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Results 101 - 150 of 801
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Wood John C - - 2008
Vitamin D25-OH and D1-25OH levels were compared with cardiac R2* (1/T2*), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), age, ferritin and liver iron in 24 thalassaemia major patients. Vitamin D25-OH levels were reduced in 13/24 patients while vitamin D1-25OH levels were often elevated. Vitamin D25-OH levels decreased with age (r(2) = 0.48) ...
Fransson Eleonor - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of recall bias in retrospective studies of physical activity and myocardial infarction. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: In 2005, seventy-eight cases who had suffered from a myocardial infarction and 243 control subjects, who had previously participated in the Swedish WOLF (Work, Lipids, and Fibrinogen) study, were ...
Pucci A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is considered a predictive factor for cardiovascular events and its serum levels have been shown to correlate with thin cap coronary plaques in sudden coronary death. Whether serum CRP levels are associated with in vivo atherothrombotic features is unclear. We thus analysed samples from coronary atherectomy ...
Mamtani Manju - - 2008
Iron chelators have dramatically prolonged the life expectancy of patients with transfusion-dependent thalassaemia, but their precise clinical benefit in reducing the myocardial iron burden and improving cardiac function is unknown. This systematic review and meta-analysis included published clinical trials that assessed the efficacy of iron chelators in regularly transfused patients ...
Kang Soo-Jin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that the alterations of myocardial collagen turnover in patients with hypertension may be involved in the early changes of regional contractile function assessed by a new speckle tracking method. METHODS: In 56 patients with untreated hypertension (48 +/- 11 years, ejection fraction > 55%) and 20 age-matched ...
Liu Yingheng - - 2008
The link between thyroid dysfunction and cardiovascular diseases has been recognized for more than 100 years. Although overt hypothyroidism leads to impaired cardiac function and possibly heart failure, the cardiovascular consequences of borderline low thyroid function are not clear. Establishment of a suitable animal model would be helpful. In this ...
Ling Wang - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is at present the third leading cause of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury (AKI). Traditionally, it is diagnosed by measuring the increase of the serum creatinine concentration. However, in patients with acute changes in their glomerular filtration rate, serum creatinine is an insensitive marker. This clinical study ...
Tatli Ersan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Serum uric acid concentrations are higher in patients with established coronary artery disease than in healthy controls. This study aimed to determine the role of uric acid in predetermining coronary artery disease in young patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: This study included 80 of 1612 patients who ...
Halapas Antonios - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) are critical regulators of bone remodeling and RANKL/RANK signaling could also play an important role in the remodeling process of several tissues, such as myocardium. Therefore, we investigated whether the serum concentrations of OPG and RANKL correlate with ...
Sinkiewicz Władysław - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In recent years, increased serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) concentration in patients with cardiovascular diseases has been generating more and more interest. It is as yet unknown, however, if the increased IgE level is a marker of future coronary incidents and whether it may be regarded as an ischemic heart ...
Liu Zhi-Yuan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) or insulin-like growth factor -1 (IGF-1) in patients with acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: Serum PAPP-A and IGF-1 was measured with biotin-tyramide-amplified enzyme immunoassay and Enzyme Linked Immuoserbent Assay, respectively, in patients with ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI, n=12), ...
Yamaguchi Hiroshi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Previous research revealed that a low concentration of serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is associated with risks of myocardial infarction and heart failure. We hypothesized that the serum IGF-1 level affects clinical outcome in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We examined the impact of serum IGF-1 in acute phase of ...
Nicolaou Vassilios N - - 2008
Several studies have illustrated the role played by serum glucose levels in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in general and, more particularly, after an acute coronary event. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of serum potassium and glucose levels on in-hospital mortality in patients with ischemic heart ...
Gombos Tímea - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Circulating heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is present in the circulation of healthy individuals and in patients with various disorders, including chronic heart failure (CHF). However, the source and routes of release of Hsp70 is only partially characterised in clinical samples. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to ...
Cheung Yiu-fai - - 2008
Persistent arterial dysfunction in patients with a history of Kawasaki disease (KD) and an integral role of oxidative stress in the development of cardiovascular disease are increasingly recognized. We sought to test the hypothesis that oxidative stress is increased in KD patients and related to carotid atherosclerotic changes and stiffness. ...
Boot J D - - 2008
We aimed to study the reproducibility of several biomarkers of allergic rhinitis to investigate their potential as outcome measures in clinical intervention trials. Furthermore, we investigated the kinetics of the biomarkers studied in nasal lavage and brush material following a placebo-controlled nasal allergen challenge. We performed a skin prick test ...
Taguchi Takafumi - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Although thyroid hormone deficiency, either clinical or subclinical, is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease, coronary ischemia in a premenopausal woman in her 30s is relatively rare. CASE SUMMARY: A 38-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with severe breathlessness and depressed consciousness. Physical examination found facial, abdominal, ...
