases like myocardial infarction and ...
Aránega A E - - 1993
We used Western-blot analysis to investigate the possible presence in the bloodstream of the contractile protein alpha-actin in 70 patients diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction on the basis of clinical, electrocardiographic and laboratory (creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase) criteria. Circulating protein was identified with a monoclonal antibody specific for cardiac ...
Muscari A - - 1993
To ascertain whether the increase in serum IgA, which has been found to be associated with the presence of severe atherosclerotic disease, precedes or follows the occurrence of major ischemic events (MIE), we studied the serum levels of IgA as well as IgG and IgM in 145 subjects with acute ...
Manning W J - - 1992
A 27-year-old white man with no significant risk factors for coronary artery disease presented with a 9-month history of progressive impotence, gynecomastia, lower extremity paresthesias, and extensive myocardial infarction and subsequently developed ulcerative proctitis. A diagnosis of POEMS syndrome was made based on the clinical presentation; additional physical findings of ...
Reunanen A - - 1992
The associations between serum ceruloplasmin level and the subsequent incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke were studied in a nested case-control study in Finland (baseline examination 1968-1972). Ceruloplasmin levels were measured in stored serum samples from 104 myocardial infarction or stroke cases occurring during a median follow-up of about 11 ...
Bain R J - - 1992
We have investigated prospectively the serum cortisol response to acute myocardial infarction in 70 consecutive patients admitted to a coronary care unit and we have shown that the levels are significantly raised early in the course of the illness and prior to elevation of the cardiac specific enzyme fraction, creatine ...
Szlavy L - - 1992
In a previous double-blind, randomized study, CLS 2210 (a new formulation of calcium dobesilate) or placebo was administered by intravenous infusion to 41 patients having their first acute myocardial infarction. In the present study 19 comparable patients were treated intravenously with streptokinase under identical conditions and the results compared with ...
Salonen J T - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Iron can induce lipid peroxidation in vitro and in vivo in humans and has promoted ischemic myocardial injury in experimental animals. We tested the hypothesis that high serum ferritin concentration and high dietary iron intake are associated with an excess risk of acute myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Randomly ...
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