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Results 301 - 350 of 818
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Sasikumar C S - - 2000
The present study was conducted to elucidate the antioxidant role of an ayurvedic formulation Abana in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction in rats. In myocardial necrosis induced by isoproterenol, a significant increase in serum iron content with a significant decrease in plasma iron binding capacity, ceruloplasmin activity and glutathione level were ...
Cook B - - 2000
Background: Cellular changes lead to coronary artery endothelial dysfunction (ED) and precede plaque formation. Clinical events, such as unstable angina and acute coronary syndromes, are common consequences of ED. Coronary artery ED, as characterized by Rb-82 PE, is a perfusion abnormality at rest, which improves following stress. In risk factor ...
Orús J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Increased levels of circulating cytokines have been previously reported in patients with congestive heart failure; however, whether they have prognostic implications is still unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic implications of elevated serum cytokines in patients with heart failure and to identify the predictors ...
Zhu Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical significance of circulating hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and the role of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (monocytes), which are a possible source of HGF, in patients with acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: 37 patients with acute myocardial infarction and 13 normal control subjects were recruited. ...
Eddleston M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To describe the cardiac arrhythmias, electrolyte disturbances, and serum cardiac glycoside levels seen in patients presenting to hospital with acute yellow oleander (Thevetia peruviana) poisoning and to compare these with published reports of digitalis poisoning. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Medical wards of Anuradhapura District General Hospital, Sri Lanka, and ...
Borkowski R - - 2000
A white-handed gibbon (Hylobates lar) lost the use of its right hand. Complete blood count, serum chemistry profile, electrocardiographic findings, blood pressure, and radiographic work-up were normal, but the gibbon died 2 days later. The gibbon was serologically positive for herpes simplex I and Epstein-Barr virus. Necropsy and histopathology showed ...
Nikfardjam M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: In patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction the pathophysiologic and prognostic value of serum C-reactive protein is not well defined. This study assessed the association between serum C-reactive protein levels on admission and mortality in patients admitted because of acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care ...
Bakalova R A - - 2000
High affinity IgG autoantibodies against oxidized low density lipoproteins (oxLDLs), apolipoprotein B and lipid-soluble antioxidants--alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene, were tested in patients with coronary heart disease. Correlation relationships between these parameters were analysed. Fifty one patients with coronary heart disease (37 males/14 females) defined as Q-wave myocardial infarction and/or stenosis of ...
Paglia D E - - 2000
Two weeks before dying of congestive heart failure, a juvenile black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis minor) received a single low dose of doxorubicin as part of combination chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Diffuse hemosiderosis was present at necropsy in a pattern indicative of dietary iron overload, but unique iron-positive degenerative lesions ...
Gersl V - - 1999
Changes in cholinesterases activities in daunorubicin cardiomyopathy and in dexrazoxane (DRZX)-treated daunorubicin cardiomyopathy were investigated in rabbits. Acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase (AChE and BuChE) were determined using Ellman's method. In the serum, a significant decrease of BuChE was observed in the daunorubicin group (9.05 at the beginning and 7.15 microcat/l at ...
Bartfay W J - - 1999
Acute iron poisoning and chronic iron overload are well-known causes of myocardial failure. Although the exact mechanism is not known, excess iron-catalyzed free radical generation is conjectured to play a role in damaging the myocardium and altering cardiac function. We report here on the effects of acute and chronic iron-loading ...
Sato T - - 1999
A 68-year-old male with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was admitted to the hospital with chest pain that had started 1 day earlier. The serum levels (ng/ml) of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) were 1.06, 1.22, 1.05, 0.72 and 0.64 on days 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 postinfarction, respectively. He died ...
Kuryshev Y A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic iron overload may develop a cardiomyopathy manifested by ventricular arrhythmias and heart failure. We hypothesized that iron-loaded cardiomyocytes may have abnormal excitability. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined a new model of human iron overload, the Mongolian gerbil given repeated injections of iron dextran. In ventricular myocytes, ...