Perifanis Vassilios - - 2007
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of different long-term chelation regimens on heart and liver iron stores with the use of T2* magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with transfusion-dependent beta-thalassemia major. Sixty-four patients (28 men, 36 women; mean age, 26.49 +/- 5.8 years) were enrolled ...
Niccoli Giampaolo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Cystatin C (Cys-C) is an accurate marker of renal function. Recent studies have shown that serum Cys-C levels predict the risk of cardiovascular events. The causes of this association, however, are largely unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy consecutive patients (age 62+/-12, male sex 87%) undergoing coronary angiography because of ...
Flammer Andreas J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Dark chocolate has potent antioxidant properties. Coronary atherosclerosis is promoted by impaired endothelial function and increased platelet activation. Traditional risk factors, high oxidative stress, and reduced antioxidant defenses play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, particularly in transplanted hearts. Thus, flavonoid-rich dark chocolate holds the potential to ...
Ohtsuka Tomoaki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Selective induction of myocardial matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) has been reported to occur in human nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). We aimed to evaluate the utility of serum MMPs for risk stratification of patients with DCM. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured serum levels of MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-9 using enzyme-linked immunosorbent ...
Boroumand Mohammad Ali - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correlation between serum lipoprotein(a) concentration and existence as well as severity of coronary atherosclerosis. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 826 patients who underwent angiography through measuring blood sugar, serum lipids, lipoprotein(a) and evaluation of coronary stenosis by Gensini score. RESULTS: Gensini score=6 ...
Buck Brian H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Elevated serum calcium levels at admission in patients with stroke have been associated with less severe clinical deficits and with better outcomes; however, the relationship between serum calcium levels and volumetric measurement of cerebral infarct size on neuroimaging has not been studied, to our knowledge. OBJECTIVE: To assess the ...
Pérez-Castrillon Jose Luis - - 2008
The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between coronary disease and osteoporosis and determine the effect of osteoprotegerin (OPG) on bone remodeling and bone mineral density (BMD) in a group of patients with acute coronary syndrome. Eighty-three patients (52 males and 31 women) with acute coronary syndrome ...
Jia En-zhi - - 2007
AIM: To explore the relationship between serum sodium concentration and coronary atherosclerosis. METHODS: The study population consisted of 896 consecutive patients (684 males and 212 females) who underwent coronary angiography for suspected or known coronary atherosclerosis. Smoking and drinking were investigated. The anthropometric measurements, including body mass index, systolic blood ...
Yip Hon-Kan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of interleukin (IL)-10 in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (ST-se AMI) is currently unclear. The purpose of this study was to test whether the serum IL-10 level can predict 30-day mortality in patients with ST-se AMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND ...
Harjit Kaur - - 2007
The hypercalcaemic crisis of hyperparathyroidism is an endocrine emergency that is invariably fatal if untreated. Despite emergency parathyroidectomies to treat hypercalcaemic crisis, mortality rates remain high. The rapid decline of serum calcium levels after removal of an adenoma and its adverse effect on the heart contributes to the development of ...
Niccoli Giampaolo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Preprocedural C-reactive protein (CRP) serum levels have been shown to predict the recurrence of angina or major adverse cardiac events after percutaneous coronary intervention. Directional coronary atherectomy (DCA), by reducing residual plaque burden and restenosis, has been shown to improve clinical outcome after coronary stenting. Thus, we assessed the ...
Shu Jun - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between inflammatory mediators, matrix degrading enzymes and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and the impact of early reperfusion therapy on circulating biomarkers. DESIGN: Peripheral serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were determined in 134 patients with ACS. These biomarkers ...
Lee Yong-Wha - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Existing cardiac markers are not sensitive for reversible myocardial ischemia. Ischemia modified albumin (IMA) has recently been shown to be an early and sensitive marker of myocardial ischemia. We established a newly standardized, albumin-adjusted IMA index that was more sensitive and accurate than the conventional IMA value. METHODS: We ...
Timonen Pekka - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is associated with myocardial fibrosis, and proinflammatory cytokines may play a role in this. METHODS: N-terminal type I and III procollagen propeptides (PINP, PIIINP) and cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP) were measured from serum samples of 73 patients with DCM and 56 age and ...
Koyama Yo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pentosidine, one of the advanced glycation end products (AGE), is generated by nonenzymatic glycation and oxidation of proteins. The receptor of AGE (RAGE) is expressed in a variety of tissue, and interaction of AGE with RAGE induces oxidative stress and activation of intracellular signaling, causing production of cytokines and ...
Takeishi Yasuchika - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Resistin is derived from fat tissue in rodents, and serum levels are elevated in animal models of obesity and insulin resistance. Recent studies have reported that resistin is correlated with markers of inflammation and oxidative stress and is predictive of coronary atherosclerosis in humans. However, clinical significance of serum ...
Son Youn-Jung - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the relationships between hostility and serum homocysteine in Korean patients with coronary artery disease and to identify their effects on the occurrence of coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Recently, hostility as a psychosocial factor and serum homocysteine as a biochemical risk factor ...
