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Kutil Barbara - - 2010
Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element with antioxidant function. The aim of the present study was to estimate the alterations of Se serum level during the acute phase of myocardial infarction and its relation to biomarkers of myocardial necrosis. Serum Se levels were measured at admission and after 24 h ...
Lee Dong-Hyeon - - 2010
Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) was shown to be elevated in the acute phase of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to have prognostic significance in AMI patients. The aim of this study was to estimate whether the value of PTX3 could be used as a prognostic biomarker, with the global registry of ...
Dhingra Ravi - - 2010
To evaluate the association of serum phosphorus with cardiac structure/function and incident heart failure. We related serum phosphorus to echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) measurements cross-sectionally, and to incident heart failure prospectively in 3300 participants (mean age 44 years, 51% women) free of heart failure, myocardial infarction, and chronic kidney disease ...
Kaneko Masayuki - - 2011
doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2010.00367.x Relationship between root caries and cardiac dysrythmia Background:  Cardiac dysrhythmia are frequently found in the elderly population because of conduction system disease and ageing. Recent reports have suggested that dental caries and periodontal disease are predictors of coronary heart events. However, this hypothesis remains largely unproven. Objective:  This ...
Clements Peter - - 2010
We investigated the kinetics of circulating biomarker elevation, specifically correlated with morphology in acute myocardial injury. Male Hanover Wistar rats underwent biomarker and morphologic cardiac evaluation at 0.5 to seventy-two hours after a single subcutaneous isoproterenol administration (100 or 4000 microg/kg). Dose-dependent elevations of serum cardiac troponins I and T ...
Shaker Olfat G OG Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt. - - 2010
The present work aimed to prove the usage of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) as an early biomarker for kidney injury and to assess the relationship between NGAL and serum creatinine and cystatin C in patients with normal serum creatinine undergoing percutaneous coronary angiography. Thirty patients with normal serum creatinine undergoing ...
Bhalla Vikas - - 2010
Resistin, a 12.5-kDa polypeptide, has been associated with both insulin resistance and inflammation in animal models. Although initially discovered in the adipocytes, it has subsequently been found in other tissues. In humans, controversy still exists regarding the role of resistin but serum resistin concentration has been correlated with risk factors ...
da Silva Sandra Huber - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe a method to measure ischaemia-induced alterations of the binding capacity of serum albumin to exogenous nickel. METHODS: We measured the levels of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), serum albumin, ischaemia-modified albumin (IMA) measured by a cobalt-albumin binding assay (CABA), and a nickel-albumin ...
Banko Lesan T - - 2010
The coronary vasodilatory effect of dipyridamole is competitively blocked by caffeine. The purposes of this study were to (1) assess the incidence of having detectable serum caffeine and (2) evaluate whether an intensive caffeine history screening strategy was superior to routine history screening before dipyridamole myocardial perfusion imaging. One hundred ...
Reynolds Rebecca M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether low serum cortisol concentrations are associated with adverse prognosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Low serum cortisol concentrations have been associated with adverse prognosis in critical illness of diverse etiology. DESIGN: Nested case-control study. SETTING: Prospective cohort study of consecutive patients admitted with acute myocardial ...
Shah Ravi V - - 2010
ST2, a member of the interleukin-1 receptor family, is a novel biomarker of mechanical stress measurable in serum that has been shown in animal and in vitro models to be physiologically linked to cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, and ventricular dysfunction. In patients with acute myocardial infarction and heart failure (HF), an ...
Chorianopoulos Emmanuel - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Soluble TWEAK has recently been introduced as a potential mediator of cardiovascular disease. In this retrospective pilot study we thus sought to evaluate serum levels of soluble TWEAK (sTWEAK) patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: Blood samples of 173 patients admitted to our hospital with acute STEMI ...
Buczinski Sébastien - - 2010
A Holstein cow presented for weight loss and anorexia had tachycardia, heart murmur, and a chronic inflammatory process. Serum cardiac troponin I was increased at 3.52 ng/mL. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a thickened tricuspid valve and comet-tail artifacts compatible with gas in the affected area. This report suggests that serum cardiac ...