Ohtsuka T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Apoptotic cell death is the major form of myocardial damage produced by coronary ischemic events. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether circulating levels of soluble Fas (sFas), an inhibitor of apoptosis, and sFas ligand, an inducer of apoptosis, in patients with coronary artery disease are greater than normal. METHODS: Forty-seven patients ...
Whicher J - - 1999
There is increasing evidence that atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disorder resulting from a combination of processes, and that acute exacerbations of this inflammation are associated with the acute coronary syndromes such as myocardial infarction and unstable angina. Measurement of the serum level of acute phase proteins, such as C-reactive ...
Abdo A - - 1999
Patients with primary aldosteronism often present with hypokalemia and hypertension. Primary aldosteronism presenting as sudden death due to ventricular fibrillation is described in an otherwise healthy 37-year-old woman. After successful direct current cardioversion, serum potassium was 1.4 mmol/L. Investigations revealed a suppressed renin level, elevated serum aldosterone and a right ...
Nakajima K - - 1999
Technetium-99m labeled diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA)-galactosyl human serum albumin (GSA) has been used for hepatocellular functional evaluation. This study proposed new and simple parameters to overcome the limitations of conventional parameters, and they were applied to the clinical staging of chronic liver dysfunction. The study group consisted of 93 patients including ...
Klipstein-Grobusch K - - 1999
Serum Cu and caeruloplasmin levels have been suggested to be independent risk factors for CHD operating through oxidative modification of LDL. However, given its function as an acute-phase protein, the question has been raised whether an elevated caeruloplasmin level is not merely an indicator of inflammation. In the current study, ...
MogoĊŸ T - - 1999
In a group of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) an evaluation of the derangements in lipid metabolism was carried out by analysing the fat structure of the hair (closely reflecting serum lipid variations). The data obtained reflects the real incidence of dyslipidemia associated with myocardial infarction. Through hair analysis, ...
Said S A - - 1998
We present the case of a 38-year-old man who developed acute myopericarditis, mimicking acute myocardial infarction, as manifested by electrocardiographic, echocardiographic alterations and elevated cardiac enzymes complicating Lancefield group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal tonsillitis. After receiving oral penicillin, the clinical recovery was complete. Fever, tachycardia and chest discomfort resolved within a ...
Saito Y - - 1998
Eleven orally fed (group A) and 14 tube-fed patients (group B) with severe disabilities and neurological disorders were compared to determine whether selenium (Se) deficiency is present in patients undergoing long-term tube feeding, and to examine if Se supplementation has beneficial effects on their cardiac function. Assessments of Se intake, ...
Salomone O A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Total serum sialic acid concentration has been reported to predict death from cardiovascular disease. This study was performed to assess the relation between serum sialic acid concentration and the angiographic extent and severity of coronary atheroma in patients with stable angina. METHODS: Quantitative coronary angiography was performed in 40 ...
Roig E - - 1998
Increased serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) was associated with a higher incidence of New York Heart Association functional classes III to IV and worse left ventricular function during follow-up. Patients with elevated serum IL-6 had poor prognosis. These results reinforce the concept that increased serum IL-6 may also play an important role ...
Guiang S F SF - - 1998
Myocardial iron deficiency complicates chronic intrauterine hypoxemia during diabetic pregnancies. To understand the effect of both conditions during fetal life on intracardiac iron prioritization, we measured heart myoglobin, cytochrome c, and elemental iron concentrations in six iron-deficient, hypoxic, five iron-sufficient, hypoxic, six iron-deficient, normoxic, and six iron-sufficient, normoxic newborn guinea ...
Haller C - - 1998
In patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the serum concentration of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) may be increased without cardiac ischemia. One reason for this unexplained increase could be the extracardiac expression of cTnT. However, truncal skeletal muscle biopsies of five patients with ESRD showed no evidence of the expression ...