Tanner M A - - 2007
Cardiac complications secondary to iron overload are the leading cause of death in beta-thalassemia major. Approximately two thirds of patients maintained on the parenteral iron chelator deferoxamine have myocardial iron loading. The oral iron chelator deferiprone has been demonstrated to remove myocardial iron, and it has been proposed that in ...
Terasaki Fumio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tenascin-C (TN-C), an extracellular matrix glycoprotein, is specifically expressed at high levels during embryonic development, but not in the adult heart. TN-C reappears at sites of inflammatory tissue remodeling or wound healing under various pathologic conditions, such as acute myocardial infarction, acute myocarditis, and some cases of cardiomyopathy. Therefore, ...
Ruiz-Ruiz Francisco J - - 2007
Changes in extracellular matrix are recognized as a contributing factor in the cardiac remodeling process. Several studies have addressed the value of turnover markers of collagen as predictors of death or new heart failure episodes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between peripheral serum concentration ...
Mavrogeni Sophie - - 2007
Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is the only complete cure for b-thalassemia. Iron depletion therapy is still required to remove excess iron, accumulated before BMT. Hepatic and myocardial iron load were evaluated using T2* magnetic resonance in 8 ex-thalassemic patients after BMT, aged 19.5 +/- 4.25 years, who were in iron ...
Yun Kyeong Ho - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In the previous recent reports, subclinical hypothyroidism is an independent risk factor for acute myocardial infarction in elderly women. It was not established whether a normal range of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) influences the presence of coronary atherosclerosis. We postulated that the level of TSH is risk factor of ...
Hatakeyama Susumi - - 2007
1alpha,25-Dihydroxy-2beta-(3-hydroxypropoxy)vitamin D(3) (ED-71), an analog of active vitamin D(3), 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)], possesses a hydroxypropoxy substituent at the 2beta-position of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3). ED-71 has potent biological effects on bone and is currently under phase III clinical studies for bone fracture prevention. It is well-known that the synthesis and secretion of parathyroid ...
Walker Ernest M EM - - 2007
There are few effective agents that safely remove excess iron from iron-overloaded individuals. Our goal was to evaluate the iron-removing effectiveness of acetaminophen given ip or orally in the gerbil iron-overload model. Male gerbils were divided into 5 groups: saline controls, iron-overloaded controls, iron-overloaded treated with ip acetaminophen, iron-overloaded treated ...
Weber Michael - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Several studies have consistently shown that soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) concentrations are elevated in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and that it can be used as a biomarker for risk stratification. However, recently we could demonstrate that sampling techniques have impact on sCD40L measurements. Thus, it was the ...
Clements-Jewery Hugh - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Arrhythmias, including ventricular fibrillation (VF), occur in two phases after coronary obstruction, the first during the reversible stage of acute myocardial ischaemia (phase 1) and the second during evolution of the infarct (phase 2). We tested the hypothesis that phase 2 arrhythmias are mediated by actions of neutrophils accumulating ...
Adiarto Suko - - 2007
Several studies have shown that leptin, the product of the obese gene, may link obesity with cardiovascular diseases, and in particular with cardiac hypertrophy. In vitro studies suggest that the mechanism by which leptin causes cardiac hypertrophy involves the upregulation of endogenous endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor and mitogen. Whether ...
Caliskan M - - 2006
Elevated serum bilirubin concentrations protect from atherosclerotic diseases; however, it is not clear whether higher serum bilirubin concentrations in physiological ranges do the same. To investigate the association of high and low serum bilirubin concentrations with left ventricular diastolic function and aortic elastic properties. We evaluated left ventricular diastolic function ...
Yalta Kenan - - 2006
Serum carbohydrate antigen (CA-125) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) have always been of clinical importance in the diagnosis and follow-up of various tumors. This study was devised to investigate the relationship between these tumor markers and acute myocardial infarction (MI). Seventy consecutive cases (59 male patients with a diagnosis of acute ...
Lindholt Jes S - - 2006
The aim of this study was to examine the role of activating pathways of plasminogen in the natural history of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). To fulfill this objective 70 male patients with small AAA (> 3 cm) were interviewed and examined. Their blood samples were taken at diagnosis. The patients ...
de Denus Simon - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available to predict the occurrence of hyperkalemia. Risk assessment is complicated by the lack of consistency of definition between trials. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the SOLVD to evaluate the incidence of hyperkalemia and the value of several baseline characteristics as predictors of hyperkalemia ...
Sun Hui-Yu - - 2006
This study was designed to determine whether or not Vibrio vulnificus metalloprotease VvpE can promote iron uptake via the proteolytic cleavage of human hemoglobin. We found that V. vulnificus utilized hemoglobin as an iron source more efficiently via the vulnibactin-mediated iron-uptake system than via the HupA-mediated iron-uptake system and, of ...
Johnston Douglas T - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Using serum neopterin as a marker of macrophage activation, we sought to examine the relationship between serum neopterin levels, thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) risk scores, and how different treatments of acute coronary syndromes affect change in neopterin. METHODS: We examined serum neopterin concentrations at presentation and 72 h ...
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