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Results 201 - 250 of 801
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Cihan Hasan Berat - - 2004
Pericardial fluid reflect the composition of cardiac interstitium in myocardial ischemia. This study investigated the value of the pericardial and serum myoglobin (MG) measurements for the diagnosis of perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Postoperative arterial and pericardial blood samples were taken in 64 subjects undergoing ...
Ellingsen Christian Lycke - - 2004
Ischemic heart disease is the most common cause of sudden death of natural causes in most western countries. By autopsy, there may be no gross or histologic evidence of acute myocardial damage unless the patient survived for several hours following the event. Cardiac troponin in serum has become the recommended ...
Schindler Thomas H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to examine a possible association between systemic microinflammation, as reflected by C-reactive protein (CRP) serum levels, and coronary vasomotion in patients with coronary risk factors but with angiographically normal coronary arteries. METHODS AND RESULTS: Coronary vasomotor function was studied in response to cold ...
Hata Noritake - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has been reported as a marker of atherosclerosis and of thrombi synthesis, but the relationship between HGF and proven coronary thrombi has not been described. The aim of this study was to investigate this relationship in patients with chest pain. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study ...
Numata Satoshi - - 2004
Irrigation and packing with iodoform gauze are often employed for the treatment of mediastinitis after heart surgery. Using this procedure we experienced a case of a patient, who suffered from iodine toxicity. The patient was a 78-year-old male who underwent off-pump coronary artery grafting, using bilateral internal mammary artery. He ...
Yin Wei-Hsian - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The serum concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP) is mildly elevated in patients with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF), but this level falls well within the range found in healthy subjects. Standard clinical assays for CRP lack sensitivity within the low reference range and thus cannot be used effectively for ...
Yan Jin-Chuan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence shows that high expression of CD40L plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. We evaluated the clinical predictive value of increased serum soluble CD40 ligand (CD40L) in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and acute chest pain. METHODS: Serum levels of ...
Nomura E - - 2004
The purpose of the present study was to investigate sequential changes in serum soluble thrombomodulin (sTM) concentrations in patients with acute cerebral infarction (ACI), and to correlate sTM concentrations with the severity of ACI evaluated by Japan Stroke Scale. Eighty-three consecutive patients with ACI were enrolled, and blood examinations were ...
Shimpo Masahisa - - 2004
Mechanically overloaded cardiomyocytes secrete a soluble interleukin-1 receptor family member called ST2. Serum levels of ST2 are associated with prognosis in nonischemic heart failure, but the predictive value of ST2 in patients with acute myocardial infarction is unknown. ST2 levels were measured in serum from 810 patients with acute myocardial ...
Dominguez-Rodriguez Alberto - - 2004
AIMS: Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease that, from its origin to its ultimate complications, involves inflammatory cells, inflammatory proteins, and inflammatory responses from vascular cells. It has been demonstrated that cytokine activities are under neuroendocrine control, in part exerted by the pineal gland through the circadian secretion of its main ...
Snyder-Ramos S A - - 2004
Although several clinical studies have shown that increased serum concentrations of protein S100B predict ischaemic brain damage after cardiac surgery, S100B may also be released from the heart or other injured tissue. We therefore investigated the correlation between serum S100B levels and those of the specific cardiac marker troponin I ...
Jono Shuichi - - 2004
Matrix Gla protein (MGP) is an extracellular matrix protein with wide tissue distribution. It has been demonstrated that the expression of MGP is detected not only in the normal blood vessels but also calcified atherosclerotic plaques, and that MGP deficient mice develop extensive arterial calcification. MGP is thought to be ...
Vasan Ramachandran S - - 2004
Aldosterone is associated with myocardial fibrosis in experimental studies and with left ventricular remodeling in heart failure patients. We hypothesized that aldosterone influences ventricular remodeling in people without congestive heart failure in the community. We examined the relations between serum aldosterone and echocardiographic left ventricular measurements in 2820 Framingham Study ...