Harvey C J - - 1998
Rapid, sequential serum creatine kinase measurements may be used to exclude acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with acute chest pain. Two cases of cardiopathia fantastica (the cardiac variant of Munchausen's syndrome) are described. Both patients presented with symptoms of acute myocardial infarction and had electrocardiographic changes consistent with this ...
Tripathi Y - - 1998
The present study examined serum testosterone and estradiol levels on the day of admission, 5th and on 10th day following acute myocardial infarction in men. Controls were matched for age and body mass index. Testosterone levels were low on the day of admission and remained statistically unchanged on 5th and ...
Okano H - - 1998
A 55-year-old man had rhabdomyolysis and myocardial damage induced by palytoxin. Weakness and myalgia of four extremities occurred five hours after eating a fish. Rhabdomyolysis developed and the serum creatine phosphokinase (CK) was elevated to 40,000 IU/l on the 3rd day. Gastric lavage with activated charcoal and forced mannitol-alkaline diuresis ...
Modena M G - - 1998
The aim of our study was to evaluate the modification of serum concentration of aminoterminal propeptide of type III procollagen (PIIINP) in 70 patients with previous transmural myocardial infarction. In 38 patients (group 1 ) PIIINP levels increased at 6 and 12 months after infarction; in 32 patients (group 2) ...
Keim V - - 1998
The clinical value of amylase and lipase measurement for the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis was evaluated in 253 patients presenting with acute abdominal pain. Acute pancreatitis was detected in 32 patients by computed tomography or ultrasound. In the serum samples collected on days 0-1 after the onset of symptoms, lipase ...
Corda S - - 1997
Pericardial fluid (PF) may contain myocardial growth factors that exert paracrine actions on cardiac myocytes. The aims of this study were (1) to investigate the effects of human PF and serum, collected from patients undergoing cardiac surgery, on the growth of cultured adult rat cardiac myocytes and (2) to relate ...
Jensen P D - - 1997
It is well-documented that iron chelation by desferrioxamine protects/improves the cardiac function in blood transfusion-dependent children suffering from beta-thalassaemia. In patients who do not become dependent upon blood transfusion until adulthood (ANT-patients), iron chelation by desferrioxamine may affect the cardiac function in unknown ways, presumably because age-related changes in the ...
Carrasco H A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: In the early asymptomatic stages of cardiomyopathy in chronic Chagas' disease, septal endomyocardial biopsies disclose multiple evidence of evolving myocardial damage. Detection of signs of an active myocardiopathic process may allow a better understanding of the evolution of this and other related dilated cardiomyopathies and provide a means for ...
Missler U - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Better techniques are needed to monitor infarction volume and predict neurological outcome after ischemic brain infarction. We evaluated the usefulness of serial measurements of S-100 protein versus neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in blood samples from patients with acute stroke. METHODS: Using nonisotopic sandwich immunoassays, we measured plasma concentrations ...
Munoz D G - - 1997
Leakage of serum proteins into the brain parenchyma has been repeatedly used as evidence of blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage in experimental and human studies. However, there is no consensus in the literature concerning this phenomenon in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have examined this question by comparing frontal lobe sections in ...
Hirohata S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that changes in serum matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) after acute myocardial infarction reflect extracellular matrix remodelling and the infarct healing process. PATIENTS: 13 consecutive patients with their first acute myocardial infarction who underwent successful reperfusion. METHODS: Blood was sampled on ...
Wannamethee S G - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between serum urate and the risk of major coronary heart disease events. DESIGN: A prospective study of a male cohort. SETTING: One general practice in each of 24 British towns. SUBJECTS: 7688 men aged 40-59 years at screening. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Fatal and non-fatal coronary ...
Chesebro M J - - 1997
Because thrombolytic therapy can save lives and salvage left ventricular function after acute myocardial infarction, rapid and precise diagnosis is essential. Electrocardiographic changes, and the patient's history and physical examination may not confirm the diagnosis of myocardial infarction. Serum markers have specific advantages and disadvantages in confirming this diagnosis. An ...