Brunner Stefan - - 2010
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease in which systemic inflammation correlates with disease activity. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) contribute to collagen breakdown in atherosclerotic plaques. In the present study, we investigated whether the ratio of MMP-9 and its endogenous inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1, in circulating monocytes correlates with the clinical ...
Militaru Constantin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A significant and independent association between testosterone levels and coronary events in men and women has not been confirmed in large prospective studies, although some reports have shown that endogenous testosterone concentrations in men are inversely related to cardiovascular and general mortality. METHODS: We aimed to assess the relationship ...
Suprun Elena - - 2010
The myocardial infarction biomarker myoglobin was quantified at the biological level in undiluted plasma using developed electrochemical nanosensors with immobilized anti-myoglobin. Method for cardiac myoglobin detection is based on direct electron transfer between Fe(III)-heme and electrode surface modified with gold nanoparticles/didodecyldimethylammonium bromide (DDAB/Au) and antibodies. The procedure of myoglobin detection ...
Pennell Dudley J DJ Royal Brompton Hospital, London SW3 6NP, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Cardiac iron overload causes most deaths in beta-thalassemia major. The efficacy of deferasirox in reducing or preventing cardiac iron overload was assessed in 192 patients with beta-thalassemia in a 1-year prospective, multicenter study. The cardiac iron reduction arm (n = 114) included patients with magnetic resonance myocardial T2* from 5 ...
Kawai Keisuke - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recently, serum beta2-microglobulin, an endogenous marker for renal function, has been shown to be an independent predictor of mortality in older adults. However, the prognostic role of beta2-microglobulin in heart failure has not been elucidated. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated serum beta2-microglobulin and creatinine concentrations, creatinine-based renal parameters (estimated glomerular ...
Gul A - - 2009
Fructose intake has been increased steadily during the past two decades. Fructose, like other reducing sugars can react with proteins, which may account for aging and myocardial infarction. Fructose participates in glycation (fructation) and AGE formation some 10 times faster than glucose. This study aims to determine the fructose concentration ...
Song Eun Kyeung EK College of Nursing,University of Kentucky, Lexington, - - 2009
Trait anger, hostility, and serum level of homocysteine are associated with recurrent cardiac events after percutaneous coronary interventions. However, whether trait anger or hostility influences the association between serum level of homocysteine and recurrent cardiac events is unknown. To examine the relationships among trait anger, hostility, serum level of homocysteine, ...
Zhao Lin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by renal insufficiency have been well described. However, data regarding admission serum creatinine and coronary and myocardial flow are scant. The aims of this study are to evaluate the effects of admission serum creatinine on ...
Dimitriadou Meropi - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Despite advances in conventional treatment, iron-induced cardiomyopathy is still the most frequent cause of death among patients with beta-thalassaemia major. Recent studies have correlated increased myocardial iron content to decreased levels of vitamin D in thalassaemic patients. The aim of this study was to measure parathormone (PTH) and metabolites ...
Yang Shun-Chin - - 2009
We report an 82-year-old male patient who developed complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) with severe bradycardia 1 hour after craniotomy. After emergency placement of a transvenous pacemaker, the patient's heart rate was restored. Serial assays of serum cardiac enzymes, echocardiography and serum digoxin concentration did not show evidence of myocardial infarction, ...
Józefowicz-Okonkwo Grazyna G Medical University, Lodz, Poland. - - 2009
Heat shock protein (Hsp) 27 expression in cardiomyocytes increases in response to ischaemia. The extracellular release of Hsp27 from cardiomyocytes is proportional to its intracellular levels. To assess the influence of significant coronary artery disease (CAD), which by definition results in chronic myocardial ischaemia, on blood serum levels of Hsp27. ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2010
Recently, attention has focused on prostate-specific antigen kallikrein and the cardiovascular system. The finding of diminished PSA during acute myocardial infarction and the correlation of variation of PSA with coronary lesions and occurrence of major adverse cardiac events have opened a possible new intriguing scenario. As with many stories in ...