Tambara Keiichi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Heart-type cytoplasmic fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) has been reported as a sensitive and specific marker for the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. Our hypothesis was that serum or pericardial fluid levels of H-FABP can reflect not only myocardial infarction but also myocardial ischemia. METHODS: A total of 34 ...
Yan Jin-chuan - - 2004
AIM: To investigate whether upregulation of CD40-CD40 ligand system is related to matrix metalloproteinases level and stability of coronary atherosclerotic plaque in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Sixteen normal controls and 56 patients including 24 with stable angina (SA), 20 with unstable angina (UA), and 12 with acute ...
Booth A D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Arterial stiffness, an independent determinant of cardiovascular risk, is regulated by both structural and functional factors, including endothelium-derived nitric oxide. Endothelial dysfunction is associated with acute and chronic systemic inflammation. However, the role of systemic inflammation in arterial stiffening has not been determined. The aim of this study was ...
Ahmed K K Mueen - - 2004
The alcoholic extract of the latex obtained from Calotropis procera (Asclepidaceae) was evaluated for protection against isoproterenol (20 mg/100 g body wt., s.c.)-induced myocardial infarction in albino rats. The heart damage induced by isoproterenol was indicated by elevated levels of the marker enzymes such as Creatine Kinase-isoenzyme (CK-MB), Lactate dehydrogenase ...
Tritos Nicholas A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is an increasingly common condition and is associated with excess morbidity and mortality, including clinical and subclinical cardiac dysfunction. The role of hormones involved in energy homeostasis, including ghrelin and leptin, in cardiovascular function remains incompletely understood. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the association between systemic ghrelin and ...
Seres Leila - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to assess the antioxidant capacity in the serum and pericardial fluid of patients undergoing heart surgery for coronary heart disease (CHD) or valvular heart disease (VHD) and to find out whether there are gender-related differences in the antioxidant defense. This study involved 85 ...
Carchon Hubert A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are usually diagnosed by isoelectric focusing (IEF) of serum transferrin (Tf). The aim of this study was to evaluate capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) as a diagnostic alternative to IEF. METHODS: We performed 792 CZE analyses of Tf, using the CEofix(TM)-CDT (carbohydrate-deficient transferrin) assay. Peak ...
Otani Yuichiro - - 2003
We report a case of Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) with necrosis of the fingers and toes and liver infarction. A 59-year-old man with asthma suddenly noticed that his fingers and toes felt unusually cold. This condition worsened progressively, and some digits became necrotic within several weeks. Laboratory studies revealed hypereosinophilia and ...
Laube Norbert - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Based on a recently introduced mathematical model approach we show that uroliths located in the urinary tract (UT) can substantially deplete the urinary concentrations of lithogenic constituents by continuous growth. METHODS: To illustrate the influence of the urinary depletion effect on urinalysis, a "typical" calcium oxalate (CaOx) stone former, ...
Westwood Mark A - - 2003
PURPOSE: To assess interscanner reproducibility of tissue iron measurements in patients with thalassemia using gradient echo T2* measurements on two different MRI scanners. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with thalassemia major had liver and myocardial T2* assessment using a Picker Edge 1.5T Scanner and a Siemens Sonata 1.5T scanner, with ...
Gaur Madhavi - - 2003
Myocardial infarction was produced by subcutaneous administration of isoproterenol hydrochloride (85 mg/kg b.w. for two consecutive days). The myocardial damage was proved by observing increase in the activity of SGOT and SGPT in serum whereas AChE activity was inhibited by increasing Km, without affecting Vmax. The inhibition of AChE and ...
Baldus Stephan - - 2003
Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) have gained attention as critical mediators of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Myeloperoxidase (MPO), a hemoprotein abundantly expressed by PMNs and secreted during activation, possesses potent proinflammatory properties and may contribute directly to tissue injury. However, whether MPO also provides prognostic information in patients with ACS remains unknown. ...
Yamaoka-Tojo Minako - - 2003
The circulating interleukin (IL)-18 level is a strong predictor of death from cardiovascular causes in patients with coronary artery disease. However, the mechanisms of IL-18 in orchestrating the cytokine cascade and the accelerator of IL-18 production in atherosclerosis are still unknown. In the present study, we measured the serum concentration ...