Eddy G L GL - - 1997
The presence of a pelvic mass in a patient with an elevated serum CA-125 suggests the possibility of a gynecologic malignancy. However, an increasing number of nonneoplastic causes of elevated serum CA-125 have been reported. This is the first report of a pelvic hematoma associated with elevated serum CA-125. Two ...
Hasdai D - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Being a potent promoter of endothelial and smooth muscle cell proliferation, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is presumed to play a key role in coronary collateral development and atherogenesis. PURPOSE: To characterize serum bFGF levels in patients with ischemic heart disease. METHODS: The study population consisted of patients with ...
Bernard D R - - 1997
Haptoglobin (Hp) is a haemoglobin-binding acute phase protein with three genetic types: Hp 1-1, Hp 2-1, Hp 2-2. We investigated 45 patients during the first 48 hours of acute myocardial infarction, and studied determinant factors and clinical correlates. Upon hospital admission, serum haptoglobin concentration was increased (1.95 +/- 0.94 g/l, ...
Miller N J - - 1997
Serum total antioxidant activity (TAA), albumin and uric acid were measured on admission, and for the next 2 days in 56 patients suffering myocardial infarction, 20 of whom received streptokinase. The 'antioxidant gap', the difference between the serum TAA and the sum of the serum albumin and uric acid activity, ...
Mihara H - - 1997
We investigated the association between the serum level of thrombomodulin and known coronary risk factors in 119 men who underwent coronary angiography. Total cholesterol level was significantly higher in patients with coronary atherosclerosis than in those without. Significantly higher frequency of hypertension was noted in patients with coronary atherosclerosis. Uric ...
Georgieva Z - - 1997
The severity of alterations in the microcirculatory bed and the incidence rate of myocardial dysfunction in 299 female patients with differently severe iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) as a mechanism of compensation and adaptation towards chronic anaemic hypoxia was investigated. Significant changes, mainly in the venular and capillary part of the microcirculatory ...
Büyükberber S - - 1997
The relation between cardiovascular diseases and serum immunoglobulin E (Ig E) levels has been investigated by different authors. Serum Ig E may play a direct role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases, or it may only be a marker formed during pathological mechanisms. In this study, we determined serum Ig ...
Hirschl M M - - 1996
Clinical and experimental data have shown that after acute myocardial infarction there is a significant release of tumour necrosis factor alpha. Therefore, an attempt was made to correlate changes in serum tumour necrosis factor alpha concentrations with indices of infarct extent in patients with acute myocardial infarction. In 50 patients ...
Altura B M - - 1996
This study examines the effects of Mg depletion on myocardial bioenergetic, carbohydrate, lipid and phospholipid metabolism. Rats were studied after long-term (12 week) selective dietary restriction of Mg (20% normal dietary intake). Myocardial biopsy samples were examined for glucose 6-phosphate and glycogen to evaluate carbohydrate pathways and for glycerol phosphate ...
Høst N B - - 1996
Local repair after acute myocardial infarction appears to be reflected by levels in serum of the aminoterminal propeptide of type III procollagen (serum-PIIINP). Furthermore, serum-PIIINP has recently been reported to provide information on prognosis after acute myocardial infarction. However, no attention has yet been paid to the resistance to diffusion ...
Uhl W - - 1996
It has been supposed that there are differences with regard to clinical course and outcome due to the underlying etiological factor in acute pancreatitis. Therefore, the objective of this study was to analyze the severity of the disease, serum enzymes, indicators of necrosis, systemic complications, and mortality in acute pancreatitis ...
Johnston J D - - 1996
Rapid sequential measurements of serum CK were assessed in the diagnosis and exclusion of acute myocardial infarction (MI) in 94 patients presenting to St Thomas' Hospital, London, with acute chest pain of less than 12 h duration. A blood sample was taken from patients on admission to hospital and then ...
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