Karadag Bilgehan - - 2009
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes play a central role in all stages of the atherothrombotic inflammatory process. The atherothrombotic activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes is exerted by mediators such as myeloperoxidase (MPO). Although the role of MPO has been studied with respect to the development of adverse cardiac events in acute coronary syndromes (ACS), ...
LeLeiko Rebecca M - - 2009
Our objectives were to evaluate the prognostic value of several biomarkers in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) through an evaluation of the 30-day clinical outcomes. Multiple biomarkers have emerged as potentially useful in risk stratification of ACS. Specifically, markers of vascular inflammation and oxidative stress might be helpful in ...
Dincer Yildiz - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Apoptosis causes myocardiocyte loss during and after myocardial infarction. Therapeutic approaches designed to arrest apoptosis would be a significant new development in the recovery of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In order to examine apoptotic markers in the circulation, serum levels of p53 and cytochrome c were assessed in patients ...
Maeda Naotaka - - 2009
Inflammation caused by activated macrophages and T lymphocytes may trigger plaque rapture in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Anandamide and 2-arachidonylglycerol (2-AG) are macrophage-derived signal lipids and may be involved in the pathogenesis of ACS, but no clinical relevant data have been reported. In 43 acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients (66 ...
Kondur Ashok K - - 2009
Heart failure due to myocardial iron overload remains the leading cause of death in patients with transfusion-dependent anemias. Iron overload-induced cardiomyopathy is reversible if intensive chelation therapy is instituted on time. Thus, early detection of myocardial iron deposition is imperative to prevent overt heart failure. Conventional cardiac monitoring, including physical ...
Suzuki Hiroshi - - 2009
Hepcidin, a key iron-regulator secreted from the liver, consists of 25 amino acids (hepcidin-25), blocks iron release from macrophages via internalization and degradation of cellular iron exporter ferroportin, and restrains the use of iron in organs. Hepcidin mRNA and protein are also expressed in the human heart. A short form ...
Lee Seungkeun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate serum cardiac biomarker concentrations and selected enzyme activities in dogs with experimentally induced bradyarrhythmias after short- (1-hour) and long- (3-hour) duration transcutaneous cardiac pacing (TCP). ANIMALS: 10 healthy Beagles. PROCEDURES: In each dog, anesthesia was induced with propofol (5 mg/kg, IV) and maintained via inhalation of isoflurane ...
Lamari Annalisa - - 2010
Previous studies have suggested that subclinical thyroid dysfunction is associated with detrimental effects on the cardiovascular system. Subclinical hyperthyroidism is an increasingly recognized entity that is defined as a normal serum free thyroxine and free triiodothyronine levels with a TSH level suppressed below the normal range and usually undetectable. It ...
Cavusoglu Erdal - - 2009
In experimental animal studies, potassium has been demonstrated to protect against the development of atherosclerosis through a variety of mechanisms. Data regarding the role of potassium in the development of human atherosclerosis are sparse. The objective of this study was to determine the association between plasma potassium levels and angiographically ...
Ahmad Muhammad - - 2009
Oxidative stress is characterized by an increased concentration of oxygen free radicals which can cause a critical, or even an irreversible, cell injury. The study was designed to determine and compare the levels of oxidative stress and iron indices in Coronary Heart Disease and healthy individuals. Blood malondialdehyde, iron, total ...
Sen Nihat - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the relationship between coronary blood flow and serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity in patients with slow coronary flow (SCF). STUDY DESIGN: The study included 90 patients (47 men, 43 women; mean age 50.8+/-9.4 years) with SCF and 88 patients (45 men, 43 women; mean age 51.4+/-8.8 years) with ...
Yasuda Toshihiro - - 2009
We recently reported abrupt elevation of serum deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) activity in the early stage of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether serum DNase I could be used as a marker for detection of myocardial ischemia that accompanies AMI. In consecutive patients ...
Novo G - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this paper was to ascertain whether macrophage colony stimulating factor (MCSF) serum levels, measured during the acute phase of coronary syndromes (ACS), are useful to predict short term outcomes. METHODS: Seventy-four consecutive patients (mean age: 66+/-12), admitted to the Intensive Coronary Care Unit of Palermo University ...