Laskey W K - - 2003
PURPOSE: Increased levels of markers of systemic inflammation have been noted in patients following coronary angiographic procedures. The purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of the type of the angiographic procedure as well as the type of radiographic contrast media (RCM) on markers of inflammation. MATERIAL ...
Schulz Rainer - - 2004
During myocardial ischemia, both the myocardial and serum TNFalpha concentrations are rapidly increased within the area at risk. With prolongation of ischemia and development of cardiomyocyte necrosis, the TNFalpha concentration increases also in the surrounding viable portions of the myocardium. Indeed, in the scenario of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion, treatment with TNFalpha ...
Filipiak Krzysztof J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Mast cells (MCs) are multifunctional immune cells that produce a number of vasoactive or thromboactive mediators. Elevated numbers of human heart MCs are observed in the shoulder regions of coronary atherosclerotic plaques, suggesting that they play a role in plaque rupture. Cardiac MC degranulation after myocardial ischemia has been ...
Ege Turan - - 2003
We investigated the effects of pro-inflammatory cytokines of pericardial fluid on hemodynamic parameters in patients undergoing coronary artery surgery. Seventy-eight patients were included in the study and they were allocated to three groups: group 1, stable angina pectoris (SAP, n = 15); group 2, unstable angina pectoris (USAP, n = ...
Nijmeijer Remco - - 2003
Circulating levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) constitute a cardiovascular risk marker. Immunohistochemical studies have revealed co-localization of CRP and activated complement in human infarcted myocardium suggesting CRP to enhance inflammation in ischemic myocardium by inducing local complement activation. The aim was to establish whether CRP activates complement in infarcted human ...
Peña-Alonso Y Rocío - - 2003
A 5-year-old girl with a mild upper airways infection was admitted to the hospital because of sudden vomiting and drowsiness that evolved to stupor; she was dehydrated, hypotensive, and tachypneic; laboratory tests revealed noncompensated lactic acidosis. She also had hypoglycemia followed by hyperglycemia, and progressive bradycardia leading to reversible cardiac ...
Kurosaki Kenji - - 2003
Macrophage colony-stimulating factor, which induces proliferation and differentiation, and activation of monocytes and macrophages, plays an important role in the vulnerability of atheromatous plaques as well as the formation of atherosclerotic lesions. We measured serum concentrations of macrophage colony-stimulating factor in patients with acute myocardial infarction and also investigated the ...
Vasan Ramachandran S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Experimental studies support a key role for cytokines in left ventricular remodeling. In congestive heart failure (CHF) patients, elevated plasma cytokine levels are associated with worse functional status and adverse prognosis. It is unclear whether cytokine levels can predict the incidence of CHF in asymptomatic individuals. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Zhu Bao-Li - - 2003
The aim of the present study was to investigate the differences in postmortem blood biochemistry between fresh-, saltwater drowning and acute myocardial infarction/ischemia (AMI) (n=11, n=15 and n=23, respectively; postmortem interval <48 h). Left and right cardiac blood samples were examined for the serum markers: sodium (Na), chloride (Cl), magnesium ...
Jensen Peter D - - 2003
Evaluation of myocardial iron during iron chelation therapy is not feasible by repeated endomyocardial biopsies owing to the heterogeneity of iron distribution and the risk of complications. Recently, we described a noninvasive method based on magnetic resonance imaging. Here, the method was used for repeated estimation of the myocardial iron ...
de Chadarévian Jean-Pierre - - 2003
Epileptic patients receiving medications such as phenytoin or phenobarbital have been noted to have an exceedingly low incidence of myocardial infarction, but children treated with carbamazepine have shown alteration of their serum lipid profile that could predispose them to atherosclerosis. This report seems to corroborate this point and describes the ...