Chatzikyriakou Sofia V - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Myocardial collagen content as a fundamental component of extracellular matrix, is altered in pathological states including heart failure (HF). Serum peptides related to myocardial collagen synthesis and degregation can be measured and may be used as indices of myocardial collagen turnover. The present study was undertaken to assess the ...
Aggelopoulos Panagiotis - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the comparative value of inflammatory markers on the occurrence of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: During 2006-2008, 760 patients with an ACS were enrolled. C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell (WBC) count were measured during the first ...
Lehrke Michael - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction results as a consequence of atherosclerotic plaque rupture, with plaque stability largely depending on the lesion forming extracellular matrix components. Lipid enriched non-calcified lesions are considered more instable and rupture prone than calcified lesions. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are extracellular matrix degrading enzymes with plaque destabilisating characteristics which ...
Niebroj-Dobosz Irena - - 2009
In the pathogenesis of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are supposed to be involved and may have diagnostic/prognostic value. Serum levels of MT1-MMP, MMP-2 and MMP-9 were quantified by ELISA and zymography in 22 EDMD patients and 15 age-matched controls. In the autosomal-dominant EDMD ...
Kraus M S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic Doberman Pinschers with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) often die suddenly owing to ventricular tachycardia that degenerates into ventricular fibrillation. A safe and effective antiarrhythmic drug treatment is needed. This will require a large, well-controlled, prospective study. HYPOTHESIS: Amiodarone toxicity is common in Dobermans with occult DCM and ventricular tachyarrhythmias ...
Fisher A A - - 2009
To evaluate whether there is a relationship between admission serum leptin concentrations and peri-operative myocardial injury, 238 consecutive older patients (mean age 81.9+/-7.9 years; 172 women) with low-trauma hip fracture were assessed. Myocardial injury as defined by elevated serum cardiac troponin I was associated with lower leptin levels analyzed as ...
Qari Faiza A - - 2009
A 52-year-old Indian woman with underlying diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia, presented with generalized musculoskeletal pain and oliguria for three days. The patient was taking 80 mg of simvastatin initiated 20 days earlier after cardiac catheterization for an inferior myocardial infarction. Laboratory investigations revealed the following serum levels: creatine kinase 81,620 ...
Berdoukas Vasilios - - 2009
Available iron chelation regimes in thalassaemia may achieve different changes in cardiac and hepatic iron as assessed by MR. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of four available iron chelator regimes in 232 thalassaemia major patients by assessing the rate of change in repeated measurements of ...
Liu Yingxian Y Department of Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, - - 2009
Higher levels of cysteinyl cathepsin L were detected in human atherosclerotic lesions than in healthy aortas. However, a link between human coronary heart disease (CHD) and systemic cathepsin L levels remains unknown. A total of 137 volunteers with diagnosed acute and previous myocardial infarction (MI) and stable and unstable angina ...
Bartunek Jozef - - 2008
This study was designed to investigate: 1) relationships between serum ST2 levels and hemodynamic/neurohormonal variables; 2) myocardial ST2 production; and the 3) expression of ST2, membrane-anchored ST2L, and its ligand, interleukin (IL)-33, in myocardium, endothelium, and leukocytes from patients with left ventricular (LV) pressure overload and congestive cardiomyopathy. Serum levels ...
Arroyo-Espliguero Ramón - - 2009
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a marker for cardiovascular risk but may also participate in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and myocardial injury. We sought to investigate the relationship among CRP, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and symptoms of congestive heart failure (CHF) in patients with chronic stable angina (CSA) pectoris. METHODS: ...
Wood John C JC Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Hospital Los Angeles and Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA. - - 2008
Iron overload occurs in patients who require regular blood transfusions to correct genetic and acquired anaemias, such as beta-thalassaemia major, sickle cell disease, and myelodysplastic syndromes. Although iron overload causes damage in many organs, accumulation of cardiac iron is a leading cause of death in transfused patients with beta-thalassaemia major. ...
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