Scott D J - - 2003
A Short Communication was published in the October 2002 issue of the New Zealand Veterinary Journal entitled An investigation of the safety of oral calcium formate in dairy cows using clinical, biochemical and histopathological parameters (McIntyre and Weston 2002). It appeared to be comparing results directly with those of a ...
Chen X - - 2003
In this study the relation between lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and myocardial infarction was investigated, the typical and simplified methods for measuring serum LPA concentration by dot immunogold filtration assay (DIFA) based on a polyclonal antibody to LPA were developed, and serum LPA concentrations were measured in 31 patients with acute ...
Yu Aimee C - - 2003
A 71-year-old man presented with left upper quadrant abdominal pain. Serial electrocardiograms (ECGs) demonstrated an evolving left bundle branch block, a sign of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, a coronary angiogram demonstrated minimal coronary artery disease, and serum troponin T was undetectable in serial serum measurements. Later, serum pancreatic enzyme ...
Oshima Kiyohiro - - 2003
An 18-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with abdominal distension and edema of both legs. His total serum bilirubin level was 5.2 mg/dl. Echocardiography showed impaired left ventricular contraction, and computed tomography showed a thickened pericardium with massive pleural effusion and ascites. Cardiac catheterization showed both a dip and ...
Oh Seung-Hun - - 2003
CONTEXT: Prompt and precise measurement of neuronal damage in acute cerebral infarction is important to determine the prognosis of functional outcome. A feasible biochemical marker such as the neuron-specific enolase (NSE) level has been used to detect various diseases involving the central nervous system. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the initial ...
Weinberg Ellen O - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We identified an interleukin-1 receptor family member, ST2, as a gene markedly induced by mechanical strain in cardiac myocytes and hypothesized that ST2 participates in the acute myocardial response to stress and injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: ST2 mRNA was induced in cardiac myocytes by mechanical strain (4.7+/-0.9-fold) and interleukin-1beta ...
Almqvist Erik G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity for reasons that are incompletely understood. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of parathyroidectomy on cardiac function especially in patients with mild PHPT. METHODS; Fifty patients with mild PHPT (serum calcium, 2.55 to 2.95 mmol/L) were randomized ...
Labarrere Carlos A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Arterial endothelial expression and raised serum concentrations of the soluble form of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) are implicated in development of transplant coronary artery disease. We investigated whether C-reactive protein, known to stimulate ICAM-1, was associated with increased ICAM-1 concentration and subsequent development of coronary artery disease. METHODS: With ...
Gökçe Mustafa - - 2002
The aim of this study was to assess the relations between inflammation, immune response, and coronary angiographic findings in patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP). Recent studies suggest a role for inflammation in the pathophysiology of UAP. Although activation of neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes has been shown in UAP, no ...
Trougakos Ioannis P - - 2002
Clusterin/apolipoprotein J (hereafter ApoJ) is a conserved secreted glycoprotein expressed by a wide array of tissues and being implicated in several physiological processes. ApoJ has been shown to associate with both normal in vitro aging, namely replicative senescence, as well as with stress induced premature senescence. In vivo, the protein ...
Clejan Sanda - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Mast cells are prevalent in the shoulder of unstable atheromas; cardiac mast cells secrete proteases capable of activating matrix metalloproteinases. Histamine is essential in the inflammatory cascade of the unstable plaque. Ascorbate depletion has been correlated with histaminemia which has been shown to impair endothelial-dependent vasodilation. This study evaluates ...
Anderson Lisa J - - 2002
Despite the introduction of the parenteral iron chelator desferrioxamine more than 30 years ago, 50% of patients with thalassaemia major die before the age of 35 years, predominantly from iron-induced heart failure. The only alternative treatment is oral deferiprone, but its long-term efficacy on myocardial iron concentrations is unknown. We ...
Samada Kazunori - - 2002
In acute-phase Kawasaki disease, neutrophils cause injury to the coronary arterial endothelium through the production of elastase. Previous research has demonstrated the modulation of neutrophil function and kinetics, such as development and maturation, by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). To examine the correlation between G-CSF and cardiac complications in Kawasaki disease, ...
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